Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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the practice of his profession at Arkadelphia. Arkan-
sas. A few years later he returned to his old home in
Bowie county, and here he passed the rest of his life,
and died in April, 1906, having rounded out more than
half a century in the practice of medicine. Few citi-
zens, if any, of his locality were better known or held
in higher esteem than Dr. James W. Barkman. One of
his younger brothers, Jerome B. Barkman, was at one
time sheriff of Bowie county. He died in 1892.

Jacob J. Barkman was born and reared at the old
home place on Barkman 's Creek, and has been a farmer
all his life. He now operates three farms in Bowie
county. In 1908. for the educational benefit of his
children, he moved into the city of Texarkana and es-
tablished a home at No. 1608 West Eighth street,
where he and his family have since resided.

Mr. Barkman married Miss Laura Jones, who was
born in Tennessee and reared in Bowie county. They
have three children, a daughter, Charlscie, and tw^o sons,
Morris S. and Rollin J.

Hakrt W. McGee. Both through his own family and
by his marriage, Mr. McGee represents some of the old-
est and best known families of northeast Texas. The
McGee family has been honorably known in this section
of the state for considerably more than half a century.
Mr. McGee himself represents a younger generation and



for a number of years been one of the active and
re business men of Marshall.

He was born in Panola county, Texas, in 1S70, and
is a son of Dr. John C. and Laura (Anderson) McGee.
An honored pioneer physician whose service was given
to many of the early settlers, and who always held a
high place in their esteem. Dr. McGee was a native of
Tennessee, from which state he came into Texas in the
early fifties, settling in Panola county, and in 1871
brought his family to Marshall, in Harrison county,
where he died. His wife was born in Panola county in
1833. The Anderson family, as this date would indi-
cate, were among the earliest of American families to
locate in this part of Texas. The late Dr. McGee served
throughout the war between the states in the Confed-
erate army.

Harry W. McGee was reared in Marshall and received
most of his education in Colonel Bass' school, and now
for some years has been successfully engaged in the
land business. He handles his own property exclusively
and does no brokerage business. The business which
has been under his efficient management for some years,
is perhaps the oldest of its kind in northeast Texas,
and was founded by the eminent Dr. James H. Starr
at Nacogdoches, in 1842, during the existence of the
Eepublie of Texas. The business was transferred to
Marshall in 1870. A more complete account of this
interesting enterprise and of the career of Dr. Starr
and his family will be found in succeeding paragraphs.

Mr. McGee was married in Marshall to Miss Sarah
Clapp Starr, daughter of the Dr. James H. Starr above
mentioned. The four children in their home circle are
named Sallie Starr McGee; Harry W. Jr., Laura Jane
and Frank Starr McGee.

Dr. James Starr. Among Texas families who be-
came identified with this state preceding the time of
the Eevolution and independence from Mexico and who
have been continuously identified to the present time,
none has been more prominent in affairs of Northeast
Texas than that of Starr, whose founder was Dr. James
H. Starr. His distinguished career is to a large extent
a matter of history in every thorough and comprehen-
sive account of this state, and his is one of the names
that is familiarly associated with the founders of Texas'
liberty and the organization of its Eepublican govern-
ment. He was for many years associated with such
men as Lamar, Houston, and others whose names are
household words in this state. Dr. St.nrr was born at
Hartford, Connecticut, December 18, 1*09. His fam-
ily is one of the oldest of the New England states, and
he was directly descended from Dr. Comfort Starr, who
emigrated from Ashford, England, in 1635, settling in
the Massachusetts colony in the vicinity of Boston.
Dr. Starr's grandfather was Nicholas Starr, a settler
in Connecticut, who resided at Groton and was one of
the citizen volunteers who fell in the defense of Fort
Griswold, on September fi, 1781, when that fort was
stormed and captured by a British expedition under
the command of Benedict Arnold. James Starr, the
father of Dr. Starr, was born in Connecticut, where he
married Miss Persia Shaw, a daughter of Jabez Shaw.
Their home was for some time in New Hartford, Con-
necticut, but from that place the family in 181.5 emi-
grated to Ohio, settling near Worthington. in Franklin
county, where James Starr died in 1824.

