Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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among these were Apostle David W. Patten and Patterson
O'Banion who died soon afterwards.

Sat. 27. Apostle David W Patten was buried at Far

Gov. Liiburn W. Boggs issued his famous exterminating
order, which gave the Saints the choice between banish-
ment from Missouri and death.

About this time Sampson Avard. an apostate, secretly
organized a company called Danites. The Church used all
proper means to expose and counteract his schemes.

Tues. 30. A mob under the leadership of Col. Wm. O.
Jennings attacked a little settlement of Saints at Haun's
Mill, Caldwell County, Mo., and killed and mortally wounded
Thomas McBride. Levi N. Merrick. Ellas Benner, Josiah
Fuller. Benjamin Lewis, Alexander Campbell, Warren Smith,
Geo. S. Richards, Wm. Napier, Austin Hammer, Simon Cox,
Hiram Abbott, John York. John Lee. John Byers, Sardius
Smith and Charles Merrick. Others were severely wounded,
but recovered. Among these were Alma L. Smith, who was
healed in a most miraculous manner, through prayers and



The mob-militia, about two thousand strong, under
command of Samuel D. Lucas, arrived near Far West, and
the citizens prepared for their own defense.

Wed. 31. Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Parley P.
Pratt, Lyman Wight and Geo. W. Robinson were betrayed
by Col. George M. Hinkle and made prisoners in the camp
of the mob-militia.

November. Thurs. 1. Hyrum Smith and Amasa M. Lyman
were brought as prisoners into camp. A court martial was
held, and the prisoners were sentenced to be shot the fol-
lowing morning; they were, however, saved through the
interference of General Doniphan.

On demand of Gen. Samuel D. Lucas, the citizens of Far
West were forced to give up their arms, after which the
mob-militia pillaged the town, ravished women, and com-
mitted other acts of barbarity.

Fri. 2. Joseph Smith, Jr., and fellow-prisoners were
taken to Far West under a strong guard and permitted to
see their families, from whom they then were rudely torn
and started under a strong guard, commanded by Generals
Samuel D. Lucas and Robert Wilson, for Independence,
Jackson County, where they arrived on the 4th.

Sun. 4. Gen. John B. Clark arrived at Far West with
about two thousand troops, and the following day he made
most of the brethren prisoners.

Tues. 6. John B. Clark delivered an Insulting speech to
the brethren at Far West, in which he advised the Saints
to scatter abroad and never again organize with bishops,
presidents, etc. Of the leaders of the Church, who had
been imprisoned, he said their fate was fixed, their die
cast, and their doom sealed, and that they would never be
een by their friends again.

The brethren were compelled to sign deeds of trust for
paying the expense of the mob. About sixty men were re-
tained as prisoners, and the remainder of the Saints ordered
to leave the State, according to the exterminating order
of Governor Boggs.

Thurs. 8. General Wilson placed guards around Adam-
ondi-Ahman, took all the men prisoners and put them
under guard. A court of inquiry was organized, with Adam
Black on the bench, which resulted in the acquittal of the

Fri. 9. Joseph Smith, Jr., and fellow-prisoners arrived
at Richmond, Ray County, Mo., where they were put in
chains and much abused by their guards. On one occasion
the Prophet Joseph rebuked the wicked guard with the
power of God, and stopped the foul conversation with which
the prisoners were being tantalized.

Sat. 10. General Wilson ordered every family to be out
of Adam-ondi-Ahman in ten days, with permission to go to
Caldwell County and tarry till spring, then to leave the
State under pain of extermination.

Tues. 13. Joseph Fielding Smith was born at Far West,

A mock trial, -which lasted sixteen days, was com-
menced at Richmond, and nearly sixty of the brethren were
brought before Judge Austin A. King, charged with treason,
murder, burglary, arson, robbery and larceny. Up to that
date about thirty of the brethren had been killed and
many wounded since the hostilities commenced the previous

Sat. 24. Twenty-three of the Far West prisoners were
discharged at Richmond, Mo., as nothing could be found
against them.

