came to me and said the officers were now unani
mous in their recommendation for surrender, and
I asked an interview with Col. Woodward, which
resulted in our capitulation.
The question for my consideration was a sim
ple one. On the one hand I had the strongest
possible motives for desiring to make a desperate
resistance; on the other hand, my conviction
that \ve could not hold the building against an
artillery attack, and that we could not stand a
siege I knew, for we had not sufficient supplies
of either water or food. My men out of camp
were all prisoners, and I could sec nothing for it
but surrender, either before the fighting or after.
1 had needlessly, and against my own judgment,
sacrificed the lives of my men. My duty, I
thought then, and I think so now, was plain ; and
terrible as have been the results to myself, I am
sure that my conscience could again, under like
circumstances, demand a similar action. I knew,
as the Louisville Democrat suggests, that I had
an opportunity to retrieve my good name, but I
have never permitted a selfish consideration to
nfluencc my conduct on a matter of public duty ;
and as God is my helper, I trust I never may.
Elad I for such motives sacrificed the lives of my
arave men uselessly, I should have received, as I
ivould have deserved, the execrations of the very
lien who now, for other reasons, traduce me, and
. should not have been sustained by the voice of
ny own conscience.
The telegraph says I am to be dismissed from
he service. Should this even be so, 1 am ready
o meet even that. I can at least then, if dis-
;harged from my parole, reenter the service, as
>n the day after the President s proclamation I
irst entered it, as a private soldier, and I shall
hen ask all those now censuring me to go with
ne, and let us see which can look death most
almly.in the face. If then, responsible for my
wn life only, I falter, let them indeed call me a
oward. Ik MASON.
STATEMENT OP COMPANY OFFICERS.
The undersigned, commissioned officers of the
..ne, who were at Clarksville, Tenn., on duty at
:ie time of the surrender, have read with deep
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
regret a telegraphic despatch, purporting to come
from Russellville, and comments thereon, givin
a basely false report of the action. To the ends
of obtaining simple justice, we submit a faithful
statement of the facts.
About ten days after the battle of Shiloh, our
regiment was sent from thence to garrison and
hold Fort Donelson and Clarksville. Four com
panies were stationed at the former place, under
Lieut. -Col. Andrews, the other six at Clarksville,
under Colonel Mason. We had lost one hundred
and thirty-seven men in the battle at Shiloh, out
of five hundred and ten balance of regiment
being sick in hospital at the time. We were di
vided to garrison the above places.
After sending back to Ohio the sick, we did
not, all told, number three hundred men fit for
duty ; still both places have been held for more
than three months. Our number for duty has
never, at Clarksville, numbered two hundred.
Col. Mason constantly called on superior officers
for reinforcements and for artillery, but because
of supposed greater necessity at other places,
neither were sent.
Rumors of designed attacks upon us were re
ceived for several days, and, by Colonel Mason s
order, several temporary rifle-pits were construct
ed. A few days before the attack, Lieut-Colonel
Andrews came up from Donelson, (forty-five miles
distant,) and Major Hart was sent to take his place
at the Fort. On the morning of the attack, Col.
Mason was near the river, attending to the duties
of the post, and upon hearing of the enemy s ap
proach, made his way to the camp.
Upon the approach of the enemy Lieut-Colonel
Andrews immediately placed all men in camp in
line of battle. Detachments had been sent to
guard steamers with Government stores on the
way to Nashville, others on telegraph-line, and
still others to guard Government stores on the
landings, so that at the time not more than one
hundred and twenty-five men were in line. As
Colonel Andrews was preparing to open fire upon
the enemy, Col. Mason had, by a circuitous route
and rapid movement, reached the camp. At that
moment a flag of truce approached from the ene
my. Of course all movements were halted, and
the messenger was sent to Colonel Mason. He
immediately summoned us to his quarters in
The messenger stated he was sent to demand
a surrender, with the condition that private pro
perty should be respected, and the force allowed
to retain its colors. The true condition of affairs
was, for a moment, canvassed. It was certain
that a force of from eight hundred to a thousand
was drawn up before us, supported by two bat
teries of artillery the messenger said a greater
number. Col. Woodward commanding, conjoint
ly with Colonel A. R. Johnson, the enem} r , was
called, and Lieut.-Col. Andrews asked to be per
mitted to pass along the enemy s lines to ascer
tain the true number ; after some parleying the
request was granted.