James Harper Starr attended an academic school in
Worthington but even during that time of his life was
largely on his own resources, having to earn the money
by teaching school in order to continue his education.
Some medical text books which he managed to secure
and read was the beginning of his education for the
profession and after the establishment of a medical
college at Worthington in 1830, he at once entered as
one of the first students and was graduated with his
degree in 1832. In the same year he went south and

located in Georgia, where he began the practice of med-
icine at McDonough, in Henry county. In that county
he was united in marriage on February 21, 1833, to
Miss Harriet J. Johnson.

Dr. Starr and wife emigrated to Texas in 1836, the
same year with the winning of Independence from
Mexico and the establishment of the Eepublie. How-
ever, they did not arrive in Texas until January, 1837,
at which time they located at Nacogdoches, the town
which had been established by the Spaniards from
Mexico early in the eighteenth century, and which is
one of the oldest towns in the state. Captain Frank-
lin J. Starr, a brother of the Doctor, had come to Texas
in 1835, and taken a very prominent part in the Texas
struggle for independence.

At Nacogdoches Dr. Starr began to practice medicine,
and at about the same time began to purchase land.
That remained his home for a third of a century, and
along with material prosperity he was also favored with
numerous honors in the public service under the Ee-
publie. Soon after coming to Texas he was appointed
surgeon in the Texas army. In January, 1838, he was
appointed president of the board of land commissioners
for Nacogdoches county. When in May, 1839, Presi-
dent Lamar, chose him as his secretary of the treasury
in the cabinet. He held that position under the Eepub-
lican government and at a time when his duties were
especially taxing and responsible until September, 1840,
at which date he resigned. A number of years later,
during the Civil war between the states. Dr. Starr was
receiver of the Confederate states court at Tyler, and
in 1863 President Davis appointed him to the position
of Assistant Post Master General in charge of the
postal departments for the Trans-Mississippi states, with
official headquarters at Marshall. This high post in
the Confederate service he held until the end of the
war. In 1870 Dr. Starr removed from Nacogdoches to
Marshall, which was his home until his death on July
25, 1890. His wife died November 28, 1882.

Dr. Starr was one of the regents appointed by Gov.
Eoberts to establish the University of Texas, as pro-
vided for by an act of the legislature. This was an
honor and responsibility, however, which he was com-
pelled to decline on account of other duties. Besides
his medical practice he had for a number of years en-
gaged in the land business, and was one of the largest
individual owners of real estate in northeast Texas. As
a land dealer he had begun business in Nacogdoches in
1842. Two years later Samuel Amory became asso-
ciated with him in the business under the firm name of
Starr & Amory. With the withdrawal of Mr. Amory
in 1858 Dr. Starr continued alone for some years, until
1868, when his son, James F. Starr, became a partner
in the business, which now assumed the title of J. H.
Starr & Son. The business was removed, together with
the homes of its proprietors, to Marshall, in April, 1870,
and they soon afterwards added a private banking de-
partment in connection with their real estate offices. The
banking business was transferred to Eaguelt & Fry in
October, 1872; then, on June 16, 1873, the land business
of James H. Starr & Son went under the management
of Emory E. Starr, another son of Dr. Starr, and
Emory Starr was its proprietor until his death. Since
that time Mr. Harry M. McGee, a son-in-law of Dr.
Starr, has been at the head of this important business.

The Texakkana Pipe Company is a factor to be con-
sidered in the industrial and commercial activities of
this city, and indeed of the Southwest for the output
of its plant finds a market not only in the vicinity of
Texarkana but also throughout Texas, Oklahoma, Arkan-
sas, Louisiana and ilexico. The company was origin-
ally known as the Post Pipe Company but in December,
1911, feeling that the success of the enterprise was due
no uiore to the efforts of the management than to the
loyal and enthusiastic support given to this home in-

Osj o at^



dustry by its southern neighbors, it was decided to show
appreciation of this good-will by linldug with the name of
the company the names of those three states, Texas-
Arkansas-Louisiana (Tex-Arli-Ana) of which the com-
pany felt itself to be geographically as well as in spirit
a part; and with January 1, 1912, the company took
the name of the Texarkaua Pipe Company.

A manufacturing plant of this sort is of marked ad-
vantage to the territory in which located, in contrast
with a mercantile establishment, because instead of
sending to foreign markets for merchandise to be dis-
trilmted in the territory, the manufacturing plant on
till.' other hand secures all its raw material, as well as
labor, upon tlie ground, and reverses the operation of
the mercantile establishment by sending its product
abroad, and distributing the proceeds therefrom at
home, in the purchase of such raw materials as clay,
fuel, lumber, brick, etc, as well as supporting a large
pay-roll, through which means a vast amount of money
is released among retaOers and others.

