Frank Ellwood Esshom.

Pioneers and prominent men of Utah online

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about four thousand persons in the Bowery, at Frqvo, Utah
Co.

Sat. 19. Col. Thos. L. Kane arrived in Washington, p. C.
Soon afterwards he reported the situation in Utah, to Pres.
Buchanan.

Sat. 26. The army, under Col. Albert Sidney, Johnston,
passed through Great Salt Lake City and caraped on the west
side of the Jordan river. It subsequently marched to Cedar
Valley, and there located Camp Floyd, about forty, miles
from the city.

July. Thura. 1. The First Presidency and a feW:Oth,er)s re-
turned to their homes in Great Salt Lake City, from, Provo.
They were followed by most of the people, who likewise re-
turned to their deserted city and settlements in the "North,
and resumed their accustomed labors.

Sat. 3. Commissioners Powell and McCullough left Great
Salt Lake City, en route for Washington, D. C.

September. Wed. 22. The "Deseret News" resumed its pub-
lication in Great Salt Lake City, after publishing twenty
numbers at Fillmore.

October. Fri. 15. The remains of Josiah Call ant|, Samuel
Brown, of Fillmore, Millard Co., were found in a state of
decomposition, near Chicken creek bridge, Juab Co. They
had been murdered by Indians, Oct. 7th.

Thurs. 28. Jacob Hamblin, with eleven men, left the set-'
tlement of Santa Clara, in southern Utah, to visit the Moquis
or Town Indians, on the east side of the Colorado riyer. This,
was the beginning of intercourse with the Indians on that
side of the Colorado and of the exploration of. tfte country,
which opened the way for colonization by the Saints,

November. Notwithstanding President Buchanan's "Proc-
lamation of Pardon," Judge Chas. E. Sinclair, in the Third
District Court, urged the prosecution of the leading "Mor-
mons" for alleged treason.



1318



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



December. Mon. 13. The Utah legislature convened in
Great Salt Lake City and adjourned to meet at Fillmore.

Sat. 18. The Utah legislature convened at Fillmore, and
organized by appointing Wilford Woodruff president of the
Council pro tern, and Aaron Johnson speaWer of the house
pro tern. It then passed a resolution to adjourn the assembly
to Great Salt Lake City.

Mon. 27. The Utah legislature convened in Great Salt Lake
City and organized by electing Daniel H. Wells, president of
the Council and John Taylor speaker of the House.

1859

January. Wed. 19. An act passed by the Utah legislature
reorganizing 1 Carson anfl Green River Counties and xttaching
St. Mary's and Humboldt Counties to Carson Cou.ity, was
approved. Genoa was made the county seat of Carson and
Ft. Bridger of Green River County.

February. The Deseret Alphabet was first introduced in
Utah.

The 58th quorum of Seventy was organized at Brigham
City, Box Elder Co., Utah. Some time previously the 56th
and 57th quorums had been organized.

Thurs. 3. The 59th quorum of Seventy w IP organized by
Joseph Young at North Willow Creek (Willai-d), Box EUer
Co., Utah, with George J. Marsh, Thomas V . Urewerton, John
M. McCrary, Richard J. Davis, Elisha V jllory, Mathew W.
Dalton and Peter Greenhalgh as presidents.

Fri 11.- The 60th quorum of Seventy \vas organized at
Ogden, Weber Co., Utah, with Luman A. Shurtliff as senior
president.

Fri. 25. The 61st quorum of Seventy was organized at Mill
Creek, Great Salt Lake Co., with John Scott, James Craigan,
Wm. Casto, James P. Park, Andrew J. Rynearson, Dudley J.
Merrill and Thurston Larson as presidents.

March. Plain City, Weber Co., Utah, was settled by Jeppe
G. Folkman, Christopher O. Folkman. Jens Peter Folkman,
Joseph Skeen, Daniel Collett, John Spiers, John Carver, Wm.
Geddes and others.

Tues. 8. Associate Justice John Cradlebaugh, in his charge
to the grand jury, composed of "Mormons," at Provo, called
them "fools," "dupes," "instruments of a tyrannical church
despotism," etc. Provo was occupied by a detachment of
U. S. troops.

Tues. 22. Howard O. Spencer, a Mormon youth, was as-
saulted and brutally beaten on the head by Sergeant Ralph
Pike, of the U. S. army, in Rush Valley, Utah.

