brigade did not number near eight thousand.
General Salomon never, by word or letter, inti
mated to me that he intended attacking the ene
my at Newtonia. I was, therefore, lost in con
jecture as to who were engaged in firing the ar
tillery we heard in the morning. About ten
o clock A.M., of said thirtieth ultimo, I received
the following order :
Colonel Hall, Commanding Fourth Brigade, Mis
souri State Militia :
Advance immediately toward Newtonia. Heavy
firing in our advance. A. BLOCK, A.A.G.
Send answer by bearer when you will strike
This was the only communication ever received
by me from Gen. Salomon concerning the move
ment of troops under my command at that time.
It left me -a utter ignorance of Gen. Salomon s
intentions. I did not know whether he intended
to advance with his forces from Sarcoxie toward
Newtonia, I. was entirely without information
of the intentions of Gen. Salomon. I desired him
to send me a messenger. He neither sent me a
messenger or a line, nor did he communicate with
me in any way until I had reached the battle
field. I immediate^, upon receipt of the above
order from Gen. Salomon, ordered the different
regiments, battalions, and companies of the bri
gade to march. We marched toward Newtonia
by the way of Jollification. I marched about
eight miles. I had not heard any firing since we
started. I had not received any communication
from Gen. Salomon ; I was ignorant of his move
ments or intentions. I had no means of know
ing the result of the morning s engagement, but
had good reason to believe that the enemy had
maintained their position. By marching to New
tonia, by the way of Jollification, the whole force
of the enemy would be directly between my com
mand and the troops of Gen. Salomon, whether
they were at Sarcoxie or advancing from Sarcoxie
to Newtonia. I therefore, upon consultation with
the principal officers of your brigade, determined
to march west till I struck the road leading from
Sarcoxie to Newtonia, or until I could learn some
thing about Gen. Salomon s movements or inten
tions. We reached the road leading from Sar
coxie to Newtonia at about eight miles distant
from Newtonia, about four o clock P.M., of said
thirtieth ultimo. Here we came upon some
stragglers belonging to Salomon s command.
From these men I learned that Gen. Salomon
and Col. Weer, with their brigades, had marched
toward Newtonia that about four hundred men
belonging to Salomon s command had made the
attack in the morning on the enemy s forces,
about eight thousand strong, at Newtonia, and
Gen. Salomon and Col. Weer had marched down
to their relief.
At the time we reached the road from Sarcoxic
to Newtonia, firing by artillery was heard by me
again at or near Newtonia, which told me that
Gen. Salomon had, with his forces, reached New
tonia. It was about as far from our camp to
where we struck the Sarcoxie road as from Sar
coxie to Newtonia. We marched from the last-
nentioned place, where we came into the Sarcoxie
road to Newtonia with all possible despatch ; wo
-cached the battle-field about sunset.
General Salomon, on the battle-field, requested
me to cover his retreat with my brigade. Gen.
Salomon s troops were retreating in great confu
sion. The enemy in full force were advancing to
attack the rear of his column, which must have
jeen captured or destroyed, but for the timely
arrival of your brigade. I drew up your bri,u;ule
n line of battle in front of the enemy, and be-
ween the enemy and the retreating forces of
Brig.-Gen. Salomon. The enemy, seeing my ciis-
>osition, drew up in line of battle and commenced
iring their artillery at my line. I ordered Lieut.
Marr, in command of Captain Murphy s company
of First Missouri artillery, to open fire upon the
enemy, which was obeyed in a prompt and efft-
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
cient manner. The troops of your brigade acted
with great coolness and courage on the Meld, and
during the retreat, about dark, the enemy with
drew their force from the field.
Having secured the retreat of the forces of Gen.
Salomon, I drew off the men under my command.
Our only casualty was one man badly wounded
by the bursting of the shell. General Salomon s
troops were scattered from near the battle-field to
Sarcoxie. I saw them all safely back to Sar-
coxie. I there on this morning met Gen. Salo
mon. He declined renewing the attack upon the
enemy. It therefore became my duty to march
the brigade back to Centre Creek to protect the
I arrived at camp about ten o clock A.M. of this
first instant. I found every thing safe.
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
GEORGE H. HALL,
Colonel Fourth Cavalry, M.S.M., Commanding Brigade.
GENERAL RAINS S REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS ra THE FIELD, ELK Honx, )
October 4, 1862. f
To Major-General T. C. Hindman:
GENERAL : Colonels Cooper and Shelby repulsed
the enemy, four to five thousand strong, at New-
tonia, on the thirtieth September, killing one
hundred and fifty ; captured one hundred and
fifteen prisoners ; number of wounded not known.