Maj. Augustus C. Allen. An honored old age has
from time inmiemorial been one of the best distinctions
bestowed upon the individuals of mankind. But when
to length of years are added achievements of varied and
icinMikiible riiinartiM ,iii,l a long record of useful citizen-
sliip, iiir liiiiMir :,iir| .■-irciii paid to such a life are of
irMir tiMM |,:i-.^in^ i in [ lui I a iir.'. Such a career of long
anil i-v.'niinl \-ra i s liav hicii that of Maj. Augustus C.
Allen, now retired, and one of the best loved citizens of
Texarkana, where he has resided for more than thirty
years. Major Allen was a soldier in two wars. He has
long been identified with the cotton business of Texas
rnii his citizenship in the Lone Star state is more than
half a century old.

Major Allen was born in Pike county, Georgia, on
Mari-h 6, 1836. His father was both a planter and a
lawyer. In 1840 the family removed to Holmes county,
Mississippi, but a short time later took up their resi-
dence in New Orleans, where the father long practiced
his profession and Avas one of the honored citizens.

Major Allen was a school boy in New Orleans, but at
an early age entered a large mercantile house of that
city as a clerk and there laid the foundation of a
thijiiiiii;li and I'Nirnsn,' Imsincss experience, which he
a]i|iliri| in latri. m-h^ lur liix ,,\mi great success in Texas.
A lii-t i!;r: 11.11 «li;r|i iM.n lirlmi^s to few living men is
the |n^~rvM(,ii ,,f Majm in that he is a survivor
of tlie famous tililiustpring expedition of General Walker
into Nicaragua. In December, 1856, when he was just
twenty years of age and at the most adventurous time
of life he enlisted in what was designated Company B,
under Capt. Bob Harris, for service in Nicaragua, in
tlie revolutionary forces led by Gen. William Walker.
The unfortunate fate of that expedition is well known
and Major Allen was one of the fortunate ones to escape
the fate in which many of the number participated. At
Graytown, on the coast of Nicaragua, he arrived with
his company and went up the San Juan River, their
object being to relieve General Walker, who was at that
time in very close quarters on the Pacific side of the
Peninsula. Young Allen in the meanwhile received pro-
motion to the rank of lieutenant m his company, having
been recommended for that promotion by Maj. Eobert
Ellors. who was Walker 's chief recruiting officer at New
Orleans. For several months his service continued in
Nicaragua and was filled with adventure and escapes
that would adorn the pages of the most romantic tale,
and finally with a few comrades he made his escape
from the country on the British sloop of war Tartar.
This vessel carried him to Aspinwall, whence he con-
tinued his homeward journey on the American vessel
Granada as far as Hanava, and from there to New
Orleans on the steamer Empire City. Though his ex-
perience as a Central American revolutionist had con-
tinued for oulv a few months, he had displayed the

Vol. IV— 19

qualities of the absolutely fearless soldier and officer,
and because of these qualifications had repeatedly been
detached from regular duty to serve as scout and in
reconnoitering expeditions which were even more dan-
gerous than the main body of Walker's troops were
subjected to.

