G. G. (George Gordon) Coulton.

A medieval garner; human documents from the four centuries preceding the reformation online

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iii?g|i;i^f:i;!!l



'JjjeHHkHHHs! firs'?? !■ J " 'i^" t^-




Jl medieval Garner

Q

Human Documents from the Four Centuries ^-*^"^
preceding the Reformation.



SELECTED, TRANSLATED, AND ANNOTATED BY

G. G. COULTON, M.A.

I ;

AUTHOR OF

From St. Francis to Dante, Chaucer and his England, Medieval Studies, etc., etc.



WITH 46 ILLUSTRATIONS.



HonDon

CONSTABLE ^ COMPANY LTD.
1910



ly




7^



400(>^



Co mv JKHtfe.



240068




PREFACE.

[HIS book appeals to the increasing body of
readers who Avisii to get at the real Middle
Ages ; who, however impatient of mere dis-
sertations and discussions, are glad to study
genuine human documents, and to check the general-
izations of historians by reference to first-hand facts.
The Author has, therefore, attempted to compile a
catena of such documents, each more or less complete
in itself, but mostly too long for full quotation by
historians. Moreover, he claims to cover a wider
ground than most of the formal histories. The records
here printed represent thirty years' study among all
kinds of medieval writings, and could scarcely be out-
done in tliis respect but by scholars who have better
work to do. They have been chosen as specially
characteristic of the period, and as appealing also to
that deeper humanity which is common to all minds in
all periods. They treat of clergy and laity, saints and
sinners ; spiritual experiences, love, battles, pageants,
and occasionally the small things of everyday life.
Drawn from six different languages, the large majority
of these extracts are here translated for the first and
perhaps the last time, since they are only the cream
I'rom bulky and often inaccessible volumes. A few are
from manuscripts. If, on the whole, religious life is
more fully represented here, and that life itself in its



vi Preface.

least conventional aspects, this want of strict proportion
is more or less inherent in the plan of the work. We
do not go abroad to meet Englishmen, or into ihe Middle
Ages for the commonplace ; though an occasional touch
of this kind may help to show us the essential uniformity
of little things in all ages. We most want to hear of
those who, for good or evil, stand apart from the rest ;
and in the Middle Ages, as now, the evil generally lent
itself best to picturesque description. The Author has,
however, done all he can, consistently with any measure
of historical truth, to avoid those darkest sides of all
upon which the scope of his From St. Francis to Dante
compelled him to dwell at some length.

Several of the best books, being easily accessible else-
where, are omitted here. Erom one or two more, only
just enough is given to indicate the value of the rest,
already sufficiently translated. It was impossi]3le, within
any reasonable compass, to exploit the rich mine of
Eranciscan and Dominican records also ; a small fraction
of these have already been printed in From St. Francis
to Da/nte, and the rest are reserved for a later volume.
With these necessary exceptions, it is hoped that the
present selection may be in some real sense represent-
ativOo How far it is from being exhaustive, those will
know best who have read most widely. Erom such
critics the Author can only claim indulgence for this
first attempt in English to cover Medieval Life as a
whole.



40, Mill Road, Eastbourne.
Mai/, 1910.



CONTENTS.



