Franklin T Oldt.

History of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) online

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428 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

C. J. Peterson (who was chosen president), E. W. Munn, E. L.
Clark, J. B. Clark and J. V. Conzett. The Dubnque County Medi-
cal Society had a fine banquet at the Lorimier House in 1892. Dr.
Brownson was county physician in 1893. The sixtli annual meet-
ing of the Cedar Valley Medical Society met here in October, 1893.
All were invited to visit Finley Hospital. Retiring President
Bigelow read a paper on "Fractures of Elbow Joints." Drs. Heus-
tis and Kinnier conducted a twenty-minute eye clinic. Dr. N. J. J.
Muller, of Dj'ersville. was elected vice-president. In 1893 T. W.
Ruete, of Dubuque, was chosen president of the Pharmaceutical
Association of Iowa. The Wilson Medical Institute was established
at Dubuque in 1893 for the treatment of the eye, ear, nose, throat,
lungs, skin, blood, nerves, etc. Dr. J. W. Fowler became health
officer in 1893.

The eighth annual report of Dr. Brownson in 1894 showed he had
treated during the year 833 patients ; he had served acceptably since
1888. At the June ( 1894) meeting of the Dubuque Medical So-
ciety the following doctors were present : Asa Horr, J. S. Lewis,
J. F. McCarthy, F. W. Wieland, F. H. Holland, Cooper Walsh, J.
R. Guthrie, J. W. Heustis, M. E. Connolly, J. H. Greene, W. H.
Kinnier, I. S. Bigelow, J. E. Magvure, Ben Michel, W. P. Slattery,
C. H. Hamilton and George ^linges.

The Dubuque Medical Society assembled in January, 1897.
There were present among others : J. W. Heustis, president ; Ben
Michel, first vice-president ; J. C. Dennison, second vice-president ;
F. W. Wieland. secretary; Nancy M. Hill, treasurer; Ben Michel,
librarian ; William Watson. M. E. Connolly and J. S. Lewis,
censors. They discussed a proposed law to stop itinerant practice
and aimed particularly at the osteopaths. Drs. Bready. Michel and
Heustis were appointed a committee to confer with the legis-
lature in favor of the proposed law.

In 1897 and 1898 Dr. J. E. Maguire served as county physician.
In April. 1898, the sixth annual session of the Tri-State Medical
Society met here. Dr. George M. Staples died here in 1899. He
was educated in Maine, came here in 1856 and served as surgeon of
the Fourteenth Iowa Regiment.

In 1900 a new ordinance provided for a board of health, consist-
ing of five members. They were chosen and at once took effective
steps to correct many evils. In 1902 an epidemic of typhoid fever
.showed there was much yet to be done to prevent disease. It was
difficult to learn the source of the fever — city water, or well water,
or otherwise. This year also smallpox again appeared, but was
soon banished by the health board. The Dental Club of Iowa began
to hold sessions about this time. Dr. George A. Minges was presi-
dent of the Dubuque Medical Society in 1904. In 1905 this society
was reorganized under the new state constitution. The new officers
were: George Minges, president; James Alderson, vice-president;



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 429

M. J. A. Muellen, second vice-president ; Anna Odell, secretary ;
Lily Kinnier, treasurer; James R. Guthrie, librarian and delegate
to the State Society ; John Hancock, I. S. Bigelow and A. H. Block-
linger, trustees; J. R. Guthrie, John S. Lewis and J. H. Greene,
censors.

The annual meeting of 1906 was interesting, instructive and
largely attended. Many inu^wrtant papers were read. A clinic at
Farley Hospital was an interesting feature. Among those present
were : H. B. Gratiot, J. R. Guthrie, B. Michel, J. S. Lewis, E. R.
Lewis, J. C. Hancock, Nancy Hill, George Minges, C. A. Snyder, L
S. Bigelow, J. H. Greene, C. H. Hamilton, Charles Lenehan, Mary
Killeen, J. E. Bready, Dr. Myers, J. W. Heustis, W. L. Becker,
Joseph Rowan, T. H. Hefferman, W. P. Slattery, F. W. Wieland,
O. E. Haisch, Dr. Schrup, Dr. Pond and Dr. Linehan. Dr. Reynor,
of Epworth, and C. A. Kearney, of Farley, were present.

