Frank Ellwood Esshom.

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unto him, and he abode In my law. as Isaac also, and Jacob did
none other things than that which they were commanded; and
because they did none other things than that which they were
commanded, they have entered into their exaltation, according to the
promises, and sit upon thrones, and are not angels, but are Gods.

David also received many wives and concubines, as also Solomon
and Moses my servants; as also many others of my servants, from
the beginning of creation until this time: and In nothing did they
sin. save in those things which they received not of me.

David's wives and concubines were given unto him. of me, by
the hand of Nathan, my servant, and others of the prophets who
had the keys of this power; and In none of these things did he sin
against me, save in the case of Uriah and his wife; and, therefore



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1305



he hath fallen from his exaltation, and received his portion; and he
shall not Inherit them out of the world; for I gave them unto
another, Eaith the Lord.

I am the Lord thy God. and I gave unto thee, my servant Joseph,
an appointment, and restore all things; ask what ye will, and it
shall be given unto you according to my word:

And as ye have asked concerning adultery verily, verily I say
unto you, if a man receiveth a wife in the new and everlasting
covenant, and if she be with another man, and I have not appointed
unto her by the holy anointing, she hath committed adultery, and
shall be destroyed.

If she be not in the new and everlasting covenant, and she be
with another man, she has committed adultery;

And if her husband be with another woman, and he was under
a vow, he hath broken his vow, and hath committed adultery.

And if she hath not committed adultery, but is Innocent, and
hath not broken her vow, and she knoweth it, and I reveal it unto
you, my servant Joseph, then shall you have power, by the power
of my Holy Priesthood, to take her. and give her unto him that
hath not committed adultery, but hath been faithful for he shall
be made ruler over many;



For I have conferred upon you the keys and power of the Priest-
known unto you all
things in due time.



hood, wherein I restore all things, and make



And verily, verily I say unto you, that whatsoever you seal on
earth, shall be sealed in heaven; and whatsoever you bind on earth,
in my name, and by my word, saith the Lord, it shall be eternally
bound in the heavens; and whosesoever sins you remit on earth
shall be remitted eternally in the heavens; and whosesoever sins
you retain on earth, shall be retained in heaven.

And again, verily I say, whomsoever you bless, I will bless, and
whomsoever you curse. I will curse, saith the Lord; for I, the Lord,
am thy God.

And again, verily I say unto you, my servant Joseph, that what-
soever you give on earth, and to whomsoever you give any one on
earth, by my word, and according to my law, it shall be visited
with blessings, and not cursings, and with my power, saith the
Lord, and shall be without condemnation on earth, and in heaven;

For I am the Lord thy God. and will be with thee even unto the
end of the world, and through all eternity; for verily, I seal upon
you your exaltation, and prepare a throne for you in the kingdom
of my Father, with Abraham your father.

Behold, I have seen your sacrifices, and will forgive all your
sins; I have seen your sacrifices, in obedience to that which I have
told you; go, therefore, and I make a way for your escape, as I
accepted the offering of Abraham, of his son Isaac.

Verily, I say unto you, a commandment I give unto mine hand-
maid, Emma Smith, your wife, whom I have given unto you. that
she stay herself, and partake not of that which I commanded yoa
to offer unto her; for I did it. saith the Lord, to prove you all, as
I did Abraham; and that I might require an offering at your hand,
by covenant and sacrifice;

And let mine handmaid, Emma Smith, receive all those that
have been given unto my servant Joseph, and who are virtuous
and pure before me; and those who are not pure, and have said
they were pure, shall be destroyed, saith the Lord God;

For I am the Lord thy God, and ye shall obey my voice; and I
give unto my servant Joseph, that he shall be made ruler over
many things, for he hath been faithful over a few things, and from
henceforth I will strengthen him.

