Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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the curriculum of the public schools he entered King
College, Bristol, Tennessee, where he received the degree
of bachelor of arts in 1887. He graduated from Colum-
bia Theological Seminary, Columbia, South Carolina, in
1890; from Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary
in 1894, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Divinity;
received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from South-
western Presbyterian University of Clarksville, Tennessee,
in 1900, and in 1912 was given the degree of Doctor of
Laws by King College. Entering the ministry of the
Presbyterian church in the United States, his first charge
was at the First Presbyterian church of Decatur, Ala-
bama, where he remained in 1890 and 1891, then becom-
ing pastor of the Woodland Presbyterian church, at
Louisville, Kentucky, where he continued from 1891 to
1896. He then was pastor of the Presbyterian Church at
Jackson, Alabama, and president of the Jackson Agri-
cultural College, from 1896 to 1900, and in the latter
year became president of Austin College, a position
which he has continued to fill to the present time. Dur-
ing the past decade or more the standard of education
in Texas has been decidedly heightened. The earliest
efforts at realization of a high standard were crude and
ineffective; but they paved the way to the marked suc-
cess of later years, the amount and organization of teach-
ing being now such as will bear the most rigid examina-
tion and thorough criticism. It is impossible and un-
necessary to trace in detail the various steps in this ad-
vance of pedagogical thought ; it has been gradual, never
revolutionary, and more discernible in the present result
than in the stages of its progress. It would be invidious
and inaccurate to attribute leadership in this advance to
one school or another — all have contributed to it in
greater or less degree ; but no one will take exception to
the assertion that great credit is due, in the general
reckoning, to the wisdom, insight and persistence of the
president of Austin College. In political matters a Dem-
ocrat, Doctor Clyce cast his first vote for President Cleve-
land, and has never given his ballot to any other ticket.
His fraternal relation is with the Masons.

On October 5, 1892, Doctor Clyce was married at
Louisville, Kentucky, to Miss May De Perrin, and to this
union there have been born three children, namely: Wal-
lace Perrin, Dorothy and Edmonia Elizabeth.

Harry E. Hedeman. Harry E. Hedeman is well known
throughout Llano county, Texas, as one of the energetic
and successful business men of this section. For over
thirty years he has been engaged in business in this sec-
tion of the country, having a share in various enterprises
that have meant much to the people of this vicinity. He
has taken a prominent part in the civic and commercial life
of Llano, and is always among those men who place the
welfare of their city and the betterment of living condi-
tions before their own personal comfort.

Harry E. Hedeman was born on the 17th of April,
1859, in New Orleans, Louisiana. His father died when
he was thirteen years of age and Mr. Hedeman has been
practically earning his own living ever since that time.
He first, as a boy, worked in a grocery store at odd mo-
ments, when he was not in school, and in this way he
earned the money by means of which he was enabled to
go to college. He received his elementary education in
the public schools of the state and then attended Chris-
tian Brothers College. At the age of eighteen he left
college and his first two years were spent as a sailor.
After these years spent on the sea he went to Boston,
Massachusetts, where he remained for two years. During
this time he studied engineering and fitted himself for
some of the work he was to take up in bis future home.

It was in 1882 that he came to Texas and located in
Lampasas. Here he took charge of the water-works and
for ten years he operated this plant. He then came to
Llano, Texas, and established an ice factory, at the same
time starting a bottling works. After about five years
he sold his ice factory and erected a cotton ein. Three

years later he sold out this business and established his
present grocery business. In his bottling works he man-
ufactures a full line of soda water and other carbonated
drinks, and he does an extensive wholesale business
throughout this section of the country. The plant is
equipped with modern machinery and the finest sanitary
conditions prevail. In bis grocery store Mr. Hedeman
handles a full line of groceries, hardware, tinware, and
similar merchandise. He not only does a general retail
business, but he has built up a flourishing wholesale
trade with the surrounding country. He also handles
chickens and turkeys in wholesale lots, shipping many
car loads each season to various markets. He has built
up his business entirely by his own efforts, and hard
work, the ability to see a good business opportunity, and
the courage to take advantage of it, have been the secrets
of his success.

