Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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National I'.aak .,l (,aine>Mllr Han.h -. ^ tlie laru,.r

institutions oi the enlire state. ,Alr, Potter gives all his
time to banking and his success has been due to the
fact that he has concentrated his efforts along one line
of business.

In politics he is a Democrat, but has never taken any
part in party matters. He is a memlier of the Methodist
church and is affiliated ^ith the Benevolent and Pro-
tective Order of Elks. In matters ami omani/
■ more .lii ... tl\- a IV.. l iii._: tlie well'ai e a a. I inal .a lal
nient ..i !. •' \ M i . I '..f.a . . - . 1 i liand

with In- -na, M.: ai,.| >.,..| rial llr , ... ai.' 1. 1. 'lit

of the eoa.uai.itil Se.retarie> ami Bii-.i...^., .\1. a ., Asso-
ciation of the state. He is also one of the executive
committee of the Chamber of Commerce of Ciainesville,
He has membership in the rural life association of Cooke
county, an organization whose object and work are
especially worthy of commendation, since they relate to
the general betterment of country life conditions in the

Mr. Potter was marrie.1 in 1879 to Miss EUa Lee, a
native of Missouri, and a daughter of L. W. and Mary
Ann (Fryer) Lee, her parents now living at Valley
View. Texas, were both natives of Missouri. Of the
six children of Mr. and Mrs. Lee only two are now living,
Mrs. Potter 's sister being Zoe, w-if e of Boy E. Mann,
of Denver, Colo. The two children of Mr. and Mrs.

Potter are: Ora, wife of J. B. Hilton, a merchant of
San Diego, California; and Hugh Morris, who was born
in 18SS, and having completed his law studies in the
University of Texas, is now engaged in practice in Hous-
ton, Texas.

William R. Hatcher. Among the prominent young
native born business men of this section of the state of
Texas. William R. Hatcher, as jiresident-treasurer of
the W. R. llatrher Coiisti ml aai (•onn..anv, takes a lead-

Jerry M. Hatcher was a native son of Virginia, who
came to this state when very young, in company with
his widowed mother, three sisters and three brothers.
They settled in Hill county, where beiiisj le.avp.l to man- he gave up the work of the laim lor the
. ,n piiiirr trade. He married JItiiy .i.anr \\ illanns in
>oan- manhood, she being a dauglit. i ..I :iii Arkansas
lamily wh.i came to Texas in the'etiil. .lays, :md being,

\\'illiam l;. I l:it..|i..r i.....i\e.l a .■..aiiiain school educa-
tion in his l.oyli I, tiiol l..:iiii,.l the .arjienter 's trade

under the instruction of his father. He was eighteen
years old when in 1894 he left home and went to Waco,
Texa-s, where he settled down and engaged in the con-
tracting business. After some time spent
business there, he moved to l'...s.|ni. . onnti

he married, and continued m il oaii:

until 1900, in which year li.. ni.n...l i..
Here he formed his j.resetit l.a-iii,.^s liin,
W. R. Hatela.r (■ i mi,,,,,,,,, an
carried on :i t liia\ inL^ Ln -la. - - m l.iiil.lin^ a
Among the aainy (.r.iinia.iii sliiatiii.'s t
reared un.ler the supervision of liis . ..n. .■!
tioned the Coliseum at the State I an i
cost $ia.5,000; the Dallas Transf.i ( ,.i
house, a four storv fire-iiroof I.nililin^,

in independent
., where

.iinu; l.iisinesa
1 'alias, Texas.

i ^.n as the

.1 II.. has since

ii.l Iracting.

Iial liave been

llla^ lie men-

;...a!al., which

a|.aii\ 's ware-
ta a ,i_t ninety-
li.. Soiinenthiel
■ a 11.1 r.mstruc-

1 1'^^iy i'l

...1 ol passing


irk in III.. |.i..s,.iit year,
on., .it til., l.-aders in business circles ok I he Dallas Builders' Ex-
he IS a memlier of the Dallas Auto
ernal atiiliations are with the Masonic
has membership in the Scottish Kite
has taken the thirtv-seeon.l degree;
cient Araliic Order of the Nobles of
: Dallas Chapter No. 47, Royal Arch
'lift Lodge No. 705, Ancient, Free and
He is also ;i memlier of the Inde-

]n |ss; ;\|r, lla;.lii.i \\a. niaiii...| t.. .Miss Lee Maxey,
dan,iilii..r ..k K'l... Max,.,^. ,.t l;,,s.)ii.. .•..imty. She is 'a
meml.i.r of an ..M T,..\as faaiil.x- thai lia.l it's first estab-
lishment here prior to the l'i\il war |.eiio(l. They have
one son, Maxey M. Hatcher. Th.. family home, which is
a center of many social activities in the . ity, is at 224
Sunset avenue.

