Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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Vi^.



HISTORY

OF

FAYETTE COUNTY,

PENNSYLVANIA,

WITH

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

OF MANY OF ITS

Pioneers and Prominent Men. •

EDITED BY '».'■'

FRA.^K:LI^ ELLIS.

ISSS ,e^. °':-



PHILADELPHIA:

L. H. EVERTS & CO.

188 2.

PRESS OF J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO., PHILADELPHIi



/-



u



-^



^



vS^/A



\



/A



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

University of Pittsburgh Library System



http://www.archive.org/details/historyoffayetteOOelli



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

Historic Guoind uf Fayette— Location-, Boi xdaries, and
TOPOGIIAI'HY l;i

CHAPTER II.

tTHK Works and Relics or an Extinct People 16
CHAPTER III.
♦ . The Indian Occupation 19

CHAPTER IV.
The French ash Indian Claims to the Trans-Allegheny
Region — George Washington's Visit to the French
' Forts in IVi.l , -22

CHAPTER V.

French Occcpation at the Head of the Ohio — Washington's

Campaign of 1754 in the Yoigiiiogheny Valley 2C

CHAPTER Vr.

Braddock's Expedition in 175J :i7

CHAPTER VII.
^ Captlre of Fort Du Qcesne— Erection of Fort Burd.. 49

U CHAPTER VIII.

J Settlement of the Covniv 53

(4i CHAPTER IX.

Dinmore's War CO

CHAPTER X.

The Revolution.

T roups Rfii8ed for tlie Field — Subsequent Disaffection— Lochry'a Expe-

ditiuu 7U

CHAPTER XI.

The Revolution {C<mthiiied).

•Williamsou'a Expedition— Crawford'a Sandusky Expedition 90

CHAPTER XII.
Pennsylvania and Virginia Territorial Controversy —
Establishment of Boundaries — Slavery and Servi-
tude 114

CHAPTER Xlir.
Erection of Fayette County — Establishment op Courts —

County Buildings 129

CHAPTER XIV.
The Bar of Fayette County— Fayette Civil Lists-
County Societies 138

CHAPTER XV.

The Whiskey Insurrection 157

CHAPTER XVI.
Fayette County in the War of 1S12-15 and Mexican

War 180

CHAPTER XVII.

War op the Rebellion — Fayette's First Companies, Eighth

and Eleventh Reserves 190



CHAPTER Will.
War OF THE Rebellion {r„„(,„„c./).

Elghty-liflli Iti't'iinenl iiud Second Artillcrj- 202

CHAPTER XIX.

War of the Rebellion {Coutiniiecl).

One Hundred and Slxteentli and One Hundred and Forty-second Regi.

"'oots 212

CHAPTER XX.
War of the Rebellion (Contluueil).

Tlie Fourteenth Cavalry 216

rilAPTER XXr.
War of the Rebellion (ConHiuicl).

Tlio Sixteenth Cavalry 2J4

CHAPTER XXir.
Economic Geology- — Iro.n, Coal, and Coke.

The Mineral Itcsources of Fayette County 230

CHAPTER XXia.

Internal Improvements — Population.

Roads and Bridges— National Rond—Navigation— Population of the

County hy Decades 247

HISTORIES OF BOEOUGHS AND TOWNSHIPS.

UNIOXTOW.V BOROUGH.
Early Taverns and Later Public-Houses— Incorporation of the Borough
— Uuiontown from 1800 to 1825— Visit of Lafayette, 1823— Union Vol-
unteers— Facta from the Bnrougli Records— List of Borough OtBcers—
Fire Dc',.;iiliiir i t- P. -t-n:f n— Mail Robbery by l)r. Uraddeo— Press
of Unii lit I' ;,.,- uf Uuiontown — Lawyer** — Schools—
Churclu— i. liiiiincial Institutions— Fayette C<iunty
Mutuiil lii. iii-uiLM < inpuiiy — lluilding and Loan As.suciation —
Societies an.l dnl.is— Mills und Mannfactories— Gas-Worlts— Popnla-
tion— Biogi aphical Sltetches 279