Wed. 28. The remaining prisoners in Richmond were re-
leased, or admitted to bail, except Joseph Smith, Jr., Ly-
man Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith, Alex. McRae and
Sidney Rigdon. who were sent to jail In Liberty, Clay
County, to stand their trial for treason and murder, of
which they were falsely accused; and Parley P. Pratt. Mor-
ris Phelps, Luman Gibbs, Darwin Chase and Norman Shearer
were confined in the Richmond jail to stand their trial on
a similar charge.

December. Wed. 19. John Taylor and John E. Page were
ordained Apostles, at Far West. Mo.

A petition from the Saints in Caldwell County was pre-
sented to the Missouri legislature, causing much warm
debate, but the petition was finally laid on the table, which
meant that the legislature would do nothing for the suffer-
ing Saints.

Thurs. 27. Anson Call -was brutally whipped by a mob,
near Elk Horn, Ray County, Mo.


January. Tues. 29. The Elders met at Far West to com-
plete measures for the removal of the poor from Missouri,
and pledged themselves to assist each other until all were

February. Thurs. 14. Brigham Young, President of the
Twelve, left Far West, Mo., for Illinois, on account of per-

Sat. 23. Many of the fugitive S&ints having arrived at
Quincy, Adams County, 111., the citizens of that place met
to adopt measures for their relief.

About this time Sidney Rigdon was released from prison
in Liberty jail, Mo., on bail.

March. Sun. 17. Thomas B. Marsh, formerly President
of the Twelve, Wm. W. Phelps, Frederick G. Williams,
George M. Hinkle and others were excommunicated from
the Church at a conference held at Quincy, 111.

Wed. 20. Joseph Smith, Jr., who was still imprisoned In
Liberty jail. Mo., wrote an excellent epistle "to the Saints
at Quincy, 111., and scattered abroad," in which was em-
bodied a most fervent prayer in behalf of the suffering
Saints, and words of prophecy. (See Doc. and Cov., Sec.
121, and History of Joseph Smith.)

A few days later the Prophet Joseph continued his epistle
and wrote among other beautiful gems that which con-
stitutes Sections 122 and 123 of the Doctrine and Covenants.

April. Fri. 5. A company of about fifty men in Daviess
County, Mo., swore that they would never eat or drink until
they had murdered Joseph the Prophet.

Sat. 6. Joseph Smith, Jr., and fellow-prisoners were
started from Liberty jail, to Gallatin, Daviess County, Mo.,
where they arrived on the 8th, and were again subjected to
a mock trial before a drunken court and jury.

Thurs. 11. Ten mobbers made an unsuccessful attempt
to kill Stephen Markham in Daviess County, Mo., because
he had testified truthfully in the case of the prisoners.

Sun. 14. The committee for the removal of the Saints
from Missouri moved thirty-six families into Tenney'a
Grove, about twenty-five miles from Far West.

Mon. 15. Joseph Smith, Jr., and fellow-prisoners, started
from Daviess towards Boone County, Mo., under a change
of venue.

Tues. 16. The guard being drunk, Joseph Smith, Jr., and
fellow-prisoners made their escape. After a severe journey
they arrived at Quincy, 111., on the 22nd.

Sat. 20. The last of the Saints left Far West. Thus a
whole community, numbering about fifteen thousand souls,
were expelled from their homes on account of their religion.

Wed. 24. Parley P. Pratt and fellow-prisoners were
brought before the grand jury of Ray County, at Rich-
mond. Darwin Chase and Norman Shearer were dismissed
after having been imprisoned for six months.

Thurs. 25. Joseph Smith, Jr., and others visited Iowa for
the purpose of finding a location for the Church. Com-
merce, Hancock Co., 111., was finally selected as a gathering
place for the Saints.

Fri. 26. Early in the morning a conference was held
on the Temple site at Far West, Mo., in fulfilment of the
revelation given July 8, 1838. Among those present were
Apostles Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Pratt,
John E. Page and John Taylor, who ordained Wilford
Woodruff and George A. Smith Apostles, "to fill the places
of those who had fallen." Alpheus Cutler, the master-
workman of the Temple, then commenced laying its founda-
tion, in accordance with revelation, by rolling up a large
stone near the southeast corner. Isaac Russell, John Good-
son, Luman Gibbs and twenty-eight others were excom-
municated from the Church.

