Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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Young was unanimously elected President of the Church, with
authority to nominate his Counselors, which he did by naming
Heber C. Kimball as his flrst and Willard Richards as his
second Counselor.

Mon. 6. John Smith, the Prophet's uncle, was chosen by

the Council of the Apostles, as Patriarch to the whole Church.

Sat. 11. Philemon C. Merrill, with fifteen others of the

Mormon Battalion, arrived at Winter Quarters; they left

Great Salt Lake City Oct. 8th.

Thurs. 23. The Twelve issued an important epistle from
Winter Quarters to all the Saints, announcing, among other
things, that emigration could be recommenced.

Fri. 24. A general conference of the Church was commenced
In a log Tabernacle erected by the Saints on the east side of
the Missouri river (on the present site of Council Bluffs) It
lasted four days. On the last day (Dec. 27th) Brigham Young
was unanimously sustained as President of the Church, with
Heber C. Kimball as his flrst and Willard Richards as second
Counselor. John Smith was sustained as presiding Patriarch
to the Church.

1848

January. Mon. 24. Gold was discovered In Sutter's mill
race, which had been dug by the Mormon Battalion boys. This
discovery soon put the whole country in a fever of excitement

February. Nathaniel Thos. Brown, one of Pres Brigham
Young's Pioneer corps, was shot and killed at Council Bluffs,
la.

Wed. 2. By the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexico, Upper
California, including what is now Utah, was ceded to the
United States.

Sun. 20. The ship "Carnatic" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with 120 Saints, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley, un-
der the direction of Franklin D. Richards. It arrived at
New Orleans about April 19th, whence the company proceeded
up the Mississippi and Missouri rivers to Winter Quarters,
and thence commenced the journey across the plains.

March. About this time Davis County was settled by Perri-
grine Sessions, who located the settlement subsequently
called Bountiful.

Mon. 6. The Great Salt Lake City fort contained 423
houses and 1,671 souls. The adjoining farming field con-
sisted of 5,133 acres of land, of which 875 acres were sown
with winter wheat.

Thurs. 9. The ship "Sailor Prince" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 80 Saints, under the direction of Moses Martin.



Tues. 14. The re-enlisted company of the Mormon Battal-
ion was disbanded at S'an Diego, and on the 25th twenty-five
men, with Henry G. Boyle as captain, started for Great Salt
Lake Valley, where they arrived June 5th.

April. Thurs. 6. At a conference held in the log Taber-
nacle (Millers Hollow), on the east side of the Missouri river
the settlement at that place was called Kanesville, in honor
of Col. Thomas L. Kane.

May. A company of Saints from Great Britain arrived at
Winter Quarters.

Tues. 9. Twenty-two wagons the flrst of the season
left Winter Quarters for the Valley and traveled twenty-
seven miles to the Elkhorn river.

Thurs. 11. Apostle Orson Pratt left Winter Quarters on a
mission to England.

Fri. 26. Pres. Brigham Young left Winter Quarters for the
second time for Great Salt Lake Valley.

Wed. 31. At Elkhorn river, Pres. Young commenced to
organize the emigrating Saints into companies of hundreds,
fifties and tens.

June. In the commencement of this month Pres. Young
broke camp at the Elkhorn and started for Great Salt Lake
Valley, with a compan" consisting of 1,229 souls and 397
wagons. He was followed by Heber C. Kimball's company
of 662 souls and 226 wagons, and Willard Richard's company
consisting of 526 souls and 169 wagons. The last wagons
left Winter Quarters July 3rd, leaving that place almost
destitute of inhabitants.

Myriads of big crickets came down from the mountains
into the Great Salt Lake Valley, and began to sweep away
fields -of grain and corn. The grain, however, was mostly
saved by the arrival of immense flocks of sea gulls, which
devoured the crickets.

Tues. 6. Capt. James Brown entered into negotiations with
Miles M. Goodyear, an Indian trader, located on the present
site of Ogden City, for the purchase of all the lands, claims
and improvements, owned by Goodyear, by virtue of a Spanish
grant. Brown paid $3.000 for the improvements, and soon
after located himself on the Weber.

