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The parish of Selworthy in the county of Somerset, some notes on its history online

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Devonshire was then divided into three divisions.
In the east, Sir William Courtenay and Sir Robert
Denys were colonels ; and amongst the captains we
find captains Gifford, Waldron and Acland. The only
adventure connected with the Arundell family at this
time is not a very creditable one. Two Dutch ships
of the Hanseatic towns, always free traders, were
driven during the Spanish war into Falmouth harbour.
Dame Jane Killigrew, widow of Sir John Killigrew,
boarded the two ships with a party of ruffians, mur-
dered the Spanish traders, and carried off a large
amount of treasure. The whole party were found
guilty at the assizes at Launceston, of wilful murder,
and were condemned to death. But Sir Thomas
Arundel and his son-in-law, Sir Nicholas Hals (had
they, we are inclined to wonder, a share in the
profits ?) obtained a reprieve for lady Killigrew. All
the rest were executed, lamenting as they went to the
gallows that " they had not the company of that old
Jezebel Kiligrew at that place," and praying that
" some judgment might fall upon her and her property,
and on those who had obtained so unrighteous an
interference with justice." "It is observed," says
Hals, "that her grandson spent the whole paternal
estate of his ancestors ; as did Sir Thomas Arundel,
kt, son of Sir John Arundel aforesaid, and John
Hals, Esq., son of Sir Nicholas Hals in their own
times." 1 The reign of James I saw the ruin of the

1. Hals MSS.

D D



202 History of Selworthy.

head of the house of Arundell. A curious story was
set afloat, and believed, that an island to which the
name of Old Brazil was given, was floating somewhere
in the American ocean. Of this island, Sir Thomas
Arundell was constituted by the king sole proprietor;
and in his vain search for it, Sir Thomas dissipated
the great fortune which had descended to him from a
long series of ancestors.

The above Sir John Arundell, of Trerice, married
Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville, who married
(2) Sir John diamond ; and lies buried in Stratton
church, according to the directions contained in her
will, between her two husbands. By this lady, who
died in July, 1512, Sir John Arundell had a son, Sir
John Arundell, kt., of Trerice, who was a lad of seven-
teen at the time of his father's death, in 15 12. He had
been early attached to the person of Henry VIII, and
young as he was he was knighted by that monarch
for his bravery, in 15 13, at the battle of Guinegate, or
" the battle of the Spurs," as it was jestingly called
from the panic-stricken flight of the enemy's cavalry.
Sir John, who died in November, 1561, like more than
one of his predecessors, was vice-admiral of the west,
and was also twice sheriff of Cornwall. He married
Julia, daughter of John Ericey, by whom he had a
son, Sir John Arundel, of Trerice, who married
Gertrude, daughter of Sir John Dennys, of Holcombe.
This Sir John was sheriff of Cornwall, in 1574. He
died 15th Sept., 1580, and was succeeded by his
son, John Arundel, of Trerice, the famous soldier,
who was better known by his nick-names of " Jack of
Tilbury," or " Jack for the king." By his wife, Mary,



Personal History. 203

daughter of George Carey, of Clovelly, esquire, this
John Arundell had two sons, John, who died an infant,
and Richard, who was M.P. for Lostwithiel temp.
Charles I. When Sir Nicholas Slanning, of Beckley,
the governor of Pendennis castle, was slain at the
battle of Bristol, July 6th, 1643, Charles I made John
Arundell, then an old man, but full of vigour and
resource, his successor. At Pendennis, in 1644,
Arundell had the honour of receiving queen Henrietta
Maria, and in 1645, prince Charles. 1 It is curious to
note that one of the queen's travelling trunks bearing
her cipher and crown, stolen or lost during her flight,
is still preserved in an old country house in Devonshire.
At first a British, and then a Roman fortification,
Pendennis Castle, as we saw, had been fortified in a
plain fashion by Henry VIII. Elizabeth much im-
proved the fortifications, and threw into the castle a
garrison of one hundred men and a large quantity of
guns and ammunition. Soon after John Arundell had
taken over the command of the fortress, it was besieged
by colonel Fortescue on behalf of the Parliament.
The attack was pushed on with the utmost ardour;
but just as vigorous was the defence. For six
months the siege continued. No supplies could
reach the garrison, hemmed in by the enemy's troops
on land and guarded by their ships at sea, and the
garrison and the grey old governor, and even the
ladies of his household, were compelled to eat horse
flesh. Still there was no word of surrender. But at
length it was apparent that the famine-stricken soldiers