And I command mine handmaid. Emma Smith, to abide and
cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. But if she will
not abide thia commandment, she shall be destroyed, saith the
Lord; for I am the Lord thy God, and will destroy her, if she
abide not in my law:

But if she will not abide this commandment, then shall my
servant Joseph do all things for her, even as he hath said; and,
I will bless him and multiply him and give unto him an hundred-
fold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters,
houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives
In the eternal worlda.

And again, Terily I say, let mine handmaid forgive my servant
Joseph his trespasses; and then shall she be forgiven her trespasses,
wherein she has trespassed against me; and I, the Lord thy God,
will bless her, and multiply her, and make her heart to rejoice.

And again, I say, let not my servant Joseph put his property
out of his hands, lest an enemy come and destroy him; for Satan
seeketh to destroy; for I am the Lord thy God, and he is my
servant; and behold! and lo, I am with him. as I was with Abra-
ham, thy father, even unto his exaltation and glory.

Now, as touching the law of the Priesthood, there are many
things pertaining thereunto.

Verily, if a man be called of my Father, as was Aaron, by mine
own voice, and by the voice of him that sent me: and I have
endowed him with the keys of the power of this Priesthood, if
he do anything in my name, and according to my law, and by my
word, he will not commit sin. and I will Justify him.

Let no one, therefore, set on my servant Joseph; for I will
Justify him; for he shall do the sacrifice which I require at his
hands, for his transgressions, saith the Lord your God.

And again, as pertaining to the law of the Priesthood: If any
man espouse a virgin, and desire to espouse another, and the first
give her consent; and If he espouse the second, and they are
virgins, and have vowed to no other man, then is he justified; he
cannot commit adultery, for they are given unto him; for he cannot
commit adultery with that that belongeth unto him and to no one
else;

And if he hare ten virgins given unto him by this law, he cannot
commit adultery, for they belong to him, and they are given unto
him, therefore is he Justified.

But if one or either of the ten virgins, after she is espoused,
shall be with another man; she has committed adultery, and shall
be destroyed; for they are given unto him to multiply and
replenish the earth, according to my commandment, and to fulfill
the promise which was given by my Father before the foundation
of the world; and for their exaltation in the eternal worlds, that
they may bear the souls of men; for herein is the work of my
Father continued, that he may be glorified.

And again, verily, verily I say unto you. if any man have a wife,
who holds the keys of thia power, and he teaches unto her the
law of my Priesthood, as pertaining to these things, then shall she
believe, and administer unto him, or she shall be destroyed, saith
the Lord your God. for I will destroy her: for I will magnify my
name upon all those who receive and abide in my law.

Therefore, it shall be lawful in me. if she receive not this law,
for him to receive all things, whatsoever I. the Lord his God. will
give unto him. because she did not administer unto him according
to my word: and she then becomes the transgressor; and he is
exempt from the law of Sarah, who administered unto Abraham
according to the law, when r commanded Abraham to take Hagar
to wife.

And now. aa pertaining to this law. verily, verily I say unto you,
I will reveal more unto you. hereafter; therefore, let this suffice
for the present. Behold, I am Alpha and Omega. Amen. Doc.
and COT. Bee. lit.



August. Fri. 11. General James Adams, of Springfield,
died at Nauvoo.

Thurs. 31. Joseph Smith moved into the Nauvoo Mansion.

September. Tues. 5. The ship "Mitoka" sailed from Liver-
pool with 280 Saints, bound for Nauvoo.

Wed. 6. At an anti-Mormon meeting, held at Carthage,
Hancock Co., 111., resolutions were adopted against Joseph
Smith and the Saints in Nauvoo.

Fri. 15. Joseph Smith opened the Nauvoo Mansion as a
hotel.

Sat. 30. Reuben Hedlock and other missionaries from
Nauvoo arrived at Liverpool, England.

October. Tues. 3. Joseph Smith gave a dinner party in
the Nauvoo Mansion to about two hundred Saints.

Fri. 6. A special conference of the Church, which con-
tinued its sessions on the 8th, was commenced at Nauvoo,
111. Serious complaints were made against Sidney Rigdon.

