Frederick Du Cane Godman.

Biologia Centrali-Americana; [or, Contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America] (Volume 42) online

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Hob. COSTA RICA : Volcan de Irazu, 6000-7000 ft. (II. Eoyers}. Unique.

The specimen is unfortunately in very poor condition, but it is of so remarkable
a form that it seems desirable to indicate its presence as a feature of the Central-
American fauna.



S YX ALLAG MA .PA M M ECES . 1 1

SYNALLAGMA Busck.

Type : Synallagma busckiella Engel (Busck 1907).
SYNALLAGMA Busck Ent. News 18 277 (1907).

The Zoological Kecord (1907 Ind. Gn. 13) wrongly attributes this genus to Engel,
despite Mr. Engel's statement (Ent. News 18 276) that " the diagnosis of the new genus
Synallagma was prepared by Mr. Busck " !

1. Synallagma busckellmn Engel. (Tab. I. fig. 4.)

Synallayma buscldella Eugel Ent. News 18 278 (1907) '.

Ilab. AMERICA, N-C. United States 'PENNSYLVANIA l : Pittsburgh, VI-1X ' ;
Oak Station 1 . Central America MEXICO: GUEEREKO: Amula 6000 ft., VIII. (U. 11.

Smith).

A single specimen (65997), in poor condition, undoubtedly belongs to the genus
Synallagma Busck, but the markings are much obliterated and it cannot be identified as
liHSckellvm with absolute certainty; it shows no character by which it can be separated
from the Pittsburgh specimen (33604) figured.

PAMMECES Z.

Type : Pammeces albivittella Z. (Z. 1863).
PAMMECES Z. Stett. Ent. Ztg. 24 152-3 Pf. 2' 11-1 P (1863).

Antemuie longer than forewings, simple ; basal joint elongate, with pecten. Labial Palpi long, slender,
recurved ; terminal joint acute, longer than median ; median joint, distally, with long hairs above and
beneath. Maxillary Palpi minute. Haustellum moderate. Ocelli absent. Head and Thorax smooth.
Forewings narrow, elongate-hastate, slightly sinuate beneath apes : neuration 12 veins ; 7 and 8 stalked,
to costa ; rest separate ; cell very long, 4 from its tornus ; media from below 6 ; I 60 basally furcate,
strongly angulate dorsally at iho postflexal impression; l d present, Hindwings narrow, lanceolate,
cilia 2-3 : neuration 8 veins ; 5 and 6 stalked, 7 separate ; rest separate, cell very long. Abdomen
moderate. Legs rather long ; hind tibiae with long hairs above.

This genus belongs to the group of Lophoptilus Sircom, and Batrachedra Stn.,
having 5 and 6 of the hindwings stalked; it is most nearly allied to Zaratha Wkr.,
which however has smooth palpi, and lacks the antennal pecten.

[The above description is taken from Pammeces problema Wlsm. (68986-8,
Colombia) which is congeneric with the unique type of albivittella Z. (Venezuela).]

1. Pammeces phlogophora, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 7.)

Antennae somewhat longer than the forewings, biserrate towards the apex, basal joint enlarged, with slight
pecten beneath ; pale fawn, basal joint smeared above with reddish orange. Palpi recurved, slender,
terminal joint longer than median which is clothed with a long, somewhat triangular, projecting tuft
beneath ; very pale fawn, with a black spot before the apex of the terminal joint. Head reddish orange
above, face pale fawn. Thorax pale fawn, anteriorly spotted with reddish orange; tegulae yellow.
Forewings bright canary-yellow, the costa pale shining fawn-colour throughout, the middle of the
dorsum and a small tuft near its base purplish fuscous ; around the yellow central portion of the wing a

cc2



12 HETEKOCERA.

margin of bright reddish orange encloses the cell, and is produced at its upper angle in a narrow streak
to the apex where it is reduplicated in the costal cilia ; a dash of shining rosy pink terminating in a
shining purple grey streak, above which is a black spot, precedes and accompanies the termen beneath
the apex ; there is also a small black spot at the extreme apex ; costal cilia yellowish, terminal cilia pale
fawn, with a rosy lustre along their base. Exp. al. 14 mm. Hindwings shining, semitransparent, pale
steel-grey, thickened on their outer half by dark grey lustrous scales beneath ; cilia pale fawn. Abdomen
lawn. Legs pale fawn, the hind tibiae with long pale fawn hairs above.
Type 6 (65540) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hob. PANAMA: CHIRIQUI: Bugaba, 800-1500 ft. (G. C. Champion). Two specimens.

