Frank Ellwood Esshom.

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Every elder, priest, teacher, or deacon, is to be ordained according
to the gifts and callings of God unto him; and he is to be ordained
by the power of the Holy Ghost, which is hi the one who ordains

The several elders, composing this church of Christ are to meet
In conference once in three months, or from time to time as said
conferences shall direct or appoint;

And said conferences are to do whatever church business is neces-
sary to be done at the time.

The elders are to receive their licenses from other elders, by vote
of the church to which they belong, or from the conferences.

Each priest, teacher, or deacon, who is ordained by a priest may
take a certificate from him at the time, which certificate when
presented to an elder, shall entitle him to a license, which shall
authorize him to perform the duties of his calling, or he may receive
It from a conference.

No person is to be ordained to any office in this church, where
there is a regularly organized branch of the same, without the vote
of that church;

But the presiding elders, traveling bishops. High Counselors, High
Priests, and elders, may have the privilege of ordaining, where there
Is no branch of the church that a vote may be called.

Every President of the High Priesthood (or presiding elder),
bishop. High Counselor, and High Priest, is to be ordained by the
direction of a High Council or general conference.
The duty of the membevs after they are received by baptism.

The elders or priests are to have a sufficient time to expound all
things concerning the church of Christ to their understanding,
previous to their partaking of the sacrament and being confirmed
by the laying on of the hands of the elders, so that all things
may be done in order.

And the members shall manifest before the church, and also
before the elders, by a Godly walk and conversation, that they are

worthy of It. that there may be works and faith agreeable to the
Holy Scriptures walking in holiness before the Lord.

Every member of the church of Christ having children. Is to
bring them unto the elders before the church, who are to lay their
hands upon them in the name of Jesus Christ, and bless them in
his name.

No one can be received into the church of Christ, unless he hao
arrived unto the years of accountability before God, and is capable
of repentance.

Baptism is to be administered in the following manner unto all
those who repent;

The person who is called of God, and has authority from Jesus
Christ to baptize, shall go down into the water with the person who
has presented him or herself for baptism, and shall say, calling
him or her by name Having been commissioned of Jesus Christ. I
baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the
Holy Ghost. Amen.

Then shall he immerse him or her in the water, and come forth
again out of the water.

It Is expedient that the church meet together often to partake of
bread and wine in the remembrance of the Lord Jesus;

And the elder or priest shall administer it: and after this manner
shall he administer it he shall kneel with the church and call
upon the Father in solemn prayer, saying

O God, the eternal Father, we ask thee In the name of thy Son,
Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all
those who partake of it, that they may eat in remembrance of the
body of thy Son. and witness unto thee. O God, the eternal Father,
that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and
always remember him and keep his commandments which he has
given them, that they may always have his Spirit to be with them.

The manner of administering the wine. He shall take the cup
also, and say

O God. the eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son,
Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this wine to the souls of all
those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the
blood of thy Son, which was shed for them: that they may witness
unto thee, O God, the eternal Father, that they do always remember
him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them. Amen.

Any member of the church of Christ transgressing, or being over-
taken in a fault, shall be dealt with as the scriptures direct.

It shall be the duty of the several churches composing the church
of Christ, to send one or more of their teachers to attend the
several conferences held by the elders of the church.

With a list of the names of the several members uniting them-
selves with the church since the last conference, or send by the
hand of some priest, so that a regular list of all the names of the
whole church may be kept in a book by one of the elders, whoever
the other elders shall appoint from time to time;

And also if any have been expelled from the church, so that their
names may be blotted out of the general church record of names.

All members removing from the church where they reside, if
going to a church where they are not known, may take a letter,
certifying that they are regular members and In good, standing,
which certificate may' be signed by any elder or priest, if the member
receiving the letter is personally acquainted with the elder or
priest, or it may be signed by the teachers or deacons of the church.
Doc. and Cov. 20:37-84.

. Tues. 6. The Church (afterwards named by revelation the
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) was organized
according to the laws of the State of New York, in the
house of Feter Whitmer, Sr., at Fayette. Seneca Co., N. Y.,
with six members, namely, Joseph Smith, Jr., Oliver Cow-
dery, Hyrum Smith, Peter Whitmer, Jr., Samuel H. Smith
and David Whitmer. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cow-
dery ordained each other Elders the first Elders in the
Church according to commandment from God. They then
laid hands on all the baptized members present, "that they
might receive the gift pf the Holy Ghost and be confirmed
members of the Church." The Holy Ghost was poured out
upon them "to a very great degree." Some prophesied and
"all praised the Lord and rejoiced exceedingly."