PAGE



1 Difficulties of the Medieval Encyclopedist.

Vincent of Beavvais 1

2 The Same. ... ••• Trccisas Hiffden 2

3 The First Millennium. ... Eulph Gluber 4

4 A Fio-htino- Monk. ... Chronicle of Novalese 11

5 The Earliest Recorded Alpine Climb. do. 14

6 Another. ... ... Vincent of Beanvais 10

7 Another. ... Chronicle of Brother Salimhene 16

8 The Three Inseparables. ... " ... Ekkehard 18

9 A Miracle of St. Scothinus. Acta. Sanct. Ilih. 25

10 Another. ... ... do. 26

11 Another. ... ... Acta. Sanct. Bollund 28

12 An English Saint Rescued. ... Eadmcr 30

13 A Confirmation Scene. ... ••• do. 32

-14 Child-Monks. ... ... Custumal of Bee 34

-15 Train up the Child. ... ... Eadmer 37

16 An Abbot's Autobiography... Guibcrt de Nogeat 40

^—17 Popular Canonization. ... do. 48

18 Vivisection. ... ... do. 55 '

19 St. Bernard's Character. ... Trevisas Higden 58

20 His Personal Appearance. .. Alan of Aiixerre 59

21 His Austerities ... ... Etienne de Bourbon 00

22 St. Bernard and the Shepherd Boys. Jacques de Vitry 1

23 A Convent Tragedy. ... John the Hermit 61

24 Rehgious Despair. * ... do. 62

25 St. Bernard and the Novice ... Exord. Cisterc. 64

26 The Lay-brother's Workfellow. do. ()0

27 St. Bernard as Puritan. ... St. Bernard 68
"^28 Bishops in Council. ... Berengarius 73

29 The Heavenly Reapers. ... Exord. Cisterc. 75

30 The Jackdaw of Rheims. ... do. IJ

31 Monastic Poverty. ... do. 79

32 Monastic Discipline. ... Life of St. Stephen 82

33 " Who builds good Churches must

himself be good." ... do. 'f^^

34 Architectural Miracles. ... do. Si .

35 The Religion of Learning. ... ... Abelard 89 ^^

36 History by Revelation. ... Hcnrg of Toarnai 92



vni



Contents.









PAGE


37


Monastic Etiquette.


Hugh of St. Victor


96


38


Hugh of St. Victor's Purgatc


Dry. Etienne de Bourbon


99


39


The Religion of Church-building. Haimon of Dives


100


40


The Changeling Monk.


John of Worcester


105


41


Heretical Puritanism.


Ralph of Coggeshull


108


42


Relics Re-found.


Life of St. fVilliam


111


43


A Precious Windfall.


do.


114


44


A Batch of Superstitions. .


Bart. Iscanus


114


45


The Priest of Evil Omen .


Jacques de Vitry


116


46


Superstition Punished


. Wright^ s Latin Stories


117


47


Father, forgive them I


Prior Geoffrey


118


48


Ditto.


. Life of St. Theodard


119


49


Ditto.


.. Adhemar de Chabannes


119


50


Masses and Money.


Petrus Cantor


120


51


The Eighth Lamp of Architecture. do.


123


52


Archiepiscopal Manners.


. Gervase of Canterbury


127


53


A Royal Inferno.


Peter of Blois


128


54


The Earthly Paradise.


Trevisas Hicjden


131


55


Ancestry of Henry II.


do.


134


56


Fair Rosamund


do.


135


57


A Plain-spoken Patriarch .


do.


136


58


Richard I and the Jews


do.


138


59


Bishop and Pope


do.


140


60


The Jew Converted


do.


142


61


Medicine and Magic


Ha.rleian MS.


143


62


A Saint in Need


Adam of Eynsham


145


63


The Broken Vow


do.


148


-64


Priests in Purgatory.


do.


149


65


The Vision of Paradise.


do.


150


66


Shipman's Law.


Roger de Hoveden


154


67


Life on a Hanse Ship.


J. D. W under er


156


68


Trial by Battle.


Britton


158


69


The Child and the Christ. .


Vincen t of Bea u vais


161


70


Alsace in 1200 a.d.


Chronicle of Colmar


162


71


God's Artist. ...


Theophihis


166


72


Fortifying a Town.


Lambert of Ardres


170


73


Flowers and Fair Ladies.


Walther v. der Vogelweide


173


74


Love and Dream.


do.


174


75


A World growing Old.


do.


175


76


A Vision of King Arthur. .


Lanercost Chron.


177


77


A Royal Nemesis.


do.


178


78


Death of Alexander III.


do.


179


79


Will of the (irriskin.


do.


181


80


Monastic Wizards.


do.


183


81


The Archdeacon's Purse. .


do.


183


82


Travellers' Tales.


do.


185



Contents.



IX













PAOK


83


A Noble Pluralist.


Lanercost


Chron.


186


84


The Demon Monk.




do.




187


85


Overworked St. Francis.




do.




188


86


The Siege of Carlisle.




do.




189


87


The Boy-Archdeacon.


Jacq


ues dc


-'. Vltry


193


88


The Exacting Bishop.




do.




193


89


A Voluntary Nebuchadnezzar


'.


do.




194


90


The Robber's Conversion. ...




do.




194


91


Natural History.




do.




196


92


The Simple Knight.




do.




197


93


A Knotty Question.




do.




197


94


The Stingy Knight.




do.




198


95


The Pilgrims' Perils.




do.




198


96


The Jew and the Blasphemer.




do.




