Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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the exiled Saints at that time intended to spend the winter.
The municipal High Council was accepted by the people and
the place named Cutler's Park, in honor of Alpheus Cutler.
This place, which now became the temporary headquarters of
the camps, is three miles from the spot where Winter Quarters
afterward was built.

Thurs. 13. Three companies of the Mormon Battalion
began to move west from Ft. Leavenworth, after having re-
ceived their arms, camp equipage, etc. On the 14th the other
two companies took up the line of march.

About this time the mobbers in Hancock County. 111., con-
cluded to drive the few remaining "Mormon" families from

Sun. 23. Col. James Allen, commander of the Mormon Bat-
talion, died at Ft. Leavenworth. The command then devolved
on Capt. Jefferson Hunt, as the ranking officer, but notwith-
standing this, Lieut. A. J. Smith shortly after assumed the

September. Tues. 8. Col. Thos. L. Kane left the camps of
the Saints for the East.

Thurs. 10. The few remaining Saints at Nauvoo, of whom
only about one hundred and twenty-five were able to bear
arms, were attacked by an armed mob. about eighteen hundred
strong, who with five pieces of artillery bombarded the city
for several days. The brethren organized for self-defense
and stopped the mobbers about two miles from the city.

Fri. 11. The mobbers .were prevented from entering Nau-
voo by the gallantry of the "Spartan Band," who fired on the
enemy with cannons made of steamboat shafts.

A site for building winter quarters for the Saints was
selected on the west bank of the Missouri river. Teams began
to return to Nauvoo after the poor.

The Mormon Battalion reached the Arkansas river.

Sat. 12. The battle of Nauvoo took place. Wm. Anderson,
his son Augustus and Isaac Norris were killed, and others of
the defenders were wounded. The mob force, which again
was driven back, also sustained considerable loss.

Wed. 16. The enemy was driven back from Nauvoo the
fourth time. Through the negotiations of one hundred citi-
zens of Quincy, a treaty was completed, by which the Saints
should be allowed to move away in peace.

Some of the families accompanying the Mormon Battalion
left the main bodv on the Arkansas river, in care of Capt.
Higgins, for Pueblo. About this time Alva Phelps, a mem-
ber of the Battalion, died.

Thurs. 17. The mob entered Nauvoo, and, notwithstanding
the treaty, immediately drove out the Saints, and treated
some of the brethren in a most brutal manner.

Sun. 20. Norman Sharp, a member of the Mormon Battal-
ion, accidentally shot himself In the arm and died a few days
later, from the effect of the wound.

Tues. 22. A partial reorganization of the Nauvoo Legion
took place at Cutler's Park.

Wed. 23. The Saints began to move to the new location for
Winter Quarters.

Thurs. 24. A conference was held at Putuahara, Anaa, at
which 852 members of the Church in the Society Islands mis-
sion were represented.

Sun. 27. The first public meeting at Winter Quarters was
held. By this time most of the Saints had removed from Cut-
ler's Park to Winter Quarters.

October. Apostle Orson Hyde succeeded Reuben Hedlock as
president of the British Mission, and the Joint Stock Company
was dissolved.

Martin Harris and others, followers of the apostate James
J. Strang, preached among the Saints in England, but could
get no influence.

Fri. 2 The Mormon Battalion reached Red river.

Sat. 3. The Battalion was divided in two divisions, of
which the first, containing the strongest and most able-bodied
men, arrived at Santa Fe, N. M., on the 9th. and the second,
containing the sick and the women, on the 12th.

Apostles Orson Hyde and John Taylor arrived at Liver-
pool, England, and immediately issued a circular to the
British Saints, advising them to "patronize the Joint Stock
Company no more for the present."

Wed 7 The teams which were sent back to help the poor
away from Nauvoo, arrived at the Mississippi river, opposite

Fri. 9. The camp of the poor was organized and started for
the West. Flocks of quails visited the camp and were easily

caught. This was a providential supply of food for the suf-
fering exiles.