May. Wed. 1. The first purchase of land for the Church
at Commerce, 111., was made by Joseph Smith, Jr., and
others of the committee. The purchase consisted of two
farms bought respectively of Hugh White and Isaac Gal-

Fri. 3. Six of the Apostles met Joseph the Prophet near
Quincy, 111., for the first time after his liberation from

Sat. 4. A two days' conference was commenced on the
Presbyterian camp ground, near Quincy. 111. The doings of
the Twelve at Far West on April 26th were sanctioned.
Elder Oliver Granger was appointed to go to Kirtland, Ohio,
to preside, and the Saints in the Eastern States were ad-
vised to gather to Kirtland and settle that place as a Stake
of Ziori. On the 5th it was decided to send Sidney Rigdon
as a delegate to Washington, D. C., to lay the grievances
of the Saints before the General Government.

Mon. 6. At a conference, held at Quincy, 111.. Wm. Marks
was appointed to preside at Commerce, and John P. Greene
over the Saints in New York. A number of Seventies and
High Priests were called to accompany the Apostles on
their missions to Europe.

Thurs. 9. Joseph Smith, Jr., left Quincy with his family,
and arrived the following day at Commerce.

Wed. 22. Parley P. Pratt, Morris Phelps, Luman Gibbs
and King Follett, having obtained a change of venue, left
Richmond, Mo., handcuffed, for Columbia, Boone County,
where they arrived on the 26th and were thrown Into a
filthy dungeon.

June. The first house erected by the Saints in Commerce
was raised by Theodore Turley.

Mon. 24. The Church purchased the town of Nashville,
in Lee County, Iowa Territory, and twenty thousand acres
of land adjoining it. About the same time another tract
of land lying west of Montrose, lo-wa, opposite Nauvoo, was

July. Much sickness nrevailed among the Saints at Com-
merce, which at that time was a very unhealthful place,
but many of them were miraculously healed by the power
of God.

Tues. 2. Joseph the Prophet advised that a town be built
on the Iowa purchase, to be called Zarahemla.

Thurs. 4. After more than seven months' Imprisonment
without conviction, Farley P. Pratt and Morris Phelps es-
caped from the Columbia jail, Boone County, Mo. They
arrived in Quincy, 111., after days of dreadful suffering from
hunger and fatigue. King Follett, who also tried to escape,
was retaken.

Mon. 22. Elijah Fordham, Henry G. Sherwood, Benjamin
Brown, Joseph B. Noble and many others, at Commerce, 111.,
and Montrose Iowa, were miraculously healed under the
powerful administrations of the Prophet Joseph, assisted
by other Elders.

August. Thurs. 8. Apostles John Taylor and Wilford
Woodruff left Commerce, 111., on a mission to England.

Thurs. 29. Apostles Parley P. Pratt and Orson Pratt and
Elder Hiram Clark departed from Commerce on a mission
to England.

September. Wed. 18. Apostles Brigham Young and
Heber C. Kimball started from Commerce on a mission to
England, leaving their families sick and poverty-stricken.

Sat. 21. Apostle Geo. A. Smith and Elders Reuben Hed-
lock and Theodore Turley left Commerce for England on
a mission.

October. Sat. 5. At a general conference, held at Com-
merce, William Marks was appointed president of that
Stake, Edward Partridge, Bishop of the upper Ward, and
Vinson Knight, Bishop of the lower Ward. Geo. W. Harris,
Samuel Bent, Henry G. Sherwood, David Fullmer, Alpheus
Cutler, Wm. Huntington. Thomas Grover, Newel Knight,
Chas. C. Rich, David Dort, Seymour Brunson and Lewis D.
Wilson were chosen members of the High Council. John
Smith was appointed to preside over the Saints on the



Other side of the Mississippi river, in Iowa Territory, with
Alanson Bipley as Bishop. Asahel Smith, John M. Burk,
Abraham O. Smoot, Bichard Howard, Willard Snow, Erastus
Snow, David Pettigrew, Elijah Fordham, Edward Fisher,
Elias Smith, John Patten and Stephen Chase were chosen
as members of the High Council.

