68. The Dead Soldier, by " Xaviere," 48
69. The Carte de Visite, 50
70. Dirge for a Soldier, in Memory of Gen. Philip
Kearny, killed September 1st, 1862, by
George H. Boker, 50
INCIDENTS, RUMORS, ETC., ,. 1-50
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
PORTRAIT OF MAJOR-GEN. JOSEPH HOOKER, .... FRONTISPIECE.
COMMODORE THEODORUS BAILEY, ... to face DIARY, p. 1
MAJOR-GEN. LEWIS WALLACE, .... " " 7
" COMMANDER CHARLES BOGGS, " "15
* MAJOR-GEN. E. A. HITCHCOCK, . . 23
BRIG.-GEN. S. W. CRAWFORD, "31
MAJOR-GEN. GEORGE H. THOMAS, . ... . . " " 39
COMMODORE W. D. PORTER, "47
BRIG.-GEN. J. S. WADSWORTH, * "55
BRIG.-GEN. W. S. HANCOCK, * 63
GENERAL BRAXTON BRAGG, C. S. A., . . . . * " 71
BRIG.-GEN. ROBERT H. MILROY, .... "79
BRIG.-GEN. D. B. BIRNEY, . "87
MAJOR-GEN. E. D. KEYES, . . . . a " 91
PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF FAIR OAKS, VA., . Doc. p. 75
DIARY OF EVENTS.
COM. TM EODOFtr S il\! LEY.
D IAB Y
M AT 1, 1982.
AT Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee, a general
order was issued transferring Major - General
Thomas s division from the Army of the Ohio to
the Army of Tennessee, and Major -General
Thomas to the command of the army formerly
under General Grant, of which the divisions of
Generals McClernand and Wallace were to con
stitute a reserve, under General McClernand.
Major-General Grant retained command of his dis
trict, including the army corps of Tennessee, but
acted as second in command under the Major-
General Commanding the Department.
THE rebel schooner Sarah, while endeavor
ing to run the blockade of Bull s Bay, South-Caro
lina, was chased ashore by a party of the crew
of the United States vessel Onward, under the
command of Acting Master Sleeper. The rebel
crew escaped after setting fire to the schooner.
AT Corinth, Mississippi, four hundred Ger
mans from a Louisiana regiment, who had been
sent out from the rebel camp on outpost duty,
carne into the National lines in a body with white
tiags on their guns, and gave themselves up as
THE United States steamer Mercedita, Com
mander Stellwagen, on the twenty-seventh of
April, about fifteen miles north of Hole in the
Wall, captured the steamer Bermuda, laden with
articles contraband of war, among which were
forty -two thousand pounds of powder, seven
field-carriages, and a number of cannon, swords,
pistols, shells, fuses, cartridges, military stores,
saltpetre, saddles, ingots of tin, etc. She was
taken into Philadelphia for adjudication.
Tins evening, the rebel Colonel Morgan, with
his squadron, attacked the train of Gen. Mitchel,
near Pulaski, Giles County, Tenn., and captured
sixty wagons and about two hundred and seventy
unarmed National troops. Morgan not having tha
means of moving the prisoners, released them on
parole. Shelly mile (Tenn.} News, May 8.
YESTERDAY General 0. M. Mitchel occupied
Huntsville, Alabama, after a lively engagement
with seven thousand of the rebel infantry and
cavalry. National Intelligencer, May 3.
INTELLIGENCE was received of a battle at
Poralto, Texas, on the fifteenth of April, between
the National forces, under General Canby, and a
party of Texans who had fortified themselves at
that place. The rebels were defeated. General
Canby s loss was twenty-five killed and wound
ed. Missouri Republican, May 2.
GENERAL ROBEHT ANDERSON and Sergeant
Peter Hart, received medals from the New- York
Chamber of Commerce, in honor of the heroic
defence of Fort Surnter.