Judge William W. Bogel. That citizenship is a
duty as well as a privilege is the kevnote in- the career
of Judge;i.l of MaiTa, f.n th..' past twelve years
county jinlLt.. an. I ,.\ .aii i.i .-.laatx- superintendent of
public sch....K in I' .•.iiiiii\. If is upon the social
character an. I ],- s,aiit .,f its in. .tubers that the
prosperity and advani'dtient of a community depend,
and in Judge Bogel Presidio county has had one of
the vital forces in its progress.

William W. Bogel was born in Goshen, Ohio, July
2.1, 18.55, a son of Augustus J. and Julia W. Bogel.
As a boy he was given the advantage of private school-
ing, after which he entered the Louisiana State Univer-



sity at Baton Eouge, where he was graduated with
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1874. His fatlier was
a druggist, and after leaving college he entered the
store and spent a few months as a clerk. That was in
1875 when he was about twenty years of age, and he
has been a resident in this state ever since. His first
settlement was in Prio county, which at that time was
a part of the great South Texas cattle range, and he
remained there for about five years and was engaged
in sheep raising. He then brought his stock out to
Marfa, and was one of the earliest sheep men in this
portion of West Texas, and continued actively in that
industry, and was one of the largest producers of wool
in this region until 1897. In that year he retired from
the sheep industry and turned all his attention to cat-
tle, and is still one of the large stockmen of Presidio
county. His fine ranch is located twelve miles from
Marfa. At San Antonio on February 15, 1S82, Judge
Bogel married Miss Sarah Newton, daughter of Col.
S. G. Newton of San Antonio. Seven children have
been born to their union, five sons and two daughters,
named as follows: Jessie, wife of Harry J. Hubbard,
a resident in Rosario, Old Mexico; Augustus J., who is
unmarried and lives in Presidio county; William W., Jr.,
who is married and lives in Marfa; Galitzen N., who
is unmarried; Edward L., single and at home in Presidio
county; Amos G.. who is in Presidio county and Gene-
vieve, who is in the family home at Marfa.

Judge Bogel is senior warden in the Episcopal church
of Marfa, and fraternally is affiliated with the Ma-
sonic Order from the Blue Lodge to the Shrine, and
with the Woodmen of the World. In his larger rela-
tions with the public life of his county. Judge Bogel
has shown himself to be not only a public-spirited citi-
zen in the ordinary sense of the term, but has manifested
a practical effectiveness in his public work. He is the
energetic president of the Presidio County Commercial
Club, and has been an influential member of the Repub-
lican organization In this county. For nearly ten years
he has held the office of county judge, and during this
time has also performed the work of superintendent
of county schools. While his management of the fiscal
affairs of the county has befen excellent in every par-
ticular Judge Bogel has probably directed his most
enthusiastic efforts toward the improvement of the pub-
lic school system, and it is as a result of his practical
efforts in that direction that Presidio county now has
a school system much better than the average county
with such a large area and such a scattered population.
During the past year an addition was added to the Marfa
school building at a cost of $15,000. Judge Bogel is
very fond of automobiling and horseback riding, and
has a prominent place in the social affairs of this com-

Oliver Loving. In proportion as the cattle industry
was for many years foremost among the productive
forces of economic wealth in Texas, in like manner
will the name Loving, through its prominent connection
with the live stock business, both as an individual under-
taking and in the organization of cattlemen, always have
pre-eminence among early Texas captains of industry and
great men of the frontier and the' range.

During the earlv history of the cattle industry, from
the beginning of ' settlement in north Texas until his
death soon after the close of the war, there was no more
striking figure than that of Oliver Loving. He was a
pioneer among cattlemen, and it was largely through his
enterprise and forethought that the ranchmen of his
state first found a market for their surplus cattle among
the miners of the Rocky Mountain regions and the
United States troops who were placed on the frontier
for their protection. He a recognized leader among
men, and was possessed of great decision and firmness
of mind— traits of character which were of especial
value in those days of constant danger, when a moment's
indecision might cost a human life or the loss of a

cattle herd representing a hard-earned fortune. His
death was a loss to the state at large, and among all
the old cattlemen who survive from that early time his
memory is cherished and kept green.

