Frederick Hitchin- Kemp.

A general history of the Kemp and Kempe families of Great Britain and her colonies, with arms, pedigrees, portraits, illustrations of seats, foundations, chantries, monuments, documents, old jewels, curios, etc. online

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Online LibraryFrederick Hitchin- KempA general history of the Kemp and Kempe families of Great Britain and her colonies, with arms, pedigrees, portraits, illustrations of seats, foundations, chantries, monuments, documents, old jewels, curios, etc. → online text (page 35 of 48)
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Church Street, Basingstoke. It is worthy of note that within the hundred of Basingstoke so early
as 1334 there was a piece of land known as " Kempeshete" or '' Kempeshote," and this retained

22. History of the Kemp and Kempe Families.

its name at least down to the time of Elizabeth ; we might from this fact reason that the
Kempes from 1344 held this site, but the absence of records to prove this rather suggests that the
Kempes who held property from the Queen were related closely to the Kempes of Gissing or
Wye, both being represented at the Royal Court at this time.

We must now turn to the known branch of the Kentish family, who for a comparative brief
period exercised considerable power in Hampshire.

The founder of this branch was Edward Kempe, sixth son of Sir William Kempe, Knight, of
Ollantigh, by Ellenor, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Browne. This Edward settled at
" Conns," in the New Forest, and married Elizabeth, daughter of . . . Wilmot, of Oxford
and Gloucestershire. This wife was related to John Wilmot, of Marilebone, and Rose Wilmot,
who married Robert Bromfield, connected with whom were some of the Kempes of Hampstead.
Edward, of the New Forest, died in 1605, and is commemorated by the following inscription
which appears on a brass in Beaulieu Church :

" Here lyeth the body of Edward Kempe

Gent : the sixt sonne of Sir Wilham

Kempe, Knight, who hath left Eli

Zabeth his wife with Thomas, Edward

Frauncis and Robert their sonnes. He

Died the VHth of March ano dni. 1605."

We have failed to trace any will or administration mentioning this couple, but we find that
Thomas, the eldest son, was born in 1557. He appears to have been at Oxford in 1581, and on
the death of his father inherited the patrimony and lived thenceforward at Beaulieu, where he
died in 1622, having married Mary, daughter of Sir William Oglander, Knight, by whom he
had three sons, Francis, Robert and John and two daughters, Elizabeth, who married John Ford,
and Frances, who married Henry Bromfield, J. P., of Dorset. The will of Thomas Kempe, of
"Gins," in Beaulieu (pronounced and sometimes written Bewley), was proved in 1623 (P.C.C,
52 Swan) ; the opening is indicative of the Roman faith, and he bequeathed sums of money to
the poor of Bewley and several servants. He mentions also the following relatives : his brother
Francis, the widows of his late brothers Robert and Edward, Sir John Oglander, Knight, Arthur
Bromfield, Esquire, his "kinsman," Robert Dillingham, Esquire, his brother-in-law George
Oglander, Gent., his wife Mary, and his children, John, Robert, Francis, Elizabeth, Frances and
Amy. He mentions several items of his real estate at Beaulieu, Boulnor and elsewhere, the bulk
of which with his stock and cattle was left to his wife for life and, subject to her interest, to John,
his eldest son, to whom he specially bequeathed his father's " sealed ring." (Impressions from this
ring are extant at the British Museum and doubtless elsewhere, but we fear the ring itself has
passed away.)

John Kempe, the eldest son, duly inherited the estate, and it was he who represented Christ-
church and Lymington in Parliament, and conveyed to the imprisoned King Charles at
Carisbrooke Castle the demands of the Parliamentary Party. He was Mayor of Christchurch in
the following years, 1625, 1033, 1640, and several letters of his are still preserved in the
Corporation chest of Christchurch. He lived chiefly at Bucker's Hard, near Beaulieu, but was
buried at Boldre Church, where a bust with the following inscription still exists there.