Drs. W. P. Slattery. Mary Killeen and L S. Bigelow were the
committee on arrangements, and much of the success of the meet-
ing was due to their efiforts. The new officers were : L S. Bigelow,
president; Mary Killeen, secretary; Lily Kinnier, treasurer.

In 1906 an epidemic of grip afflicted the city. In June, 1907, the
most notable array of physicians ever assembled in Dubuque met
and the visitors were welcomed by Dr. William P. Slattery.
Numerous papers on specialties and successes were read and dis-
cussed. Finley Hospital was one of the centers of interest.

At the meeting of June, 1907, there were present : H. B. Gratiot,
J. W. Heustis, J. I. Lewis, I. S. Bigelow, J. H. Greene, F. W.
Wieland, Ben Michel, J. R. Guthrie. G. W. Minges, C. H. Ham-
ilton, Nancy Hill, Dr. Hefferman. Dr. Cowan, J. F. McCarthy, Dr.
Thompson, J. E. Costello, of Zwingle, and F. Reyner, of Epworth.

In 1908 the society endorsed the Visiting Nurses' Association.
In March of this year it seemed as if half of the people were unwell
with colds and grip at one time. Dr. Alphons Matthews, an old
physician of Dubuque, passed away after an active and useful pro-
fessional career. The Iowa State Association of Nurses held their
annual meeting here in 1909. In May of this year the Iowa Medi-
cal Woman's Association held a convention in this city. They made
a severe attack on osteopathy. Dr. Allen Staples was president of
the Dubuque Medical Society in 1909. Dr. C. M. Linehan was
county physician. The resident physicians of Dubuque in 1909
were, as follows :

Adams, Omer G. W. Boothby, J. M.

Alderson, James Bray, Nicholas

Becker, William L. Bready, John E.

Bigelow, Isaac S. Brownson, John J.

Blech, G. O. Brownson, Orestes A.

Blocklinger, A. H. Engelken, L. H.



430



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY



Fowler. John W.
Gratiot, H. B.
Green, Joel H.
Guthrie, James R.
Haisch, Otto E.
Hamilton, C. H.
Hancock, John C.
Harris, R. R.
Hefferman, T. H.
Heles, John B.
Heustis, J. W.
Hilger, Francis J.
Hill. Nancy M.
Jackson, E. R.
Kempf, Otto
Keogh. J. V.
i\illeen, Mary
Kinnier, Lily
Kinnier, William H.
Lang\vorth3% Henry G.
Lewis, Eugene R.
Lewis, John S.
Linehan, Charles M.
Linehan, Mathias D.



Lindsay, Samuel S.
Loizeaux, Charles E.
Maguire, John E.
Melhop, C. W.
Merdanian, S. K.
Meyers, Frank W.
Michel, Bernard
Minges, George
Moes, Mathias J.
Nitzsche, Robert E.
Oaks, John F.
Palen, Charles
Pond, A. M.
Reinicke, Edward L.
Rowan, Joseph J. J.
Schrup, Joseph H.
Slattery, William P.
Snyder, Charles A.
Staples, G. Allen.
Sumpmann, H. A.
Walker, John M.
Walker & Walker
Wieland, Frank W.



THE PROTESTANTS.

THE first Protestant sermon delivered in Dubuque was by Rev.
A. Kent, a Methodist missionary, in August, 1833. The
first house for religious worship in Dubuque was a Metho-
dist chapel, erected in 1834. It was built of hewn logs and
was 20x26 feet in size and was used as a church, school house and
a court house for several years. The first preacher stationed here
was Rev. N. S. Bastion, who was once missionary to Africa. He
was soon succeeded by Rev. H. W. Reed. This old house, remod-
eled and relocated, was still in existence just before the Civil War
and was used as a dwelling. Its successor was the Centenary
building, commenced in 1839 and named because built 100 years
after Wesley's chapel. The Catfish and Cedar Grove churches,
about two miles from town, were offshoots of this congregation.
The latter was organized in 1852 and the church was dedicated
the following year. A German Methodist church was organized
in 1848 and worshiped in a house on Clay street.