Thurs. 17. Apostle Heber C. Kimball was poisoned at
Terre Haute, Ind., but his life was saved by the administra-
tion of Apostle Brigham Young:.

Sat. 19. The High Council appointed for the Church in
Iowa met for the first time, at Nashville, Iowa. Beynolds
Cahoon and Lyman Wight were appointed counselors to
John Smith.

Tues. 29. Joseph Smith, Jr., accompanied by Sidney Big-
don, Elias Higbee and O. Porter Bockwell, left Commerce
for Washington, D. C., to lay the grievances of the Saints
before the President and Congress of the United States.

In the latter part of this month King Follett, the last of
the Missouri prisoners, was tried and set free.

November. The first number of the "Times and Seasons"
was published at Commerce, 111.

Sun. 3. James Mulholland, Joseph Smith's clerk, died at

Wed. 27. Brigham Toung, rebuked the wind and Tvaves
on Lake Erie, and he was obeyed.

Thurs. 28. Joseph Smith, Jr.. arrived at Washington, D. C.

December. Thurs. 19. Apostles Wilford Woodruff and
John Taylor and Elder Theodore Turley sailed from New
York for England; they arrived at Liverpool Jan. 11, 1840.

Sat. 21. Joseph Smith, Jr., arrived at Philadelphia, Pa.,
(from Washington), where he remained until the 30th,
preaching the gospel.


January. Sun. 12. Francis Marion Lyman was born at
Macomb, McDonough Co., 111.

March. Multitudes were baptized into the Church in the
United States and England. ' Apostle Wilford Woodruff
built up large branches in Herefordshire, England.

Wed. 4. Joseph Smith, Jr., arrived in Commerce, 111.,
from Washington, D. C., after a fruitless endeavor to obtain
redress for the wrongs suffered by the Saints in Missouri.
He had presented to Congress claims against Missouri from
491 Individuals for about $1,381,000. President Martin Van
Buren, in answer to Joseph's appeal, said, "Your cause is
just, but I can do nothing for you." The Committee on the
Judiciary, to whom was referred the memorial of the Saints,
reported adversely to the prayer of the petitioners.

Mon. 9. .Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Parley P.
Pratt, George A. Smith and Reuben Hedlock sailed from
New York on the ship "Patrick Henry" for Liverpool, where
they arrived April 6th.

April. Mon. 6. A general conference of the Church was
commenced at Nauvoo, 111. It continued three days. On the
first day Apostle Orson Hyde was called on a mission to
Jerusalem and on the 8th Apostle John E. Page was ap-
pointed to accompany him. The conference also adopted a
series of resolutions, expressive of sorrow and disappoint-
ment at the action of the Committee of the Judiciary at
Washington, D. C.

Tues. 14. At a council of the Apostles held at Preston,
England, Willard Richards was ordained one of the Twelve

Wed. 15. Apostle Orson Hyde left Commerce, 111., on his
mission to Jerusalem.

At a conference held at Preston, England, where 34
branches and 1,686 members were represented, It was de-
cided to publish a monthly periodical In the interest of the
Church in England.

Tues. 21. The Postmaster General at Washington, D. C.,
changed the name of the postoffice at Commerce, Hancock
Co., ni., to Nauvoo, and appointed George W. Robinson

May. Sat. 9. Elder Theodore Turley, who had been im-
prisoned in Stafford jail, England, at the Instigation of a
Methodist preacher, was released.

Wed. 27. Bishop Edward Partridge died at Nauvoo, 46
years old. He lost his life in consequence of the Missouri

The first number of "The Latter-day Saints' Millennial
Star," was published at Manchester, England: Apostle Parley
P. Pratt, editor.

