Franklin T Oldt.

History of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryFranklin T OldtHistory of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) → online text (page 30 of 56)
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absence of such volunteers." (Signed by) H. L. Stout, J. K.
Graves, M. Allison. G. F. Matthews, A. H. Mills, J. C. Chapline,
T. Faherty ; W. W. Mills, secretary.

On April 23 the Governor's Greys and Jackson Guards left for
the rendezvous at Davenport. The Greys headed by the Ger-
mania band marched from their armory about 3 p. m. and waited
a short time below Sixth street for the Jackson Guards. Both
companies as they passed along the streets were surrounded by
hundreds of friends, who were shaking their hands and bidding
them good-bye. At the levee the only open space left by the flood
was crowded with men, women and children, sorrowing and at the
same time rejoicing at the departure of the volunteers. The
troops were soon on board the Alhambra, but the crowd still lin-
gered, cheering and bidding them perhaps a la.st farewell. Amid
the firing of cannon, tiie waving of hands and handkerchiefs and
shouts of "God bless you !" and "Good-bye," the boat steamed out
into the river and started for Davenport. Many tears were shed,
for it was realized that some of the boys would never return. Not
a few of the young soldiers themselves wijied away tears as they
passed along the streets or turned to look for the last time on the



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 263

friends and city they loved so well. One had left a young bride,
another an aged mother, others wives and children, and all left
behind loved ones. There were many full hearts and tearful eyes
tliat memorable day.

The United States marshal notified the Illinois Central Railroad
Company on the 23d to receive no more freight for ports below
Cairo. Illinois. Samuel Osborne, orderly sergeant of the Greys,
was left behind under orders to bring to Davenport, April 27,
fourteen adflitional volunteers. Five printers were with the first
two companies sent off.

When the first two companies departed. Bishop Smyth dismissed
his school and with his own hands hoisted the Stars and Stripes
form the portico of his home. The schoolboys went to the levee
to see the companies depart.

The Stars and Stripes were raised on the new custom house by
W. W. Martin, the contractor, on April 25. By April 26 the roll
of the Washington Guards was about complete. Then Capt. M. M.
Hayden began to reorganize the old City Guards, the oldest mili-
tarv company in the city. He required only sixty-five men to com-
plete the roll. A field piece was to constitute a part of the arms
of this company.

The committee on home guards recommended the organization
of seven companies, as follows: Colonel Heath and Lieutenant
Lenehan, one company; Colonel Ross and Lieutenant Conger, one
company: Major Brodtbeck and Lieutenant West, one company;
Captain Doolittle and Lieutenant Grosvenor, one company ; Colonel
McHenry and Capt. G. O. Karrick, one company; Captain Rubel
and Doctor Blumenauer, one company. It was announced that
all men capable of bearing arms must be enrolled in one of the
companies. At this time tliere were in the city only about eighty
stands of arms, and it was recommended that they should be kept
here for emergencies. It was recommended that Colonel Bates
should act as field marshal of Dubuque county. It was further
recommended that the citizens refrain from angry debate. "The
ship of state is on fire! Let us with one hand and one voice,
shoulder to shoulder and side by side, extinguish the flames, return
it to its original grandeur and nail to its highest mast the Star
Spangled Banner," said the committee.

Concerning this report and tliese singular recommendations the
Herald said: "It places the whole city under military discipline,
military regime, military training, military everything, including
military despotism in prospective. This sort of work has gone on
long enough, and it is time it were ended. Any number of citizens
can organize a home guard for the protection of life and property,
preservation of tlie peace, or as a contingent force for future or
emergency service. This will be the Republican or Democratic
way of doing things and not the despotic as suggested by the com-



264 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

mittee, willi all due deference to them." — {Herald, A\n-i\ 2j,
1861.)

Governor fvirkwood late in Ajiril took dinner in Davenport with
the Greys and Guards at their quarters. He called the Greys a
"bully company." The men were drilled daily many hours and
were very proficient. Their numbers had been increased. They
were without uniforms and camp equipment. At the request of
Governor Kirkvvood citizens of Dubu(|ue interested themselves and
the ladies finally organized and began the task of supplying this
want. The permanent officers of the ladies' society were : Mrs.
J. \V. Taylor, president ; Mrs. H. L. Stout, vice-president ; Mrs.
J. L. Langworthy, chairman ; Mrs. A. Gillespie, secretary. Large
quantities of blankets, socks, handkerchiefs, underclothing, etc.,
were contrilnited by the society. All sewing machines in the city
were put at this service.

