gade. These officers deserve promotion. Capt.
Loomis, of the First Michigan battery, handled
his battery with great success and ability. Capt.
O. F. Pinney, of the Fifteenth Wisconsin battery,
greatly distinguished himself during the close of
the action, as did the entire brigade of Colonel
Gooding, sent me from Gen. Robert B. Mitchell s
division. For a favorable mention of other offi
cers and men I refer you to reports of General
Rousseau ; also, to those of the Adjutant-Generals
of Generals Jackson and Terrell, and Col. Web
ster. To my personal staff Lieut. -Colonel J. V.
Bomford, Sixteenth United States infantry, Lieut.
Colonel E. Bassett Langdon, Inspector-General ;
Capt. J. A. Campbell, Assistant Adjutant-Gene
ral ; Capt, W r . T. Hoblitzell, Aid-de-Camp ; Lieut.
S. W. Davies, Aid-de-Camp ; Lieut. S. M. Hosea,
Aid de Camp ; Major Caleb Bates, volunteer Aid-
de-Camp ; Captain N. H. Fisher, volunteer Aid-
de-Camp ; Captain James P. Collier, volunteer
Aid-de-Camp, I return my thanks for their con
spicuous gallantry and intelligence on the field
Lieut. -Colonel Bomford was wounded twice,
while posting a regiment in line.
My orderlies, privates Isaac Bailey, Second
Indiana cavalry ; George Richardson, Thirty-
fourth Illinois infantry ; Avery Graham, Thirty-
fourth Illinois infantry ; Henry Kline, First Ohio
battery ; George P. Jcnniss, Thirty-fourth Illi
nois infantry ; Win. Edwards, Second Indiana
cavalry, and Plenry Knowles, Second Indiana
cavalry, behaved with coolness and bravery on
the field, and are recommended to their superi
ors for promotion.
To Surgeon George D. Beebe, Medical Director
of my corps, m}^ thanks are due for his good con
duct on the field, and the kind care he has taken
of the wounded. Favorable mention is also made
of Surgeons Marke, Tenth Wisconsin ; Dixon,
First Wisconsin ; Williams, One Hundred and
Twenty-first Ohio ; Wright, Seventy-ninth Penn
sylvania ; Beckwith, Thirty-fifth Indiana ; Sin-
nett, Ninety-fourth Ohio, and Fowler, ; As
sistant-Surgeons Taft, One Hundred and First
Ohio ; Devendorf, First Wisconsin ; Albright, Sev
enty-ninth Pennsylvania ; Mitchell, Tenth Wis
consin ; Reeve and Fuller, Twenty -first Wiscon
sin ; and Shannon, Second Ohio.
Major C. S. Cotter, First Ohio artillery, chief
of that arm, behaved with conspicuous gallantry
and good judgment during the entire action. He
was, unfortunate!} , taken prisoner after dark.
Captain Beverly D. Williams, Acting Quartermas
ter, was my guide during the entire day. The
battle was fought near his birthplace, and he
was of inestimable service to me. Lieut. M. P.
Gratz, and volunteer Aid Henry Duncan, of Ken
tucky, of Jackson s staff, reported to me for duty,
after the fall of their gallant General. Lieut. 0.
C. Parsons, Fourth United States artillery, also
reported to me after his battery had fallen into
the hands of the enemy. He behaved with great
bravery during the entire day. The loss of his
battery was no fault of his. He remained with
it until he was deserted by every man around
Captain William P. Anderson, Assistant Adju
tant-General to General Terrell, also reported to
me after the fall of his chief, and behaved with
coolness and bravery during the day.
My casualties were very large. The nation is
called upon to mourn the loss of such spirits as
Jackson, Terrell, Webster, Jcwett, Campbell, Ber-
ryhill, Herrell, and others, who fell upon this
bloody field. A list of killed and wounded are
herewith enclosed of Rousseau s and Jackson s
divisions. All of which is respectfully submitted.
ALEXANDER MC!)OWKLL McCooK,
Major-General Commanding First Corps Army of. the Ohio.
