Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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plains for company of immigrants in 1862. Justice of
peace; school trustee.

YATES, HENRY (son of Joseph Yates and Elizabeth Wil-
son Baty). Born at Calls Fort. Utah.

Married Effle Moss Oct. 8, 1903, Salt Lake City (daughter
of Nephi Moss and Rhoda Pace), who was born Dec. 13,
1886, at Chesterfield, Idaho. Their children: Joseph b.
June 19, 1904; Effle La Von b. July 27, 1905; Elsie Eliza-
beth Nov. 20, 1906; Willard b. March 30, 1908; La Rue b.
Aug. 4, 1909; Wynn Del b. March 20, 1912.

Elder; Sunday school teacher.



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1267



YATES, WILLIAM (son of Thomas Yates and Violet Owen
of Wortley, Lancastershire, Eng.). Born Oct. 31. 1832,
Wortley, Eng. Came to Utah in 1863.

Married Mary Partlngton 1860, Upholand, Lancastershire,
Eng. (daughter of Thomas Partlngton and Marguerite Otten
of England, pioneers 1863). She was born Sept. 18, 1840.
Their children: Marguerite, m. William C. Bouck; Mary
E., m. Henry Player, m. John Kirkwood, m. Clarence
Mentor; Martha A., m. Samuel Lufkin, m. Clarence Hen-
dershot; William T., m. Mary Evans; John O., m. Lucile
Zimmermann; Amanda, m. Albert Kirkwood; Stephen E.,
m. Sabina Chldester; Bertha A., m. Walter C. Brown;
Hattie, m. Benjamin Richards; Carrie, m. Henry Harmon,
m. Stephen Dangerfield.

Seventy at Mona, Utah; elder; choir leader. Veteran
Black Hawk war. Farmer. Dead.



YEAMAJV, THOMAS (son of John W. Teaman and Martha
Teaman). Born Toronto, Canada, Sept. 7, 1836.

Married Anne Garner, Huntsville, Utah (daughter of
David and Eliza Garner). Their children: John W. b. Feb.
6, 1859, m. Anne Garner; Storing b. May 4, , m. Maria
Grow; Thomas, Jr., b. April 21, 1875, m. Etta Brow; Michael
b. Dec. 29, 1877, m. Edith Meacham; George W. b. Feb.
22, 1881, m. Mary Roberts.



YEARSLEY, NATHAN (son of David Tearsley and Mary
Ann Hoops of West Chester, Pa.). Born Nov. 8, 1835, in
West Chester. Came to Utah in 1848.

Married Ruthinda E. Stewart in January, 1865, Salt Lake
City (daughter of Mr. Stewart and Ruth Baker). She
came to Utah with parents 1847. She was born 1844. Their
children: Nathan D., m. Mary Ann Wight; Emma L., m.
Joseph A. Vance; May Elizabeth, died; Annie Ruthinda,
m. Henry Bowring; James Heber, m. Rosy J. Howell; Hores
Calvin, died; Charles William, m. Henrietta Parkinson;
Minnie Jenetta, m. George Nichols. Family home Brigham
City, Utah.

High priest; presiding elder Promontory 1885-89. Par-
ticipated in Echo Canyon campaign in 1857; made two trips
across plains for immigrants. Farmer and stockralsor.
Died Oct. 28, 1910.

TEARSLET, NATHAN D. (son of Nathan Tearsley and
Ruthinda E. Stewart). Born Oct. 13, 1865, Ogden, Utah.

Married Mary Ann Wight Jan. 31, 1888, Brigham City,
Utah (daughter of Stephen Wight and Emma Pulsipher
of Brigham City). She was born 1867, died Dec. 22, 1903.
Only child: Nathan Melvin b. April 10, 1889. Family home
Woodruff, Idaho.

Married Julia Ann Gibbs Dec. 21, 1905, Logan, Utah
(daughter of William H. Gibbs and Lettia John, who were
married Feb. 5, 1872, Salt Lake City, latter pioneer 1862).
She was born Dec. 22, 1875, West Portage, Utah. Their
children: Clifford L. b. Aug. 1, 1907; Carl G. b. Oct. 2, 1909;
Ruthinda G. b. Jan. 15, 1911; Alta L. b. April 10, 1912.