Sun. 27. Gov. Cumming Issued a proclamation against the
presence of troops in Provo.' About this time it was reported
that certain U. S. officials had entered into a conspiracy to
secure the arrest of Pres. Brigham Young, and that Col.
Johnston had promised the assistance of U. S. troops under his
command to effect the arrest. As a consequence Gov. Cum-
ming notified General Daniel H. Wells to hold the militia In
readiness to prevent the outrage, should it be attempted;
5,000 troops (militia) were placed under arms.

April. Mon. 4. The U. S. troops evacuated Provo.

May. Tues, 10. Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston promised
protection to all persons who wished to leave the Territory
of Utah.

Thurs. 26. James Johnson, a son of Luke S. Johnson, of
Shambip County, was shot and mortally wounded by Delos
Gibson in Great Salt Lake City. Death ensued the following
day. A number of other murders, principally among bad
characters who Infested the Territory, took place about the
same time.

July. Sun. 10. Hon. Horace Greeley, editor of the "New
York Tribune," arrived at Great Salt Lake City en route for
California, >

August. Mon. 1. Wm. H. Hooper was elected Utah's sec-
ond delegate to Congress, Hon. John M. Bernhisel having
served in that capacity since the organization of the Territory.

Thurs. 11. Sergeant Ralph Pike, a U. S. soldier, was shot
in Great Salt Lake City, in supposed retaliation for having
cracked the skull of Howard O. Spencer with a musket, five
months previously.

Sat. 27. The first number of the "Mountaineer." a weekly
newspaper, was published in Great Salt Lake City; Messrs.
Blafr, Ferguson & Stout editors and proprietors.

September. Sun. 4. Capt. George Rowley's handcart com-
pany, which had left Florence, June 9th. with 235 souls, 60
handcarts, and 6 wagons, arrived in Great Salt Lake City.

Sat. 17. Alexander Carpenter was shot and mortally
wounded by Thomas H. Ferguson in Great Salt Lake City.
Both were non Mormons.

October. Mon. 10. Smithfield, Cache Co., was settled by
Seth Langton and Robert and John Thornley.

Fri. 28. Thos. H. Ferguson, the murderer, was executed in
Great Salt Lake City. This was the first execution of a crim-
inal- in Utah.

December. This year Spring City. San Pete Co., Utah, was
resettled under the name of Little Denmark.

1860

March. Thurs. 1. Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, commander
of the "Utah-Army." left Camp Floyd for Washington, D. C.
He had never visited Great Salt Lake City since he passed
through with his army on June 26. 1858. Philip St. George
Cooke, formerly commander of the Mormon Battalion, suc-
ceeded Johnston in the command.

April. 'Sat. 7. The first "Pony Express" from the \Vest
Arrived at Great Salt Lake City, having left Sacramento, Cal.,
on the evening of April 3rd.

Mon. 9. The first "Pony Express" from the East arrived at
Great Salt.Lake City, having left St. Joseph, Mo., on the even-
ing of April 3rd.

The Union Academy was opened in the building known
as the Union Hotel (afterwards Deseret Hospital), with Orson
Pratt as principal.

M;\v A large number of the troops stationed nt Camp
'Floyd. Utah, left according to orders, for New Mexico and
Arizona Territories.



July. Sun. 22. Stnithfield, Cache Co., was attacked by In-
dians. A fight ensued; John Reed and Ira Merrill and two
Indians were killed, and several others wounded on both sides.

August. Sun. 12. The Indians made an attack upon a mail
station at Egan Canyon, (Tooele Co.) and the following day
on Shell Creek Station. A company of soldiers came to the
rescue and killed 17 Indians.

Mon. 27. Capt. Daniel Robinson's handcart company (the
first of the season), consisting of 233 persons, 43 handcarts, 6
wagons, 38 oxen and 10 tents, arrived in Great Salt Lake City.
Pres. Brigham Young had sent out wagons with 2,500 Ibs. of
flour and 500 Ihs. of bacon to help the company.

Thurs. 30. Capt. J. E. Murphy's immigrant company, con-
sisting of 279 persons, 38 wagons, 164 oxen and 39 cows, ar-
rived at Great Salt Lake City, having left Florence June 19th.

September. Sat. 1. Capt. John Smith's company of immi-
grants, consisting of 359 persons and 39 wagons, arrived in
Great Salt Lake City.