COXXELLSVILLE BOROUGH AND TOWNSHIP.
Borough Currency— Vocations followed in Connollsvillo iu 182:i— Inde-
pendence Day, 1824— Bridges Across the Yonghioglioiiy— Exliiiguish-
ment of Files — l*ost-Oflicea and Postmasters- Financial Institutions^
Societies and Ordora-Pliysicians-Newspapers-Schools— Churches-
Burial-Grounds — Railroads— Manufactories. The Township.— List of
Township Officers — Manufacturing Establishments— Gibson ville—Bi.
ographical Sltetches 3(ja

BROWNSVILLE BOROUGH AND TOWNSHIP.
Incorporation of the Borough and Erection of tlio Township— Public
Ground, Market-House, and other matters from tli.- n..roii;;li Records
—Lafayette's Visit to Brownsville— Ferrir- I:ii:_r, ,,, Hunlap's
Creek. etc. — Early Tavernsand Later Hot-!- ■ i 1 1 !m- Medi-
cal Profession — Brownsville Schools— Ki : - iii : Miirial-
Grounds — Extinguishment of Fires — P.^~t-'ii,h, .],n.i!i 1,: Iji.^iilu-
tions— Manufacturing Establishments— Coal Mimsi.nd lokit- Works-
Brownsville Gas Conipany — Societies and Orders — Brownsville Civil
List— Biographical Sketches... 421

BRIDGEPORT BOROUGH AND TOWNSHIP.
Incorporation of the Borough — Erection of the Township— Officers of the
TownsitipandBoi-ougli — Market- House — Publx Warehouseand Wliarf
— Ferries and Bridges over the SlonongaUela— Steamboat and Keel-
Boat Building— Manufacturing Eslablishments— Medical Profession-
Public-Houses — Fire Apparatus — National Bank — Schools — Religious
History 465

5



CONTENTS.



BULLSKIN TOWNSHIP.

Civil Organizatiuu — General Intlustrics—Peunsville— Educational and

EkdigioUB 485

DUNBAR TOWNSHIP.
Original Landholders— Tax-r^iy : m 17 < > l:iily Roads— Early Iron-
workers—The Union Fnrii,.. I -' : ' III /ntion and Civil liist
— VillageofEastLibertj — \i;. - li:. Milage of Alexandnn
—Churches— Sdiools-Manul.uUiuc, l.iiu.UKS— Societies and Or-
ders. New Haven Bonouaii. — Now Haven's rhysicians— Jnstices of
the Peace— Borougli Incorporation anil List of Officers— Schools in
New Ilaven—Post-Olflce-Religious— Biographical Notices 501

FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP.

Original l.andlioldcrs in Franklin-Franklin Tax-Payei? in 1785— Early

Roads— 'I'ownship Organization and Civil List — Scliools — Ciinrches —

Personal Sketches 549

GEORCES TOWX.'^IIIP.

Old Koada — Ashcniir- r It 11 in ;,iit -> n Tin Iii.Iii>:ri.is— Coke

Mannfactnre — Mill' l' ■ . i Ii i- Mi,,;.iiv Jlnnioirs—

Scliools— Churili.- 'I I : - v'l . ; Ai, -Faircliance

— Sniithfiold— Pliysii im- -■ : M.il.. i - i ,,i |, nir, . i.ml Builders

— Coopers — Wagon-Miikris — ^ucielies and (jiders — Ct'orges Creek
Trailing Conumny — Justices of the Peace— Biograpliical Sketches. 5G4

GERMAN TOWNSHIP.
Physicians — Schools — Churches— Bu rial-Grounds— List of Towusliip
Officers— Masonlown Biroiigh— SIcCk-llandtown— Societies and Or-
ders — High House— Military Record of German Township — Various
Statistics of German Township- Peraoniil Sketches SOU

HENRY CLAY TOWNSHIP.