High priest; bishop's counselor 16 years; Sunday school
superintendent Woodruff ward, Malad stake, six years. Pio-
neer dry farmer and stockraiser.



YEATBS, GEORGE (son of John and Mary Teates of
Worcestershire, Eng.). Born April 28, 1814, at Broad
parish, Hampton. Came to Utah in 1861.

Married Mary Chance (daughter of Thomas Chance and
Sarah Oliver), who was born Oct. 10, 1816. Their chil-
dren- Sarah Teates b. May 26, 1836, m. Daniel Gamble;
Frederick b. Jan. 11, 1838, m. Sarah Webb Nov. 9, 1862;
Thomas b. Nov. 3, 1840; Esther b. April 4, 1843, m. John
Scott: Ann b. June 18, 1846. Family home Millville, Cache
Co., Utah.

TEATES, FREDERICK (son of George Teates and Mary
Chance of Hampton parish, Worcestershire, Eng.). Born
Jan. 11, 1838, in Broad parish. Came to Utah Sept. 21,
1857, Jacob Hofflnes company.

Married Sarah Webb Nov. 9, 1862 (daughter of Anthony
Webb and Elizabeth Humphries), who was born Jan. 3,
1840 Their children: Frederick Thomas b. July 31, 1863,
m Annie Frances Jessop Dec. 16, 1885; Eva Annie b. Sept.
28 1864, m. Frederick Eliason; Mary Elizabeth b. Oct. 26,
1865 m. James Graham; Ephraim b. March 3, 1867, m.
Cathrine Wright June 1, 1898; Eliza Ann b. June 4, 1868,
m James S. Cantwell; George Anthony b. Nov. 25, 1869;
Mart-a-More b. July 8, 1871, m. Joseph S. Jessop; John b.
March 19. 1873, m. Elizabeth Bailey; Esther Phoebe b.
Oct. 15, 1874, m. Joseph Eliason; Israel b. July 24, 1876,
m. Marietta Hargraves; Sylvia Chance b. Feb. 7, 187R. m.
Ephraim Jessop; Alma b. May 31, 1881. Family home
Millville, Cache Co.. Utah.

Married Sarah Maria Spackman April 13, 1874, Salt Lake
City (daughter of Henry Spackman and Ann Bond), who
was born May 10, 1859, at Burbidge, Wiltshire, Eng. Their
children: James b. May 18, 1875, died; William b. May 10,
1876. died; Allie b. April 3, 1877; Sarah Olive b. Oct. 12,
1879, m. Ralph Mitchell; Roxana Stahia b. March 4, 1882,
m Sidney O. Stevens; Lula Annie b. Sept. 6, 1884, m. Isaac
Samuel Smith; Josephine b. April 29, 1887, m. Roy Rudolph;
Joseph Ruthford b. Sept. 4, 1890. Lived in Millville, Cache

High priest; seventy. Held many positions of trust. Is
now working in the Logan temple.



TEATES. FREDERICK THOMAS (son of Frederick Teates
and Sarah Webb). Born July 31, 1863, in Salt Lake county.
Married Annie Frances Jessop (daughter of Thomas Jes-
sop and Eliza Jane Humphries) in the Logan temple.
Their children: Walter Teates b. Dec. 12, 1886; Frederick
Eugene b. July 17, 1888; Nina b. Feb. 25, 1891, m. Niels
Orson Olson June 8, 1910; Thomas Leo b. Feb. 24, 1893;
Mary Marvel b. Oct. 3, 1895; Eulalla b. Nov. 7, 1897; Annie
Reva, b. Feb. 12, 1902; Eliza Elva b. March 8, 1904. Family
home Millville, Utah.



YOUNG, BRIGHAM (son of John Toung and Nable Howe,
the former a Revolutionary soldier, serving under the Im-
mediate command of Washington). He was born June 1,
1801, Whittingham, Windham county, Vt. He was one
of ten children, and the youngest but one of five broth-
ers, named In their order as follows: John, Joseph,
Phineas, Brigham and Lorenzo. His sisters were Nancy.
Fanny, Rhoda, Susan and Nabbie. The first four married
and became respectively Mrs. Kent, Mrs. Murray, Mrs. John
P. Greene, and Mrs. James Little. Nabbie died in her girl-
hood. In religion, the family were Methodists. Brlgham's
early avocations were those of carpenter and joiner, painter
and glazier. He came to Utah July 24, 1847, as captain of
the first company of immigrants.