ZARATHA Wkr.

Type : Zaratha pterodactylella Wkr. (Wkr. 1864).

ZAKATHA Wkr. Cat. Lp. BM. 29 789-90 no. 78 (1861); F. & R. Reise Nov. Zool. Lp. 2 expl.
Pf. 140-18,26 (1875).

Antennae longer than the forewings, serrate ; basal joint elongate and narrow at the base, without pecten.
Labial Palpi long, recurved, rising high above the head, smooth ; terminal joint acute, longer than the
median. Maxillary Palpi small, but distinct, bent, ffaustellum well-developed. Ocelli absent. Head
and Thorax smooth. Forewings very long and narrow, apex depressed, acuminate: neuration 12 veins;
7 and 8 stalked, to costa ; rest separate ; cell long, 3 from its toruus ; media from 6 ; I 1 * straight,
1" basally subobsolete ; l d present. Hindwings 1, tapering outwardly to an acute apex ; cilia 2 : neura-
tion 8 veins ; 5 and 6 stalked, 7 separate ; rest separate, discoidal obsolete between 4 and stalk of (5 + 6)
which is continued to base as media. Abdomen very long and slender. Legs rather long ; hind tibiae
hairy' above.

Allied to Pammeces Z., but differing in the absence of the antennal pecten, in the
smooth palpi, in vein 3 of forewings originating at angle, and in the open cell in the
Inndwings.

l. Zaratha pterodactylella Wkr.

n. syn.. = niveiventris P. & R.

Zarat ha pterodactylella Wkr. Cat. Lep. BM. 29 790 sp. 1 (1864) '. Zaratha ? niveiventris F. & R.
Reise Nov. Zool. Lp. 2 Pf. 140 26 (1875) \

Antennae dark bronzy fuscous above, except towards the apex, where about ten or twelve joints are white and
serrate, the tip again becoming fuscous ; ochreous beneath. Palpi pale ochreous ; terminal joint longer
than median, fuscous along its under side. Maxillary Palpi silvery white. Head purplish above ; face
silvery white. Thorax bronzy fuscous ; white beneath. Forewings shining yellowish ochreous, shaded
along the dorsum with dark bronzy brown, of which an elongate patch, a little beyond the middle, is
rather darker than the remainder of the dorsal shade, this darker colouring extending obliquely backward
and nearly reaching the costa before the middle ; from the base runs a narrow dark steel-grey streak to
the end of the cell, terminated by a dark brownish fuscous transverse spot, a shining pale steel-grey
streak running along the margin to the apex from its upper angle, a shorter one reaching the termen from
its lower angle ; costal cilia shining, pale ochreous ; dorsal and terminal cilia bronzy brownish fuscous.
Exp. al. 14-16 mm. Hindwinys shining, dark bronzy brown ; cilia dark brownish fuscous. Abdomen
dark brownish fuscous ; white beneath. Legs, posterior pair dark brownish fuscous above, white beneath ;
the tibiae hairy, with projecting ochreous scales above the second pair of spurs, thesu and the terminal three
joints of the tarsi silvery white.

Nl. ? (66010, Bugaba) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hob. AMERICA, C-S. Central America MEXICO: VERACRUZ : Atoyac (Schumann) ;



ZAEATHA. LOPHOPTILUS. 13

Cordova, I. 1908 (F. Knob] : TABASCO: Teapa, III. (//. H. Smith) GUATEMALA: San
Isidro, 1600 ft. (G. C. Champion); Volcan de Atitlan, 2500-3500 ft. (G. C. Champwn) ;
Las Mercedes, 3000 ft. (G. C. Champion) PANAMA: CHIEIQUJ : Bugaba, 800-1500 ft.
( G. C. Champion) ; Volcan de Chiriqui, 2000-3000 ft. (G. C. Champion). South America
COLOMBIA 2 : Bogota (Lindig)* BRAZIL l : AMAZONS': Ega (Bates) 1 ; Santarem, X. 1884
(J. H. Leech): ESPIRITU SANTO: 1872 (Schmidt): PARANA: Castro, 1896 (E. I). Jones).