Tues. 13. Capt. P. St. George Cooke assumed command of
the Mormon Battalion at Santa Fe, by order of General

Wed. 14. Apostle Parley P. Fratt and Elders Franklin D.
Richards, Samuel W. Richards and Moses Martin arrived at
Liverpool, England, from the camps of the Saints in the

Sat. 17. On this and the following day a general confer-
ence was held in Manchester, England, under the presidency
of Apostles Hyde, Pratt and Taylor. Dan Jones reported one
thousand Saints in Wales, and a conference was organized in
Ireland, with Paul Jones as president.

Sun. 18. The sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion,
consisting of about ninety men. left Santa Fe for Pueblo,
under command of Capt. James Brown.

Mon. 19. The Battalion left Santa Fe for California. On
the journey it suffered much from excessive marches, fatigue
and short rations.

Tues. 27. Milton Smith, a member of the Battalion, died
on his way with the sick detachment to Pueblo.

November. A memorial to the Queen of England "for the
relief, by emigration, of a portion of her poor subjects," was
circulated for signatures among the British Saints.

Tues. 3. James Hampton, a member of the Mormon Bat-
talion, died.

Wed. 4. Milton Kelly, a member of the Battalion, died at

Tues. 10. A detachment of fifty-five sick men of the Bat-
talion, under the command of Lieutenant W. W. Willis, was
separated from the main body and started back to Pueblo.
Two days later John Green died.

Tues. 17. Capt. Brown's sick detachment of the Battalion
arrived at Pueblo.

Sat. 21. John D. Lee and Howard Egan arrived at Winter
Quarters, as messengers from the camps of the Mormon
Battalion beyond Santa Fe.

Joseph Wm. Richards, a member of the Mormon Battal-
ion, died at Pueblo.

Fri. 27. Capt. O. M. Allen with the remainder of the sick
camp from Nauvoo, arrived at the east bank of the Missouri

Sat. 28. Elijah Freeman and Richard Carter, members of
the Battalion (Lieut. Willis' detachment), died, and were
buried by their comrades four miles south of Secora, on the
Rio Grande.

The main body of the Battalion reached the summit of
the Rocky Mountains.

December. Winter Quarters, afterwards known as Flor-
ence, Nebraska, consisted at this time of 538 log houses and
83 sod houses, inhabited by 3.483 souls, of whom 334 were
sick and 75 were widows. There were 814 wagons, 145
horses, 29 mules, 388 yoke of oxen and 463 cows. The place
was divided in 22 Wards, each presided over by a Bishop.
The Ward on the east side of the river contained 210 souls.

The Saints on the banks of the Missouri river made great
exertions to provide themselves with shelter and food for the
winter. Notwithstanding this, there was much privation and
suffering among them.

The presidency of the Church in England published a
balance sheet of the Joint Stock Company, showing that the
Saints had been swindled and their means squandered by
officers of the company.

Fri. 11. The Mormon Battalion had an extraordinary en-
counter with wild buffaloes on the San Pedro river.

Fri. 18. The Battalion left Tucson. During the remainder
of the month it suffered almost beyond human endurance
from overmarching, and want of food and water.

Sun. 20. Capt. Willis' detachment of the Battalion joined
the detachments of Captains Brown and Higgins at Pueblo.

Tues. 22. The Battalion arrived at the Pima village, and
encamped the following day by a village of Maricopa Indians.


January. The committee who had been appointed to settle
up the Joint Stock Company business in England were able
to pay one shilling and three pence on the pound of capital
stock paid in.

Fri. 8. The Mormon Battalion reached the mouth of the
Gila river. Two days later (10th) it crossed the Colorado.

Thurs. 14. A revelation was given through Pres. Brigham
Toung, at Winter Quarters, showing the will of the Lord
concerning the camps of Israel (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 136); In
accordance with which the Twelve Apostles proceeded to
organize the camps by appointing captains of hundreds and
fifties. The captains were directed to organize their respect-
ive companies.