Rev. Barton Randall, a Methodist clergyman, and Rev. John T.
Mitchell, superintendent of missions of the Methodist church, vis-
ited Dubuque in the summer of 1834, held a quarterly meeting and
administered the sacrament. In the fall of 1834, Rev. Nicholas S.
Bastion was appointed by the Methodist conference at a meeting
held at Mt. Carmel, Illinois, as the first regular "missionary to Du-
buque mission, Dubuque Lead Mines, upper Mississippi river,
Michigan Territory." Mr. Bastion remained a year at Dubuque,
preaching on the Sabbath and teaching school during the week in
the Methodist church building. . Mr. Bastion, together with Wood-
bury Massey, John Johnson, Mrs. Lockwood and others, continued
the first Sabbath school in Iowa, it having been organized in 1834
by Rev. Mr. Randall. In the fall of 1835 ^^- Bastion transferred
his school to a place about ten miles west of Dubuque. He was
thus the first preacher and the first teacher in Dubuque county out-
side the limits of Dubuque city and in all northern Iowa. — (Cor.
E. & H., August 13, 1858.)

Dubuque, Iowa, May i, 1835.
To Major T. C. Legate,

Agent Upper Mississippi Lead Mines.

The undersigned, on behalf of the trustees of the Methodist
Episcopal church of Dubuque, hereby apply for permission to oc-
cupy the square of ground on which said church is built, said

431



432 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

square having been laid off by a committee appointed l)v a meet-
ing of the citizens of the place acting under the authority of the
assistant superintendent of the United States Lead Mines for the
purposes of church and school houses.

Woodbury Massey,
One of the Trustees of the Methodist
Episcopal Church of Dubuque.

Authority is hereby given to occupy the land above described and
for the purposes therein nained. Th. C. Legate,

Galena, May 7, 1835. Major U. S. Army, Supt. Lead Mines.

"1834. Subscriptions for chapel for the Methodist Episcopal
church in the town of Dubuque. Plan of the house, to be built of
hewn logs, 20x26 feet in the clear, one story, ten feet high, lower
and upper floors and shingled roof, walls painted with lime and
sand, one batten door, four twenty-light and one twelve-light win-
dows; cost estimated for completing in good style, $225. The
above house is built for the Methodist Episcopal church, but when
not occupied by said church shall be open for divine service by
other Christian denominations and may be used for a common
school at the discretion of the trustees. Woodbury Massey, John
Johnson, William Hillery, Marcus Atchison and Orin Smith are
the board of trustees who are authorized to receive subscriptions
and control the interests of the said house for the uses above men-
tioned."

"Received of the trustees of the Methodist Episcopal church the
sum of two hundred and fifty-five dollars in full for building a
Methodist church in the town of Dubuque, agreeable to contract,
this third day of Septeinber, 1834.

"P. Smith
"William Clark."

It was claimed that by verbal promises of the minister and mem-
"bers at the time the subscription was raised the uses were greatly
extended, but the documents showed that the church authorities
surrendered even more than was promised in the subscription state-
■ment.

"I understand that the building in this place, used by the county
as a court and by the Methodists as a meeting house, was built
by contribution and that it was designed by the contributors to be
free to all sects of Christians without distinction. What are the
facts in the case?" — (Inquirer in Iowa Ncivs, August 6, 1837.)

Among the subscribers to the Methodist church fund were the
following:



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY



433



J. Johnson
Jacob Sloven
E. Lockwood
A. Morgan
Mr. Glockler
Mr. Shun
Charles Miller
W. Massey
W. Hillery
M. L. Atchison
M. L. Prentice
Jolin Levi
Simeon Clark
Thomas Child
Mr. Weggil
William Vaughan
Caroline Boody
L. Everett
John Wharton



Walton Baker
Samuel Walsh
George Peacock
J. Durall
David Slater
John Smoker
J. B. Webber
Wm. Mattox
J. L. Young
Mr. Hickey
Warner Lewis
H. T. Camp
J. B. Stoddard
Paid in dishes
S. D. Green
H. Portzer
W. Lockwood
P. O'Mara
L. E. Jackson



H. Gilbert

Mrs. Jordan

G. W. Jordon

L. Wheeler

J. Stoddard

G. S. Booth

Louis Bleau

N. Morgan

J. P. Cobb

A. Wilson

Mr. Shadvvick

T. Whitesides

Baker&Cox (order)