The enemy, commanded by Brig. -Gen. Salomon,
fell back to Sarcoxie, a distance of fifteen miles,
which place they now occupy in considerable force,
having been reenforced from Kansas. The entire
command at Sarcoxie is from Kansas. The prison
ers taken are of the Wisconsin Ninth, Salomon s
The enemy still occupy Springfield and Mount
Vernon, with two thousand at Cane Creek, twen
ty-five miles south of Springfield.
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAMES S. RAINS,
GENERAL PLEASANTON S RECONNOIS-
GENERAL PLEASANTON S REPORT.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, October 8, 1862.
I CROSSED the Potomac on the morning of the
first instant, with seven hundred men, consisting
of the Eighth Illinois cavalry, three squadrons
from each of the Eighth Pennsylvania and Third
Indiana cavalry and Pennington s battery of ar
tillery. I drove the enemy s pickets out of Shep
herdstown, and followed the Ninth Virginia cav
alry on the Martinsburgh road so rapidly that
they fled, leaving one of their dead in the road.
This dead body was still in the road on my re
turn in the evening, showing that I had posses
sion of it the whole day.
Five miles from Shepherdstown the road forks,
one branch going in the direction of Bunker s Hill,
and it was on this road that Lee s brigade was
posted ; the other passed on to Martinsburgh, and
in obedience to my orders I moved on it. Two
miles of travel brought me to the Opequon Creek,
on the opposite bunk of which, and some three
miles down, I observed a battery of artillery in
position, which soon opened on me. I paid no
attention to this, and the rebels themselves saw
their absurdity, and stopped firing. I continued
my movement to Martinsburgh, and easily drove
several squadrons in my front into the town, my
advance arriving at the edge of the town by two
o clock in the day.
It was soon discovered that Hampton s brigade
of cavalry, and four pieces of artillery were drawn
up in the centre of the town, and that two bridges
between my forces and theirs had been destroyed
by these boastful soldiers, who represented they
were so anxious to get at my command. Witt
three squadrons of cavalry and one piece of artil
lery, Hampton s command was soon driven froir
Martinsburgh, and I leisurely entered the towr
with this force, and executed all the orders I had
received in regard to it. On entering the town I
found the bridges had been replaced, and I was
informed that the ladies of the place had turned
out and built them up for my men to cross. The
mention of this incident speaks for itself, as an
affecting exhibition of loyalty and devotion in the
present great struggle for national existence.
I remained at Martinsburgh until five o clock
in the afternoon, some time after I had finished
my business, to see if the rebels would attack
me. They did not, so in obedience to my orders,
I commenced to return toward Shepherdstown,
by the same road I had gone out, and that the
rebels might follow me if they felt so inclined, I
left the bridges intact that they had destroyed in
the morning. After crossing the Opequon"Creek
a section of artillery, with suitable force, remained
in rear, to cover the march, which was leisurely
conducted at a walk. The enemy perceiving that
my movement was a retreat, came at a headlong
gallop toward my rear, when some six or eight
well-directed shells scattered his force in confu
sion over the hills, and he did not rally until my
rear had passed over nearly two miles of the dis
tance, when he brought up fresh troops from the
road leading toward Bunker Hill. My command
cared so little for the enemy s attacks that they
noved on at a walk, and the rear section of artil-
ery was, in consequence, quite near the rebels
on the road. When apprised of this, I immedi
ately placed a section of artillery in position, and
opened on the enemy, over the heads of my men,
and the other section coming up, their fire did
such execution that the enemy neither troubled
us nor was heard of any more that night. Sev
eral of my squadrons engaged the er erny at short-
range, and always maintained their position until
;hey were directed to move.
The last affair occurred over four miles beyond
Shepherdstown, and in it we captured nine prison
ers and ten horses and equipments ; and I have
since heard, from good authority, that the rebels
buried sixty-six dead, as the result of that fight.
My loss was only twelve men slightly wounded,
vhey being able to ride to camp, and three me
taken prisoners by their horses falling with then
Their horses were not captured.
I brought oft from Martinsburgh twenty-fou
citizens anxious to leave, and nine boys belong
ing to Frederick, who had been impressed int
the rebel service, but had run away.
REBEL REPORTS AND NARRATIVES.
GENERAL LEE S DESPATCH.
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
CAMP ON WASHINGTON S RUN, October 2, 186-2.
