Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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quorum of elders, which quorum is instituted for standing ministers,
nevertheless they may travel, yet they are ordained to be standing
ministers to my church, sailh the Lord.

And again, I give unto you Joseph Young, Josiah Butterfield.
Daniel Miles, Henry Herriman. Zera Pulsipher. Lev! Hancock, James
Foster, to preside over the quorum of seventies.

Which quorum is instituted for traveling elders to bear record
of my name In all the world, wherever the traveling High Council,
my apostles, shall send them to prepare a way before my face.

The difference between this quorum and the quorum of elders Is,
that one is to travel continually, and the other is to preside over
the churches from time to time; the one has the responsibility of
presiding from time to time, and the other has no responsibility of
presiding, saith the Lord your God.

And again. I say unto you I give unto you Vinson Knight. Samuel
H. Smith, and Shadrach Roundy. If he will receive it. to preside
over the bishopric; a knowledge of said bishopric is given unto you
in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants.

And again, I say unto you, Samuel Holfe and his counselors for
priests, and the president of the teachers and his counselors, and
also the president of the deacons and his counselors, and also the
president of the stake and his counselors;

The above offices 1 have given unto you, and the keys thereof, for
helps and for governments, for the work of the ministry, and the
perfecting of my saints;

And a commandment I give unto you that you should fill all
these offices and approve of those names which I have mentioned,
or else disapprove of them at my general conference. Doc. and Cov.
124:20-23. 31-32. 123-144.

Sun. 24. Hyrum Smith succeeded his father, Joseph Smith,
Sr., as Patriarch to the Church, and Wm. Law was ap-
pointed a Counselor in the First Presidency, succeeding
Hyrum Smith in that capacity, according to revelation.

Sat. 30. At a meeting held at Nauvoo, 111., Joseph Smith
was elected sole Trustee for the Church, to hold the office
during life, bia "successors to be the First Presidency" of
the Church.

February. Mon. 1. The first election took place for
members of the city council of Nauvoo. John C. Bennett
was elected mayor; Wm. Marks, Samuel H. Smith, Daniel
H. Wells and Newel K. Whitney, aldermen; Joseph Smith,
Hyrum Smith, (Sidney Rigdon, Charles C. Rich, John F. Bar-
nett, Wilson Law, Don Carlos Smith, John P. Greene and
Vinson Knight, councilors.

Wed. 3. The city council of Nauvoo elected Henry G.
Sherwood, marshal; James Sloan, recorder; Robert B.
Thompson, treasurer; James Robinson, assessor; Austin
Cowles, supervisor of streets.

Thurs. 4. The Nauvoo Legion, originally consisting of six
companies, was organized with Joseph Smith as lieutenant-
general.

Sun. 7. The ship "Sheffield" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with 235 Saints, under the leadership of Hiram Clark.

Sat. 13. Apostle Orson Hyde sailed from New York for
Liverpool, on his mission to Jerusalem.

Sun. 14. The London (England) conference was organized
with Lorenzo Snow as president.

Tues. 16. The ship "Echo" sailed from Liverpool, England,
with 109 Saints, under the direction of Daniel Browitt.

March. The Saints were commanded by revelation to
build a city In Iowa Territory, opposite Nauvoo, to be called
Zarahemla. (Doc. and Cov. Sec. 125.)

Let them build up a city unto my name upon the land opposite
to the city of Nauroo. and let the name of Zarahemla be named upon
It. Doc. and COT. 125:3.

Mon. 1. The city council divided the city of Nauvoo into
four wards. An ordinance was passed, giving free tolera-
tion and equal privileges in the city to all religious sects
and denominations.

Wed. 10. Gov. Thos. Carlin, of Illinois, commissioned
Joseph Smith lieutenant-general of the Nauvoo Legion.

Wed. 17. The ship "Uleste" sailed from Liverpool. England,
with 54 Saints, under the direction of Thomas Smith and
Wm. Moss, bound for America.

Mon. 29. Charles C. Rich and Austin Cowles were chosen
counselors to Wm. Marks, president of the Nauvoo Stake
of Zion.

April. Tuea. . A general conference of the Church was
commenced at Nauvoo. and the corner stones of the Nauvoo
Temple were laid. The conference was continued till the
llth.

Thurs. 8. Lyman Wight was chosen one of the Twelve
Apostles, In place of David W. Patten, martyred in Mis-
souri.

Wed. 21. Apostles Brlgham Young. Heber C. Kimball,
Orson Pratt, Wilford Woodruff, John Taylor, Geo. A. Smith
and Willard Richards sailed from Liverpool, England, on
the ship "Rochester," accompanied by 130 Saints. They ar-
rived at New York May 20th.