D. M. S.

lohannes Kempe, armiger, pietate in Deum,

patriam, parentes et cognatos nulli secundus ;

modestia, humanitate, et vitae integritate

omnibus bonis notus ; e civibus supremi senatus

Hampshire and Isle of Wight. 33

Anglicani non postremus ; exactis 41 vitae annis

mortales exuvias hie deposuit resumpturus

immortales in resurrectione.

Non diu fuit, sed diu vixit.

Obiit die quinto Octobris anno Dni 1652.

Hoc monumentum Henricus Bromfield, armiger,

sororis suae maritus, in perpetuum amoris

testimonium, moestus posuit

Qui clarus fuit, qui charus amicis,

qui patriae fidus, cui decus omne fuit,

occidit ante diem, fatis ablatus iniquis,

et rediit in cineres (proh dolor) ipse suos,

Ouod mortale fuit tumulo requiescit in isto ;

sed nescit leges mens, libitina, tuas ;

nanque expers lethi mortales despicit omnes,

et tenet aetheria pegmata coeli post.

The church register records that John Kempe, Esquire, was buried 7th October, 1652-
His will dated at Haywood, in the parish of " Bolder, in the New Forest," on 23rd October, 1647,
was proved in London on the 28th October, 1652. The will opens with a request that the
testator should " be buried according to the rancke, qualitie and degree it hath pleased the Lord
to place me in," but this clause was struck out before signing. It bequeaths to his mother, Mary
Bromfield, ^500, ;^300 to his " sister," Frances Bromfield, and subject to other legacies it leaves
the residuary estate in trust for William Bromfield, during whose minority his father, Henry
Bromfield, is appointed executor. The testator mentions his lands in " Bewley," Christchurch,
Boldre, Whippingham and at Shalfleete, the two last being in the Isle of Wight. Among the
legatees are the following : Elizabeth, daughter of John Ford (Gent.), the testator's " brother,"
Amy, wife of John Button, Margaret Tollesbury, John Baywood, Robert Dillingham, Esq.,
William Oglander, Esq., the servants on the estates and the local clergy. From this will it
appears evident that this John Kempe left neither widow nor children, and that his possessions
passed to the Bromfields, his mother, as indicated by the will, having married Henry Bromfield,
of Southampton. Thus it seems that William Bromfield, the principal legatee, was half brother
to John Kempe, M.P. We find that " John Kempe, son of Thomas Kempe, of Bewley, Co.
Southampton, Esquire," was entered at Gray's Inn on 2nd May, 1631, there can be no doubt
about this entry referring to the above M.P. for Christchurch, but it is evident that there was a
second John Kempe, of Christchurch, who died there just two years later, his will being proved
in the same Court as the foregoing (P.C.C, 187 Wotton) in 1658- It is dated 3rd October,
1657, and describes the testator ss "John Kemp/, of Weeke, within the parish of Christchurch,
Gent.''^ It mentions the testator's son-in-law, Henry Hopkins, his daughter Mary Hilles, and his
two daughters-in-law, Dorothy and Alice Warwicke, and a grandchild Thomas Hills. The chief
legatee of this will is Tobias Kemp/, who also was sole executor. From the mention of married
children and of the grandchild, we infer that this John Kempt was older than the M.P. Possibly
he was the son of Parson John Kempe, of Freshwater, Isle of Wight, who had sons named John,
Tobias and Caleb.* We may therefore now turn to the notes gleaned of Kempes settled in that

* We say possibly, for whereas Kempts requently become Kemps the converse is rare, the rule being that the more difficult form to
pronounce or write yields to the easier form. John Kempt may have been a migrant from Scotland.

