Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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was chosen Patriarch to the Church in place of the deceased.

Late in May (after a "talk" with Pres. Brigham Young),
the Indian chief Walker, surrounded by his braves, and
iKanosh, chief of the Pauvan Indians, entered into a formal
treaty of peace at Chicken Creek, Juab Co. This ended the
Ute war, during which 19 white persons and many Indians
had been killed, a number of the smaller settlements had
been broken up, and their inhabitants moved to the larger
towns.

June. Fri. 16. The workmen began at the southeast cor-
ner to lay the foundation of the Temple, in Great Salt Lake
City.

July. Thurs. 13. The Jordan river bridge, west of Great
Salt Lake City, was crossed by teams and herds for the first
time.

Tues. 25. Elder Richard Ballantyne sailed from Madras,
India, bound for London, where he arrived Dec. 6, 1854.

August. Tues. 8. Wm. and Warren Weeks, sons of Bishop
Allen Weeks, were killed by Goshute Indians, in Cedar Valley.

Sat. 12. Peter Whitmer, Sr., died in Richmond, Ray Co..
Mo. He was born April 14, 1773.

Tues. 15. The wall around the Temple Block, in Great
Salt Lake City, was completed.

November. Sat. 4. Apostle Erastus Snow organized a
Stake of Zion in St. Louis, Mo., with Milo Andrus as president,
and Charles Edwards and George Gardiner as counselors. A
High Council was also organized, consisting of James H. Hart,
Andrew Sproule, John Evans, Wm. Morrison, James S. Cant-
well, Wm. Lowe, Samuel J. Lees, Edward Cook, James S.
Brooks, William Gore, John Clegg and Charles Chard.

Sat. 11. Professor Orson Pratt discovered "a new and
easy method of solution of the cubic and biquadratic equa-
tions."

December. Sat. 30. A petition praying for the reappoint-
ment of Brigham Young to the governorship of Utah, and
signed by Col. Steptoe and the leading officials and business
men of Great Salt Lake City, was sent to Washington, D. C.

1855

January. Mon. 29. Walker, chief of the Ute Indians, died
at Mead9w Creek, Millard Co. His brother Arrapeen suc-
ceeded him as chief.

May. Sat. 5. The Endowment House, in Great Salt Lake
City, was dedicated.

Fri. 11. A treaty of peace was concluded with the Ute
Indians.

Sun. 20. The camp of the missionaries, called to settle on
the Salmon river, Oregon (now Idaho), was organized by
Thomas S. Smith on the bank of Bear river, with Francillo
Durfee as captain.

Mon. 21. A company of about forty men, under the presi-
dency of Alfred N. Billings, left Manti, San Pete Co., for a
valley near the Elk Mountains (La Salle Mountains), where
they arrived June 15th and commenced a settlement on the-
left bank of Grand river, where Moab now stands.

July. Sun. 1. The manufacture of molasses from beets at
the sugar factory, in the Sugar House Ward, Great Salt
Lake Co., was commenced.

Mon. 23. The massive foundation of the Temple in Great
Salt Lake City was finished.

September. Sun. 2. The Ute and Shoshone Indians met
in front of the "Deseret News" office, Great Salt Lake City,
and entered into a treaty of peace.

Tues. 11. Seth M. Blair's train of 45 wagons arrived in
Great Salt Lake City with a few Saints from Texas.

Thurs. 13. The Horticultural Society was organized in
Great Salt Lake City, with Wilford Woodruff as president.
Various other societies were organized in the fore part of
the year, among- which were the "Universal Scientific So-
ciety," the "Polysophical Society." the Deseret Philharmonic
Society and the "Deseret Typographical Association."

Sun. 23. James W. Hunt, Wm. Behunin and Edward Ed-
wards, of the Elk Mountain mission, were killed by Indians,



1316



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



who also wounded Pres. Alfred N. Billings, besides burning
hay and stealing cattle. The following day the colonists
left their fort and started for Manti, where they arrived
Sept. 30th.

October. Mon. 15. Gov. Young ordered out part of the
Utah militia, to protect the settlements in the eastern part
of the Territory from the Indians.

-Elder Orson Spencer died in St. Louis, Mo.