Sat. 24. Captain Daniel Browett, Daniel Allen and Hender-
son Cox, three of the Battalion boys, left Sutter's Fort, Gal.,
on an exploring trip across the Sierra Nevada Mountains. A
few days later they were killed and their bodies terribly
mutilated by Indians.

July. Sun. 2. About thirty-seven of the Battalion boys,
who had spent the winter and spring in the Sacramento Val-
ley, Cal., commenced their eastward journey from Pleasant
Valley, fifty miles from gutter's Fort, with 16 wagons, bring-
ing with them two cannons. After a dangerous and adven-
turous journey they arrived in Great Salt Lake City Oct. 1st.
Sat. 22. Patriarch Asahel Smith died at lowaville, Wapello
Co., Iowa.

Wed. 26. Apostle Orson Pratt and family arrived in Eng-
land from Winter Quarters.

August. Apostle Orson Pratt succeeded Orson Spencer as
president of the British mission.

Wed. 9. The Great Salt Lake City fort contained 450
buildings and 1.800 inhabitants. There were three saw mills
and one temporary flouring mill running, and others in course
of construction.

Thurs. 10. The Saints in Great Salt Lake City had a feast
to celebrate the first harvest gathered in the Great Basin.
Sun. 13. At a general conference, held in Manchester, Eng-
land, on this and the following day, 28 conferences and 350
branches, with a total of 17,902 members, were represented
In the British mission. Wm. Howell was called to go to
France to open up a missionary field in that country.

September. Thurs. 7. The ship "Erin's Queen" sailed from
Liverpool, England, with 232 Saints, under the direction of
Simeon Carter, bound for St. Louis, where the emigrants
arrived Nov. 6th. Most of them remained there during the
winter.

Mon. 18: John Henry Smith was born at Carbunca, near
Kanesville, la.

Wed. 20. -Pres. Brigham Young arrived in Great Salt
Lake Valley with the advance portion of his company. Pres.
Kimball's division arrived a few days later, and the other
companies all reached the Valley in good season.

Sat. 23. Reuben Brinkworth, who had been deaf and dumb
for five years, was restored to his speech and hearing under
the administrations of the Elders, at Newport, Monmouth-
shire, England.

Sun. 24. The ship "Sailor Prince" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 311 Saints on board, under the direction of L.
D. Butler, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley.

Thurs. 28. Addison Pratt arrived in Great Salt Lake City
from a five years' mission to the Society Islands, where
about twelve hundred persons had been baptized.

October. Sun. 1. At a public meeting held in Great Salt
Lake City, it was voted to build a council house by tithing
labor, and Daniel H. Wells was appointed superintendent of
its erection.

Sun. 8. At a general conference held in the Great Salt
Lake City fort, Brigham Young was unanimously sustained
as President of the Church, with Heber C. Kimball and Wil-
lard Richards as his Counselors.

Mon. 9. The Nauvoo Temple was burned through the work
of an incendiary.

Tues. 10. Apostle Willard Richard's company arrived in
Great Salt Lake City, having been met by teams from the
Valley.

Thurs. 19. Apostle Amasa M. Lyman's company arrived In
Great Salt Lake City.

Sat. 21. Oliver Cowdery bore his testimony to the truth
of the Book of Mormon, in a conference held at Kanesville,
la.

November. The High Council at Kanesville voted to re-
ceive Oliver Cowdery back into the Church by baptism, ac-
cording to his own humble request. Soon afterwards he was
baptized, and he made preparation to take a mission to Eng-
land.



1312



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



December. Sun. 3. At a meeting, held in the Great Salt
Lake City fort, fellowship was withdrawn from Apostle
Lyman Wight and Bishop Geo. Miller.

1849

January. The first number of "Udgorn Seion" (Zion's
Trumpet*, was issued in the interest of the Church in Wales,
as a continuation of "Prophwyd y Jubili."

Mon. 1. John Smith, uncle of the Prophet Joseph, was or-
dained Patriarch to the whole Church.

The first ?1 bill of "Valley Currency" was signed by
Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Thos. Bullock.