34 History of the Kemp and Kemp e Families.

Isle, the earliest of whom, so far as our information goes, is the said Parson, who is said to have
been beneficed at one time at Clanfield, Hants. The state papers contain many references to him,
and John Fox, in his ''Acts and Monuments," states that he was persecuted in Queen Mary's
time. This John. Kempe is believed to be one of those of his name included in the Alumni
Oxonienses, he being either at All Souls in 1541 or 1546- In either case the fact of his being
at that college points to his being a recognised relative of the Kentish Kempes, who as descendants
of the Founder's Kin (Archbishop Chichele) were entitled to privileges as noticed in our Kentish
section ; he, however, seems to have come from Godstone (Surrey), where the records show that a
line of Kempes had long been settled. The State Papers of 1587 announce his death. Sir
George Carey writing from Carisbrooke Castle to Sir Francis Walsingham says, " The Parsonage
of Freshwater is vacant by the death of Parson Kempe . . . the place is fit for Mr. Browne,
Mr. Fades or some good preacher. (The suggestion as to Mr. Browne also points to the likeli-
hood of this John being near kin to the Kempes of Ollanty, as Elleanor Browne, daughter of Sir
Matthew Browne, of Betchworth Castle, Surrey, was grandmother to Thomas Kempe, of Beaulieu.)
The will of the Parson was proved in 1586-7, being dated at Freshwater in July, 1579. It
bequeaths sums to the poor of that place and to the poor of Gatcomb. Piteous mention is made
of the testator's persecutions in former times, and he explains his actions which have given rise to
questions as to his orthodo.xy. He bequeathed his great Bible to his wife, Anne, with three other
books, and his small Bible to Thomas Banks. He leaves family silver to each of his five children,
John, Tobias, Caleb, Hannah and Grace, and left his real estate at Godstone (Surrey) to Tobias,
his son, and his heirs, or in the event of Tobias dying without issue then to the issue of the said
John and Caleb Kemp. A list of debtors and creditors of the testator was affixed to the will,
mentioning Story, Smith, of Havant, Earle, of Havant, and the testator's brothers Richard and

ToBTAS Kempe, presumably the same mentioned in this will, became steward to the Oglanders,
and is buried under an alter tomb which still exists in the chancel of Brading Church. We have
not traced his will, and, as the records of such at Winchester seem to be very imperfect, we have
little doubt that his is among the documents which have disappeared. We have no trace of his
marriage, but as Kempes were from that time (1620) settled in the parish, it seems likely that the
numerous Kempes of Brading were his descendants or kinsmen. One of the modern representa-
tives of this family was the late Dixon Kemp, whose father (Edward) and grandfather (John)
were both baptized at Brading, where their ancestors are commemorated for generations back by
tombstones and numerous entries in the registers. Dixon Kemp was born at Ryde in 1839, and
from boyhood was an enthusiastic boat builder. His knowlege of naval architecture grew rapidly,
and as a practical yachtsman he gained early fame. One of his books on boat-building has been
translated into German by the order of the Emperor, and is now the recognised text book in the
German Naval Schools. He was a member of many of the chief yachting clubs, yachting editor
of The Fields and contributed articles on aquatic sports to the daily and other papers for a long
series of years. His last work was a huge volume (now sold at £\ 45.) on Naval Architecture, an
authority which will always be a book of reference. He died after a short illness at his residence
at Kensington in 1899 leaving (by his wife, Georgina M. B. Gordon) two children, Gordon
Kemp, born in 1870, and Dorothy Morison Kemp, born ten years later.

We may mention that Dixon Kemp had two great uncles who started branches away from
their native town (George, the eldest brother of his grandfather, remaining at Brading). Charles
Kemp was a silversmith in Fore Street, London, and James was a carriage builder who lono-
flourished at Lime Kiln Lane, Bristol. Descendants of the last still live at Bristol, but we have















BrrfViii' iiili MJBriBit



























^^Ku^f% - ^






Miss Lucy Kemp-Welch,

Margaret Kempe, wife of William Dane,
some time Lord Ma3'or of London.

Elizabeth Watts,
ancestor of all Kemp- Welches.

Sarah . . .=
d. 1813. 1

Ma y K.
1768 1816.

Thomas Kemp,
b. 1758, d. 1763.

Martin Kemp, added:=EIizabeth Watts

George Ki

Issue in Am<

name of Welch in

1795 by Royal


rray K. Augustus K. Anna Maria K. Julia K. b- I772i d. 1837.

b. 1780, m. 1801,
d. 1867.

-A see helow.

James Kemp- Welch, — Mary Ann Hill,
b. 1806, d. 1887. m. 1830, d. 1856.