Sun. 8. At a meeting of the special conference at Nauvoo,
Sidney Rigdon was sustained as a Counselor to Joseph
Smith, although the Prophet said, "I have thrown him oft
my shoulders, and you have again put him on me; you may
carry him, but I will not."

Mon. 9. Addison Pratt, Noah Rogers, Benjamin F.
Grouard and Knowlton F. Hanks sailed from New Bedford,
Mass., on board the ship "Timoleon," for the Pacific Islands.

Fri. 20. John P. Greene returned to Nauvoo, from a.
mission to the State of New York, with about one hundred
emigrants.

Sat. 21. The ship "Champion" sailed from Liverpool with
91 Saints, bound for Nauvoo.

Sun. 22. Apostles Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and
George A. Smith returned to Nauvoo from a mission to the
Eastern States.

November. Fri. 3. Knowlton F. Hanks, one of the mis-
sionaries to the Pacific Islands, died. He was the first Lat-
ter-day Saint Elder who died and was buried at sea.

Mon. 6. Erastus Snow returned to Nauvoo with a com-
pany of emigrants from Massachusetts.

Sun. 18. Philander Avery was kidnaped from the neigh-
borhood of Warsaw and carried forcibly across the Mis-
sissippi river to Missouri.

December. Sat. 2. Apostles Orson Hyde, Parley P. Pratt,
Wilford Woodruff and George A. Smith and Elder Orson
Spencer received their endowments at Nauvoo, 111.; 35 per-
sona were present.

Daniel Avery was kidnaped from Bear Creek, Hancock
Co., 111., by a company of Missourians, and imprisoned in
Monticello jail, Lewis Co., Mo., where his son Philander
was already confined.

Thurs. 7. The German brethren met at the Assembly
Room at Nauvoo, chose Bishop Daniel Garn as their presid-
ing 1 Elder, and organized to have preaching done In their
own language.

Mon. 18. John Ellioth, a schoolmaster, was arrested and
brought to Nauvoo, where he was tried and found guilty
of having kidnaped Daniel Avery and son.

Tues. 19. The Nauvoo Legion paraded near the Temple,
was inspected by the officers and instructed to prepare for
meeting the mob, which was gathering in the neighborhood.

Thurs. 21. The city council of Nauvoo signed a petition
to Congress, praying for redress for the Missouri persecu-
tions.

Fri. 22. David Holmah's house, near Ramus, Hancock Co.,
111., was burned by the mob.

Mon. 25. O. Porter Rockwell arrived in Nauvoo from
nearly a year's imprisonment in Missouri without conviction,
during which time he was subjected to very cruel treatment.

Daniel Avery was liberated from his imprisonment in
Missouri, his son having previously escaped.

Fri. 29. Forty policemen were sworn into office in the
city of Nauvoo.

1844

January. Tues. 2. Jonathan Pugmire, Sr., and Thos.
Cartwright, who had been imprisoned in Chester, England,
about six weeks, for the accidental drowning of Mrs. Cart-
wright during an attempt to baptize her, Nov. 23, 1843. were
acquitted.

Wed. 3. A special session of the city council was held at
Nauvoo because of Wm. Law's intimation that his life was
in danger.

Fri. 5. Wm. Marks, president of the Nauvoo Stake of
Zion, being alarmed on account of a fire being kindled
near his house, made statements before the city council; his
fears were unfounded.

Tues. 9. -Elder Horace S. Eldredge, a county constable,
was prevented by mob force from performing an official
duty at Carthage.

Wed. 10. John Smith, uncle to Joseph Smith, the Prophet,
was ordained a Patriarch.

Tues. 16. Francis M. Higbee was tried before the mu^
nicipal court of Nauvoo for slandering Joseph Smith.

Tues. 23. The ship "Fanny" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with 210 Saints under the direction of Wm. McKay,
bound for Nauvoo. It arrived at New Orleans, March 7th.