Wed. 24. Capt. Milo Andrus' immigrant train, called the
third P. E. Fund company of the season, arrived in Great
Salt Lake City.

The First Presidency of the Church, in the "Thirteenth
General Epistle," proposed that the Saints, who emigrated
by the P. E. Fund, should cross the plains with handcarts.

December. The Utah legislature passed a bill, authoriz-
ing an election of delegates to attend a Territorial conven-
tion, the object of which was to draft a State constitution,
and petition Congress a second time for the admission of
Utah into the Union.

Mon. 31. An able address on plural marriage, written by
Apostle Parley P. Pratt, was read before the Utah legisla-
ture at Fillmore, Utah.

1856

January. Fri. 18. The Utah legislature adjourned.

Sat. 26. At a mass meeting held in Great S'alt Lake City,
steps were taken for organizing the B. Y. Express Carrying
Company, to carry a daily express from the Missouri river
to California. In subsequent meetings shares were taken
to stock a thousand miles of the road.

February. The Indians stole many cattle and horses in
Utah and Cedar Valleys. On Feb. 21st they killed two herds-
men west of Utah Lake, and on the 22nd a posse of ten men
with legal writs called at an Indian camp in Cedar Valley
to arrest the murderers. A flght ensued, in which one In-
dian and a squaw were killed and Geo. Carson, one of the
posse, mortally wounded. He died on the 23d. On that
day (the 23d) Gov. Brigham Young, by proclamation, or-
dered out part of - the Utah militia to flght the Indians.
This difficulty with the natives is known in history as the
"Tintic War."

Sat. 23. The first number of the "Western Standard," a
"weekly paper published in the interest of the Church, was
issued at San Francisco, Cal.; Geo. Q. Cannon, editor.

Tues. 26. John Catlin and another man were killed, and
Geo. Winn was mortally wounded, by Indians, near Kim-
ball's creek, southwest of Utah lake. Capt. Peter Co.nnover,
with eighty men, soon afterwards crossed Utah lake' on the
Ice and pursued the hostile tribe into Tintic Valley, where
he recovered some of the stock stolen by the savages.

March. Mon. 17. A convention met in Great Salt Lake City
to prepare a State constitution and memorialize Congress for
the admission of Utah into the Union as the State of Des-
eret. The constitution and memorial were adopted on the
27th, and Apostles Geo. A. Smith and John Taylor were
elected delegates to present the same to Congress.

Sun. 23. The ship "Enoch Train" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 534 Saints, under the direction of James Fer-
guson. It arrived at Boston May 1st. From that city the
emigrants traveled by rail via New York to Iowa City, Iowa,
whence the journey across the plains this year was com-
menced by wagons and handcaqts. Daniel Spencer acted as
general superintendent of emigration on the borders, assisted
by Geo. D. Grant, Wm. H. Kimball, James H. Hart and others.

April. Sat. 19. The ship "Samuel Curling" sailed from
Liverpool with 707 Saints, under the direction of Dan Jones;
it arrived at Boston May 23d. From that city the emigrants
traveled by rail to Iowa City.

Mon. 21. Jacob Whitmer, one of the Eight Witnesses to
the Book of Mormon, died near Richmond, Ray Co., Mo.

May. Sun. 4. The ship "Thornton" sailed from Liverpool,
England, with 764 Saints, under the direction of James G.
Willie. It arrived at New York June 14th, and the emigrants,
continuing the journey by rail, arrived at Iowa City, June
26th.

Sun. 25. The ship "Horizon" sailed from Liverpool with
856 Saints, under the direction of Edward Martin. The com-
pany arrived safely at Boston, and reached Iowa City by rail
July 8th.

Wed. 28. A small company of Australian Saints, under the
direction of Augustus Farnham, sailed from Port Jackson,
New South Wales, bound for Utah. The ship touched at
Tahiti, Society Islands, June 22nd. Honolulu, Hawaii. July
16th, and arrived at San Pedro, Cal., Aug. 15th. From the
latter place the emigrants traveled by teams to San Bernar-
dino.

June. Sun. 1. Weber County, Utah, was divided into four
Bishops' Wards, and Erastus Bingham appointed Bishop of
the First, James G. Browning of the Second, Chauncey W.
West of the Third and Thos. Dunn of the Fourth Ward.