Married Miriam Works Oct. 8, 1824, who died September,
1832. Their children: Vilate, m. Charles Franklin Decker;
Elizabeth T.. m. Edmund Ellsworth.

Married Mary Ann Angell February, 1834. Among their
six children were: Brigham, Jr. b. Dec. 1836, m. Katherine
Spencer Nov. 15, 1855; Luna C. b. Aug. 20, 1842, m. George
W. Thatcher April 4, 1861.

Married Lucy Decker (daughter of Isaac and Hannah
Decker of Holland, pioneers 1847, Brigham Toung company),
who was born May 17, 1821. Among their children were:
Shamira b. March 21, 1853, m. William J. Rossiter Oct. 9.
1877; Clarissa H. b. July 23, 1860, m. John D. Spencer Jan.
19, 1882.

Married Clarissa C. Decker (daughter of Isaac and Han-
nah Decker), who was born July 22, 1828. Among their
children was: Nabbie b. March 22, 1852 (d. 1894), m. Spencer
Clawson Feb. 15, 1876.

Married Sarah Malin April 18, 1848 (daughter of Elijah
and Hannah Malin of Chester county, Pa.), who was born
Jan. 10, 1804.

Married Ellen Ackland Rockwood (daughter of Albert
Perry Rockwood and Nancy Haven), who was born March
23, 1829.

Married Clarissa Ross (daughter of William Ross and
Phoebe Ogden of New Tork). who was born June 16, 1814.
Their children: Mary, m. Mark Croxall; Clarissa Maria,
m. William B. Dougall; Willard, m. Harriet Hopper; Phoebe
L. b. Aug. 1, 1854, m. W. J. Beatie Jan. 7, 1872.

Married Mary Jane Bigelow (eldest daughter of Nahum
Bigelow and Mary Gibbs, pioneers 1850, William Snow
oxteam company).

Married Lucy Bigelow (daughter of Nahum Bigelow and
Mary Gibbs).

Married Mary Van Cott (daughter of John Van Cott,
born Sept. 7, 1814, Canaan," N. T., and Lucy L. Sackett, born
July 17, 1815, pioneers Sept. 25, 1847 married Sept. 15,
1835, in New Tork). She was born Feb. 2, 1844, and died
Jan. 5, 1884.

Married Eliza Babcock (daughter of Adolphus Babcock
and Jerusha Jane Rowley of New Tork, pioneers 1847,
oxteam company).

Married Harriet Amelia Folsom (daughter of William H.
Folsom and Zervlah E. Clark of New Hampshire and
Massachusetts).

Married Emily Dow Partridge. Their children: Mary
Eliza b. June 8, 1847, m. Mark Croxall; Caroline b. Feb. 1,
1851, m. Mark Croxall 1868; Joseph Don Carlos b. May 6,
1855, m. Alice Naomi Dowden Sept. 22, 1861.

Married Elizabeth Robison (daughter of Peter Roblson
and Mary Ashly, pioneers 1850), who was born April 29,
1850. Family home Fillmore, Utah.

Married Sarah Ann McDonald (daughter of William Mc-
Donald and Serlah Shirts of Crawford, Burn, County Down,
Ireland). She was born March 3, 1856.

There were other wives, whose genealogies are not printed
here.

Whltney'8 History says of Brigham Toung:

It was at Aurelius, Cayuga county, N. T., in 1824 that
he first saw the Book of Mormon, a copy of which had been
left at the house of his brother Phineas, In the neighbor-
Ing town of Victor, by Samuel H. Smith, a brother to
Joseph Smith, the Prophet. Deeply Impressed with the prin-
ciples of Mormonlsm, he. In company with Phineas and his
friend Heber C. Kimball, visited a branch of the church
at Columbia, Bradford county, Penn., from which state
had -previously come several Mormon elders, preaching the
doctrines of their faith in and around Mendon. Subse-
quently proceeding to Canada, where his brother Joseph was
laboring In the Methodist ministry, Brigham presented to
him the claims of Mormonlsm. He then returned with him
to Mendon, where they both Joined the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints.