Emily Olive .;V_ Janet Maria K.-W. Harriet Sophia K.-W.
1832-63 1j_ j8,g_ i3_ 1838, m. i860.

=:Wm. Pratten.
\ Oakes, m. 1867.

^ Kemp-Welch,

Elizabeth K

1live Brown,
m. 1879.

Frank K.-W.
b. 1853.

Thomas K.-W.
b. 1842.

a daughter.


Thomas K.-W.
b. 1819, d. 1842.

Phoebe K.-V\j

Emma K.-W. :=.Alex. Paris,
b. 1846, m. 1877.

Harriet Sophia K.-W.=:Wm. Pratten,
m. i860. of Bristol.

Catherine K.-^g Leckie.
m. 1863.

Erratum : John Kemp-\

Harry K.-W. ^Mary Bevington.
b. 1847, m. 1874.

John K.-W. =Julia A. Grindall.
b. 1658, m. 1884. I

Beryl K.-W.


I Kemp, added^Eli2;ibeth WiU

=Elijabelh Miller.

Elizabelh— Henry K.=Jane Ci<

d. 1877. d. I.S73.' d. 1

Sarah K. Ellen K. Thomas K.

=Wm. Pratten.

George Wdloughby Kemp-Welch, Ridson D. Cope K.-W.

=Eli2abeth Oakes, «i.

Elizabeth K.-W.=Joscph Walton. Jesse Hall K.-W.

Catherine K.-VV.=W. Walmough.

ignes K.-W. =Chas. Co;
39. m. 1864,
d. 1873.

Frank K.-W.


aas K.-W.

Emma K.-W. =.(^1

b. 1853.



b. 1846, m. 1877.

Phoebe K.-W.

Emily Martha K.-W. Mary Grace K.-W.=Hy. .M. Aldri

Catherine K.-W.=L. White.

Stanley Kemp.Wclch,=Wilhelm

Charles Durant K.-W.

Harry K.-W. =Mary Bevington. John K.-W. =Julia A. Grindall.

John Kemp-Welch. Stanley Kemp-Welch.

urn : John Kemp- Welch, "b. 1658 " should read "b.

The Kemps of Dorset. • 35

no actual knowledge of the present representatives of the second London branch of this Brading
Kemp family.

Returning to the issue of the old Parson Kemp we may note that Caleb, as stated in our
Middlesex section, was Vicar of Bradford, Yorkshire, and left issue. We surmise that the other
son John was he who married Alice, daughter of John Talk, of Havant (as stated by Berry's
"Hampshire Pedigrees "), and that it was he who died at Christchurch in 1656, he apparently
being M.P. for that place in 1653 and 1655. The present representative of Sir William Oglander
still resides on the family estates within the parish of Brading, and on referring to the MSS. of
Sir William and his descendants he finds many mentions of the Kempes, who seem to have been
tenants of his family for the last 300 years. The Vicar of Brading has been good enough to sketch
the tomb of Tobias Kemp, and gives the inscription thereon as follows : " Mr. Tobye Kempe,
Ob. 1637, clarke to Sir John Oglander, Knight, of Nunwell."

Another and later conne.xion of Kempes with Hampshire is shown to have occurred by the
will of Anne Kempe, relict of Henry Kempe, of the Inner Temple, proved in 1685 (P.C C,
46 Cann), for this testatrix bequeathed to her daughter Susannah all her real estate in the parish
of Milford, near Lymington, Co. Southampton, with other lands at Whitton, in the parish of
Twickenham, Middlesex, and at Studley Marsh and Padbrooke, in the parish of Lydiard Tregoze,
Wilts. This testatrix was the daughter of William Yorks, of Basset's Down, Lydiard Tregoze,
and her husband, according to an accepted pedigree in the " Visitation of Middlesex " made in
166^, was son of Francis Kemp, a descendant of Bartholomew Kemp, of Gissing. Thus this
Henry was of an entirely different stock from those Kempes of Christchurch and Beaulieu. Henry
died only a few months previous to his wife and was buried in the Temple Church. His will
proved and registered in the same year and book as his wife's, bequeathed his real estate to his
son Edward, who was the executor appointed. Edward Kemp was at Christchurch College,
O.xford, in 1661, and at the Inner Temple in 1669, after which we have no definite trace of him.
Possibly he may be the ancestor of the Dorset Kemps, of whom we shall speak in our next
chapter. .. ■ ,