He returned and reported that, as near as he
:ould ascertain, about four hundred cavalrymen
were drawn in line some four hundred yards dis
tant ; one company armed with new sixteoa-
shooter rifles, one company with carbines and
sabres, balance with double-barrel shot-guns ; at
the left and rear were drawn up about one hun
dred infantry ; at other points of street-crossings
were stationed probably two hundred men. Be
sides these, about one hundred and fifty cavalry
had dashed through the city to the landing.
This was Col. Andrews s report. But several
others had reconnoitred, and discovered two bat
teries of artillery planted within five hundred
yards of us the people, six or seven thousand in
number and containing at least one thousand
fighting men, were rising and turning out armed
there were but five or six Union families in the
We had not the sign of artillery but a little
bell-muzzled piece Col. Andrews had patched up
at Donelson and brought along a grapeshot
could not be put in its chamber ; we have no
ammunition for that ! Under these circumstances
we thought it madness to hold out, and we unani
mously advised Colonel Mason to surrender.
N. J. HARTER, First Lieutenant, company I,
ISAAC MASON, Second Lieutenant, company C.
IRA L. MORRIS, First Lieutenant, company C.
SMITH H. CLARK, Captain, company D.
J. R. WOODWARD, Captain, company C.
T. W. BOWEN, Captain, company K.
C. H. KRAUM, Captain, company F,
SOL. J. HOUCK, Captain, company I,
TIIOS. T. MOORE, Adjutant.
WM. H. CALLENDER, Captain, company E.
H. M. DRURY, Lieutenant, company D.
L. W. BEANAR, Lieutenant, company F
THE FIGHT AT GALLATIN, TENN.
BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHNSON S REPORT.
HARTSVILLE, TENN., August 22, 1862.
Colonel J. R Fry, A.A.G., Chief of Staff,
Huntsmlle, Aid. :
I HAVE the honor to report that on the eleventh
instant, I left McMinnville, Tenn., in command
of three regiments of infantry, one battery of ar
tillery, and six hundred and forty cavalry, taken
from the Second Indiana, Lieut.-Col. Stewart ;
Fourth Kentuck} 1 -, Captain Chillson ; Fifth Ken
tucky, Major Winfrey, and Seventh Pennsylvania,
" olonel Wynkoop. With this force I marched to
Smithfield, where I was joined by two additional
regiments of infantry. With this command I
proceeded to Liberty. Here I received an order
recalling my infantry and artillery, and I sent
them back to McMinnville.
Hearing that the enemy, under Col. Morgan,
was encamped in an old field in the angle formed
by the Cumberland and Craney Fork, with my
cavalry I marched to the point designated, and
found that I had been incorrectly informed, but
was here told that the force had left for Ken
tacky. I determined to return to Liberty, thenc
to Cooksville, and await their return.
On my arrival at Cooksville, I received reliabl
information to the effect that the enemy was en
camped in or near Hartsville, and I took up th
march for that place, but, on reaching it, foun<
that he had left the evening before, going in th
direction of Gallatin. I took possession of hi
old camp, captured several prisoners, a numbe
of wagons, mules, horses, etc., which had been
taken from Colonel Boone s command.
At this place I heard of the approach of For
rest in my rear, and decided upon uniting my
force to the one in Gallatin, for the purpose ol
resisting an attack from the combined forces oi
Forrest and Morgan, but, on my approach, t
Gallatin, I found that it was in possession of
Morgan s forces, which I was satisfied did no
exceed eight hundred men.
I immediately ordered an attack. Lieut. -Col
Stewart and Major Winfrey, gallantly leading th<
charge of their respective regiments, threw their
whole strength against the enemy with terribl
effect. Col. Wynkoop and Captain Chillson also
brought their commands handsomely into action
and for some time the conflict seemed to progress
finely for us.
Soon some horses were wounded, riders killed,
and confusion began to appear. Regimental and
company organizations were lost, and, withoul
any apparent cause, at least half of my command
precipitately fled, throwing away their arms, etc.
Many of the men, after getting a thousand yards
from the enemy, wildly discharged their revolvers
in the air. I sent back a staff-officer to rally
them, but they could not be induced to reappear
on the field.
