Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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at Nauvoo, as a martyr to persecution.

Wed. 31. Apostle Amasa M. Lyman arrived at Nauvoo.

August. Fri. 2. A political meeting of the citizens of
Hancock County, 111., was held near the Temple at Nauvoo.
Great excitement prevailed throughout the county. The
mob party was determined to elect officers who would screen
the murderers of Joseph and Hyrum Smith and exterminate
the "Mormons."



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1307



Sat. 3. Sidney Rigdon arrived at Nauvoo from Pittsburgh,
Pa.

Sun. 4. Sidney Rigdon preached to the Saints at Nauvoo,
declaring that a guardian should be appointed to build up the
Church to Joseph, intimating that he was the man who should
lead the Saints.

Tues. 6. Apostles Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Ly-
man Wight, Orson Hyde, Orson Pratt and Wilford Woodruff
arrived at Nauvoo.

Wed. 7. The Twelve met in council with Elder Taylor, at
his house at Nauvoo; they found him recovering from his
wounds. In the afternoon, the Twelve, the High Council and
High Priests held a meeting in the Seventies' Hail, where
Sidney Rigdon's claim to lead the Church was considered.

Thurs. 8. A special meeting of the Church was held at
Nauvoo, in which Elder Rigdon harangued the Saints about
choosing a guardian, etc. In the afternoon meeting the
Twelve Apostles, through their President, Brigham Young,
asserted their right to lead the Church, which claim was
recognized by the unanimous vote of the people.

Mon. 12. At a council of the Twelve Apostles, Amasa M.
Lyman was admitted into their quorum, having been pre-
viously ordained to the Apostleship. Elder Wilford Woodruff
was appointed to go to England to preside over the British
mission.

Thurs. 15. The Twelve issued an epistle to the Saints in
all the world, giving such instructions and words of counsel
to the Church as were necessary after the martyrdom of the
Prophet.

Wed. 28. Wilford Woodruff, Dan Jones and Hiram Clark,
with their families, left Nauvoo for England.

Sat. 31. Brigham Young was elected lieutenant-general
of the Nauvoo Legion, and Charles C. Rich, major-general.

September. Sun. 8. At a meeting of the High Council of
Nauvoo, Sidney Rigdon was excommunicated from the Church.

Thurs. 19. The shin "Norfolk" sailed from Liverpool with
143 Saints, bound for Nauvoo.

Tues. 24. Seventy presidents to preside over the Seven-
ties, and fifty High Priests to preside in different sections of
the country, were ordained.

Fri. 27. Gov. Thos. Ford visited Nauvoo with about five
hundred troops and three pieces of artillery, ostensibly for
the purpose of bringing the murderers of Joseph and Hyrum
Smith to justice.

Sat. 28. About this time several persons in Hancock County
were indicted for the murder of Joseph and Hyrum Smith,
among whom was Jacob C. Davis.

October. Mon. 7. At the general conference held in Nau-
voo, Wm. Marks was rejected as president of the Stake and
John Smith appointed in his stead.

Tues. 8. A reorganization of the Seventies took place in
the general conference at Nauvoo. At the close eleven quo-
rums were filled and properly organized, and about forty
Elders organized as a part of the 12th quorum. The senior
presidents of these twelve quorums of Seventy were Joseph
Young (1st), Edson Barney (2nd), Elias Hutchins (3rd),
Jacob Gates (4th), Henry Jacobs (5th), Israel Barlow (6th),
Randolph Alexander (7th), John Pack (8th), Philip Ettle-
man (9th). Albert P. Rockwood (10th), Jesse P. Harmon
(llth). and Hyrum Dayton (12th).

About the same time the 16th quorum of Seventy was
organized, with Dana Jacobs as senior president.

November. Sat. 23. Edward Hunter was ordained a Bishop
and set apart to take care of the 5th Ward in Nauvoo.

December. Sun. 1. Apostle Parley P. Pratt was appointed
to go to the city of New York to regulate and counsel the
emigration from Europe and preside over all the eastern
branches of the Church.

