Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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And if any one offend openly, he or she shall be rebuked openly,
that he or she may be ashamed. And if he or she confess not,
he or she shall be delivered up unto the law of God.

If any shall offend In secret, he or she shall be rebuked In secret,
that he or she may have opportunity to confres In secret to him
or her whom he or she has offended, and to God, that the church
may not speak reproachfully of him or her.

And thus shall ye conduct In all things. Doc. and Cov. Sec. 42.

Mon. 14. Oliver Cowdery. Parley P. Pratt, Ziba Peterson,
Peter Whitmer, Jr., and Frederick G. Williams (who had
joined the mission at Kirtland, Ohio) held a council at Inde-
pendence, Mo., and decided that Parley P. Pratt should re-
turn to the East to report their labors to the heads of the

A woman, who pretended to receive commandments, laws
and other "curious matters," visited Joseph Smith, Jr., who
inquired of the Ix>rd and received a revelation In which
God said that none but Joseph would be appointed to re-
ceive revelations and commandments, as long as he lived
and remained faithful.

For behold, verily, verily, T say .unto you, that ye have received
a commandment for a law unto my church, through him {Joseph
Smith, Jr.) whom I have appointed unto you, to recelre com-
mandments and revelations from my hand.

And this ye shall know assuredly that there Is none other
appointed unto you to receive commandments and revelations until
he be taken, If he abide in me.

But verily, verily, I say unto you, that none else shall be
appointed unto this gift except it be through him. for (f It be
taken from him. he shall not have power except t appoint
another In his stead;

And this shall be a law unto you, that ye receive not the teach-



Ings of any that shall come before you as revelations or com-

And this I give unto you that you may not be deceived, that
you may know they are not of me.

For verily I say unto you, that he that is ordained of me shall
come in at the gate and be ordained as I have told you before, to
teach those revelations which you have received, and shall receive
through him whom I have appointed. Doc. and Cov. 43:2-7.

A revelation instructing the Elders who had gone on
missions to assemble at Kirtland in June following was
given to Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon, at Kirtland.
(Doc. and Cov., Sec. 44.)

March. Mon. 7. An important revelation concerning the
salvation of man and the calamities of the last days was
given through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Kirtland. The Saints
were also commanded to gather means wherewith to pur-
chase a land of inheritance on which to build a New Jerusa-
lem. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 45.)

Wherefore T. the Lord, have said, gather ye out from the eastern
lands, assemble ye yourselves together ye elders of my church;
go ye forth into the western countries, call upon the inhabitants to
repent, and inasmuch as they do repent, build up churches unto me;

And with one heart and with one mind, gather up your riches
that ye may purchase an inheritance which shall hereafter be
appointed unto you.

And It shall be called the New Jerusalem, a land of peace, a
city of refuge, a place of safety for the saints of the most High
God; * Doc. and Cov. 45:64-66.

Tuea. 8. A revelation was given through Joseph Smith,
Jr., at Kirtland, relative to the gifts of the Holy Ghost, and
John Whitmer was called by revelation to be Church His-
torian. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 46.)

Revelation to Joseph Smith. Jr., and John Wbitmer. given in
Kirtland, Ohio. March 8th. 1831.

Behold, it is expedient in me that my servant John should write
and keep a regular history, and assist you. my servant Joseph, in
transcribing all things which shall be given you, until he is called
to further duties.

Again, verily I say unto you, that he can also lift up his voice
In meetings, whenever it shall be expedient.

And again, I say unto you, that it shall be appointed unto him
to keep the church record and history continually, for Oliver Cow-
dery I have appointed to another office.

Wherefore it shall be given him, inasmuch as he is faithful, by
the Comforter, to write these things. Even so. Amen. Doc. and
Cov. Sec. 47.

Later In Mar'ch, the Saints were commanded by revelation
to save their money to purchase land for an inheritance;
and Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and Lemon Copley were
called by revelation to preach the gospel to the Quakers.
(Doc. and Cov., Sec. 48 and 49.)

Revelation given through Joseph, the Seer, at Kirtland, Ohio,
March. 1831.

It is necessary that ye should remain for the present time in
your places of abode, as it shall be suitable to your circumstances;

And inasmuch as ye have lands, ye shall impart to the eastern

And inasmuch as ye have not lands, let them buy for the present
time in those regions round about as seemeth them good, for it
must needs be necessary that they have places to live for the
present time.