The Word and Will of the Lord, given through President BriKbam
Young, at the Winter Quarters of the Camp of Israel, Omaha
Nation, West Bank of Missouri Kiver. near Council Bluffs,
January Illli. 1847.

The word and will of the Lord concerning the Camp of Israel
in their Journeylngs to the West.

Let all the people of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints, and those who journey with them, be organized into com-
panies, with a covenant and promise to keep all the command-
ments and statutes of the Lord our God.

Let the companies be organized with captains of hundreds,
captains of fifties, and captains of tens, with a president and his
two counselors at their head, under the direction of the Twelve

And this shall be our covenant, that we will walk In all the
ordinances of the Lord.

Let each company provide themselves with all the teams, wagons,
provisions, clothing, and other necessaries for the journey that
they can.

When the companies are organized, let them go to with their
might, to prepare for those who are to tarry.

Let each company with their captains and presidents decide how
many can go -next spring; then choose out a sufficient number of
able-bodied and expert men. to take teams, seeds, and farming
utensils, to go as pioneers to prepare for putting in spring crops.



Let each company bear an equal proportion, according to the
dividend of their property, in taking the poor, the widows, the
fatherless, and the families of those who have gone into the army,
that the cries of the widow and the fatherless come not up Into
the ears of the Lord against this people.

Let each company prepare houses, and fields for raising grain,
for those who are to remain behind this season, and this is the
will of the Lord concerning his people.

Let every man use all his influence and property to remove this
people to the place where the Lord shall locate a Stake of Zion;

And If ye do this with a pure heart, in all faithfulness, ye shall
be blessed; you shall be blessed in your flocks, and in your herds,
and in your fields, and In your houses, and in your families.

Let my servants Ezra T. Benson and Erastus Snow organize a

And let my servants Orson Pratt and Wllford Woodruff organize
a company.

Also, let my servants Amasa Lyman and George A. Smith
organize a company;

And appoint presidents, and captains of hundreds, and of fifties,
and of tens.

And let my servants that have been appointed BO and teach
this my will to the saints, that they may be ready to go to a
land of peace.

Go thy way and do as I have told you, and fear not thine
enemies; for they shall not have power to stop my work.

Zion shall be redeemed in mine own due time. ' ' Doc. and

Cov. Sec. 136.

Tues. 19. John Perkins, a member of the Mormon Battal-
ion, died at Pueblo.

Apostles Parley P. Pratt and John Taylor and a small
company of Saints sailed from Liverpool, England, bound for
New Orleans, but were on account of storms obliged to
return to Liverpool, after nine days of rough sailing.

Sat. 23. Orson Spencer arrived at Liverpool, England, to
preside over the British Mission as successor to Apostle
Orson Hyde. Elder Franklin D. Richards had had temporary
charge of the mission.

Wed. 27. The Mormon Battalion arrived at San Luis Rey,
a deserted Catholic mission, and from a neighboring bluff
first saw the Pacific Ocean.

Fri. 29. The Battalion arrived at a point near San Diego,

February. Mon. 1. The Battalion was ordered back to
San Luis Rey, where it rested a short time.

Apostles Parley F. Pratt and John Taylor again sailed
from Liverpool, bound for New Orleans, where they landed
March 10th.

Mon. 15. John H. Tippetts and Thomas Woolsey arrived
at Winter Quarters, as messengers from the Battalion boys
at Pueblo, after extreme sufferings on the journey.

Tues. 23. Apostle Orson Hyde sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, returning to America. He arrived at New York April
6th, and at the camps of the Saints, on the Missouri river.
May 12th.

Sun. 28. Arnold Stevens, a corporal In the Mormon Bat-
talion, died at Pueblo.

March. At this time Winter Quarters contained 41 blocks,
820 lots, 700 houses, 22 wards, etc.

Thurs. 4. Thomas Ward, formerly president of the British
mission, died in England.