Seeing my advance wavering, I ordered a re
treat and tried to rally them behind a hedge and
fence, but as soon as the firing became general
the whole line gave way. I tried to get them to
stand at several different points, with the same
result. Finally, seeing that I could get them to
fight no longer, I ordered a retreat, and marched
to the rear about three miles, and undertook to
re-form them. While re-forming, seeing that I
was not pursued, I sent in a flag of truce and
asked that I might be allowed to bury the dead,
but was informed that the dead were being buried,
and I was requested to surrender, men and offi
cers being promised their paroles. This request
Being well satisfied that my men would stand
no longer, I took up the line of march for Cairo,
on the Cumberland, hoping to be able to take a
strong position on the river and hold it; but, my
rear being hotly pressed, I formed line of battle
with the Second Indiana and Fifth Kentucky, and
made my arrangements to fight on foot. Soon
the firing became brisk > and my line of battle
broke and the men fled in every direction, leaving
only about seventy-five on the ground. Seeing
Lieut. -Col. Stewart and Major Winfrey, I asked
them if they thought it possible for them to rally
their men, and they replied that they could not,
and that a surrender of the few left was all that
could be done. Lieut. -Colonel Stewart made his
escape. With the few left I remained and held
the enemy in check long enough to enable the
greater portion of my command to ford the river,
but finally, being completely surrounded by
overwhelming numbers, I was compelled to sur
I regret to report that the conduct of the offi
cers and men, as a general thing, was shameful
in the lowest degree, and the greater portion of
those who escaped will remember that they did
so by shamefully abandoning their General on
the battle-field, while, if they had remained like
true and brave men, the result of this conflict
would have been quite different.
I turn from the mortifying recollection of their
action to mention the names of those whose
conduct was meritorious in the highest degree.
My Assistant Adjutant-General, Captain W. C.
Turner, exhibited the same cool courage which
characterized his conduct on the field of Shiloh.
Lieut. Hill, Second Indiana cavalry, and acting
aid-de-camp, was of great service to me, and
proved himself a man of courage. Adjt. Wyn-
koop, when his regiment became disorganized,
joined me, and his gallantry and courage were
conspicuous. He was killed at my side, assist
ing me to rally the troops.
Lieut. -Col. Stewart, commanding the Second
Indiana, was foremost in the charge, and exhibit
ed great coolness and courage. Captain Leabo,
Second Indiana, had command of four companies
of his regiment and handled them well, but was
caken prisoner early in the action. Capt. Starr,
with his company, (C,) did good execution.
Major Winfrey, Captain Duncan and his com
pany, Lieuts. Campbell and Cheeck, Capt. Carter
and his company, all of the Fifth Kentucky, be-
laved well and managed their troops with skill,
and proved themselves gallant men.
My loss was thirty killed, fifty wounded, and
seventy-five taken prisoners.
About two hundred horses were killed or dis
abled in this action.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
II. W. JOHNSON*,
MAJOR WINFREY S REPORT.
LOUISVILLE, KT., September 8, 1862.
MESSRS. EDITORS : Not having an opportunity of
eporting to General Johnson, in writing, the part
he regiment I had the honor to command took
n the battle at Gallatin, Tenn., between the for
es of Col. Morgan and Gen. Johnson, before his
fficial report, I desire, through your columns, to
lake a plain statement of the fight and the con-
uct of each regiment, so far as necessary to ex-
lain that of my regiment. On the morning of
he twenty-first of August, we ascertained that
"olonel Morgan, with his brigade, was Stationed
i or near Gallatin, numbering between one thou-
and one hundred and one thousand five hundred.