Fri. 19. Marcus B. Thorpe, one of Pres. Brigham Young's
Pioneers, was murdered in California.

Mon. 22. Pres. Brigham Young and Thos. Bullock were
engaged in setting type for the 50-cent bills of the Valley
paper currency. This was the first type setting in Great
Salt Lake Valley.

Mon. 29. The ship "Zetland" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with 358 Saints, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley, under
the presidency of Orson Spencer. It arrived at New Orleans
April 2nd, and the emigrants arrived at Kanesville, Iowa,
May 17th, having suffered much from cholera while passing
up the Missouri river.

February. The Stake of Zion in Great Salt Lake Valley
was reorganized with Daniel Spencer as president and David
Fullmer and Willard Snow counselors. A High Council was
also organized, of which the members were: Isattc Morley,
Phineas Richards, Shadrach Roundy, Henry G. Sherwood,
Titus Billings Eleazer Miller, John Vance, Levl Jackman,
Ira Eldredge, Elisha H. Groves, Wm. W. Major and Edwin
D. Woolley.

Mon. 5. This was a very cold day in Great Salt Lake City,
the thermometer showed 33 degrees F. below zero.

Tues. 6. The ship "Ashland" sailed from Liverpool, Eng-
land, with 187 Saints, under the direction of John Johnson,
bound for Great Salt Lake Valley.

Wed. 7. The first number of the "Frontier Guardian," a
semi-monthly four-page newspaper, was published by Apostle
Orson Hyde, at Kanesville, Iowa.

The ship "Henry Ware" sailed from Liverpool, England,
with 225 Saints on board, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley,
under the direction of Robert Martin.

Mon. 12. Charles C. Rich, Lorenzo Snow, Erastus Snow and
Franklin D. Richards were ordained Apostles, to fill the va-
cancies in the Council of Twelve Apostles caused by the re-
organization of the First Presidency and the rejection of
Lyman Wight.

Wed. 14. Great Salt Lake City -was divided into nineteen
ecclesiastical Wards of nine blocks each.

Fri. 16. The First Presidency and the Apostles, in council
assembled, divided the country lying south of Great Salt
Lake City into four Bishop's Wards, namely, Canyon Creek
(afterwards Sugar House), Mill Creek, Holladay (afterwards
Big Cottonwood) and South Cottonwood.

Thurs. 22. At a council meeting held in Great Salt Lake
City, the following Bishops were ordained and set apart to
preside in the City Wards: David Fairbanks, 1st Ward;
John Lowry, 2nd Ward; Christopher Williams, 3rd Ward;
Wm. Hickenlooper, 6th Ward; Wm. G. Perkins, 7th Ward;
Addisan Everett. 8th Ward; Seth Taft, 9th Ward; David
Pettigrew. 10th Ward; Benjamin Covey, 12th Ward; Edward
Hunter, 13th Ward; John Murdock, 14th Ward; Abraham O.
Smoot. 15th Ward; Isaac Higbee, 16th Ward; Joseph L.
Heywood, 17th Ward and James Hendricks, 19th Ward.

Sun. 25. The ship "Buena Vista" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 249 Welsh Saints, under the direction of Dan
Jones.

Mon. 26. Work was commenced on the Council House,
Great Salt Lake City.

March. Provo, Utah Valley, was settled by John S. Higbee
and some thirty others. On March 18th a branch of the
Church was organized with John S. Higbee as president. Dur-
ing the year the settlers had some trouble with the Indians.

A post office was established in Great Salt Lake City,
with Joseph L. Heywood as postmaster.

The Icarians arrived at Nauvoo, 111., and bought the ruins
Of the Temple, with a view to refit it for school purposes.

Mon. 5. The ship "Hartley" sailed from Liverpool. Eng-
land, with 220 Saints bound for Great Salt Lake Valley, un-
der the direction of W. Hulme. It arrived at New Orleans
April 28th.

Thurs. 8. A convention, which was held for three days,
convened in Great Salt Lake City. Before its adjournment a
State constitution for the proposed State of Deseret was
adopted. Almon W. Babbitt was soon after sent as delegate
to Congress, with a petition asking for admission into the
Union.