THE following instructions were sent to the
flag-officer of each of the blockading squadrons
from the Navy Department at Washington :
SIR : The approach of the hot and sickly sea
son upon the Southern coast of the United States
renders it imperative that every precaution should
be used by the officers commanding vessels to
continue the excellent sanitary condition of their
crews. The large number of persons known as
" contrabands " flocking to the protection of the
United States flag, affords an opportunity to pro
vide in every department of a ship, especially for
boats crews, acclimated labor. The flag-officers
are required to obtain the services of these per
sons for the country, by enlisting them freely in
the navy, with their consent, rating them as boys,
at eight dollars, nine dollars, and ten dollars per
month, and one ration. Let a monthly return be
made of the number of this class of persons em
ployed on each vessel under your command,
REBELLION RECORD, 18G2.
BRIGADIER-GENERAL WILLIAM T. SHERMAN
was confirmed by the United States Senate as
Major-General of volunteers.*
GENERAL BUTLER began the debarkation of
the troops of his command at New-Orleans, and
by proclamation declared the object and purposes
of the United States in taking possession of that
city u to restore order, maintain public tranquilli
ty, and enforce peace and quiet." (Doc. 1.)
LAST Sunday afternoon, April twenty-seventh,
a skirmish took place near Horton s Mills, ten
miles from Newbern, N. C., on the Pollockville
road, between a party of cavalry belonging to the
Une Hundred and Third New-York regiment and
a body of rebel cavalry, resulting in the defeat
and dispersion of the rebels, with a loss of three
killed and ten prisoners. The Union casualties
were private Sanders, company C, killed, and
three officers, and the same number of privates
wounded. Newbern Progress.
YESTERDAY the Union siege-batteries opened
their fire against the rebel works at Yorktown,
Va, N. Y. Herald, May 3.
A FIGHT took place at Clark s Hollow, Va.,
between company C, of the Twenty-third Ohio
infantry, under the command of Captain J. W.
Stiles, and a party of rebel bushwhackers be
longing to the band of the notorious Capt. Folcy,
resulting in the defeat of the latter. (Doc. 3.)
May 2. Secretary Seward informed the for
eign ministers that the post routes were reopened
44 to New-Orleans and other places which having
heretofore been seized by insurgent forces, have
since been recovered, and are now reoccupied by
the land and naval forces of the United States ;"
also that a collector had been appointed for New-
Orleans, and that preparations were being made
to modify the blockade.
Tins night, the steamer Edward Wilson was
fired into by rebel cavalry, six miles below Sa-
vanah, Tenn., wounding five soldiers. The gun
boat Tyler immediately went down and shelled
the woods, and notified the people of the vicinity
* General Halleck, in a despatch to the Secretary of War,
urged the promotion of General William T. Sherman, on account
of his important services at the battle of Shiloh, as follows :
u lt is the unanimous opinion here, that Brig. -Gen. W. T.
Sherman saved the fortunes of the day on the sixth, and con
tributed largely to the glorious victory of the seventh. He was
In the thickest of the fight on both days, having three horses
killed umier him and being wounded twice. I respectfully re
quest that he be made a Major-General of volunteers, to date
from the sixth instant."
that their property would be burned on the repe
tition of the occurrence.
AT Corinth, Miss., General Beauregard issued
the following address to his troops : " Soldiers
of Shiloh and Elkhorn ! We are about to meet
once more in the shock of battle, the invaders of
our soil, the despoilers of our homes, the disturb
ers of our family ties, face to face, hand to hand.
We are to decide whether we are to be freemen
or vile slaves of those who are free only in name,
and who but yesterday were vanquished, although
in largely superior numbers, in their own encamp
ment, on the ever memorable field of Shiloh.
Let the impending battle decide our fate, and add
a more illustrious page to the history of our revo
lution one to which our children will point with
noble pride, saying : * Our fathers were at the
battle of Corinth.
u I congratulate you on your timely junction.