The rise of the church of Christ in these last days, being one
thousand eight hundred and thirty years since the coming of our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in the flesh, it being regularly
organized and established agreeable to the laws of our country, by
the will and commandments of God. in the fourth month, and on
the sixth day of the month which is called April;

Which commandments were given to Joseph Smith. Jr., who was
called of God. and ordained an apostle of Jesus Christ, to be the
first elder of this church;

And to Oliver Cowdery, who was also called of God, an apostle of
Jesus Christ, to be the second elder of this church, and ordained
under his hand. Doc. and Cov. 20:1-3.

The Church was commanded by revelation to keep a
record, and Joseph Smith, Jr.. was named by the Lord a
Seer, a Revelator, a Prophet, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, etc.
(Doc. and Cov., Sec. 20.)

Behold there shall be a record kept among you, and in It thou
shalt be called a seer, a translator, a prophet, an apostle of JPSUS
Christ, an elder of the church through the will of God the Father,
and the grace of your Lord Jesus Christ.

From Revelation to Joseph Smith, Jr., given at Fayette, New York,
April 6, 1830. (See Doc. and Cov. ::i :l.)

Continuation of Church Chronology and History on page 1286.


The Lineal Ancestry of Joseph Smith Jr., Prophet, Seer and Revelntor, and Hyrum Smith. Patriarch of the Church of Jesus

Christ of Latter-day Saints

ROBERT SMITH immigrated in the year 1638 from England;
the exact location is unknown. He married Mary French
and settled in that part of Rowley, in Essex County, Mass.,
which afterwards became the township of Boxford. He was
the father of ten children.

SAMUEL, the fifth child and third son of Robert, was born
January 26, 1666. He moved to Topsfield where he became
an influential citizen. He married Rebecca Curtis, daugh-
ter of John Curtis. They had nine children. He died July
12, 1748.

SAMUEL, the third child and oldest son of Samuel was born
in Topsfleld January 26, 1714. He married Priscilla Gould,
daughter of Zaccheus Gould. They had five children. He
was known as Captain Samuel Smith and served his country
during the Revolutionary war. He was also a delegate to
the Provincial Congress in 1774 and again in 1775 and was
chairman of the tea committee in 1773. In 1764-70 and in
1772, '77, '78 and '81, he was representative to the General
Court and served on the Committee of Safety for a number
of years.

ASAEL, the youngest child and second son of Samuel 2 , was
born in Topsfield March 7, 1744; died October 31, 1830 in
Stockholm, N. T. He had eleven children and was the
father of Joseph Smith the first Presiding Patriarch of the
Church. He served in the American army during the Revo-
lutionary war. He married Mary Duty.

JOSEPH, third child and second son of Asael, was born in
Topsfield, July 12, 1771. He moved to Tunbridge. Vt., In
1791. In 1816, he moved to New York and settled in Man-
chester. He was one of the six original members of the
church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, organized April
6, 1830. In 1833, he was called to the office of Presiding
Patriarch of the Church. He married January 24, 1796, Lucy
Mack, daughter of Solomon and Lydia (Gates) Mack. They
had ten children, seven sons, three daughters, and were the
parents of the Prophet Joseph and Patriarch Hyrum Smith.

HYRUM, second son of Joseph, Sr., was born February 9,
1800 and was martyred with his brother Joseph Smith the
Prophet at Carthage, 111.. June 27, 1844. He married (first
Jerusha Harden and (second) Mary Fielding.

Issue by first marriage: Lovina, b. Sept. 16, 1827; d. Oct.
8, 1876; m. Lorin Walker. Mary, b. June 27, 1829, d. May 29,
1832. John. b. Sept. 22, 1832, d. Nov. 6, 1911; m. Helen
Fisher. Hyrum, b. April 27, 1834; d. Sept. 21, 1841. Jerusha,
b. Jan. 13, 1836; m. William Pierce. Sarah, b. Oct. 2, 1837, d.
Nov. 1876; m. Charles E. Griffin.

Issue by second marriage: Joseph Fielding (subject of this
sketch), b. Nov. 13, 1838. Martha Ann, b. May 14, 1841; m.
William J. Harris. Married Catherine Phillips (daughter of
Thomas Denner Phillips and Sarah Godshall) Aug. 1843,
Nauvoo, III. She was born Aug. 1, 1819, Philadelphia, Pa.

Joseph Fielding Smith's Genealogy, page 1168.

SMITH, JOSEPH, Jr., (Son of Joseph Smith and Lucy
Mack.) Born Dec. 23, 1805, Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont.

