Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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land. Ohio, as the Elders began to return from their missions
to the Eastern States. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 84.)

November. Tues. 6. Joseph Smith returned home from a
rapid journey to Albany, New York and Boston. On the day
of his return his son Joseph was born.

Tues. 27 Joseph Smith. Jr.. wrote an encouraging letter
and revelation to the Saints in Jackson County, Mo. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 85.)

December. Thurs. 6. A revelation, explaining the parable
of the wheat and tares, was given through Joseph Smith,
Jr., at Kirtland. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 86.)

Tues. 25. Joseph Smith, Jr. prophesied about the civil
war between the North and the South which commenced
about twenty-eight years afterwards. (Doc. and Cov.,
Sec. 87.)

Revelation and Prophecy, given through Joseph, the Ser. on War.
Given December 25th. 1832.

Verily, thus saith the Lord, concerning the wars that will shortly
come to pass, beginning at the rebellion of South Carolina, which
will eventually terminate in the death and misery of many souls.

The days will come that war will be poured out upon all nations,
beginning at that place;

For behold, the Southern States shall be divided against the
Northern States, and the Southern States will call on other nations,
even the nation of Great Britain, as it is called, and they shall also
call upon other nations. In order to defend themselves against other
nations; and thus war shall be poured out upon all nations.

And it shall come to pass, after many days, slaves shall rise up
against their masters, who shall be marshalled and disciplined
for war. Doc. and Cov. 87:1-4.

Thurs. 27. The revelation known as the "Olive Lear' was
given through Joseph Smith, Jr. at Kirtland. Ohio. It con-
tains grand and glorious principles and tells of important
future events. The saints were commanded to build a House
of the Lord at Kirtland and to open a school for the benefit
of the Elders to be known as the School of the Prophets.
(Doc. and Cov.. Sec. 88.)

Joseph Smith, Jr.. spent the winter of 1832-33 translating
the Scriptures, attending the School of the Prophets and sit-
ting in conferences.

1833

January. Tues. 22. Joseph Smith. Jr.. Sidney Rigdon,
Frederick G. Williams. Newel K. Whitney. Hyrum Smith,
Zebedee Coltrin, Joseph Smith, Sr., Samuel H. Smith, John
Murdock, Lyman E. Johnson. Orson Hyde, Ez-a Thayer, Levi
W. Hancock and William Smith assembled in conference at



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1293



Kirtlad, Ohio. On this occasion the Prophet Joseph, Zebedee
Coltrin and Wm. Smith spoke in tongues, "after which the
Lord poured out his spirit in a miraculous manner, until all
the Elders and several members, both male and female,
spoke in tongues." Praises were sung to God and the Lamb,
and speaking and praying in tongues occupied the confer-
ence until a late hour at night. (See History of Joseph
Smith.)

Wed. 23. The conference was continued at Kirtland.
"After much speaking, singing-, praying and praising God,
all in tongues," the brethren "proceeded to the washing of
feet, as commanded of the Lord," according to the practice
recorded in John 13:4-15. (See History of Joseph Smith.)

February. Sat 2. Joseph Smith, Jr., completed the trans-
lation of the New Testament.

Wed. 27. The revelation known as the "Word of Wisdom"
was given through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Kirtland.

A Word of Wisdom, for the benefit of the Council of High Priests,
assembled in Kirtland, and church; and also the saints in Zlon.

To be sent greeting not by commandments or constraint, but
by revelation and the word of wisdom, showing forth the order
and will of God in the temporal salvation of all saints in the last
days.

Given for a principle with promise, adapted to the capacity of
the weak and the weakest of all saints, who are or can be called
saints.

Behold, verily, thus saith the Lord unto you. In consequence of
evils and designs which do and will exist In the hearts of conspiring
men in the last days, I have warned you, and forewarn you, by
giving unto you this word of wisdom by revelation,

That inasmuch as any man drinketh wine or strong drink among
you, behold It is not good, neither meet in the sight of your
Father, only in assembling yourselves together to offer up your
sacraments before him.

And, behold, this should be wine, yea, pure wine of the grape
of the vine, of your own make.

And, again, strong drinks are not for the belly, but for the
washing of your bodies.

And again, tobacco is not for the body, neither for the belly, and
is not good for man, but Is an herb for bruises and all sick cattle,
to be used with judgment and skill.

And again, hot drinks are not for the body or belly.

And again, verily I say unto you, all wholesome herbs God hath
ordained for the constitution, nature, and use of man.