The series exhibits some variation, in some specimens the costa is darkened towards
the base, a small ochreous triangular costal spot, at about one-third, sometimes being
conspicuous.

2. Zaratha macrocera F. & R.

Zaratha ? macrocera F. & R. Reise Nov. Zool. Lp. 2 Pf. 140' 18 (1875) '.

Hal. AMERICA, C-S. Central America PANAMA : CHIRIQUI : Bugaba, 800-1500 ft.
(G. C. Champion). South America COLOMBIA : Minca, 2000 ft., VI. 1889 (H. H. Smith)
BRAZIL l : AMAZONS ' : (Sates) 1 PERU, E. : Rio Perene (Rosenberg).

LOPHOPTILUS Sircom.
= CYPHOPHORA HS. ; =PSACAPHORA HS. ; =LEUCOPHRYNE Chtnb.

Type 1 : Tinea miscella S-D. (Sircom 1848).
LOPHOPTILUS Sircom Zool. 6 2037 (1848).
1 (Type) miscella S-D. ( = staintoni Sircom).
Stn. NH. Tin. 11 142-3 (1870) ; Wlsm.& Drnt. Ent. Mo. Mag. 45 155-6 (1909).

Type 2 : Elachista idaei Z. (HS. 1853).

CYPHOPHOKA HS. SB. Schm. Eur. 5 12, 46 no. 77 Pf. 13 7-9 (1853), 211 sp. 597 (1854); Hnmn.
Schm. Deutsch. Tin. 416 no. 480 sp. 632, Tbl. 8, 53 (1876) ; Rtti-Splr. Lp-Fn. Baden 257
(1898); Stgr-Rbl. Cat. Lp. Pal. 2 186 no. 395 sp. 3569 (1901).

Type 3: Tinea schrankella Hb. (HS. 1853).

PSACAPHORA HS. SB. Schm. Eur. 5 13, 48-9 no. 86 Pf. 13' 22-4 (1853).
1 (Type) schrankella Hb. (=*linneella HS. Pf. 13 22 ; =locupletella HS. Pf. 13 24).
2 linneella L., HS. Pf. 13' 23.

HS. SB. Schm. Eur. 5 215-6 no. 86 sp. 616-20 (1854) ; Stgr-Rbl. Cat. Lp. Pal. 2 188 no. 404
sp. 3598-9 (1901).

Type 4 : Laverna grandisella Chmb. (Chmb. 1875).

LEUCOPHRYNE Chmb. Can. Ent. 7 210-11 (1875).
1 (Type) grandisella Chmb. ( = tricristatella Chmb.).

Chmb. Bull. US. GG. Surv. 4 152 (1878) : Jr. Cin. Soc. NH. 2 196, 499, tf. 203 '39 (1880);
Dyar Bull. US. Nat. Mus. 52 543 sp. 6171 (1902).

Lophoptilus vi\\\ include species hitherto referred to Laverna Crt. (=s*M<ompAa HS.),



14 HETEEOCEEA.

but differin- in having 5 and 6 of the hindwings stalked, 2-4, and 7, separate (Laverna
has 2-7 separate), and the basal joint of the antenna without pecten. Both genera have
7 and 8 stalked in the forewings, 7 to costa, rest separate.

1. Lophoptilus eloisellus Clms.

(=magnatdla Z. ; =lyonetiella Climb. 4 ; = oenotheraeella Chmb. 6 ) 10 .

Laverna eloisella Clms. Pr. Ac. Nat-Sc. Phil. 12 171 (I860) 1 ; Clms-Stn. Tin. N-Am. pp. xiii,
131-2 (1872) ". Phyllocnistis magnatella Z. Verh. ZB. Ges. Wien 23 : 1873 Abh. 315-6 sp. 2
Pf. 4 ' 43 (1873) 3 . Laverna lyonetiella Chmb. Can. Ent. 7 30, 51 (1875) 4 . Laverna oenotherae-
ella Chmb. Can. Ent. 7 30-2 (1875) \ Laverna magnatella Chmb. Can. Ent. 9 73-4 (1877) 6 .
Laverna eloisella Chmb. Can. Ent. 9 74 (1877) 7 . Laverna e/oisella Chmb. Bull. US.
GG. burv. 4 151 (1878) 8 . Laverna? magnatella Chmb. Bull. US. GG. Surv. 4 113, 152
(1878) 9 . Laverna ? eloisella Wlsm. Tr. Am. Ent. Soc. 10 195 (1882) 10 . Laverna oenotherellu
Hgn. & Frey Pap. 4 154 (1884) ll ; Riley, Smith's List Lp. Bor-Am. 106 sp. 5727 (1891) }J .
Mompha eloisella Dyar Bull. US. Nat. Mas. 52 542 sp. 6157 (1902) ' 3 . Laverna eloisella
Busck Pr. Ent. Soc. Wash. 5 203 (1903) >4 . Mumpha eloisella Busck Pr. US. Nat. Mus. 30
731 (1906) 15 .

