Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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designed for those who do not travel Into all the world.

And again, the duty of the President of the office of the High
Priesthood is to preside over the whole church, and to be like unto

Behold, here Is wisdom; yea, to be a seer, a revelator. a translator,
and a prophet, having all the gifts of God which he bestows upon
the head of the church.

And it is according to the vision, showing the order of the
seventy, that they should have seven presidents to preside over
them, chosen out of the number of the seventy;

And the seventh president of these presidents Is to preside ver
the six;

And these seven presidents are to choose other seventy besides
the first seventy, to whom they belong, and are to preside over

And also other seventy, until seven times seventy, if the labor
in the vineyard of necessity requires it.

And these seventy are to be traveling ministers unto the Gentiles
first, and also unto the Jews:

Whereas other officers of the church, who belong not unto the
Twelve, neither to the seventy, are not under the responsibility to
travel among all nations, but are to travel as their circumstances
shall allow, notwithstanding they may hold as high and responsible
offices in the church.

Wherefore now let every man learn his duty, and to act In the
office In which he Is appointed, in all diligence.

He that Is slothful shall not be counted worthy to stand, and he
that learns not his duty and shows himself not approved, shall not
he counted worthy to stand. Even so. Amen. Doc. and Cov. 107:
1-39, 58-100.

May. Sat. 2. Elders Brigham Young. John P. Greene and
Amos Orton were appointed to preach the gospel to the

Mon. 4. The Twelve left Kirtland on their flrst mission
as Apostles.

July. Fri. 3. Michael IT. Chandler arrived nt Kirtland
to exhibit four Egyptian mummies and some rolls of papy-
rus, covered with hieroglyphic figures and devices. They
were afterwards purchased by some of the Saints, and
Joseph the Prophet translated some of the characters on
the rolls. One was found to contain the writings of Abra-
ham, subsequently published in the Pearl of Great Price;
another the writings of Joseph in Egypt.

August. Mon. 17. At a general assembly of the Church,
held at Kirtland. the Book of Doctrine and Covenants was
approved, and thus became a law of faith and practice to
the Church.

September. Mon. 14. Oliver Cowdery was appointed to
act as Church Recorder, and Emma Smith to make a selec-
tion of sacred hymns, according to revelation.

From revelation to Joseph Smith, Jr., (riven at Fayette, New York,
April 6. 1830. (See Doc. and Cnv. 21:1.)

Behold there shall be a record kept among you. and In it thou
shalt be called a seer, a translator, a prophet, an anostle of Jpsus
Christ, an elder of the church through the will of God the Father,
and the grace of your Lord Jesus Christ.

October. Sun. 25. The Twelve returned to Kirtland from
their mission to the East.

Thurs. 29. Joseph Smith, Jr.. was abused by his brother
William in a council meeting, held at Kirtland.



November. Fri. 27. Christian Whitmer, one of the Eight
Witnesses to the Book of Mormon, died in Clay County, Mo.

December. Wed. 16. Wm. Smith became enraged in a
debating school, held at Kirtland, and used violence upon
the person of his brother, Joseph Smith, Jr., and others.

Sat. 26. Joseph Smith, jr., with other Elders, commenced
studying the Hebrew language, having previously com-
menced reading Greek. Mr. Seixas, a competent professor
of languages, was subsequently employed as teacher.

A revelation, concerning Lyman Sherman, was given
through Joseph Smith, Jr., at Kirtland. (Doc. and Cov., Sec.


The Kirtland Temple was dedicated, and the Savior,
Moses, Elias and Elijah the Prophet appeared to the Klders
in that building and committed the keys of their respective
dispensations to the Prophet Joseph Smith. The Saints who
had resided temporarily in Clay County, Mo., removed to
another location on Shoal Creek, which was organized into
Caldwell County.

January. Fri. 1. Wm. Smith received forgiveness of his
brother Joseph, and a general family reconciliation took
place in the house of the latter, at Kirtland, Ohio.