August. Mon. 25. Col. Almon W. Babbitt's train loaded
with government property and traveling west, was plundered
by Cheyenne Indians, near Wood river. Neb. A. Nichols and
two others were killed, and a Mrs. Wilson was carried away
by the savages.

September. Cache County was settled by Peter Maughan
and others, who located what Is now the town of Wellsville.

Col. Almon W. Babbit, Thos. Margetts and child. James
Cowdy and wife and others were killed, and Mrs. Margetts
carried away by Cheyenne Indians, east of Fort Laramie.

Fri. 26. The first two companies of immigrating Saints,
which crossed the plains with handcarts, arrived at Great
Salt Lake City, In charge of Capt. Edmund Ellsworth and
Daniel D. McArthur. They were met and welcomed by the
First Presidency of th Church, a brass band, a company of
lancers, and a large concourse of citizens. Capt. Ellsworth's
company had left Iowa City June 9th, and McArthur's June
llth. When they started, both contained 497 souls, with 100
handcarts, 5 wagons, 24 oxen, 4 mules and 25 tents.



October. Thurs. 2. Capt. John Banks' wagon company
of Immigrating Saints, and Capt. Edward Bunker's hand-
cart company, which had left Iowa City June 23rd, arrived
in Great Salt Lake City. The immigrants in the latter were
mostly from Wales.

The Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society
commenced its first exhibition in Great Salt Lake City,
called the "Deseret State Fair."

Capt. Geo. D. Grant left Great Salt Lake City with a
relief company to meet the immigration.

Fri. 17. An ordinance was passed by the Great Salt Lake
City council, organizing a Fire Department. Jesse C. Little
was appointed chief engineer.

Tues. 28. Capt. Kdward Martin's handcart company, de-
tained by the unusual early snow storms of the season, was
met by Joseph A. Young, Daniel W. Jones and Abel Garr, at
a point sixteen miles above the Platte bridge. Three days
later the company arrived at Greasewood creek, where four
wagons of the relief company, in charge of Geo. D. Grant,
loaded with provisions and some clothing for the suffering
emigrants were awaiting them.

November. Sun. 9. Capt. James O. Willie's handcart com-
pany arrived in Great Salt Lake City, after great sufferings
from scarcity of provisions, cold and over-exertion in the
mountains. It left Iowa City. Iowa, July 15th, with 120
handcarts and six wagons, numbering about five hundred
souls, of whom 66 died on the journey. Captain Abraham
O. Smoot's wagon train arrived the same day.

Thurs. 13. Joseph A. Young and Abel Garr arrived in
Great Salt Lake City with the news that the last companies
of emigrants were perishing in the mountains. More teams
and provisions were immediately forwarded to help them in.

Sat. 22. Heber Jeddie Grant was born in Great Salt Lake
City.

Sun. 30. Edward Martin's handcart company arrived in
Great. Salt Lake City, after extreme suffering. Many of the
emigrants had died in the mountains, and the handcarts had
to be gradually abandoned as the relief teams from the
Valley were met. When the company passed Florence, Neb.,
Aug. 25th, it consisted of 576 persons, 146 handcarts, 7 wagons,
etc.

December. Mon. 1. Jedediah M. Grant, second Counselor
to Pres. Brigham Young, died in Great Salt Lake City.

1857

January. Sun. 4. Daniel H. Wells was set apart a sec-
ond Counselor to Pres. Brigham Younp, in place of the late
Jedediah M. Grant.

March. The 43rd quorum of Seventy was organized in
Tooele County. Utah, with John Shields, James Bevan,
Thomas Lee, Francis D. St. Jeor, George Atkin, Hugh S.
Gowans and Geo. W. Bryan as presidents.

Mon. 2. The 41st Quorum of Seventy was organized in
Salt Lake County, Utah, with John Van Cott, Wm. C. Dun-
bar. Knud Peterson, Thomas Morris, Leonard I. Smith, Wm.
Casper and Levl N. Kendall as presidents.

Mon. 30. Judge W. W. Drummond, in framing the letter
of his resignation as chief justice of Utah, wrote the most
wicked and abominable falsehoods against Gov. Brigham
Young and the people of Utah, thereby influencing the gov-
ernment to send troops against the "Mormons."