1. Lyson's Mag. Brit., p. 85,



204 History of Selwortky.

could no longer hold the walls. The castle had already
held out longer than any royalist castle, save Raglan
in Wales. " Pendennis," says lord Clarendon, " refused
all summons, admitting no treaty till they had not
victual for twenty-four hours, when they carried on
their treaty with such firmness, that their situations
were never suspected, and they obtained as good
terms as any garrison in England." So in August,
1646, just six months after the siege had begun, the
gallant old gentleman, with his emaciated garrison,
marched out with flags flying and mounted arms.

Meanwhile brave old colonel John's son had been
distinguishing himself in the Civil Wars. We find
him gallantly fighting in many of the battles of that
stormy period ; and at the Restoration on March 23,
1664, he was created baron Arundel of Trerice by
Charles II, in recognition of his father's and his own
services to the Royalist cause.

By his wife, the daughter of Sir James Bagge of
Saltram, co. Devon, and widow of the Sir Nicholas
Slanning mentioned above, lord Arundell had issue,
John, second baron Arundel of Trerice, who married
(1) Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir John Acland,
kt, of Columb John, co. Devon, who lies buried in
Newlyn Church. From this connection and from the
various settlements and arrangements growing out of
it, the great estate of Trerice, which included the
manors of Luccombe and Selworthy, ultimately
passed to the late Sir Thomas Acland. Lord
Arundell married (2) Barbara, daughter of Sir Henry
Slingsby of Scriven, co. York, the widow and sole
executor of the will of Sir Henry Mauleverer. They



Personal History, 205

had issue, John, third baron Arundel of Trerice, who
married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Bean, bishop of
Llandaff, who died in 1706. Their son John, fourth
baron Arundell died s.p. in 1768. This nobleman
married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Wentworth
and sister of Thomas earl of Strafford. He was suc-
ceeded by his nephew William Wentworth. (See
Chapter II.) The last lord Arundell presented the
silver flagon to Selworthy Church which is still in use.
The flagon bears his arms : quarterly 1 and 4, sable,
6 swallows close 3, 2 and 1 arg. ; 2 and 3 arg. 3 chev-
ronels sa. Supporters, two panthers regardant or,
spotted various colours, with fire issuing from their
mouths and ears.

Raleigh Family.

The Raleigh family, who held for a considerable
period the manor of Allerford, and property besides in
Porlock, were descended from the family of Raleigh
of Raleigh, co. Devon. Temp. Henry II, Collinson
tells us, John, son of Gilbert, marshal of England,
granted the manor of Nettlecombe to Hugh de Raleigh
of Raleigh, co. Devon, and to his heirs, to be held by
the tenure of finding one soldier for two whole months
in time of war, and forty days in time of peace. This
deed was attested under the great seal of Henry II,
and confirmed by Reginald earl of Cornwall. John's
two sons, Gilbert and Walter, were parties to the deed.
In consideration of it Hugh de Raleigh gave to John
a sorrel nag and eighty silver marks ; to John's wife
an ounce of gold ; to his son, Gilbert, a horse and two



206 History of Selworthy.

dogs ; to his son, John, one talent ; and to his other
son, Walter, another talent of gold. 1

Hugh de Raleigh was sheriff of Devonshire 7 — 14
Henry II. He was succeeded in his estates by his
son, Warine de Raleigh, who was succeeded by his
son, Ralph de Raleigh. In the disputes between king
John and the barons, Ralph sided with the barons,
and in 17 John his estates were confiscated, and
granted by the king to William de Briewer. De
Briewer for a consideration of twenty marks, conveyed
his interest in the property to Ralph's brother, Warine ;
and soon after William Marshall earl of Pembroke
confirmed the estates to Warine and his descendants
on the service of a whole knight's fee. Warine was
succeeded by his son, Warine, who held Nettlecombe
in 1242. In 1242 the above Warine, with the consent
of his wife Margaret, enfeoffed their second son, Simon,
of this manor, to be held by him and his wife, Ela de
Reigni, by a yearly rent of three shillings and four-
pence and the services due to Reginald de Mohun.
This Margaret gave by deed to Hawise the wife of
her elder son, Sir Warine, a ring of St. Lazarus, which
once was the property of queen Berengaria, and a
silver vessel containing a piece of the Holy Cross, and
she prays that these sacred relics may prove as blessed
to the lady Hawise as she had proved them to be in
her own case.