Pioneers and Early Settlements— Roads— Tavern Stands— Township
Orgaiiizatiun and Officers- Jockey Yalley—Markleysbuig— Religious
Denoniiuations—Cemeleries— Scliools 605

JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP.

Early Kuails— TovvnshipOrganization and Civil List— Schuols — Churches
— Co^il Prodncl ions— Biographical Sketches C14

LUZERNE TOAYNSHIP.

Early Roads — Township Organization and List of Officers — Schools —

Churches — Burial-Grounds — Village of Mcrrittstown— Biographical

Mention 633

MENALLEN TOWNSHIP.
Early Roads— Early Taverns— Township Organization and List of Offi-
cers-Town of New Salem- Upper Middletown— Churches— Bio-
graphical 663

NORTH AND SOUTH UNION TOWNSHIPS.

NouTii Union.— Early Settlements— Erection of the Township and List

of Officers— Schools— Soldiers' Orphans' School— Religio\is Societies—

Jlauufactnring Industries. Souni Union.— Early Settlements— Erec-



tion, Boundaries, and List of Officers— Schools— Redstone Coke-Works
— Chicago and Connellfiville Coke Company's Works. MoNnoE.-rTav-
erns— Stores- Manufactories— Trip-Hammer Forge— Disliliery-Tho
Professions — Churches — Sabbath-Schools — Schools — Biographical
Mention 669

NICHOL,?ON TOWNSHIP.

List of Township Officere— Schools— Churches— Biographical 695

PERRY TOWNSHIP.

Erection of Township and List of Officers— Perryopolis — Lay ton Station

— Schools of the Township— Religious Worship — Burial-Grounds —

Biographical Notices 707

REDSTONE TOWNSHIP.
Township Organization and Civil List — Schools— Churches— Biograph-
ical Sketches 723

SALT LICK TOWNSHIP.

Roads— General Industries— Mercantile and Other Interests — Religious

and Educational 74]

SPRINGFIELD TOWNSHIP.
Roads — General Industries — Villages and Business Interests — Educa-
tional and Religious — Biogriipliical Mention.. 751

SPRINGHILL TOWNSHIP.

Medical Men— Early Roads — Early Mannraclurers — Springhill Civil

List — Schools — Churches — Soldiers— Biographical 763

STEWART TOWNSHIP.

Pioneer Settlers— Civil Organization— Falls City— Various Industries of

the Township— Religious and Educational— Schools 774

UPPER AND LOWER TYRONE TOWNSHIPS.
Early Settlements— Erection of Tyrone as a Township of Fayette County
— Changes of Territory and List of Officers— Erection of Upper and
Lower Tyrone— Religious Worship — Schools — Churches — Societies
and Orders — Jimtown — Coke Manufacture — Railroads— Biographical
Sketches 783

WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP.
Township Organization and Civil List — Early Roads — Little Redstone



1 — Boi'-
!e City
1 Ceme-



WHARTON TOWNSHIP.



Ill Graves— Battle-
National Road —
I'tllenient— Town-
's— Mail Service —
lols — Biographical



-BxoG-:Rj^FiEj:xaj^T^.



Allebaugh, Samuel 005

Allison, James 067

Daily, Silas Milto :!55

Banning, Anthony R 545

Barnes, David 415

Barton, William B!l4

Blackstone, James 545

Bowman, G. II 4,-,7

Boyle, diaries E 352

Boyd, Archil.ald 031

Breading, David 051 j

-Breading, James E 650

Breading, Nathaniel 050

Britt, Robert 689



PAOE

Brown, Isaac 09a

Brown, John 827

Brownflehl, Bai-il 692

Brownfield, Evving 340

Burton, John 502

Buttermore, Smith 418

Campbell. George W 762

Caufield, Thomas 739

Chatland, William 462

Clement, Samuel M 691

Cochran, James 804

-Cook, Edward 825

Cook, John B 825

Covert, Benjamin 052



CONTENTS.