May. Sat. 22. At a conference held at Kirtland. Ohio.
Almon W. Babbitt was chosen president of the Kirtland
Stake, with Lester Brooks and Zebedee Coltrin as coun-
selors.

Mon. 24. The First Presidency at Nauvoo called upon
all scattered Saints to gather to Hancock County, 111., and
Lee County, Iowa. All neighboring Stakes outside of these
two counties were discontinued.

June. Sat. 5. Joseph Smith was arrested on a requisition
from the State of Missouri. He was tried on the 9th and
liberated on the 10th on a writ of habeas corpus, at lion-
mouth. Warren Co., 111.

Tues. 22. Theodore Curtis, who had been under arrest in
Gloucester. England, five days for preaching the gospel, was
acquitted.



July. Thurs. 1. Apostles Brigham Young. Heber C. Kim-
ball and John Taylor arrived at Nauvoo from their missions
to England.

Fri. 9. By revelation, through Joseph the Prophet,
Apostle Brigham Young was commanded to send the "word"
abroad, and to take special care of his family. (Doc. and
Cov., Sec. 126.)

Tues. 13. Apostle Geo. A. Smith returned to Nauvoo from
his mission to England.

Sun. 25. Wm. Yokum lost his leg by amputation, as the
result of a wound received in the massacre at Haun's Mill,
Mo.

August. Sat. 7. Don Carlos Smith, the youngest brother
of the Prophet, died at Nauvoo.

Thurs. 12. Joseph Smith preached to about one hundred
Sac and Fox Indians (among whom were the chiefs Keo-
kuk, Kiskuhosh and Appenoose), who had come to visit
him at Nauvoo.

Mon. 16. Apostle Willard Richards arrived at Nauvoo
from his mission to England.

Wed. 25. Oliver Granger died at Kirtland. Ohio.

Fri. 27. Robert B. Thompson, Joseph Smith's scribe, died
at Nauvoo.

September. Tues. 21. The ship "Tyrean" sailed from
Liverpool for New Orleans with 204 Saints, under the direc-
tion of Joseph Fielding, bound for Nauvoo.

Wed. 22. A company of brethren left Nauvoo for the
Pineries. Wisconsin, about five hundred miles north, to
procure lumber for the Nauvoo Temple.

October. Sat. 2. An important general conference was
commenced in the Grove at Nauvoo. It was continued till
the 4th. Joseph Smith declared, as the will of the Lord,
that the Church should not hold another general conference
until the Saints could meet in the Temple. James Sloan
was elected Church clerk, instead of Robert B. Thompson,
deceased.

Wed. 6. Apostle Wilford Woodruff arrived at Nauvoo
from his mission to England.

Thurs. 7. In a council of the Twelve, a number of brethren
were called on missions, amontr whom were Joseph Ball to*
South America and Henry Harrison Sagers to Jamaica, West
Indies.

Sun. 24. Apostle Orson Hyde, who had arrived at Jeru-
salem, ascended the Mount of Olives and dedicated the land
of Palestine by prayer for the gathering of the Jews.

November. Mon. 8. The temporary baptismal font in
the Nauvoo Temple was dedicated.

The ship "Chaos" sailed from Liverpool with 170 Saints,
under the direction of Peter Melling, bound for Nauvoo.

Sun. 21. Baptisms for the dead were commenced in the
font in the basement of the Nauvoo Temple.

Wed. 24. The "Tyrean" company of British Saints arrived
at Warsaw, intending to settle Warren, a new town site,
one mile south of Warsaw, which had been selected for a
settlement of the Saints, but they soon afterwards removed
to Nauvoo, because of oppression on the part of anti-Mor-
mons.

December. Sat. 4. The Stake organization at Ramus,
Hancock Co., 111., was discontinued.

Mon. 13. Apostle Willard Richards was appointed Joseph
Smith's private secretary and general clerk for the Church.

Wed. 22. John Snider was called by revelation on a
special mission to Europe, bearing a message from the
Twelve.

1842

January. Thurs. 6. A conference was held at Zarahemla,
Iowa, opposite Nauvoo. when a Stake of Zion, previously
organized there, was discontinued, and a branch organized
in its stead, with John Smith as president.

Wed. 12. The ship "Tremont" sailed from Liverpool with
143 Saints bound for Nauvoo via New Orleans.