Wed. 6. At a council meeting, held at Kirtland, the High
Council of Zion (Missouri) was reorganized.

Thurs. 7. A sumptuous feast, to which the lame, the halt
and the blind were invited, was held in Bishop Newel K.
Whitney's house, at Kirtland.

Sat. 16. In a council of the Twelve Apostles, held at
Kirtland, President Joseph Smith said: "The Twelve are
not subject to any other than the First Presidency. *
Where I am not, there is no First Presidency over the
Twelve." (See History of Joseph Smith.)

Sun. 17. Joseph the Prophet organized the several coun-
cils of the Priesthood at Kirtland, on which occasion the
Lord poured out His Spirit in a great measure upon the
brethren, who confessed their faults to each other; the con-
gregation was overwhelmed in tears and the spirit of
tongues came upon them "like the rushing of a mighty
wind." (See History of Joseph Smith.)

Thurs. 21. The Presidency of the Church, and the coun-
cils of Kirtland and Zion, met in the evening in the Lord's
House, at Kirtland, and attended to the ordinance of anoint-
ing with oil and blessing each other. The visions of heaven
were opened, angels administered to them, and the house
was filled with the glory of God. Joseph the Prophet "be-
held the celestial kingdom of God and the glory thereof,"
the "transcendent beauty of the gate through which the
heirs of that kingdom will enter, the throne of God whereon
was seated the Father and Son," and the beautiful streets
of the kingdom. He also saw Fathers Adam and Abraham.
On seeing his brother Alvin. who died before the Church
was organized, the Prophet marveled, but the voice of the
Lord told him that all who had died without a knowledge
of the gospel, who would have received it if they had been
permitted to tarry, should be heirs of the celestial kingdom
of God. (See History of Joseph Smith.)

Fri. 22. The Twelve Apostles, the Presidency of the
Seventy and others were blessed and anointed in the Lord's
House, at Kirtland.

Thurs. 28. The leading authorities of the Church ad-
ministered in the Lord's House at Kirtland, on which oc-
casion angels again appeared to the brethren, and other
great manifestations of the power of God were witnessed.
(See History of Joseph Smith.)

February. Sun. 7. The organization of the second
quorum of Seventy was commenced at Kirtland.

Mon. 22. The sisters at Kirtland met in the Lord's House
to commence their work of making the veil for that build-

March. Sun. 27. The Lord's House, at Kirtland, after-
wards known as the Kirtland Temple, was dedicated. It is
a rock building, 80 feet long and 60 feet wide; the walls
are 50 feet and the tower 110 feet high. (For dedicatory
prayer, see Doc. and Cov., Sec. 109.)

Tues. 29. On this and the following day the ordinance of
the washing of feet was attended to in the Kirtland Temple.

April. Sun. 3. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Oliver Cowdery
saw and heard the Savior in the Kirtland Temple. Moses
also appeared before them and committed unto them "the
keys of the gathering of Israel from the four parts of the
earth, and the leading of the Ten Tribes from the land of
the north." Then Elias appeared and committed the dis-
pensation of the gospel of Abraham, and finally Elijah the
Prophet "stood before them" and committed to them the
keys of turning "the hearts of the fathers to the children,
and the children to the fathers." (See History of Joseph
Smith and Doc. and Cov., Sec. 110.)

Mon. 4. The Elders began to spread abroad from Kirt-
land into all parts of the land, preaching the gospel.

May. Tues. 17. Mary Smith, aged 93 years, and grand-
mother of Joseph the Prophet, arrived at Kirtland from the

June. Warren Parrish and other Elders were mobbed
and arrested in Tennessee for preaching the gospel, and
subsequently compelled to leave the country.

Wed. 29. A large meeting of citizens held at Liberty.
Clay County, Mo., passed resolutions to expel the Saints
from Clay County.

July. Fri. 1. In a large meeting of Elders, held in Clay
County, Mo., It was agreed that the Saints should leave the
county, agreeably to the request of the older settlers.