Mr. Fanning

Mr. Ragin

Mr. Weir

Hardin Nowlin

Orin Smith

J. B. Smith



"While we were engaged in building a log house Mr. Johnson,
an old man who was much respected by the citizens of Dubuque
and a Methodist, asked if we would subscribe something towards
the building of a church which would also be used for a school-
house. One of the young men said he would give one dollar
towards building a gambling house, but nothing for a church. Mr.
Johnson made a little speech as to the importance of such a build-
ing in the community, whereupon the young man, after a pause,
said. "Well, old boss, here's a dollar.' All the others gave from
fifty cents to a dollar. I paid seventy-five cents — all the money I
had. This was about the first of August, 1834. The first church
quarrel that took place in Iowa occurred at Dubuque about Oc-
tober I. 1834. A Mormon elder arrived in town and it was
noised around that he would not be permitted to preach in the
log church. This created some excitement when a crowd of
young men started with the Mormon to the church. It was dark,
but a number of persons had already collected around the door,
wliich was locked. One man forced his way through the crowd,
stuck his bowie knife in the door and said, 'I helped to build this
church and I'll be damned if it shan't be free to all denomina-
tions.' Just then some person came forward and unlocked the
door, when the room was soon filled with listeners to the Mor-
mon's discourse." — (Eliphalet Price in Herald, July 13, 1865.)

"Another minister of the gospel is needed among us — one who
can reason, preach and sing and enforce the fourth command-
ment. The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few." —
(J'isitor, May 11, 1836.)



434 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

"Mr. Editor: Permit me, tlirough tlie medium of your paper,
to advert to the happy effects wliicli have resuhed from the passage
of our town ordinance in relation to the observance of the Sab-
bath. It cannot fail of proving a source of high congratulation to
every virtuous and well regulated mind when we contemplate the
order and decorum which prevails in every part of our com-
munity on Sunday, the total abstinence from all secular business,
the silence and retirement that reigns throughout the place, and
which are so characteristic of the day set ajjart for devotion and
religious contemplation. The willingness with which the citizens
of Dubuque acquiesced in the law passed by the trustees and the
ready and prompt obedience they yielded to its requirements are
worthy of all praise and evince their love of order and decency.
The exertions, too, of the trustees thus to improve the moral as-
pect of our town is not the least important of the many wholesome
regulations they have adopted and entitle them to the continued re-
spect and consideration of their fellow citizens." — (Osman, in Iowa
Ncivs, September 30, 1837. The writer was supposed to be Dr.
Timothy Mason.) A Sunday school was organized by the ladies
of this society in 1836. A singing school was also organized with
Mr. Fales conductor.

The Methodists' quarterly meeting was held here in the M. E.
chapel in January, 1839, and was conducted by Rev. Mr. Weed.

The Methodists of "Du Buque Station, Iowa Territory," as-
sembled on December 9, 1839, for the purpose of making prepara-
tions to celebrate the centenary of Methodism. Rev. Mr. Stewart
was chosen chairman and James R. Goodrich secretary. A com-
mittee of three was appointed to prepare for the event — R. Rogers,
J. P. Farley and J. R. Goodrich. It was resolved that the funds
raised on that occasion should be used in part toward the erection
of a "House of worship for the Methodist Episcopal church, to be
called the 'Wesleyan Centenary Church.' " It was resolved that
amounts subscribed under $50 be payable in three months, and
over $50 in three and six months. R. Rogers was made treasurer
of the funds thus to be raised.

The cornerstone of the first Presbyterian church in Dubuque
and in the state of Iowa was laid July 18, 1836, though no church
society was organized until May 12, 1839. During the winter pre-
vious to the laying of the corner stone. Rev. Cyrus Watson, a
Presbyterian, preached in the Methodist church. But probably the
first Presbyterian services held here were by Rev. Mr. Kent, pastor
of a Presbyterian church in Galena. The Presbyterian society here
was organized in the log meeting house, nineteen being the original
membership. The first pastor was Rev. Z. R. Hawley, who re-
mained sixteen months and was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Townsend.
Rev. J. C. Holbrook, the third pastor, began his labors here March
20. 1842. In December, 1844, the church adopted the Congrega-



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY



435



tional form of government. The old house was abandoned, owing
to a suit for debt. The next building was erected in 1846 and was
greatly enlarged four years later. In 1857-8 a new house was
erected at Locust and Tenth streets. Mr. E. Lockwood, one of the
trustees, reported early in September, 1837, that he had paid out
on the Presbyterian church $2,474.80, had received $1,330, and
that there was still due him $1,144.80. The church had remained
in an unfinished condition a long time and now there was some
complaint.