February. Wed. 2. Moses Thatcher was born in Sanga-
mon County, 111

Thurs. 3. Apostle Wilford Woodruff took the superin-
tendency of the printing office and Apostle John Taylor the
editorial department of the "Times and Seasons." at Nauvoo.

Sat. 5. The ship "Hope" sailed from Liverpool for New
Orleans with 270 Saints.

Sun. 20. The ship "John Gumming" sailed from Liverpool
with about 200 Stunts.

March. The "Millennial Star" office in England was moved
from Manchester (No. 47 Oxford Street) to the Church emi-
gration office in Liverpool (No. 36 Chapel Street).

Sat. 12. The ship "Hanover" sailed from Liverpool with
about two hundred Saints, under the direction of Amos
Fielding.

Tues. 15. Joseph Smith took charge of the editorial de-
partment of the "Times and Seasons."

Thurs. 17. The organization of the Female Relief So-
ciety of Nauvoo was commenced. It was completed on the
24th, with Emma Smith as president and Mrs. Elizabeth
Ann Whitley and Mrs. Sarah M. Cleveland, counselors; Miss
Elvira Cowles, treasurer; and Eliza R. Snow, secretary.

Sun. 20. Joseph Smith baptized eighty persons for the
dead in the Mississippi river, after which he confirmed
about fifty.

Sat. 26.^Tohn Snider left Nauvoo on his special mission
to England.

Sun. 27. Joseph Smith baptized 107 persons for the dead
in the Mississippi river.

April. Wed. 6. A special conference of the Church was
held at Nauvoo; it was continued till the 8th, and during its
sessions 275 brethren were ordained Elders.

Wed. 13. About two hundred Saints arrived at Nauvoo
from Great Britain.

Sat. 16. The "Wasp" a miscellaneous weekly newspaper,
was first published at Nauvoo; Wm. Smith, editor.

Fri. 29. Joseph Smith wrote: "A conspiracy against the
peace of my household was made manifest, and it gave me
some trouble to counteract the design of certain base indi-
viduals and restore peace. The Lord makes manifest to me



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PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



many things, which it Is not wisdom for me to make public
until others can witness the proof of them."

May Wed. 4. Joseph Smith gave James Adams, Hyrum
Smith, Newel K. Whitney, George Miller, Brigham Young,
Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards instructions about
holy endowments.

Fri. e. Ex-Governor Lilburn W. Boggs, of Missouri, was
shot, but not killed, at Independence, Mo.

Sat. 7. The Nauvoo Legion, now numbering 26 companies,
or 2,000 men, was reviewed and it fought a sham battle, in
which John C. Bennett conspired against the Prophet's life,
but failed to carry out his design.

Thurs. 19. John C. Bennett having resigned the mayor-
ship of Nauvoo, Joseph Smith was elected by the city coun-
cil to fill the vacancy.

Tues. 24. Chauncy L. Higbee was excommunicated from
the Church by the High Council of Nauvoo, for unchaste and
unvirtuous conduct.

Wed. 25. The authorities of the Church had at this time
withdrawn their fellowship from John C. Bennett, who soon
afterwards left Nauvoo.

June. Wed. 1. At a general conference held in Man-
chester, England. 8,265 officers and members of the Church
were represented.

July. Sun. 3. Joseph Smith spoke to eight thousand
people at Nauvoo.

August. Apostle Orson Hyde published a pamphlet of
120 pages in the German language, in Germany, entitled
"A Cry in the Wilderness," etc., setting forth the rise,
progress and doctrines of the Church.

Sat. 6. Joseph Smith prophesied that the Saints would
be driven to the Rocky Mountains, where they should be-
come a mighty people.

(As recorded in his own words. "I prophesied that the Saints
would continue to suffer much affliction, and would be driven to
the Rocky Mountains. Many would apostatize; others would be put
to death by our persecutors, or lose their lives in consequence of
exposure or disease; and some would live to go and assist in
making settlements and budding cities, and see the Saints become
a mighty people in the midst of the Rocky Mountains.")

Mon. 8. Joseph Smith was arrested by a deputy sheriff at
'Nauvoo, by requisition from Gov. Thos. Reynolds, of Mis-
souri, falsely accused of being accessory to the shooting of
ex-Governor Boggs. O. Porter Rockwell was also arrested
as principal. A writ of habeas corpus was issued by the
municipal court of Nauvoo, by -which the prisoners were
released for the time being.

Wed. 10.- The deputy sheriff returned to Nauvoo to re-
arrest Joseph Smith and O. Porter Rockwell, but they could
not be found. To escape imprisonment the Prophet had to
keep concealed for some time. His first retreat was the
house of his uncle John Smith, at Zarahemla. la.