Mon. 25. Joseph Smith, Jr., left Kirtland for a trip to
the 'Eastern States.

August. Joseph Smith, Jr., arrived at Salem. Mass., where
he. on August 6th, received a revelation, in which the Lord
said He had many people in that city. (Doc. and Cov., Sec.

September. Joseph Smith returned to Kirtland from his
trip to the East.

The Saints in Missouri began to remove from Clay
County to their newly selected location on Shoal Creek
(later known as Far West), in the territory attached to
Ray County. That part of the State of Missouri was at
that time almost uninhabited, but in the following Decem-
ber it was organized under the name of Caldwell County.

Thurs. 22. Peter Whitmer, Jr., one of the Eight Wit-
nesses to the Book of Mormon, died near Liberty, Clay
County, Mo.

November. Wed. 2. Preparations were made for organ-
izing a banking institution at Kirtland, Ohio, to be called
the "Kirtland Safety Society."

December. Sun. 18. Brigham Young, Jr., was born at

Sat. 31. Dr. Willard Richards was baptized at Kirtland,
by Brigham Young.


April. Thur. 6. An important Priesthood meeting was
held in the Kirtland Temple, in which new presidents were
ordained to preside over the Seventies, as some of the
former presidents were High Priests.

April. Fri. 7. The city plat of Far West, Caldwell
County, Mo., having been surveyed, the sale of town lots
was left to Wm. W. Phelps, John Whitmer and Edward
Partridge. Jacob Whitmer, Elisha H. Groves and Geo. M.
Hinkle were appointed a building committee for the erec-
tion of a house of the Lord at Far West.

May. A spirit of apostasy and speculation, affecting
every quorum of the Church, more or less, became very
prevalent at Kirtland.

June. Early in this month Apostles Heber C. Klmball
and Orson Hyde were set apart by the First Presidency of
the Church to go on a mission to England. This was the
first foreign mission of the Church. A few days later Wil-
lard Richards was called to accompany them.

Tues. 13. Apostles Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde and
Elders Willard Richards and Joseph Fielding left Kirtland,
O., on their missions to England.

July. Sat. I. Apostles Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde
and Elders Willard Richards and Joseph Fielding, accom-
panied by three brethren from Canada, namely, John Good-
son, Isaac Russell and John Snider, sailed from New York
on the ship "Garrick." They arrived in Liverpool, England,
on the 20th.

July. Mon. 3. Ground was broken at Far West, Mo., for
the foundation of a Temple, which, however, was not built,
on account of persecutions.

Sun. 23. A revelation concerning the Twelve Apostles
was given through Joseph, the Prophet, at Kirtland. (Doc.
and Cov., Sec. 112.)

The gospel was first preached by Latter-day Saint
Elders in England, in the church of the Rev. James Field-
ing, at Preston.

Thur. 27. Joseph, the Prophet, was persecuted with a
vexatious lawsuit at Painesville, Ohio.

.Sun. 30. Nine persons were baptized in the river Ribble,
at Preston, England, as the first converts to the fullness of
the gospel in England. Geo. D. Watt was the first person

August. In the latter part of this month Joseph Smith,
Jr., returned to Kirtland, Ohio, from a mission to Canada, on
which he had started July 27th.

September. Sun. 3. At a conference, held at Kirtland,
Oliver Cowdery, Joseph Smith, Sr., Hyrum Smith and John
Smith were appointed assistant counselors to the First
Presidency. Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson and John
F. Boynton, three of the Twelve Apostles, were disfellow-

Sun. 10. Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson and John
F. Boynton made confessions and were received back into

Sun. 17. Geo. W. Robinson was elected General Church
Recorder, in place of Oliver Cowdery, who had removed
to Missouri.

Wed. 27. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon left Kirt-
land, Ohio, to establish other places of gathering for the
Saints, and to visit with the Saints in Missouri, where they
arrived in the latter part of October.