Every herb in the season thereof, and every fruit in the season
thereof; all these to be used with prudence and thanksgiving.

Yea, flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the air, I. the Lord,
have ordained for the use of man with thanksgiving; nevertheless
they are to be used sparingly;

And it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used only
in times of winter, or of cold, or famine.

All grain is ordained for the use of man and of beasts, to ' be
the staff of life, not only for man but for the beasts of the field,
and the fowls of heaven, and all wild animals that run or creep
on the earth;

And these hath God made for the use of man only in times of
famine and excess of hunger.

All grain is good for the food of man, as also the fruit of the
vine, that which yieldeth fruit, whether in the ground or above
the ground.

Nevertheless, wheat for man, and corn for the ox, and oats for
the horse, and rye for the fowls and for swine, and for all beasts
of the field, and barley for all useful animals, and for mild drinks,
as also other grain. Doc. and Cov. 89:1-17.

March. Fri. 8. A revelation concerning the keys of the
kingdom and the oracles of God was given to Joseph Smith,
Jr., at Kirtland. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 90.)

Sat. 9. Joseph Smith, Jr., was commanded by revelation
not to translate the Apocrypha. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 91.)

Fri. 15. A revelation concerning Frederick G. Williams
was given through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Kirtland. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 92.)

Mon. 18. -Sidney Rlgdon and Frederick G. Williams were
appointed and set apart by President Joseph Smith to be his
Counselors in the Presidency of the Church, according to the
revelation given March 8th. On the same occasion "many
of the brethren saw a heavenly vision of the Savior and
concourses of angels." (See History of Joseph Smith.)

Sat. 23. -A committee was appointed to purchase lands for
the Saints at Kirtland.

Tues. 26. An important council was held by the High
Priests in Jackson County, Mo., in which some misunder-
standing in regard to the presiding authorities in that land
was amicably settled.

April. In this month the first mob gathered at Indepen-
dence, Jackson Co., Mo., to consult upon a plan for the re-
moval or immediate destruction of the Church in that
county.

Sat. 6. About eighty official and some unofficial members
of the Church met at the ferry on Big Blue river, near the
western boundary of Jackson County, Mo., and, for the first
time, celebrated the birthday of the Church.

May. Sat. 4. Hyrum Smith, Jared Carter and Reynolds
Cahoon were appointed a committee to obtain subscriptions
for building a house for the Priesthood at Kirtland.

Mon. 6. A revelation on the pre-existence of man was
given through Joseph Smith. Jr., at Kirtland, and on the
same date the Saints were commanded by revelation to build
a House to the Lord at Kirtland. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 93
and 94.)

Man was also In the beginning with God. Intelligence, or the
light of truth, was not created or made, neither indeed can be.

All truth Is independent in that sphere in which God has placed
it, to act for itself, as all intelligence also, otherwise there Is no
existence.

Behold, here is the agency of man, and here Is the condemnation
of man, because that which was from the beginning Is plainly
manifest unto them, and they receive not the light.

And every man whose spirit receiveth not the light is under
condemnation.

For man Is spirit. The elements are eternal, and spirit and
element, Inseparably connected, receiveth a fullness of Joy:

And when separated, man cannot receive a fullness of joy.

The elements are the tabernacle of God; yea. man Is the taber-
nacle of God, even temples; and whatsoever temple Is defiled, God
shall destroy that temple.

The Glory of God is intelligence, or, in other words, light and
truth;



Light and truth forsaketh that evil one.

Every spirit of man was innocent In the beginning, and Ood
having redeemed man from the fall, men became again in their
Infant state, innocent before God. Doc. and Cov. 93:29-38.

And again, verily I say unto you, my friends, a commandment
I give unto you. that ye shall commence a work of laying out and
preparing a beginning and foundation of the city of the Stake of
Zion, here In the land of Kirtland. beginning at my house:

And behold it must be done according to the pattern which I
have given unto you.

And let the first lot on the south, be consecrated unto me for
the building of an house for the Presidency, for the work of the
Presidency, in obtaining revelations: and for the work of the
ministry of the Presidency, In all things pertaining to the church
and kingdom.

Verily I say unto you, that it shall be built fifty-five by sixty-fiv^
feet in the width thereof and in the length thereof, in the inner
court;

And there shall be a lower court and a higher court, according
to the pattern which shall be given unto you hereafter;

And it shall be dedicated unto the Lord from the foundation
thereof, according to the order of the Priesthood, according to the
pattern which shall be given unto you hereafter: * Doc. and
Cov. 94:1-6.