icn, and having, a-s I understood, been ordered
y General Nelson to attack wherever we found
hn, regardless of numbers, and believing the ad-
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
vantage we would have in making the charge
would equal the number that Morgan s forces ex
ceeded ours, we charged upon the enemy with all
the force we had, not leaving any behind as a re
serve. The Second Indiana and Seventh Penn
sylvania attacked the forces upon the right and
centre, and the regiment I commanded upon the
left, by marching within less than forty yards of
the enemy, the length of my regiment in columns
of fours, wheeling them in line of battle and firing
upon the enemy before they did upon us ; but the
fire was immediately returned, and in this posi
tion the fight lasted some time say one hour
during which time the men and officers of my re
giment maintained their position and fought with
determined bravery and such terrible effect as
compelled them to waver and fall back over one
hundred and fifty yards. I then thought the day
was ours, and such a shout as went up from the
Fifth Kentucky was sufficient to have scared
Morgan s men half to death ; and at this moment,
and while consulting some of my officers as to
the best mode of charging them with the sabre
and pressing the advantage we had gained, my
Adjutant galloped up to my side and informed
me that our right wing and centre were giving
way. I immediately turned my attention in that
direction for the first time since the fight com
menced, and saw that they were falling back, at
least a great portion of them, in great confusion.
I immediately ordered my Adjutant to ascertain
whether they were falling back by order of the
General or not, and was soon informed that it
was positively against his orders, and being un
able to charge upon the division which had en
gaged my regiment and fallen back, on account
of two strong fences intervening, one on each side
of the pike, dividing us, I determined to take my
forces to the support of the centre, but before
reaching that point the confusion had become so
general as to prevent my plan from having the
expected effect, and in the confusion the fight, at
least firing, lasted say three quarters of an hour,
and until we were all ordered by the General to
fall back, with, doubtless, the intention of form
ing in a new position and giving the influence of
the panic time to cease. We had gone, however,
but a short distance when we were ordered, by
General Johnson, to form on the right of the road,
behind a fence at this point. I succeeded, with
out difficulty, in forming the greater portion of
my regiment, and, as I then thought, all of them
in line of battle behind the fence. After remain
ing in this position some fifteen minutes, the
General told me to bring my regiment on, and
we would fall back upon those d d cowards
that had run off and left us. I did as directed,
and to my great surprise, found between twenty-
five and forty of my men who had concluded that
discretion was the better part of valor. All of
our forces were then marched to the cross-roads,
some three miles from our original position.
There we remained say between one and two
hours during which time I had each company
formed in line, and roll called, to ascertain the
missing, and amount of ammunition, which I or
dered to be equally divided between the men of
each company. I also talked a short time to
each company, telling them that they had, in the
general, fought well, and that I was well pleased
with their conduct ; told them we would soqn be
attacked and compelled to fight again, and urged
them to stand and fight like men and soldiers,
They promised to do so. In a few minutes the
entire command started in the direction of the
river, taking a dirt road that left the pike at right
angles and led to Cairo, my regiment being in the
rear. We had marched but a short distance until
we discovered the enemy in two divisions, one
moving upon us in the rear, and the other upon
our right flank. I immediately sent my Adjutant
to the General and informed him of the fact. Ho
ordered me to place a good officer in the rear of
my regiment, and fight as they approached. This
order I obeyed by placing Captain Duncan in the
rear, instructing him as directed by the General.
But a few minutes elapsed until they commenced
firing upon my rear and right flank at the same
time. At this juncture, no one could describe
my feelings, believing, as I did, that my regiment,
and particularly Capt. Duncan and his compan} r ,
would be cut to pieces without any probable-
means of escape. I again sent a courier to the
General, informing him of my condition, and tell
ing him to immediately halt the column and fight
them, or my regiment would be cut to pieces.
A portion of the forces of the Second Indiana and
Fifth Kentucky were thrown in line of battle on
the left of the road to await the approach of the
enemy, the residue being panic-stricken and fly
ing through the woods like the d 1 was after
them, heeding not our appeals to remain with us,
share our fate, and die like soldiers, if necessary ;
but onward they went, and in a few moments
we were again in the midst of battle, the woods
swarming with the pursuing enemy upon almost
every side. Their fire was returned by the gal
lant band of Indianians and Kentuckians who re
mained to give them battle the second time, and
hold the enemy in check, to enable those men to
make their escape who had abandoned them in
this their most trying hour. This second fight
lasted about twenty minutes, and until General
Johnson, his Adjutant, myself, and this gallant
band were completely surrounded and compelled
Our forces engaged in the fight numbered less
than six hundred theirs, over nine hundred.
I do not mean to be understood in saying the
centre and right wing fell back, that they acted,
cowardly far from it ; but suppose they did so
because they were greatly outnumbered, and
compelled to do so. Without particularizing, I
must, in justice and truth, say that the officers
and men under my command, until the panic,
caused as already explained, occuried, fought
like true, brave, and gallant soldiers, and for
their conduct deserve the highest praise.