Mon. 12. An election took place for officers of the provis-
ional government of the State of Deseret. Brigham Young
was chosen governor; Willard Richards, secretary; Newel K.
Whitney, treasurer; Heber C. Kimball, chief judge; John
Taylor and Newel K. Whitney, associate judges; Daniel H.
Wells, attorney general; Horace S. Eldredge, marshal; Albert
Carrington, assessor and collector of taxes; Joseph L. Hey-
wood, surveyor of highways. Magistrates were also appointed
for the several Wards.

The ship "Emblem" sailed from Liverpool. England, with
about one hundred Saints, under the direction of Robert
Deans, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley.

Thurs. 15. John Van Cott sold a peck of potatoes for $5 In
Great Salt Lake City, which was considered cheap.

Sun. 25. The first public meeting was held on the Temple
Block, Great Salt Lake City.

Wed. 28. The Nauvoo Legion was partly reorganized;
Daniel H. Wells was appointed major-general. The first com-
pany organized was under the command of Capt. George D.
Grant, and those who belonged to it were styled "minute
men."

April. The settlers In Utah Valley built a fort near the
present site of Provo City.



Sun. 8. The Fourth Ward, Great Salt Lake City, was or-
ganized with Benjamin Brown as Bisnop.

Mon. 9. The First Presidency issued the "First General
Epistle" to the whole Church from Great Salt Lake Valley.
By this time the people in the Great Salt Lake City fort had
commenced to move out to their city lots.

May. Sat. 5. Elder Elijah Malin, of Winter Quarters, died
of cholera, in St. Louis, Mo., returning from a mission to
Pennsylvania.

June, Mon. 11. Caleb Baldwin, one of the brethren who had
been imprisoned with the Prophet Joseph in Liberty jail,
Mo., died in Great Salt Lake City.

Sat. 16. Parties from the east en route for the California
gold mines began to arrive in the Valley, and during the sum-
mer they traveled through by thousands. They brought
all kinds of merchandise, wagons, tools and farming imple-
ments, etc., which were sold to the Saints below original cost,
in exchange for provisions.

July. Elder William Howell visited France and began to
preach the gospel; he baptized the first person on July 30th,
at Havre, and during the remainder of the year he baptized
a few more. Among the number was a Baptist preacher
about sixty years old.

Mon. 2. The General Assembly of the Provisional State of
Deseret met for the first time in Great Salt Lake City.

Sat. 21. The first endowment in Great Suit Lake Valley
was given to Addison Pratt on Ensign Peak.

Tues. 24. The first celebration to commemorate the en-
trance of the Pioneers into Great Salt Lake Valley was
held in Great Salt Lake City.

August. Fri. 24. Wm. W. Phelps ascended to the top of
Mount Nebo, south of Utah Valley, to make scientific obser-
vations.

Tues. 28. Captain Howard Stansbury and party of survey-
ors arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley, accompanied by Lieu-
tenant John W. Gunnison.

September. Sat. 1. Wm. Dayton was accidently. killed and
Geo. W. Bean crippled for life, by the premature discharge
of a cannon at Fort Utah (Provo), Utah.

Sun. 2. The ship "James Pennell" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 236 Saints, under the direction of Thomas H.
Clark, bound for Great Salt Lake Valley. It arriTed at New
Orleans, Oct. 22nd.

Wed. 5. The ship "Berlin" sailed from Liverpool with 253
Saints, under James G. Brown's direction, bound for Great
Salt Lake Valley; it arrived at New Orleans Oct. 22nd.
Twenty-six died on the voyage of cholera.

Sun. 23. Orson Spencer arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley,
with his company of British Saints.

October. Wed. 3. Three companies of emigrating Saints
were exposed to the fury of a tremendous snow storm near
the South Pass. Sixty head of cattle perished.

Sat. 6. The Deseret Dramatic Association was organized
in Great Salt Lake City.