It must needs be necessary, that ye save all the money that ye
can, and that ye obtain all that ye can in righteousness, that in
time ye may be enabled to purchase land for an inheritance, even
the city.

The place Is not yet to be revealed, but after your brethren
come from the east, there are to be certain men appointed, and to
them it shall be given to know the place, or to them it shall be

And they shall be appointed to purchase the lands, and to make
a commencement to lay the foundation of the city; and then shall
ye begin to be gathered with your families, every man according:
to his family, according to his circumstances, and as is appointed
to him r>y the Presidency and the bishop of the church, according-
to the laws and commandments which ye have received, and which
ye shall hereafter receive. Even so. Amen. Doc. and Cov. Sec. 48.

Hearken unto my word, my servants Sidney, and Parley, and
Lemon, for behold, verily I say unto you, that T give unto you a
commandment that you shall go and preach my gospel which ye
have received, even as ye have received it. unto the Shakers.
Doc. and Cov. 49:1.

April. Joseph Smith, Jr., continued to translate the Scrip-

May. As a number of Elders did not understand the dif-
ferent spirits -which manifested themselves at the time,
Joseph Smith, Jr., inquired of the Lord and received a rev-
elation. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 50.)

The Saints from the State of New York and other places
commenced to gather to Kirtland, Ohio, and vicinity; and Ed-
ward Partridge was appointed by revelation through Joseph
Smith. Jr., to locate them for a short time at Thompson,
Geauga Co., Ohio, agreeable to the principles of the United

Revelation given through Joseph, the Seer. In Thompson, C.eanga
County, Ohio, May. 1831.

Hearken unto me. saith the Lord your God, and I will speak
unto my servant Edward Partridge, and give unto him directions,
for it must needs be that he receive directions how to organize this

For It must needs be that they be organized according to my
laws if otherwise, they will be cut off:

Wherefore let my servant Edward Partridge, and those whom he
has chosen, in whom I am well pleased, appoint unto this people
their portion, every man equal according to their families, according
to their circumstances, and their' wants and needs.

And let my servant Edward Partridge, when he shall appoint
a man his portion, give unto him a writing that shall secure unto
him his portion, that he shall hold it, even this right and this
inheritance In the church, until he transgresses and is not accounted
worthy by the voice of the church, according to the laws and
covenants of the church, to belong to the church;

And if he shall transgress and is not accounted worthy to belong
to the church, he shall not have power to claim that portion which
he has consecrated unto the bishop for the poor and needy of my
church: therefore, he shall not retain the gift, but shall only have
claim on that portion that is deeded unto him.

And thus all things shall be made sure, according to the laws
of the land.

And let that which belongs to this people be appointed unto this

And the money which is left unto this people, let there be an
agent appointed unto this people, to take the money to provide
food and raiment, according to the wants of this people.

And let every man deal honestly, and be alike among this people,
and receive alike, that ye may be one, even as I have commanded

And let that which helongeth to this people not be taken and
given unto that of another church:

Wherefore, if another church would receive money of this church,
let them pay unto this church again according as they shall agree;

And this shall be done through the bishop or the agent, which
shall be appointed by the voice of the church.

And again, let the bishop appoint a storehouse unto this church,
and let all things both In money and in meat, which Is more than
is needful for the want of this people, be kept In the hands of the

And let him also reserve unto himself for his own wants, and for
the wants of his family, as he shall be employed in doing this

And thus T grant unto this people a privilege of organizing
themselves according to my laws;

And I consecrate unto them this land for a little season, until
T, the Lord, shall provide for them otherwise, and command them
to go hence;

And the hour and the day is not given unto them, wherefore let
them act upon this land as for years, and this shall turn unto
them for their good.

Behold, this shall be an example unto my servant Edward
Partridge, in other places, in all churches. Doc. and Cov. 51:1-18.

June. Mon. 6. The fourth conference of the Church was
held at Kirtland, Ohio, on which occasion several brethren
were called by revelation to the office of High Priests.
This was the first occasion in which this office in the Priest-
hood was fully revealed and conferred upon any of the
Elders in this dispensation.

Tues. 7. Joseph Smith and ahout thirty other Elders were
called by revelation to go to Missouri and preach the gos-
pel by the way. (Doe. and Cov. Sec. 52.)

