Franklin T Oldt.

History of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryFranklin T OldtHistory of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) → online text (page 32 of 56)
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— {Herald. July 18. 1862.)

"The arrival in this city of several cases, amounting, it is said, to
a thousand stand of arms and a quantity of ammunition, fixed as
well as loose, has afforded the malignants an opportunit}' to found
upon this circumstance the most alarming rumors and to create a
feverish anxiety if not an intense excitement in the public mind.
The government can ill afford to have public opinion excited against
it at this time, and therefore it becomes it to discountenance the
malicious partisanship which alarms the public mind with fears for
the security of persons who are alleged to be inimical to the govern-
ment by their political adversaries. This is no time to permit or


encourage trifling with personal rights either of liberty or of prop-
erty, for a word untitly spoken, or an act needlessly or heedlessly
committed, might plunge this whole State, if not the whole North-
west, into the horrors of civil war. He who becomes the means of
producing such a stale of things is, we need not say, the worst as
well as the most dangerous enemy of his country and of his race.
Let the government act openly and trustfully with the people and
permit no one to make it appear otherwise than it should do in its
relations to any individual, and a world of trouble will be pre-
vented : but if it should subject itself to this gviidance of the fa-
natics hereaway, it will inevitably find itself involved in a conflict
which might prove to become irresistible. We kindly, calmly but
firmly, warn our rulers and those who have become the minions of
power that thrift may follow fawning, to beware of their course
in relation to the rights of the people. There is no need of a con-
flict between the government and the people in the exercise of their
respective rights; neither should infringe upon or violate the rights
of the other. To do so at this time by either government or people
might result in the worst possible consequences." — {Herald, July
31, 1862.)

"The fairest way to raise troops is by drafting. There are m
this city at least a hundred partisan leaders who are urging every
Democrat thev meet to go to war, but not one of whom volunteers
himself to go. It is amusing to see our Stouts, Langworthys, Alli-
sons, Adamses and other leading Republicans running to and fro
urging their poorer neighbors to go to war. If they will not, let
them take their chances at the time of drafting." — (Herald, July
30, 1862.)

Late in July, 1862, the Chicago Journal and other journals of the
West called upon the government to suppress the Herald and thrust
its editors into "a safe military prison or to furnish them with a
pass to the Southern Confederacy." "Its sedition is open and
shameless." — "A falsehood." replied the Herald. "It does all in its
power to discourage enlistments and to dampen the ardor of the
people." — "That is a lie," said the Herald.

"We are pretty reliably informed that a number of young men
left this city Monday niorning to escape the consequences of a
draft and that more are intending to go in a day or two. We have
heard both Democratic and Republican names spoken of in this
connection. * * * It is the duty of every man to stop and meet
it like a man. * * * We implore every man to remain where he
is and meet the issues. There should be no fear of an unfair draft.
We will not insult the authorities by premising that such an infamy
will be undertaken, but if it should'be, the place to meet it is here.
A draft to be binding on any of us must be fair, above suspicion
and legal in every particular." — {Herald. August 5, 1862.)

".Another 300,000! — It will be seen by the news from Washing-


ton that a call for three hundred thousand more men has been
issued by the Secretary of War in addition to the three hundred
thousand required by a recent proclamation. This news spread
consternation through this city yesterday and set even fanatics to
reflecting upon the state of the country and its probable fate." —
{Herald, August 6, 1862.) "Recruiting officers flaunt their flags
from almost every block in the city." — {Herald, August 6, 1862.)

In July draft evaders again became alarmed and prepared to
leave for Canada. A printer named Lambert enlisted men for a
typo-battalion at Chicago. The Herald assumed that drafting
would be partial, one-sided and of Democrats only. Much help
was given to soldiers' families. "Every cord of wood given to
soldiers' families was recorded above," it was paragraphed. When
the Irish regiment was first talked of Mahony signified his willing-
ness to assist, but when it was decided that he should not become
its colonel his ardor cooled. Lieutenant Flint recruited for the
Twenty-first Regiment in July and August. Under the new call
"Dubuque was the only backward county in the State and has done
nothing as yet toward filling her quota, offering bounties, or kin-
dling a patriotic fire." — {Herald, August 5, 1862.) On August 4
the Ladies' Volunteer Aid Society sent a large box of hospital
stores to Keokuk by the steamer Canada. Shubael P. Adams
was an unflinching Union man. Sam Osborn, William Coates, A.
Y. McDonald and C. Hill, the first two of whom had served with
the First Regiment, were authorized to raise volunteers in August.
Captain Horton enlisted fifty sharpshooters by August 11. By
this time the city and county were alive with meetings to secure