The Ladies' Volunteer Labor Society met daily at 9 a. m. and
adjourned at 5 p. m. Over 100 ladies were thus occupied on April
30 — all at work on the soldiers' uniforms and other clothing.
Smith & W'ellington and Mr. Becker cut out the clothing and
superintended the making. They were paid by the government.
The ladies' work was their volunteer offering.

The Volunteer Fund Board reported they had appropriated $8
per week for three families.

Col. George McHenry planned to raise a company of Zouaves.
When he and Capt. G. O. Karrick appeared on the streets, April
29, in Zouave uniforms, they were surrounded by an admiring
and witty crowd. At the Julien House they called for recruits.

The Stars and Stripes were formally hoisted early at Cascade
on a tall pole. The following night someone hauled down the
Hag and raised a dead owl in its place and cut the rope ofi forty
feet from the ground. By May 7, 1861, there had been subscribed
in Dubuque in aid of soldiers' families nearly $6,000.

Powerful and patriotic sermons were delivered in all the
churches of Dubuque during April and May, 1861. Particularly
were the sermons of Bishop Smyth, Mr. Holbrook, Mr. Smith and
others strong and loyal. The former visited the two companies
at Da\-enport and addressed them from the standpoints both of
religion and of patriotic duty.

The ladies to the number of 150 were quartered in Globe Hall
to make the uniforms.

On May 5 the Greys and Guards at Davenport dropped down
the river to Keokuk, where all the First regiment was sent about
the same time. By May 8 the uniforms of the Jackson Guards
were ready to be forwarded to Keokuk, and by the 9th those of
the Greys were ready.

^^rs. A. Gillespie, secretary of the ladies' society, composed



HISTORY Of DUBUQUE COUNTY 265.

about this time tlie following two stanzas intended as an addition
to the "Star Spangled Banner" :

"Rise Sons of the West! In your valor arise!

'Tis Freedom that summons your legions to glory ;
Ring out the glad shout to the echoing skies

And through the wide land send the heart-stirring story.

"To the combat we fly, for the struggle is nigh,
And for God and our country we conquer or die;
That the Star Spangled Banner forever may wave
O'er tiie land of the free and the home of the brave."

D. S. Smith, of Dyersville, said that Captain Moreland, of the
Dyersville Blues, had orders from Colonel Bates to hold the guns
then at Dyersville which had been sent there by Captain Hayden.

A Union meeting was held at the schoolhouse at Center Grove
May 25, 1861, on which occasion a flag was raised on a high pole
and speeches were made by J. B. Bothwell, E. D. Palmer and
George W. Goldthorpe. The flag raised was prepared by young
ladies named Waters, Scott, Palmer, Lackey and others. After
being raised the flag was lowered and draped in mourning for
Colonel Ellsworth.

The uniforms of the first two Dubuque companies cost $1,939.04;
transportation to Davenport, $337; shoes and stockings, $300. In
the first mentioned sum was $208.35 for 200 woolen shirts; $40
for undershirts, and $13.70 for telegrams, etc., in all $261.05,
which deducted from the first amount left $1,677.99 ^s the actual
cost of 205 uniforms.

The citizens of Peosta and Centralia met at the former place
and resolved to formally raise the Stars and Stripes in both towns.
Simeon W. Clark was chairman of the occasion and J. W. Miller
secretary.

"There are rumors that several citizens of Dubuque, some time
absent, and who are known or were supposed to be in the service
or interests of the Confederate army, have been arrested as spies
at Cairo. The rumors are not sufficiently tangible to warrant the
giving of names or the reported circumstances." — {Herald. May
25, 1861.)

The following officers were elected for the Washington Guards
May 25, 1861 : R. G. Herron, captain; D. J. O'Neill, first lieu-
tenant; P. W. Crawford, second lieutenant. It was announced
tiiat the company had been accepted for the Third Iowa infantry.