June. By this time the Saints had erected about two
hundred and fifty houses in Nauvoo.

Sat. 6. Forty-one Saints sailed from Liverpool, England,
on the ship "Britannia," for the United States, being the first
Saints that gathered from a foreign land. John Moon was
leader of the company.

Sun. 14. The Bran Green and Gadfleld Elm conference
was organized by Apostle Wilford Woodruff in Worcester-
shire, England, consisting of twelve branches. This was
the first conference organized In the British mission.

Sun. 21. At a meeting held on Stanley Hill, Hereford-
shire, England, the Froome's Hill conference was organized
by Apostle Wilford Woodruff, consisting of twenty branches.

July. The first British edition of the Latter-day Saints'
Hymn Book was published in England.

Tues. 7. James Allred, Noah Rogers, Alanson Brown and
Benjamin Boyce were kidnapped from Hancock County, 111.,
by Missourians, and taken to Tully, Lewis Co., Mo., where
they were Imprisoned, whipped and Ill-treated until nearly
dead. Brown and Allred escaped a few days afterwards.

Sat. 11. Apostle Geo. A. Smith ordained and set apart
Wm. Barratt at Burslem, Staffordshire, England, for a mis-
sion to South Australia. He was the first missionary to
that country.

Mon. 20. John Moon's company of British emigrants ar-
rived at New York.

Mon. 27. Apostle John Taylor sailed from Liverpool for
Ireland to open the door of the gospel in that country.

August. Elder Wm. Donaldson, of the British army,

sailed from England for the East Indies. He was the first
member of the Church to visit that country.

Fri. 21. ; Noah Rogers and Benjamin Boyce escaped from
their unlawful imprisonment in Missouri, during which they
had been put in irons and suffered much.

Mon. 31. Apostle Heber C. Kimball baptized Henry Con-
ner, a watchmaker, in London, England, as the first fruit
of preaching the fullness of the gospel in that city.

September. Apostle John Taylor and others first preached
the gospel on the Isle of Man.

Mon. 8. The ship "North America" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with about two hundred Saints, under the presi-
dency of Theodore Turley, bound for Nauvoo, 111.

Sun. 14. Joseph Smith, Sr., Patriarch to the Church, died
at Nauvoo.

Mon. 15. Gov. Lilburn W. Boggs, of Missouri, made a
demand on Gov. Thos. Carlin, of Illinois, for Joseph Smith,
Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley P. Pratt, Caleb
Baldwin and Alanson Brown as fugitives from justice.

October. Fri. 3. At a conference held at Nauvoo, Robert

B. Thompson was appointed General Church Clerk, instead
of Geo. W. Robinson. Almon W. Babbitt was appointed to
preside over the Church at Kirtland, Ohio, and a committee
was appointed to organize new Stakes for the 'gathering of
the Saints.

Wed. 22. A Stake was organized by the committee at
Lima, Hancock Co., 111., with Isaac Morley as president and
John Murdock and Walter Cox as his counselors.

Sat. 25. A Stake was organized at Qulncy, Adams Co.,
111., with Daniel Stanton, Stephen Jones and Ezra T. Benson
as the presidency.

Mon. 27.- A Stake called Mount Hope was organized at
the steam mills, Columbus, Adams Co., HI., with the fol-
lowing brethren as the presidency. Abel Lamb, Sherman
Gilbert and John Smith.

November. Sat. 1. The committee organized a Stake
called Geneva, in Morgan County, 111., with Wm. Bosley,
Howard S. Smith and Samuel Fowler as the presidency.

December. Wed. 16. The charter for the incorporation
of Nauvoo, granted by the State legislature, was signed by
Gov. Thomas Carlin, but not to take effect until the first
of February following.


January. The first number of the "Gospel Reflector," a
semi-monthly periodical published in the interest of the
Church, was issued in Philadelphia, Fa.; Benjamin Win-
chester, editor.

The first British edition of the Book of Mormon was
published in Manchester, England.