On this and the following day a general conference of the
Church was held in Great Salt Lake City, at which the Per-
petual Emigration Fund was commenced. John Taylor, Cur-
tis E. Bolton and John Pack were called on missions to
France; Erastus Snow and Peter O. Hansen to Denmark;
Lorenzo Snow and Joseph Toronto to Italy; Franklin D.
Richards, Joseph W. Johnson. Joseph W. Young, Job Smith,
Haden W. Church, Geo. B. Wallace and John S. Higbee to
Great Britain; Charles C. Rich and Francis M. Pomeroy to
Lower California; Addison Pratt, James S. Brown and Hiram
H. Blackwell to the Society Islands, and John E. Forsgren to
Sweden. A "Carrying Company," for carrying goods from
the Missouri river to the Valley and also to run a wagon
passenger train, was organized. It was voted to lay off a
city in Capt. James Brown's neighborhood (Ogden), and an-
other one in Utah Valley (Provo); also to make a settlement
in San Pete Valley (Manti). For the latter Isaac Morley,
Charles Shumway and Seth Taft were appointed a presi-
dency.

Fri. 12. The first Presidency issued the "Second General
Epistle" from Great Salt Lake Valley, to the Saints in all
the world.

Fri. 19. The missionaries' camp -was organized for travel-
Ing, Shadrach Roundy being appointed president. The com-
pany consisted of 35 men, with 12 wagons, 1 carriage, and 42
horses and mules. Among the Elders were Apostles Lorenzo
Snow, Erastus Snow and Franklin D. Richards, Bishop Edward
Hunter and other prominent men. It was the first company
of missionaries sent from the Rocky Mountains.

November. Sat. 10. The ship "Zetland" sailed from Liver-
pool, England, with 250 Saints, under the direction of S. H.
Hawkins. It arrived at New Orleans Dec. 24th.

Mon. 12. The missionaries traveling east were attacked
by about two hundred Cheyenne warriors, on the Plate river,
but escaped unhurt.

Mon. 19. San Pete Valley was settled by a company, under
the guidance of Isaac Morley, Seth Taft and Charles Shumway.
They located near the present site of Manti.

Fri. 23. An exploring company, consisting of about fifty
men, was organized at Capt. John Brown's house, on Big Cot-
tonwood, with Apostle Parley P. Pratt as president; it started
the next day to explore what Is now southern Utah.

December. The general assembly of the Provisional State
of Deseret met for the second time and held adjourned meet-
ings at intervals through the winter. Among the important
business done was the creating of Great Salt Lake, Weber,
Utah, San Pete, Juab and Tooele counties, appointing a su-
preme court, chartering a State University, etc.

The first Sunday school in Utah was opened by Elder
Richard Ballantyne, in the 14th Ward, Great Salt Lake City.

Sat. 1. Nineteen men on foot arrived in Great Salt Lake
City from the East in a very destitute condition, having
left their wagons in the snow on Echo creek, forty miles
back.

Fri. 7. After an adventurous journey, during which an
overruling Providence was clearly made manifest in be-
half of the Elders, the missionaries arrived at Old Ft.
Kearney, on the Missouri River.



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1313



MOB. 24. A terrific wind swept over Great Salt Lake Valley
from the south.

Before the end of the year, the Saints who had settled on
the Little Cottonwood creek, south of Great Salt Lake City,
were organized into a Ward, named Little Cottonwood,
with Silas Richards as Bishop.

1850

In Utah Valley, where a number of new settlements were
founded during the year, the Saints had trouble with the
Indians. The first missions of the Church were opened in
France, Italy and Denmark by Apostles John Taylor, Lo-
renzo Snow and Erastus Snow respectively, assisted by
other Elders. Later in the year the first Latter-day Saint
Elders also arrived in Switzerland and in Hawaii (Sand-
wich Islands) and commenced missionary labors. The Ter-
ritory of Utah was created by act of Congress.

January. The British Mission contained about twenty-
eight thousand Saints, having increased more than ten
thousand during the last sixteen months.

Apostle Parley P. Pratt's company explored the southern
country as far south as the mouth of the Santa Clara river,
beyond the Rim of the Basin.

Thurs. 10. The ship "Argo" sailed from Liverpool. Eng-
land, with 402 Saints, under the direction of Jeter Clinton. It
arrived at New Orleans March 8th.