Our casualties were as follows : Twelfth, one
killed ; Eighth, one wounded, and thirty-five
prisoners ; Fifth, one killed, and Gen. Johnson
All who witnessed that battle will accord to
Gen. Johnson the highest praise for his courage,
skill, and gallantry throughout the engagement.
Thus it will be seen, upon a plain statement
of the facts of the battle, that the regiment I com
manded did their duty, and whipped the enemy
they fought, although greatly outnumbering us ;
that the panic that caused confusion in my regi
ment originated elsewhere, and that the men who
remained and fought in the second engagement
were nearly all of my regiment.
Colonel Morgan treated all the prisoners well,
for which I am, as a gentleman, compelled to
give him credit. Respectfully,
T. C. WINFREY,
Major Fifth Kentucky Cavalry.
REPORT OF THE GUERRILLA MORGAN.
HEADQUARTERS MORGAN S REGIMENT, HARTSVILLE, I
August 22, 1862. f
To Gen. Cooper, Adjutant-General, Richmond:
GENERAL : I beg to confirm my despatch of the
twentieth instant, announcing the result of yes
terday s expedition.
My command, consisting of my own regiment,
seven hundred strong, and a squadron of Texas
Rangers, numbering one hundred men, returned
that day, worn out, to Gallatin.
At eleven P.M. I received information from one
of my friendly scouts that the enemy s cavalry
were encamped on the road-side between Casti-
lian Springs and Hartsville, a distance of only
twelve miles from my camp.
Judging from the feet that they had halted by
the road-side, I concluded that they intended to
march at night and attack early in the morning,
and I made my preparations accordingly, de
spatching scouts upon whom I could depend to
bring me positive information as to the enemy s
At daybreak my column was on the move, and
as the advanced guard reached the head of the
town my pickets came galloping in, followed by
my principal scout, who reported that he was
closely pursued by a large body of cavalry.
Not wishing, on account of the inhabitants, to
make Gallatin the scene of our contest, I ad
vanced my column, and was greeted, on reaching
the Hartsville pike, by a heavy fire from that di
I dismounted the two leading companies to
fight, and threw them into the woods, on the
left of the road. The enemy increased his fire,
and I gradually had my whole command en
The fight began at half-past six o clock, and
was maintained without much advantage on
either side the enemy having, perhaps, rather
the best of it at first until about half-past eight,
when they began to fall back, and my men to
redouble their efforts. At half-past nine I had
I learned then that the troops were command
ed by Brig. -Gen. Johnson. During the parley,
the enemy had formed into line of battle, and
were, evidently, ready to defend themselves from
any fresh attack.
I divided my force into three divisions, leading
one myself in the direction which I thought Gen.
Johnson had taken. Major Morgan had five com
panies under his orders on my left. Lieut. -Col.
Duke, on my right, had three companies and his
Some delay was occasioned by the non-arrival
of my gallant Texan Rangers, who formed part
of the body under my own immediate order*.
They had been separated from their horses dur
ing the preceding fight, and had not been able to
recover them in time to come to the front. On
their arrival, we marched on in the direction of
the enemy, and Colonel Duke s division coming
within sight, advanced at a canter and opened
Gen. Johnson s forces, being on a good pike,
retreated for some time faster than my men, who
were on difficult ground, could follow, but after
a pursuit of some two miles they were overtaken
and compelled to fight.
They were dismounted and formed behind
their horses. The position they had selected
was a very good one, especially as they consider
ably outnumbered Col. Duke s force, which was
the only one opposed to them, Major Morgan and
my own detachment, in the eagerness of pursuit,
having taken too far to the left.
Col. Duke reports that on perceiving that the
enemy had halted, he formed his three companies
and the advanced guard into columns of squad
rons, preserving the regular distances betwixt
each, so as to be able to form into line at com
mand arid attack.
This was done with admirable precision and
coolness by his men, and nothing could exceed
The enemy were formed under the brow of a
hill, and my men were drawn up above them, so
that their fire told with effect on my line, whilst
that of the attacking party went over their heads.
After a very sharp engagement of about fifteen
minutes they broke and ran.
Gen. Johnson, his Adjutant-General, Captain