Mon. 29. At a political meeting, held at Nauvoo, Joseph
Smith was nominated a candidate for the Presidency of the
United States. Soon afterwards a large number of Elders
were sent to the various States of the Union to electioneer
for him.

February. Tues. 6. The ship "Isaac Allerton" sailed from
Liverpool with 60 Saints, bound for Nauvoo.

Wed. 7. Joseph Smith completed his address to the people
of the United States, entitled: "Views of the Powers and
Policy of the Government of the United States."

Sun. 11. The ship "Swanton" sailed from Liverpool with 81
Saints, bound for Nauvoo, where they arrived April 18th.

Sat. 17. The anti-Mormons held a convention at Carthage,
111., the object being to devise ways and means for ex-
pelling the Saints from the State.

Tues. 20. Joseph Smith instructed the Twelve Apostles



1306



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



to send a delegation to California and Oregon, to search
for a good location, to which the Saints could remove after
the completion of the Temple.

Wed. 21. A meeting of the Apostles was held at Nauvoo
for the purpose of selecting "a company to explore Oregon
and California and select a site for a new city for the
Saints." Jonathan Dunham, Phinehas H. Young, David D.
Yearsley and David Fullmer volunteered to go; and Al-
phonso Young, James Bmmett, Geo. D. Watt and Daniel
Spencer were requested to go.

Fri. 23. Another meeting was held at Nauvoo, in favor
of the California and Oregon expedition. Several of the
brethren volunteered to go; among whom were Samuel Bent,
John A. Kelting, Samuel Rolfe, Daniel Avery and Samuel W.
Richards.

Sun. 25. Joseph Smith prophesied that in five years the
Saints would be out of the power of their old enemies,
whether apostates or of the world.

Thurs. 29. Moses Smith and Rufus Beach volunteered to
join the Oregon exploring expedition.

March. Mon. 4. It was decided in council at Nauvoo to
cease work on the Nauvoo House until the Temple was
completed.

Tues. 5. The ship "Glasgow" sailed from Liverpool with
150 Saints, led by Hiram Clark, bound for Nauvoo, where
they arrived April 26th.

Mon. 11. Joseph Smith and the leading authorities of the
Church held another council at Nauvoo about the Saints
moving to the mountains.

Sun. 24. Joseph Smith spoke in public meeting against
Chauncey L. Higbee, Robert D. Foster, Wm. and Wilson Law
and others, as conspirators against his life.

Tues. 26. Joseph Smith petitioned Congress to protect
the citizens of the United States, emigrating west; this
he did in view of the Saints going to the mountains in the
near future.

April. Fri. 5. The Masonic Temple, which had been
erected at Nauvoo, was dedicated. About five hundred and
fifty members of the Masonic fraternity from various parts
of the world were present.

Sat. 6. A conference, which lasted five days, commenced
at Nauvoo. The Prophet spoke to 20,000 Saints on the 7th,
and on the 8th declared the whole of North and South
America to be the land of Zion.

Sat. 13. Under the leadership of Wm. Kay, 210 British
Saints arrived at Nauvoo.

Thurs. 18. Wm. and Wilson Law, Robert D. Foster and
other apostates, formerly prominent in the Church, were
excommunicated.

Fri. 26. Augustine Spencer, Robert D. Foster, Charles
Foster and Chauncey L. Higbee were arrested and fined, in
Nauvoo, for assault and resisting the officers.

May. Wed. 1. Elders Addison Pratt, Noah Rogers and
Benjamin F. Grouard landed on the island of Tubuai (one
of the Austral group), as the first missionaries of the
Church to the islands of the Pacific.

Mon. 6. Joseph Smith was arrested at Nauvoo on com-
plaint of Francis M. Higbee, but took out a writ of habeas
corpus, and was tried on the 8th before the municipal court
of Nauvoo, which resulted In Joseph's acquittal, and Higbee
was sentenced to pay the cost of suit.

Tues. 14. Elders Noah Rogers and Benjamin F. Grouard
landed at Papeete, Tahiti. Society Islands, as the first Lat-
ter-day Saint missionaries to that group.