Hcnl) MiiiiiiLe

Herl erti ii, John

IIiliU DiiMil

IIil b<!, Siiiniiel C

IIill AlcMiiKlci and Alexanilci J

Hogt Grorgo

Ilog^ Willium

llo^sott. Hoi crt

Ilontli ^^llll>nl

IIoA^ill Jushnii B

Houtll Mficd

Hunt, Willjiim

Huston Joliii

lI^nilDmn I Iv, inl K

Jiickson, U bolt

Johnson I)a\ul

Ron 1 ill IiiaiL P





PAOE




TAOE


Craft Janios W


740


IlnlKj Lutelliis


406


Cr)v»laM.I,A J


54n


ly J">i"b M


738


Cn.«»land (.iconHberry


300


Ljnn Doiiton


827


CumnunKs David


419


MitrchamI L mis


627


UaMlMin Jolinll


721


Jlnlhoil Htnrj I!


687


naMlnon Thoiiiaa It


40'>


. M.c 1(111 Ali-xaiidir


302


DainlBon Damil R


400


JMUaiiio H bnt^


638


Danbon John I


4(H


Mill 1 L •?


032


Dot»>nlU8 Artlinr B


544


Milloi Willlumll


40!


D\U,U,»,y


700


Ml OH J W


(94


Drax IilinF


415


Moigan, loliM


773


Dnntan Ihonnis


459


^<■«cmlOl,Goorgo W


417


Duman \Mlln.m S


400


Nc«m,er,l-S


4iO


Dnijii luhtim


090


Niitt \damC


1.8


Ilunn rhinnis


.50:1


Ofelcvce loKopli


"641


Elll tt lOBOpll h


G28


Ollphant, F H


582


Elliott ^^llllanl


628


Ohiilmnt S D


104


E»inK Willmtn


or,i


I'altoreon Mfied


351


FcrfeOBH. IdlnnndM


414


I'attcraon William G


0)0


F.rgns)!. Walton


415


Paiill Jiimcs


5i8


liuWi Rdiirt


7:i7


I'ursol James


721


Foniyth William


028


Pfii-sul Jtromiali


067


Franks, M W


705


PhlllipH FllH


641


Fnck Ilmr) C


414


11 vf.id w n


1>3


Fri^bro, lohn D




I iiinUtmo Mm


700


Fulkr, smith


347


III II 111 11 limes Hum 18


3o8


Gallatin Albdt


771


It . 1 Jamts SI


540


Gil son \Io\andci


052 •


11 lb rl8,Giimtli


738


Cans LillouHll


77:i


Itobinsoii Ml ucr


301


Gibs ni J slllla


404-


Itibinsin lames


590


G .0 Ilonrj li


029


I ^ 1, Mm sK


419


Goe.J linS


c;'.o


I 1 < 1


840


Graham Hugh




III It


io4


Gmno \\iN>n


7(1.-,


1 1 1 11


412


Giiflin William I>


7U0


^ II \l 1 w


■-»


Grimih SamuilC


820


s infill Willmii


01 >


Hngn, lliubon


589


"51.1 u 1 la ,b


03



Ml 1 hens, I 01 B
>inilin„ John
Stirling T mllMii



004 liiuiei Wilhrnill

ril Wells Josiph

U04 Willcj limes

722 Woodwaid Diun,

410 WoodiMiid loseih

741 Woik Samuel



J.LLTJSTR.^TI01TS.