"Various and discouraging will be the difficulties in the way of
successfully drafting the required number of men in this part of
the country for war purposes. The severe ailments, hereditary,
chronic and otherwise which now afflict such large numbers of our
community is frightful to think of. Men supposed to be in the
prime of manhood have within ten days fallen into the 'sere and
yellow leaf with amazing rapidity and in astonishing quantities.
Old crutches have been scoured up and are now about ready for
action. Some men are lame, blind, have springhalt, spasms,
consumption, heaves and much general debility ; others are troubled
with a sort of insanity which induces them to imitate gophers and
ground moles, by burrowing in mineral holes. The doctors and
apothecaries are absolutely overrun with applications for advice
and medicines. * * * The report that those persons who have
gone to Canada will be delivered up by the British government to
ours, may prove true; if so, these late emigrants to that country
will be in a beautiful fix." — {Herald. August 10, 1862.)

"Recruiting. — This city is all ablaze with recruiting. There are
some fifteen recruiting offices already and more are in contempla-


lion. General Harrison has some sixty names on his roll. The
general takes the right way to secure recruits. He is not like
most of those who address war meetings and who make huncombe
speeches." — (Herald, August 12, 1862.)

"Troops are arriving by nearly every boat and train whicli. with
those eight hundred Enfield rifles brought over yesterday from
Dunleith, give the city a war-like appearance. All day long and
half the night the roll of drums and the shrieking fife salute the
ear. Captain Horr arrived from Epworth yesterday with a squad
of recruits which will make, with these he has already recruited, a
very respectable company." — (Herald, August 13, 1862.)

On Thursday, August 13, 1862, at about 3:30 A. M., Mr. Ma-
hony was roused at his residence by loud knocking, and peering
from an upper window, saw se\-eral armed men at the door and
others near. Thinking that a mob had come to attack him, he
gave a loud shout to rouse the neighbors and withdrew his head.
Deputy Marshal P. H. Conger then came forward and told him
that he was there to arrest him and for him to come down and open
the door. Mr. Mahony at once complied. He was immediately
marched to the steamer Bill Henderson at the levee. He was
treated courteously and permitted to see his friends. The arrest
caused considerable excitement on the streets and much satisfaction
to his enemies in all parts of the State when the news became gen-
erally known. He was arrested under a late general order of the
War Department.

On Board Steamer Bill Henderson at Dubuque, April 14,

To THE People of the State of Iowa:

Readers of the Herald and fellozi'-citicens of lozva. — I have been
arrested this morning by an arbitrary order from the War Depart-
ment, on what grounds I know not, except it be for the expression
of my sentiments through the Dubuque Herald, sentiments which,
as true as God lives, I believe to be loyal to the Constitution of my
country. I have only to commend my wife and children to your
care and protection.

Your friend and fellow-citizen,
D. A. Mahony.

Stilson Hutchins, of the Herald staff, said, "The principles whicii
the Herald enunciated and supported, it does not shrink from now.
Neither does Mr. Mahony. That he is loyal to the Constitution
and the laws we believe as heartily as we believe that we exist.
There is no probal)ilitv of the suppression of this ]iaper: we have
that assurance from the proper authorities." — (Herald, August 15,

"For Congress. — The feeling in favor of Mr. Mahony for Con-
gress has been excited rather than depressed by his arrest, and we


may now look upon his nomination as a foregone conclusion. * * *
We hope, perhaps without reason, for his speedy acquittal just so
soon as it shall be known that his arrest has been brought about by
malice and not on account of any violation of law." — {Herald,
August 15, 1862.)

"Volunteers. — We visited such of the recruiting offices in this
city yesterday as we could find occupied for the purpose of ascer-
taining the number of men at each, and our investigations resulted
as follows: Messrs. Osborn and Swivel had about 100 men; Gen-
eral Harrison, about 80; Captain Horton, about 80; Leonard Horr,
75 ; Captain Greaves, about 50; Messrs. Dixon and Mills, about 35 ;
and probably among all other officers, 50 more — in all, probably
450 men. Besides these, a considerable number have joined the
regulars." — {Herald, August 17, 1862.)