About this time the "Voice of Warning" was published In
New York City by Parley P. Pratt.

October. The first number of the "Elders' Journal," edited
by Joseph Smith, Jr., and published at Kirtland, Ohio, bears
date of this month. It was published instead of the "Mes-
senger and Advocate." which had been discontinued.

Fri. 13. Jerusha F. Smith, Hyrum Smith's wife, died at

November. Tues. 7. An important conference was held
at Far West, Mo., Joseph Smith, Jr., having arrived from
Kirtland. Frederick G. Williams was rejected as a coun-
selor to Pres. Joseph Smith, and Hyrum SVnith appointed in
his stead. David Whitmer, John Whitmer and Wm. W.
Phelps were sustained as the presidency at Far West, and
a High Council was organized consisting of John Murdock,
Solomon Hancock, Ellas Higbee, Calvin Bebee. John M.
Hinkle, Thos. Grover, Simeon Carter, Lyman Wight, Newel
Knight, Geo. M. Hinkle, Levi Jackman and Elisha H. Groves.

Fri. 10. At a general meeting held at Far West it was
voted that the town of Far West "be enlarged so as to
contain two square miles."

December. The printing office at Kirtland was destroyed
by fire, and the publication of the "Elders' Journal" ceased.

Joseph Smith, Jr., arrived at Kirtland, Ohio, from Mis-
souri. During his absence a number of prominent men, in-
cluding Warren Parrish, John F. Boynton, Luke S. Johnson
and Joseph Coe, had united together for the overthrow of
the Church at Kirtland.

Fri. 22. Apostle Brigham Young left Kirtland on account
of the fury of the mob. who threatened to kill him because
he would proclaim publicly and privately that he knew by
the Holy Ghost that Joseph Smith, Jr., was a Prophet of the
Most High God.



Mon. 25. The first general conference by Latter-day
Saints in England was held in the "Cock Pit," at Preston.
The Church in England numbered already about one thou-
sand members. At this conference the "Word of Wisdom"
was first publicly taught in England.

Apostasy, persecution, confusion and mobocracy reigned
in Kirtland, Ohio, at the close of the year.


January. Fri. 12. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon
left Kirtland, Ohio, on horseback to escape mob violence. They
traveled toward Missouri.

February. Mon. 5. In a general assembly of Saints at
Far West, Mo., David Whitmer, John Whitmer and Wm. W.
Phelps were rejected as the presidency of the Church in
Missouri because of transgression.

Sat. 10. Thomas B. Marsh and David W. Patten were
appointed presidents pro tern, of the Church in Missouri,
until the arrival of Joseph Smith, Jr., or Sidney Rigdon
from Kirtland.

March. -Answers to certain questions on Scripture, prin-
cipally the llth chapter of Isaiah, were given by revelation
through Joseph Smith, Jr. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 113.)

Sat. 10. Wm. W. Phelps and John Whitmer were excom-
municated from the Church by the High Council at Far
West, Mo. Some time afterwards Wm. W. Phelps was re-
ceived back into the Church by baptism.

Wed. 14. Joseph the Prophet, arrived at Far West, Mo.,
with his family, accompanied by Apostle Brigham Young
and others.

April. Fri. 6. The Saints in Missouri met at Far West
to celebrate the anniversary of the organization of the
Church and transact business. John Corrill and Elias Hig-
bee were appointed historians and Geo. W. Robinson Gen-
eral Church Recorder and clerk to the First Presidency.
Thomas B. Marsh was sustained as president pro tern, in
Missouri, with Brigham Young and David W. Patten as
assistant presidents.

Sat. 7. On this and the following day, the Church held
its first quarterly conference at Far West.

John Whitmer refused to give up the records of the
Church in his possession to the newly appointed Church
clerk and recorder.