Among the subscribers to the Presbyterian church fund were the
following men :



E. Lockwood
W. S. Gilman
Swan & Webster
Loring Wheeler

F. K. O'Ferrall
M. H. Prentice
L. J. Daniels
Governor Dodge
Augustus Coriell
R. Rupert
Davis Gillilan
John Smoker

C. H. Gratiot
Thomas C. Fassitt
C. H. Langworthy
David Watson
James Watson
Thomas R. Brazier
W. W. Chapman
Thomas McCraney
David Sleator
Robert C. Bourne



H. T. Camp
R. D. Sherman
Leroy Jackson
W. N. Baker

F. Andross

G. D. Grafiford
H. Loomis

G. W. Cummins
Charles Miller
Wm. S. Anderson
John W. Markle
William Guery
John O. Graham
S. Shepherd
Timothy Mason
William Allen
H. N. Sanford
Daniel C. Boyle
Benjamin Hughes
Samuel Hulett
D. T. Blythe



A. Levi

Mr. Snodgrass
Geo. L. Nightingale
Thomas Gotten
Solomon Gotten
James R. Lott
Isaac Lyon
M. Dickinson ;

A. LaGrave
L. L. Hayden
A. Cotee
E. Wooten
E. Mattox
H. H. Pease
William McDaniel
Benj. T. Massey
J. E. Miller
Henry Becket
Sam'l S. McMaster
J. M. Harrison
and others



On Wednesday, July 18, 1836, the corner stone of the Presby-
terian church was laid in Dubuque in the presence of Judge Dunn,
chief justice of Wisconsin Territory. A procession marched to the
building site where prayer was ofifered by Mr. Rupert and an ad-
dress was delivered by Dr. Timothy Mason. In October, 1837,
the following committee was appointed to solicit subscriptions to
be used in comlpleting the Presbyterian church : Warner Lewis,
Thomas S. Wilson and John Plumbe, Jr.

In April, 1840, a Baptist congregation was organized in Du-
buque and in the winter of 1841 a small house at Clay and Eighth
was dedicated. Rev. Burton Carpenter became the first pastor in
May, 1841. A new lot was bought in 1850 and a new church



436 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY

was commenced in 1853. The basement was dedicated July 30,
1854, but the whole church was not dedicated until December 21,
1856.

An Episcopal churcli was organized in 1843, but languished
and did little until 1844. Its house was consecrated April 19, 1851,
and was located at Locust and Ninth. In November, 1851, Rev.
R. D. Brooke took charge of the parish, though for some reason
services were held in the court house. Tliere were then twenty-
five communicants.

A congregation of Christians was organized in Dubuque in
1844. They secured the house originally built by the old school
Presbyterians. The first pastor was Rev. J. P. Lancaster.

The Baptist church at Dubuque was incorporated July 27, 1840.
Among the first members were Benjamin Rupert, Amos Matthews,
Jenks Dexter, Joseph T. Fales, Alexander D. Anderson, J. D.
Graffort and their families. A Sunday school celebration was
held July 4, 1840, in "the grove above the cemetery" (Jackson
park). James Crawford was orator. Rev. Z. K. Hawley ad-
dressed the children and Rev. J. J. Stewart addressed the parents.
Rev. Washington Wilcox was a Methodist of this conference in
1841. On January 15, 1841, the Presbyterian church at Dubuque
was incorporated by Henry L. Stout, John W. Finley, Isaac E.
Norris, Lewis L. Wood, James H. Warren and Ezekiel Lockwood.
In 1844 Rev. H. W. Reed was presiding elder of the Methodists;
Rev. George B. Bowman, pastor of Dubuque ; Rew Joel B. Taylor
and Rev. William W. Knight, pastors of Dubuque circuit and
Delevan mission.

