Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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resided in Utah and Idaho.

ZWEIFEL. JOHN HYRUM (son of Jacob Zweifel and Eliza-
beth Smid). Born in 1885, Rexburg, Idaho.
Married Hermina Feligs in 1902 at Rexburg.

ZWEIFEL, JOHN (son of John Zweifel and Barbara Martin
of Linthal, Canton Glarus, Switzerland). Born Dec. 24, 1845,
In Canton Glarus. Came to Utah Oct. 24, 1864, Bishop Hyde
oxteam company.

Married Susan Kummer in April, 1868, Providence, Utah,
and later at Salt Lake Endowment house (daughter of
Jqhan Kummer and Elizabeth Bigler, of Bern, Switzerland).
She was born in 1839. Their children: Susan b. April 11,
1869, died; Mary b. June 27, 1870, m. A. P. Springer; John
b. Oct. 26, 1872, died; Elizabeth b. Nov. 5, 1874, m. Roy
Bagley; Albert b. Jan. 25, 1876; William b. Jan. 19, 1879,
died; Annie b. winter of 1881, d. infant; Eliza b. Feb. 19,
1883, m. Chriss Burgi; Frank b. March 19, 1885. Family
home Providence and Midway, Utah.

Married Elizabeth Feuz Oct. 10, 1911, Salt Lake City
daughter of John Feuz and Anna Abegglen), who was born
Dec. 12, 1862. Family home Midway, Utah.

High priest; missionary to Missouri. Indian fighter.


Historical events leading up to the beginning, foundation and organization of the Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints, for which this publication is indebted to the "Church Chronology," compiled by Andrew
Jensen, assistant Church Historian, "The Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-
day Saints," "Containing the Revelations Given to Joseph Smith, Jr., The Prophet, for the Building Up of
the Kingdom of God in the Last Days," divided into verses by Orson Pratt, Sr., "The Pearl of Great Price,"
"a Selection from the Revelations, Translations and Narrations of Joseph Smith, Jr.," divided into chapters
and verses by James E. Talmage, and the "History of Utah," by Orson F. Whitney.

Note: These historical facts are presented in connection with this work to show why Utah was settled at the time it
was; to show the spirit that imbued these pioneers to suffer the privations, hardships, sacrifices and deaths they did, that
they might have a home and country where they could worship God according to the dictates of their conscience and in
accord with their religious creed. AUTHOR.

During the two first decades of the Nineteenth Century
a number of men who were destined to take a most active
part In the ushering in of the new gospel dispensation were
born. Chief among these was the Prophet Joseph Smith.

18O5. December 23. Joseph Smith, the Prophet, was born
in Sharon, Windsor Co., Vt.

Among the men, older than the Prophet, who became in-
timately associated with him in establishing the Latter-day
work, were the following:

Joseph Smith, Sr., born July 12, 1771, in Topsfield, Essex
Co., Mass.

Martin Harris, born May 18, 1783, in Easttown, Saratoga
Co., N. Y.

Sidney Rigdon, born Feb. 19, 1793, in St. Clair, Allegheny
Co., Pa.

Edward Hunter, born June 22, 1793, in Newtown, Delaware
Co., Pa.

Edward Partridge, born Aug. 27, 1793, in Pittsfield, Berk-
hire Co., Mass.

Newel K. Whitney, born Feb. 5, 1795, in Marlborough.
Windham Co., Vt.

Lyman Wight, born May 9, 1796, in Fairfield, Herkimer
Co., N. Y.

John E. Page, born Feb. 25, 1799, in Trenton, Oneida Co.,
N. Y.

Thomas B. Marsh, born Nov. 1, 1799, in Acton, Middlesex
Co., Mass.

Hyrum Smith, born Feb. 9, 1800, in Tunbridge, Orange
Co., Vt.

David W. Patten, born about 1800, in the State of New

Brlgham Young, born June 1, 1801, in Whitingham, Wind-
ham Co., Vt.

Heber Chase Kimball, born June 14, 1801, at Sheldon,
Franklin Co., Vt.

Willard Richards, born June 24, 1804, at Hopkinton,
Middlesex Co., Mass.

David Whitmer, born Jan. 7, 1805, near Harrisburg, Dau-
phin Co., Pa.

Orson Hyde, born Jan. 28, 1805, in Oxford, New Haven Co.

Oliver Cowdery, born October, 1805, in Wells, Rutland Co.,

1808. Wm. E. McLellin was born this year in Tennessee.

I8OT. March 1. Wilford Woodruff was born in Farming-
ton, Hartford Co., Conn.

April 12. Parley Parker Pratt was born In Burling
ton, Otsego Co., N. Y.