Mon. 15. Company B of the Mormon Battalion was ordered
from San Luis Rey to garrison San Diego.

Fri. 19. Most of the Mormon Battalion, except company B,
(w"hich was stationed as a garrison at San Diego), left San
Luis Rey for Pueblo de los Angeles, where it arrived on the

Sun. 28. After nearly three years missionary labors in the
Society Islands mission, Elder Addison Pratt sailed from Pa-
peete, Tahiti, per ship "Providence," on his return to Amer-
ica, leaving Benjamin F. Grouard in charge of the mission.

Mon. 29. A number of the Pioneers at Winter Quarters
reported themselves ready to start for the mountains.

About that time David Smith, of the Mormon Battalion,
died at San Luis Rey.

April. Mon. 5. Apostle Heber C. Kimball moved out four
miles from Winter Quarters, with six teams, and formed a
nucleus to which the company of Pioneers could gather.

Thurs. 8. Apostle Parley P. Pratt returned to Winter
Quarters from his mission to England.

Sat. 10. M. S. Blanchard, of the- Mormon Battalion, died
at Pueblo.

Sun. 11. Company C of the Mormon Battalion was ordered
to the Cajon Pass, about forty-five miles east of Los Angeles.

Wed. 14. Pres. Brigham Young and his brethren of the
Twelve left Winter Quarters for the Rocky Mountains. They
joined the Pioneer camp near the Elkhorn river.

Thurs. .16. The Pioneer company was organized. It con-
sisted of 73 wagons, 143 men, 3 women and 2 children 148

Sat. 24. The Mormon Battalion was ordered to erect a
fort on a hill near Los Angeles.

Tues. 27. Mrs. Hunter, wife of Captain Jesse D. Hunter,
of the Battalion, died at San Diego, Cal.

May. Tues. li. Albert Dunham, of the Battalion, died at
San Diego, from an ulcer on the brain.

Thurs. 13. Gen. Stephen F. Kearney left Los Angeles for
Ft. Leavenworth. accompanied by about fifteen brethren of
the Battalion. The general and four of the men went by
water and the rest by land to Monterey.

Mon. 24. The sick detachments of the Battalion which had
wintered at Pueblo, took up the line of march for California.

Mon. 31. Gen. Stephen F. Kearney's detachment of the
Battalion left Monterey and traveled by way of the Sacra-
mento Valley, over the Sierra Nevadas, via Ft. Hall, Soda
Springs, and the Platte River, where it met several com-
panies of Saints, going west, and arrived at Ft. Leavenworth
in August.

June. Tues. 1. The Pioneers arrived at Ft. Laramie. A
company of Saints, numbering seventeen persons, who had
left the State of Mississippi the previous year, joined the
Pioneers at that place. It was a part of the company who
had wintered at Pueblo: the remainder of it came on with
Capt. Brown's detachment of the Battalion.

Thurs. 3. The Pioneers crossed the North Fork of the

Platte river at Ft. Laramie, having traveled on the left bank
of the Platte, from the Elkhorn to that point.

Fri. 11. Amasa M. Lyman, who had been sent back from
the Pioneer camp, and other Elders, met the sick detachment
of the Mormon Battalion on Pole Creek.

Mon. 14. The Pioneers recrossed the Platte river from its
south to north side, 124 miles west of Ft. Laramie.

The first company of emigrating Saints was organized
at Elkhorn river for journeying west, and on the 19th about
five hundred and seventy-five wagons from Winter Quarters
had crossed the "Horn."

Wed. 16. Capt. Brown's detachment of the Mormon Bat-
talion reached Ft. Laramie, and continued the following day
westward, intending, if possible, to overtake the Pioneers,
who had passed twelve days before.

Sun. 20. Thomas Smith was arrested and imprisoned at
Covington, Warwickshire, England, for having cast out evil
spirits. After examination, he and Richard Currell, the sub-
ject of administration, were dismissed, there being no cause
of action.