199


97


Wedding Customs.




do.




199


98


Broken Vows.




do.




200


99


The Perilous Familiarity of Women.


do.




200


100


A Sucking Prince.


Godcfr


oid de Bouillon


203


101


The Course of True Love. ...




Flamenca


203


102


The Anatomy of Conversion.


CcRsarius of Heisterbach


209


103


A Knight of the Holy Ghost.




do.




211


104


The Usurer's Fate..




do.




212


105


Mary and Christ.




do.




215


106


The Same.




do.




219


107


The Flesh-pots of Egypt. ...




do.




219


108


A Model Monk,




do.




220


109


Monastic Charities.




do.




225


110


Date and Dabitur.




do.




226


HI


The Might of Temptation. ...




do.




227


112


Monastic Fare.




do.




231


113


Sleep in Choir,




do.




232


114


Richwin and the Nun.




do.




234


115


Richwin's Death.




do.




236


116


The Lay Brother's Ambition.




do.




237


117


Cuckoo, Cuckoo I




do.




238


118


Another Version.


Wrif/ki'


s Latin Stories


239


119


The Impenitent Heretic.


CcBsarius of Hi


cisterbach


239


120


The Storm of Beziers.




do.




241


121


Fasting and Conscience.




do.




242


122


A Good Canon.




do.




244


123


A Simple Soul.




do.




252


124


The Nun's Simplicity.




do.




254


125


A Knight's Conversion.




do.




255


126


Another.


Chronicle


of V^ilars


258


127


The Sin of Tournaments. i


Coisarias of Heisterbach


259


128


Apostles by Lot.




do.




259



Contents.



129 The Sacrament as a Charm

130 Ordeal and Miracle.

131 A Mansion in Heaven.

132 An Evil World.

133 The Castle of Love.
■134 Clerical Examinations.

135 Another Batch.

136 The Wandering Jew.

137 The Knight and the Crucifix.

138 An Oxford Brawl.

139 Norman Parish Priests.

140 Pauper Funerals.

141 Unsuccessful Magic.

142 Iconoclastic Usurers.

143 Unwilling Sceptics.

144 Satan as an Angel of Light.

145 The Wise Confessor.

146 The Anatomy of Heresy. ...

147 The Irishman and the Devil.

148 Pilgrims' Disorders.

149 The Sin of Dancing.

150 A Bishop and his Flock.

151 Saint Greyhound.

152 Boy Archdeacons.

153 A Rhyme of Fair Ladies. ...
-154 Cathedral Visitations — Rouen.

155 Cathedral Visitations — Exeter,

156 Cathedral Visitations — Exeter

157 Cathedral Visitations — Exeter

158 Cathedral Visitations — York.

159 Saint Douceline.

160 A Saint's Apology.

161 Chaucer's Friar in the Making.

162 The Sheep and the Goats. ...

163 A Christmas Pageant.

164 Lion-Taming.

165 Roger Bacon's De spair ^

166 The Cirdruar a O' cspeTT

167 Tricks of Trade.

168 Pardoners and Heretics.

169 Women's Dress.

170 A Lesson in Anatomy.

171 A Mother's Tears.

172 A Strange Election.

173 The Accursed Talmud.

174 The Plurahst's Fate.



PAGE

CcBsarius of Heisterbach 261

do. 264

do. 266

do. 266

Rolandino of Padua 268

Sarum Registers 270

Exeter Registers 273

Matthew Paris 280

do. 284

do. 286

Odo Rigaldi 290

Etienne de Bourbon 296

do. 297

do. 298

do. 299

do. 299

do. 300

do. 301

do. 301

do. 302

do. 304

do. 305

do. 305

do. 308

Reliqui(B Antigua 309

Odo Rigaldi 311

J. de Grandisson 312

Do. 314

Do. 315

Chapter Acts 317

P. de Porcellet 320

St. Bonaventura 324

Do. 329

Thomas of Chantimpre 333

Joannes de Caulibus 334

Villard de Honnecourt 336

Roger Bacon 338

Carmina Burana 347

Berthold of Ratisbon 348

Do. 354

Do. 360

Do. 363

Thomas of Chantimpre 365

Do. 366

Do. 368

Do. 369



Contents.



XI



175
176

178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
- 210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
•220



The Maiden's Psalter. ... Thomas of Chantimpre

Hugh of St. Victor's Purgatory. Do.