Later in June a revelation was given through Joseph
Smith. Jr., at Kirtland, to Algernon Sidney Gilbert. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 53.)

The Saints in Thompson, Ohio, were commanded by rerela-
tion to remove to Missouri. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 54.)

Wherefore, go to now and flee the land, lest your enemies come
upon you: and take your .journey, and appoint whom you will to
be your leader, and to pay monies for you.

And thus you shall take your journey into the regions westward,
unto the land of the Missouri, unto the borders of the Lamanites.

And after you have done journeying, behold, r say unto you, seek
ye a living like unto men. until I prepare a place for you. Doc.
and Cov. 54:7-9.

The Elders, in obedience to revelation, began to take their
departure for the western country two and two.

About the middle of the month, Wm. W. Phelps arrived at
Kirtland with his family. He was commanded by revelation
to receive the fullness of the gospel, and then to assist in
writing and printing for the Church, and also accompany
the Prophet Joseph and Sidney Rigdon to Missouri.

And again, you (William W. Phelps) shall be ordained to assist
my servant Oliver Cowdery to do the work of printing, and of
selecting, and writing books for schools in this church, that little
children also may receive instruction before me as is pleasing unto

And again, verily I say unto you. for this cause you shall take
your journey with my servants Joseph Smith. Jr.. and Sidney
Rigdon. that you may be planted In the land of your inheritance
to do this work. Doc. and Cov. 55:4-5.

Thomas B. Marsh and others were commanded by revela-
tion through the Prophet Joseph to go to Missouri. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 56.)

Sun. 19. Joseph Smith, Jr.. Sidney Rigdon, Martin Har-
ris. Edward Partridge, Wm. W. Phelps. Joseph Coe and A.
S. Gilbert and wife left Kirtland, Ohio, for Missouri.

July. About the middle of this month Joseph Smith, Jr.,
and his companions arrived at Independence. Jackson Co.,
Mo. The first Sabbath after their arrival Wm. W. Pholos
preached to a western audience, over the boundary line at
the United States. The following week the Colesville
branch arrived. The Lord revealed the location of the
New Jerusalem and the spot upon which the Temple was to
be built. (Doc. and Cov.,- Sec. 57.)

And thus saith the Lord youc God. if you will receive wisdom,
here is wisdom. Behold, the place which is now called Indepen-
dence, is the center place, and a spot for the temple is lying west-
ward, upon a lot which Is not far from the court house;
Doc. and Cov. 57:3.

August. Mon. 1. A revelation, directing the Saints how
to locate in the land of Zion, was given in Jackson County.
(Doc. and Cov., Sec. 58.)

Let no man break the laws of the land, for he that keepeth
the laws of God hath no need to break the laws of the land:

Wherefore, be subject to the powers that be. until He reigns .
whose right it Is to reign, and subdues all enemies under his feet.

Behold, the laws which ye have received from my hand are
the laws of the church, and in this light ye shall hold them forth.
Behold, here is wisdom. * * *

And also, this Is a law unto every man that comfth unto this
land, to receive an Inheritance; and he shall do with his monies
according as the law directs.

And It Is wisdom also, that there should be lands purchased In
Independence, for the place of the store-house, and also for the
house of the printing. *

And let there he an agent appointed by the voice of the church,
unto the church in Ohio, to receive monies to purchase lands in Zlon.

And I give unto my servant, Sidney Rigdon. a commandment that
he shall write a description of the land of Zion, and a statement
of the will of God, as It shall be made known by the Spirit unto

And an epistle and subscription, to be presented unto all the
churches to obtain monies, to be put into the hands of the bishop
to purchase lands for an inheritance for the children of God. of
himself or the agent, as seemeth him good or as he shall direct.

For, behold, verily I say unto you, the Lord willeth that the
disciples, and the children of men should open their hearts, even



to purchase this whole region of country, as soon as time will

^BeViold, here Is wisdom. Let them do this lest they receive none
inheritance save it he by the shedding of blood. Doc. and Cov.
68:21-23; 36-37; 49-53.

Tues. 2. The Saints commenced erecting houses in Jack-
son County, the first log being laid in Kaw Township,
twelve miles southwest of Independence. The log was
carried and placed in position by twelve men, in honor of
the twelve tribes of Israel. On that occasion the land
of Zion was consecrated and dedicated by Elder Rigdon for
the gathering of the Saints.