Wed. 15. Anthon H. Lund was born at Aalborg, Denmark.

Fri. 17. A State convention was held at Nauvoo, 111., In
which Joseph Smith was nominated as a candidate for the
Presidency, and Sidney Rigdon for the Vice Presidency of
the United States.

Sat. 18. The first number of "The Prophet," a weekly paper
devoted to the interests of the Church, was issued In New
York City, by a society of Saints.

Tues. 21 Apostles Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and
Lyman Wight, and about a hundred other Elders, left
Nauvoo, 111., on political missions to the East. Apostles
Wilford Woodruff and Geo. A. Smith and others had left on
the 9th.

Thurs. 23. Joseph Smith had a talk with a number of Sac
and Fox Indians at Nauvoo.

Sat. 25. Joseph Smith learned that the grand jury at
Carthage had found two Indictments against him, one of
them for polygamy.

Mon. 27. Joseph Smith, accompanied by a number of
friends, went to Carthage to have the indictments against
him investigated by the circuit court, but, the prosecution
not being ready, the case was continued until next term.

June. Fri. 7. The first and only number of the "Nauvoo
Expositor" was published, edited by Sylvester Emmons.

Mon. 10. The paper and printing material of the "Nauvoo
Expositor" were destroyed, according to the proclamation of
the city council, declaring it a nuisance.

Wed. 12. Joseph Smith was arrested on a charge of de-
stroying the "Expositor," tried before the municipal court of
Nauvoo. and acquitted. The following day the other mem-
bers of the city council were tried before the same court, on
a similar charge, and honorably acquitted.

Fri. 14. Joseph Smith communicated the facts connected
with the removal of the "Expositor's" printing materials, by
letter, to Gov. Thos. Ford.

Sun. 16. In a public meeting, held at Nauvoo, a number of
delegates were called to visit the different precincts in
Hancock County. 111., to lay a truthful statement of the
troubles in Nauvoo before the people. Joseph Smith, as
mayor of the city, also stated the facts in a proclamation.

Addison Pratt baptized Ambrose Alexander, a white
man. on the island of Tubuai, as the first convert to "Mor-
monlsm" on the Pacific Isles.

Mon. 17. Joseph Smith and a number of others were ar-
rested, on complaint of W. G. Ware, for riot in destroying
the "Expositor," tried before Justice Daniel H. Wells, and
after a long and close examination, acquitted.



Mobs began to gather in the surrounding country,
threatening to drive the Saints from Nauvoo.

Tues. IS. The Nauvoo Legion was ordered out and the
city declared under martial law, by the proclamation of the
mayor Joseph Smith. The Prophet delivered his last pub-
lic address. An extra of the "Warsaw Signal" was read, in
which all the "old citizens were called upon to assist the
mob in driving away the Saints.

Wed. 19. Mobs were gathering at different points to at-
tack Nauvoo.

Thurs. 20. General Joseph Smith, with other officers of
the Legion, examined the approaches to Nauvoo as a prepar-
atory measure for defense. The Prophet also sent for the
Twelve Apostles, who were on missions, to come home
immediately.

Sat. 22. Late in the evening Joseph and Hyrum Smith
and Willard Richards left Nauvoo and crossed the Mis-
sissippi river, with the intention to flee to the West, and
thus escape from their enemies.

Sun. 23. Through the solicitation of Emma Smith, and
several supposed friends, Joseph Smith and his companions
returned to Nauvoo.

Mon. 24. Joseph and Hyrum Smith, accompanied by
seventeen friends, started for Carthage, to submit to an-
other trial, under pledge of protection from Gov. Thos.
Ford. On the way they received a demand from the gov-
ernor to surrender the State arms in possession of the
Nauvoo Legion; Joseph returned and complied with the
request, and then proceeded to Carthage.

Tues. 25. Joseph Smith and his brethren surrendered
themselves to a constable at Carthage and submitted to a
trial, after which they were, contrary to law, remanded to
prison.