Married Emma Hale Jan. 18, 1827, at South Bainbridge,
Chenango Co., N. Y. (daughter of Isaac Hale of Harmony,

Susquehanna Co., Pa.) Their children: Joseph; Frederick
G. W. ; Alexander; Don Carlos; David H. The last named
was born about five months after the assassination of his

Married Helen Mar Kimball (daughter of Heber Chase
Kimball and Vilate Murray). The authority for this state-
ment is on page 339 of the "Life of Heber C. Kimball." by
Orson F. Whitney. This author says, "Soon after the reve-
lation (see revelation on celestial marriage, written July 12,
1843, page 1304. * * * Helen Mar, the eldest daughter of
Heber Chase and Vilate Murray Kimball, was given to the
Prophet in the holy bonds of celestial marriage."

In 1905. there was issued from the press of the Deseret
News at Salt Lake City, Utah, a publication entitled "Blood
Atonement and the Origin of Plural Marriage." In the first
part of this publication, is the "Correspondence between
Elder Joseph F. Smith, Jr., of the Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints, and Richard C. Evans, second counselor in
the Presidency of the 'Reorganized' Church." Following
this correspondence on page 81 under the heading "Intro-
duction of Celestial and Plural Marriage," are a number of
affidavits, among them, those of Lorenzo Snow, Elizabeth Ann
Whitney, Sarah A. Kimball, Catherine Phillips Smith, Martha
McBride Kimball, and Melissa Lott Willes, setting forth the-
following marriages of Joseph Smith, Jr.

Married Louisa Beaman, April 5, 1841, at Nauvoo. 111.

Married Sarah Ann Whitney, July 27, 1842, at Nauvoo. 111.
(daughter of Newell K. and Elizabeth Ann Whitney).

Married Martha McBride, 1842.

Married Rhoda Richards, June 12, 1843. at Nauvoo, 111.

Married Almira W. Johnson, 1843 (daughter of Ezekiel
Johnson and Julia Hilla).

Married Lucy Walker, May 1, 1843.

Married Melissa Lott, Sept. 20, 1843 (daughter of Cornelius
P. Lott).

Married Eliza R. Snow (sister of Lorenzo Snow, fifth
president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).

Married Eliza Partridge.

Married Emily Partridge.

Married Maria Lawrence.

Married Sarah Lawrence.

The "Life of Heber C. Kimball" by Orson F. Whitney (see
page 431 of that book) is the authority for the following
marriages of Joseph Smith, Jr.

Married Prescinda Huntington

Married Mary Houston.

Married Sylvia P. Sessions.

Married Nancy Maria Smith.

Married Sarah Scott.

On page 81 of "Blood Atonement and the Origin of Plural
Marriage," the following statement is made: "One hundred
or more affidavits in relation to the introduction of celestial
and plural marriage are on file in the Historian's office, Salt
Lake City, and are expressions of eye and ear witnesses,
who know that the Prophet Joseph Smith introduced and
taught celestial and plural marriage. Most of these wit-
nesses are members of the Church, but some of them are not.
and have not been connected with the Church from before
the martyrdom of the Prophet and Patriarch."





Son of Joseph Smith and Lucy Mack (the daughter of Solo-
mon Mack and Lydia Gates). Born Monday, Dec. 23, 1805,
Sharon, Windsor Co.. Vermont. Prophet and founder of the
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Martyred with
his brother Hyrum Smith at Carthage, 111., June 27, 1844.


Son of Joseph Smith and Lucy Mack (the daughter of Solo-
mon Mack and Lydia Gatea). Born Feb. 9, 1800. Martyred
with his brother Joseph Smith the Prophet at Carthage, 111.,
June 27, 1844. Father of Joseph Fielding Smith, president
of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was or-
ganized with six members, April 6, 1830, at a meeting held at
Fayette, Seneca Co., N. Y.

The general authorities of the Church consists of (1) The
First Presidency; (2) The Council of Twelve Apostles; (3)
Presiding Patriarch; (4) The First Council of Seventies;
(5) The Presiding Bishopric; (6) Church Historians.


Joseph Smith the Prophet, "who was called of God and or-
dained an Apostle of Jesus Christ, to be the first Elder of
this Church" was the first President of the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints. For nearly three years after its
organization he acted without Counselors, but close by his
side and associated with him in nearly all his administra-
tions, stood Oliver Cowdery, "who was called of God, an
Apostle of Jesus Christ, to be the second Elder of this
Church, and ordained under his (Joseph's) hand."

"Which commandments were given to Joseph Smith, Jr., who was
called of God. and ordained an apostle of Jesus Christ, to be the
first elder of this church; and to Oliver Cowdery, who was also called
of God, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to be the second elder of this
church, and ordained under his hand." Doc. and Cov. 20:2-3.