"Mr. Mahony is still stopping at the Burtis House under official
charge. He was to have gone to Iowa City yesterday, but differ-
ent arrangements were made ; General Baker went out in the morn-
ing and it is thought that he and the Governor will be in tonight." —
(Davenport News, August 16, 1862.)

"Excitement. — Nothing is so well calculated to make things move
in a lively manner as excitement, unless it be a little more excite-
ment. Our streets are full of people, one-half military, one-half
want to be, and the rest entertaining desires of the same kind.
Martial music is heard in every direction, including up and down ;
flags are fluttering gaily in the breeze and patriotic excitement
reigns supreme. The question of drafting has wholly been ab-
sorbed in the greater matter of military arrests. The number of
good citizens of our city reported under arrest yesterday was truly
enormous, many of whom remain ignorant even this morning of
the perilous predicaments in which rumor placed them." — {Herald,
August 19. 1862.)

On Sunday evening August 17, 1862, John Strohl, a farmer
residing near Centralia, Dubuque county, was arrested at his resi-
dence shortly after his return from church by Deputy Marshal
Conger and Lieutenant Duffy. Rumor said he had organized a
company of his neighbors and armed them for the purpose of
resisting the collection of the war tax; that he opposed drafting;
that he was preparing to rescue Mr. Mahony, and that he discour-
aged enlistments. All this was denied. Mr. Strohl was brought
to Dubuque and permitted to stop at the house of a friend on his
own parole. He was treated with great courtesy and was per-
mitted to go home upon his promise to report again at Dubuque at
a stated time when called upon to do so.

Volunteers raised by Osborne and Swivel were united ; also those
raised by Horr and Harrison. Captain Dixon called for recruits
for Herron's Rifles. At this time the camp here was called Frank-
lin. Numerous war meetings were held throughout the county.


August 15 was fixed as the day for the draft, but the date was
postponed. Captain Harrison's company left about August 16,
1862. By August 18 the barracks at Camp Frankhn (old Camp
Union) were nearly completed. Meetings to raise volunteers for
the Irish regiment were held throughout the county, but progress
was slow ; there seemed to be a prejudice against the regiment.
Captain Horr's company was complete about August 18. For a
time, in order to stop, if possible, the exodus to escape the draft,
])ersons crossing the river were required to secure a pass from
Marshal Conger. As fast as the companies were ready they went
to Camp Franklin to drill and become accustomed to camp life.
Henry O'Connor and John O'Neill were talked of for colonel of
the Irish regument. In a letter to the Herald of August 21, Mr.
Mahony merely and generally reaffirmed his former views.

On August 19, 1862, the county board "Resolved, That the sum
of fifty dollars be appropriated by this board to be paid in county
warrants to each and every volunteer who may enlist hereafter,
and until September i next, in the service of the United States as a
volunteer soldier to the credit of Dubuque county, the said sum
to be paid in such manner as the board may prescribe. And this
board pledges itself to ratify and carry out at its next regular
session this resolution in letter and spirit. Cort, Kitler and Ma-
comber were the only members of the county board to vote against
the above resolution. The Times declared that the result of the
arrest of Mahony and others was the passage of the above resolution
and the great improvement in recruiting. Storr and Karrick
recruited men in August. By August 22 the Twenty-first Regi-
ment (Herron's) was nearly completed. About August 20 Gov-
ernor Kirkwood appointed the following draft officers for this
locality : John L. Harvey, commissioner ; C. J. Cummings, enroll-
ing oflicer; Dr. Lewis, surgeon.

"Recruiting. — We learn that so rapidly have recruits been raised
that there are now in this congressional district more than the num-
ber required to fill our projiortion of the first three hundred thou-
sand men called for, and there is every indication that our entire
quota of the six hundred thousand will be ready by the ist of Sep-
tember, volunteering thereby obviating the necessity of drafting." —
{Herald, August 20, 1862.) "Negro-Mania on the Brain. — This
horrible disease has broken out in our midst and promises to assume
every type from the mildest to the most dangerous and incurable
form," said the Herald of August 29, 1862. A Herald carrier
tried to circulate that paper in Camp Franklin, but was kicked out
of the camp by Company B of Clayton county.