November 3. Luke S. Johnson was born in Pomfret, Wind-
sor Co., Vt.

1808. November 1. John Taylor was born in Milnthorpe,
Westmoreland, England.

18O9. August 21. Charles Coulson Rich was born In
Campbell County, Mass.

1811. February 22. Ezra Taft Benson was born in Men-
don, Worcester Co., Mass.

March 13. Wm. Smith was born in Royalton, Windsor
Co., Vt.

September 19. Orson Pratt was born In Hartford, Wash-
ington Co., N. Y.

September 20. John F. Boynton was born in Bradford,
Essex Co., Mass.

October 24. Lyman Eugene Johnson was born in Pomfret,
Windsor Co., Vt.

1813. January 8. Albert Carrington was born in Royal-
ton. Windsor Co., Vt.

March 30. Amasa M. Lyman was born In Lyman, Grafton
Co., N. H.

1814. April 3. Lorenzo Snow was born in Mantua, Port-
age Co., Ohio.

October 27. Daniel Hanmer Wells was born in Trenton,
Oneida Co., N. Y.

1815. Joseph Smith, Sr., removed with his family from
Vermont to Palmyra, Wayne Co., N. Y.

1816. February 21. Jedediah Morgan Grant was born In
Windsor, Broome Co., N. Y.

1817. June 26. George Albert Smith was born in Pots-
dam, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y.

1818. November 9. Erastus Snow was born in St. Johns-
bury, Caledonia Co., Vt.

1S2O. The Baptists, Methodists and Presbyterians held
protracted revival meetings in and about Palmyra, N. Y.,
which resulted in great contention among the preachers and
members of the different sects who sought to influence the
new converts to join their respective churches. Joseph
Smith, Jr. (then about fourteen years old), being unable to
decide which of all the sects was right, and being deeply
Impressed with the promise in James 1, 5: "If any of you
lack wisdom, let him ask of God that giveth to all men
liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him," re-
tired to a grove near his father's house, early in the spring
of the year, where he sought the Lord in earnest prayer.
While thus engaged, he beheld two glorious beings wrapped
in a brilliant light, standing above him In the air. One of
them spoke to him, calling him by name, and said (pointing
to the other), "This is my beloved Son, hear Him." Joseph
then asked the personages, standing above him in the light,
which of the sects was right and which he should join.
He was answered that he must join none of them, for they
were all wrong. The person speaking said further that all
their creeds were an abomination in his sight and that
"those professors were all corrupt." "They draw near to
me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me; they
teach for doctrine the commandments of men, having a form
of godliness; but they deny the power thereof."

1821. April 2. Franklin Dewey Richards was born in
Richmond, Berkshire Co, Mass.

1823. September 21. Joseph Smith, Jr., while engaged in
earnest prayer in his father's house in Manchester, near
Palmyra, N. Y., saw the room in which he had retired for
the night filled with light surpassing that of noonday, in
the midst of which stood a person dressed in white, whose
countenance was as lightning, and yet full of innocence
and goodness. This was the angel Moroni (sometimes er-
roneously called Nephi), who Informed Joseph that God had
a work for him (Joseph) to do, and that his "name should
be had for good and evil among all nations." The angel
quoted many passages of Scripture, and told Joseph that
the native inhabitants of America were a remnant of Israel
who had anciently enjoyed the ministry of inspired men,
that records engraved on plates of gold, containing their
history and also the fulness of the everlasting Gospel had
been preserved and were buried In a neighboring hill.
While conversing with the angel, a vision was opened to
Joseph's view, so that he could see the place where the
plates were deposited, and he was told by the angel that he
should obtain them at some future day, if he was faithful.
After imparting many instructions, the angel disappeared,
but returned twice during the night, and repeated what he
had said on his first visit; he also gave further instructions.

September 22. Joseph Smith, Jr., was again visited by the
angel Moroni and received further instructions. He related
what he had seen and heard to his father, who believed his
words, and advised him to do as he had been instructed.
He then went to the hill (Cumorah) that he had seen in
his vision the previous night, and soon found the spot where
the plates containing the ancient records were burled In a
stone box. He lifted the lid of the box and beheld "the
plates, the Urim and Thummim and breastplate, as stated
by the angel." While attempting to "take them out," the
angel informed him "that the time for bringing them forth
had not yet arrived, neither would, until four years from
that time."

1824. September 22. Joseph Smith, Jr., again visited the
hill Cumorah, according to previous commandment, and
there received further instructions from the angel. On
the same day of the two following years he made similar
visits to the hill, receiving instructions from the angel each

182(7. January 11. George Quayle Cannon was born In
Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

January 18. Joseph Smith. Jr., married Emma Hale, a
daughter of Isaac Hale, while In the employ of Joslah
Stoal, in Chenango County, N. Y.