Sun. 27. The Pioneers crossed the South Pass of the
Rocky Mountains. On the following day they met Capt.
James Bridger who considered it imprudent to bring a large
population into the Great Basin, until it could be ascertained
that grain could be raised there. So sanguine was he that
it could not be done, that he said he would give one thou-
sand dollars for the first ear of corn produced there.

Tues. 29. Henry W. Bigler and others of the Mormon Bat-
talion, stationed at San Diego, cleared the first yard for
moulding brick in California.

Wed. 30. Samuel Brannan, on his way from California,
met the Pioneers at Green river, with news from the Saints
who went out in the ship "Brooklyn" the year previous.

July. Sun. 4. Thirteen men of Capt. Brown's detachment
of the Mormon Battalion, overtook the Pioneers on Green

Wed. 7. The Pioneers arrived at Fort Bridger.

Tues. 13. The Pioneers were encamped at the head of
Echo Canyon; Apostle Orson Pratt was appointed to take 23
wagons and 42 men and precede the main company of
Pioneers into Great Salt Lake Valley.

Thurs. 15. Company B of the Mormon Battalion joined
the main body at Los Angeles.

Fri. 16. The Battalion was honorably discharged at Los

Tues. 20. Eighty-one of the members of the Battalion re-
enlisted for six months at Los Angeles. Four days later they
were ordered to San Diego, where they arrived on Aug. 2nd,
and were stationed as a provost guard to protect the citizens
from Indian raids, etc. Those who did not re-enlist, organized
into companies for traveling, and a few days later took up
the line of march towards the East.

Wed. 21. The advance company of the Pioneers camped in
Emigration Canyon, went into the valley, and a circuit of
about twelve miles was made before they got back to camp
at 9 p. m.

Thurs. 22. The advance company of Pioneers entered Great
Salt Lake Valley and camped on Canyon Creek.

Fri. 23. The advance company moved about three miles
and camped on what was subsequently known as the 8th
Ward Square of Salt Lake City. Apostle Orson Pratt called
the camp together, dedicated the land to the Lord, invoked his
blessings on the seeds about to be planted, and on the labors
of the Saints in the valley. The camp was organized for
work. The first successful plowing was done by Wm. Carter.
A company commenced the work of getting out water for
irrigation. Pres. Brigham Young, who was sick, and those
with him, encamped at the foot of the Little Mountain

Sat. 24. Pres. Young entered Great Salt Lake Valley and
joined the main body of Pioneers at 2 p. m. Not a member of
the company had died on the journey.

Sun. 25. Religious services were held for the first time in
Great Salt Lake Valley. Geo. A. Smith preached the first pub-
lic discourse and the Sacrament was administered there for
the first time.

Mon. 26. Pres. Young and others ascended what is now
known as Ensign Peak, north of Salt Lake City, and named it.

Tues. 27. Some Ute Indians visited the Pioneer camp. The
Twelve and a few others started west from the Pioneer camp
on an exploring expedition. Crossing the stream which forms
the outlet of Utah lake, they named it the Jordan river, and
then proceeded to Black Rock, eighteen miles further, where
the company took a bath in the lake.

Wed. 28. The exploring party returned to camp, a council
was held and the Temple Block located.

Thurs. 29. The detachment of the Mormon Battalion, which
had wintered at Pueblo, on the Arkansas river, under Capt.
James Brown, arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley, accom-
panied by the Saints from Mississippi. This increased the
number in camp to about four hundred souls.

August. Mon. 2. The survey of a city was commenced in
Great Salt Lake Valley.

Wed. 4. Twenty-seven of the re-enlisted Battalion boys
were ordered to San Luis Rey, Cal., to protect the mission

Fri. 6. The Apostles in Great Salt Lake Valley renewed
their covenants by baptism, and the rest of the company
soon after followed their example.