REPORT OF BRIGADIER-GENERAL MITCHELL.
HEADQUARTERS NINTH DIVISION OK THE ARMY OF THK OHIO,
GOODNIGHT SPRINGS, TWO i
ION OK THE ARMY OF THE OHIO, )
AND ONE HALF MILES FROM V
rviLLE, KY., October 9, 1862. )
CAPTAIN : I have the honor to submit the fol
lowing report of the part taken by the Ninth di
vision in the engagement of the seventh and eighth
instant, near Perryville, Kentucky :
Upon the arrival of my column, about two P.M.
of the seventh, at a point on the Springfield and
Perryville turnpike, about five miles from Perry
ville, I formed my brigades, under the direction
of Gen. Buell, on the right and left of the road,
with the batteries in position, and the men under
cover. The Eighth Kansas, Lieut. -Col. Martin,
and the Thirty-fifth Illinois, Lieut. -Col. Chandler,
were advanced to the front, in rear of a section of
Captain Pinney s Fifth Wisconsin battery, which,
with the cavalry advance, had come upon the
rebel outposts, and was then engaging a battery
of the enemy.
A little before sunset, these regiments were
advanced to the front of the battery, and engaged
the enemy till dark, when they fell back to their
former position. The Eighty-first Indiana, Major
Woodbury, and the Twenty-fifth Illinois, Lieut. -
Col. McClelland, were thrown out as pickets upon
the left and front.
At daylight on the morning of the eighth, I
sent forward a section of Capt. Hotchkiss s Sec
ond Minnesota battery, to relieve the section of
Capt. Pinney s battery, which, under Lieut. Hill,
had done such brilliant work the day before.
At two P.M. on the eighth, in obedience to orderr
received from Major-General Gilbert, commanding
corps, I advanced my division on the road, to a
point designated by Gen. Gilbert, when I formed
my brigades as follows : the Thirtieth brigade,
Col. Gooding, Twenty-second Indiana volunteers,
commanding, composed of the Twenty-second In-
diana volunteers, Lieut. -Col. Keith ; Fifty-ninth
Illinois volunteers, Major J. 0. Winters; Seventy-
fourth and Seventy-fifth Illinois volunteers, com
manded respectively by Lieut. -Colonel Keer and
Lieut.-Colonel Bennett ; and the Fifth Wisconsin
battery. Captain 0. F. Pinney, was formed on the
left of the road. The Thirty-first brigade, Colonel
Carl in, Thirty-eighth Illinois volunteers, com
manding, composed of the Twenty-first and Thir
ty-eighth Illinois volunteers, commanded respect
ively by Col. Alexander and Major Gilmer ; the
Fifteenth Wisconsin volunteers, Colonel Ileg ; the
One Hundred and First Ohio volunteers, Colonel
Stem ; and two sections of Captain Hotchkiss s
Second Minnesota battery, commanded by Lieut.
Dawley, (Capt. llotchkiss, with one section, being-
engaged with General McCook, on the left,) I
formed on the right of the road, on a wooded em
inence, the men under cover. This brigade was
in the rear, and within supporting distance of
Gen. Sheridan s division, which was then engag
ing the enemy in front.
The Thirty-second brigade, Colonel Caldwell,
Eighty-first Indiana volunteers, commanding, was
formed in the rear of the Thirty-first brigade.
Col. Caldwell s brigade comprised the following
regiments and battery : Twenty-fifth and Thirty-
fifth Illinois volunteers, commanded by Lieuten
ant-Cols. McClelland and Chandler ; the Eighth
Kansas, Lieut. -Col. Martin ; the Eighty-first Indi
ana, commanded by Lieut.-Colonel Timberlake ;
Capt. Carpenter s Eighth Wisconsin battery.
Almost immediately upon the formation of my
lines, as mentioned, the enemy appeared, advanc
ing in force on the right of Col. Carlin s line, with
the evident intention of charging upon his battery,
which was upon his extreme right. I directed
him to open fire upon them as soon as he could
do so effectively ; but they retired under cover at
the advance of Col. Carlin s skirmishers.