March 18. 1833, agreeable to a revelation given March 8,
1833, the Prophet Joseph ordained Sidney Rigdon to be his
first, and Frederick G. Williams to be his second, Counselor.

"And again, verily I say unto thy brethren, Sidney Rigdon and
Frederick G. Williams, their sins are forgiven them also, and they
are accounted as equal with thee in holding the keys of this last
Kingdom." Doc. and Cov. 90:6.

Prior to this, at a Conference held at Amherst, Lorain Co.,
Ohio, Jan. 25, 1832, Joseph the Prophet had been acknowl-
edged as President of the High Priesthood. A similar action
was taken at a General Council, held April 26, 1832, at Inde-
pendence. Jackson Co., Mo.

At an Important Conference held at Far West, Caldwell Co.,

Mo., Nov. 7, 1837, Frederick G. Williams was rejected as a
Counselor to Pres. Smith, charges having previously been
made against him at a Conference held at Kirtland, Ohio,
Sept. 3, 1837. On the same occasion Hyrum Smith was ap-
pointed his successor by unanimous vote. Hyrum Smith
filled his position with honor and ability, until some time
after the demise of his father, Joseph Smith, Sr., who died
at Nauvoo, 111., Sept. 14, 1840.

In a revelation given through Joseph the Prophet at
Nauvoo, Jan. 19, 1841, Hyrum Smith was called to take the
office of Patriarch to the Church, as his father's successor 1 .
In the same revelation William Law was called to succeed
Hyrum Smith 2 as second Counselor to Pres. Joseph Smith.
William Law occupied this position until April 18, 1844, when
he, together with others, who like himself had apostatized,
were excommunicated from the Church.

"And again, verily r say unto you; Let my servant William (Law)
be appointed, ordained, and anointed, as a counselor unto my servant
Joseph, in the room of my servant Hyrum, that my servant Hyrum
may take the office of Priesthood and 2 JPatriarch, which was ap-
pointed unto him by his father, by blessing and also by right."
Doc. and Cov. 124:91.

"Let him assist my servant Joseph; and also let my servant
William Law assist my servant Joseph, in making a 2s solemn procla-
mation unto the kings of the earth, even as I have before said unto
you." Doc. and Cov. 124:107.

Joseph the Prophet was martyred at Carthage, 111., June 27,
1844, when the responsibility of presiding over the Church
fell upon the Twelve Apostles. They constituted the pre-
siding Council of the Church till Dec. 5, 1847, when an import-
ant council meeting was held at the house of Apostle Orson
Hyde. On this occasion Brigham Young was unanimously
elected President of the Church, with authority to choose his
Counselors, which he did by naming Heber C. Kimball for
his first and Willard Richards for his second Counselor. The
following Apostles attended this council meeting: Brigham
Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, Willard Richards,
Wilford Woodruff, Geo. A. Smith, Amasa M. Lyman and Ezra
T. Benson. These transactions on the part of the Twelve



were ratified by The Church at a conference held In the Log
Tabernacle, at Council Bluffs, Iowa, Dec. 27, 1847, and at the
general conference held in Great Salt Lake valley, Oct. 8, 1848.

Counselor Willard Bichards died of dropsy in Great Salt
Lake City, March 11, 1854. At the general conference, held
April 6, 1854, Jedediah M. Grant was called to nil the va-
cancy thus created.

Counselor Jedediah M. Grant died Dec. 1, 1856, and Daniel
H. Wells succeeded him as second Counselor to Pres. Brig-
ham Young, being ordained and set apart to that position,
Jan. 4, 1857. Daniel H. Wells acted in that capacity till the
death of Pres. Young.

Counselor Heber C. Kimball died June 22, 1868, in Salt Lake
City. The vacancy occasioned thereby was filled by the ap-
pointment of George A. Smith to the position of first Coun-
selor in the First Presidency. He served in that capacity
until his death, which occurred in Salt Lake City, Sept 1,
1875. John W. Young succeeded him as first Counselor,
being sustained as such by the general conference held Oct.
8, 1876.

Pres. Brigham Young died in Salt Lake City, Aug. 29, 1877,
after which the Twelve Apostles again presided over the
Church, continuing to do so for three years, or until the gen-
eral conference held in Salt Lake City in October, 1880, when
the First Presidency was organized, for the third time, by
the appointment of John Taylor as President, with Geo.
Q. Cannon as his first and Joseph F. Smith as his second

Pros. John Taylor died at Kaysville, Davis Co., Utah, July
25, 1887, after which the Twelve Apostles presided over the
Church till the general conference, held In Salt Lake City,
in April, 1889, on which occasion a First Presidency was
again organized, consisting of Wilford Woodruff, President;
Geo. Q. Cannon, first Counselor; and Joseph F. S'mith, second

Pres. Wilford Woodruff died in San Francisco. Cal., Sept.
2, 1898. At an important council meeting of the Apostles


held In Salt Lake City, Sept. 13, 1898, the First Presidency
was once more organized, as follows: Lorenzo Snow, Presi-
dent; Geo. Q. Cannon, first Counselor; Joseph F. Smith, sec-
ond Counselor.