Mon. 9. Catharine C. Steele, wife of John Steele, of the
Battalion, gave birth to a female child who was named Young
Elizabeth Steele. She was the first white child born in the

Tues. 10. The building of the "Old Fort" was commenced
by the Pioneers in Great Salt Lake Valley on what is now
known as the Pioneer Square, Sixth Ward, Salt Lake City.

Wed. 11. Milton H. Therlkill, three years old, was accident-
ally drowned near the Pioneer camp. This was the first death
among white people in Great Salt Lake Valley.

Wed. 18. Nearly half of the Pioneers left Great Salt
Lake Valley with ox teams, on their return to Winter Quar-
ters for their families.

Fri. 20. The returning Battalion boys arrived on the Sacra-



mento river. On the 24th they reached a settlement of white
people, and received the first news of the Saints settling in
Great Salt Valley.

Sat. 21. Albert Carrington, John Brown and Wm. W. Rust
ascended to the summit of the Twin Peaks, the highest moun-
tain near Great Salt Lake Valley.

Sun. 22. At a special conference held in Great Salt Lake
Valley, the city, which had been commenced by the Pioneers,
was named Great Salt Lake City; the river Jordan and the
mountain streams on the east side of the Valley were also

Thurs. 26. The second company of returning Pioneers left
Great Salt Lake Valley for Winter Quarters to forward the
emigration, where they arrived Oct. 31st. On their trip they
met several companies of Saints who followed in the track of
the Pioneers. Between six and seven hundred wagons, with
about two thousand souls, arrived in the Valley that fall.
When the Pioneers left for Winter Quarters, the colonists in
the Valley had laid off a fort, built 27 log houses, plowed
and planted 84 acres with corn, potatoes, beans, buckwheat,
turnips, etc.

September. The members of the Mormon Battalion who
had returned to California from the Truckee river were em-
ployed by Capt. John A. Stutter, digging mill-races and
erecting mills, near the place where Sacramento City now

Fri. 3. The returning Battalion boys, having crossed the
Sierra Nevada Mountains, reached the place where the unfor-
tunate Hastings company had perished the previous winter.
A number of human bodies were yet lying unburied on top of
the ground. Henry P. Hoyt died.

A few days later the soldiers were met by Samuel Brannan,
James Brown and others, on the Truckee river. Brannan
brought word from Pres. Brigham Young for those who had
no means of subsistence to remain in California and work
during the winter, and come to the Valley in the spring. About
half of the company then returned to California.

Wed. 8. Sergeant Lafayette N. Frost, of the re-enlisted
Mormon Battalion company, died at San Diego.

Mon. 20. Harriet P. Young, wife of Lorenzo D. Young, gave
birth to a male child, which was subsequently named Lorenzo
Dow. He died March 22, 1848. This was the flrst white male
child born in Great Salt Lake Valley.

October. Sun. 3. The Saints in Great Salt Lake Valley
were organized into a Stake of Zion with John Smith as
president and Charles C. Rich and John Young as counselors.
Selections for a High Council were also made. Charles C.
Rich was elected chief military commander in the Valley.
Sat. 16. Those of the discharged Battalion boys who did
not return to California arrived in Great Salt Lake City.

Mon. 18. Thirty-two of the Battalion boys, who were
anxious to meet their families at Winter Quarters, left Great
Salt Lake City for that place, where they arrived Dec. 18th,
after a hard journey.

November. Capt. James Brown returned to Great Salt
Lake Valley from a visit to California, bringing about $5,000
in gold.

Fri. 5. Neal Donald, one of the Battalion boys who had re-
enlisted, died at San Diego.

December. Apostle Parley P. Pratt and others visited the
Utah lake, where they launched a boat.

Sun. 5. At a council of the Apostles held in the house of
Apostle Orson Hyde, (attended by Brigham Young, Heber C.
Kimball. Orson Hyde, Willard Richards. Wilford Woodruff,
Geo. A. Smith, Amasa M. Lyman and Ezra T. Benson), Brigham

Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 289 of 293)