At this time I received a message from Gen.
Sheridan, stating that he was hardbf pressed on
his right and front, and needed reinforcements.
I ordered Colonel Carlin to advance with his
brigade rapidly to Gen. Sheridan s right, and aid
Col. Carlin immediately advanced, leading his
brigade through a skirt of timber to the open
fields on the right, and, upon ascending the brow
of the hill, discovered the enemy rapidly advanc
ing in great force upon General Sheridan s right.
Col. Carlin immediately formed his brigade, and,
at the double-quick, charged upon the enemy,
who, after a moment s stand, gave way to the
impetuosity of the charge ; and, breaking in dis
order, ran precipitately to and through the town
of Perryville a distance of nearly two miles
Colonel Carlin pressing them closely till they
reached the bluft s on the other side, and formed
under the protection of two batteries, which were
in position there
The gallant Carlin charged with his brigade
through the enemy s lines, completely piercing
their centre ; but, finding his ardor had outstrip
ped all support, and having the enemy s artillery
and infantry on both flanks, he fell back, during
the confusion of the enemy, to a position imme
diately adjoining the town, and, placing his bat
tery in position on the west side of the town, the
rebel batteries and our own firing directly over
it, till darkness made further action impossible.
This charge gave the officers and men of the
Thirty-first brigade a splendid opportunity to
evince the intrepid, gallant, and soldierly quali
ties which the occasion showed they possessed.
The manner in which they stood the subsequent
severe artillery-fire was worthy of high praise.
In Col. Carlin s advance the Thirty-eighth Illi
nois volunteers overtook and captured, on the
edge of the town, a heavily loaded ammunition-
train of fifteen wagons, two caissons, with their
horses, belonging to the "Washington Light
Artillery," and the train-guard of one hundred
and thirty-eight men with three officers. Major
Gilmer, Thirty-eighth Illinois, deserves great cre
dit for the skill and activity he displayed in this
The Thirty-second brigade, Colonel Caldwell,
was advanced at different times to the positions
evacuated by Col. Carlin. The officers and men
of this brigade did not have the opportunity to
gratify that desire for a chance at the enemy that
their looks, language, and actions showed* they
At the time Colonel Carlin s brigade advanced,
Col. Gooding s (Thirtieth) brigade was ordered by
Gen. Gilbert to advance to the aid of General Mc
Cook, upon whom the enemy had massed a large
force, with the evident intention of turning his
Col. Gooding proceeded with his brigade to the
left, and, under Gen. McCook s direction, formed
upon his left, and there remained, with some
slight variations of the position of his regiments,
till dark, receiving a most deadly fire from the
enemy, who were possessed of great advantages
The appearance of the field the next day
showed, however, that the brave heroes of Pea
Ridge (the Twenty-second Indiana and the Fifty-
ninth Illinois volunteers) had returned the tire
with terrible effect, and had added new and
bright laurels to their former fame.
The Seventy-fifth Illinois volunteers, under
Lieut. -Colonel Bennett, were upon this line, and
having a reputation to gain as soldiers, nobly did
the work before them. Their loss was heavy,
including Major Kilgore wounded severely.
Col. Gooding, during the temporary confusion
produced by a heavy Hank-fire of the concealed
enemy, became involved in the enemy s lines, was.
slightly wounded and taken prisoner. By his
address and cool bravery, however, he succeeded
in deceiving the commander of the rebel forces
till his brigade had withdrawn to a position where
they were less exposed to cross-fires.
Lieut. -Col. Keith, Twenty -second Indiana vol
unteers, and Lieut. West, Acting Assistant Ad
jutant-General of the Thirtieth brigade, both fell
here. The former was killed, the latter severely
wounded. Both were gallant officers, and fell
while discharging their duties.