Hab. AMERICA, N-C. United States 1 ~ 15 MAINE 10 : Orono, @0enothera w -
MASSACHUSETTS 3 : Beverley, 8, VII. 1868 3 PENNSYLVANIA 1-2 ' 13 ~ u MARYLAND: Plum.
mer's Id., VII. 1903 (Busck); Hyattsville, VIII. 1906 (Busck) NORTH CAROLINA
(Morrison, 1884) MISSOURI 5>8 ' 10 : St. Louis, stems Ocnothera missouriensis, VIII-
IX 8 - 8 - 9 COLORADO: LAKRIMERCO.: Loveland, VI-VIII. 1S91 ( W. G. Smith) OREGON 10 :
JOSEPHINE co. 10 : Rogue River, 7. V. 1872 (Wlsm.) 10 TEXAS 4 ~ 5 - 9 : BOSQUE co. 4 ~ 5 ' 9 :
7.VI-21.VII. 1876 (Belfrage): s. TEXAS 1S : Brownsville 15 . Central America N.W.
MEXICO: SONORA: 1883 (//. K. Morrison).

Hagen [Pap. 4 154 (1884)] wrote " Laverna magnatella, Zell.-Chb. 2 locality 1 It
is different from oenotheriella." This note really means that Laverna grandisella
Chmb. (= * magnatella, Mus. Cambr.) is distinct from Laverna eloisella Clms.
(=oenotherella Chmb., Mus. Cambr.), for Busck [Pr. US. Nat. Mus. 27 767 (1904)]
points out that " Chambers' type of Laverna grandisella (erroneously labeled by
himself, Laverna magnatella), is in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge,
Massachusetts."

WALSHIA Clms.

Type 1 : WalsMa amorphella Clms. (Clms. 1864).

WALSHIA Clms. Pr. Ent. Soc. Phil. 2 418-9 (1864) : Clms-Stn. Tin. N-Am. 240-1 (1872) ; Dyar
Bull. US. Nat. Mus. 52 544 sp. 6179 (1902); Wlsm. & Drnt. Ent. Mo. Mag. 45 156-7
(1909).

Type 2 : Elachista rhamniella Z. (Hnmn. 1876).

*MOMPHA (nee Hb.) Hiimn. Schm. Deutsch. Tin. 422 no. 484 sp. 643, Tbl. 8, 54 (1876) ; Rtti-
Splr. Lp-Fn. Baden 256 sp. 636 (1898).



WALSHIA. LAVERN A. 15

1. Walshia calcarata, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 15.)

Antennae brownish, the last eleven or twelve joints pure white. Palpi with the median joint enlarged by
projecting scales above, and more especially beneath, giving it a triangular form : terminal joint stout,
somewhat clothed beneath nearly to the apex ; white, dusted with brown, except at the extremity of
each joint. Head white. Thorax greyish fuscous above, whitish behind ; tegulae whitish, forewingg
brown and whitish, mixed in about equal proportions, with a lilac gloss about the paler parts, especially
below the fold ; a stout, square-ended, tuft of brownish ochreous raised scales below the fold at one-
third of its length, a ridge of raised scales of the same colour, but delicately striated with brown, crosses
the middle of the wing from costa to dorsum ; another raised patch, somewhat tinged with fuscous,
occurring at the end of the cell, is succeeded by a pale transverse band with lilac reflections, the central
fascia being also preceded and followed by the same whitish ground-colour ; three fuscous dots occur at
the base of the brownish ochreous cilia below the apex, the tornal cilia tending to greyish. Exp. al.
13 mm. Uindwings cinereous, dusted with pale brownish ; cilia cinereous, tinged with ochreous towards
the apex. Abdomen (missing). Legs brownish, the hind tibiae obliquely banded with white at the base
of the first pair of spurs ; second pair of spurs densely clothed with a triangular tuft of white scales
above ; tarsi slightly annulate with white.