"Another occasion of deep interest to the patriots of Dubuque
occurred last evening — the departure of three companies of vol-
unteers. Captain Smith's company from Cedar Falls, Captain
Trumbull's com])any from Butler county and the Washington



2tb HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

Guards, one of the beloved companies of Dubuque, have left for
Keokuk — the rendezvous of the three Iowa regiments. The pres-
ence of 600 volunteers one day and of 300 or 400 for a longer
time, had tended to increase the military ardor of our people and
attracted thousands of our citizens to witness the departure of
the third company of Dubuque volunteers. An hour before sunset
the volunteers were assembled in order in Washington Square,
where they were eloquently addressed by Thomas Rogers, Rev.
Mr. Collier, Captain Trumbull and Lieutenant Sessions, after
which the companies marched in handsome style to the levee, ac-
companied by a large concourse of citizens, many of them ladies.
Several thousand then slowly wended their way homeward after
seeing the brave volunteers embark. There were partings of old
friends ; young friendships and affections seemed to grow stronger
on the day of leaving and a thousand fond and tender associations
arose incident to such an occasion. Capt. R. G. Herron and his
Washington Guards swell the number to 300 of the volunteers
who have been organized and drilled here." — {Herald. June 7,
1861.)

The Iowa legislature was called together May 15, 1861. An
attempt here to proscribe business men on account of political
■opinions was disapproved by leaders of all parties and fashions.
About the middle of May, 1861, Col. J. F. Bates, who was a grad-
uate of West Point, was elected colonel of the First Iowa regi-
ment. The Washington Guards were accepted about May 21. The
German citizens gave an entertainment for the benefit of the Jack-
son Guards. William H. Merritt, who became lieutenant-colonel
of the First Iowa, was a graduate of West Point ; so was Capt.
W. W. Barnes. The Herald opposed the Iowa war loan bill, which
called for $800,000. There were here early in June, 1861, about
600 volunteers; three of the companies had come from up the
river, .\bout the middle of June there were here the partly filled
companies of Captain Ross, Captain Markell. Captain Hayden,
and a company of Zouaves made up from the fire companies.
About this time the two Iowa regiments at Keokuk dropped down
the river to Hannibal to be in readiness for General Lyon at St.
Louis. In June Governor Kirkwood ordered the cannon here to
he sent to Keokuk. During the summer of 1861 the Volunteer
Fund Board continued to assist the families of volunteers. The
volunteers under Captain Heath were called Kirkwood Zouaves
in June.

On July 12, 1861, an article signed "Patriot" appeared in the
Times, from which the following are extracts: "To the Lazv-Abid-
ing Citicens of Duhuque. — It is well known to you that there is a
paper published in our midst that is devoted entirely, both in its
editorials and selected matter, to the cause of those who are en-
deavoring to overthrow our government and our liberties. This



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 267

paper, while it professes to be in favor of the Union and denies
being' in favor of secession, yet boldly advocates a recognition
of the Southern Confederacy and opposes 'forcing a government
upon people which they do not desire,' thus giving the lie to its pro-
fessions of Union, a paper which is notoriously in the hands of
a few persons of "gentle southern blood,' who boldly sympathize
with the South and rejoice over any temporary success she may
achieve and who have repeatedly declared their intention of re-
turning to her soil to take arms against our government. * * *
It is well known that this paper is exerting quite a widespread
and seditious influence upon its readers and waxing bolder every
day. * * * Would it not be well for the patriots of this city
to assemble in mass meeting in a ([uiet and orderly manner to
express our indignation and abhorrence of the sentiments of this
paper and its supporters, to declare that such are not the senti-
ments of this community in general, to withdraw our support from
it, both in subscription and in advertising, and to counsel as to
those means which may be riglitly used to rid us of the reproach
and injury its existence brings upon us? That it is our solemn
duty, while our sons and brothers have gone forth to fight the
enemy abroad, to guard against the same enemy at home in what-
ever form he may appear — must be evident to every thoughtful
mind. But let 'all things be done decently and in order.' Let us
then meet at some appropriate time and place, not as partisans, but
as American citizens, and discuss our duty in this respect, to our-
selves and the community. That this is a duty now devolving
upon us is freely admitted by many influential citizens with whom
longer patience has ceased to be a virtue."