He was baptized on the 14th of April, 1832, by Elder
Eleazer Miller, who confirmed him at the waters edge and
ordained him an elder the same evening. About three weeks
later his wife Miriam was baptized.

His first meeting with the founder of Mormonlsm was In
the fall of the same year, when he visited Klrtland, Ohio,



1268



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



the headquarters of the Latter-day Saints. Joseph Smith,
it is said, prophesied on that occasion that Brigham Young
would yet preside over the church. A year later he removed
to Kirtland.

He was chosen one of the Twelve Apostles the council
or quorum second in authority in the Mormon church
Feb. 14, 1835, and forthwith he entered upon his eventful
and wonderfully successful career. With his quorum he
traversed the eastern states and Canada, making proselytes
to the faith and gathering funds for the completion of the
Kirtland Temple and the purchase of lands in Missouri,
where Mormon colonies from Ohio and the East were set-
tling. When disaffection arose and persecution threatened
the existence of the church and the lives of its leaders,
he stood staunchly by the Prophet, defending him at his
own imminent peril. Finally the opposition became so
fierce, that he as well as the Prophet was compelled to
flee from Kirtland.

He next appears at Far West, Mo., the new gathering
place of the Saints, where after the apostasy of Thomas B.
Marsh and the death of David W. Patten (his seniors among
the Apostles), he succeeded to the presidency of the Twelve.
This was in the very midst of the mob troubles that cul-
minated in the expulsion of the Mormon community from
that State. In the absence of the first presidency, composed
of the Prophet, his brother Hyrum Smith, and Sidney Rig-
don, who had been thrown into prison. President Young,
though not then in Missouri, directed the winter exodus
of his people, and the homeless and plundered refugees
twelve to fifteen thousand in number fleeing through frost
and snow by the light of their burning dwellings, were
safely landed upon the hospitable shores of Illinois.

His next notable achievement was in connection with
the spread of Mormonism in foreign lands. As early as
July, 1838, he and his fellow Apostles had been directed by
the Prophet to take a mission to Europe, and "the word of
the Lord" was pledged that they should depart on a certain
day from the Temple lot in Far West. This was before the
mob troubles arose, before the Mormons had been driven,
and before there was any prospect that they would be.
But all was now changed, the expulsion was an accom-
plished fact, and it was almost as much as a Mormon's life
was worth to be seen in Missouri. The day set for the
departure of the Apostles from Far West (April 26, 1839)
was approaching, but they were far away, and apostates and
mobocrats were boasting that the revelation pertaining
to that departure would fail. Before daybreak, however,
on the morning of the day appointed, Brigham Young and
others of the Twelve rode into the town, held a meeting
on the Temple lot. and started thence upon their mission,
their enemies meanwhile wrapped in slumber, oblivious of
what was taking place. Delayed by the founding of their
new city, Nauvoo, in Hancock county, 111., and by an
epidemic of fever and ague that swept over that newly
settled section, they did not cross the Atlantic until about
a year later, and even then this indomitable man and his
no less indomitable associates arose from sick beds, leaving
their families ailing and almost destitute, to begin their
journey.

Landing at Liverpool penniless and among strangers,
April 6, 1840 Mormonism's tenth anniversary they re-
mained in Great Britain a little over a year, during which
time they baptized between seven and eight thousand souls
and raised up branches of the church in almost every
noted city and town throughout the United Kingdom. They
established the periodical known as "The Millennial Star,"
published five thousand copies of the Book of Mormon, three
thousand hymn books and fifty thousand tracts, emigrated
a thousand souls to Nauvoo, and founded a permanent
shipping agency for the use of future emigration. The
British Mission had previously been opened, but its founda-
tions were now laid broad and deep. The first foreign mis-
sion of the Mormon church, it still remains the most Im-
portant proselyting field for the energetic elders of this
organization.

Brigham Young, soon after his return from abroad, was
taught by the Prophet the principle of celestial or plural
marriage, which he practiced as did others while at Nauvoo.
He married among other women, several of the Prophet's
widows. It was not until after the settlement of Utah,
however, that "polygamy" was proclaimed.