September 22. The angel Moroni delivered to Joseph
Smith, Jr., the ancient records, or the plates of the Book




of Mormon; also the Urira and Thummim, with which to
translate them, and the breastplate.

When it became known that Joseph Smith, Jr., had ob-
tained the plates, severe persecutions arose against him and
his father's family, and every effort was made to rob him
of the sacred treasure.

December. Owing to persecutions Joseph Smith, Jr., re-
moved from Manchester, N. Y., to Harmony, Susquehanna
Co., Pa., but there also persecution awaited him. During
this and the following month he translated some of the
characters of the plates.

1828. February. Martin Harris visited Joseph Smith, Jr.,
at Harmony, Pa., and took some of the characters, which
had been transcribed, and the translation of them, to New
York City, where he showed them to Professor Charles
Anthon and Doctor Mitchell.

April. Martin Harris returned from New York City and
commenced to write for Joseph Smith, Jr., who continued to
translate from the plates until June 14th.

June. Martin Harris lost the manuscript which he had
obtained contrary to the will of the Lord. It consisted of
116 written pages translated from the plates by Joseph
Smith, Jr., and has never since been recovered.

July. Joseph Smith, Jr., having returned to Harmony,
Pa., from a visit to his father's family in Manchester, N.
Y., enquired of the Lord through the Urim and Thummim
and received the first revelation published in the Book of
Doctrine and Covenants. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 3.)

1829. February. Joseph Smith, Jr., was visited by his
father, Joseph Smith, Sr., at Harmony, Pa., and received a
revelation addressed to him. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 4.)

March. The revelation known as Section 5 of the Doc-
trine and Covenants was given at Harmony.

April. Sun 5. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cowdery
met for the first time.

Tues. 7. Joseph Smith, Jr., resumed the translation of the
Book of Mormon, assisted by Oliver Cowdery as scribe, at

Later in April, Oliver Cowdery was called by revelation to
assist Joseph Smith, Jr., in his labors and stand by him in
his difficulties. Oliver was also promised the gift of trans-
lating like Joseph, if he desired it.

Therefore be diligent, stand by my servant Joseph, faithfully.
In whatsoever difficult circumstances 'he may be for the word's

Admonish him in his faults, and also receive admonition of him.
Be patient; be sober; be temperate; have patience, faith, hope and
charity. *

And, behold. I grant unto you a gift, if you desire of me, to
translate even as my servant Joseph. Doc. and Cov. 6:18, 19, 25.

The Lord revealed to Joseph Smith, Jr., that John, the
beloved Disciple was given power over death, that he might
live and bring souls to Christ and to prophesy before na-
tions, kindreds, tongues and people until the coming of
Christ in his glory. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 7.)
Translated from parchment, written and hid up by himself (John).

And the Lord said unto me, John, my beloved, what deslrest
thou? For if ye shall ask, what you will, it shall be granted
unto you.

And 1 said unto him, Lord, give unto me power over death, that
t may live and bring, souls unto thee.

And the Lord said unto me. Verily, verily,' I say unto thee,
because thou deslrest this thou shalt tarry until I come in my
glory, and sbalt prophesy before nations, kindred, tongues and
people. Doc. and Cov. 7:1-3.

Oliver Cowdery was instructed by revelation through Jo-
seph Smith, Jr., to exercise great faith, that he might know
the mysteries of God, translate and receive knowledge from
ancient records. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 8.)

Ask that you may know the mysteries of God, and that you may
translate and receive knowledge from all those ancient records
which have been hid up, that are sacred, and according to your
faith shall it be done unto you. Doc. and Cov. 8:11.

As Oliver Cowdery did not translate, according to his
former desire, he was commanded to write for Joseph Smith,
Jr., until the translation of the Book of Mormon was

Behold, I say unto you, my son (Oliver Cowdery), that because
you did not translate according to that which you desired of me,
and did commence again to write for my servant, Joseph Smith,
Jr., even so I would that ye should continue until you have
finished this record, which I have entrusted unto him. Doc. and
Cov. 9:1.

May A revelation concerning the alteration of the fore-
part of the Book of Mormon was given to Joseph Smith, Jr.,
at Harmony. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 10.)