Oliver Loving was born in Hopkins county, Kentucky,
in 1813, and grew up to manhood in that county. He
moved to Texas with his family in 1845, and in the
fall of 1846 located in Collin county, before that was
an organized county, and secured a homestead of six
hundred and forty acres of land. His home was near
where the town of Piano now is located, where he be-
came engaged in farming, raising cattle and buying and
selling cattle :uid horses; also in freighting with ox
teams. At that time there were no railroads in the
state, and all merchandise for North and Northwestern
Texas was freighted on wagons from Jefferson, Texas,
Shreveport, Louisiana, and some from Houston, Texas.
He owned and operated several large ox wagons and
teams hauling for merchants, and for the United States
government, to the military posts on the frontier. In
1850 he hauled supplies for the government from Pres-
ton, on Red River in Gravsou county, to Fort Belknap
on the Brazos river, now in Young county, going through
the wilderness with the first soldiers that explored the
country, and the same that established Fort Belknap.

In 1855 settlement had progressed so far that Collin
county was being included within the scope of opera-
tions by small farmers, and this fact caused Mr. Loving
to sell his homestead and go further west. In October,
1855, he settled in what is now known as Loving's Val-
ley. This valley took its name from Mr. Loving and is
situated in the northeast corner of Palo Pinto county.
Here he engaged more extensively in raising cattle and in
trading in cattle and horses than before. In 1858 he and
John Durkee, his neighbor, drove several hundred beef
steers from Texas to some point in Illinois, driving them
overland all the way and making good money on them.
In 1S60 he and throe other men drove the first herd of
cattle, consisting of several hundred head, that was ever
driven from Texas to Colorado territory. He remained
in that territory for twelve months, and until after the
Civil war had begun. On his return he found his family
living in Weatherford. During his absence the Indians
had broken out and killed many of the settlers along the
frontier, and near his home and ranch, causing his
family to move to Weatherford for safety.

During the war Mr. Loving became a contractor for
the Confederate army, furnishing beef and bacon, and
driving several herds of beef steers to various points on
the Mississippi river and delivering his cattle to the
army on the east side.

lu 1866 Oliver Loving formed a copartnership with
Charles Goodnight, the noted Panhandle cattleman, for
the purpose of buying and driving cattle to New Mexico
and Colorado. They drove several hundred head of
beef steers in the same year to New Mexico.

The following incidents, constituting one of the trage-
dies of the early Texas cattle industry, and containing
the oircumstances of Loving's death, were written by
H. C. Hollowav of Fort Worth, who was with one of the
herils of cattle belonging to Loving and Goodnight and
was familiar with all the circumstances:

"In the spring of 1867 Oliver Loving and Charley
Goodnight commenced to gather another herd of cattle
around Black Springs in Palo Pinto and Jack counties,
to drive to New Mexico and Colorado. They were en-
gaged in gathering this herd of cattle until about June :
About this time they left Black Springs with two thou-
sand beef cattle for' Fort Sumner. New Mexico.

"The first event of note that occurred on the trip
was on the south bank of the Brazos river in Young
county, near old Camp Cooper. At this place, while
in camp at night, the Comanche Indians crawled up
behind a bank nearby, and opened fire on the cattlemen
with both guns and arrows. The only man wounded in
this fire was Long Joe Loving (no relative of Oliver



Loving), who was shot back of the ear with an arrow
which Goodnight pulled out with a pair of nippers next
morning. They then proceeded with the drive by way
of Phantom Hill and old Fort Chadburne and the Concho
Eiver, from there to Horsehead Crossing on the Pecos
Eiver. The trip from Brazos Eiver to this point was
uneventful, except the great hardship of doing without
water for the distance of ninety-six miles. At Horse-
head Crossing, on the Pecos Eiver, they remained for
several days, resting themselves and grazing their horses
and cattle.

' ' The manner of making these drives was to drive
cattle and loose horses all together, through the day;
at night, each man selected one horse on which to do
guard duty of about three reliefs through the night.
The balance of the horses were herded close to the beef
herd, so as to be close by in case of surprise. It was
always the prime object of the Indians to get the horses,
and in the spring of 1867 they captured at Horsehead
Crossing several herds of cattle and horses complete.