General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector- Gen
eral, G.S.A., Richmond, Va. :
GENERAL : The enemy s cavaln r , under Genera
Pleasanton, with six pieces of artillery, drove bac
our pickets yesterday in front of Shepherdstown
The Ninth Virginia cavalry, which was on picket
repulsed the enemy several times by vigorou
charges, disputing the ground step by step, back
to the main bod} r . By the time his artiller}
reached him, Col. W. F. H. Lee, who was in com
mand of the brigade, was obliged to place it on
the west bank of the Opequon, on the flank of thi
enemy, as he approached Martinsburgh.
Gen. Hampton s brigade had retired througl
Martinsburgh, on the Tusca.rora road, when Gen
Stuart arrived and made dispositions to attack
Lee s brigade was advanced immediately, am
Hampton s ordered forward. The enemy retiree
at the approach of Lee along the Shepherdstowr
road, and was driven across the Potomac by the
cavalry, with a severe loss, and darkness alone
prevented it from being a signal victory. His rear
was overtaken and put to flight, our cavalry
charging in gallant style under a severe fire of
artillery, driving squadron after squadron, killing
a number, wounding more, and capturing sev
eral. He was driven through Shepherdstown, and
crossed the river after dark, in no case standing
a hand-to-hand conflict, but relying upon his ar
tillery and carbines at long-range for protection.
I regret to add that we lost one lieutenant and
several privates. I am, most respectfully, your
obedient servant, li. E. LEE,
Major and A.D.C.
BATTLE AT LA VERGNE, TENN.
GENERAL NEGLEY S REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES FORCES, \
NASHVILLE, October 9. f
Sru : Major -Gerv. J. R. Anderson, Brig. -General
Forrest, and Gen. Harris, have been rapidly con
centrating a large rebel force at La Vergne, fifteen
miles east, with the avowed intention of assault
ing Nashville. Deeming it a favorable opportun
ity to check this project t>y a sudden blow, a
concerted movement was made on the night of
the sixth instant, by a force of four hundred in
fantry and four hundred cavalry, and four pieces
of artillery, under command of General Palmer,
sent via Murfreesboro road. At the same timo
one thousand eight hundred infantry, under Col.
Miller, marched by a circuitous route to the south
of La V ergne. The enemy s pickets and vedettes
were in considerable force on the roads, and skir
mished with our advance ten miles, enabling the
mam force, consisting of one regiment, the Thir
ty-second Alabama infantry, with one steel rifled
cannon, and three thousand cavalry, to assume a
position, forming their lines in anticipation of
our entire force advancing on the Murfreesboro
road, which was part of our object. The enemy
commenced the action by opening fire with three
pieces of artillery at a distance of three hundred
yards. This was soon silenced by a shell from
one of our guns exploding their ammunition
chest, at the moment the enemy were directin^
their movements against the right flank of Gen
Palmer s force. Col. Willis s infantry arrived,
advancing in splendid line of battle, delivering a
well-directed fire into the enemy s ranks, which
was followed by a skilful deployment of the
right and left, to cut off their retreat. The con
federates held their ground for thirty minutes,
and then fled in the wildest disorder, leaving one
hundred and seventy -five prisoners in our hands,
among whom were two lieutenants, two lieuten
ant-colonels, and a number of line-officers ; three
pieces of artillery, ordnance and quartermaster s
stores, a large amount of provisions, camp equip
age, personal effects, stand of regimental colors,
ind^ three railroad cars, which we destroyed.
Their defeat was complete. Their loss in killed
~,nd wounded was about eighty.
The conduct of our officers and men was high-
y meritorious, with numerous instances of indi-
r idual bravery arid efficiency.
A report in detail will be forwarded by the
^ur loss is five killed, nine wounded, foui
I have the honor to remain, yours very truly,
JAS. S. NEGLEY,
Colonel J. B. FRY,
A.A.G. and Chief of Staff.
FIGHT AT LAWRENCEBURGH, KY.
COLONEL PARROTT S REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST RKGIMENT 0. V. I., )
IN CAMP, October 9, 1SG2. f
CAPTAIN : I have the honor to submit the fol-
nving report of the skirmish had with the enemy
:iis morning, by the troops under my command,
As my regiment left camp, the General Com
landing apprised me that our rear was threat-
icd by the enemy, and ordered me to march
ack on the road until I overtook the Nineteenth
nited States infantry, previously sent out.
About half a mile from camp I came up with
ur troops, on the road to Lawrenceburgh.
REBELLION" RECORD, 1862.