Mpn. 3. Capt. James D. Ross' company of immigrants, con-
station at Egan Canyon, (Tooele Co. i and the following day-
left Florence June 17th, arrived in Great Salt Lake City.

Tues. 4. A portion of Capt. Franklin Brown's company of
immigrants arrived in Great Salt Lake City.

Fri. 14. Capt. Brigham H. Young's train of immigrants
arrived in Great Salt Lake City.

Mon, 17. Capt. John Taylor's company of immigrating
Saints arrived in Great Salt Lake City, having left Florence
July 3rd.

Mon. 24. The second handcart company of the season, un-
der Capt. Oscar O. Stoddard, arrived in Great Salt Lake City,
having left Florence July 6th, with 126 persons and 22 hand-
carts. These were the last immigrants who crossed the
plains with handcarts.

October. Fri. 5. Capt. Win. Budge's train, the last immi-
grant company of the season, arrived in Great Salt Lake
City, having left Florence July 20th, with over four hundred
persons, 55 wagons, 215 oxen and 77 cows.

1861

February. Wed. 6. By order of the commander the mili-
tary post of Camp Floyd changed name to Fort Crittenden.
Secretary of War John B. Floyd, after whom the camp origi-
nally was named, had allied himself with the South against
the Union.

March. Sat. 2. A bill, providing for the organization of
Nevada Territory out of the western portion of Utah, was
approved by President James Buchanan.

April. From the 23rd to the 31st of this month upwards of
two hundred Church wagons, with four yoke of cattle to each,
carrying 150,000 pounds of flour, left Great Salt Lake Valley
for the Missouri river to bring in the poor. They traveled in
four companies under Capts. Joseph W. Young, Ira Eldredge,
Joseph Home and John R. Mudock.

May. Fri. 17. Gov. Alfred Cumming and wife left Great
Salt Lake City, for the States.

July. The rest of the army at Camp Floyd, or Fort Crit-
tenden, was ordered to the States. In consequence of this,
government property and outfit at Camp Floyd was sold at
extraordinarily low prices. It was estimated that $4,000,000
worth of goods was sold for $100.000.

October. Thurs. 3. John W. Dawson was appointed gov-
ernor of Utah.

Sun. 6. The semi-annual conference of the Church was
commenced in Great Salt Lake City. It was continued three
days. A number of brethren were called to settle in southern
Utah and turn their special attention to the raising of cotton.

Fri. 18. The overland telegraph line was completed from
the States to Great Salt Lake City. Pres. Brigham Young
sent the first telegram, which passed over the line, to J. H.
Wade, president of the company.

Thurs. 24. The first telegram was sent from Great Salt
Lake City to San Francisco by Pres. Brigham Young.

November. Fri. 29. Apostles Geo. A. Smith and Erastus
Snow, Elder Horace S. Eldredge and others left Great Salt
Lake City for southern Utah, with a view to locating settle-
ments in the valleys of the Rio Virgen and Santa Clara for
the purpose of raising cotton.

December. Wed. 4. At a meeting of southern Utah set-
tlers who had arrived from the north, it was decided, on mo-
tion of Apostle Erastus Snow, to build a city to be called
St. George.

1862

January. Thurs. 16. Lot Huntington, an outlaw, was
killed by O. Porter Rockwell, near Ft. Crittenden, while at-
tempting to escape from the officers. On the following day,
while trying to effect their escape, John P. Smith and Moroni
Clawson, two other outlaws, were killed in Great Salt Lake
City.

Thurs. 23. The convention of delegates, chosen by the
people, adopted a State constitution for Utah and a memorial
to Congress, praying the third time for the admission of Utah
into the Union as a State with the name of Deseret. George
Q. Cannon and Wm. H. Hooper were elected delegates to pre-
sent them to Congress.

March. Thurs. 6. The Salt Lake Theater, which had been
erected the previous season, was dedicated. The building is
144 feet long and 80 feet wide.

April Tues 8. Mr. Morrill of Vermont, introduced a bill
in the U S House of Representatives, at Washington, D. C., to
punish and prevent the practice of bigamy in the Territories
of the United States. It was read twice and referred to the
committee on Territories. This bill also made it unlawful for
any religious or charitable association in any of the U. S.
Territories to own real estate worth more than $50.000.