Mr. Hedeman is a Democrat in politics and political
questions have always had his active interest. He was a
member of the school board for many years and was
president of this body twice. He has also served several
terms as a member of the city council and during all his
public service he has been instrumental in many of the
improvements that have been made in civic affairs. He
is a member of the Commercial Club, and in the fraternal
world is a member of the Sons of Hermann and of the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In his religious af-
filiations Mr. Hedeman is a communicant of the Eoman
Catholic church.

Mr. Hedeman was married in Beaumont, Texas, in
1884, to Miss Ada Foster, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Foster, of Columbia, Texas. Three children, two
daughters and a son, have been born to Mr. and Mrs.
Hedeman. Leah is married to W. B. Lewis and resides
in Hearne, Texas. Ethel is living at home, and Harry,
who is unmarried, is associated with his father in the

Mr. Hedeman, like most of the men who have lived in
Texas during the years in which it has developed from a
cattle country into a state of many different interests,
is enthusiastic over its possibilities. He says that Texas
is a wonderful country and has a great future before it.
In his opinion Llano county, in particular, will some
day develop into a great mining district, and will grow
as it never has grown heretofore.

Jonathan W. Crudgington. A prominent attorney
and prosperous citizen of Amarillo. ilr. Crudgington has
had a varied experience and activities and has supreme
confidence in the great resources and opportunities of
Texas, particularly northwest Texas, where his home has
been for the past ten years.

Jonathan W. Crudgington was born in Roane county,
Tennessee, January 31, 1860, a son of Elijah and Caro-
lina (Fender) Crudgington. The grandfather Abram
Crudgington was a Revolutionary soldier, having been
one of General John Sevier 's volunteers from the Caro-
linas, Georgia and Virginia, and participating in the
battle of King's Mountain. Elijah Crudgington, the fa-
ther, had an even more notable war career. He was
born in Sullivan county, Tennessee, and when a young
man enlisted in Company F of the Third Tennessee Cav-
alry in the Union army. He was first lieutenant of his
company. During one of his scouting expeditions he was
taken prisoner, and first placed in prison at Knoxville,
in which prison the famous Parson Brownlow was like-
wise confined, and from there Mr. Crudgington was sent
with fifty-five other federals to the Confederate prison in
Richmond, Virginia. From the capital city, together
with ninety-nine other men, he was started for Salis-
bury. North Carolina, to be held as hostages for the gen-
eral good behavior of the United States government.
While en route to that place he effected his escape by
leaping off the swiftly moving train, and with one other
companion wandered about for six weeks in the vain en-
deavor to reach the federal lines. Finallv he and his



comrade were captured by Confederates, and after being
held for a time he was again placed in prison at Eich-
mond. Later he was sent to Salisbury, North Carolina,
where on November 26, 1863, he again made his escape
with three other prisoners. Of the fifty-six sent from
Knoxville to Bichmond only four, Mr. Crudgington and
three others, lived to see the end of the war. Elijah
Crudgington in 1870 came to Texas and located in that
part of Kaufman county which has since been cut off and
organized as Rockwall county. In that vicinity he engaged
in farming, a vocation he continued until 1877, when he
removed to Stephens county, where he resided until his
death in 1903 at the age of seventy-eight years. The
mother of the Amarillo lawyer was also a native of Ten-
nessee, where she was educated and married. Her death
occurred in Stephens county in March, 1904, at the age
of seventy-three. There were nine children in the fam-
ily, of whom Jonathan was the second.

He obtained his early schooling in this state, and his
first important work after leaving the farm was con-
tracting along the route of the Fort Worth & Denver
City Eailway, in grading the tracks. He next began the
reading of law in the offices of William Veale, and was
admitted to the bar in 1889 before the district court, and
was subsequently admitted by the supreme court. During
his practice in' Texas for nearly twenty-four years he
has enjoyed a liberal share of the business in each com-
munity where he has lived. He first practiced at Breck-
enridge, where he remained until August, 1902, and then
transferred his residence to Palo Pinto, which was his
home until 1904, at which date he moved to Amarillo.
In this city he has had several partnerships, first with
Mr. John W. Veale, which continued until 1907. With
the election of Mr. A'^eale as state senator, Mr. E. E. Un-
derwood joined them as partner, a relationship which
lasted only a short while. Later Mr. Umphres and sub-
sequently Mr. F. P. Works joined the firm. When Mr.
Umphres retired the firm became and has since re-
mained Crudgington & Works. They represent some of
the largest clients in this portion of Texas. From 1896
to 1900 Mr. Crudgington was county judge for two terms
of Stephens county.

