Fred. (Frederick) Carlisle.

Chronography of notable events in the history of the Northwest territory and Wayne County online

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he decided to begin an independent life, and on the 26th day of
October, 185 1, was united in marriage to Miss Mary Elizabeth Moore-
man at Ypsilanti, Mich., the ceremony being performed by the Rev.
Seth Reed. Mrs. C. F. Conrad, nee Mary Elizabeth Mooreman, was
born at Rawsonville, Washtenaw county, Mich., September 2d, 1835.
Five children have been born to them, viz. : Ellen, born at St. Clair,

— 202 —

Mich., on July 31st, 1853. She married Thomas Snay, and has three
children living, Charles, Lulu and Lewis. Orpha Elizabeth, born
November i6th, 1855, ^^ Ypsilanti. She married George Hiller, of
Detroit, and has two children, Beulah and Ednah. (Mr. Hiller is the
binder of this book.) Emma Jane was born at Ypsilanti, Mich., June
18, 1858. She married Philo Parsons Chase, and has four children
living, Willie, Mabel, Glen and Ermah. She has lost one, Dan
Cleandry Chase. Idah, born at Ypsilanti, Mich., October 20th, i860,
died at Ypsilanti, February 8th, 187 1; Clara, born at Ypsilanti
October 6th, 1862, married Charles Stebbins, and has one child, Gene-

Mr. C. F. Conrad, the subject of this sketch, is a man of great
enterprise, and possesses more than ordinary energy and vitality, gov-
erned and controlled by an intelligent and active mental capacity. He
is the projector, and creator, in fact, of numerous enterprises involving
millions of money in expenditure and results. For over thirty years
he has been engaged in developing the mineral resources of the Upper
Peninsular and a large factor in the projection and construction of the
railroads of that portion of the State. He is also interested in the rail-
roads of the Saginaw valley, and is the owner of a valuable tract of land
now leased to the railways in Saginaw. In all the vast enterprises
with which he has been connected, he has never consented to the em-
ployment of chicanery or dishonorable means to secure or promote
their success. While not always successful in their prosecution, 3^et he
is at present the owner and controls many valuable interests in mining,
railway and real estate properties.

The character of Mr. Conrad is that of a man, honest in his con-
victions of what is due to himself, his family and his fellow men.
Modest and unassuming in manner or speech but firm in maintaining
his own opinion until logically convinced that it is wrong. He is a
fast friend to all that is just and right, but a determined foe to what he
conceives to l:e wrong. He is a Republican in his political views, and,
like his great and distinguished ancestor, Michael, of the Netherlands,
liberal in his religious convictions and equally ready to sacrifice his
liberty and life in their vindication.


The early residents of Detroit who may be living, will remember,
with much affection and very pleasant recollections, Dr. Marshall
Chapin, who was 'born in Bernardstown (Springfield), Mass., February
27th, 1798, and settled in the then village of Detroit in 18 19, when it
numbered only five hundred inhabitants, and who established the first
drug store in what is now a city of 250,000 inhabitants.

— 203 —

Dr. Chapin was the son of Doctor Caleb Chapin. First ancestors in
America, Deacon Samuel Chapin, who came to America in 1765 with
an installment of Puritans, and settled at Boston, Mass.

As the Chapin family has become numerous, it will be of interest
to many, and generally to the public, to know that Deacon Samuel
Chapin was the ancestor of every Chapin in the United States and
also of numerous collateral descendants by marriage in other families.

Samuel Chapin was born in Dartmouth, England, and emigrated
with his wife and five children, to New England, America, in 1635.
He lived in Boston and Roxbury until 1642, then moved to Springfield,
Mass.; was made deacon in the Springfield church in that year, and
continued a highly useful life until his death in November, 1675. While
in Boston he took the Freeman's oath in 1641, then becoming entitled
to vote.

His first child born in America was Japhet, born 1642, and is
claimed to be the earliest recorded child born to the Puritans.

His wife, Cicily, sat in meeting in the honorable seats with Mrs.
Glover, Mrs. Holyoke and Mrs. Pychon.

She was taken sick and "dyed" February 8th, 1682, having sur-
vived her husband six years.