'T ^TTE have already alluded to the very early Kempes who represented Lyme in Parliament
\ \ / from 1337 to 1340, and again in 1354, and of a Bartholomew of the Norfolk family
VV who represented Shaftesbury in 1584. But so far as we can trace the Kempes of
Poole were not connected directly with either of these. Their ancestors, the Welches, had long
been settled al Beaulieu, Lymington and Christchurch, but it is not known yet how Martin
Kemp, of Poole, the first known ancestor of the Kemp-Welches was connected with those recorded
in our last chapter. One of the family and a friend, who is an expert archaeologist, have searched
the local registers and several in the Isle of Wight, but have not found the baptism of this Martin
nor any other Kemp so named. We suggest that it is probable that the name of Martin as a

36 History of the Kemp and Kemp e Families.

christian name was derived from the surname, as we know of several instances previous to his
date of birth {circa 1722) of Martins marrying Kemps. These are, however, in each case at a
distance from Poole, the nearest being " Luce Martin als Kempe, of Nettlecombe, Co. Somerset,"
a widow, who made her will in 1660 and died in 1663, leaving her daughter, "Ursula Martin als
Kemp," executrix and principal legatee. She mentions also her son Baldwin, her daughter
Dorothy, and her grandchildren, Joane and William Gierke. Susannah Kemp, of Richmond, in
her will dated 1684 (P.C.C, 33 Lloyd), desired to be buried near her father and mother in the
Church of St. Dunstan-in-the-West, London, with eight or ten escutcheons of arms over her.
She left numerous legacies, but we need only mention here that she included the names of
Elizabeth, wife of Humphrey Clerke ; her niece, Rodya Martin, wife of John Martin, of Old
Change, London ; her nephew, Sir Francis Pemberton, Knight, and her niece, Anne Southby.
These names identify the testatrix as a member of the Buckingham branch of the New Forest
Kemps, and thus near kin to John Kempe the M.P. for Christchurch. It would seem highly
probable therefore that Martin Kemp, of Poole, derived his name from these Martins, and that
he was akin to the Kemps of High Wycombe, Bucks, and their Hampshire cousins. Against this
theory, however, we must range the following evidence, which is local but very scattered.
Edward Kempe, of Poole, married Edith Hawkins in August, 1665; Edith Kemp, a widow,
was buried there in 1715 ; Edward Kemp, baptized at Poole in 1666 (evidently the eldest son
of this couple), married Joan Guy there in 1690, and a son Edward was baptized there in that or
the following year. In 1709 Edward Kemp, a maltster, of Poole, married Jane Crocker, a widow,
and in 1722 Benjamin, the son of Edward and Rachell Kemp, was baptized there. Beside these
we have the following apparently collateral line. Benjamin, the son of the first named Edward,
was baptized there in 1668. Administration of his estate was granted to Edith Seagar in 1707,
and Nicholas, the son of Nicholas and Mary Kemp, was baptized there in 1716.

The Kemp- Welch family held property in the Isle of Wight, but there are no wills at Winchester
recording such property ; indeed, it is astonishing that all the Kempes of Brading should have
passed away without having recorded one will or administration. Calbourne is one of the places in
the Isle of Wight which comes under notice, and the registers have been searched. They, however,
included but two rather late Kemp items, William, buried 1781, and John, buried 1782. These
were, it is thought, the sons of Thomas Kemp, of Brexford, who, with Ellen Grey, were adminis-
trators of the estate of Elizabeth Kemp, their mother, formerly of Newton, who died about 1740,
she being the widow of Richard Kemp, of Calbourne, whose will was proved in London 1732-
Arreton Registers also include a few Kempes between 1694 and 1704, and those of Newport
contain Kemp entries between 1680 to 18 13. In the last case at least more than one family of
the name is represented, for Lucretia, daughter of John Purcell Kemp, who was baptized there
in 1741, was certainly of a Yorkshire family, her baptism being performed here owing only to
her father being temporarily stationed with his regiment in the Isle of Wight. The aunts of this
John Purcell Kemp were employed in the British and German Royal Courts as governesses or
some such capacities, and they are frequently mentioned in the state papers and treasury papers
of the period. It is not impossible that they were related to the Kemps of Poole, but we do not
think this at all probable.

