ceeding conflict arose inevitably between the
Englishmen and the Dutchmen, and the fight-
ing in this book is frequent and fierce. In-
deed, we have not met in fiction such a bat-
tered hero as the narrator of the story for
a long time. His tribulations come fast and
furious, and cover a wide range of experi-
ences. In one of them he falls into the hands
of a gypsy, who breaks and slits his nose,
THE LITERARY NEWS.
sc^rs his cheeks, and tattooes his body in
order to destroy his identity. The sentimental
interest of the story movels around the love
of Vavasour (the narrator) for the daughter
of a Dutch doctor. In each case other en-
gagements have been made for the lovers,
and many heads are cracked and much blood
is shed before their troubles are over. We
do not find ourselves moved greatly by the
love-making. The strength of style that char-
acterizes the fighting episodes is scarcely sus-
tained here. There is, however, plenty of life
and movement in the story, and if it is the
work of some unworldly recluse who does not
know the A B C of publishing, it is a very
creditable performance. We are much more
inclined to think, however, that it is the work
of a practised hand. (Lane. $1.50.) Lon-
don Literary World.
This Little World.
This is not a novel with a lay-figure hero.
It is the story of a man. Whether driving
his schooner through a lake storm, or quell-
ing a lumber yard mutiny, or sacrificing his
love for the sake of a friend, Hunch Badeau
is every inch a man. Those who like gen-
uine manhood will like Hunch Badeau. He
lives in a country full of interest and inci-
dent, on the shore of Lake Michigan. He
is a sailor, and he knows by experience why
it is that the life-saving men have their out-
fit in such good order, and keep in training
Courtesy of A. S. Barnes & Co.
G. W. OGDEN.
by constant drills. He is a landsman, and he
knows the smell of newly cut lumber, and
the buzz and clatter of the great saw mills.
Also, he knows love, and he knows friend-
ship. He doesn't preach, in fact his language
isn't fitted to the pulpit, but unconsciously,
and prompted simply by the bigness of his
heart, he exemplifies the teachings of the Ser-
mon on the Mount. Many things happen in
this novel. Some of them are exciting, some
pathetic, some humorous. They all have the
atmosphere of truthfulness, which character-
izes the American manhood of Hunch
Badeau. How the love story develops in the
end is the author's part, and he has done it
more than well. This story is fresh, strong
and real, and it takes hold. Readers will like
it, and they will remember Hunch Badeau.
(A. S. Barnes & Co. $1.25.)
Courtesy of A. S. Barnes A Co.
Within the Pale.
Mr. Davitt's remarkable book is based
upon personal investigation of extraordinary
conditions in Russia, which have not been
fully described before. He went to Kishineff
on the first outbreak of the anti-semitic per-
secution. His material was gathered at first
hand, and his descriptions are accompanied
by a historical account of race persecution in
Russia, and by personal and official testimony
regarding a modern St. Bartholomew's.
The immediate occurrences at KishineflF,
dramatic and tragic as they were, form only
THE LITERARY NEWS.
From "Wally Wanderoon." Copyright,
1903, by McClure, Phillips & Co.
THE TALKING MACHINE.
a part of a book which for the first time pro-
vides a permanent history of the impossible
conditions prevailing within the Pale of Set-
tlement allotted to the Russian Jews. The
story which he tells is poignant in its interest,
and it is written in a spirit of fairness and
based upon personal investigation at Kishin-
eff and elsewhere.
It will be found difficult to believe that in
the twentieth century such conditions of so-
cial and economic life and religious prejudice
exist as Mr. Davitt discovered in his travels
in Russia. To American readers a book which
has permanent value will appeal with peculiar
force, not only from the interest, strangeness
and historical value of the narrative, but also
on account of American sympathy with the
oppressed, and, furthermore, the practical
questions as to a people many of whom look
to emigration to America as their means of
Mr. Davitt's book gives the first adequate
account of conditions which exist nowhere
else in the world to the extent which obtains
among the Russian Jews of the Pale of Set-
tlement. As an author of high standing, and
a trained investigator with a long and varied
experience, Mr. Davitt was peculiarly well
equipped for a broad and comprehensive ex-
amination of his subject. He has written a
book of absorbing interest and practical and
lasting value which affords the only adequate
account of the entire subject. (A. S. Barnes
& Co. $1.20.)
Old Paths and Legends of New^ England.