Adims, John Q , Itesidcuce

Allebaiigh, Samuel

Allisiiii, Janios

Bail} Silas Miltnn

Banning, Anthoii} II

Barton William

Biniis, Oib>on, Itesidonci of

Blacl ^tune, Jam( s

Bon man, G H

Bojd, Alehlbald



facing O.;o Biijle, C E



faeing 355
bctnecn044, 54i

facing 09i

020

lictwoen j44, 545

facing 4j7
betneen 630, G31



Braddoek 9 Grive

Brtnding James p

Butt Kobcrt

Browneller, DaMd, Residence of

Brow n, laale

Biimn luhn



1 3o2, 353
ing OoO



CONTENTS.



Campbell, George W


762

facing 740




7A0E


Leisenring, John

Lenhart, Leonard

Lindley, Lutcllus

Linn, James M


" 410


Cbatlaud, William

Clement, Samuel M


between 462, 463

" 690, 691

facing 804

between 520, 621

" 520, 521

826

" 134

" 620

between 652, 653

" 740,741

527

feeing 5«

between 360, 361

facing 418

" 244

" 408

" 720

" 405

between 544, 545

" 706, 707

facing 415

" 469

" 460

between 688, 580

facing 663

between 628, 629


between 740, 741

facing 4U6

" 738






Connellsville Coke and Iron Company's Works

Cook, Edward


Map, Battle of Great Meadows

Map of Coke Region

Map of Fayette County, 1832

Map, Geological

Map, Outline of County


facing 830

■' 280

between 240, 247


'


facing 250


Cope, Emmor, Residence of


•' 230

" 13




Marchand, Louis

Mathiot, Henry B

Mcllvaine, Robert A

Miller, L.S., Residence of

Miller, William H

Moore, J. W


" 627




" 587


Crawford's House

Oroesland, A. J

Crossland, Greensbcrry


" 538

" 462,463

facing 694


Davidson Coke-Works

Davidson, Daniel K

Davidson, John H

Davidson, Thomas R

De SauUes, Artbur B




Newcomer, George W

Newmyer's Opera-House


" 417

" 382


Nutt, A. C, Residence of

Oglevee, Joseph

Oliphant. F. H


facing 298




Dravo, John F

Duncan, Thomas

Duncan, William S

Dunn, Justus

Dunn, Thomas

Elliott, Joseph S


" 582


Patterson, Alfred










Peireel, Jeremiah, Sr

Peirsel, Jeremiah, Jr

Phillips, Ellis

Playford, W. H


" 667


E«ing, William


facing 651


between 544, 545


Ferguson, Walton

Finley, Robert

First Methodist Episcopal Church, Uniontown....

Ford, Charles, Residence of

Forsyth, James S., Residence of.

Forsyth, William

Franks, JI.W

Flick, II. nrvC

Frisb«,.lol,MD

Fuller, Smith

Gallatin, Albert

Gans, Lebbcus B

Gibson, Alexander

Goe, Henry 1!

Goe, John S

Graham, Hugh

Greene, Wili!on

Griffin, William P

Griffith, Samuel C

Hague, Reuben

Hansel, Geo. W

Healy, Jlanri.,-

Hibbs, I'Hvi.l

Hibbs. S;,rnn,lC

Hill, .\!. .iri.i .1

HoK_-, -


•' 414,415

facing 737

facing 620

" 620

between 028, 629

" 704,705

facing 414

" 416

" 347

" 771

" 773

between 652, 653

facing 629

between 630, 631

669

facing 705

between 706, 707

facing 826

between 588, 689

facing 841

" 542

" 402

■. 739

:fecing 7;ia

between 458, 4.V,.


between 704, 705


Redburn, J. T

Red Lion Valley


. facing 368


" 620

" 540


Roberts, Griffith

Robinson, Eleazer


738

facing 361


Rogere, James K


facing 419


Rush, Sebastian

ScUnatterly, Thomas B

Schoonmaker, James M

Searight,Wm


facing 840


" 412

" 665

between 562,563


, Shepler, Joseph T

Smith, Robert

Soisson, Joseph

Soisson & Kilpatrick, Brick-Works

Springer, Levi

Staufler, J. R. & A., Flouring-Mills of.