Wed. 26. Gov. Thos. Ford had a long interview with the
prisoners in Carthage jail. He renewed his promises of
protection and said, if he went to Nauvoo, he would take
them with him.

Thurs. 27. Gov. Thos. Ford went to Nauvoo, leaving the
prisoners in jail to be guarded by their most bitter enemies,
the "Carthage Greys." About 5:20 p. m. an armed mob with
blackened faces surrounded and entered the jail, and mur-
dered Joseph and Hyrum Smith in cold blood; Apostle John
Taylor was severely wounded, while Apostle Willard Rich-
ards only received a slight wound on his ear.

To seal the testimony of this book and the Book of Mormon, we
announce the Martyrdom of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and Hyrum
Smith the Patriarch. They were shot in Carthage jail, on the
27th of June, 1844, about five o'clock p. m.. by an armed mob,
painted black of from 150 to 200 persons. Hyrum was shot first
and fell calmly, exclaiming, "I am a dead man I" Joseph leaped
from the window, and was shot dead in the attempt, exclaiming,
"O Lord, my God!" They were both shot after they were dead
In a brutal manner, and both received four balls.

John Taylor, and Willard Richards, two of the Twelve, were
the only persons in the room at the time; the former was wounded
In a savage manner with four balls, but has since recovered; the
latter, through the providence of God, escaped "without even a
hole in his robe."

When Joseph went to Carthage to deliver himself up to the
pretended requirements of the law, two or three days previous to
his assassination, he said, "I am going like a lamb to the slaughter;
but I am calm as a summer's morning; I have a conscience void
of offence towards God. and towards all men. T SHALL DIE!
INNOCENT. AND IT SHALL YET BE SAID OF ME HE WAS
MURDERED IN COLD BLOOD." The same morning, after Hyrum
had made ready to go shall it be said to the slaughter? Yes,
for so it was, he read the following paragraph, near the close
of the fifth chapter of Ether, In the Book of Mormon, and turned
down the leaf upon It:

"And It came to pass that I prayed unto the Lord that he
would give unto the Gentiles grace, that they might have charity.
And It came to pass that the Lord said unto me, if they have not
charity, it mattereth not unto you, thou hast been faithful; where-
fore thy garments are clean. And because thou hast seen thy
weakness, thou Shalt be made strong, even unto the sitting down
In the place which I have prepared in the mansions of my Father.

And now I bid farewell unto the Gentiles; yea and also

unto my brethren whom I love, until we shall meet before the
Judgment-seat of Christ, where all men shall know that my
garments are not spotted with your blood." The testators are now
dead, and their testament Is in force. Doc. and Cov. (Appendix)
Sec. 135.

Fri. 28. Apostle Willard Richards and Samuel H. Smith
conveyed the bodies of the martyrs to Nauvoo, where they
were met by the officers of the Nauvoo Legion, and a very
large number of citizens.

Sat. 29. About ten thousand persons visited and viewed
the remains of the martyred Prophet and Patriarch at Nau-
voo. The funeral took place in the evening.

July. Tues. 2. Apostle John Taylor was brought home to
Nauvoo from Carthage

Mon. 8. Apostle Parley P. Pratt arrived at Nauvoo; he
was the first of the absent Twelve to return.

Sun. 21. Addison Pratt baptized four white men and four
natives on the island of Tubuai. These natives, whose
names were Naboto and his wife Telii, Pauma and Hamoe,
were the first of the Polynesian race to embrace the fullness
of the gospel.

Thurs. 25. Erastus Snow and many other Elders arrived
at Nauvoo. All seemed weighed down with gloom.

Sun. 28. Apostle Geo. A.' Smith and a party of brethren
arrived at Nauvoo.

A branch of the Church, consisting of eleven members,
was organized by Addison Pratt on the island of Tubuai
(Society Islands mission). This was the first branch of the
Church on the Pacific Islands.

Tues. 30. Samuel H. Smith, brother of the Prophet, died



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 287 of 293)