On August 30, 1843, the Rock River Conference of the Meth-
odist church met in Dubuque.

On September 8, 1844, the Christian church at Dubuque was
organized by the following individuals : R. O. Anderson, Mor-
decai Mobley, P. R. Campbell, H. A. Henderson, Caroline Ander-
son, Martha Campbell, Martha Mobley, Hannah Pierce, Elizabeth
Graves and Thomas White. Irregular services were at first held;
in 1845 they met in the stone Presbyterian church. It was not
until 1877 that they occupied their new church at the corner of
Locust and Ninth.

The Methodists completed tiieir church at Cascade in 1844,
but the society was organized three years before. The Congrega-
tional church at Cascade was built in 1845, with Rev. E. B. Turner
in charge. In 1871 the Episcopal church at Cascade was erected.

The ladies of the Protestant congregations of Dubuque united
in 1847-8 to de\-ise means to care for the sick and indigent. In
1847 a fair by the ladies of the Episcopal church, held in Emerson
& Shields' new block, netted them $267 for their proposed church.

Rev. Mr. Holbrook lectured as well as preached in the Congre-
gational church during tlie forties ; one lecture was "Capital Pun-



HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY 437

ishment." He was one of the ablest clergymen here in early
years. By 1847 the African Baptist Church society had been or-
ganized and they were trying to raise means to build or secure a
small building of their own. Rev. G. W. Woodward preached at
the "stone church" in March, 1848, on which occasion he en-
deavored to organize a Unitarian church.

The Dubuque County Bible society was organized in 1848 in
Dubuque and branches were established at Epworth, Farley, Cas-
cade, Dyersville and elsewhere at later dates.

The Methodist church at Dyersville was organized in 1849 ^"d
Rev. William Trick, Sr., preached the first sermon in the place.
The first services were held in a house provided by James Dyer, Sr.,
and here also the first Sunday school was held. These services
were held about a mile east of the present town. In 1854 a small
church was built at Dewitt and Union streets. Rev. W. H. Reed of
Dubuque, was presiding elder and came here to the quarterly
meetings. Rev. S. A. Lee was pastor in 1856.

The ladies of the Episcopal church gave another fair late in
1848; they met in Peter Kiene's new building near the court
house ; an admission fee of twenty cents was charged.

"I wish to notice a habit quite prevalent in this city. It is that
of going to church for the purpose of taking a comfortable snooze
during divine service. This miserable and sinful practice is quite
fashionable and followed extensively by certain ladies and gentle-
men, especially some who attend the Methodist and Congregational
churches." — (Christian in Miners' Express, February 23, 1848.)

At the Methodist Episcopal conference in 1849, ^^^- G. B.
Bowman became presiding elder ; Rev. J. Harris and Rev. L. Tay-
lor, pastors of Dubuque: Rev. S. Farlow, pastor of Dubuque cir-
cuit ; Rev. J. T. Coleman, pastor at Cascade. Rev. G. Copway, a
Chippeway chief, preached twice in the Methodist church in Sep-
tember, 1849. The Congregationalists enlarged their church in
1849. The Dubuque County Bible society was in existence yet
and doing good work.

The old school Presbyterian church was organized in 1850 and
at first had about a dozen memljers. They camie mostly from the
Congregationalists and soon numbered twenty-one. Their church
was erected in 1850-1 at Main and Twelfth streets. Joshua Phelps,
D. D., the first pastor was installed in 1853. The second (new
school) Presbyterian church was organized in 1855 with seven-
teen members. They first used a hall that was afterward occupied
by the city council, but in June, 1856, completed their chapel at
Ninth and Locust streets. Rev. J. H. Trowbridge was the first
pastor and began his services in June, 1856. A small body of
German Presbyterians worshiped at Iowa and Seventeenth streets
under Rev. A. Van Vleit.

In 1849, the Methodist ministers for this county were Revs.



438 HISTORY OF DUBUQUE COUNTY



Online LibraryFranklin T OldtHistory of Dubuque County, Iowa; being a general survey of Dubuque County history, including a history of the city of Dubuque and special account of districts throughout the county, from the earliest settlement to the present time (Volume 1) → online text (page 49 of 56)