Priest and Penitent.

Discipline and Humility.

A Psychological Problem. ...

The Proud Professor.

The Sin of Dancing.

Hunters and Farmers.

The Saving Virtue of a Cowl.

A Narrow Escape.

Who Sups with the Devil

Calf-Love.
Medieval Surgery.
Ulrich and his Dulcinea.



The First Sight of a Saint ...

The Saint's Friends.

Sacred Love.

The Answer.

An Undergraduate's Letter.

Troubles and Trials.

Balm in Gilead.

Last Days.

Grin and bear it.

A Merciful Archbishop,

A Jongleur's Revenge.

Psalm-skippers.

The Three Abbots.

A Woman's Oaths.

The Blasphemer's Reward. ...

The Novice and the Geese. . . .

The Priest's Fate.

The Host Maltreated.

Tit for Tat.

Vengeance Deferred.

A Short Way with all Devils.

A Bishop's Champion.

Wager of Battle and Witchcraft.
An Author's Foreword.

The Siege of Perelada.

A Brief Romance.

Touch not Mine Anointed ! . . .

Oxford Manners.

The Perfect Leech.

The Resourceful J ongleur. ...

The Lay-brother and the Devil.

Witchcraft Extraordinary. ...



Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Ulrich V. Lichtenstein
Do.
Do.
Peter of Sweden
Do.
Christina von Stommehi
Peter of Sweden
Brother Maurice
Christina von Stommeln
Peter of Szveden
Anon.
Wright's Latin Stories
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Liber Exemplorum
Do.
Do.
St. Thomas de Cantilupe
Year Books
Ramon Muntaner
Do.
Do.

Anon

Coroners' Rolls

Anon

Jean de Beaume

Chron. de St-Denis

Do.



370
371
372
373

375 -

376 -^ -

378

380

382

383

385—'

390

403

407

408

410

412-

414

416

420

421

422

422

423

424

424

425

426

426

427

428

429

431

433

434

437 -

438

441

445

448

453

454

455

458



XII



Contents.









PAGE


221


A Precocious Miracle-worker.


Chron. de St-Denis


462


222


The Beatific Vision.


Do.


462


223


The Same. . •••


G. Villani


466


224


Three Monks in Paradise ...


Anon


467


225


A Small-beer Chronicle.


T. von Wolfhac/en


475


226


The Romance of Noah.


Queen Mary'' s Psalter


481


227


The Bishop and his Mother.


R. de Graystanes


483


228


A Lordly Bishop.


Do.


484


229


A Bishop's Latin.


Do.


486


230


Manners at the University of Rome. Anon


488


231


A Knight Errant.


Sir Thomas Gray


490


232


Chaucer's March.


Do.


491


- ^233


Clerical Innkeepers.


Council of Cologne


492


234


Relics at St-Omer.


Anon.


494


235


Tourney and Masquerade. ...


H. Knighton


495


236


The French Pope.


Do.


496


237


The Spaniards on the Sea. ...


Froissart


497


238


A Picturesque Bandit.


Do.


505


239


The Conquered English.


T. Walsingham


508


240


Hermits and an Hermitess.


Do.


509


- 241


A Convent Election.


Do.


514


242


A Monastic Alchemist.


Do.


518


243


A Miraculous Statue.


Do.


521.


244


Another.


Meaux Chronicle


522


245


The Little Red Man.


T. Walsingham


523


246


A Model Pope.


Meaux Chronicle


524


247


A Nation in Arms.


Anon


525


— 248


A Clerical Reference Library.


Hamo of Hythe


529


249


A Popular Miracle.


J. de Grandisson


531


250


Another.


Do.


534


'-251


A Bishop In Partibus.


Do.


538


- - 252


Educational Reform.


Do.


542


253


A Poet's Complaint of the Blacksmiths. Rel. Antiqum


543


254


The Ugly Duckling.


Cuvelier


544


255


Capture of the Castle of Fougeray. Do.


549


256


The Siege of Melun.


Do.


552


257


A Saint's Conversion.


Anon.


557


258


The Almighty Dollar.


Eiistache Deschamps


558


- 259


University Expenses.


Do.


559


260


Graven Images.


Do.


560


261


Marital Amenities.


La Tour-Landry


561


262


Gossip in Church.


Do.


564


263


A Romance of Ruth.


Do.


566


264


The Lost Marriage.


Do.