Thurs. 11. Joseph Smith concealed himself in the house
of Edward Sayer, in Nauvoo.

Thurs. 18. Rumors being afloat that the Prophet's hiding
place was discovered, he changed his quarters from the
house of Edward Sayer to that of Carlos Granger, who lived
In the northeast part of Nauvoo. Great excitement prevailed
among the people around Nauvoo on account of John C.
Bennett's lies.

Fri. 19. Joseph Smith returned to his own house.

Sat. 20. Amasa M. Lyman was ordained one of the
Twelve Apostles.

Sun. 21. Sidney Rigdon testified in public meeting, at
Nauvoo, that his daughter, Eliza, had been raised from the
dead by the power of God.

Mon. 29. After not showing himself in public for three
weeks, Joseph Smith spoke to an assembly of Saints at
Nauvoo; 380 Elders volunteered to take missions to the
various States of the Union for the purpose of refuting 1
John C. Bennett's lies.

September. Thurs. 1. Joseph Smith wrote an address to
the Saints at Nauvoo concerning baptism for the dead.
(Doc. and Cov., Sec. 127.)

Verily, thus saith the Lord unto you concerning your dead: When
any of you are baptized for your dead, let there be a Recorder, and
let him be eye witness of your baptisms; let him hear with his
ears, that he may testify of a truth, saith the Lord; * * Doc.
and Cov., 127:6.

Sat. 3. -Another effort was made to arrest Joseph Smith
without legal process. His house was searched, but he
eluded pursuit, and afterwards kept himself hid for some
time in the house of Edward Hunter.

Tues. 6. Joseph Smith wrote another important address
to the Saints in relation to baptism for the dead, and the
necessity of keeping records. (Doc. and Cov., See. 128.)
Address to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dated
Nauvoo, September 6th. 1842.

As I stated to you in my letter before I left my place, that I
would write to you from time to time, and give you information In
relation to many subjects. I now resume the subject of the baptism
for the dead, as that subject seems to occupy my mind, and press
Itself upon my feelings the strongest, since I have been pursued by
my enemies.

I wrote a few words of revelation to you concerning a recorder.
I have had a few additional views In relation to this matter,
which I now certify. That is. It was declared in my former letter
that there should be a recorder, who should be eye witness, and
also to hear with his ears, that he might make a record of a truth
before the Lord.

Now, In relation to this matter, it would be very difficult for one
recorder to be present at all times, and to do all the business. To
obviate this difficulty, there can be a recorder appointed in each
ward of the city, who is well qualified for taking accurate minutes;
and let him be very particular a'nd precise In taking the whole
proceedings, certifying in his record that he saw with his eyes,
and heard with his ears, giving the date and names, etc., and the
history of the whole transaction: naming also, some three indi-
viduals that are present. If there be any present, who can at any
time when called upon, certify to the same, that In the mouth of
two or three witnesses, every word may be established.

Then let there be a general recorder, to whom these other records
can be handed, being attended with certificates over their own
signatures, certifying that the record they have made la true. Then



the general church recorder, can enter the record on the general
church book, with the certificates and all the attending witnesses,
with his own statement that he verily believes the above statement
and records to be true, from his knowledge of the general character
and appointment of those men by the church. And when this Is
done on the general church book, the record shall be just as holy,
and shall answer the ordinance just the same as if he had seen
with his eyes, and heard with his ears, and made a record of the
same on the general church book.

You may think this order of things to be very particular, but
let me tell you, that it is only to answer the will of Gpd. by con-
forming to the ordinance and preparation that the Lord ordained
and prepared before the. foundation of the world, for the salvation
of the dead who should die without a knowledge of the gospel.

And further I want you to remember that John the Revelator
was contemplating this very subject in relation to the dead, when
he declared, as you will find recorded in Revelations xx. 12 "And
I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God: and the books
were opened; and another book was opened, which was the book
of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were
written in the books, according to their works."

You will discover in this quotation, that the books were opened;
and another book was opened, which was the book of life: but the
dead were judged out of those things which were written in the
books, according to their works; consequently the hooks spoken of
must be the books which contained the record of their works; and
refer to the records which are kept on the earth. And the book
which was the book of life, is the record which is kept in heaven;
the principle agreeing precisely with the doctrine which is com-
manded you In the revelation contained in the letter which I
wrote to you previously to my leaving my place -that in all your
recordings it may be recorded In heaven.