Thur. 12. Oliver Cowdery was excommunicated from the
Church by the High Council at Far West, Mo. The follow-
ing day David Whitmer and Lyman E. Johnson were cut

Tues. 17. Apostle David W. Patten was called by revela-
tion through Joseph the Prophet, at Far West, Mo., to
"make a disposition of his merchandise," and prepare for a

Verily thus saith the Lord, it Is wisdom in my servant David W.
Patten, that he settle up all his business as soon as he possibly
can. and make a disposition of his merchandise, that he may
perform a mission unto me next spring, in company with others,
even , Twelve. Including himself, to testify of my name, and bear
glad tidings unto all the world; * Doc. and Cov. 114:1.

Fri. 20. Apostles Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde
sailed from Liverpool, England, for America on the ship
"Garrick." They arrived in New York May 12th, and at Kirt-
land, O., May 22nd.

Thurs. 26. A revelation was given through Joseph Smith,
Jr., at Far West, Mo., concerning the building up of that
place and the Lord's House. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 115.)

Let the city. Far West, be a holy and consecrated land unto me,
and It shall be called most holy, for the ground upon which thou
standest is holy;

Therefore 1 command you to build an house unto me, for the
gathering together of my saints, that they may worship me;

And let there be a beginning of this work, and a foundation, and
a preparatory work, this following summer; * *

And again, verily T say unto you. it is my will that the city of
Far West should be built up speedily by the gathering of my
saints. * Doc. and Cov. 116:7-9, 17.

May. Fri. 11. Wm. E. McLellin was excommunicated
from the Church, at Far West.

Sat. 19. Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon and others
visited a place on the north side of Grand river (about
twenty-five miles north of Far West) called by the Saints
Spring Hill, which by revelation was named Adam-ondi-
Ahman, because "it is the place where Adam shall come to
visit his people or the Ancient of Days shall sit, as spoken
of by the Prophet Daniel." (Dan. 7:9-14; Doc. and Cov.,
Sec. 116.)

June. Thur. 28. A Stake of Zion called Adam-ondi-Ah-
man was organized in Daviess County, Mo., with John Smith
as president and Reynolds Gaboon and Lyman Wight as his
counselors. A High Council was also organized with John
Lemon, Daniel Stanton. Mayhew Hillman. Daniel Carter,
Isaac Perry, Henry Harrison Sagers. Allanson Brown,
Thomas Gordon, Lorenzo D. Barnes, George A. Smith, Har-
vey Olmstead and Ezra Thayer as members.

July. The third number of the "Elders' Journal" was pub-
lished at Far West, Mo. The first two numbers had been
published at Kirtland, Ohio.

Wed. 4. The corner stones of the House of the Lord, at
Far West, Mo., were laid, agreeable to a commandment of
the Lord, (riven April 26th, 1838.

Fri. 6. Five hundred and fifteen Saints left Kirtland, Ohio,
for Missouri, under the direction of the Seventies.

Sun. 8. Wm. Marks, Newel K. Whitney and Oliver
Granger were commanded by revelation to leave Kirtland,
Ohio, and remove to Missouri. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 117.)

John Taylor, John E. Page, Wilford Woodruff and Wil-
lard Richards were called by revelation to the Apostleship,
"to fill the places of those who had fallen." (Doc. and
Cov., Sec. 118.)

Let my servant John Taylor, and also my servant John E. Page,
and also my servant Wilford Woodruff, and also my servant Willard
Richards, be appointed to fill the places of those who have fallen,
and be officially notified of their appointment. Doc. and Cov. 118:6.

In answer to the question, "O Lord, show unto thy

servants how much thou requirest of the properties of the
people for a tithing," the Lord gave a revelation on tith-
ing. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 119.)

Wed. 18. A revelation making known the disposition of
property tithing was given through Joseph the Prophet, at

Revelation Riven through Joseph, the Prophet, at Far West, Missouri,
July 8th. 1838, in answer to the question. O Lord, show unto
thy servants how much thou requirest of the properties of the
people for a tithing?