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
Captain Pinney s Fifth Wisconsin battery was
placed in position, under the orders of Gen. Mc-
Cook, and for nearly three hours, almost unsup
ported, defended itself against the terrible num
bers and charges of the enemy, piling the ground
in front of his guns with their slain.
Gooding s brigade continued in position till
darkness rendered their position (the enemy being
concealed) much too exposed ; they withdrew to
their position on the road, fatigued, terribly de
pleted in numbers, mourning the loss of so many
brave comrades, but still preserving their organ
ization intact, and anxious for the next daj r s op
portunity to go again into the fight.
Cod. Gooding s brigade operated more directly
under the command of Gen. McCook, and, I pre
sume, his report will contain a more detailed ac
count of its position and operations.
The casualties in my command were as follows :
Thirtieth brigade: killed, 121; wounded, 314;
prisoners, 35 ; missing, 29 ; total, 499. Thirty-
first brigade: wounded, 10. Thirty-second bri
gade : killed, wounded, etc., none ; grand total,
I have already spoken of the gallant conduct
and skilful management of Col. Carlin, command
ing the Thirty-first brigade, but cannot refrain
from again calling your attention to the eminent
services and brave actions of this modest and effi
cient officer in this engagement. By his courage
and skill the enemy s centre, a strong position,
was broken and the rebels thrown into confusion.
Col. Good ing did his whole duty as the com
mander of one of the very best brigades in the
service of the Government, and Indiana may feel
proud of his conduct in the bloody conflict.
I cannot refrain from expressing my gratitude
to my staff, including Lieut. Pratt, A.A.A.G.,
Lieut. Lines, A.D.C., Lieut. Rankin, of the Sec
ond Kansas regiment ; Lieut. Andrews, of the
Forty-second Illinois volunteers, and Lieutenant
Wood, of the Signal Corps, for the able, gallant,
and heroic manner in which they discharged
their respective duties during the engagement,
always ready and willing to take any risk or
make any sacrifice for the good of their country s
Surgeon Hazlet, of the Fifty-ninth Illinois ;
Lieut. -Col. Keith, Twenty-second Indiana; Lieut.
Johnson, Fifty-eighth Illinois ; Lieut. Tolbert,
Lieut. Ridler, and Captain R. K. Smith, of the
Twenty-second Indiana ; Lieut. Blean and Lieut.
Eels, of the Seventy-fifth Illinois, died gallantly
defending the honor of their country s flag.
On the morning of the ninth, a force of rebel
cavalry was seen winding from the enemy s left,
and evidently proceeding toward the Harrods-
burgh turnpike. I directed Hotchkiss s battery
to fire upon them, which was done with good ef
fect, the enemy rapidly retreating.
I then advanced with my division to this point,
seeing on every side indications of the enemy s
precipitate retreat. I discovered about one thou
sand five hundred small arms, which I have
turned over to Lieut. Horton, ordnance-officer,
staff of Major-General Gilbert.
I am, Captain, very respectfully, your obedient
servant, ROBERT B. MITCHELL,
Captain J. E. STACY, A.A.G.
REPORT OF MAJOR-GENERAL GILBERT.
HEADQUARTERS THIRD CORPS ARMY OF THE OHIO, /
NEAR CRAB ORCHARD, KY., Oct. 13. f
Col. James B. Fry, Chief of Staff, Headquarters
Army of the Ohio :
SIR : Herewith I respectfully submit a report
of the operations of the Third corps, pertaining
to the conflict which took place near Perryville,
Ky., on the eighth of this month.
On the seventh instant the Third corps moved
along the turnpike from Springfield toward Per-
ryville. On approaching within five miles of the
latter place it became apparent that the enemy
were there in force. The head of the column was
at once halted, and the leading division (Mit
chell s) was drawn up in line of battle across the
road. The Eleventh division (Sheridan s) was
shortly after brought up and passed to the front,
and established on some heights to the right of
the road, and not far from Doctor s Creek. The
First division (SchoepfTs) was established in re
serve. By the time these dispositions were ef
fected it was dark.