We must in any case leave the matter in doubt as to the parentage of the first Martin Kemp,
of Poole, his baptism, as we have said, has not been traced, and except that he is said to have been
nearly fifty years of age when he died we have no clue as to the date of his birth. We know that
he married at Poole on i6th April, 1755, Mary, the daughter of Robert Welch, of Lymington.
Both were buried at the Congregational Chapel at Poole, he in 1772 and she in 1805- His

The Kemps of Dorset. 37

will was proved in London within two months of his death (P.C.C, 297 Taverner). Therein he
is described as a merchant, of Poole, and he bequeathed to his wife his household goods absolutely,
and the leasehold estates in the Isle of Wight (which he held from Sir John Barrington) to her
for life, after which this and his residuary estate was to be divided among his children, George,
John, Mary and James, all of whom were minors. Martin Kemp is not mentioned in the will ;
indeed, being posthumous double probate was obtained that he might obtain in due time his
share of the property, consisting largely of the merchant business, which, in accordance with
directions in the will, was carried on by John Green, of Poole, and John Holding, of the City of
London, banker, until the eldest child, George, could manage it. The business proved well
founded, and under its new management prospered exceedingly.

We need not give here details of all the baptisms, marriages and births recorded in the
registers of Poole Church and the Congregational Chapel there ; it will suffice to say that nearly
all the descendants of this Kemp and Welch alliance were stout supporters of Congregational
Churches, most, indeed, being identified with that of Poole, while those who migrated to Bristol,
London and elsewhere have mostly identified themselves actively with the churches of the
same body.

George Kemp, of Poole, the eldest son, married twice, first to Sarah . . . and secondly
to Elizabeth Pearce, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. His eldest son George
married Elizabeth Miller, and several of his descendants are now in America. George Kemp, the
elder, died in 1845 aged eighty-nine, and his son George died at Michigan, United States, in
1865, aged seventy-five. Henry, the second son, also married twice and had two sons, Thomas
and Francis, and three daughters. He died in 1872 aged eighty-three. Mary, one of the
daughters of George Kemp, the elder, married Richard Hamer in 1821, her sister Sarah dying

The second branch of the senior George Kemp's family is represented by Francis H. N. C.
Kemp, of Brecknock Road, London, who is a son of Francis John, the second son of Henry Kemp,
the second son of George Kemp, the elder.

Returning to the second Martin Kemp, of Poole, we noted that he was born shortly after his
father's death in 1772 ; he married Elizabeth Watts in 1830, she being related to Isaac Watts
" the Divine," so well known from his hymns. It was this Martin Kemp who by Royal Patent
added the name of Welch to his paternal surname. The Zo«^o7z Gazette of May i6th, 1795,
contains the following, dated from Whitehall :

"The King has been pleased to grant unto Martin Kemp of Tower Hill, London, son of Martin Kemp of Poole,
Dorset, His Royal Licence and Authority that he and his issue may take the surname of Welch in addition to that of
Kemp in compliance with the wish of hi smaternal Uncle George Welch Esquire, of the City of London, Banker."

All the descendants have duly used the compound name, but we are not sure that every
person at present styling themselves by that name is an actual descendant of the second Martin
Kemp, to whose issue the use of that name was limited. Strange to say, although some ;^5oo

Online LibraryFrederick Hitchin- KempA general history of the Kemp and Kempe families of Great Britain and her colonies, with arms, pedigrees, portraits, illustrations of seats, foundations, chantries, monuments, documents, old jewels, curios, etc. → online text (page 35 of 48)