In answering this communication the Herald of July 13, 1861,
said : "For the last three months it has been the earnest, constant
and unceasing effort of the Dubuque Times to create and excite
a mob spirit in this city to the commission of violence against the
editor of the Herald and property of this establishment. Although
the evidence against the Times has always been palpable and un-
doubted, it never had the boldness to avow its real wishes till
yesterday, when it gave place in its columns to the publication of
what purports to be a communication. The object of that article
is too apparent to be doubted. It is nothing more nor less than to
destroy this establishment by mob violence." The Herald ex-
pressed the belief that the real reasons for this hostility were its
course toward the State bank and toward a swindling transaction
in Dubuque which had brought the mercantile credit of local busi-
ness men into disgrace in eastern cities. Such persons, it was al-
leged, desired the suppression of the Herald, which opposed their
course and schemes. The Herald further said : "Notwithstand-
ing the efforts of the malignant partisans whose headquarters is
at the Times ofifice and whose mouthpiece that incendiary and



268 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

scurrilous sheet has become, the riot which was designed to come
off and which was no doubt planned in every respect but its actual
performance, did not occur last night, thanks to the good sense
of the gallant volunteers who were expected and designed to be
made the disgraceful instruments of a violation of the law which
tliey have enlisted to keep up arms to enforce and uphold."

Four companies for the Fourth Regiment were here July 12 and
were on their way to join their regiment at Burlington. They
marched through town to Washington Square and made speeches.
They were the men who were expected to wreck the Herald office.
Colonel Sanders came to Dubuque early in August, 1861, as aid
of Governor Kirkwood for the purpose of making arrangements
for the establishment here of Camj) Union for the reception of
two volunteer regiments. The place selected was at the upper
end of the bottom land adjoining Lake Peosta and on an elevation
of thirty to forty feet above it. The soil was sandy, slightly roll-
ing, covered with sod and well ada])ted for the purpose. A narrow
grove extended along the bank of the lake and at its upper end
extended across the whole bottom to the bluff' near the residence
of Mathias Ham. Here the volunteers could have good water,
bathing in summer and ice in winter. The buildings constructed
were 20x60 feet and arranged so as to accommodate 100 men
each. The first troops to enter the camp were the company of
Captain Carpenter from Anamosa, which had previously quar-
tered in the various hotels, etc. Col. W. B. Allison, aid of the
governor, had full authority to complete the arrangements for the
camp. George L. Torbert was commissary. Mr. Holland was
contractor for building the barracks.

In July recruits for the Twelfth or Vandever's regiment were
called for. Captain Thomas thus recruited. Lieutenant Heath
was securing recruits for a cavalry regiment. The Hawkeye State
took away six companies from Dubuque, those from Lansing,
Delhi, Lidependence, Chickasaw, Benton and one other.

When the news of the battle of Bull Run reached here in July
a Federal victory was reported ; when the truth became known all
became much dejected — even the Herald. A sword was presented
by the printers to Capt. V. J. David. On July 26, Colonel Heath's
detachment of cavalry left for Burlington; there were nearly 100
men and about fifty horses; a large crowd gathered to see them
depart. News of the battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, in Au-
gust roused the city. Colonel Vande\-er was authorized to raise a
regiment in the Second congressional district. Captain Coon re-
cruited here in August. Col. W. B. Allison issued urgent calls
for volunteers in August. Captain Washington began to recruit
\olunteers for the Twelfth U. S. in-fantry at this time. On August
22 Captain Hayden's artillery company numbered sixty-eight men.
Coon's cavalry company left .AiTgust 17: a large crowd .saw them



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 269

depart by boat; when half a mile down the river their cheers from
the hurricane deck could still be heard. The First regiment was
mustered out August 20 and the Dubuque company was received
with much pride, enthusiasm and affection.

Main street from Second to Tenth was gaily decorated. Bands,
soldiers and inhabitants to the number of five thousand received
the brave boys at the levee and escorted them to Washington
Square; each soldier was handed a wreath by one of a committee
of little girls. Mr. Wullweber addressed them in German and Mr.
Shiras in English and welcomed them home. Several of the boys
wlio were sick or wounded, among the latter Captain Gottschalk,
rode in carriages. On the stand was a banner with the legend,
"In Memory of McHenry, Rhomberg, Goennel and Jaeggi." The
Herald said. "All day and until late at night groups of ten to one
hundred or more were gathered in the streets surrounding some
soldier and listening to the history of his adventures in the war.
It was indeed the proudest day Dubuque ever knew and thrice
honored and thrice welcome be the brave volunteers who gave
Dubuque the occasion for such a day."