During the night I dire cted Gen. Sheridan to
pass Doctor s Creek, take up a position, and hold
it, as that stream contained the nearest water in
sufficient quantity for my command. This move
ment brought McCook s brigade of Sheridan s
division to within two and a half miles of the
place, and early in the morning the enemy testi
fied his dissatisfaction at our presence there by
an attempt to dislodge the brigade. But he was
repulsed handsomely. Toward the middle of the
day the indications pointed toward a general en
gagement, and I ordered Gen. Mitchell to estab
lish himself on the right of Sheridan, and directed
both commanders to call up their respective com
mands and establish them on the heights be
tween Doctor s Creek and Perry ville. When on
that line, Sheridan s left rested on the road, and
Mitchell s right stretched off toward the Lebanon
and Perryville turnpike, on which Crittenden s
corps was hourly expected. Schoepff s division
was moved along the road to the crossing of
Doctor s Creek, where the leading brigade was
Pending these movements the arrival of the
First corps Major-General McCook s was an
nounced on my left, and the sound of artillery
indicated that its appearance had attracted the
serious attention of the enemy. I also received
an officer from Major-Gen. Crittcnden, who had
been despatched to seek out my lines, that he
might make the junction with me. I gave him
the position, and being near the General s head
quarters, I repaired to them, and made a report
in person of the disposition of my forces and of
the operations of the day, and then returned to
my headquarters near the crossing of Doctor s
Creek. On my way thither I was met by a mes
senger from Major-General McCook, to the effect
that his corps was upon the point of being com-
promised, the enemy having attacked him in
overwhelming numbers. About the same time I
received from Gen. Sheridan warning that he
could not hold his position if not supported with
reinforcements immediately, and confirming the
unfavorable intelligence respecting the First corps.
I at once ordered Schocpff s to close more to the
left to support Sheridan, and also to cover the
movement of the First corps, which was gradual
ly swinging around toward our rear, under the
strong pressure brought to bear upon it. To
support Sheridan s right, I ordered Mitchell to
close in to the left and cooperate closely with
These orders given, I continued on toward the
left, and was shortly met by Capt. Hoblitzell
with an urgent demand for support for the First
corps. He was furnished with a brigade and a
battery from Mitchell s division, though at the
time my own lines were assailed in the most
lively and vigorous manner. Shortly after Major
Wright brought an order to send two brigades
from Schocpff s division to support the First
corps ; but as one brigade had already gone, and
my own lines were undergoing a dangerous as
sault, I despatched only one of Schoepff s bri
gades. That moved toward the right of the First
corps. The enemy s columns, as they followed
up their success, came now to present their left
flank to Sheridan s batteries, and he at once
turned his guns upon them, and disposed his in
fantry to demand their further attention, if they
should presume to continue their progress. This,
with the movement of the brigade from Schoepff s
division, brought to a stand the left of the ene
my s attack. At the same time, Mitchell threw
forward his right upon the repulsed and broken
lines, which had attacked Sheridan and himself,
and with gallant Carlin in the lead, drove them
beyond Perryville, and occupied the town with
his skirmishers. Sheridan could not venture to
join in following up the successful repulse of the
enemy from his front, as his entire attention was
directed to the columns then threatening to con
tinue their progress toward my left and rear. It
was about one hour before sunset that the enemy
was repulsed from the front of my lines.
In disposing my troops for battle, I had the
timely advice of the Major-General Commanding,
whose presence in the midst of my corps inspired
all, from the highest to the lowest, with complete
The Third corps presented itself on the field
in an orderly and compact style ; and I am in
debted to Captain 0. L. Baldwin, of the Sec
ond Kentucky volunteers, Assistant Inspector-
General, for his energy in clearing the roads of
the wagons, which, on the seventh, had, under
some mistake, become involved among the troops,
and lined the road all the way back to Lick Creek,
and were materially impeding the progress of the
troops, especially the artillery.