Type cJ (65539) Mus. Wlsm. (Oodm-Salv. Coll.).

Hob. MEXICO : TABASCO : Teapa, III. (H. H. Smith). Unique.

The clothing of the spurs of the hind tibiae distinguishes calcarMa from amorphella
Clms., and detracta Wlsm.

2. Walshia detracta, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 14.)

Antennae cinereous, annulate with brownish fuscous ; the elongate basal joint fuscous above, pale beneath.
Palpi recurved to the vertex, somewhat coarsely clothed nearly to the apex, terminal joint longer than
median ; pale cinereous, shaded externally with fuscous nearly to the end of the median joint and above
the middle of the terminal joint. Head greyish fuscous above, face steel-whitish. Thorax dark greyish
fuscous. Forewinga dark greyish fuscous to the end of the basal third, with a large concurrent pattern
of raised scales, tinned with chestnut-brown beyond the base, especially about the middle of the costa
and at the apex, with numerous tufts of raised scales distributed nearly to the apex ; cilia brownish
cinereous, greyish fuscous at the extreme apex. Evp. al. 15 mm. Hindwinr/s greyish brown ; cilia 6,
brownish cinereous. Legs greyish fuscous, with whitish bands at the base of each pair of spurs.

Type ? (C5538) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hab. MEXICO : GUERRERO : Amula, 6000 ft., VIII. (H. H. Smith). Unique.

LAVERNA Crt.

= t LARVNA Chmb., laps, cal.; =* MOMPHJ. (Hb.) HS., nee Stph.; =WILSONIA Clras.

Type 1 : Laverna ochraceella Crt. (Crt. 1 839).

LAVERNA Crt. Br. Ent. 16 expl. PI. 735 (1839) ; Stn. List Br. An. BM. XVI. Lp. 3 137-9 (185 1) :
Ins. Br. Lp-Tin. 225, 235-40 Pf. 7 ' 8"- (1854) ; Frey Tin-Pter. Schweiz 276-83 (1856) : Lin.
Ent. 14 180-205 (I860) ; Wkr. Cat. Lp. BM. 30 882-5 (1864) ; Stn. NH. Tin. 11 126-49
PL 4-6 (1870) ; Stgr-Wk. Cat. Lp. Eur. 319 sp. 2569-88 (1871) ; Clms-Stn. Tin. N-Am. 130-1
(1872); [^LAXVNA Chmb. Can. Ent. 5 229 (1873) : 6 49, 73 (1874)] ; Hnmn. Schm. Deutsch.
Tin. 416-20, Tbl. 8, 53-4 (1876) ; Z. Hor. Soc. Ent. Ross. 13 420-7 (1877) ; Chmb. Bull.
US. GG. Surv. 4 151-2 (1878); Snln. Vlind. Ned. Micr. 422, 852-60 Pf. 12 ' 419-22 (1882) ;
\YL-m. Tr. Ent. Soc. Loud. 1891 117-8 Pf. 5-6 54-5 (1891); Riley, Smith's List Lp.



16 HETEROCEEA.

Bor-Am. 106 sp. 5719-38 (1891) ; Rtti-Splr. Lp-Fii. Baden 256-7 (1898) ; etc. ; Wlsm. &
Drnt. Ent. Mo. Mag. 45 173-4 (1909).

Type 2 : Tinea conturbatella Hb. (HS. 1853).

MOMPHA (Hb.) HS. SB. Schm. Eur. 5 12, 46 no. 75 Pf. 13 4-6 (1853), 208-10 sp. 586-93
(1854) ; Meyr. HB. Br. Lp. 640, 678-82 tf. 679 (1895); Stgr-Rbl. Cat. Lp. Pal. 2 186-7
sp. 3576-91 (1901) ; Dyar Bull. US. Nat. Mus. 52 541-3 sp. 6148-68 (1902).

Type 3 : Wilsonia brevivittella Clms. (Clms. 1864).