Sun. 22. The 13th, 14th and 15th quorums of Seventy were
organized in Nauvoo. with Charles Bird, Jonathan Dunham
and John Lytle as senior presidents.

1845

January. During this month the legislature of Illinois
repealed the city charter of Nauvoo.

Fri. 3. Apostle Wilford Woodruff and accompanying mis-
sionaries arrived at Liverpool, England. Wilford Woodruff
succeeded Reuben Hedlock as president of the British mis-
sion.

Sun. 12. The 17th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Nauvoo, with Daniel M. Kepsher as senior president.

Fri. 17. The ship "Palmyra" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with a company of Saints, under the direction of Amos
Fielding, bound for Nauvoo.

Sun. 26. The 18th quorum of Seventy was organized in
Nauvoo, with John W. Bell as senior president.

February. Sun. 9. The 19th quorum of Seventy was organ-
ized at Nauvoo, with Samuel Moore as senior president.

March. Sun. 2. The 21st quorum of Seventy was partly
organized at Nauvoo, with Erastus H. Derby as senior presi-
dent.

Tues. 18. The 20th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Morley's Settlement. Hancock Co., 111., with Hiram Blackman,
.of Bear Creek branch, as senior president.

April. Sun. 6. The Twelve Apostles issued "A proclama-
tion to all the kings of the world, to the President of the
United States of America, to the governors of the several
States, and to the rulers and people of all nations."

The general conference of the Church was commenced
at Nauvoo, III. It was continued till the 9th and attended by
about twenty-five thousand people. In honor of the Prophet
Joseph it was decided by vote to change the name of
Nauvoo to "City of Joseph."

Mon. 7. At a conference held in Manchester, England, Dan.
Jones, who had lately arrived from America, was appointed
president of the Wrexham conference (Wales), consisting of
himself and wife. One year later there were seven hundred
members of the Church in Wales, largely through his in-
strumentality.

Tues. 8. At a conference held in Manchester, England, the
so-called Joint Stock Company was organized, with Thomas
Ward as president.



Wed. 9. The 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th and 26th quorums of
Seventy were organized at Nauvoo, with David Clough
(22nd), Benjamin Sweatt (23rd), Lewis Eger (24th), Thomas
Spiers (25th), and Benjamin Jones (26th) as senior presidents.

Sat. 12. A U. S. deputy marshal of Illinois arrived at Nau-
voo, with writs for Brigham Young and others, but failed to
arrest them.

Wed. 16. As the city charter of Nauvoo had been repealed,
a small part of the city was incorporated as the town of
Nauvoo.

Thurs. 24. In a general council held at Nauvoo, it was
decided to send a written appeal in behalf of the Saints to
the President of the United States, and to the governor of
every State in the Union, except the State of Missouri. This
resolution was subsequently acted upon, but without any re-
sponse, except from the governor of Arkansas, who replied
in a respectful and sympathetic letter.

May. Mon. 19. Some of the citizens of Nauvoo went to
Carthage, to attend the trial of the murderers of Joseph and
Hyrum Smith.

Sat. 24. President Brigham Young and others who had
been secreted for some time, to avoid arrest and persecution
by their enemies, appeared at Nauvoo and took part in the
laying of the capstone of the Temple, in the presence of a
large number of Saints.

Fri. 30. The murderers of Joseph and Hyrum Smith were
acquitted by the jury at Carthage, although every one who
witnessed the trial was satisfied of their guilt.

June. At the close of its fifth volume the "Millennial Star"
(England) was changed from a monthly to a semi-monthly
periodical.

Sun. 8. The organization of the 27th quorum of Seventy
was commenced in Nauvoo.

Tues. 10. The 27th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Nauvoo, with Rufus Beach as senior president.

Mon. 23. A constable came to Nauvoo with writs for the
arrest of Apostles Brigham Young and John Taylor, and
others, but he did not succeed in finding them.

Thurs. 26. The first stone was laid for a new baptismal
font in the Nauvoo Temple.