April. Wed. 15. Feramorz Little, having arrived in the
States, with the Utah mail, wrote a letter to the "New York
Herald," refuting Drummond's falsehoods.

Sat. 25. The ship "Westmoreland" sailed from Liverpool.
England, witli 544 Saints, mostly Scandinavians, under the
direction of Mathias Cowley. It arrived at Philadelphia
May 31st, and the emigrants reached Iowa City by rail
June 9th.

May. The Tithing Office Block wall in Great Salt Lake
City was finished.

The 46th quorum of Seventy was organized at Payson
and Santaquin, Utah Co.. with James B. Bracken, John
Thomas Hardy, Benjamin F. Stewart. Wm. Carrol McClellan,
Geo. W. Hancock and Wm. B. Maxwell as presidents.

Wed. 6. The Saints who were settling Washington, in
southern Utah, were organized into a branch of the Church
with Robert D. Covington asj president. He was ordained
a Bishop Aug. 1, 1858.

Sat. 9. The 45th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Provo, with Robert T. Thomas. James Goff. Robert C. Moore,
Isaac Bullock. Lewis C. Sabrisky, Wm. Marsden and Charles
Shelton as presidents.

Wed. 13. Apostle Parley P. Pratt was murdered by Hec-
tor H. McLean, near Van Buron. Ark.

Fri. 15. The 47th quorum of Seventy was partly organized
at Ephraim, San Pete Co., Utah, with Tore Thurston, James
A. Lemmon, Joseph Clements and Nils Bengtsen as presidents.
Most of the members of the new quorum were ordained
Seventies on the 17th.

Sat. 16. The 48th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Manti, San Pete Co., with Daniel Henrie as senior president.

Mon. 18. The 49th quorum of Seventy was organized at
Nephi, Juab Co., with John A. Woolf. Samuel Pltcbforth,
Timothy S. Hoyt. Geo. Kendall. Miles Miller, John Burrow-
man and David Webb as presidents.

Tues. 19. The 50th quorum of Seventy was partly organ-
ized at Spanish Fork. Utah Co., with Dennis Dorrity as one-
of the presidents.

Wed. 20. The 51st quorum of Seventy was organized at
Springville, Utah Co.. with Alexander F. McDonald, Noah T.
Guyman, Lorenzo Johnson. Spicer W. Crandall, Abraham Day
and Hamilton H. Kerns as presidents.

Thurs. 21. The 52nd quorum of Seventy was organized at
Provo, Utah, with Alfred D. Young as senior president.
Quite a number of members were ordained on the 25th.

On the same day the 44th quorum of Seventy was organ-
ized at American Fork, Utah Co.. Utah, with Wm. Hyde,
James McGaw. Shadrach Driggs, Wm. Greenwood, James W.
Preston, Wm. Fotheringham and Thomas Taylor as presi-
dents.

Thurs. 28. The U. S. 2nd dragoons, 5th and 10th Infantry



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1317



and Phelps' Battery of the 4th artillery 2,500 men were
ordered out as an expedition to Utah, by order of Gen. Win-
Held Scott.

June. Sun. 7. The 53d and 54th quorum of Seventy were
organized at Ogden, Utah, by Joseph Young and Albert P.
Rockwood, with Rufus Allen and James Brown 3rd as senior
presidents.

Fri. 12. Senator Stephen A. Douglas, in a political speech,
delivered at Springfield, 111., characterized "Mormonism" as a
loathsome ulcer of the body politic, and recommended that
Congress should apply the knife and cut it Out.

Sun. 14. The 42nJ quorum of Seventy was organized at
Pillmore, Utah, with Hiram Mace, David N. Raney, Andrew
Love, J. W. Radford. Edward Frost, Allen Russel and John
Felshaw as presidents.

July. The 55th quorum of Seventy was organized at Kays-
ville, and the 56th quorum at Farmington. Davis Co.. Utah.

Sat. 18. The Tenth Infantry, the vanguard of the Utah
expedition, took up the line of march from Fort Leavenworth
for the West, under the command of Col. E. B. Alexander.
The artillery and Fifth Infantry followed a few days later.
The command of the whole expedition was given to Gen. W.
S. Harney.