With your mingled banners, for the first time
during this war, we shall meet the foe in strength
that should give us victory. Soldiers, can the
result be doubtful ? Shall we not drive back
into Tennessee the presumptuous mercenaries
collected for our subjugation. One more manly
effort, and, trusting in God and the justness of
our cause, we shall recover more than we have
lately lost. Let the sound of our victorious guns
be reechoed by those of the army of Virginia on
the historic battle-field of Yorktown."
May 3. The rebel steamer Bermuda, laden
with arms and munitions of war, was taken into
Philadelphia. Philadelphia Inquirer, May 4.
THE Nashville Union of to-day contains a
call, signed by one hundred and fifty influential
citizens, assigning Monday, May fourth, for a
meeting to take measures to restore the former
relations of Tennessee with the Federal Union.
GENERAL PAINE s division of the Union army
of the south-west, sent out by General Pope to
reconnoitre, found the enemy near Farmington,
Mississippi, about four thousand five hundred in
number, and in a strong position. General Paine,
after a sharp skirmish, drove them from their posi
tion, and captured their camp. (Doc. 4.)
AT Liverpool, England, Captain William Wil
son, of the ship Emily St. Pierre, was presented
by the merchants and mercantile marine officers
of that place, with a testimonial for his gallantry
on the twenty-first of March, in recapturing his
ship, which was seized by the United States
gunboat James Adger, three days previous, off
Charleston, S. C. London Times, May 4.
DIARY OF EVENTS.
THE rebels evacuated York town and all theii
defences there and on the line of the Warwick
River, at night. The} left all their heavy guns,
large quantities of ammunition, camp equipage,
etc., and retreated by the Williamsburgh road.
THE United States gunboat Santiago de Cuba
brought into the port of New- York, as a prize,
the rebel steamer Ella Warley, captured on her
way from Nassau, N. P., to Charleston S. C.,
laden with arms.
JEJT DAVIS proclaimed martial law over the
Counties of Lee, Wise, Buchanan, McDowell, and
Wyoming, Va. (Doc. 94.)
May 4. General McClellan at one o clock this
afternoon, &ent the following to the War Depart
Our cavalry and horse artillery came up with
the enemy s rear-guard in their intrenchments
about two miles this side of Williamsburgh. A
brisk fight ensued. Just as my .aid left, General
Smith s division of infantry arrived on the ground,
and I presume he carried his works, though I
have not yet heard.
The enemy s rear is strong, but I have force
enough up there to answer all purposes.
Wo have thus far seventy-one heavy guns, large
amounts of tents, ammunition, etc. All along
the lines their works prove to have been most
formidable, and I am now fully satisfied of the
correctness of the course I have pursued.
The success is brilliant, and you may rest
assured its effects will be of the greatest import
ance. There shall be no delay in following up
the enemy. The rebels have been guilty of the
most murderous and barbarous conduct in plac
ing torpedoes within the abandoned works, near
Mill Springs, near the flag-staffs, magazines, tele
graph-offices, in carpet-bags, barrels of flour, etc.
Fortunately we have not lost many men in this
manner. Some four or five have been killed and
a dozen wounded. I shall make the prisoners
remove them at their own peril.
THE English steamer Circassian was cap
tured by the United States gunboat Somerset,
with a cargo of munitions of war, valued at half a
million dollars. N. Y. Herald, May 23.
RUMORS of foreign intervention in American
affairs still continue. The Paris correspondent
of the London Daily News states that the French
and English ministers at Washington have re
ceived identical instructions to attempt a moral
intervention, exclusive of any idea of force. The
Paris correspondent of the Independence Beige
also reiterates his former statements in reference
to intervention. At a meeting at Ashton under
Lyne resolutions were adopted calling on the
government to recognize the Confederate States.
A letter from Mr. Russell to the London Times
charges upon Secretary Stanton the trouble to
which he was subjected ; he also sa} r s that Gene
ral McClellan has expressed himself strongly in
reference to the Secretary s conduct to him and
to Mr. Russell also.