Mon. 21. Apostle Parley P. Pratt's company on its re-
turn from the south went into winter camp on Chalk Creek
(near the present site of Fillmore), unable to travel further
with wagons through the deep snow. Twenty-four of the
men with the best horses and mules pushed on to Great
Salt Lake City, and the remainder followed in March.

February. Thurs. 7. A company of about one hundred
minute men, under command of Capt. Geo. D. Grant, left
Great Salt Lake City for Utah County, to protect the settlers
there against the depredations of the Indians (Utes).

Fri. 8. On this and the following day a battle was
fought between the "minute men" and about seventy Indian
warriors under Big Elk, close to Utah Fort (now Provo), in
which several were killed and wounded on both sides. The
Indians subsequently retreated to the mountains.

Mon. 11. General Daniel H. Wells, who had arrived in
Utah Valley with more men, pursue! the Indians and over-
took them near Table Rock. Five warriors were killed and
the rest taken prisoners. The next day, when the Indians
tried to overpower the guard, another battle ensued in
which several natives were killed. The squaws and chil-
dren were subsequently taken to Great Salt Lake City, and
a number of the children adopted by citizens.

Frl. 22. A light shock of earthquake was felt in Great
Salt Lake Valley.

March. Sun. 3. Oliver Cowdery died in the faith, at Rich-
mond, Ray Co., Mo., of consumption.

Tues. 5. A branch of the Church was organized at Ogden
with Lorin Farr as president.

Tues. 26. Col. Thos. L. Kane delivered his famous lec-
ture on the "Mormons" before the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia.

April. Elder Wm. Howell organized a branch of the Church
with six members at Boulogne-sur-Mer, France. This was
the first branch of the Church raised up in that country.

May. , Mon. 27. The walls of the Nauvoo Temple were
blown down by a hurricane.

June. The water was higher in Great Salt Lake Valley
than ever before since the Pioneers arrived. A number of
bridges were washed away and other damage done. Emi-
grants en route to California passed through Great Salt
Lake City almost daily.

Sat. 8. The first mail of the season from the States ar-
rived In Great Salt Lake Valley.

Frl. 14. Apostle Erastus Snow and Elders John E. Fors-
gren and Geo. P. Dykes landed in Copenhagen. Denmark,
as the first missionaries to Scandinavia, except Elder Peter
O. Hansen, who had arrived there a few weeks before.

Sat. 15. The first number of the "Deseret News" was pub-
lished In Great Salt Lake City; Willard Richards, editor.

Tues. 25. Apostle Lorenzo Snow and Elders Joseph To-
ronto and Thos. B. H. Stenhouse arrived at Genoa, Italy, as
the first Latter-day Saint missionaries to that country.

July. Under the new management of Apostle Orson
Pratt, the "Millennial Star" had increased its circulation from
about three thousand seven hundred to over twenty-two
thousand.

Thnrs. 4. Parley's Canyon, Utah, was opened for travel
under the name of the "Golden Pass"; Parley P. Pratt, pro-
prietor. The toll was 75 cts. for each conveyance drawn by
two animals, and 10 cents for each additional draught, pack
or saddle animal, etc. The Newark Rangers, of Kendall
County, III. was the first company to follow Apostle Pratt
through the pass, which opened a new road through the
mountains from the Weber river to Great Salt Lake Valley.

-The general assembly of the State of Deseret held a
joint session and passed an ordinance taxing the sale of
liquor at the rate of 50 per cent ad valorum.

Frl. 19. Elder John E. Forsgren baptized his brother
Peter A. Forsgren, near Grefle, Sweden. This was the first
baptism in Sweden by divine authority in this dispensation.

August. Lehi, Utah Valley, was first settled; about the
same time the two neighboring towns of American Fork
and Pleasant Grove were settled.

Mon. 5. Pres. Brigham Toung pointed out the site for a
Temple on the hill where the Manti Temple, San Pete Co.,
Utah, now stands.

Mon. 12. The first baptisms In Denmark, by divine au-
thority in this dispensation, took place in Copenhagen,
Apostle Erastus Snow baptizing fifteen persons in Oresund.



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 290 of 293)