Tues. 19. The Saints were commanded by revelation to
build a Temple at Nauvoo, 111., and also a "boarding house"
for the accommodation of strangers, which subsequently
became known as the Nauvoo House. The general au-
thorities of the Church and other officers were named In
the revelation, which also contains important explanations
on the order of the Priesthood. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 124.)

And again, verily I say unto you. my servant George Miller is
without guile; he may be trusted because of the integrity of his
heart; and for the love which he has to my testimony r, the Lord,
love him;

I therefore say unto you, I seal upon his head the office of a
bishopric, like unto my servant Edward Partridge, that he may
receive the consecrations of mine house, that he may administer
blessings upon the heads of the poor of my people, salth the Lord.
Let no man despise my servant George, for he shall honor me.

Let my servant George, and my servant Lyman, and my servant
John Snider, and others, build a house unto my name, such an one
as my servant Joseph shall show unto them; upon the place which
he shall show unto them also.

And it shall be for a house for boarding, a house that strangers
may ccme from afar to lodge therein: therefore let it be a good
house, worthy of all acceptation, that the weary traveler may find
health and safety while he shall contemplate the word of the Lord;
and the corner stone I have appointed for Zion. *

But I command you, all ye my saints, to build a house unto me;
and I grant unto you a sufficient time to build a house unto me,
and during this time your baptisms shall be acceptable unto me.

But behold, at the end of this appointment, your baptisms for
your dead shall not be acceptable unto me: and If you do not these
things at the end of the appointment, ye shall be rejected as a
church, with your dead, saith the Lord your God. '

Verily I say unto you, I now give unto you the officers belonging
to my Priesthood, that ye may hold the keys thereof, even the
Priesthood which is after the order of Melchlsedek. which Is after
the order of my Only Begotten Son.

First, T give unto you Hyrum Smith, to be a Patriarch unto you,
to hold the sealing blessings of my church, even the Holy Spirit
of promise, whereby ye are sealed up unto the day of redemption,
that ye may not fall, notwithstanding the hour of temptation that
may come upon you.

I give unto you my servant Joseph, to be a presiding elaer over
all my church, to be a translator, a revelator, a seer, and prophet.

I give unto him for counselors my servant Sidney Rigdon, ana
my servant William Law. that these may constitute a quorum and
First Presidency, to receive the oracles for the whole church.

I give unto you my servant Brigham Young, to be a President
over the Twelve traveling Council,

Which Twelve hold the keys to open up the authority of n
kingdom upon the four corners of the earth, and after that to se
my word to every creature:

They are Heber C. Kimball. Parley P. Pratt. Orson Pratt. Orson
Hyde, William Smith. John Taylor. John E. Page. Wllford Woodruff,
Wlllard Richards, George A. Smith:

David Patten I have taken unto myself: behold, his Priest]
no man taketh from him; but. verily I say unto you, another may
be appointed unto the same calling.

And again, I say unto you, I give unto you a High Council, fc
the corner stone of Zion:

Viz.. Samuel Bent. H. G. Sherwood. George W Harris. Char

C. Rich. Thomas Grover. Newel Knight. David Dort. Dunb ? a r I ,y l 'L IS ' n I h
(Seymour Brunson I have taken unto myself, no man 'aljetti ms
Priesthood, but another may be appointed unto the sa ,,me Priesthood
in his stead and verily I say unto you let my fgypt&g?*
Johnson be ordained unto this calling in his stead;) David Fullmer,
Alpheus Cutler. William Huntington.



And again, I give unto you Don C. Smith, to be a president over
a quorum of High Priests:

Which ordinance is instituted for the purpose of qualifying: those
who shall be appointed standing presidents or servants over different
Stakes scattered abroad.

And they may travel also if they choose, but rather be ordained
for standing presidents, this is the office of their calling, saith the
Lord your God.

I give unto him Amasa Lyman. and Noah Packard for counselors,
that they may preside over the quorum of High Priests of my
church, saith the Lord.

And again, I say unto you. I give unto you John A. Hicks. Samuel
Williams, and Jesse Baker, which Priesthood is to preside over the

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 284 of 293)