Verily, I say unto you. that I will not suffer that Satan shall
accomplish his evil design In this thing,

For, behold, he has put it into their hearts to get thee to tempt
the Lord thy God, in asking to translate it over again;

And then, behold, they say and think in their hearts, we will
see if God has given him power to translate, if so, he will also
give him power again;

And if God giveth him power again, or if he translates again, or
in other words, if he bringeth forth the same words, behold, we
have the same with us, and we have altered them:

Therefore, they will not agree, and we will say that he has lied
in his words, and that he has no gift, and that he has no
power. * * *

And now. because the account which is engraven upon the plates
of Nephi Is more particular concerning the things which, in my
wisdom. I would bring to the knowledge of the people In this

Therefore, you shall translate the engravings which are on the
plates of Nephi, down even till you come to the reign of king
Benjamin, or until you come to that which you have translated,
which you have retained:

And behold, you shall publish it as the record of Nephi, and thus
I will confound those who have altered my words. Doc. and Cov.
10:14-18: 40-42.

Joseph Smith, Jr., was visited by Joseph Knight, Sr.,
from Broome Co., N. Y., who brought him provisions. Mr.
Knight being anxious to know his duty in relation to the

work of God, Joseph Smith, Jr., enquired of the Lord and
received a revelation.

Now, as you have (Joseph Knight, Sr.) asked, behold, I say
unto you, keep my. commandments, and seek to bring forth and
establish the cause of Zion.

Behold, I speak unto you, and also to all those who have desires
to bring forth and establish this work.

And no one can assist in this work, except he shall be humble
and full of love, having faith, hope, and charity, being temperate
In all things, whatsoever shall be intrusted to his care. Doc and
Cov. 12:6-8.

Fri. 15 -While Joseph Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cowdery were
engaged in prayer in the woods, near Harmony, John the
Baptist descended as a messenger from heaven in a cloud
of light and ordained them to the Priesthood of Aaron and
commanded them to baptize and ordain each other. This
they did the same day. Immediately after being baptized,
the Holy Ghost fell upon them in great measure and both
prophesied. (See History of Joseph Smith.)

Words of the Angel, John, (the Baptist,) spoken to Joseph Smith,
Jr., and Oliver Cowdery, as he (the angel) laid his bunds upon
their heads and ordained them to the Aaronlc Priesthood, In
Harmon}', Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, May 15th, 1829.

Upon you my fellow servants. In the name of Messiah, I confer
the Priesthood of Aaron, which holds the keys of the ministering
of angels, and of the gospel of repentance, and of baptism by
immersion for the remission of sins; and this shall never be taken
again from the earth, until the sons of Levl do offer again an
offering unto the Lord in righteousness. Doc. and Cov. Sec. 13.

Mon. 25. Samuel Harrison Smith, who had come to visit
his brother Joseph at Harmony, was baptized by Oliver

A few days later Hyrum Smith visited Harmony to make
enquiries about the work of God, and received through his
brother Joseph a revelation, calling him to assist in the

Now, as you (Hyrum Smith) have asked, behold. I say unto you,
keep my commandments, and seek to bring forth and establish the
cause of Zion. Doc. and Cov. 11:6.

June. Joseph Smith, Jr., removed from Harmony, Pa., to
the home of Peter Whitmer, Sr., at Fayette, Seneca Co
N. Y., where he resided while finishing the translation of
the Book of Mormon. The Whitmer family was very kind
to Joseph, and John Whitmer rendered efficient aid as a

David Whitmer, John Whitmer and Peter Whitmer, Jr.,
being very desirous to know their respective duties, be-
sought Joseph Smith, Jr., to "enquire of the Lord concerning
them." He did so through the Urim and Thummim, and re-
ceived the revelations known as Sections 14, 15 and 16 of
the Doctrine and Covenants.

Hyrum Smith, David Whitmer and Peter Whitmer, Jr.,
were baptized in Seneca lake, near Fayette.

As Joseph Smith, Jr., progressed with the work of trans-
lation, he ascertained that three special witnesses "were to
be provided by the Lord" to see the plates and bear record
of the same. (Ether. 5:2-4.) Oliver Cowdery, David Whit-
mer and Martin Harris, being very desirous to "be these
three special witnesses," received the promise by revelation
through Joseph Smith, Jr., that they should "have a view
of the plates, and also of the breastplate, the sword of
Laban, the Urim and Thummim and the miraculous direc-

Revelation given through Joseph, the Seer, to Oliver Cowdery,
David Whitmer, and Martin Harris, In Fayette. Seneca County,
New York, June. 1829, given previous to their viewing the
plates containing the Book of Mormon.