His father, it would appear, commenced farming in connection
with the practice of medicine. The name of his mother before mar-
riage was Mary Wright, (born June 26th, 1765). She was the daugh-
ter of Charles Wright, and died July loth, 1827. Some of his
decendants now reside in Rochester, New York.

During boyhood he worked on his father's farm, attending school
during the winter months, and on removal with his father's family
to Caledonia, New York, he prepared himself by studying with his
father and with Doctor Cynias Chapin (his uncle), of Buffalo, taking
his medical lectures at Geneva College, from which he graduated when
at the age of twenty-one.

Soon after his arrival in Detroit he was given medical charge of
the Fort. It is related, that while dining one day with General Cass, a
fire broke out endangering the destruction of that portion of the town.
The efforts of the young doctor in extinguishing it were made with
such coolness as to attract the favorable notice of the inhabitants, and
he was no longer considered a stranger, and was subsequently encour-
aged, and his counsel sought by the citizens generally.

In 1S23 Doctor Chapin married Miss Mary Crosby, born 1796,
daughter of Ebenezer Crosby, born 1764, of Cannisteo, New York.
She died in Batavia, N. Y., June 9th, 1841, at the age of forty-five.
Soon after his marriage the doctor built him a comfortable home on
Fort, corner of Cass, former site of fort and barracks.

— 204 —

His first store was located on the corner of Griswold street and
Jefferson avenue, "M. Chapin & Co.," in 1819; afterward in the next
block on Jefferson avenue.

The business established by Mr. Chapin in 1819 was the foun-
dation of that now carried on by T. H. Hinchman & Sons.

Dr. Chapin was mayor of Detroit from 1831 to 1833. It was
during the prevalence of the cholera in 1834 ^^^'^^ ^^- Chapin exhibited
that heroism, courage and kindness which endeared him to the citizens
of Detroit. Day and night he attended the sick and dying, seeking to
infuse hope and courage to the living. He had a faithful assistant in
the late C. C. Trowbridge. His exertions at this period made inroads
upon his physical constitution, from which he never recovered. He
died December 26th, 1838. It is related "that rich and poor crowded
to pay their last respects to a man universally beloved and lamented."

" A good name is rather to be chosen than riches, and loving favor
rather than silver and gold."


John A. Wells, Cashier of the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank
from 1833 to 1845, was tall, of rather spare figure, who would at once
be recognized as a gentleman of education, refinement and character,
never lacking dignity or courtesy. As cashier, he had more general
knowledge of banking than any of his contemporaries, excepting only
Mr. C. H. Trowbridge. He endeavored to conduct the affairs of the
bank systematically, and in accordance with the more approved
methods. There was no lack of personal effort, as no engagements
otherwise were permitted to interfere with his official duties. The
bank was managed successfully and profitably until the general failures
of 1839. He remained as the executive officer, aiding to adjust its
affairs, until it was ready to resume business in 1845.


John Norton, Jr., was Cashier of the Michigan State Bank from
1835 to 1839. ^^s personal appearance will be remembered by only a
few in Detroit. He was of medium size, a well dressed and prepossess-
ing gentleman of culture, refinement, and prompt business methods
and habits. He was ambitious of distinction as a financier, and as such
obtained the position of fiscal agent for the State, and was the confi-
dential adviser of Governor Mason, assisting him in the management
of the five million, loan. Both gentlemen over-estimated their ability,
and at the end of the Governor's term they sought more propitious
fields for their talents eastward.

* The following sketches, marked *, are from Hon. T. H. Ilinchman's work on
" Banks and Banking."




H. K. Sanger was appointed Cashier of the Bank of Michigan in
1S55. He had occupied a responsible position in a bank at Canan-
daigua, N. Y., and was thoroughly well informed in the details and
principles of banking. The duties of the office were discharged ably
and efficiently under the direction of the experienced President. On
the failure of the bank he returned to his former home.

In 1850 a committee from the Michigan Insurance Bank visited
him, and secured his acceptance of the cashiership of that bank. He
soon took charge of the office and assumed tlie responsibility of its
management. During his administration a large and lucrative business
was transacted, far greater than was customary, for the amount of its
capital. The duties of cashier were then arduous and exacting, owing
to the great variety of currency, fluctuating exchange, and constant
demands for loans. Mr. Sanger was a thoroughly competent and
accomplished officer, active, reliable and conscientious, who engaged in
no outside employment. Failing health caused his retirement in 1861.
His death occurred in 1863.