A PONTOON-BRIDGE was thrown across the
Rappahannock River at Fredericksburgh, and
General McDowell and staff, with an escort of
cavalry, passed over by it and entered Fredericks-
burgh. N. Y. Times, May 10.
May 5. H. M. Rector, Governor of Arkansas,
called upon the people of that State by proclama
tion to take up arms and drive out the "Northern
troops." (Doc. 6.)
Tins day the battle of Williamsburgh -was
fought between the Union forces in the advance
toward Richmond, and a superior force of the rebel
army under Gen. J. E. Johnston. The Nation
als were assailed with great impetuosity at about
eight A.M. The battle continued till dark. The
enemy was beaten along the whole line and re
sumed his retreat under cover of the night.
(Docs. V and 90.)
GENERAL BUTLER promised to Louisiana
planters that all cargoes of cotton or sugar sent
to New-Orleans for shipment should be protected
by the United States forces. National Intelli
gencer, May 30.
LAST night, Lieutenant Caldwell, of the
light artillery, received information of the return
to his home in Andrew County, Missouri, of the
notorious Captain Jack Edmundson. For some
months past Edmundson had been with the rebel
army in Southern Missouri and Arkansas, but
tiad now returned, as was supposed, for the pur
pose of raising a guerrilla company, stealing a lot
of cattle and making off with them.
Lieutenant Caldwell at once proceeded to head
quarters at Saint Joseph s, and obtained an order
:o take a sufficient force, and proceed in pursuit
of Edmundson and his gang. No time was lost,
and the party arrived at the house of the guerrilla
just before daybreak. But by some means Eri-
mundson had been informed of their approach, or
was on the look-out, and escaped from the house
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
just as the party approached. He was pursued,
and so hot was the pursuit, that he dropped his
blanket and sword, but reaching some thick
brush, managed to escape. The party then pro
ceeded to other parts of Andrew and Gentry
Counties, and arrested some twenty men whom
Edmundson had recruited for his gang. They
were all carried to Saint Joseph s and confined.
St. Joseph s Journal, May 8.
GENERAL DUMONT, with portions of Wood-
ford s and Smith s Kentucky cavalry, and Wyn-
koop s Pennsylvania cavalry, attacked eight hun
dred of Morgan s and Woods s rebel cavalry at
Lebanon, Kentucky, and after an hour s fight
completely routed them. (Doc. 22.)
D. B. LATHROP, operator on the United
States military telegraph, died at Washington,
D. C., from injuries received by the explosion of
a torpedo, placed by the rebels in the deserted
telegraph-office at Yorktown, Va.
THE rebel guerrilla, Jeff. Thompson, attacked
and dispersed a company of Union cavalry near
May 6. The rebels having evacuated the
works in front of Williamsburgh, and continued
their retreat toward Richmond, the place was oc-
pied by the Union forces under the immediate
command of Gen. McClellan. (Doc. 90.)
GENERAL FRANKLIN S division of the Army of
the Potomac left Yorktown in transports, to pro
ceed up the York River to West-Point. N. Y.
Evening Post, May 8.
AT Cincinnati, Ohio, in the United States
Circuit Court, at the April term, 1861, the Grand-
Jury found an indictment of treason against
James W. Chenoweth, for furnishing supplies
and munitions of war to the rebels. At the pre
sent term ex-Senator Pugh, counsel for the de
fendant, moved to quash the indictment on the
ground that the first clause of section two, article
three, of the Constitution, which provides that
treason shall consist only of levying war refers to
rebellion, while the second clause, " or adhering
to their enemies in giving aid and comfort," re
lates only to a public war with a foreign enemy.
Justice Swayne gave his decision to-day, sustain
ing the motion by quashing the indictment.
Cincinnati Enquirer, May 8.