WILSONIA Clms. Pr. Ent. Soc. Phil. 2 428-9 (1864) : Clms-Stn. Tin. N-Am. 253-4 (1872) ; Chrab.
Bull. US. GG. Surv. 4 166 (1878) ; Busck Pr. Ent. Soc. Wash. 5 218 (1903).

Laverna Crt. is here used for species with Hindwings 8 veins, all separate : Fore-
wings 12 veins, 7 and 8 stalked, 7 to costa, rest separate : Antennae, basicerite with
well-developed pecten.

1. Laverna farinacea, sp. n.

Antennae mealy grey, annulate with fuscous. Palpi mealy grey, the median joint somewhat expanded at the
apex ; terminal joint about as long as the median, with three fuscous annulations. Head and Thora.c
mealy greyish ; face whiter. Forewings mealy grey, with transverse reddish cupreous hands in which
are some slightly raised black scales ; the first band, commencing close to the base of the costa, has its
inner edge marked by black scales, and runs obliquely outward to the dorsum, its outer side dilated on
the cell and ill-defined ; the second, parallel with it, terminates in a spot of raised scales on the dorsum,
its outer side ill-defined and nearly coalescing with a small triangular costal patch of the same colour
beyond the middle ; a third band, almost parallel with the termen, runs inward to the dorsum from the
costal cilia, and is interrupted by a minute black streak beyond the end of the cell ; a dark line follows
the margin around the apex and termen, giving an angular appearance to the wing, and two slender
dark lines run through the mealy terminal cilia; the dorsal cilia inclining to cupreous. Exp. al. 9 mm.
Jlindtvings and cilia pale greyish cupreous. Abdomen cinereous. Legs whitish cinereous, the tibiae
and tarsi banded externally with blackish.

Type $ (66043) ; rf (66042) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.). \_PTT. (66044-5) US. Nat, Mus.]

Hab. MEXICO: QUERKEEO: Amula, 6000 ft., VIII. (H. H. Smith). Five specimens.

2. Laverna obsessa, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 16.)

Antennae (|) simple ; fuscous. Palpi evenly recurved, slender ; pale cinereous, the terminal joint as long as
the median, with a fuscous spot beneath, its apex also fuscous ; median joint fuscous externally nearly
to its apex. Head bronzy fuscous. Thorax bronzy fuscous anteriorly ; posteriorly pale brassy yellowish.
Forewings narrow, elongate ; shining, brassy brownish, with a dark purplish grey patch on the costa,
from the middle to the commencement of the cilia, containing at its lower edge a bright reddish cupreous
spot in which are some slightly raised scales, a similar spot lying near the end of the fold below and
before it ; there is also a reddish cupreous patch, near the base of the costa, reaching to the fold and
somewhat produced outward ; the apex and termen are much shaded with dark fuscous, an inverted pale
brassy yellowish streak separating the apical from the costal shade and running to the dorsum at the
outer end of the fold. Exp. al. 9 mm. Hindwings and cilia pale bronzy fuscous. Abdomen and Legs
(missing).

Type <S (66040) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hab. MEXICO : GUERRERO : Amula, 6000 ft., VIII. (//. H. Smith). Unique.



LAVEBNA. 17

3. Laverna pernota, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 17.)

Antennae fuscous. Palpi recurved, the terminal joint longer than the median, densely but smoothly clothed,
having thus a thickened appearance ; dark fawn-hrown, with indistinct paler speckling. Head shining,
purplish fuscous, covered with large flat scales. Thorax dark purplish fuscous, with a triangular whitish
ochreous patch posteriorly. Forewings pale fawn-ochreous, with a small dark purplish fuscous shoulder-
patch at the base of the costa ; some dark fawn-brown speckling, especially on the outer half of the
wing, tending to form dark shading along the margins, with an indication of marginal spots around the
apex and termen, through confluence of the otherwise more scattered dark scales ; there is a black dot
at the end of the cell, another in the fold beyond its middle, and the whole wing-surface in certain
lights exhibits a pearly lilac lustre ; cilia dark brownish ; underside dark purplish fuscous, becoming
brassy ochreous around the base of the cilia towards the apex. Exp. al. 14 mm. Hindwings narrow,
acuminate ; shining, bronzy brown ; cilia dark brown. Abdomen dark fawn-brown. Legs dark fawn
brown, paler on their inner sides.