Fri. 24. Abraham O. Smoot and Judson Stoddard arrived
from Independence. Mo., without the mails, the postmaster
there having refused to forward them. They reported that
General Harney with 2,000 infantry and a proportionate
number of artillery and cavalry, were ordered to Utah.

August. Sat. 1. The Utah militia was ordered to be kept
in readiness for an expedition to the mountains, to prevent
the entering of the approaching army, if necessary.

Fri. 7. -The first part of the "Utah Army," consisting of
the Tenth Infantry and Phelps' Battery, arrived at Fort
Kearney.

Sat. 15. Col. Robert T. Burton and James W. Cummings
left Great Salt Lake City for the East, with seventy men.
for the purpose of protecting the emigrant trains and ob-
serving the movements of the approaching army.

Fri. 21. Col. Burton's expedition arrived at Ft. Bridger:
on the 30th it reached Devil's Gate.

Fri. 28. Col. Albert Sidney Johnston was appointed suc-
cessor to Gen. W. S. Harney as commander of. the Utah.
expedition.

September. Tues. 8. Capt. Stewart Van Vliet, of Gen. Bar-
ney's staff, arrived in Great Salt Lake City and the following
day had an interview with President Young. After a few
days' stay he returned to his escort on Ham's Fork, and thence
proceeded to Washington, where he used his influence In
favor of the Saints.

Fri. 11. The Mountain Meadow massacre took place.

Sat. 12. The last of Israel Evans' handcart company,
consisting of 154 souls and 31 handcarts, arrived in Great
Salt Lake City.

C0mpany of immi S''ants arrived



Sun. 13. Chr. Christiansen's handcart company and Ma-
thias Cowley's wagon company of immigrants arrived in
Great Salt Lake City.

Mon. 14. Delegate John M. Bernhisel started from Great
Salt Lake City for Washington, D. C., In company with Capt.
Stewart Van Vliet and others.

Tues. 15. Gov. Brigham Young- declared the Territory of
Utah under martial law and forbade the troops to enter
Great Salt Lake Valley. Large numbers of armed militia
were ordered to Echo Canyon and other points to intercept
the soldiers and prevent their access to the Valley.

Thurs. 17. Col. Philip St. George Cooke left Ft. Leaven-
worth with the second division of the "Utah Army." He ar-
rived at Ft. Bridger Nov. 19th.

Tues. 22. Col. Robt. T. Burton and three other men
camped within half a mile of the "Utah Army" (Col E B
Alexander's command), near Devil's Gate.

Wed. 23. Col. Burton's men met the advance companies of
the "Utah Army." and from that time were their "immediate
neighbors" until they arrived at Ham's Fork.

Sat. 26. Capt. Wm. G. Young's train arrived in Great Salt
Lake City with the last of this season's immigration. Among
the returning Elders in this train was A. Milton Musser. who
returned home from a five years' mission to India and Eng-
land, during which he had circumnavigated the globe, travel-
ing as a missionary "without purse and script.

Tues. 29. General Daniel H. Wells left Great Salt Lake
City for Echo Canyon, where he established headquarters.
About one thousand two hundred and fifty men, from the
several militia districts, were ordered to Echo Canyon, where
they engaged in digging trenches across the canyon, throw-
ing up breastworks, loosening rocks on the heights, etc.,
preparing to resist the progress of the army.

October. -The "Mormon settlements in Carson Valley
were broken up; most of the settlers returned to Great Salt
Lake City in the beginning of November.

Mon. 5. Lot Smith, with a small company of men. sur-
prised and burned two trains of government stores, near the
Big Sandy and Green river.

Sat. 10. The officers of the Utah expedition held a council
of war at Ham's Fork, and decided that the army shoulJ
march to Great Salt Lake Valley via Soda Springs. The
following day the march was commenced, but after several
days of slow and exhaustive traveling, the expedition was
forced to return.

Fri. 16. Major Joseph Taylor and Wm. R. R. Stowell. of
the Utah militia, were taken prisoners by the U. S. troops
near Ft. Bridger.

November. Wed. 4. Col. Albert Sidney Johnston joined his
command on Ham's Fork, with a small reinforcement.

Fri. 6. Five hundred animals perished from cold and star-
vation around the U. S. army camp on Black's Fork.