Now the nature of this ordinance consists In the power of the
Priesthood, by the revelation of Jesus Christ, wherein it is granted,
that whatsoever you bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven, and
whatsoever you loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven. Or. in
other words, taking a different view of the translation, whatsoever
you record on earth, shall be recorded in heaven; and whatsoever
you do not record on earth, shall not be recorded in heaven: for out
of the books shall your dead be judged, according to their own
works, whether they themselves have attended to the ordinances
In their own propria persona, or by the means of their own agents,
according to the ordinance which God has prepared for their salva-
tion from before the foundation of the world, according to the
records which they have kept concerning their dead.

It may seem to some to be a very bold doctrine that we talk of
a power which records or binds on earth, and binds in heaven.
Nevertheless in all ages of the world, whenever the Lord has
given a dispensation of the Priesthood to any man by actual revela-
tion, or any set of men. this power has always been given. Hence,
whatsoever those men did in authority, in the name of the Lord,
and did it truly and faithfully, and kept a proper and faithful
record of the same, it became a law on earth and In heaven, and
could not be annulled, according to the decrees of the great
Jehovah. This is a faithful saying! Who can hear it?

And again, for the precedent. Matthew xvi. 18. 19. "And I also
say unto thee. that thou art Peter: and upon this rock I will build
my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it; and I
will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and what-
soever thou shall bind on earth, shall be bound In heaven: and
whatsoever thou Shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven."

Now the great and grand secret of the whole matter, and the
Rtummim bonum of the whole subject that is lying before us. consists
in obtaining the powers of the Holy Priesthood. For him to whom
these keys are given, there is no difficulty in obtaining a knowledge
of facts in relation to the salvation of the children of men. both a
well for the dead as for the living.

Herein is glory and honor, and immortality and eternal life. The
ordinance of baptism by water, to be Immersed therein in order to
answer to the likeness of the dead, that one principle might accord
with the other. To be immersed in the water and come forth out
of the water is in the likeness of the resurrection of the dead in
coming forth out of their graves; hence this ordinance was Insti-
tuted to form a relationship with the ordinance of baptism for the
dead, being in likeness of the dead.

Consequently the baptismal font was instituted as a simile of the
grave, and was commanded to be in a place underneath where the
living are wont to assemble, to show forth the living and the dead;
and that all things may have their likeness, and that they may
accord one with another: that which is earthly conforming to that
which is heavenly, as Paul hath declared. 1 Corinthians xv. 46. 47,
and 48.

"Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is
natural, and afterwards that which Is spiritual. The first man is
of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord, from heaven.
As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the
heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly." And as are the
records on the earth in relation to your dead, which are truly made
out. so also are the records in heaven. This, therefore, is the
sealing and binding power, and, in one sense of the word, the keys
of the kingdom which consist In the key of knowledge.

And now, my dearly beloved brethren and sisters, let me assure
you that these are principles In relation to the dead, and the living,
that cannot be lightly passed over, as pertaining to our salvation.
For their salvation is necessary, and essential to our salvation, as
Paul says concerning the fathers "that they without us cannot be
made perfect:" neither can we without our dead be made perfect.

And now. In relation to the baptism for the dead, I will give
you another quotation of Paul. 1 Corinthians xv. 29. "Else what
shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not
at all; why are they then baptized for the dead?"

And again. In connection with this quotation. I will give you a
quotation from one of the prophets, who had his eye fixed on the
restoration of the Priesthood, the glories to be revealed in the last
days, and In an especial manner this most glorious of all subjects
belonging to the everlasting gospel, viz.. the baptism for the dead;
for Malacbl says, last chapter, verses 5th and 6th. "Behold, T will
send you Elijah the prophet, before the coming of the great and
dreadful day of the Lord: and he shall turn the heart of the
fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their
fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse."

I might have rendered a plainer translation to this, but it Is
sufficiently plain to suit my purpose as It stands. It Is sufficient to
know, in this case, that the earth will be smitten with a curse,
unless there is a welding link of some kind or other, between the
fathers and the children, upon some subject or other, and behold
what Is that subject? It is the baptism for the dead. For we
without them cannot be made perfect; neither can they without
us be made perfect. Neither can they nor we. be made perfect,
without those who have died in the gospel also: for it is necessary
In the ushering in of the dispensation of the fullness of times;
which dispensation Is now beginning to usher in. that a whole and
complete and perfect union, and welding together of dispensations,
and keys, and powers, and glories should take place, and be



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



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revealed from the days of Adam even to the present time; and not
only this, but those things which never have been revealed from



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 285 of 293)