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court, in the reigns of Richard II and Henry IV.

81. Robert de Morley, 1413, in the reign of Henry V.

82. John Dabrichcourt, 141 3, do. do.

83. Sir William Bourghchier, Kt., 1415, do.

84. Sir Roger Aston, Kt., 1420, do. do.

85. John Holland, Duke of Exeter, 1446, in the reign of

Henry VI.

86. James Fienes, Lord Say, 1446, in the reign of Henry VI.

87. John, Lord Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, 1461, in the reign

of Edward IV.

88. John, Lord Dudley, 1473, in the reign of Edward IV.

89. Richard, Lord Dacre, 1473, do. do.

90. John Howard, Lord Howard, 1478, do.

91. Marquis of Dorset, do. do.

92. Sir Robert Brackenbury, 1483, killed at the battle of Bos-

worth Field, in the reign of Richard III.

93. John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, 1485, also Keeper of the

Lions at the Tower, in the reign of Henry VII.



3o6 THE TOWER FROM WITHIN

94. Sir Thomas Lovel, 1509, in the reign of Henry VIII.

95. Sir William Kingston, Kt., 1524, attended Queen Anne

Boleyn to the scaffold, in the reign of Henry VIII.

96. Sir John Gage, 1540, in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward

VI, and Queen Mary.

97. Lord Clinton, 1553, during Lady Jane Grey's brief reign.

98. Sir Edward Bray, Kt., 1556, in the reign of Queen Mary.

99. Sir Robert Oxenbridge, 1557, do. do.

(There are no Constables recorded in the reign of Queen
Elizabeth.)

100. Lord Howard de Walden, in the reign of James I.
loi. Lord Cottington, 1640-47, in the reign of Charles I, when
the Earl of Stafford was executed.

102. General Sir Thomas Fairfax, 1649, under the Common-

wealth.

103. Sir John Robinson, 1660, appointed by Charles II on his

restoration, it is not clear whether as Constable or
Lieutenant. He apparently performed the duties of
both.

104. James, Earl of Northampton, 1674, in the reign of

Charles IL

105. Lord Allington, 1679, in the reign of Charles II.

106. George, Lord Dartmouth, 1684, in the reigns of Charles II

and James II.

107. Lord Lucas, 1688, in the reign of William and Mary,

108. Montague, Earl of Abingdon, 1702, in the reign of

Queen Anne.

109. Lieut.-General Algernon, Earl of Essex, 4th Dragoons,

1707, in the reign of Queen Anne.

110. Lieut.-General, Richard, Earl of Rivers, 3rd Horse, 1710,

in the reign of Queen Anne.

111. George, Earl of Northampton, 171 2, in the reign of

Queen Anne.

112. Charles, Earl of Carlisle, 1715, in the reign of George I.

113. Henry, Earl of Lincoln, 1724, do. do.

114. Lieut.-General, Charles, Duke of Bolton, 1724, in the reign

of George I.

115. Henry Lord, Viscount Lonsdale, 1726, in the reign of

George I.

116. John, Earl of Leicester, 1731, in the reign of George IL

117. General, Charles,- Lord Cornwallis, 1741-62, in the reigns

of George II and George III.



In the
reign of

Queen
Victoria.



APPENDICES 307

118. Lord Berkeley, 1762-70, in the reign of George III.

119. Charles, Earl Cornvvallis, 1770, do. do.

120. Lieut.-General Lord George Henry Lennox, 1783, in the

reign of George III.

121. General the Marquis Cornvvallis, 1785, in the reign of

George III.

122. General Francis, Earl of Moira and Marquis of Hastings,

1806-26, in the reigns of George III and George IV.

123. Field-Marshal the Duke of Wellington, 1826-52, in the

reigns of George IV, William IV, and Queen Victoria.

124. Field-Marshal Viscount Combermere, 1852-65.

125. Field-Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne, 1865-71.

126. Field-Marshal Sir George Pollock, 1871-72.

127. Field-Marshal Sir William Gomm, 1872-75.

128. Field-Marshal Sir Charles Yorke, 1875-81.

129. General Sir Frederick Williams, 1881.

130. General Sir Richard Dacres, 1881-87.

131. Field-Marshal Lord Napier of Magdala, 1 887-90.

132. General Sir Daniel Lysons, 1890-98.

133. General Sir Frederick Stephenson, 1898-1911, in the reigns

of Queen Victoria and Edward VII.

134. Field-Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood, 191 1, in the reign of

George V.



APPENDIX B

LIEUTENANTS OF THE TOWER

1. Giles de Oudenarde, 1274, in the reign of Edward I.^

2. Ralph Bavant, about 1331, in the reign of Edward III.

3. Sir Richard Cholmondeley, Kt., 1513-34, in the reign of

Henry VIII.

4. Sir Leonard Skeffington, Kt., 1534, introduced the "Scaven-

ger's Daughter," in the reign of Henry VIII.