Henry H. Brown came from Rochester, N. Y., and soon after
opened a banking office, which was continued until 1839, when it came
into possession of the charter of the Michigan Insurance Company, and
commenced a banking business under a clause which it was claimed
permitted banking. He was its secretary and cashier from 1839 ^^
1847, after which he obtained a charter for the Peninsular Bank, of
which he was cashier from 1847 to 1857. His tall, well proportioned
form, business intelligence and agreeable manners, won him much
popular favor as a cashier and citizen. He was a self-educated banker,
having commenced in a moderate way, when capital was scarce, and
before the precise and systematic methods of later times were practised.
The banks managed by him prospered greatly when business was
brisk and the calls for coin were not excessive. His extensive acquaint-
ance and inherent desire to accommodate and please all friends and
customers militated against him when retrenchment became necessary.
It was then that his administration proved to be too liberal, and stock-
holders and directors encountered trouble and losses. He experienced
various mutations of fortune, but bore alike reverses and successes with

After quitting banking he entered into warehousing, grain and
produce, with his brother-in-law, H. Norton Strong.

— 206 —


Levi Cook was President of the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank
from 1838 to 1845. He was a large, portly, fine appearing man of good
business capacity.

As a dry goods merchant, fair dealing and diligence had brought
him a fair measure of success. As a bank officer he gave attention to
required duties with intelligence. These, however, were of a nominal
character, as the bank was under a cloud during the greater period of
his administration. He was a plain, strong man, of good judgment,
whose frankness, integrity and affability, gave him a marked popularity
with all his contemporaries in the city and county. He was also the
President of the Bank of St. Clair in 1845. In 1832 he was Mayor of
Detroit, and was at one time Grand Master of the Masonic Grand
Lodge of Michigan.


Elisha C. Litchfield, Cashier of the Farmers' and Mechanics'
Bank from 1845 to 185 1, and President in 1862, was a native of New
York State, where he resided until he came to Michigan to assume his
official duties. He was of medium size, with strong features, prompt,
energetic, with clear, intelligent ideas and eminent executive ability,
which fitted him for any official trust. During his connection with the
bank his duties were discharged with precision, and a successful busi-
ness was done. When more important interests caused him to resign
and resume his residence in New York, the State lost a valuable
citizen. In connection with his brother, he purchased and carried for-
ward to successful completion the Michigan Southern Railway, the
history of which enterprise, confronted as it was by difficulties that
challenged herculean energy, and great resources of mind and means,
will stand out as one of the most remarkable achievements of that era.



Charles Howard, President of the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank
from 1846 to 185 1, and the first President of the Peninsular Bank, was
of medium size, with pleasing features, and prompt in his movements
and manner of transacting business. He was a courtly, thoroughly
well-read gentleman, of much ability and energy, and was noted for his
scrupulous fidelity to trusts committed to him.

His administration as a bank officer was marked by progress and

— 207 —

a strict adherence to the most approved methods of banking. As
Mayor of Detroit, in 1849, his knowledf^e of affairs, finance, and of the
people, particular!}^ fitted him for the office. Mr. Howard removed to
New York after the close of his business in this State, where he
devoted the close of a long and useful life to the gratification of his
literary tastes.


Lorenzo W. Mason, the eighth President of the Farmers' and
Mechanics' Bank, came to Detroit from Port Huron, Michigan, where
he had been a successful merchant and lumberman.

He was about six feet in height, rather spare and inclined forward
when walking. His features were regular, and his frank expression
and genial manners attracted a host of friends. He was a well-read,
enterprising man of business, willing to assume risks — generally
successful, public-spirited, generous and ready to render efficient aid
to popular public advancement. As a bank officer, his good sense,
quick perception and intelligence were valuable in deciding important
questions and in the general management of affairs. Personally
popular, he was a member of the Constitutional Covention of 1850;
a presidential elector in 1848; elected to the State Senate in 1844, and
again in 1868, but was defeated two years later by Alanson Sheley, which
was the occasion of a pleasantry, for which Mason was famous. A
friend said: "Mr. Mason, you are beaten." "No," he replied, promptly:
" the fellow is beaten who goes to Lansing to do the work." Mr.
Mason died in 1872, deeply lamented.