Stantfer, J. R. i Co., Dexter Coke-Works


" 544, 545

" 562,563

" 420,421

facing 4(95

between 690, 691

facing 802

" 803


Steele, Samuel

Stephens, Levi


" 4C1

between 826, 827

" 8-26,827

facing 602

603

facing 303



" 352, 353
..facing 356
leen 360, 361
..facing 369
.. " 409

668

\ eeu 458, 459
" 604, 605
..facing 091



Kendall, Isjiac I
King,Ju8iah



Sturgeon, Daniel

Swart?., Joseph, Residence of.

Thompsou, Jasper M

Tinstman, A.

Trader, William H

Cniontown Soldiers' Orphans' School..

WVlls, Joseph .-...

Wilkey, James

Woodward, Davis ,

Woodward, Isaac C, Residence of.

Woodward, Joseph



leen 590, 591
678, 679



HISTORY

OP

FAYETTE COUxNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



CHAPTER I.

HISTORIC GROUND OF FAYETTE— LOCATION, BOUN-
DARIES, AND TOPOURAPIIY.

There are within the State of Pennsylvania very
few counties whose boundaries include ground more
historic than that which is comprehended in the do-
main of the county of Fayette. A century and a
quarter ago, when the two great European rivals,
England and France, contended for dominion over
the vast region watered by the head-streams of the
Oiiio, the latter nation claimed the summit of Laurel
Hill as her eastern boundary ; and in the strife which-
followed — the contest by the issue of which that claim
was extinguished forever — it was in the ravines and
on the hillsides and meadows lying between the
Youghiogheny and Monongahela Rivers that the
forces, marching respectively under the Bourbon lilies
and the cross of St. George first met in actual shock
of arms; it was the soil now of Fayette County
which drank the first blood spilled in that memorable
contlict. Years afterwards, when a scarcely less fierce
controversy sprang up between the States of Penn-
sylvania and Virginia, the Old Dominion insisted on
extending her limits eastward to that same Laurel
Hill summit, while Pennsylvania, willing at one time
to recognize the Monongahela as the division line,
peremptorily refused to yield an inch east of that
stream ; and so Fayette County, with contiguous
country lying to the west and north of it, became the
theatre of a conflict of jurisdiction which almost
reached the extremity of open war.

It was here, within what is now Fayette County, that
George Washington fought his first battle, and here
he made his first — and last — surrender to an enemy.
Across these hills and valleys and streams the army of
the brave Braddock marched in pride and confidence
to assault the French stronghold at the head of the
Ohio; and when the survivors of that proud host re-
turned by the same route, flying in disorder and panic
from the bloody field of the Monongahela, it was here



that their dauntless leader died of his wounds, and
here, in the soil of Fayette County, they buried him.
On the shore of the Monongahela River, in this
county, wa.s held the first, as also the last, public
meeting convened by the insurgent leaders in the
famous insurrection of 1791-94; and when at last
the government sent an army to enforce the laws, the
military column marched through Fayette, and the
commanding general established his headquarters at
the county-seat, where he received assurances of sub-
mission from the disaffected leaders. Detailed men-
tion will be made of all these historical fiicts, with
numberless others relating to this county, including the
construction of the great National road ; the building,
in Fayette, of the first steamboat that ever descended
the Monongahela, the Ohio, and the Mississippi
Rivers ; the erection here of the first iron-furnace
west of the Allegheny Mountains ; the first recorded
instance of the use of the bituminous coal of Western
Pennsylvania as fuel ;' its first application to the man-
ufacture of coke, and the subse(i\ient development of
that industry to an extent which seems destined, in the
near future, to place this county among the most pros-
perous and wealthy of the State.