Fri. 27. This being the first anniversary of the martyrdom
of Joseph and Hyrum Smith, the day was spent in prayer and
fasting by the Saints in Great Britain.

July. Thurs. 3. Noah Rogers sailed from Tahiti, Society
Islands, per ship "Three Brothers," on his return to Nauvoo,
111., where he arrived Dec. 29, 1845. He was the first Latter-
day Saint Elder who circumnavigated the globe as a mission-
ary.

Sat. 5. The first number of the "New York Messenger" was
published by Samuel Brannan in New York City, as a con-
tinuation of the "Prophet," suspended.

Sun. 27. The 28th and 29th quorums of Seventy were or-
ganized in Nauvoo, with John Gaylord and Augustus A. Farn-
ham as senior presidents.

August. Sat. 9. Twenty-eight persons were killed by an
explosion in a colliery at Cromstock, near Aberdare, South
Wales. Several of the Saints employed in the colliery escaped,
having been warned by vision of the catastrophe.

Sat. 23. The dome of the Nauvoo Temple was raised.

Sun. 31. The 30th quorum of Seventy was organized in
Nauvoo, with Sahiel Savage as senior president.

September. One hundred and thirty-five teams were sent
from Nauvoo to bring in the families and grain from the sur-
rounding country.

The few Saints who still remained at Kirtland, Ohio, were
persecuted by their enemies, who took possession of the
Temple.

The ship "Oregon" sailed from Liverpool, England, with a
company of Saints bound for Nauvoo, 111.

Wed. 10. A mob attacked the house of Edmund Durfee, in
Morley's Settlement, Hancock Co., 111., turned the people out
of doors, set fire to the buildings and threatened instant death
to men, women and children. The mob then burned all the
other houses, barns and shops in the settlement and turned
the inhabitants into the open air. Also a farming settlement
called Green Plains, inhabited by about eighty members of
the Church, was burned by the mob.

Mon. 15. The mob drove Jacob Backenstos, sheriff of Han-
cock County, from his home at Carthage.

Tues. 16. The mob made an effort to kill the sheriff. In
his defense O. Porter Rockwell killed Frank A. Worrell, one
of the leaders of the mob, who was an officer of the guard at
Carthage jail when Joseph and Hyrum Smith were killed.

Thurs. 18. Sheriff Backenstos, with a posse consisting of
some seven hundred men, surrounded Carthage. 111., to make
arrests, but the house-burners had fled. He also issued a
proclamation to the mobbers to disperse, -which, however,
was not obeyed, as they went to Missouri and other places,
preparing for new depredations.

Wed. 24. As the persecutions in Hancock County continued
to rage, the Saints commenced to leave their possessions in
the smaller settlements and flee to Nauvoo for protection.
The authorities of the Church made a proposition to the mob
to have the Saints leave the State of Illinois the following
spring.

Tues. 30. General John J. Hardin arrived at Nauvoo with
four hundred troops, pretending to hunt for criminals, but
undoubtedly had other motives for his diligent search of the
Temple and other public buildings.

October. Wed. 1. The Apostles at Nauvoo had an impor-
tant consultation with General John J. Hardin, Senator
Stephen A. Douglas, W. B. Warren and J. A. McDougal. com-
missioners from a convention held in Carthage, about the re-
moval of the Saints.

Sun. 5. The Nauvoo Temple was so far completed that a
meeting, attended by five thousand people, was held in it.

Mon. 6. The first general conference of the Saints for three
years was commenced in the Temple, the Prophet Joseph hav-
ing ordered that they should not hold another general con-
ference until they could meet in that house. The conference
continued for three days. Wm. Smith was dropped as an
Apostle and Patriarch.



1308



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



Sun. 12. Wm. Smith was excommunicated from the Church
sii Nauvoo.

Sat. 25. Major Warren came into Nauvoo with a body of
troops and threatened to put the place under martial law.
After he had left, the authorities of the Church sent E. A.
Bedell and Bishop Geo. Miller with a communication to Gov.
Thomas Ford. They informed him of Major Warren's threats
and implored him to dismiss the troops under his command,
as the Saints had more to fear from them than from the mob
at large. The governor did not grant their request.