In the reign of Henry III, Sir Wymond de Raleigh
the lineal ancestor of Sir Walter Raleigh of Eliza-
bethan fame, went out from Nettlecombe and settled
at Smallridge in the parish of Axminster. Here this
i. Collinson, v, iii, p. 536.



Personal History. 207

branch of the family lived until the reign of Henry
VIII, and were " knights and men of very great respect."
" One of this family," Risdon, the Devonshire antiquary
records for us, " being taken prisoner in France, at his
return built a chapel here to the memory of St. Leonard,
because he was delivered on St. Leonard's day, and
in the same he hung up his target, which, with the
records of the foundation, was given by the priest
of Axminster to the late Sir Walter Raleigh, kt."
The tradition is that de Raleigh effected his escape in
an open boat without oar or rudder, and drifting
across the channel into the mouth of the Axe, was
carried up the river by the tide, until his boat was
stranded beneath his home, and that on the spot where
he landed he built the above mentioned chapel. Does
this signal escape and the connection of the Raleigh
family with our parish, account for the dedication of
the chapel at Tivington ? At all events the parish of
Selworthy can claim an interest in the brilliant states-
man and soldier of Elizabeth's reign, whose chief mis-
fortune lay in the fact that he was born two hundred
years too soon.

Warine de Raleigh, fourth of that name, left a son,
Reginald, who died s.p., and was succeeded by his uncle,
Sir Simon, who lived in South Wales, where he had
obtained a great estate through his marriage with the
above Ela, daughter and heiress of the great baron Sir
Milo de Reigni. He was succeeded by his son, Simon,
who also lived at Wrentchester Castle in South Wales.

This second Sir Simon was knighted 30 Edward I,
and had the custody of the county of Glamorgan.
He married Joan, daughter and heiress of Lawrence



208 History of Selworthy.

le Tort, of Old Knoll in the parish of Carhampton,
by whom he had two sons, John and Simon. His
wife Joan survived him, and retired to her manor house
at Rowdon in Stogumber parish, in which she founded
a chantry. John succeeded to the Somersetshire estates
of the Raleigh family, but the second son, Simon, in-
herited the greater portion of the South Wales property,
and also the property of his grandfather, Laurence le
Tort, including Old Knoll, Cutcombe (hence Cutcombe
Raleigh), Upton Tort, etc.

In 10 Edward II, we find the two brothers active in
the rebellion of Thomas earl of Lancaster. They were
fined respectively ;£ioo and £40 ; but this fine was
remitted in the first parliament Edward III.

John Raleigh married Margaret, daughter and co-
heiress of Sir Richard Bret, kt. He was succeeded
by his son, John de Raleigh, who on the death of his
uncle Simon, united once more the Somersetshire and
South Wales estates of his family. He married
Ismayn, daughter of John Hanham, of Hanham, co.
Gloucester, and had issue two sons, John and Simon,
and two daughters, Maude and Joan. John died s.p.,
and his brother Simon inherited the family estates.

Simon de Raleigh was a great soldier. In 10
Richard II we find him with the duke of Lancaster's
army in Spain, and in 17 Richard II he was fighting
side by side with Sir Matthew Gournay and Sir
Richard Arthur, in Guienne. In temporary disgrace,
when his friend and commander, Hereford was
banished, he must have rejoiced when, accompanied by
another West-countryman, archbishop Arundell, Lan-
caster, as he had then become, landed at Ravensburne.



Personal History. 209

And no doubt Sir Simon brought no small contingent
of stalwart West-country labourers and yeomen to
swell the great force of sixty thousand men, at the head
of which Henry marched triumphantly to London, to
claim the crown. Sir Simon was much in favour with
Henry, who knew how to value a soldier of so much
experience and courage ; and no doubt he held com-
mand amongst the hastily levied forces with which
Henry crushed the northern rebellion at the battle of
Shrewsbury. He survived Henry IV, and we find
him fighting side by side with his old master's son at
the battle of Agincourt.