' ' From this place they proceeded up the Pecos Eiver,
about three days' drive, when Oliver Loving and 'one-
armed ' Bill Wilson left the herd to go on ahead to Fort
Sumner, a distance of about two hundred and fifty
miles, to look out for the sa.le of cattle and to look after
some unsettled business of the previous year. Loving
and Wilson were traveling together up the Pecos Eiver,
and on the third day had reached a point about twenty-
five miles above the Delaware Eiver, and about five
miles below where the river and the Apache Mountains
come together, when about the middle of the afternoon
they saw, off to their left, coming out from the moun-
tains, about eighty Comanche Indians. The Pecos Eiver
was just to their right, and near by; a glance at the
situation showed them that it was no use to run. Loving
and Wilson dropped back toward the river and aban-
doned their horses. The Indians came up near and com-
menced a conversation with them in Spanish, Wilson
being able to speak Spanish to them. The Indians pro-
posed to Loving and Wilson that if they would lay down
their arms they would not molest or hurt them. In the
meantime some of the Indians showed a disposition to
get around to the bank of the river, where short cane
Tfas growing in which one could secrete himself. While
Wilson was holding a conversation with the Indians, he
told Loving to look out that the Indians did not reach
this cane or hiding place before they themselves did ;
for he thought that if the Indians reached concealment
they would commence firing on them. But in the anxiety
of the conversation Loving and Wilson allowed some of
the Indians to reach the hiding place unnoticed by them-
selves, and, as expected by them, the Indians com-
menced firing on them as soon as they reached that point.
In the first engagement Loving was wounded, the ball
striking him in the wrist and passing through and enter-
ing the side, making only a flesh wound. Loving and
Wilson immediately dropped back under the bank of
the river. The firing then became general from the In-
dians, bullets and arrows falling thick around them, in
very many cases the arrows passing over the bank and
sticking in the ground an arm "s length from them. When
this condition had prevailed for some time Loving and
Wilson crawled up from under the bank and secreted
themselves in this cane. At that time the firing by the
Indians had ceased and all was quiet. While in this
condition Loving had lost much blood, and was grow-
ing weak and faint. The exact position in which they
were in at this time was as follows: Wilson was lying
on his side, the side next the ground on which there was
no arm, in the shape of a man sitting in a chair if he
were laid over on his side, and grasping his six-shooter
in his only hand. When this stillness had prevailed
for some length of time they heard a noise in the cane
about fifteen or twenty feet away; the noise did not
seem to be confined to exactly one spot, but was a noise
as if of an Indian crawling through the cane with a

spear, the noise ajiparently being made by the Indian
and the point of his spear passing through the caue.
About this time they heard the rattling of a large rat-
tlesnake. The noise made by the Indian just at this,
point ceased, but the rattlesnake came toward Wilson
and Loving, they lyiug perfectly still. The snake came
and coiled itself up in the lap of Wilson, its head being
not more than twelve inches from Wilson's face. Shortly
after this they heard the noise made by the Indian
recediuu. All'was still. The next thought was to get
rid of the snake. Wilson began uioviug his upper knee
slightly, until he saw the snake turn its attention to-
ward his knee, and in a short while the snake commenced
to crawl off around his knee, across his feet and went

' ' It was near sundown. Loving and Wilson remained
there in that place until after dark. Then Loving began
to importune Wilson to make his escape. Wilson refused
tor a considerable time to do so. Wilson thought from
Loving's conversation that he was growing a little de-
lirious. Loving continued to insist upon Wilson trying
to escape, and about midnight Wilson concluded to un-
dertake it. He removed all his clothes from his body
except his shirt and drawers. The moon was about two
hours high, casting a shadow over about half the river.
WUson got out into the water and commenced to float
down the river on the dark side. At about twenty-five
yards below he passed an Indian on his horse leaning
forward with his head beside his horse's neck, whipping
in the water with a switch or an arrow. Wilson passed
the Indian unobserved by him. Some two hundred yards
further on down the river he got out of the river and
started back for the herd, barefoot with only his wet
imderclothes on. He traveled all that day, the next
day and the next night, when he gave out and became
exhausted. About eight or nine o 'clock the next morn-
ing Goodnight came along with the herd, and found
Wilson sitting up in a hole in the cleft of a rock.