Major King, Fifteenth United States infantry,
had his battalion drawn up in open field, where
he commanded the road ; Major Carpenter, Nine
teenth United States infantry, was to his left, and
in the road, which at that point makes an abrupt
turn. Being the ranking officer present, I posted
the First Ohio behind the crest of a ridge in the
skirt of woods to the rear of the open ground, and
ordered the battalions of regulars to fall back
across the field, and form on the same line, and
to the right of the First Ohio.
In the mean time Lieut. Guenther had come
up with a section of battery H, Fifth United
Just as our line was formed the enemy ap
peared, marching by the flank up the hill, in
front of where I had found Major King s com
Lieut. Guenther, having got one of his pieces
in position, opened with such effect as to check
the progress of the enemy, and cause him to fall
back under cover of the hill.
From this position the enemy advanced a
strong line of skirmishers. To oppose these I
deployed forward a company from each battalion
of the regulars, company C, Capt. Thruston, and
part of company B, Lieut. Kuhlmann, First Ohio.
The skirmishers became engaged at once, and
Major Drake at this time reported to me with
the Forty-ninth Ohio volunteers, and was sent to
a position on the right, and deflected at nearly a
right angle to Major King, and was ordered to
cover his front and right flank with skirmishers.
I have no report from him, but believe there was
no firing on his part of the line.
The guns of Lieut. Guenther commanded the
road in front of our centre, so as to check any
advance along it, and the enemy s main attack
was directed against our left.
The skirmish-line in front of the First Ohio
was strongly attacked, and at one time driven a
short distance from the hill on which it was post
ed, but being reenforced, rallied and in turn drove
Jie enemy back. For near four hours the firing
here was strong and steady, and when the enemy
had been driven from here he appears to have
fallen back altogether, and to have given up the
attack, as the firing was not resumed until our
troops had again taken up the march toward
The section of Lieut. Guenther s battery was
handled with the usual vigor and skill of that ac
complished officer, and was very effective in
checking the advance of the enemy, and in driv
ing him from a dwelling-house, under cover of
which he was making the most severe fire on our
line of skirmishers. I must particularly commend
Captain Thruston and Lieut. Kuhlmann, of the
First Ohio, who bore the brunt of the enemy s
The firing began a little after eight A.M., and
the enemy was finally repulsed about one P.M.
I did not attempt to do more than hold our
position and keep the enemy at bay, because I
had been ordered to act strictly on the defensive.
The attacking force, I have learned, from citizens
and others, who saw the enemy marching up, was
about two thousand five hundred to three thou
sand strong, mixed infantry and cavalry, with
two howitzers, which latter were not used on us.
Eleven of his dead, and two mortally wounded,
were found on the field ; but many other bodies
were seen to be carried off by him. We got from
him three Springfield muskets and one Harper s
Appended is a list of killed and wounded.
I am your obedient servant,
ED. A. PARROTT,
Colonel First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
To Capt. C. A. STEARNS,
A.A.GL Second Division.
KILLED. Jos. A. Matthias, First Sergeant, Co.
C, First Ohio ; G. "VV. Ennis, private, do., do. ;
Henry "VVolfstetter, do., do., do. ; William Burg-
hartt, do., Co. B, do. ; J. W. Barnes, do., Co. C,
Nineteenth U. S. infantry ; Robert Putnam, Co.
A, Fifteenth U. S. infantry.
WOUNDED. A. Kuhlmann, Second Lieutenant,
Co. B, First Ohio; Jos. Leiber, Corporal, do.,
do. ; John Hook, do., do., do. , A. Snyder, pri
vate, Co. C, do. ; I. P. Iddings, do., do., do. ;
II. Brelsford, Corporal, do., do. ; Geo. King, pri
vate, Co. B, Nineteenth infantry ; Mat. Preston,
do., Co. E, do.
Killed, six ; wounded, eight total, fourteen.
POETRY AND INCIDENTS.
THIS DAY, COUNTRYMEN!
BY ROBERT LOWELL.
Cowards, slink away !
But who scorns to see the foe
Deal our land all shame and woe,
Must go forth to-day !
Crops are safe, afield !
Cripples and old men can reap ;
Young, and strong, and bold must leap,
Other tools to wield.
Cast the daily trade !
Never may be bought or won,
After this great fight is done,
What this day is weighed.
Leave your true love s side !
Go ! be fearless, true, and strong !
Woman glories to belong
Where she looks with pride.
True men hold our line ;
Basely leave their true ranks thin,
Waste and ruin will rush in
Like the trampling swine.
Dare you be a man ?
Now for home, and law, and right,
Go, in God s name, to the fight !
Forward to the van !
BY E. ROSS -WHITE.
The golden banners of the corn
Will glad the earth again,
Attended by the morning dew
And the celestial rain !