June. Sat. 1. The Lord gave further instructions to
Joseph the Prophet about the Temple to be built at Kirt-
land.

Tea, verily I say unto you, I gave unto you a commandment, that
you should build an house in the which house 1' design to endow
those whom I have chosen with power from on high; * *

Therefore let it be built aftet! the manner which I shall show
unto three of you, whom ye Puall appoint and ordain unto this
power.

And the size thereof shall be fifty and five feet In width, and
let it be sixty-five feet in length, in the inner court thereof:

And let the lower part of the inner court be dedicated unto me
for your sacrament offering, and for your preaching, and your
fasting, and your praying, and the offering up your most holy
desires unto me, saith your Lord.

And let the higher part of the inner court be dedicated unto me,
for the school of mine apostles, saith Son Ahman; or. in other
words, Alphus; or. in other words, Omegus; even Jesus Christ yoar
Lord. Doc. and Cov. 95:8, 14-17.

Tues. 4. A revelation, showing the order of the Kirtland
Stake of Zion, was given to Joseph Smith, Jr. (Doc. and
Cov., Sec. 96.)

Thurs. 6. A conference of High Priests held at Kirtland,
O., instructed the committee for building the House of the
Lord to proceed at once in obtaining material for its con-
struction.

Sun. 23. Doctor P. Hurlburt, afterwards connected with
the spurious Spaulding story, was excommunicated from the
Church for adultery.

Tues. 25. An explanation of the plat of the city of Zlom
was sent to the brethren in Jackson County, Mo. (See His-
tory of Joseph Smith.)

July. By this time about twelve hundred Saints, includ-
ing children, had gathered to Jackson County. Mo.

Tues. 2. Joseph the Prophet finished the translation of
the Bible.

Sat. 20. The printing office belonging to the Saints at
Independence, Jackson County, Mo., was destroyed by a.
mob, who also tarred and feathered Bishop Edward Par-
tridge and a Brother Allen.

Orson Pratt preached in Patten, Canada. This Is sup-
posed to be the first discourse preached by a Latter-day Saint
Elder in The Dominion.

Tues. 23. The Saints at Independence, Mo., made a treaty
with the mob and consented to leave Jackson County.
Oliver Cowdery was dispatched as a special messenger to
Kirtland, Ohio, to consult with the First Presidency.

The corner stones of the Lord's House at Kirtland, O.,
were laid.

August. Fri. 2. In a revelation given through Joseph
Smith, Jr., at Kirtland, the Lord commanded that a house
be built to Him in the land of Zion by the tithing of His
people.

Verily, I say unto you, that it Is my will that an house shonM
be built unto me in the land of Zion, like unto the pattern which
I have given you;

Yea, let it be built speedily, by the tithing of my people. Doc. an*
Cov. 97:10-11.

Tues. 6. The Saints were commanded by revelation to
observe the constitutional laws of the land, to forgive their
enemies and cultivate a spirit of charity toward all men.
Their rights of self-defense were also made clear.

And now, verily I say unto you concerning the laws of the land,
it is my will that my people should observe to do all things what-
soever I command them;

And that law of the land which Is constitutional, supporting that
principle of freedom in maintaining rights and privileges, belongs
to all mankind, and" Is justifiable before me:

Therefore, f, the Lord, justify you, and your brethren of my
church, in befriending that law which is the constitutional law of
the land;

And as pertaining to law of man, whatsoever is more or less tham
these, cometh of evil. * *

Now I speak unto you concerning your families; if men will
smite you, or your families, once, and ye bear it patiently and
revile not against them, neither seek revenge, ye shall be rewarded;

But If ye bear it not patiently, it shall be accounted unto you
as being meted out a just measure unto you.

And again, if your enemy shall smite you the second time, and
you revile not against your enemy, and bear it patiently, your
reward shall be an hundred fold.

And again, if he shall smite you the third time, and ye bear it
patiently, your reward shall be doubled unto you four fold:

And these three testimonies shall stand against your enemy if he
repent not, and shall not be blotted out.

And now verily I say unto you. if that enemy shall escape my
vengeance, that he be not brought into judgment before me. then
ye shall see to it that ye warn him in my name, that he come no
more upon you, neither upon your family, even your children's
children unto the third and fourth generation:

And then If he shall come upon you, or your children, or yonr
children's children unto the third and fourth generation; I hard
delivered thine enemy into thine hands,



1294



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



And then if thou wilt spare him. thou shalt be rewarded for thy .
righteousness: and also thy children and thy children's children unto
the third and fourth generation;

Nevertheless thine enemy is in thine hands, and if thou reward
him according to his works, thou art justified, if he has sought
thy life, and thy life is endangered by him, thine enemy is in thine
hands and thou art justified.