567


^265


Train up a Wife in the way she should go. Anon.


569


^ 266


Chaucer's Archdeacon.


Do.


569



Contents.



XII



268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279

- 280

- 281
■<.282

^-283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
^^94
295
296
297
298

- 299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310

- 311
312



A Sermon a2;ainst Mir.iole Plays.


Rfl>qii.i(P Ant i qua'


VMiV.

570


Tricks of Trade.


John Gotver


575


Ah, Constantine !


Do.


579


A Programme of Reform. ...


Humbert do, Romans


582


A Second.


Guillaume le Maire


583


A Third.


Guillaumc Durand


584


The Master of Oxford's Catechism. Rel. Antiquce


588


Various Heights of Men. ...


Do.


591


A Mortuary Case.


Anon.


591


Mortuary Profits.


Do.


594


Mortuary Results.


Do.


595


Inscriptions in Books.


Do.


596


Student Bandits in 1422.


Pima to Parliament


597


Pulpit Cursing.


John My re


599


The House of Prayer.


Do.


600


Wives and Widows.


St. Bernardino


605


Medieval Freethinkers.


Do.


618


Talbot's Death.


Math.ieu dc Coussy


619


Wife to Husband.


Paston Letters


627


Husband to Wife.


Do.


629


Business Matches.


Do.


630


The Course of Love.


Do.


662


The Same.


Do.


633


The Same.


Do.


634


The Same


Do.


635


The Same.


Do.


636


The Same. ^


Do.


637


An Etonian's Romance.


Do.


638


On with the New.


Do.


640


A Sad Ending.


Do.


640


A Student's Conversion.


Johann Biisch


641


Book-keeping by Double Entry.


Do.


644


A Determined Preacher.


Do.


647


Exorcism by Common Sense.


Do.


649


A Visitor's Experiences.


Do.


650


Monastic Decay.


Johannes Trithemius


655


Good Ale.


Anon.


659


Wives at the Tavern.


Do.


660


A Saint in Purgatory.


Dormi Secure


663


Popes and Heresy.


Jacobus de Marchia


666


The Odour of Heresy.


Do.


667


The Freshman's Ordeal.


Anon.


670


A Farmer's Will.


Do.


673


Another.


Do.


674


A Bishop's Installation Banquet


Do.


676


English Tails.


Golden Legend


677



XIV



Contents.



313 Animals before the Law, ...

314 Sea-Sickness of the Soul. ...
—^^15 A Noble Bishop.

— 316 Duke and Bishop.

317 The Eve of the Reformation.

318 Prophets without Honour. ...

319 Knotty Problems.

320 Paul's Walk.

321 A Page's Quarrel. ... ^

322 An Ancient Feud.

323 The Iron Hand.

324 A Healthy Appetite.

325 Behind the Scenes at a Miracle

326 An Impostor Exposed.

327 Abuse destroyeth not Use. ...

328 The Half-closed Bible.
^329 Feminine Perversity.

330 Shylock in Provence.

A 331 The End of a World.





PAGE


Anon.


678^-^


Johann Geiler


680


Do.


683


Do.


684


Do.


685


Do.


686


Peter Schott


688


Guillaume Pepin


690


Gotz von Berlicliinqen


692


Do.


694


Do.


696


Lubeckischc Chronik


698


Play. Anon.


701


Sir Thomas More


703


Do


705


Do.


706


Do.


712


Jean de Boiirdigne


716


Do.


720



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



Limburg on the Lahn

A Saint's Bones Unearthed

Clothes on a Perch

Noble Lad J of the 12th Century

The Shrine of St. Alban carried Abroad

The Abbey of Clairvaux

The Portal of Vezelay

The Abbey of Citeaux .

A Masons' Lodge .

The Cellarer at Work .

An Auto-da-Fe of Jews

Champions Fighting

The Earthworks of Ardres .

Belfry and Assavilt

Nurses and Sucklings

A Medieval Mill

The Choir of Heisterbach.

A Castle of Love

Death of Matthew Paris

Gambling and Beggary.

Sculptures from Notre Dame de Dijon

A Country Dance

Bagnorea

The Lion and his Tamer

Sport and Labour

A Surgical Operation .

Bishop VVyvil and hh Champion

David in Heaven playing on a Rote

Limbui'ff from the South-West



Frontispiece



PAGE

7

29

41

51

57

67

81

86

107

141

159

171

191

203

213

232

269

281

291

298

304

325

337

378

387

434

471

475



XVI



List of Illustrations.