At length, battered and growing old, Sir Simon
returned home to Nettlecombe, to pass the rest of his
days in peace. His first wife, Ismayn, died soon after
his return, and he married again, Joan, daughter of
Oliver Huish, of Donniford. By neither wife did he
have any issue ; and so, subject to the provision for
the maintenance of a chantry in the chapel of St.
John the Baptist, at Nettlecombe, which he had
caused to be founded in remembrance of the many
miraculous escapes that had been vouchsafed to him,
and in order that prayers might daily be said in it for
the rest of his soul, and that of his wife, and his
cousin, Sir John de Raleigh, he left all his estates to
his sister Joan, who had married John Whalesborough
of Whalesborough, co. Cornwall. We do not know
when Allerford, and the estates which the Raleigh
family held in Porlock, passed away from this family.
It must have been before the building of the present
Church, otherwise, no doubt, they would have assisted
in the re-building of it, and their coat of arms would



2io History of Selworthy.

have appeared amongst those in the chancel. As a
family they were great benefactors to the cause of
religion, and their coat of arms is to be seen at Cleeve
abbey, Leighland chapel, etc.

A member of the Raleigh family, Dr. Walter
Raleigh, the second son of Sir Carew Raleigh of
Fardell, co. Devon, and nephew of the famous Sir
Walter Raleigh, succeeded bishop Montgomery,
whose history is related above, in the benefice of
Chedzoy. Dr. Raleigh held with Chedzoy the livings
of Street, Wilton St. Mary, and Elingdon, and also
Wroughton, co. Wilts. He was a chaplain in ordinary
to Charles I, and was in 1641 appointed to the deanery
of Wells. When the Civil War broke out he fled to
Bridgwater, and on the fall of that stronghold he was
taken prisoner, and imprisoned in his deanery house
at Wells. Here he was murdered on the 10th Oct.,
1646. The late dean of Wells used to show the room
in which the murder was committed. Dean Raleigh
was engaged in writing a letter to his wife, which the
Puritan soldier who kept guard on the room demanded
to see. The dean refused to show the letter, and the
soldier at once ran him through with his sword.

Lucar Family.

Little is known of the Lucar family, but we find the
following notices of them : —

Sir John Gille, M.P. for Minehead, 1625, o.s.J>.,
married Jane, daughter of Hugh Trevelyan, of Yarns-
combe, and relict of Cyprian Lucar.

Roger Greenwood, of North Perrott, Som., gent,
by his will, dated October 27th, 161 3, leaves to his



Personal History. 2 1 1

kinsman, Emmanuel Lucar, " my silver bason and
Ewer." This was E. Lucar, of Maidenbrook, Somer-
set, who had married Wilmot, daughter of Henry
Greenwood, of Torrington, co. Devon. Roger Green-
wood mentions also Mark Lucar, son of above
Emmanuel ; and " his cousin Joan Lucar."

The will of Antony Lucar, of Blackford, Som., gent.,
dated April 2nd, 1625, was proved May 3rd, 1625.
He desires " to be buried in S. Botolph, nr. Billings-
gate London with my father and grandfather." He
mentions " My mother Lady Joan Gill wife of Sir
John Gill, my manor of Blackford, my sister Cicell
Staynings wife of Charles Staynings Esq : my daugh-
ter Ann Lucar. My cousin Emmanuel Lucar of
Maidenbrooke."

George Hobbes, of Stogursey, Somerset, gent, by
his will dated October nth, 1649, proved April nth,
1650, by Dorothy the relict, bequeaths to John
Lucar 40^., Mark Lucar £$, Gabriel Lucar 4cxs\, to his
cousin Charles Luttrell £$, to George Lucar "my
kinsman and servant" i, io. 1

In the Visitations of Somerset we find from a docu-
ment there quoted, that Emanuel Lucar of London
(but apparently of a Bridgwater family), by his wife
Elizabeth, had issue " Mary the elder, Emmanuell,
Henrye, and Jane." " After the decease of his said wife
the said Emmanuell married Joanne, daughter of
Thomas Trumbull of London, the 15th of May, 1541,
and had issue by the said Joanne, Cyprian Lucar the
elder and Luke the younger, Marke, Martha, John,
Matthew, and Mary ; our said father Emmanuell died

1. This will is given at greater length in Brown's Somerset
Wills, hi, 97.



212 History of Selworthy.

the 28th of March, 1574. It is to be supposed that
William Lucar, foster of the forest of Exmore at the
overthrowe of the said kinge Henry the sixth, fled
into Ireland, of whom descended and came the Lucars
of Waterford."