Miss Katherine M. Abbott is well known
for her popular little volume "Trolley Trips,"
describing the old New England neighbor-
hoods that may be reached by electric car.
Her new book, "Old Paths and Legends of
New England," has grown out of the earlier
work and tells, as its subtitle indicates, of
"saunterings over historic roads, with
glimpses of picturesque fields and old home-
steads, in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and
New Hampshire." Miss Abbott has utilized
her fund of material to draw a delightful
picture of the quaint byways of New Eng-
land. But in this book her wanderings are
not restricted by daylight, or carfares, or
gaps in the trolley circuit. Historic spots of
national interest, curious and charming out-
of-the-way places, Indian legends, and Yan-
kee folk-lore are given their full place in
these entertaining pages. The book is a true
interpretation of the spirit of old New Eng-
land. (Putnam. $1.50.)
From " The Shadow of Victory." Copyrigh
1903, by G. P. Putnam's Sons.
A RIDE FOR LIFE.
Wally Wanderosn and His Story-Telling
If Joel Chandler Harris were not known
a? the author of the Uncle Remus stories, he
would have quite as much fame as the author
qL "Wally Wanderoon and his Story-Telling
Machine." It is a book of delights for either
children or grown-ups, and the tales that are
in it are so widely different that there is sure
to be one to please even by the most cranky
reader. These are fairy tales, folk-lore tales,
adventure tales, negro dialect tales, and tales
from the "Good Old Times," and they are,
perhaps, the best of all.
The book is in the form of a story, within
which all these stories are told. Buster John,
Sweetest Susan, Drusilla, the little negro
girl, and stumpy, waddling, fat Wally Wan-
deroon, always hunting for the "good old
times we used to have," are the characters.
THE LITERARY NEWS.
It is to amuse the youngsters that Wally
Wanderoon set his machine going, but it does
not tell all the tales. Wally himself tells
some, and even Drusilla, who had been hard
to please, tells one of the kind that she thinks
is good and it is quite the funniest of the lot.
The illustrations, by Karl Moseley, are un-
usually original and interesting, and will
surely amuse children and teach them as
much as the stories. (McClure, P. $1.60.)
supernatural seem now and then about to
open ; but the singular tale moves quietly on
its episodical way, maintaining its poise rath-
er among the optimisms, human generosities,
and spiritual aspirations of this sunny-
hearted "common man" than on the plane of
downright superstition ; though in Pa Glad-
den's simple soul there is a weak side toward
the mysterious and the supernatural.
"Pa Gladden : the Story of a Common Man"
From ''Pa Gladden.
Copyright, 190 J, by The Century Co.
Pa Gladden: Th Story of a Common Man.
"Pa Gladden" is one of the most original
and entertaining characters that have sprung
to light in recent fiction. In him is a unique
mingling of religious sentiment and racy
humor. The story of his singular experi-
ences in a remote community his relation to
the people and the animals among whom his
kindly life is led has a strange fascination.
There is a haunting suggestion of other-
worldliness in the narrative; the gates of the
is likely to be one of the most notable books
of the year. The author, Elizabeth Cherry
Waltz, is the literary editor of the Louisville
Frederick Upham Adams, author of "The
Kidnapped Millionaires," has written "John
Burt," also a story of present-day business
"John Burt" is the first novel since the pub-
THE LITERARY NEWS.
lication of "The Pit" that has its heart inter-
est so vividly woven about the stock ticker.
The hero of this powerful story was modelled
after one of the greatest and most prominent
financiers of to-day.
It is a rattling good story of great force, and
tells of the unexpected separation of the hero,
John Burt, from the girl to whom he had just
old John Burt are wonderfully real creations.
(Drexel Biddle. $1.50.)
Encyclopaedia of Household Economy.
This is a handbook of household manage-
ment. Here is domestic science condensed
ir.to a nutshell. Some of the very valuable
information may be found elsewhere a bit in
From "John Burt '
Copyright, 1903, by Dreiel Biddle.
LIKE A COLUMN PUSHED FROM ITS BASE HE FELL.
become engaged. His struggles for riches
and recognition in the far off California are
favored with the height of success, and after
years he returns to New York City incognito
and directs an enormous financial movement
against his vital enemy, one of the richest
and most powerful brokers in that place.