Counselor George Q. Cannon died April 12, 1901, at Monte-
rey, California; and on Oct. 7th of the same year, Joseph F.
Smith was sustained as first and Rudger Clawson as second
Counselor to President Snow.

President Lorenzo Snow died at Salt Lake City Oct. 10,
1901; and on the 17th of the same month, the First Presi-
dency was reorganized with Joseph F. Smith as President,
and John R. Winder, first, and Anthon H. Lund, second Coun-

Counselor John R. Winder died March 27, 1910, at Salt Lake
City; and on the 7th of the next month, John Henry Smith
was chosen second Counselor Anthon H. Lund becoming
first Counselor to President Joseph F. Smith.

Counselor John Henry Smith died Oct. 13, 1911, at Salt
Lake City: and Charles W. Penrose was chosen to succeed
him as second Counselor in the First Presidency Dec. 7, 1911.

By the foregoing it will be seen that six Apostles, namely,
Joseph Smith, Brigham Young. John Taylor, Wilford Wood-
ruff, Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith, have filled the ex-
alted position of President of the Church; seven (Sidney
Rigdon, Heber C. Kimball, Geo. A. Smith, John W. Young,
Geo. Q. Cannon. Joseph F. Smith and Anthon H. Lund) have
acted as first Counselors; and ten (Frederick G. Williams,
Hyrum Smith, William Law, Willard Richards, Jedediah M.
Grant. Daniel H. Wells, Joseph F. Smith, Rudger Clawson,
John Henry Smith and Chas. W. Penrose) as second Coun-
selors in the First Presidency, since the first organization of
the Council In 1833.


In a revelation, given through Joseph the Prophet, in
June. 1829, at Fayette, Seneca Co., N. Y.. the Lord made
known that Twelve Apostles should be called in this dis-

"And now, behold, there are others who are called to declare my
gospel, both unto Gentile and unto Jew;

"Yea, even Twelve, and the Twelve shall be my disciples, and
they shall take upon them my name; and the Twelve are they who
shall desire to take upon them my name with full purpose of heart;

"And if they desire to take upon them my name with full purpose
of heart, they are called to go into all the world to preach my gospel
unto every creature.

"And now, behold, t give unto you Oliver Cowdery, and also unto
David TVhitmer, that you shall search out the Twelve, who shall
have the desires of which I have spoken;

"And by their desires and their works you shall know them. Doc.
and Cov. 18:26-28; 37-3S.

Nearly six years later, on Feb. 14, 1835, at a special meet-
ing, held at Kirtland, Ohio, Joseph the Prophet, in accord-
ance with that revelation, blessed Oliver Cowdery, David
Whitmer and Martin Harris, the Three Witnesses to the
Book of Mormon, to select twelve men who should consti-
tute the Council of Twelve Apostles. They were chosen by
the Three Witnesses in the following order: Lyman B.
Johnson, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde,
David W. Patten, Luke S Johnson, Wm. B. McLellin,
John F. Boynton, Orson Pratt, William Smith, Thos. B.
Marsh and Parley F. Pratt. Most of these brethren the
previous year (1834) had proved their faithfulness and in-
tegrity to the Church as members of Zion's Camp, which
journeyed from Kirtland, Ohio, to Missouri and back, sub-
ject to much suffering and many privations. They were
ordained to the Apostleship by Joseph Smith, Oliver Cow-
dery, David Whitmer and Martin Harris as follows: Lyman

E. Johnson, Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball on Feb.
14, 1835; Orson Hyde, David W. Patten, Luke S. Johnson,
Wm. B. McLellin, John F. Boynton and William Smith on the
following day, Feb. 15th; Parley P. Pratt on Feb. 21st; and
Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Pratt, who had been absent on
missions, in April, 1835. At a grand council, held at Kirt-
land, Ohio, May 2, 1835, at which the First Presidency was
In attendance, the Twelve were arranged according to their
age, after which they stood as follows, commencing with the
eldest: Thomas B. Marsh, David W. Patten, Brigham Young,
Heber C. Kimball, Orson. Hyde. William E. McLellin, Parley

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 274 of 293)