Albert III, Duke of Austria, and Founder of the Order

of Tailed Knights (1377) .... 477

Noak and his Ark . . . . . .482

Rethel in the Ardennes .... 493

A Ship of War . . . . . .498

A Sea-Fight ...... 503

A Melee . . . . . . .527

A Cripple ...... 536

Master, Usher, and Boys ..... 542

Storm of Aubenton ..... 553

St. Martin's Mass . . . . . .565

A Medieval Shop . . . . . 577

Conjugal Amenities . . . . .613

The Dying Warrior ..... 625

The Precincts of Maulbronn .... 652

Ship of the 16th Century .... 680

Gotz's Iron Hand . . . . .697

A Miracle of Our Lady .... 701



H /IfteMeval (3arner»



Vincent of Beauvais was born about 1190, and died probably shortly-
after 1260. He was a Dominican Friar, Lector and Librarian to
St. Louis, to whose Queen he dedicated his treatise on the education
of princes. His Sfeculum Majus, or Bibliotkeca Mundi, the greatest
of medieval encyclopedias, was republished even as late as 1624 by the
Benedictines of Douai. The following extract is from chapter viii. of
the Prologue to that book.

1 .— Difficulties of tbe fi^etiietjal (2BncgclopeDist,




OEEOVEE I am not ignorant that Phil-
osophers have said many contradictory
things, especially concerning nature. For
example, some have judged the air to be
naturally hot, as Aristotle and Avicenna ;
while others, as Seneca, have pronounced it to be
cold. Some also assert that a serpent's venom is
frigid, as doth Isidorus ; others again will have it to
be ardent, of whom is Avicenna. Seeing however that
in these and suchhke matters either part of these con-
tradictories may be believed or disbelieved without peril
to our Faith, therefore I admonish the reader that he
abhor not this book if perchance he find such contra-
dictions in many places, and under the names of divers
authors ; the more so as I have herein undertaken not
the office of a composer but that of a compiler. Where-
fore I have taken small pains to reduce the sayings of
the Philosophers to concord, striving rather to repeat
what each hath said on every matter, and leaving the
reader to put faith in one or the other judgment after
his own choice. For, seeing that even many physicians
seem to dissent one from another in their judgment of
the complexion, degree, or quality of simple medicines.



2 A Medieval Garner.

we must reflect that the very complexions of men and
animals and fruits of the earth differ according to the
diversities of regions, so that one of the same kind
may be here an antidote, there a poison. For (to cite
an example) the black poppy is written in physicians'
books for a poison ; yet in our parts men take it for
food. Likewise Avicenna and Rhasus count the stag's
tail as venomous ; which, however, is constantly
denied by physicians in our country.



Kalph Higden, a monk of Chester, died in 1364, His Pohjchronicon
is not only a digest of such chronicles as the author could get hold of,
but also a popular encyclopsedia : it has no original merit, but is most
valuable as showing a learned man's outlook on the world during
Chaucer's boyhood. The book was translated in 1367 by John
Treyisa, chaplain to Lord Berkeley, for whom see the Cambridge Hist,
of Eng. Lit. vol. ii. p. 71. Higden's Latin and Trevisa's English are
printed on alternate pages in the Kolls series : this, and the extracts
which will follow later on, are httle modernized except in the
spelling.

2.— Cbe ^ame«

(Vol. 1, p. 17).

HOUGH feigning and saws of misbelieved and
lawless men, and wonders and marvels of
divers countries and lands be y-planted in
this book, such serve and are good to be
known of Christian men. Virgil sought gold
of wit and wisdom in the fen of Ennius the poet ; and
the children of Israel, in their going into the Land of
Behest, spoiled the Egyptians. That which is in other
books y-written well-wide, and parcel-meal y-planted,
here it is y-put together in rule and in order ; so mirth
to sadness and heathen to christian, ever-each among
other, that strange stories be so abridged, shorted
and y-lengthened that the story is whole, in soothness
nought y-changed. Nevertheless more certain some
is holden than other. For Augustinus, De Givitate Dei,
saith : " We shall trow and worship the miracles



Online LibraryG. G. (George Gordon) CoultonA medieval garner; human documents from the four centuries preceding the reformation → online text (page 1 of 61)