Type 2 (66041) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hob. MEXICO : GUERRERO : Amula, 6000 ft., VIII. (H. If. Smith). Unique.

4. Laverna agonistes, sp. n. (Tab. I. fig. 12.)

Antennae pale ochreous, narrowly annulate with fuscous ; basal joint with short pecten. Palpi with the
terminal and median joints of about equal length, the latter somewhat roughened by projecting scales
beneath towards its apex ; terminal stout, but sharply acuminate ; pale ochreous, with pale fuscous
sprinkling externally. Head and TJiorax pale ochreous. Forewings narrow, elongate, with depressed
acuminate apex ; pale ochreous, mottled with pale and dark olivaceous brown and a few black scales ;
with three or four large tufts of raised pale ochreous scales lying along the line of the fold, and one
between the fold and the dorsum near the base ; the wing-pattern is so confused as to be scarcely capable
of description, its prominent feature being a dark brown median shade above the fold, broken into
outwardly angulate or oblique streaks beyond the middle, accompanied by two or three small dots of
white scales on and beyond the outer half of the cell, while a few jet-black scales are placed along the
upper edges of the two outer raised scale-tufts, as well as around the apex and termen and in the
speckled whitish cinereous cilia ; there is a patch of shining rosy pink at the end of the cell, another
before it on the cell, and an elongate patch of the same along the middle of the costa ; costal cilia shining
pale ochreous, dorsal cilia iridescent greyish fuscous. Exp. al. 16 mm. Hindwings ( 1) tapering,
acute ; iridescent bronzy brownish grey ; cilia iridescent greyish fuscous. Abdomen ochreous, mixed
with brownish grey, with pale shining steel- grey transverse bands; pale ochreous beneath. Legs greyish
brown, indistinctly banded with whitish ochreous.

Type c? (66025) Mus. Wlsm. (Godm-Salv. Coll.).

Hal. GUATEMALA: Totonicapam, 8500-10,500 ft. (G. G. Champion). Unique.



[Laverna gleditschiella Chmb.

Laverna? (AnyUa?) gleditschiaeella Chmb. Can. Ent. 8 135-7 (1876)'. Laverna gleditschiaella
Chmb. Can. Ent. 9 232-4 (1877) a ; Mompha gleditschiaeella Dyar Bull. US. Nat. Mus. 52
542 sp. 6159 (1902) '. Hub. United States KENTUCKY l ~ 3 .

Writing under the heading " Insects feeding on Gleditschia " (Can. Ent. 9 231-5)
Chambers remarked (I. c. 234) " I have been informed that thorns of various species
of Acacia (in a large sense) in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, are perforated by
insect borings similar to those of Laverna gleditschiaeella in the Honey Locust, but I

BIOL. CENTR.-AMER., Heter., Vol. IV., December 1909. dd



18 HETEKOCEEA.

have not been able to procure specimens of the insect architect. Prof. Sumichrast
mentions similar borings in Acacias in Mexico (referred to in a volume of the
American Naturalist I write from recollection and cannot refer to the volume or
page). These, however, like those of which Mr. Belt gives such an entertaining
account in ' The Naturalist in Nicaragua,' were tenanted by ants," etc.']

PERIMEDE Chmb.
Type : Perimede errantella Chmb. (Chmb. 1874).

PERIMEDE Chmb. Can. Ent. 6 51-2 (1874) : 9 147 (1877) : 11 9 (1879) : Jr. Cin. Soc. NH. 2
196, 199, tf. 203 35 (1880).

l. Perimede catapasta, sp. n.

Antennae brownish grey. Palpi slightly recurved, the median and terminal joints about equal in length and
thickness, smooth ; shining, brownish grey. Head shining, brownish grey. Thorax brownish grey.
Forewinqs dull brownish grey, with a faint indication of a spot in the middle of the fold, a similar dark
spot on the disc a little beyond it, and a third, scarcely visible, at the end of the cell ; a small whitish
costal spot before the apex is followed by a small black spot at the apex, where is also a dark shade-line
running through the brownish cinereous cilia ; underside with a blackish spot at the apex and one or
two terminal dots. Exp. dl. 13 mm. Hindwings narrower than the forewings ; dull pale stone-ochreous



Online LibraryFrederick Du Cane GodmanBiologia Centrali-Americana; [or, Contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America] (Volume 42) → online text (page 3 of 64)