Sun. 26. The 31st quorum of Seventy was partly organized
at Nauvoo, with Edmund M. Webb as senior president.

November. Edmund Durfee was killed by the mob in Green
Plains, Hancock Co., 111. About the same time Joshua A.
Smith was poisoned at Carthage.

Sun. 30. The attic story of the Nauvoo Temple was dedi-
cated.

December. Mon. 15. After laboring nearly one year and
eight months on Tubuai, Elder Addison Pratt left that island
to join Elder Benjamin F. Grouard, who had commenced a
most successful missionary work on Anaa, one of the Tua-
motu Islands.

Sun. 21. The 32nd quorum of Seventy was organized at
Nauvoo, with Geo. Mayer as senior president.

Tues. 23. The famous "Bogus Brigham" arrest was made,
the officers taking Elder Wm. Miller to Carthage, believing
that they had captured Apostle Brigham Young.

Sat. 27. A U. S. deputy marshal visited Nauvoo, again
searching for the Twelve and others, but failed to make any
arrest.

During this month many of the Saints received their bless-
ings and endowments in the Nauvoo Temple.

1846

January. The 33rd quorum of Seventy was organized with
Albern Allen as senior president.

Tues. 13. At a council held in the Nauvoo Temple, to take
Into consideration the means of organizing for the removal
of the Saints, 140 horses and 70 wagons were reported ready
for immediate service.

Fri. 16. The ship "Liverpool" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land. with 45 Saints, under the direction of Hiram Clark,
bound for Nauvoo via New Orleans.

Thurs. 22. Apostle Wilford Woodruff sailed from Liverpool
to return to America, because of the contemplated removal
of the Church to the mountains. Reuben Hedlock, with
Thomas Ward and John Banks as counselors, succeeded him
in the presidency of the British Mission.

Sat. 24. A general meeting of the official members of the
Church was held in the Nauvoo Temple, for the purpose of
arranging the affairs of the Church, prior to its removal from



.

Fri. 30. The vane was placed on the Nauvoo Temple.

February. Wed. 4. The Saints at Nauvoo commenced
crossing the Mississippi river for the purpose of moving west.
Charles Shumway was the first to cross the river.

The ship "Brooklyn" sailed from New York with 235
Saints on board. They were well supplied with implements
of husbandry, and necessary tools for establishing a new set-
tlement. They also took with them a printing press and
materials, which afterwards were used in publishing the
first newspaper issued in California.

Thurs. 6. The 34th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Nauvoo, with David W. Rogers as one of the presidents.

About the same time the 35th quorum of Seventy was or-
ganized.

Mon. 9. A flre, which broke out in the Nauvoo Temple, was
put out before it did much damage.

John E. Page was disfellowshipped.

Tues. 10. Joseph Young was appointed to preside over the
Saints who remained at Nauvoo.

Sun. 15. Apostles Brigham Young and Willard Richards,
with their families, and Apostle Geo. A. Smith crossed the
Mississippi river for the West. They traveled nine miles, and
camped on Sugar Creek, where Pres. Young spent the follow-
ing day organizing the camps of the Saints.

Tues. 17. Apostle Heber C. Kimball arrived in the camp
on Sugar Creek. Willard Richards was appointed camp histo-
rian and Wm. Clayton clerk.

Wed. 18. President Young and a few others returned to
Nauvoo, but rejoined the camp the following day.

Wed. 25. Bishop George Miller and company were the
first to leave the camp ground on Sugar Creek to travel west-
ward.

Sat. 28. A petition to the governor of Iowa, in which the
Saints asked for protection while passing through the Ter-
ritory, was approved by the Twelve. At this time the camp
consisted of four hundred wagons, very heavily loaded. The
teams were too weak for rapid journeying. Most of the fam-
ilies had provisions for several months, while some were quite
destitute.