Having returned to New Orleans, he again entered
mercantile employment in 1857 and was thus engaged
until 1860, at which year he removed to Jefferson, Texas,
where he established himself independently in business.
Then soon followed his next military experience. With
the breaking out of the war he joined the Confederate
army, enlisting in the Nineteenth Texas Infantry, a
regiment of which E. Watterhouse was colonel and E.
W. Graham was lieutenant colonel. Most of his service
with this regiment was in the Trausmississippi depart-
ment, chiefly in Arkansas and Louisiana. In 1863. in
Pointe Coupee parish, Louisiana, he was captured and
held prisoner in New Orleans for four months. Eejoin-
ing his regiment at the end of that time, he was then
promoted to major. Near the close of the war, upon
the request of General Magruder, he was put in com-
mand of the post at Hempstead, Texas, and remained
there until the dissolution of the Confederacy. Major
Allen was a strict disciplinarian and yet was exceed-
ingly popular anil with the soldiers and
civilians, and it »a- lam,. In due to his tactful and firm
conduct at Heni|.M,.a.[ iliai lie was able to subdue the
turbulent eonditmns that oxisted both among the sol-
diers and the populace in that vicinity. Pew of the
'lixans 111 the Civil war made a more gallant or more
■ ll^tln^llisll,..| record than did Major Allen, and among
all his (.Id associates he is considered one of the bravest
and most efficient soldiers and officers remaining from
the old army of the Confederacy. He had two twin
brothers, known as the ' ' Allen Twins, ' ' who served with
distinction in General Lee's army in Virginia. A very
important part of the business career of Major Allen
was during the noteworthy boom period at Jefferson,
extending from 1865 to about 1874. During those
years Jefferson became the largest and most important
shipping and commercial center of northern and central
Texas, and its prosperity was so great that in population
and diversified enterprise the city was much greater at
that time than it has ever been since. Major Allen was
the moving spirit in all this enterprise and for some
time was agent for the Carter line of steamboats at
Jefferson. Later he became manager of a cotton com-
press at Jefferson, and it was for the purpose of super-
vising the erection of the first cotton compress ever put
up in Texarkana that he first came to this city in 1879.
He has been a resident through all the subsequent years
and has been prominently connected with the cotton
business during a great part of that time. In about
1893 he retired from active business, though he still re-
tains large and valuable property interests in this vi-
cinity. His home is on the Texas side of State Line

Major Allen's domestic life has lieen peculiarly for-
tunate and happy. In Xoxoiiilui. isr.s, li,. married Miss
Virginia Adams, a dan-liln ..I |i,. ( liail,.s Adams, of
Copiah county, Mississippi. 'I' tn,, .lanuhters are
Mrs. Lucy Mabry, of Texarkana, widow uf the late Gen.
William Haywood Mabry, and Mrs. Jessie, wife of D. C.
Wise of Jefferson. There are also a number of grand-
children and great-grandchildren, and the Allen' home
in Texarkana is a favorite gatherinu .- f...
family at different times, and nothing", i :ms

has given Major Allen more pleasure ■■ . ■ ly

and esteem of his children and his child], n . ■ .| i, n,

John L. Worlet. 'As president of the John F.
Worley Printing Company of Dallas, Mr. Worley is at
the head of a commercial enterprise which throughout
all the years of its existence has stood for character as
well as mere business success. The Worley Printing



Company is more than a house for the production of a
•varied class of high-grade printing and for a service
in all the kindred arts of the printing trade. It is
also an institution, one of those central enterprises
which every city recognizes as all important through its
standing and success as a commercial center. The
Worley Printing Company is a monument to the busi-
ness character and wholesome integrity of its founder,
the late John F. Worley, who was one of the ablest and
most admired of Dallas' citizens and business builders.

The late John F. Worley, whose death occurred in
1910 was born in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in
1852, learned the printer's trade in a newspaper office
in that city, was compositor, contributor and publisher,
then became connected with the old Chronicle at Pitts-
burg, and in 1S76 came to Dallas, Texas as a traveler
and visitor, rather than as a home-seeker. Perhaps he
saw something more than the superficial surroundings
which then characterized the town in its early years of
growth, and it was this which caused him to remain
and become one of the most active factors in its sub-
sequent progress. He set up a small printing shop in
the city, and for a time printed the old Dallas Herald.
In 1890 he began the publication of the Dallas City
Directory, and this plant has kept that business ever
since. The late Mr. Worley was especially interested in
the civic and benevolent institutions of his home city.
He was chairman of the board of directors which built
the Young Men 's Christian Association building, com-
pleted in April 1909, and made the largest individual
contribution to this building fund. John F. Worley
married Miss Mary Belle Lewis, and their four children
were John L., Mary, Edward and Margaret.

Mr. John L. Worley, son and sucees^^! ,i, i i-^mmss
of his honored father, was born in Dall:i- ' ■ '.''<■

1884, received his education at Cole's >■ , ! i

tory School and entered the University ..i T..:- m
1900, graduating in 1904. In 1905, by postgraduate
work he won the degree of M. A. His fellowship record
was beyond the ordinary, and on leaving college he
engaged in the work of teaching, and subsequently be-
came an instructor in history at the University of Texas.
He held this position up to 1910 at which time he re-
turned to Dallas to take charge of the business which
the death of his father left without a head. He be-
came president of the John F. Worley Printing Com-
pany, and has since directed its business in the spirit
and along the lines which made it so successful under
the management of his father. In 1905 the John F.
Worley Printing Company incorporated with a capital
of $50,000. The late John F. Worley was supervisor
for the taking of the census at Dallas in 1910. The
John F. Worley Printing Company has a great volume
of business in printing and blank book manufacture,
and has the largest ,iob plant in the state.