And matron eyes will brighter grow
To see the bending corn
Stoop, like a band of worshippers,
To greet the rising morn !
The maiden s cheek will wear a hue
More healthy in the sun,
The patriotic author of this fine poem may he found in Bed
61, Hospital No. 4, Ward No. 1 , in this city. Louisville Journal.
VOL. V. POETKF 1
While counting beads of luscious corn
The dark-eyed harvest nun !
The old man with his snowy locks,
White as the winter s zone,
Bends on his knee and thanks our God
In reverential tone.
Children will leap and laugh and lie
Upon the greener grass,
And shade their sunnier eyes of love
While argosies do pass
The argosies of mellow corn,
On rivers and on seas ;
These are our glorious COAT OF ARMS
We conquer WORLDS with these.
Nature herself doth take a smile
When unto her are born
(To feed her starving million men)
So many grains of corn.
The ill-" FED" serfs of Cotton King
Fall down in conscious shame,
And glorious pseans loudly sing
Unto the Rescuer s name.
All tongues, all nations, will be glad
When corn has come to reign,
To spread his banners o er the earth
In PEACE and LOVE again !
And I, forsooth, this simple hymn
Give to my real KING ;
May fortune shield both him and me
Beneath the Union wing.
Baltimore American^ April 10.
A LAY OF ISLAND NO. TEN.
We all are anxious now to hear,
Amid the war s alarms,
That Captain Foote, at " Island Ten,"
Achieved a "feat of arms /"
But Foote, who won a pair of feats
Upon the Tennessee,
Says : " Sailors sail, or swim, or steam,
Foot-feats suit infantry !
"Now, give me but a troop of horse,
Four-footed then I ll be,
And from my boats and horse-marvM* *
The rebels" quick shall flee !
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
* So do not, friends, because I wait,
Club-footed Foote now dub ;
For though you fear your Foote is lame,
They ll find that Foote a club :
That s if I fight them on the land,
On foot or in the saddle,
But if I meet them on the wave,
They ll find your Foote a paddle I
So never fear like knight of old,
My anxious city sirs
This Foote will win you Island Ten,
And win, to boot^ ; his spurs ! " M.
THE IRISH BOYS.
At Winchester, two Irish companies, in the rebel service, re
fused to fire on the United States flag. Louisville Journal.
THE Irish boys arc bold and brave,
The Irish boys are true ;
They love the dear old stars and stripes,
The spangled field of blue.
Tis Mulligan can tell the tale
Of how they fought that day,
When with the foe at Lexington
They met in bloody fray.
Fast whizzed the shot and murderous shell,
The bullets fell like rain ;
But dauntless stood his brave brigade
The heroes of the plain.
Then presued the foe in serried ranks ;
But not to them they yield ,
Hunger and thirst had done their work,
Before they gave the field.
Oh ! honor to the Irish boys,
And cheers of three times three ;
Old Ireland is with our side
I wish that she were free.
The Irish boys are bold and brave,
The Irish boys are true ;
They love the dear old stars and stripes,
The spangled field of blue.
Oh ! brave were those who nobly fought ;
But braver still the band
Who, forced by rebels in their ranks,
United, made their stand.
They saw the old and honored flag
Borne out upon the air,
And not a gun was raised against
Its floating folds so fair !
Ah ! Lexington and Springfield boast
Their heroes true and grand ;
But Winchester shall stir men s hearts
Throughout Columbia s land.
Oh! honor to the Irish boys,
And cheers of three times three,
jFor Ireland well fight some day,
And she shall vet be free. C. M.
JEFF D AVIS S PRAYER.
BY CLARENCE BUTLER.
Bowed down with grievous cares of state,
(For things weren t going very straight,)
There sat that awful potentate
King Jeif, the great sccesher ;
He looked exceedingly forlorn,
Harassed and vexed, annoyed and worn ;
Twas plain his office didn t return
Much profit or much pleasure.
Says Jeff (he thus soliloquized :)
"This isn t quite as I surmised;
It really cannot be disguised,
The thing is getting risky :
Winchester, Donelson, Roanoke,
Pea Ridge, Port Royal, Burnside s stroke
At Newborn by the Lord, I choke !"
Jeff took a drink of whisky.
"McClellan, too, and Yankee Foote ;
Grant, Hunter, Halleck, Farragut,
With that accurst Fremont to boot;"
(Right here he burst out swearing ;
And then, half-mad and three parts drunk,
Down on his shaking knees he sunk,
And prayed like any frightened monk,
To ease his blank despairing.)
He prayed : " mighty Lucifer !