Wed. 3. The spot for the Temple, a short distance west
of Independence, was dedicated in the presence of eight
brethren, among whom were Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rig-
don, Edward Partridge, Wm. W. Phelps, Oliver Cowdery,
Martin Harris and Joseph Coe.

Thurs. 4. The fifth conference of the Church, and the
first in the land of Zion, was held at the house of brother
Joshua Lewis, in Kaw Township, Jackson Co., Mo.,

Sun. 7. Polly Knight, wife of Joseph Knight, Sr., died
In Jackson County, Mo. This was the first death among
the Saints in that land. On the same day Joseph the
Prophet received a revelation about the Sabbath. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 59.)

But remember that on this the Lord's day, thou shall offer thine
oblations and thy sacraments unto the Most High, confessing thy
sins unto thy brethren, and before the Lord.

And on this day thou shall do none other thing, only lei thy
food be prepared with singleness of heart that thy fasting may
be perfect, or. In other words, that thy joy may be full.

Verily, this is fasting and prayer; or in olher words, rejoicing
and prayer.

And Inasmuch as ye do these Ihings wilh lhanksgiving, with
cheerful hearts and countenances; not with much laughter, for
this is sin, but with a glad heart and a cheerful countenance
* * Doc. and Cov. 59:12-15.

Mon. 8. A revelation, directing some of the brethren to
return to the East, was given through Joseph Smith, Jr., in
Jackson County.

But verily. I will speak unto you concerning your journey unto
the land from whence you came. Let there be a craft made, or
bought, as seemeth you good. It mattereth not unto me, and take
your journey speedily for the place which is called St. Louis.

And from thence let my servants Sidney Rigdon, and Joseph
Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cowdery. take their journey for Cincinnati;

And in this place let them lifl up their voice and declare my
word with loud voices, without wrath or doubling, lifting up holy
hands upon them. For I am able to make you holy, and your
elns are forgiven you.

And let the residue lake their journey from St. Louis, two by
two, and preach the word, nol in hasle, among the congregations
. of the wicked, until they return to the churches from whence
they came.

And all Ihis for the good of the churches; for this intent have
I sent them.

And let my servant Edward Parlridge imparl of Ihe money which
I have given him, a porlion unto mine elders who are commanded
to return; Doc. and Cov. 60:5-10.

Tues. 9. Joseph the Prophet, in company with ten Elders,
left Independence, Mo., In sixteen canoes, on their return to
Kirtland, Ohio.

Thurs. 11. The returning Elders reached McIIwair's Bend
(of the Missouri river) where Wm. Wj Phelps "saw in open
vision, by daylight, the Destroyer in his most horrible
power ride upon the face of the water; others heard the
noise, but saw not the vision."

Fri. 12. A revelation was given through Joseph Smith,
Jr., at McIIwair's Bend, about the cursing of the waters in
the last days. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 61.)

Sat. 13. Joseph Smith, Jr., and company met several of
the Elders on their way to the land of Zion. A revelation
was given to them through Joseph Smith, Jr., on the bank
of the Missouri river. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 62.)

Sat. 27. Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon and Oliver Cow-
dery arrive dat Kirtland, Ohio, from their visjt to Missouri.

Late in August, the Saints were commanded by revela-
tion, through Joseph the Prophet, to purchase lands in
Jackson County, Mo., and the future persecutions of the
Church were foreshadowed. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 63).

Verily, I say unto you, there are those among you who seek
signs, and there have been such even from the beginning:

But. behold, faith cometh not by signs, but signs follow those
that believe. * *

Nevertheless. I give commandments, and many have turned away
from my commandments and have not kept them. * * *

Nevertheless, I, Ihe Lord, renderelh unto Caesar Ihe things which
are Caesar's:

Wherefore, I the Lord, willeth lhal you should purchase the
lands that you may have advantage of the world, thai you may
have claim on Ihe world, that they may not be stirred up unto

For Satan putteth It Into their hearts to anger against you, and
to the shedding of blood;

Wherefore the land of Zion shall not be obtained but by purchase
or by blood, otherwise there is none inheritance for you.

And if by purchase, behold you are blessed:

And if by blood, as you are forbidden to shed blood, lo. your
enemies are upon you, and ye shall be scourged from city to city,
and from synagogue to synagogue, and but few shall stand to
receive an inheritance. Doc. and Cov. 63:8, 9, 13, 26-31.