Verily, thus saith the Lord, I require all their surplus property
to be put into the hands of the bishop of my church of Zion,

For the building of mine house, and for the laying of the foun-
dation of Zion and for the Priesthood, and for the debts of the
Presidency of my church;

And this shall be the beginning of the tithing of my people;

And after that, those who have thus been tithed, shall pay one-
tenth of all their interest annually; and this shall be a standing law
unto them for ever, for my holy Priesthood, saith the Lord.

Verily I say unto you. It shall come to pass, that all those
who gather unto the land of Zion shall be tithed of their surplus
properties, and shall observe this law, or they shall not be found
worthy to abide among you.

And I say unto you, if my people observe not this law, to keep
it holy, and by this law sanctify the land of Zion unto me. that
my statues and my judgments may be kept thereon, that it may
be most holy, behold, verily I say unto you, it shall not be a land
of Zion unto you;

And this shall be an ensample [example] unto all the Stakes of
Zion. Amen. Doc. and Cov. Sec. 120.

August. During this month the Saints at DeWitt, Car-
roll County, Mo., were threatened by a mob.

Mon. 6. The Missourians opposed the voting of the Saints
at Gallatin, Daviess County, and a skirmish occurred, in
which about twelve brethren gained a victory over about
one hundred and fifty mobbers.- Some of the brethren took
their families into the hazel brush and guarded them during
the night, through fear of the mob.

Wed. 8. Joseph Smith, Jr., and others called on Adam
Black, a justice of the peace in Daviess County, Mo., and
had a friendly conversation with him about the trouble in

Thurs. 30. Gov. Liiburn W. Boggs, of Missouri, ordered
out a part of the State militia to quell the civil disturb-
ances in Caldwell, Daviess and Carroll Counties. The
whmle upper Missouri was in an uproar and state of con-
fusion about the "Mormons."

September. Mon. 3. A great number of mobbers had col-
lected in Daviess County, Mo , with headquarters at Mill-

Tues. 4. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Sidney Rigdon commenced
to study law, under the instructions of Generals David R.
Atchison and Alexander W. Doniphan.

Fri. 7. Joseph Smith, Jr., and Lyman Wight appeared
before Judge Austin A. King, in Daviess County, they and
others having been falsely accused of threatening Adam
Black's life on their visit to his house, Aug. 8th.

Sun. 9. Captain William Allred, of Far West, frustrated
the plans of the mob, by arresting three men who were
bringing guns and ammunition from Richmond, Ray County,
Mo., to the mobbers in Daviess County.

October. Mon. 1. As the militia, under Generals Atchi-
son, Doniphan and Parks, had succeeded in restoring tem-
porary peace in Daviess County, the mobbers went to
DeWitt, Carroll County, and attacked the Saints there.

Thurs. 4. The Kirtland Camp arrived at its destination,

Sat. 6. Joseph the Prophet arrived at DeWitt, Carroll
County, Mo., whither he went to assist the brethren who
were trying to defend themselves against an overwhelming
mob force.

Thurs. 11. After several days' bombardment, the mob
succeeded in driving the Saints from DeWitt. During the
siege some of them had perished from starvation, and their
sufferings had been very great.

Fri. 12. The exiles from DeWitt arrived at Far West.

Mon. 15. The brethren at Far West organized for self-

The mobbers renewed their depredations in Daviess
County, by burning the houses of the Saints, driving off
their stock, etc. Col. Lyman Wight, agreeable to an order
from General Parks, organized a company in self-defense.
This frightened the mobbers, who fled from the neighbor-
hood, after burning some of their own houses, of which they
wickedly accused the Saints.

Tues. 23. The Saints were fleeing from the smaller set-
tlements into Far West for safety, the mobs increasing in
numbers all around. The most wicked lies were circulated
about the Saints, and their movements in self-defense were
by the State authorities construed into treason.

Thurs. 25. A battle was fought between a mob and about
seventy-five brethren on Crooked river, Ray County, Mo., in
which Gideon Carter was killed and eleven others wounded,

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 283 of 293)