D. A. Mahony was taken to Washington, D. C, and confined in
the old capitol pri.son. The appearance of enrolling officers all
over the countv caused much excitement late in August ; no serious
opposition was offered except in two or three instances. Horr's,


Harrison's and Swivel's companies were in the Twenty-first Regi-
ment. Tlie Indian trouble in Minnesota engrossed attention in
the fall of 1862. By August 28 there were five full companies
quartered at hotels and boarding houses, waiting for the next call.
Dr. Lewis was besieged for exemption permits. Lieutenant Duffy
took away fifteen recruits for the Thirteenth United States Regi-
ment late in August. About this time Governor Kirkwood wrote
John O'Neill that he would approve an order from the War Depart-
ment authorizing the latter to raise an Irish regiment. It was at
this time also that a petition asking for an emancipation proclama-
tion as a military necessity was circulated here and numerously

Rev. Mr. Holbrook called in person upon President Lincoln late
in August and urged him to seize the present opportunity to declare
the slaves of Rebels free. The Herald ridiculed the movement,
asking how the government could make them free when the south-
ern States were in possession of the Rebels. J. B. Dorr raised
recruits for the Twenty-first Regiment. Lieutenant Dewey secured
more recruits for the regular service. Late in August it was
announced that two more regiments would be recruited at Dubuque
— Twenty-seventh and Thirty-second.

"We think if a little time be given for volunteering that not only
will our entire quota be full but that the Irish regiment will be
organized. Let us have an opportunity by all means, and we will
see what can be done." — {Herald, August 30, 1862.)

Late in August David S. Wilson was commissioned major of
the Irish regiment to be raised. At this time the government
bounty was $104 and the county bounty $50. The total exempts
August 3 1 were as follows : Physical disability, 366 ; aliens, 267 ;
under and over age, 103; firemen, 88; ferrymen, etc., 15; total,
837. The following was the report of the enrolling officer Septem-
ber I, 1862:

September, 1862. Militia.

First Ward 647

Second Ward 469

Third Ward 628

Fourth Ward 722

Fifth Ward 482

Julien Twp 314

Total 3262

Mosalem 168

Iowa 165

Taylor 281

Prairie Creek 160

Concord 188




for war.




























. .




















. .







New Wine 354

Dodge 148

Jefferson 312

Vernon 213

White Water 216

Washington 201

Liberty 263

Cascade 215

Table Mound 197

Peru 165

Center 237

Total 6745 953 107 92

In September Conday, Duffy and O'Brien recruited for tlie Irish
regiment. The Iowa Army Sanitary Commission had a branch
here in September. The Herald said the progressive steps of Abo-
litionism were emancipation, confiscation, extermination and damna-
tion. By September 2 the Twenty-seventh Regiment was full.
Large sums of money were paid out for bounty. V. J. Williams
became colonel of the Twenty-seventh ; he had fought at Wilson's
Creek. The pass system to catch "skedaddlers" from the draft
was enforced again at the levee early in September; but the exodus
continued at night in yawls. In September. 1862, the county board
refused to make an appropriation for the support of soldiers' fam-
ilies. An immense emancipation meeting early in September, called
by Rev. Holbrook and others, was largely attended and very urgent
and enthusiastic. Bailey, Langworthy, Bissell and Cram prepared
a petition to President Lincoln to free the slaves. D. S. Wilson
became colonel of the Sixth Iowa Cavalry. County bounty fifty-
dollar warrants were worth about forty-five dollars. On Septem-
ber 16 the Twenty-first Regiment left Dubuque in a drenching rain;
thousands gathered to see them depart. The Irish regiment was
called the Forty-second ; George M. O'Brien became its colonel.
On September 16 Governor Kirkwood announced there would be
no general draft. A mass meeting of men opposed to emancipa-
tion was held about the middle of September. Mr. Mahony, it
was announced, was obliged to wait until a military commission
had been appointed to try his case. W. B. Allison, in a public speech,
called Mahony a traitor, whereupon the Herald lampooned Allison.
George W. Beaubicn made saddles, bridles, spurs, etc., for the