September. Sun. 11. The Saints were commanded by
revelation through Joseph Smith, Jr., to forgive one an-
other; and the Lord, in speaking of the present time, said
it was a day of sacrifice and a day of tithing for His people.
(Doc. and Cov., SPC. 64. 1

Mon. 12. Joseph Smith, Jr., removed with his family
from Kirtland to Hiram, Portage Co.. Ohio, about thirty
miles from Kirtland, where he continued the translation of
the Biblp.

Ezra Booth, formerly a Methodist minister, came out as
an apostate.

A conference was held in Hiram, at which Wm. W. Phelps
was instructed to purchase a press and tyne. at Cincinnati,
Ohio, for the purpose of establishing and publishing a monthly

paper at Independence, Jackson Co., Mo., to be called the
Evening and Morning Star.

October. Early in this month the revelation on prayer
was given. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 65.)

Tues. 11. A conference was held at Father John John-
son's house, in Hiram, at which the Elders were instructed
about the ancient manner of holding meetings.

Tues. 25. An important conference was held at Orange,
Cuyahoga Co., Ohio. Wm. E. McLellin and Samuel H. Smith
were called by revelation through Joseph the Prophet to
preach the gospel. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 66.)

November. Tues. 1. At a special conference held at
Hiram, Oliver Cowdery was appointed to go to Inde-
pendence, Jackson Co., Mo., with the revelations which
Joseph the Prophet had received up to that time and get
them printed. The revelation known as the Preface to the
Doctrine and Covenants was given. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 1.)

Some of the brethren having criticised the language used
in some of the revelations, given through Joseph the
Prophet, the Lord gave the wisest among the Elders per-
mission to write a revelation like the least of those the
Prophet had received, on certain conditions. (See Doc. and
Cov., Sec. 67.)

_ Wm. E. McLellin, as the "wisest man in his own estima-
tion," failed in his attempt to write a revelation. (See
History of Joseph Smith.)

Thurs. 3. The revelation called the Appendix was given
through Joseph Smith, Jr. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 133.)

In a revelation given through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Hiram,
to Orson Hyde, Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson and
Wm. E. McLellin, the Lord explained the nature and author-
ity of the Aaronic Priesthood, the duties of parents towards
their children, etc. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 68.)

There remaineth hereafter, in the due time of the Lord, other
bishops to be sel aparl unlo the church, to minister even according
to the first;

Wherefore they shall be High Priests who are worthy, and they
shall be appointed by the First Presidency of the Melchisedek
Priesthood, except they be literal descendants of Aaron,

And if they be literal descendants of Aaron, they have a legal
right to the bishopric, if they are the firstborn among the sons of

For the firstborn holds the right of the presidency over this
priesthood, and the keys of authority of the same.

No man has a legal right to this office to hold the keys of this
priesthood, except he be a literal descendant and the firstborn of
Aaron ;

But as a High Priest of the Melchisedek Priesthood has authority
to officiate in all the lesser offices, he may officiate in the office
of bishop when no literal descendant of Aaron can be found,
provided he is called, and set apart and ordained unto this power
under the hands of the First Presidency of the Melchisedek

And a literal descendant of Aaron, also, must be designated by
this Presidency, and found worthy, and anointed, and ordained
under the hands of this Presidency, otherwise they are not legally
authorized to officiate in their priesthood;

But by virtue of the decree concerning their right of the priesthood
descending from father to son, they may claim their anointing,
if at any time they can prove their lineage, or do ascertain it by
revelation from the Lord under the hands of the above named

And again, no bishop or High Priest who shall be set apart for
this ministry, shall be tried or condemned for any crime, save it
be before the First Presidency of the church;

And inasmuch as he is found guilty before this Presidency, by
testimony that cannot be impeached, he shall be condemned;

And if he repents he shall be forgiven, according to the covenants
and commandments of the church.

And again, inasmuch as parents have children in Zion, or in any
of her Stakes which are organized, that teach them not to under-
stand the doctrine of repentance, faith in Christ the son of the
living God, and of baptism and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the
laying on of the hands when eight years old, the sin be upon the
heads of the parents;

For this shall be a law unto the Inhabitants of Zion. or. in any
of her Stakes which are organized;

And their children shall be baptized for the remission of their
sins when eight years old. and receive the laying on of the hands.

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 279 of 293)