' ' The Indians remained around Loving, at the place
where Wilson had left him, until a little after sunrise the
next morning, when they left, never venturing into the
place where Wilson and Lo\dng were supposed to be

' ' Wilson quickly told Goodnight the story. They at
once mounted their horses and started back for the
scene of the tragedy. Loving had told Wilson that if
the Indians did not kill him, or if he lived from the
wound that he had received, he would remain at that
place until Wilson would return with help. The distance
was about sixty miles from the herd back to where
Loving was left wounded. They rode the distance that
day, reaching the place late in the evening. They made
close and diligent search, but were not able to find Lov-
ing. They then returned to the herd, thinking that Lov-
ing was killed. In the meantime, instead of Loving re-
maining there, as he had agreed to do, he went up the
river five miles, to where the mountain and river are so
close together that there is just a roadway between. He
remained there in that condition five days, at the end
of which time three straggling Mexican's happened to
pass that way. When found. Loving was burning his
liuikskiii '^U:\r on a little fire in order to eat it. Loving
ya\i ilir^,- Mrxicnns one hundred and fifty dollars to
t:iki' liiiii III I'liit Sumner, a distance of one hundred and
fifty Diil.s. I'ljrt Sumner was at that time the Navajo
Eeservation, where about seven thousand Indians were
being fed by the Government. When taken there the
army surgeon thought it necessary to amputate his arm.
He did so and Loving seemed to be doing well until about
the ninth day, at which time the taking up of the artery
in his arm became loose, from which there was consider-
able loss of blood, resulting in his death soon after.

' ' Mr. Loving was buried at Fort Sumner, in a coflSu
placed in a large box filled with charcoal. Some time in
January, 1S6S, he was taken up by Charles Goodnight,
H. C. Holloway and Joe Loving, his son, was placed in a



wagon and brought back to Weatherford in Parker
county, and there buried. ' '

Early in his young manhood Oliver Loving was mar-
ried in Kentucky to Miss Susan D. Morgan. They came
to Texas with five children, one child was born during
their first year's residence in Lamar county, and alto-
gether there were nine children, all of whom lived to be
grown, and eight of them lived into the twentieth cen-
tury. The children in order of birth were: Sarah I.,
who married John Flint; James C. Loving, a famous
Texas cattleman whose sketch follows; William \V. Lov-
ing, who died in 1861 at Weatherford; Susan M., who
married Mack B. Eoach; Jane E., who married Professor
O. W. Keeler; Joseph B. Loving; Mrs. I. N. Eoach, who
was the wife of Judge Eoach, of Weatherford; George
B. Loving; and Maggie, married to Thomas Wilson,
and after his death to Dr. C. B. Eaines. Mrs. Loving
lived at Weatherford after the death of her husband
until her death in 1S82. Loving county in Texas was
named after Oliver Loving.

James C. Loving. As long as the Cattle Eaisers Asso-
ciation of Texas shall have a place in the history of the
Lone Star State the name of James C. Loving will be
appropriately honored. At the time of his death in Fort
Worth on November 24, 1902, Mr. Loving had served
nearly twenty-sLx .vears as secretary of the association
and eighteen years as its general manager. To him,
more than any one man, was due the success of the
association, and he enjoyed and deserved an unbounded
esteem from all the old-time Texas cattlemen.

A son of the pioneer Texas cattleman, Oliver Loving,
whose career has been sketched above, James C. Loving
was born in Hudson county, Kentucky, June 6, 1836.
He was nine years old when the family moved to Texas,
and spent most of his early life on the frontier. At
the age of twelve he began work as a teamster in driving
an ox team. His father, as has been mentioned, was
engaged in freighting during the years before the war,
and for six years James C. Loving was almost all the
time on the road with a long team of oxen, and was
regarded as one of the ablest " buUwhackers " in the

In 1855, when he was nineteen, the family home was
transferred from Collin county to Loving's Valley in
Palo Pinto. The freighting business was then discon-
tinued except for home supplies, and J. C. Loving was
admitted to partnership with his father under the style
of O. Loving & Son. They engaged in a general mer-
chandise business, in cattle raising, buying and selling
cattle, horses and mules. They handled nearly all of the
beef produced in the country surrounding their head-
quarters for several vears. from 1855 to 1862. J. C.
Loving has been described as a merchant, cowboy and
beef drover, and a kind of all-round man. Opportuni-
ties for education were extremely limited on the frontier,
and he never had the advantages of common school edu-
cation, but made up for these handicaps, and was one
of the most practical and able men in Texas for manv
years. On January 15, 1857, he married Mary E.
Willett. and thev became the parents of three children.
From 1862 until the close of the war Mr. Loving was
in the State service on the frontier against the Indians,
and with the rank of first lieutenant commanded a
companv of fifty-seven men. The mercantile business

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 29 of 177)