This incident leads up to one of the most
thrilling and exciting situations that has ap-
peared in recent fiction. The characters of
the chums John Burt and James Blake and
the cook-book perhaps but not much of it,
and none of it so clearly and helpfully ex-
pressed. The purpose of the book is to give
light to the groping housewife, and not only
to tell what should be done to keep the house
in order and going properly, but to show
how it can be accomplished. The encyclo-
paedia's leading qualities are its simplicity, its
directness, its practicability, and its thor-
It touches every side of household activity.
THE LITERARY NEWS.
It begins with the kitchen, and goes through
the house, treating of each room in turn, and
showing how each can be best kept in order,
what it should be provided with as in pan-
tries, dining-rooms, and bath-rooms and
crops by the way a thousand little suggestions
for the increase of comfort and smooth run-
ning. It takes up also the outside offices of
the establishment, and gives hints on the care
of the stable animals, the dairy, the lawns and
gardens, etc. A number of chapters are de-
voted to general subjects, such as repairs and
renovations, the care of household articles,
pointers in plumbing in fact, to catalogue
all the subjects treated would be to make a
list of all the most common household ignor-
It is a book sure to prove useful to the
executive officer of any house, whether she
be experienced or not. No woman in search
of information on domestic matters will ap-
peal to it in vain. (McClure, Phillips, net,
The Man with the Wooden Face.
Made of the simplest material, with but a
slight thread of plot, and that merely another
love story, this novel keeps the reader inter-
ested from first page to last.
A poor little London music teacher, her
youth all but lost in a vista of gray, unevent-
ful years of narrow poverty and soul-killing
work, her affections starved by the monotony
of a life without change, without wider in-
terests, without hope, spends three weeks in
a summer resort in the Welsh hills. Her
youth gone, the Indian summer of woman-
hood lies still before her, parched and dry in
the prospect, yet with the possibility of years
of flowers if chance will but help. At the
hotel she meets the Man with the Wooden
Face. This is really all the plot needed by
the author for the foundation of her restful,
wholesome, entertaining story.
But the hotel has many other guests, and
these fill in the background to perfection, for
each of them is a good study. There is the
Effective Girl, the huntress of a husband
whom love, at which she has scoffed, touches
at last, her maneuvering to oust her rival be-
ing unhampered by scruple; the Brown-Eyed
Girl, and the young Medical, the happy pos-
sessors of youth and good looks, whose path
runs smoothly; the Old- Young Girl, the Ar-
tist and his wife, the Widow, the Boy all
the company that is found in an American
summer resort as well as a Welsh one, with
all the little doing and passing interests.
None of the characters in this story has a
name; only designations are used, even the
hero and the heroine remaining unto the
very end the Man with the Wooden Face and
the Little Teacher. Most of them thus be-
come both types and individuals, and in either
capacity they are most satisfactory. This
"trick," if so it may be called, fits strikingly
well the treatment of the story, in which, in-
deed, no false note is struck, from the first
to last. An unpretentious novel, this, but
one of sound workmanship and full of the
charm that endears. (Fox, Duffield & Co.
$1.50.) Mail and Express.
History of the Carnegie Steel Company.
There has just been published in a limited
edition a "History of the Carnegie Steel Com-
pany," of which a few copies have found
their way into Wall Street. The author is
James Howard Bridge, who is said to have
been at one time private secretary to Andrew
Carnegie. His book, which is not particularly
sparing of criticism upon Mr. Carnegie, traces
in close detail the history of the latter's steel
business from its inception in 1858 to its ab-
sorption, as the Carnegie Company, in 1901,
by the United States Steel Corporation.
Much space is. devoted to the effort made by
Henry C. Frick, Henry Phipps and Judge
William H. Moore, in 1899, to arrange for
the purchase of the Carnegie-Frick properties,
with the view of combining them. Mr. Car-
negie asked $1,000,000 for a ninety days' op-
tion on his entire interest, at a price of $IS7.-
950,000, and afterward raised the option fig-
ure to $1,170,000. If the sale had been con-
summated, Mr. Bridge says, it would have
been on the basis of $250,000,000 for the en-
tire property, except the company's holdings
of the H: C. Frick Coke Company and allied
interests. The money market disturbance, due
to the death of ex-Governor Flower, how-
ever, made it necessary for Judge Moore and
his associates to seek an extension of their
option; but this Mr. Carnegie refused to
grant, and he also exacted payment of the
$1,000,000 forfeit, according to the book.
When the Carnegie Company was sold to
the United States Steel Corporation, Mr.