The other members of my staff, (Capt. J. Ed
ward Stacy, A.A.A.G.,) my two Aids-de-Camp,
(Lieut. George K. Speed and Lieut. John Speed,)
VOL. V. Doc. 33
and Capt. George S. Roper, C.S., were active and
efficient in transmitting my orders.
Surgeon George R. Weeks was active and rea
dy in the duties pertaining to his office as Medi
The officers of the signal corps rendered ready
and useful service all day on the seventh and
Brig. -Gen. Mitchell this day sustained fully the
reputation which he won at an early period of
this war for energy and daring.
Brig.-Gen. Sheridan I commend to notice as an
officer of much gallantry, and of high professional
ability. He held the key of our position with tena
city, and used the point to its utmost advantage.
Col. McCook, of the Fifty-second Ohio volun
teers, was at this point, and I can bear testimony
to the fine discipline and excellent fighting quali
ties of his brigade.
Col. Carlin, of Mitchell s division, is spoken of
in terms of high praise, which I can most safely
Inspector-General Gay, in charge of the caval
ry in my front, was active and highly efficient.
His thorough professional training gave me con
fidence in all of his reports, and enabled me to
prepare in time, and at a proper distance, for a
more cautious and methodical advance upon the
point at which the enemy had taken up his posi
I feel it my duty to report Col. George Ryon,
of the Seventy-fifth Illinois volunteers. lie de
ferred reporting his regiment deficient in ammu
nition until the division to which he belonged
was on the point of going into battle. He was
arrested on the spot. Thanks to the efficiency
of my ordnance-officer, Lieut. Ben. J. Horton, of
the Twenty-fourth Ohio volunteers, the regiment
was supplied and was put in position, with full
cartridge-boxes, before the fight became general.
During the night my dispositions were com
pleted for the general attack ordered at daylight,
but the withdrawal of the enemy in the mean
time brought to a termination the encounter be
gun on the previous day.
Of the two brigades sent to reenforce the First
corps, Gen. McCook, I presume, will make a re
port. The Thirtieth brigade lost more than the
Third. It was sent toward the left when ^ the
battle was raging the most furiously. The Fifth
brigade was sent toward the right of the First
corps, and had the close support of Sheridan s
left and the remaining brigade of Schoepff s divi
sion, still held in reserve.
The casualties of the Third corps, as far as as
certained at this date, are as follows :
NINTH DIVISION: Killed, 121; wounded, 824;
prisoners, 85; missing, 29; total, 509.
ELEVENTH DIVISION* : Killed, 44 ; wounded,
274 ; missing, 12 ; total, 330.
FIRST DIVISION: Killed, none; wounded, 7;
prisoners, 9; total, 10.
Very respectfully your obed t servant,
C. C. GJLBEKT,
Bri.-Gencral Volunteers, Commanding Third Ccrp*
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
REPORT FROM THE TENTH DIVISION.
HEADQUARTERS TENTH DIVISION, |
FIRST CORPS ARMY OF THK OHIO, >
IN CAMP NEAR CRAB ORCHARD, KY., Oct. 15, 1SG 2. )
Captain J. A. Campbell, A. A. A. G., First Army
I have the honor to submit the following re
port of the part taken by this division in the
action near Perry ville, on Chaplin Heights, on
the eighth instant :
At five A.M. the division, under the command
of Brig. -General J. S. Jackson, consisting of the
Thirty-third brigade, Brig. -Gen. William R. Ter
105th Ohio, Col. Hall 645
80th Illinois, Col. Allen, 659
123d Illinois, Col. Monroe, 772
Detachments, Col. Garrard, 194
LHit Battery, Lieut. -Col. Parsons, .... 136
And the Thirty-fourth brigade, Colonel
George Webster, commanding :
93th Ohio, Lieut-Col. Poorman, 822
121st Ohio, Col. W. P. Reid, 814
50th Ohio, Col. J. R. Taylor, 655
80th Ohio, Lieut-Col. Brooks, 738
19th Ind. Battery, Capt. S. J. Harris,. 142
left Maxville, on the road to Perryville, distant |