In 1861 cannon were successfully cast in Dubuque. By August
25 seven of the ten barrack buildings at Camp Union were com-
pleted ; three companies were there at this date. On August 26
Colonel Allison called for the loan of blankets for the volunteers
at Camp Union. Wounded soldiers began to arrive in August.
By August 28 there were about six hundred volunteers in Dubuque
and at Cam.p Union. By this time the camp was under perfect
military discipline under Colonel Allison. Late in August Captain
Washington sent from here a dozen recruits for the Thirteenth
United States Regiment. Liquors were forbidden sold in or near
Camp Union. F. B. Wilke, of the Herald, corresponded from
the field. The company of Captain Thomas was about ready late
in August. Dr. McCluer was surgeon at Camp Union. Major
Brodtbeck was a drillmaster at the camp. Colonel Allison bought
two hundred blankets for the Camp Union boys about September i.
The citizens were proud of Captain Hayden's artillery company.
The six companies here in September attended the fair up the
Couler. Col. William \'andever was present on horseback. The
County Board, in September, ordered a full record spread on its
records of Companies H and I of the First Iowa.

In September the circulation of the Dubuque Herald was inter-
dicted at St. Louis : the editor charged this act to political enemies.
In August, 1861, Lieutenant King recruited here twenty-two men
for the regular army. An immense excursion from the back coun-
ties came here to see the volunteers about September i. Captain
Washington became mustering officer for Camp Union. Captain
Hayden's company was mustered September 3. About this time
five hundred dollars was raised by subscription for a monument to



270 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

the soldiers. D. A. Mahony, editor of the Herald, accused Presi-
dent Lincohi of subverting the Constitution and establisliing a
military despotism. The talk of a draft in September caused ex-
citement among the aliens who had long mascjueraded as full-fledged
citizens; they began to move in the direction of Canada. Lieu-
tenant Howard, in September, recruited men for the engineer
regiment.

By September 14, 1861, there had been expended by the volun-
teer fund board about one thousand eight hundred dollars on nearly
sixty families. Of these there were about twenty-five families
which had no other means of subsistence.

Dubuque, Iowa, Sept. 14, 1861.
D. A. Mahony, Esq., Dubuque, Iowa :

Dear Sir. — I have seen in the newspapers of the State and heard
through other sources that the loyalty of yourself and others asso-
ciated with you has been douljted, and that your influence has been
adverse to enlistments in the regular army and in the volunteer
service. I therefore ask whether I understand your position cor-
rectly — that you are ready to devote your energies to put down
rebellion — to sustain the Union and put forth your best efforts to
aid me in raising a regiment from this State to go forth in defense
of a country whose flag is the emblem of freedom and the defender
of the oppressed of every clime. It is not my desire to enter into
personal feuds or private quarrels and I care nothing about the
past (either personal or political preferences). I only ask that all
shall now rallv in defense of liberty and law. I request a free and
frank expression of your sentiments. Yours truly,

N. B. Baker, Adj. Gen. of Iowa.

To this communication Mr. Mahony replied at length, from
which the following is an extract: "I reply to your enquiry re-
specting my position by saying that my services are at your com-
mand as the representative of the government to aid in raising a
regiment from this State or in any other way that they may be
best employed to put down rebellion, to sustain the Union, to defend
the country and to make the American flag respected whether
abroad or at home." — (Herald, September 17, 1861.)

An immense war meeting was held here September 16, 1861,
on the occasion of the visit of .Vdjt. Gen. Baker. It was held at
the courthouse and was \'ery enthusiastic. The principal speakers
were General Baker, J. L. Harvey and C. J. Rogers. Col. William
Vandever commanded the Ninth Iowa Regiment here at Camp
Union. .^ new impetus was given to recruiting by the order to
raise an additional regiment. Mechanics, farmers, miners, etc.,
were to be found ;it tlic recruiting offices, it was noted.



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 271

Dubuque, Iowa, Sept. 16, 1861.
Rt. Rev. Bishop Smyth, Dubuque, Iowa :

Dear Sir. — I am fully aware of the loyal and patriotic sentiments
which animate your bosom in this trying hour of our nation's
history. I am also aware of your repugnance to interfere with
matters not connected with the duties of your holy office. I know,
however, that a public expression of your sentiments would have a
decided influence on public opinion in favor of the cause of the
Union, which is the cause of liberty and law, justice and humanity.

With great respect and esteem, Yours truly,

N. B. Baker, Adjt. Gen. of Iowa.

Dubuque, Sept. 17.

Hon. Sir and Dear Friend. — I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your esteemed favor of the i6th inst. and agree with
you in saying that the cause of the Union is the cause of law, of



Online LibraryFranklin T OldtHistory of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) → online text (page 30 of 56)