Henry N. Walker, lawyer, editor, railway manager, miner and
banker, was of medium stature, physically and mentally strong. As a
banker, he was associated in the management of the Michigan Insur-
ance Bank as director and attorney, and after its close he assumed the
chief management of the Detroit Savings Bank, until after the failure
of a Lake Superior mining enterprise which he had also undertaken to

Mr. Walker was an industrious and faithful official, with a plain
frank style of speech, of good temper and pleasing manners. His
varied duties were discharged with intelligence and promptness, but he
over-estimated his ability to succeed in all of such diversified occupa-
tions. Had he adopted either of the pursuits, persistent efforts would
have brought him a fair measure of success, especially as officer,
lawyer or editor. He was a most valuable and useful citizen.

— 208 —

It should be remembered of him that he made three trips to
Europe between 1840 and 1846, to place the bonds of the Detroit and
Milwaukee Railroad, negotiate the sale of the Great Western Railway
and to place the bonds of the latter successfully.


Walter Ingersoll entered the service of the Michigan Insurance
Company immediately after its commencement of banking. He com-
menced as office boy and messenger, and advanced to the position of
teller and assistant cashier. His duties, especially as teller, during
many years, were discharged with promptness and accuracy, notwith-
standing the number and variety of bank bills then deposited, and the
mutilated condition of many of them. It was a trying position to the
temper, and required quick perception and judgment.

In 1 86 1 he succeeded to the office of cashier, and held the position
until the discontinuance of the bank in 1869. His familiarity with details,
acquaintance with dealers, knowledge of the value of securities and of
paper offered, well qualified him for the duties. He was a faithful
and efficient officer, not lacking in decision or courage.

From the close of the bank to his death in 1885, he engaged in no
stated employment, but had occasional transactions in real estate. His
straight well-formed figure, and his resonant voice, especially in
laughter, will be vividly remembered.


Francis Palms was the President of the People's Savings Bank
from its organization until his death.

He was a native of Antwerp, Belgium, and came to Detroit in
1832. He was for a time intimately associated with Joseph Campau,
and from him imbibed those impressions which served to guide, and
which afterwards resulted in laying the foundation for his course in life,
and the accumulation of great wealth.

Subsequently he became interested with Franklin Moore in the
purchase of large tracts of mineral and pine lands, which his tenacious
will enabled him to hold until they realized to him a large return.
This, and his reputation for carefulness, integrity and good judgment,
placed him in several positions of responsibility and trust, and especi-
ally at the head of the People's Savings Bank. His various duties and
trusts always had 'dilligent attention, even after failing health and
advancing years had come to him. Reliability was the marked and
crowning characteristic of his business life.

— 209 —

Mr. Palms was a little above the medium, inclined forward in
walking, slender in frame, and was not of marked physical appearance.
His regular features, broad forehead, and thoughtful eyes, indicated
depth of character and financial ability. No liking for politics, or
ambition for office was ever revealed. As a quiet and unassuming
citizen he preferred only business advancement, and the promotion of
his pecuniary interests.

In his latter years, investments in city property was regarded
favorably, and was exemplified by the erection of several business
blocks on the main thoroughfares of Detroit. His demise occurred in
November, 1886, in the 77th year of his age.


Among the early pioneer business men and merchants of Detroit
none are better known than Horace Hallock, the subject of this sketch.
He has been prominent in the history of the Presbyterian church, in
the temperance cause and in all the early anti-slavery movements, hav-
ing been the advocate of these reforms in public and private, and exer-
cising by his persistent efforts an influence which shaped public senti-
ment and paved the way for their establishment upon the firm basis
upon which these principles now stand.

Horace Hallock was born in the city of New York, April loth,
1807. After receiving a common school education he commenced
business in New York in 1829, which he continued until 1831, when
he moved to Detroit and estabhshed the business which he has from
that time been actively engaged in, and is therefore entitled to be
recognized as the oldest business man in Detroit.