Behold, this is the law I gave unto my servant Nephl, and thy
fathers Joseph, and Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham, and all mine
ancient prophets and apostles. Doc. and Cov. 98:4-7 23-32.

A few days later John Murdock was called to the ministry
by revelation. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 99.)

September. Wed. 11. It was decided in council to es-
tablish a printing press at Kirtland, and publish a paper
to be called the "Latter-day Saints' Messenger and Advo-
cate;" also that the "Evening and Morning Star," formerly
published in Jackson County, Mo., should be published at
Kirtland.

Bishop Edward Partridge was acknowledged as the
head of the Church in Zion, and ten High Priests were ap-
pointed to watch over the ten branches of the Church there.

October. Orson Hyde and John Gould arrived in Jackson
County, Mo., as messengers from Kirtland; and the Church
in Zion dispatched Wm. W. Phelps and Orson Hyde to Gov-
ernor Daniel Dunklin at Jefferson City, with a petition from
the Saints.

Sat. 5. Joseph Smith, Jr., In company with Elders Sidney
Rigdon and Freeman Nickerson, left Kirtland on a visit to
Canada.

Tues. 8. Wm. W. Phelps and Orson Hyde presented to
Governor Daniel Dunklin, of Missouri, the petition from the
Saints in Jackson County.

Sat. 12. In a revelation given at Perrysburg, N. Y., Joseph
Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon were commanded to continue
their missionary labors in the East. (Doc. and Cov., Sec.
100.)

Sat. 19. In answer to the petition from the Saints in
Jackson County, Gov. Dunklin, of Missouri, wrote a letter
to the leading men of the Church in that county, promising
to enforce the laws.

Sat. 26. Joseph Smith, Jr., preached and baptized twelve
persons at Mount Pleasant, Upper Canada.

Thurs. 31. A mob attacked a branch of the Church, west
of the Big Blue, in Jackson County, Mo., destroyed ten
houses, and beat several of the brethren in a most brutal
manner.

November. Fri. 1. The Saints at Independence were at-
tacked by a mob, and Gilbert & Whitney's store was partly
destroyed, besides many private dwellings.

Sat. 2. The mob attacked the Saints on the Big Blue,
Jackson County, and beat David Bennett severely.

Mon. 4. A skirmish took place between a company of
Saints and a mob, several miles west of the Big Blue, in
Jackson County. Andrew Barber, one of the Saints, was
mortally wounded, two of the mob were killed, and several
others wounded on both sides.

Joseph Smith, Jr., returned to Kirtland, O., from his
mission to Canada.

Tues. 5. Col. Thos Pitcher, commanding the mob militia,
in Jackson County, demanded that the Saints should give
up their arms, which order was reluctantly complied with.
During the following night and the next day the mob drove
the Saints from their homes at the point of the bayonet.
The exiles were thereby exposed to the most severe suffer-
ings from cold and hunger.

Thurs. 7. On this and the following day the exiled Saints
were busy crossing the Missouri river from Jackson to Clay
County, Mo., where the inhabitants received them with
some degree of kindness.

Others of the Saints found temporary shelter in Ray, Van
Buren, Lafayette and other counties.

Wed. 13. A grand meteoric shower or "falling of the
stars" was witnessed throughout the land, which cheered
the Saints and alarmed their enemies.

December. Persecution raged against the Saints who had
fled to Van Buren County, Mo.

Oliver Cowdery and Bishop Newel K. Whitney arrived
at Kirtland, O., with a new printing press.

Fri. 6. The Saints in Clay County, Mo., sent another pe-
tition to Gov. Dunklin, praying for redress.

Mon. 16. Joseph Smith, Jr., received a revelation at Kirt-
land, Ohio, in which the Lord said that he had allowed afflic-
tions to come upon the Saints in Missouri because of their
transgressions, but that he in His own due time would per-
mit the pure in heart to return to their inheritances. This
was illustrated by a parable. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 101.)

Verily I Bay unto you, concerning your brethren who have been
afflicted, and persecuted, and cast out from the land of their
inheritance,

T, the Lord, have suffered the affliction to come upon them,
wherewith they have been afflicted, in consequence of their trans-
gressions: *

Zion shall not be moved out of her place, notwithstanding her
children are scattered:

They that remain, and are pure In heart, shall return, and come
to their inheritances, they and their children, with songs of ever-
lasting Joy. to build up the waste places of Zion. * * * Doc.
and Cov. 101:1-2, 17-18.