March. During the month the camps of the Saints in Iowa
traveled about one hundred miles. The roads were almost
impassable most of the way, and the Saints suffered much
from cold and exposure, the weather being very windy and
stormy.

Sun. 1. The camps of the Saints made a general move from
Sugar Creek and traveled five miles in a northwesterly di-
rection.

Fri. 27. At a council held at Apostle Parley P. Pratt's camp,
near the east fork of Shoal Creek, the camps of the Saints
were more perfectly organized. Brigham Young was elected
president over all the "Camps of Israel."

April. The Saints in England suffered spiritually and
financially on account of the Joint Stock Company business,
which was urged upon them by speculating Elders.

Fri. 24. The advance portion of the camps arrived at a
place on the east fork of Grand river, 145 miles from Nauvoo,
which the Saints called Garden Grove, where a temporary
settlement was commenced for the benflt of the companies
which should follow aftef.



Thurs. 30. The Nauvoo Temple was dedicated prirately.
Elder Joseph Young offering the dedicatory prayer.

May. Fri. 1. The Nauvoo Temple was publicly dedicated
by Apostle Orson Hyde.

Sun. 10. About three thousand Saints met in the Temple at
Nauvoo. Apostle Wilford Woodruff preached.

Mon. 11. Part of the camps continued the journey from
Garden Grove, and on the 18th arrived at the middle fork of
Grand river, on the land of the Pottawatomie Indians, where
another temporary settlement was established, called Mount
Pisgah. This was 172 miles from Nauvoo.

Thurs. 21. A general council of the camps at Mount Pisgah
had under consideration the subject of sending an exploring
company to the Rocky Mountains that year. The subsequent
call for the Mormon Battalion, however, made this impossible.

Sun. 31. Elder Noah Rogers, recently returned from a mis-
sion to the Society Islands, died at Mount Pisgah, Iowa. His
remains were the first interred in the burying ground at that
place.

A three days' conference convened in Manchester, Eng-
land, in which the business of the Joint Stock Company was
the main topic.

June. Amos Fielding, who returned to Nauvoo this month,
counted 902 west-bound wagons in three days. By this some
idea may be formed of the number of teams on the road at
that time.

Mon. 1. Elder Jesse C. Little wrote an appeal to James K.
Polk, President of the United States, in behalf of the Saints.
He afterwards called on the President, Vice-President and
several members of the cabinet.

A conference of the Church was organized on the Isle of
Man, with Samuel J. Lees as president.

Tues. 2. Pres. Brigham Young left Mount Pisgak and con-
tinued the journey westward.

Fri. 12. Elder Jesse C. Little left Philadelphia for the West,
accompanied by Col. Thos. L. Kane, who had decided to visit
the camps of the Saints.

Sun. 14. Pres. Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Geo.
Miller and Parley P. Pratt arrived on the banks of the
Missouri river, with their respective companies. Here a ferry
boat was built soon afterwards, when some of the Saints
commenced to cross the river.

Tues. 16. The advance camps of the exiled Saints moved
back to the bluffs across Mosquito Creek, and encamped near
good water, about nine miles from the trading post. There
they remained till the ferry boat was built.

Mon. 22. At this date about five hundred wagons had
arrived on the Missouri river; nine of the Apostles were
already there.

Thurs. 25. The ship "Brooklyn" arrived at Honolulu,
Hawaii, on its way to California.

Fri. 26 Capt. James Allen, of the U. S. army, arrived at
Mount Pisgah and had an interview with Apostle Wilford
Woodruff and Pres. Wm. Huntington and council. He was
the bearer of a circular to the "Mormons," making a requi-
sition on the camps of the Saints for four or five companies
of men, to serve as volunteers in the war with Mexico. Capt.
Allen was advised to visit the authorities of the Church at
Council Bluffs.

Sat. 27. John E. Page was excommunicated from the
Church.

Tues. 30. Capt. Allen arrived at Council Bluffs, and on the
following day he met with the authorities of the Church
showing his authority for raising five hundred volunteers
from the camps of the Saints. The same day Pres. Young and
Capt. Allen addressed the brethren who had assembled, and
the general council voted unanimously to comply with the
requisition from the government.