" Richard Lucar took part with Henry VI against
Edward IV, and was with the said Henry overthrown
at Barnett fielde, anno domini 147 1."

Did William Lucar the ranger of Exmoor, temp.
Henry VI, or the hapless Richard Lucar, slain on
Barnet field, own Blackford ? and what relation were
these two worthies to the Emanuell Lucar living in
London in the sixteenth century ? We only know
for certain that Cyprian Lucar, Emanuell's son, owned
Blackford, and married the above named Jane Trevel-
yan, and that his daughter Cecily, on the death of her
brother Antony, succeeded to the estate.

De Ling, Franks, and Clarke Families.

An estate of much antiquity in the parish of Sel-
worthy, although probably never a manor, is East
Lynch. It seems to have been for a considerable
period the possession of a family called De Ling or
De Linch.

One of the steps of the staircase of the church
tower is formed of an ancient tombstone. On it is an
incised and floriated cross, and on one of the bevelled
edges the following inscription : " Le corz de Ricard.
de Ling." The tower is understood to be of a not
later date than the end of the thirteenth or be-
ginning of the fourteenth century. The tombstone
would appear therefore to be of a very early date.



Personal History. 2 1 3

In the Assize Rolls, co. Somerset, 8 Edward 1, No.
579, we find :

Hundred de Karhempton.
" Hugo de Luccomb. Ricus de Lynz.
Galfrus de Lucomb, Wifti Evard.
Willi Musseuls. Robs de Estcote.
Ricus de Avele Jur hundred . Cotemptu in mla

At the Exmoor Forest pleas, held at Ilchester on
"the morrow of the Ascension," 1270, we find the
following presentment : " Hugh de Luccombe is a
wrong doer as to the venison of the Lord King in the
aforesaid forest, who came and was kept in prison.
And the same Hugh was attached at another time by
Richard de Cloutsham, 2s., Richard de Lynch alibi . . ."
This is perhaps the same Richard as is mentioned
above, and it may be his tombstone that is still to be
seen in the church tower. 1

The estate during the Middle Ages belonged to the
ancient West Country family of Franks, which is at
present represented by Sir A. W. Franks, K.C.B.,
F.R.S., etc., of the British Museum. We subjoin a
pedigree of this ancient family, for which we are
indebted to Sir A. W. Franks. An ancient building
to the north of the new farmhouse has a very
ecclesiastical appearance, and a vessel resembling a
holy water stoup was found near it some years ago.
A picturesque Elizabethan house until recently occu-
pied the site of the present house.

West Lynch is an ancient house. It appears in the
reign of Elizabeth to have been the property of the

I. Rawle's Forest of Exmoor, p. 57.



214 History of Selworthy.

Home family. For more than one hundred years it
has been in the family of Clarke.

Rawle Family.

The above family, as the earliest church registers
show, lived in the parish of Selworthy for many gener-
ations, and descendants of the family still exist in the
district. The history of the family has been fully
treated in the recent sumptuous volume of Mr. E. J.
Rawle.

For the annexed very complete series of extracts
from the Somerset Subsidy Rolls I am indebted to
Mr. Chadwyck Healey, Q.C. They are of much
interest, as giving us the names of the families resi-
dent in our parish at the early periods to which they
refer, and also some idea of the population of the
parish at those times. It would appear from these
records that the population of Selworthy in the Middle
Ages was considerably larger than it is at present.
The first list is of those who subscribed to the subsidy
granted to Edward III in 1327. This was the year of
the expedition against the Scotch, in which Edward
was outwitted in so signal a manner by the superior
skill and activity of his foes.

Extract from Subsidy Roll, co. Somerset, 1 Edw. iij

(1327) -H 1 -

This is the collection of the twentieth granted to the
king in the first year of his reign.

Hundred of Karhampton.

Alreford.
From John de Hiwyssti \\)s.



Personal History. 2 1 5

From Alice la Gist xija'.

From Walter Bryendebrok \\)d.

From Thomas Crosman vij


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Online LibraryFrederick HancockThe parish of Selworthy in the county of Somerset, some notes on its history → online text (page 14 of 21)