Wed. 18. The printing offlce at Kirtland. O., was dedi-
cated and the publication of the "Evening and Morning Star"
recommenced with Oliver Cowdery as editor.

Joseph Smith, Sr., was ordained Patriarch to the whole
Church.

Thurs. 19. Wm. Pratt and David W. Patten left Kirtland,
Ohio, for Missouri, bearing a message from the First Presi-
dency to the exiled Saints.

Mon. 23. Four aged families, living near Independence,
Mo., whose penury and infirmities, incident to old age, for-
bade a speedy removal, were driven from their houses by a
mob.

Fri. 27. The printing press and materials, taken from the
Saints at Independence, Mo., were disposed of by the mob to
Davis & Kelley. who removed them to Clay County, and



there commenced the publication of the "Missouri Enquirer "
Tues. 31. Wilford Woodruff was baptized at Richland
N. Y., by Zera Pulsipher.

1834

January. Wed. 1. A conference of the scattered Saints in
Clay County, Mo., resolved to send Lyman Wight and Parley
P. Pratt as special messengers to the First Presidency at
Kirtland, O.

February. Mon. 17. The first High Council of the
Church was organized at Kirtland. The members were Jo-
seph Smith, Sr., Joseph Smith, Joseph Coe, John Johnson
Martin Harris, John S. Carter, Jared Carter. Oliver Cowdery
Samuel H. Smith, Orson Hyde, Sylvester Smith and Luke S.
Johnson.. Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon and Frederick
G. Williams were acknowledged as presidents by the voice,
of the council.

Minutes of the Organization of the High Council of the Church of
Christ of Latter-day Saints. Kirtland. February 17, 1834.

This day a general council of twenty-four High Priests assembled
at the house of Joseph Smith, Jr., by revelation, and proceeded to-
organize the High Council of the Church of Christ, which was to
consist of twelve High Priests, and one or three Presidents, as the
case might require.

The High Council was appointed by revelation for the purpose
of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church,
which could not be settled by the church or the bishop's council
to the satisfaction of the parties.

Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams,
were acknowledged Presidents by the voice of the council: and
Joseph Smith, Sr., John Smith, Joseph Coe. John Johnson. Martin
Harris, John S. Carter. Jared Carter. Oliver Cowdery. Samuel H.
Smith, Orson Hyde, Sylvester Smith, and Luke Johnson, High
Priests, were chosen to be a standing Council for the church, by the
unanimous voice of the Council.

The above-named counselors were then asked whether they
accepted their appointments, and whether they would act In that
office according to the law of heaven: to which they all answered
that they accepted their appointments, and would fill their omces
according to the grace of God bestowed upon them.

The number composing the council, who voted in the name and
for the church, in appointing the above-named counselors were
forty-three, as follows: Nine High Priests, seventeen elders, four
priests, and thirteen members.

Voted: that the High Council cannot have power to act without
seven of the above-named counselors, or their regularly-appointed
successors are present.

These seven shall have power to appoint other High Priests,
whom they may consider worthy and capable to act in the place
of absent counselors.

Voted: that whenever any vacancy shall occur by the death,
removal from office for transgression, or removal from the bounds
of this church government, of any one of the above-named coun-
selors, it shall be filled by the nomination of the President or
Presidents, and sanctioned by the voice of a general council of
High Priests, convened for that purpose, to act in the name of
the church.

The President of the church, who is also the President of th
council, is appointed by revelation, and acknowledged in his
administration, by the voice of the church:

And it is according to the dignity of his office that he should
preside over the Council of the church: and it is his privilege to
be assisted by two other Presidents, appointed after the same
manner that he himself was appointed.

And In case of the absence of one or both of those who are
appointed to assist him, he has power to preside over the Council
without an assistant: and in case that he himself Is absent, the
other Presidents have power to preside in his stead, both, or either
of them.

Whenever an High Council of the church of Christ is regularly
organized, according to the foregoing pattern, it shall be the duty
of the twelve counselors to cast lots by numbers, and thereby
ascertain, who of the twelve shall speak first, commencing with
number one, and so in succession to number twelve.

Whenever this Council convenes to act upon any case, the twelve
counselors shall consider whether it Is a difficult one or not; if it
Is not, two only of the counselors shall speak upon it, according



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 281 of 293)