Behold, I say unto you, that you must rely upon my word, which
if you do, with full purpose of heart, you shall have a view of the
plates, and also of the breastplate, the sword of Laban. the Urim
and Thummim, which were given to the brother of Jared upon the
mount, when he talked with the Lord face to face, and the miracu-
lous directors which were given to Lehi while In the wilderness,
on the borders of the Red Sea;

And it is by your faith that you shall obtain a view of them,
even by that faith which was had by the prophets of old.

And after that you have obtained faith, and have seen them with
your eyes, you shall testify of them, by the power of God;

And this you shall do that my servant, Joseph Smith, Jr.. may
not be destroyed, that I may bring about my righteous purposes
unto the children of men in this work.

And ye shall testify that you have seen them, even as my servant
Joseph Smith, Jr., has seen them, for It Is by my power that h
has seen them, and it Is because he had faith;

And he has translated the book, even that part which I have
commanded him, and as your Lord and your God liveth It Is true.

Wherefore you have received the same power, and the same
faith, and the same gift like unto him:

And if you do these last commandments of mine, which I have
given you, the gates of hell shall not prevail against you; for my
grace is sufficient for you, and you shall be lifted up at the last

And T, Jesus Christ, your Lord and your God, have spoken It
unto you, that I might bring about my righteous purposes unto the
children of men. Amen. Doc. and Cov. 17.

A few days later an angel showed the plates of the
Book of Mormon to the Three Witnesses.

Soon afterwards the plates were shown by Joseph
Smith, Jr., to Christian Whitmer, Jacob Whitmer, Peter
Whitmer, Jr., John Whitmer, Hiram Page, Joseph Smith,
Sr., Hyrum Smith and Samuel H. Smith, who subsequently
gave their testimony as the Eight Witnesses to the Book
of Mormon.

A revelation was given to Joseph Smith, Jr., Oliver
Cowdery and David Whitmer, "making known the calling
of Twelve Apostles in these last days," and containing "In-
structions relative to building up the Church of Christ, ac-
cording to the fulness of the gospel." (Doc. and Cov.,
Sec. 18. See "Council of Twelve Apostles.")

Joseph Smith, Jr.. and Oliver Cowdery being desirous to
obtain the Melchlsedek Priesthood which had been promised
them by John the Baptist, engaged in "solemn and fervent
prayer," at Fayette, when "the word of the Lord came,"



commanding them to ordain each other. But they were to
wait for this ordination till the others who had been bap-
tized assembled together.

1830. March. Martin Harris was commanded by revela-
tion through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Manchester, N. Y., to re-
pent of his sins. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 19.)

April. An important revelation on Priesthood and Church
government in general was given through Joseph Smith, Jr.
And again, by way of commandment to the church concerning the
manner of baptism.

All those who humble themselves before God, and desire to be
baptized and come forth with broken hearts and contrite spirits,
and witness before the church that they have truly repented of all
their sins, and are willing to take upon them the name of Jesus
Christ, having a determination to serve him to the end, and truly
manifest by their works that they have received of the Spirit of
Christ unto the remission of their sins, shall be received by baptism
Into his church.

The duty of the elders, priests, teachers, deacons, and members of
the church of Christ.

An apostle is an elder, and it is his calling to baptize.

And to ordain other elders, priests, teachers, and deacons.

And to administer bread and wine the emblems of the flesh and
blood of Christ

And to confirm those who are baptized into the church, by the
laying on of hands for the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost,
according to the scriptures;

And to teach, expound, exhort, baptize, and watch over the

And to confirm the church by the laying on of the hands, and
the giving of the Holy Ghost.

And to take the lead of all meetings.

The elders are to conduct the meetings as they are led by the
Holy Ghost, according to the commandments and revelations of

The priest's duty Is to preach, teach, expound, exhort, and bap-
tize, and administer the sacrament.

And visit the house of each member, and exhort them to pray
vocally and in secret, and attend to all family duties;

And he may also ordain other priests, teachers, and deacons.

And he Is to take the lead of meetings when there is no elder

But when there is an elder present, he is only to preach, teach,
expound, exhort, and baptize.

And visit the house of each member, exhorting them to pray
vocally and in secret, and attend to all family duties.

In all these duties the priest Is to assist the elder if occasion

The teacher's duty is to watch over the church always, and be
with and strengthen them,

And see that there is no iniquity in the church neither hardness
with each other neither lying, backbiting, nor evil speaking;

And see that the church meet together often, and also see that
all the members do their duty;

And he is to take the lead of meetings in the absence of the
elder or priest

And is to be assisted always, in all his duties in the church, by
the deacons, if occasion requires;

But neither teachers nor deacons have authority to baptize, ad-
minister the sacrament, or lay on hands:

They are, however, to warn, expound, exhort, and teach and
Invite all to come unto Christ.

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 273 of 293)