In politics he is a progressive Democrat, though inde-
pendent of party, and has little concern in practical poli-
tics. He is a member of the County bar association, and
is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows
and the Woodmen of the World. His church is the

On 'March 4, 1890, at Breckenridge, Texas, Wr. Crud-
gington married Miss Alliene Veale, daughter of Wil-
liam and Levenia Veale, both deceased. They are the
parents of seven children, who are mentioned as fol-
lows: Harvey M., born at Breckenridge, March 21, 1892,
a graduate of the Lowry Phillip school and now in the
general ofiSces of the Santa Fe Eailway; John William,
born at Breckenridge, July 6, 1894, a graduate of the
Amarillo high school; Charles A., born at Breckenridge,
May 16, 1896, a student in the high school; Eobert E.
and George, twins, born at Breckenridge, August 1, 1899,
the former now in school and the latter deceased Febru-
ary 15, 1902; Susan, born at Palo Pinto, September 28,

1903, and now attending school in Amarillo; Kate, born
at AmariUo, January 25, 1906 and AUiene, born at Ama-
rillo, February 26, 1908.

Mr. Crudgington was one of the organizers of the
Amarillo Street Eailway Company, and was vice presi-
dent and one of the directors until the property was re-
cently sold to an eastern syndicate. He has been con-
nected with other local enterprises, among which is the
Panhandle' State Fair Association, and is an energetic,
well-informed citizen who does aU he can to advance the
welfare of his home community and state.

Calvin M. Still. Calvin M. Still's life has been a
busy and varied one in its every jjhase, and his public
service of recent years has not been the least of his ac-
tivities. As mayor of Taylor since 1910 he has proven
himself to be a citizen of the finest enthusiasm and the
most utter integrity, in his otficial capacity giving freely
to the city of his best energies and abilities, with a re-
sult that is so apparent that ' ' he who runs may read. ' '
He has been a resident of Taylor since about 1887, and
in the years that have elapsed since he has come to enter-
tain the heartiest regard for the city, his enthusiasm
therefore knowing no bounds.

Born in Eiley county, Kansas, January 23, 1861, Calvin
M. Still is the son of 'William and Katherine (O'Malley)
Still, the former a native of Kentucky and the latter of
Ireland, and the father was one of the first settlers of
Eiley county. Mr. Still was reared in Eiley county, re-
ceiving there educational advantages commensurate with
the possibilities of the community and the position of his
parents, and in his early manhood he engaged in the
service of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Eailroad Com-
pany. For several years he was employed as a locomotive
engineer. He came to Texas in 1882, locating at Deni-
son, from which point he was occupied with railroading
on the "Katy." It was in 1886, still in the service of
that line, that Mr. Still came to Taylor, in Williamson
county, and this city has since been his home. Soon
after "locating here Mr. Still gave up railroad work and
engaged in an independent business, interesting himself
in cotton buying and later in fire insurance business, and
he has since that time maintained an active and thriving
interest in those enterprises.

It was in 1910 that the public-spiritedness and general
excellence of the man as a citizen came to be officially
recognized by the people in his election to the office of
Mayor, and "so faithfully did he conduct the affairs of
the"office that he was re-elected in 1912. In that position
Mr. Still has given of his best energies and the city ac-
knowledges an era of public improvement of no slight
importance. Under his administration much of the most
telling improvement work of the city has been carried
on, and especially in this connection should be noted the
paving of Main and several other streets with creosoted
wood blocks, which gave to Taylor some of the finest
streets to be found in any city in Texas.

Mr. Still was married a"t Denison, Texas, to Miss Brid-
get Mary Quinn, who was born in Ireland, and six daugh-
ters have come to them: Katherine, Mary B., Marguer-
ite, Celesta, Emma and Pauline.


Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 177 of 177)