In regard to its location and boundaries, Fayette
may properly be described as one of the southern
tier of counties in Pennsylvania, and the second one
from the western line of the .State. It is joined on
the west by the counties of Greene and Washington ;
on the northby Westmoreland, of which itonce formed
a part ; and on the east by Somerset. Its southern
boundary is formed by the north line of the States of
West Virginia and Maryland. This is identical with
the famed " Mason and Dixon's line," and thus for
many years the southern border of Fayette County
formed a part of the free-State frontier against the
dominion of African slavery.

The two principal streams of the county are the
Monongahela and the Youghiogheny Rivers. The

1 By Col. Burd, near licdstooe Creek, in t'iO.



It



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



former (and the larger) stream takes its rise in West
Virginia, crosses tlie State line into Pennsylvania at
the extreme southwest corner of Fayette County, and
flowing thence in a meandering but generally north-
ward course, marks the entire western boundary of
Fayette against the counties of Greene and Washing-
ton, for a distance of nearly forty-seven and a half
miles. After leaving the northwestern limit of Fay-
ette, the river continues in nearly the same general
course between Westmoreland and Washington and
through Allegheny County to its confluence with the
Allegheny River at Pittsburgh.

The Youghiogheny — a mountain stream of clearer
and purer water than that of the Monongahela— runs
from Maryland into Pennsylvania, crossing the line
into this State at the extreme southeast corner of Fay-
ette County. Flowing in a generally northward course
from this point, it marks for a distance of fifteen and
one-half miles the boundary between Fayette and
Somerset Counties. From there, turning somewhat
abruptly towards the west, it leaves Somerset, and, !
with the highlands of Fayette on either side, passes
through this county for a distance of more than forty-
four miles to the north line. Its general direction
tlirough Fayette is nearly northwest ; its current rapid,
rushing and tumbling over a rocky bed in many places, ,
and broken at one point (Ohio Pile) by falls of con-
siderable height. From the north boundary of this
county it enters Westmoreland, and flows on in nearly !
the same course to its junction with the Monongahela
at McKeesport.

Besides these two rivers, Fayette County has a
great number of smaller streams, but among these
there are few that are of eufiicient size and import-
ance to deserve separate mention. Cheat River,
which has its sources in West Virginia, enters Penn-
sylvania, and flowing a short distance across the ex-
treme southwest corner of this county, joins its waters
with those of the Monongahela. Nearly five miles
f u-tlicr down the river is the mouth of Georges Creek,
which stream is entirely within this county. Dun-
lap's Creek and Redstone Creek are both also wholly
witliin the county, from mouth to head-springs. The
iormer enters the Monongahela between the boroughs !
of Brownsville and Bridgeport, and the latter about
one and a quarter miles farther north. Jacob's
Creek, flowing in a westward direction, forms the
northern boundary of Fayette County for a little
more than twenty miles (by its meandering course)
eastward from the point where it enters the Youghio-
gheny River. The other principal tributaries of
that river within the territory of Fayette are Mounts'
Crock, which rises in the mountainous region in the
northeast part of the county, and enters the Youghio-
gheny just below the borough of Connellsville; Indian
Creek, which also takes its rise in the northeastern
highlands, and flows into the river from that direction,
about eight miles above Mounts' Creek ; and Great
Meadow Run, which flows from itssources in the Laurel '



Hill range, first southeasterly, and then towards the
northeast, entering the river through its left bank'near
Ohio Pile Falls. Big Sandy Creek and Little Sandy
Creek rise in the southern part of Fayette, and thence
take a southerly course into West Virginia, where
their waters join those of the Cheat River, and
through it find their way into the Monongahela.

In that part of the county which lies northeast of
the Youghiogheny are two mountain ranges, extend-
ing from Westmoreland County in a direction nearly
south-southwest and parallel with each other to the
river. The more western of the two is called Chest-
nut Ridge, and the other Laurel Hill, the crest of
which latter forms a part of the county boundary
between Fayette and Somerset, the remainder of that
line, about fifteen miles, being marked by the Youghio-
gheny River, as before noticed. The valley between



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 1 of 193)