Mr. John L. Worley was married October 10, 1911, to
Miss Lillian Aaron," a daughter of A. E. Aaron of

Edward H. Cart, M. D. As a specialist in the eye,
ear, nose and throat diseases, there is no more eminent
authority both in theory and practice in the state of
Texas than Dr. Cary of Dallas. Dr. Gary entered upon
his preparation for 'his profession with the intention of
pursuing general practice, but his abilities during his
collegiate career were strikingly manifested in the line
of his present specialty, and when he began practice in
Dallas some ten years ago he was already an acknowl-
edged authority and expert in the diseases of the eye,
ear, nose and throat, and has since had a large private
practice and various honors and distinctions in the

Dr. Cary came to Dallas when a boy, a little more
than twenty years ago, to take up a career in business,
and it was only after several years of experimenting
that he discovered his inclination and abilities for

medicine and devoted himself to study and preparation
for his real life work. Edward H. Cary was born at
Alabama, February 28, 1872, a son of
jjiry .T. (Powell) Cary. The family
ii.i - M, I.. Hum which original seat, its
I i lii-t ;> (Georgia and then into Ala-
V ,:iiiH' tn Dallas in 1890 to become
eiate of his brother A. P. Cary, with
whom he remained for several years. In 1894 his bent
for the profession of medicine having become fully
demonstrated, he went to Kew York and entered the
Bellevue Hospital Medical College (a famous institu-
tion, which in 1899 became the medical department of
the University of New Y^ork City). In 1898 he grad-
uated M. D. and his work as a student had won him the
honor of appointment as medical and surgical interne.
He not only had a term of clinical experience at the
Bellevue Hospital, but also served an interne-ship in
the New Y'ork Eye & Ear Infirmary. Soon afterward
he established himself in practice at New York City, as
a specialist in the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and
throat. He also served as an instructor of ophthal-
mology at the Bellevue Hospital Medical College and
at the New Y'ork Polyclinic, and was visiting ophthal-
mologist to the Bellevue Dispensary and assistant in the
New Y'ork Eye i Ear Infirmary.

Dr. Cary returned to Dallas in 1901, and soon after-
ward was appointed to the chair of diseases of the eye,
ear, nose and throat in the medical department of the
University of Dallas. He was elected Dean of the
faculty of this school in 1902. In 1903 the school be-
came the medical department of the Baylor University,
the chief seat of which institution is at Waco, the
name of the medical department becoming the Baylor
University School of Medicine. Dr. Cary continued as
Dean of the faculty, and is still in that position. The
medical department is closely affiliated with the Baptist
Memorial Sanitarium in Dallas, and Dr. Cary is ophthal-
mologist and otologist of the clinical staff of the sani-
tarium. Dr. Cary has membership in all the various
medical societies, has served as president of the Dallas
county Medical Society, and is now president of the
Medical Society of the Southwest, an organization in-
cluding five states. He is also president of the A. P.
Cary Company, dental and surgical depot. He is one
of the active members of the Dallas Club, and the Dallas
Country Club.

Dr. Cary married, April 19, 1911, Miss Georgie
Schneider a daughter of the late Jules E. Schneider
of Dallas. Her father was one of the old citizens and
member of the well known firm of Schneider, Davis &
Company. Dr. Cary and wife reside in an elegant home
on the Lakeside Drive, at the corner of Gillon Avenue.
Highland Park.

Thomas E. Erwin. One of Parker county's oldest
pioneer families is represented by Thomas E. Erwin,
who a number of years ago started in business in a very
small way as a dealer in groceries at Weatherford. His
enterprise has since been expanded by his own energetic
management and by the confidence which a community
comes to have in "a merchant of strictest honor and
commercial integrity, and his is now the largest estab-
lishment for the sale of groceries, hardware and farm
implements in Parker county. The Erwin family has
been identified with Texas since the close of the Re-
public, and two of its older members sacrificed their

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 93 of 177)