THIS afternoon a detachment of the Fifth
New- York cavalry made a reconnoissance from
New-Market towards Harrisonburgh, Va., and
when about five miles from the town they en-
countered upwards of two hundred of Ashby a
cavalry. They charged on the rebels and pursued
them within two miles of the town, killing ten
and taking six prisoners. The National loss was
one killed and the battalion adjutant taken pris
oner. Baltimore American, May 8.
J. P. BENJAMIN, the rebel Secretary of State,
in answer to an inquiry by a Southern firm,
whether cotton purchased on foreign account
would be treated as exempted from the general
law which declares that all cotton shall be de
stroyed when it is about to fall into the hands of
the enemy, says :
" I know no law which prohibits the purchase
of cotton on foreign account, but I am not aware
of any law or reason of policy which should induce
this government to extend to property thus pur
chased greater protection than is extended to that
of our own citizens. It is the settled determina
tion of the government to allow no cotton to fall
into the hands of our enemies, as it is perfectly
well known that they would seize and appropriate
to themselves all cotton they could find, without
regard to ownership. If your correspondents buy
cotton they must expect to share the same risks
as are incurred by our own citizens." Richmond
Dispatch, May 7.
THE rebel schooner C. C. Pinckney, from
Charleston, S. C., for Nassau, N. P., was cap
tured by the United States gunboat Ottawa.
May 7. This afternoon the rebel pickets above
Columbiana Bridge, on the east side of the She-
nan doah River, Va., were driven back by detach
ments under Col. Foster, who was subsequently
ambuscaded by two rebel regiments. The action
lasted an hour, when Foster withdrew in good
order. The enemy did not pursue. A company
of Vermont cavalry was cut off and surrounded,
but escaped by swimming the river. The ene
my s loss is not known, except seven prisoners,
belonging to the Sixth Virginia and Seventh
Louisiana, which indicates that the enemy s force
was one of Swell s brigade. (Doc. 8.)
GENERAL FRANKLIN S division, Army of the
Potomac, was attacked while landing at West-
Point, Va., by the rebel Army of the Peninsula.
After a hard fight the rebels were repulsed with
considerable loss, and the landing effected.
A LETTER from Algesiras, Spain, published
this day, gives the final account of the pirate
Sumter. She had lain closely blockaded in Gib-
DIARY OF EVENTS.
raltar, by the United States gunboat Tuscarora,
which lay in Spanish waters within sight of her,
for two months. Thirteen of the Sumter s crew
meanwhile deserted to the gunboat. Seeing no
other end to such a state of affairs, the Captain
of the Sumter discharged his crew and sold his
ship. N. Y. Times, May 7.
GENERAL Cox s advance, consisting of part
of the Twenty-third Ohio, under Major Cauley,
occupied Giles s Court-House and the narrows of
New-River, driving out the rebels, who were taken
by surprise. A considerable quantity of com
missary stores was taken, and some twenty pri
vates made prisoners. The surprise prevented
the burning of the place, as the rebels intended.
The citizens remained, and most of them seem
loyally disposed. General Fremont s Despatch.
May 8. Nine Union regiments, under Gen
erals Milroy and Schenck, fought fourteen thou
sand rebels, under General Jackson, at McDow
ell, in Virginia, from six till nine P.M., when they
fell back to the town of Franklin in good order.
THE bombardment of the rebel batteries on
SewelFs Point and Craney Island was actively
carried forward by the Monitor, the Naugatuck,
and other vessels of the fleet. The Merrimac
finally appeared, but as she evinced a disinclina
tion to come out into the roadstead, and the Na
tional vessels were equally disinclined to go up
to her, the combat ceased. The scene was an
exciting one for some time, and was witnessed
by President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton.
MESSRS. RICHARDSON, Knapp, and Robkison,
of Illinois ; Law and Voorhees, of Indiana ; Allen,
White, Noble, Pendleton, Morris, and Vallandig-
ham, of Ohio; Johnson and Ancona, of Penn
sylvania, and Shields of Oregon, issued an ad
dress to the Democracy of the United States, set
ting forth party organization as a positive good
and essential to the preservation of public liberty.