Brigham Young was in the eastern states, when Joseph
and Hyrum Smith were murdered in Carthage jail, June 27,
1844. The business which had taken him and most of the
Apostles from home was an electioneering mission in the
Interests of the Prophet, who was a candidate for the
presidency of the United States. As soon as they heard the
awful tidings of the assassination, they hurried back to
Nauvoo.

Their return was timely. The Saints, grief-stricken at
the loss of their leaders, needed the presence of the Apostles,
but not merely as a means of consolation. Factions were
forming and a schism threatened the church. Sidney Rig-
don, who had been the Prophet's first counselor in the first
presidency, was urging with all his eloquence for he was
an eloquent and a learned man his claim to the leader-
ship, contending that he was Joseph's rightful successor:
notwithstanding that for some time he had absented him-
self from Nauvoo and the society of the Saints, manifest-
ing a disposition to shirk the trials patiently borne by his
much suffering associates. Brigham Young, with little
learning and less eloquence, but speaking straight to the
point, maintained the right of the Twelve Apostles to lead
the church in the absence of the first presidency, basing
his claim upon the teachings of the martyred Seer, who
had declared: "Where I am not, there is no first presidency
over the Twelve." He had also repeatedly affirmed that he



had rolled the burden of the "Kingdom" from his own
shoulders upon those of the Twelve.

The great majority of the people sustained President
Young, and followed him in the exodus from Illinois, leav-
ing Elder Rigdon and other claimants at the head of various
small factions which have made no special mark in history.
Brigham, by virtue of his position in the quorum of the
Twelve, was now virtually president of the church, though
he did not take that title until nearly two years later,
when the first presidency was again organized. The exodua
began In February, 1846.

Expelled from Nauvoo across the frozen Mississippi,
armed mobs behind them, and a savage wilderness before,
the homeless pilgrims, with their oxteams and heavily
loaded wagons, halted in their westward flight upon the
Missouri river, where, in the summer of the same year
they filled a government requisition for five hundred men
to serve In the United States in its war against Mexico.
Thus originates the famous Mormon Battalion, whose story
Is told in another place.

President Young and his associates, after raising the
Battalion and witnessing its departure for the West, set
about preparing for the journey of the pioneers to the
Rocky Mountains. This company, including himself, num-
bered one hundred and forty-three men, three women and
two children, meagerly supplied with wagons, provisions,
firearms, plows, seed-grain and the usual camp equipment.
Leaving the main body of their people upon the Missouri,
with instructions to follow later, the pioneers started from
Winter Quarters (now Florence, Neb.), early in April.
1847. Traversing the trackless plains and snow-capped
mountains, they penetrated to the very heart of the "Great
American Desert," where they founded Salt Lake City, the
parent of hundreds of cities, towns and villages that have
since sprung into existence as Brigham Young's and Mor-
monism's gift to civilization. The date of their arrival
In Salt Lake Valley was July 24, a day thenceforth "set
among the high tides of the calendar."

Flinging to the breeze the stars and stripes, these Mormon
colonizers took possession of the country, which then be-
longed to Mexico, as in the name of the United States, and
after the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, by which, in Feb-
ruary, 1848, the land was ceded to this nation, they or-
ganized, pending the action of Congress upon their petition
for a State government, the Provisional State of Deseret, of
which Brigham Young was elected governor. March 11,
1849. They thoroughly explored the surrounding region,
placated or subdued the savage tribes (President Young's
policy was to feed the Indians rather than fight them),
battled with crickets, grasshoppers and drouth, instituted
irrigation, redeemed arid lands, built cities, established
newspapers, founded schools and factories, and made the
whole land hum with the whirring wheels of industry.
They were emphatically what they styled themselves, "the
busy bees of the hive of Deseret."