Mon. 16. The "Utah Army" went into winter quarters
at Camp Scott, two miles from the site of Ft. Bridger and
115 miles from Great Salt Lake City.

December. Fri. 4. Capt. John R. Winder was appointed
to take charge of a picket guard, to be stationed at Camp
Weber, at the mouth of Echo Canyon, to watch the move-



ments of the U. S. soldiers during the winter, T.wo weeks
later, when deep snow fell in the mountains. thjsiguard was
reduced to ten men. The remainder of the militia, returned
to their homes for the winter.

Mon. 21. The Utah legislature unanimously concurred in
the message, policy and actions of Gov. Brigham, Young, in
stopping the army, etc.

1858

January. Wed. 6. A memorial from the members and
officers of the Utah legislature to the President and Congress
of the United States, praying lor constitutional rights, etc.,
was signed in Great Salt Lake City. ; .-,

Sat. 16. A large mass meeting of citizens was held in the
Tabernacle, Great Salt Lake City. A petition and resolution,
setting forth the true state of affairs in Utah, were adopted,
and, on motion, sent to the U. S. government at. Washington.

Fri. 22. The Utah legislature adjourned withouti the oc-
currence of a negative vote on any question or action during
the session.

February. Wed. 24. Col. Thomas L. Kane arrived.in Great
Salt Lake City by way of Southern California. He came vol-
untarily for the purpose of bringing about a peaceful solu-
tion of the existing difficulties between the United States and
Utah. After conferring with Gov. Brigham Young arid : other
leading citizens, he went out to the army, which was en-
camped at Ft. Scott (near Ft. Bridger). There he had, an in-
terview with the new governor, Alfred Gumming; wJio con-
cluded to accompany him to Great Salt Lake City. . '

Thurs. 25. Geo. McBride and James Miller were killed .and
five other brethren wounded by a large party of Bannock and
Shoshone Indians, near Fort Limhi, Oregon (now Idaho).

March. Sun. 21. The citizens of Great Salt Lake City and
the settlements north of it agreed to abandon their homes
and go south, all the information derived. from Eastern, pa-
pers being to the effect that the approaching formidable army
was sent to destroy them. Their destination, when starting,
was by some supposed to be Sonora.

Wed. 31. Bailey Lake, one of a small party from Salmon
river, traveling south, was killed by Indians on Bannock
creek. The Indians also robbed the company, of eleven
horses.

April. Mon. 5. Gov. Alfred Gumming and Coif Thos, L.
Kane, with a servant each, left the army at FJt.-Seqtt for/the
Valley. They arrived in Great Salt Lake City<:on,, the. 12th.
The new governor was kindly received, by Pres. Brigham
Young and other leading citizens and treated everywhere
with "respectful attention."

Mon. 19. Gov. Alfred Gumming and Col. Thos.. L. Kane
examined the Utah library, where James W, Cummings
showed them the records and seal of the U, S. District Curt,
alleged to have been destroyed by the Mormons. This, accu-
sation was one of the reasons why the army was. ordered; to
Utah. A few days later the governor sejit a truthful, report
to the government in relation to the affairs in. the Territory.

May. The citizens of Utah, living north of Utah, County,
abandoned their homes and moved southward, leaving, only
a few men In each town and settlement to Burn- everything,
in case the approaching troops, on their arrival in the Valley,
should prove hostile.

Wed. 5. The "Deseret News" having been removed from
Great Salt Lake City to Fillmore, Millard Co., the first num-
ber of the paper published at that place was issued*'

Thurs. 13. Gov. Gumming left Great Salt Lake City for
Camp Scott, for the purpose of removing his wjfe to the City.
When he returned, June 8th, he found the city deserted by
its inhabitants.

June. Mon. 7. Ex-Gov. L. W. Powell, of Kentucky, and
Major Ben McCullough, of Texas, sent as peace commissioners
by the Federal government, arrived in Great Salt tape <?ity.

Fri. 11. The peace commissioners met with Pres. Brigham
Young and others in the Council House, Great Salt Lake
City, and the difficulties between the United States and Utah
were peaceably adjusted.

Tues. 15. Commissioners Powell and McCullough. visited
Provo. The next day Mr. Powell addressed an audience of



Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 292 of 293)