Cincinnati Gazette, May 9.
FOUR companies of the Seventh Illinois cav
alry, under command of Major Aplington, when
reconnoitring within a mile and a half of Corinth,
Miss., discovered two rebel regiments of infantry
in position on both sides of the road. Major
Aplington gallantly charged upon them, but fell
pierced by a ball through the brain. Four of the
Union troops were slightly wounded ; the rebels
suffered the loss of thirty killed and wounded,
and four nrisoners.
THE United States Senate passed a bill es
tablishing Beaufort, S. C., as a port of entry.
THE iron-clad gunboats Galena, Aroostook,
and Port Royal left Fortress Monroe and started
up James River, at six o clock this morning.
Immediately after their departure, the rebel tug,
F. B. White, came, out from Craney Island, hav
ing left Norfolk this morning with a crew and
two citizens on board, on a mission to Tannery
Point, but they run over to Newport News, and
surrendered to General Mansfield ! Baltimore
American, May 9.
THREE brigades of General Buell s army
seized the portion of the Memphis and Charles
ton Railroad between Corinth and the Grand
Junction, and thus cut the communication be
tween those points. Chicago Times, May 9.
GOVERNOR CLARK, of North-Carolina, in re
sponse to a demand of the confederate govern
ment for more troops and transportation, informed
that government that it "had received all the aid
from North-Carolina that it could expect, and
that no more troops would be permitted to leave
the State." N. Y. Herald, May 19.
May 9. This night the rebels evacuated Pen-
sacola, Florida, and set fire to the forts, navy-
yard, barracks, and marine hospital. General
Arnold, at Fort Pickens, commenced a bombard
ment when the destruction of property was be
gun, with the hope of saving a portion of the
forts and propert} r . The steamers Bradford and
Neaffie were burnt. Fort McRae, the hospital,
and navy-yard were destroyed. The barracks
were saved, as were also the foundry and black
smith shop in the navy-yard. (Doc. 13.)
Tms morning, a company of rebel cavalry,
one hundred strong, under command of Captain
Walker, made a dash on Washington, N. C., with
the avowed purpose of capturing all the Federal
officers, and suddenly returning before the gun
boats could open upon them. But the pickets
heard them approaching, and several of them
united their squads, and poured a raking fire into
them, killing Captain Walker and five men, be
sides wounding several others. The cavalry im
mediately retreated without effecting their pur
pose. None of the Union troops were injured.
The pickets engaged were from company A, Cap
tain Redding, Twenty-fourth Massachusetts.
While this affray was going on, some secession
ists assassinated two recruits for the First regi
ment North-Carolina volunteers, in another part
REBELLION RECORD, 1862.
:>f the town, and beat their brains out. Newbern
Progress, May 10.
GENERAL HUNTER declared " the persons in
the three States, Georgia, Florida, and South-
Carolina, heretofore held as slaves, forever free."
CAPTAIN CONNET, company E, Twenty-seventh
Indiana volunteers, (Colonel Gazlay s,) stationed
with a squad of forty-eight men to guard a bridge
at Elkton station, twelve miles from Athens, Ala.,
was attacked by six hundred rebel cavalry, under
Col. Tom. Woodward, of Kentucky, and after a
fight of half an hour, was captured, with all his
men, five of them being killed. Captain C. was
severely wounded. The rebels lost thirteen, who
were buried at Athens. Nashville Union, June 5.
Two guerrillas were hung at Chester, Va.,
this day. The House of Representatives adopted a
resolution tendering its thanks " to Major-General
George B. McClellan, for the display of those high
military qualities which secure important results
with but little sacrifice of human life." A fight
took place at Slater s Mills, Va. (Doc. 106.)
GENERAL PAINE S division of the Union army