In 1833 Mr. Hallock was ordained elder in the First Presbyterian
church, and continued as such until the organization of the Jefferson
Avenue Presbyterian church in February, 1854, and has been an elder
of that church up to the present time. He was superintendent of the
Sabbath School of the First Presbyterian church from 1833 to 1854,
and of the Jefferson Avenue Presbyterian church from 1854 ^^ 1882.

While Mr. Hallock has been active before the public, and con-
spicuously so in his advocacy of those reforms in politics, which have
now become fixed and established as the policy of the Republican
party, he has never sought or held a public position. As a citizen
he has favored all enterprises tending to improve the morals as well as
the material growth of Detroit, and as such, is highly esteemed and
enjoys the love, respect and confidence of all who know him.

On the 19th of April 1833, he married Miss Elizabeth Raymond,
in New York City. Mrs. Hallock died in March, 1887, and left her
husband, two sons and two daughters to survive her, also a brother,
Mr. Francis Raymond, of this city.



Col. John Francis Hamtramck was born April nth, 1758. He
received a liberal education and entered the army at an early age. He
participated in the battles of the Revolution and received personally
the thanks of General Washington for meritorious service.

President John Adams appointed him commandent at Detroit in
1790. He died April i6th, 1803, and was buried near the remains of
her to whom he was devotedly attached during life.


Stevens Thomson Mason was a native of Virginia, and was born
in that State in 181 1. He removed from there to Kentucky with his
parents when a young lad, and was appointed Secretary of the Terri-
tory of Michigan by President Jackson in 1831, when but twenty years
of age, and took the oath of office July 25th. The office of Governor
being then vacant, he acted as Governor until the appointment of
General George 13. Porter, August 6th.

Being so young, a large number of the elder citizens were dissatis-
fied with his appointment, and held a meeting and chose a committee
of five to procure his resignation. Mason met the committee in a very
courteous manner, and said, in reply to their objection to his youth:
"A young man would be more ready to accept the guidance of his
elders than one of riper years." This response would seem to have
captured them, for in later years three of the committee were his
devoted friends.

Under the constitution of 1835 he was elected Governor, the votes
being, for Major John Biddle 814, and for Mason 7,509; and again in
1837, the vote being for him 11,505, and for Charles C. Trowbridge
11,268, his majority being 237.

His administration was popular and he was personally esteemed
and respected by men of all parties. He died suddenly on the 3d of
Januar}^ 1843, in the city of New York, where he had removed at the
expiration of his term as Governor.


The subject of this sketch was conspicuous in his day and to-day
is remembered by older citizens as the peer of any for business saga-
city, integrity and financial knowledge.

Eurotas P. Hastings was born in Litchfield county, Connecticut,

— 211 —

July 2oth, 1 791. At the age of fourteen he entered a store at Clinton,
Oneida county, N. Y., and when nineteen formed a co-partnership with
his brother, Orlando, under the firm name of O. & E. P. Hastings.
The firm did a successful business for five years as merchants, when
they dissolved, Orlando entering upon a study of law, and E. P.
removing to Utica, N. Y., where he remained until appointed teller of the
Bank of Geneva in 1819. He held this position until 1825, when he came
to Michigan as the representative of the stockholders of the old Bank
of Michigan. In May, the same year, he was chosen president of the
bank, and continued as such until 1839. In 1840 he was appointed
Auditor General of the State by the Legislature. In 1842 he was
appointed, by Judge Wilkins, official assignee in bankruptcy under the
general bankrupt law, which position he held for a number of years.
In the early period of his appointment he settled 660 cases in bank-
ruptcy, involving millions of dollars, and while having been a custodian
of immense sums of money for others, watching their interests wuth
vigilance and assisting others to fortunes, he retired from life leaving
a meager competency to his family. While the subject often of severe
criticisms, yet he lived to see many who were the most malignant to
become his warm personal friends.

As a private citizen he was active in the benevolent enterprises
of the day. He was for many years an active member of the Presby-
terian church, and at his decease had long been an elder in Dr.
Hogarth's church on Jefferson avenue.


' ' Nature has made occupation a necessity to us ; society makes it a duty ; habit

Online LibraryFred. (Frederick) CarlisleChronography of notable events in the history of the Northwest territory and Wayne County → online text (page 22 of 51)