Bridge says, if all the stockholders of the
former company had been treated alike, the
price received would have been $626,267,040
in securities of United States Steel, which at
the market price v/ould have been worth
$447,416,340, or nearly double the price at
which Judge Moore obtained an option on the
The attempted transfer of Mr. Prick's stock
THE LITERARY NEWS.
without his consent, under the so-called "iron-
clad agreement;" Mr. Frick's vigorous re-
sistance and the Atlantic City compromise,
and the consequences of the threat of Mr.
Carnegie to construct a tube plant at Con-
neaut Harbor, on Lake Erie, are fully treated.
The book also contains a letter said to have
been written to Mr. Frick on May 15, 1899,
by Charles M. Schwab, who said that Eng-
land could not make steel rails at a net cost
of less than $19 a ton, while the Carnegie
Steel Company could make rails at less than
$12 a ton and ship them abroad so as to net
$16 at the works for foreign business. The
price of steel rails here at the time was
$28.12 a ton, with some contracts running be-
low $20. Mr. Schwab prophesied on the
basis of this fact that the Carnegie Steel Com-
pany was going to control the steel business
of the world. (Aldine. $25-$ioo.) AT. Y.
Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XI I L
The Encyclicals of Leo xiii. make the best
possible memorial of the deceased Pontiff.
Not only do they reveal his character and
views in the most important events of his
reign, but they also help us to trace the origin
of his style and influence as a writer. The
time was not wasted that Leo devoted to writ-
ing Latin verse. The sententious and epi-
grammatic utterances in his Encyclicals are
clearly traceable to this scholarly practice.
It is not always possible to give in English
the full value of the Latin in which for the
most part these Letters were written ; but
the identity of the writer is discernible
throughout. They are Leo's own composi-
tions, and they express his views in his own
peculiar manner, with a calmness aind a pa-
tience that has time and attention for every
detail. One will not read far before perceiv-
ing how erroneous it is to consider Leo xjii.
a "liberal" pope. Conciliatory he is in the
highest degree, tactful and always careful to
palliate an unpleasant statement. It is amus-
ing to hear people condemning Pius ix. for
his "Syllabus of Errors," and praising Leo
for his liberalism, when one finds every error
of the Syllabus treated in succession in these
Encyclicals, but with such reasonableness that
every one agrees to condemn the error instead
of railing at the venerable writer.
Leo XIII. was an unsparing enemy of error
and of all who tolerated it. He had no pa-
tience with men who sought official positions
as a means of propagating error, or with those
Who permitted them to obtain such offices.
He never failed to insist on his right, and
the right of the Church, to help the State in
But it is chiefly in Letters which deal with
the gravest questions of our day that Leo is at
his best. Take for instance his Letter on the
Relation of Employer and Workman. What
simple wisdom it contains for solving disputes
between capital and labor !
The principal Encyclical Letters of Pope
Leo XIII., treating of the important questions
of the day, have been collected into a vol-
ume by Rev. John J. Wynne, S.J., and pub-
lished by Benziger Brothers, New York, Cin-
cinnati and Chicago. ($2.)
Keabings from Nero Books.
WHAT IS HAPPINESS?
"What a tremendous range men's ideas of
happiness cover," said Dr. Beauchamp. "I
suppose our conception of what constitutes
happiness is a fair measure of our civiliza-
"Let us canvass the table," Mrs. Sordello
said. "Dr. Hunt, what is your conception of
"The present moment."
"If you take refuge in compliments we shall
have no interesting revelations of character.
The truth, please."
"I gave you a truthful answer, but if you
v.'ish another my conception of happiness is
a friendly dog at my feet and an uncut edition
cle luxe in my hands."
"Beautiful! Dr. Penfold, what is yours?"
"Mine, Mrs. Sordello a good cigar, and
an unknown quantity, the more elusive the
Barbara smiled across at her husband. She
seemed as pleased by his little speech as if it
had been a gallant token to her bridehood.
"And yours, Miss Ravenel ?"
"Now, Perdita, speak the truth," Mrs. Joyce
said. "Don't hide behind your wit."
"I shall hide behind Maeterlinck and say
the enchantment of the disenchanted."
A laugh went up.
"Now, Mr. Waring, yours !"
"To have a joy withdrawn while you are
at the height of it."
"Ah, you people of a younger generation !"
Professor Sordello said; "how you revel in
subtleties. No one has asked me yet my con-
ception of happiness."