July. The first number of "Frophwyd y Jubill" (The
Prophet of Jubilee) was published by Dan Jones, In Wales,
as the Church organ in that country.

The Saints having continued to arrive from the East,
there were now fourteen companies encamped on the bluffs
near the Missouri river.

Fri. 3. Pres. Brigham Young and others started for Mount
Pisgah, where they arrived on the 6th, after having met eight
hundred wagons and carriages.

Tues. 7. Pres. Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Jesse
C. Little addressed a meeting of the brethren at Mount
Pisgah on the subject of raising a battalion to march to
California. Sixty-six volunteered. Geo. W. Langley was
sent to Garden Grove with a letter to the presiding brethren
there upon the same subject. A similar communication was
sent to Nauvoo.

Thurs. 9. Pres. Brigham Young and others left Mount
Pisgah for Council Bluffs, where they arrived on the 12th.

Sat. 11. John Hill, Archibald N. Hill, Caleb W. Lyons,
James W. Huntsman, Gardiner Curtis. John Richards, Elisha
Mallory and J. W. Phillips were severely whipped by mobo-
crats, while harvesting wheat twelve miles from Nauvoo.

Mon. 13. In obedience to a call of the authorities of the
camps of the Saints the men met at headquarters on Mosquito
Creek. Col. Thos. L. Kane, who had arrived in camp, and
Capt. Allen were present. Pres. Young, Capt. Allen and others
addressed the people in regard to furnishing the battalion.
Four companies were raised on that day and the day follow-
ing. The fifth company was organized a few days later.

At this time severe persecutions were again raging against
the few remaining Saints at Nauvoo, and also against the
"new citizens" who had bought the property of the members
of the Church, who had already left the city for the west.

Thurs. 16. At a council of the Twelve held at Council
Bluffs, la., Ezra T. Benson was ordained an Apostle, and took
the place of John E. Page, who had apostatized. Apostles
Orson Hyde, Parley P. Pratt and John Taylor were appointed
to go to England to set the Church In order there; Reuben
Hedlock and Thomas Ward, who at that time presided over
the British mission, were disfellowshipped for disregard of
council.

Four companies of the volunteers were brought together
in a hollow square and mustered into service by their respect-
ive captains. They were interestingly addressed by several



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1309



of the Apostles. A few days later (July 20th) they com-
menced their march toward Fort Leavenworth.

Fri. 17. A number of men were selected to take care of the
families of the volunteers.

Tues. 21. A High Council was selected to preside in all
temporal and spiritual matters at Council Bluffs.

Wed. 22. The fifth and last company of the Mormon Battal-
ion left the camps of the Saints and started for Fort Leaven-
worth.

Thurs. 23. Samuel Boley, a member of the Mormon Battal-
ion, died on the road to Fort Leavenworth.

Wed. 29. The Mormon Battalion passed through St. Joesph,
Mo.

The ship "Brooklyn," with the Saints from the State of
New York, arrived at Yerba Buena (now San Franciseo). Cal.

August. Sat. 1. The Mormon Battalion, now numbering
549 souls, including officers, privates and servants, arrived at
Fort Leayenworth.

Fri. 7. At a council of the Apostles it was decided that the
brethren on the west side of the Missouri river should settle
together. A municipal High Council, consisting of Alpheus
Cutler, Winslow Farr, Ezra Chase, Jedediah M. Grant, Albert
P. Rockwood, Benjamin L. Clapp, Samuel Russell. Andrew
Cahoon, Cornelius P. Lott, Daniel Russell, Elnathan El-
dredge and Thomas Grover, was appointed to superintend
the affairs of the Church there.

A small company of Saints from Mississippi, under the
direction of John Brown, arrived at Pueblo, on the Arkansas
river, where it wintered, waiting till the following spring
for the advance companies of the "Mormon" emigration.

Sun. 9. The first meeting was held at Cutler's Park, where



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