By September 20. 1862. Dubuque had furnished the following
volunteers : First Iowa, two companies under Captains Herron
and Gottschalk ; Third, one company under Capt. R. G. Herron ;
Ninth, a company under Captain Thomas and Hayden's Battery
of one liundrcd and forty men; Twelfth, two companies under Cap-


tains Plater and Vanduzee ; Curtis' Horse, two companies recruited
here; First or Second Cavalry, one company under Captain Coon;
Sixteenth, two companies under Captains Ruhl and Newcomb;
Twenty-first, four companies under Captains Greaves, Swivel, Horr
and Harrison. Captain David raised about seventy men for the
Twenty-first Iowa Battery. Regular army : two companies secured
by Lieutenant King, one company by Lieutenant Newberry, one
company by Lieutenant Dewey, two companies by Captain Wash-
ington, one company by Captain York ; Captain Woodman was
now raising another company. Not all of the above companies
came from Dubuque county; particularly those for the regular
army came from all parts of this congressional district. Mark
Smith made clothing for the soldiers. W. H. Peabody bought
horses for the army. Late in September three regiments partly
completed were at Camp Franklin. Markell and Williams raised
sharpshooters in September and October. Trouble between Colonel
Brush and the Thirty-eighth Regiment caused Governor Kirkwood
to put Lieutenant Colonel Hughes in command in October. By
October 5 Sixth Cavalry had six full companies. The Twenty-
seventh Regiment was ordered to Spirit Lake in October to hold the
Sioux in check ; they received 750 muskets, 120 Enfield rifles, and
87,000 rounds of ammunition. Four companies left for St. Paul
to reinforce General Pope ; the others followed a few days later :
all went by the steamers Northern Light, Itasca and Flora.

"The time has come when we can no longer shut our eyes and
hope for better things at the hands of the dominant party. This
war is to be waged for partisan purposes. To save the Union is
not a part of their design, but to cHvide and destroy it is their aim.
This war, which we are told by Abolitionists, is being conducted to
put down the rebellion, is in reality to further their mad schemes
of negro emancipation and negro equality. " — {Herald. October 8,

On October 26 Governor Kirkwood was here and reviewed the
soldiers at Camp Franklin; he called on Bishop Smyth. On this
date the Herald said that Lieutenant Dewey was the most success-
ful recruiting officer ever here ; within one year he secured about
five hundred volunteers for the Regular Army, usually in small
squads. A row at Camp Franklin resulted in the death of one sol-
dier and the wounding of several others. The Silver Greys, eighty-
four men, under Captain West, left for Davenport October 17; they
were all over forty-five years. The citizens here did not properly
care for the volunteers at Camp Franklin ; many coinplaints arose ;
late in October about eighty were sick, mostly with measles and
light fevers ; a few of the worst cases were sent to private houses ;
several deaths occurred. Peter Kiene, Jr., was wounded at Corinth,
captured, taken to Vicksburg, and finally paroled ; he was warmly
welcomed upon his arrival home, his death having been reported.


By November 4 the Thirty-eighth Regiment was full, but over-
coats and arms were yet to come. The removal of McClellan in
November was declared to be a great mistake by the Herald. It
was proposed by the Times to ascertain the property of Rebels here
and confiscate the same. Mr. Mahony was discharged by the
War Department about November 12, 1862; his friends gave him
a rousing reception upon his return to Dubuque ; he was met at the
ferry and welcomed in a speech by Ben. M. Samuels ; bonfires were
lighted on the bluffs, buildings were decorated, and he was carried
on the shoulders of enthusiastic admirers; at First street men took
the places of the horses and drew his carriage up Main street and
on others around to his residence on Bluff street. At the stand in
\Vashington Square he was welcomed by Judge Wilson. Samuels
and O'Neill. IVIr. Mahony replied and stated that he would advo-
cate the same policy he had formerly supported. When the Ma-
hony procession passed the Times office all lights were extinguished
and sepulchral groans came from the darkness. At the reception
the Times employes and others s]Mked the cannon and hid the bar-
rels of tar intended for the illumination.

"The captains of two of the companies of the Thirty-eighth Regi-
ment, which left town Monday, ordered their companies to halt in
front of the Herald office and give three groans, which they did.
Many of these men are those who have been guilty of acts of
rowdyism and vandalism lately. They can never forgive us for the
exposure of their cowardice." — (Herald, November 18, 1862.)

Online LibraryFranklin T OldtHistory of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) → online text (page 32 of 56)