"Tell us," Perdita said.
"To be able to endow a theatre for the re-
vival of Elizabethan drama."
"Will you give me a life-chair in the or-
chestra?" said Perdita.
Dr. Beauchamp leaned a little toward his
"Will you not ask the lovely young woman
iji white her conception of happiness?"
"Ah, that is the bride, Mrs. Penfold."
"Is she a bride? Her expression is sad."
"Mrs. Penfold, will you not tell us yours?"
THE LITERARY NEWS.
Mrs. Sordello spoke sweetly, a look of en-
couragement in her eyes. Barbara's beautiful
dress had pleaded for her this evening.
She blushed now, feeling the eyes of the
company fixed upon her. But, as once before,
when called upon in class to read Virgil, her
pride came tc her rescue, mingled with an-
other feeling, the desire to do credit to her
husband. She was silent for a moment, as if
thinking, then she said:
"Isn't it when one has done the best one
can to know how to fail gracefully?"
There was a half-suppressed murmur about
the table. Waring remembered Barbara's way
of surprising people. Dr. Beauchamp leaned
"Mrs. Penfold," he said in his low voice,
vibrant with an exquisite courtesy, "we award
you the prize. Some of us desired the im-
probable but at least one can, as you say,
fail gracefully." (Appleton. $1.5.0) From
Sholi's "The Law of Life."
BACK TO MY TURRET.
Selden turned, and Eleanor, her face aglow
with happiness, her hands outstretched like
a child's, was standing in the doorway.
"You have heard?" he said.
She came to him and impulsively took his
hand in both her own.
"Yes, they have told me," she said, "and
I have come to thank you to thank you for
this and for all that you have done for me.
You do not yet know what you have done."
"Well," he said, smiling, "I seem to have
brought the sunlight back into your eyes, lit-
tle Eleanor, and that is enough."
"And may I not hope that your own life
will be brighter for your descent into the
"Perhaps it was an ascent, after all," he
"Then I pray that you may climb on to
happiness to happiness such as you have
brought to me."
Selden turned away. His face was flushed,
his eyes strangely brilliant.
'Atonement' ! Could the old man have
But Eleanor went on.
"I could not tell you all until the fear of
this disgrace had passed away ; for I, too, am
proud, and and it was not for my happi-'
ness only that you were fighting, sir. It was
for mine, and Fitzhugh's also."
"For Fitzhugh's?" He looked back at her
quickly, but he did not yet understand.
"I promised Fitzhugh in Virginia that I
would be his wife if our name should be
saved from this dishonor."
For an instant Selden stared into vacancy;
then the brilliancy passed from his eyes, the
unwonted color from his cheeks. He re-
covered himself with a little start, like one
awaking from a sleep.
"Back to my turret !" he said, under his
breath, and the slow smile came back into
his face. "Why, it's like a story in a story
book !" he said aloud. "And I never guessed
it." He took her hand. "Fitzhugh is worthy
of your love, little Eleanor, and for his sake,
no less than yours, I am glad we won our
fight. And to think that he, too, had a per-
sonal interest in the appropriation bill for the
And now the others entered, and with them
several who had aided him and Burwell.
'Why, John," he called out to Burwell, "see
what a simpleton I am. Here have I been
winning Fitzhugh a wife from an appropria-
tion committee, and I didn't know it. Well,
it's a good thing I shan't have to pose much
longer as a politician. I was on the point of
forgetting that I was a congressman." (Mac-
millan. $1.50.) Fror;- "A Gentleman of the
LITERATURE AS SHE IS MADE. 4
It had not taken Hartley long to find that
the United News Bureau was looked on with
considerable contempt, with even hatred, by
th( ordinary New York newspaper writer.
These upholders of sometimes dubiously con-
ventional journalism made it a rule always to
refer to the bureau as "the Bgiler-Plate Fac-
tory," and night and day they watched it with
suspicious eyes for evidences of violated copy-
right. But the bureau knew its business, and
the different members of its staff had long
since been schooled in the deft execution of
what was not inappropriately termed a "plate
sneak." This form of literary gymnastics
consisted in the bodily appropriation of any
desired article, sermon, story, or essay, the
copy purloined being neatly disguised by a
false face, as it were, in the substitution of a
freshly written introduction. An original para-
graph or two was attached to the end, with,
perhaps, the interpolation of an occasional