Mon. 28. The Indians having destroyed the mail stations
between Fort Bridger and North Platte. burned the coaches
and mail bags killed the drivers and stolen the stock. Adju-
tant-General L. Thomas, at Washington, D. C., made a call
upon Pres. Brigham Young for a company of cavalry to pro-
tect the mail route.

May. Two hundred and sixty-two wagons, 293 men, 2,880



PIONEERS AND PROMINENT MEN OF UTAH



1319



oxen and 143,315 pounds of flour were sent from Utah to as-
sist the poor of the immigration across the plains and moun-
tains. They traveled in six companies under Captains Horton
D. Haight, Henry W. Miller, Homer Duncan, Joseph Home,
John R. Murdock and Ansel P. Harmon.

-Col. Patrick Edward Connor was ordered to Utah with
California volunteers. In July they took up their line of
march.

Thurs. 1 In obedience to the call of L. Thomas, a company
of cavalry, numbering about one hundred men. left Great Salt
Lake City for Independence Rock, under Capt. Lot Smith's
command.

June. Tues. 3. The anti-bigamy bill was passed by the
U. S. Senate, considerably amended. The House afterwards
concurred in the amendments.

Mon. 9. Delegate John M. Bernhisel presented the constitu-
tion of the State of Deseret, and the accompanying memorial,
In the U. S. House of Representatives. On the 10th the Vice-
President presented the same in the Senate.

Thurs. 12. An expedition, or marshal's posse, under Robert
T. Burton, left Great Salt Lake City for the purpose of arrest-
ing Joseph Morris and others, encamped on the Weber river,
a little below the mouth of the canyon.

Fri. 13. The expedition, under Capt. Robert T. Burton,
which had been joined by men from the settlements in Davis
County, arrived before Morris' Camp, on the Weber; and as
the Morrisites refused to surrender, fire was opened on the
camp, with fatal effect.

Sun. 15. Joseph Morris, John Banks, and others were
killed and the Morrisites taken prisoners.

Mon. 16. The Morrisites were brought to Great Salt Lake
City.

Wed. 18. The Morrisite prisoners were on trial in Great
Salt Lake City; some of them were fined and others ad-
mitted to bail.

July. Tues. 8. The anti-bigamy law was approved by
President Lincoln.

September. Tues. 9. Col. Patrick E. Connor arrived in
Great Salt Lake City, his company of volunteers remaining
In Ruby Valley, Nevada.

October. Prl. 17. Col. Patrick E. Connor's command of



750 California volunteers arrived at Ft. Crittenden, Cedar
Valley, and on the following day marched to the Jordan
river.

Mon. 20. Col. Patrick E. Connor arrived in Great Salt Lake
City with his command, and on the 22nd he located Camp
Douglas, about three miles east of the city.

December. Wed. 10. Gov. Harding, who proved to be a
bitter enemy to the people of Utah, delivered a very insulting
message to the territorial legislature.

1863

January. Thurs. 29. Col. Patrick E. Connor, with about
two hundred troops, defeated a band of Shoshone Indians,
numbering over four hundred, in a ravine on Beaver creek,
near Bear River, 12 miles north of Franklin. About sixteen
soldiers and some two hundred and twenty-five Indians were
killed, including the chiefs Bear Hunter and Lehi. The
savages were entirely defeated. This is known in history as
the battle of Bear river.

March. The bitter feelings existing between the troops
at Camp Douglas and the citizens of Great Salt Lake City
came near terminating in a collision.

Tues. 3. A large mass-meeting was held In the Taber-
nacle, Great Salt Lake City, at which protests were entered
against the infamous course pursued by Gov. Harding and
Associate Justices Waite and Drake. A petition, asking for
their removal, was drawn up, and subsequently was for-
warded to President Abraham Lincoln, Washington. D. C.

A Congressional act creating the territory of Idaho was
approved. A portion of northeastern Utah was included in
the new territory; later (July 25, 1868) this became a part
of Wyoming.

Wed. 4. John Taylor, Jeter Clinton and Orson Pratt, ap-
pointed in the mass meeting the day previous, waited on
Gov. Harding and Judges Drake and Waite, asking them, in
behalf of the people, to resign their official positions, which
they refused to do.

Tues. 10. Pres. Brigham Young was arrested on a charge
of bigamy, under the anti-bigamy law of 1862, brought before
Judge Kinney, and placed under $2,000 bonds.



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Online LibraryFrank Ellwood EsshomPioneers and prominent men of Utah → online text (page 293 of 293)