There was but one branch of Industry that they did not
encourage. It was mining. In the midst of one of the
richest metal-bearing regions in the world, their leader
discountenanced mining, advising his people to devote them-
selves primarily to agriculture. "We cannot eat gold and
stiver," said Brigham Young. "We need bread and clothing
first. Neither do we want to bring in here a roving, reck-
less frontier population to drive us again from our hard-
earned homes. Let mining go for the present, until we are
strong enough to take care of ourselves, and meantime let
us devote our energies to farming, stock-raising, manufac-
turing, etc., those health-giving pursuits that He at the
basis of every State's prosperity." Such, if not his precise
language, was the substance of his teachings upon this
point. It was the premature opening of the mines, not
mining itself, that he opposed.

Congress denied Deseret's prayer for Statehood, but on the
9th of September, 1850, organized the Territory of Utah, of
which Brigham Young became governor, by appointment of
President Millard Flllmore, after whom the grateful Mor-
mons named the county of Millard and the city of Fill-
more, originally the capital of the Territory. Governor
Young served two terms, and was succeeded in 1858 by
Governor Alfred Cummlng, a native of Georgia, Utah's first
non-Mormon executive.

Just prior to Governor Cumming's installation occurred
the exciting but bloodless conflict known as "The Echo
Canyon War," but officially styled "The Utah Expedition."
It was the heroic crisis of Brigham Young's life, when, o>n
the 15th of September, 1857, he, as governor of Utah, pro-
claimed the Territory under martial law, and forbade the
United States army then on our borders (ordered here by
President Buchanan to suppress an imaginary Mormon up-
rising) to cross the confines of the commonwealth. Hla
purpose was not to defy the national authorities, but to
hold in check Johnston's troops (thus preventing a possible
repetition of the anti-Mormon atrocities of Missouri and
Illinois) until the government which had been misled by
false reports could investigate the situation and become
convinced of its error. Governor Young, backed by the
Utah militia, fully accomplished his design and the affair
was amicably settled.

Though no longer governor of Utah, Brigham Young re-
mained president of the Mormon church, and as such WB.B
the real power In the land. Under his wise and vigoroua
administration the country was built up rapidly. The
settlements founded by him and his people on the shores of
the Great Salt Lake formed a nucleus for western civiliza-
tion, greatly facilitating the colonization of the vast arid
plateau known as the Great Basin. Idaho, Montana, the
Dakotas, Colorado, Wyoming, Nevada (once a part of



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1269



Utah), Arizona and New Mexico, owe much in this con-
nection to Utah and her founders.

It was presumed by many that the opening of the great
conflict between the northern and the southern states, would
find Brigham Young and his people arrayed on the side of
secession and in arms against the Federal government.
What was the surprise, therefore, when, on the 18th of
October, 1861, at the very threshold of the strife, with the
tide of victory running in favor of the Confederacy, there
flashed eastward over the wires of the Overland Telegraph
line, just completed to Salt Lake City, the following mes-
sage signed by Brigham Young: "Utah has not seceded,
but is firm for the constitution and laws of our once happy
country." At this time also the Mormon leader offered to
the head of the nation the services of a picked body of
men to protect the mail route on the plains, an offer
graciously accepted by President Lincoln. Early in 1862,
Utah applied for admission into the Union.

The prevailing prejudice, however, was too dense to be
at once dispelled. Hence, notwithstanding these evidences
of loyalty, springing not from policy but from true patriot-
ism, a body of Government troops the California and
Nevada Volunteers, commander by Colonel Patrick E.
Connor were ordered to Utah and assigned the task of
"watching Brigham Young and the Mormons," during this
period of national peril. The insult implied by the pres-
ence of the troops who founded Fort Douglas on the bench
east of Salt Lake City was keenly felt, and considerable
friction arose, though no actual collision occurred between
the soldiers and the civilians in general. Gradually the
acerbities wore away and friendly feelings took their place.
In after years, when President Young was summoned to
be tried before Chief Justice McKean, who should offer to
become one of his bondsmen but General Patrick Edward
Connor, ex-commander at the Fort, who was then engaged
extensively in mining, of which industry he was Utah's
pioneer.

It was twenty-two years after the settlement of Salt Lake
Valley when the shriek of the locomotive broke the still-
ness of the mountain solitudes, and the peaceful settlements
of the Saints were thrown open to the encroachment of
modern civilization. A new era then dawned upon Deseret.
Her days of isolation were ended. Population increased,



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 270 of 293)