5. Sir Edward Walsingham, in the reign of Henry VIII.

6. Sir William Sidney, do. do.

7. Sir A. Knyvett, Kt., 1546, do. do.

^ There were probably Lieutenants before this date, but no records
of them can be found.



3o8 THE TOWER FROM WITHIN

8. Sir John Murcham, in the reign of Edward VI.

9. Sir Arthur Davey, do. do.
ID. SirEdward Warner, Kt., 1552, do. do.

11. Sir Owen Hopton, Kt., 1553, in the reign of Queen Mary.

12. Sir John Brydges, Kt., 1553, present at execution of Lady

Jane Grey, in the reign of Queen Mary.

13. Sir Thomas Brydges, Kt., 1554, brother of above, in the reign

of Queen Mary.

14. Sir — Bomfield, in the reign of Queen Mary.

15. Sir Robert Oxenbridge, do. do.

16. Sir Edward Warner, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

17. Sir Richard Blount, Kt., 1558-64, in the reign of Queen

Elizabeth.

18. Sir Francis Jobson, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

19. Sir Owen Hopton, 1585, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

20. Sir Michael Blount, Kt., 1588-92 (son of Sir Richard), in the

reign of Queen Elizabeth.

21. Sir Drut(?) Drury, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

22. Sir Richard Barkley, do. do.

23. Sir John Peyton, 1603, in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and

James I.

24. Sir George Harvey, 1603-05, in the reign of James I.

25. Sir WilHam Waad, 1605-13, do. do.

26. Sir Gervase Helwyss, 161 3-1 5, do. do.

27. Sir George More, 161 5-1 7, do. do.

28. Sir Allan Apsley, Kt. 1617-30, in the reigns of James I and

Charles I.
(Interval during which the Gentleman Porter carried on the
duties of the Lieutenant.)

29. Sir William Balfour, 1631-41, in the reign of Charles I.

30. Colonel Sir Thomas Lims ford, 1 64 1, do. do.

31. Sir John Bivan, do. do.

32. Sir John Conyers, 1642, Parliamentarian, in the reign of

Charles I.

33. Sir Isaac Pennington, 1643, Parliamentarian, in the reign of

Charles I.

(An interval of 17 years.)

34. Sir John Robinson, 1660-79 i^^^° acted as Constable, and was

Lord Mayor of London, 1662-63), in the reign of Charles II.

35. Captain Thomas Cheek, 1679-85 (was Lieutenant in 1683

when the Earl of Essex was murdered, or committed
suicide), in the reign of Charles II.



APPENDICES 309

36. Sir Edward Hales, 1685-88, in the reign of James II.

37. Sir Bevil Skelton, 1688, do. do.

(After Sir Bevil Skelton the actual appointment of a separate
Lieutenant seems to have been in abeyance for some years. In
the Tower records during this period Lord Lucas is shown as
both Constable and Lieutenant, and Lieut.-Colonel John Fare-
well is shown both as Lieutenant and Deputy-Lieutenant.)

38. Charles Churchill, Esq., in the reign of Queen Anne.

39. Brigadier-General Cottingham, do. do.

40. Lieut.-General William Cadogan, 1709-15, in the reign of

Queen Anne and George I.

41. Lieut.-General Hatton Compton, 1715-41, in the reigns of

George I and George II.

42. Lord Henry Paulet, 1742-54, in the reign of George 11.

43. Charles, Marquis of Winchester, 1754-60, in the reign of

George II.

44. George Paulet, Esq., 1760-63, in the reign of George III.

45. Lieut.-General Vernon, 1763-18 10, do. do.

46. Lieut.-General Loftus, 1810-1831, in the reigns of George III

and George IV.

47. Colonel George, Earl of Munster, 1831-33, in the reign of

WiUiam IV.

48. Lieut.-General Sullivan Wood, 1 833-1 851, in the reigns of

William IV and Queen Victoria.

49. Major-General Sir G. Bowles, 1851-76, in the reign of Queen

Victoria.

50. Lieut.-General Charles L. Maitland, 1876-84, in the reign of

Queen Victoria.

51. Lieut.-General Lord Chelmsford, 1884-89, in the reign of

Queen Victoria.

52. Lieut.-General Sir George Higginson, 1889-93, in the reign

of Queen Victoria.

53. Lieut.-General Hugh Rowlands, 1893-94, in the reign of

Queen Victoria.

54. Lieut.-General John Dunne, 1894-97, in the reign of Queen

Victoria.

55. Lieut.-General Sir Godfrey Clerk, 1897-1900, in the reign

of Queen Victoria.

56. Lieut.-General Sir William Stirhng, 1900-02, in the reigns of

Queen Victoria and Edward VII.

57. Lieut.-General Lord William Seymour, 1902-05, in the reign

of Edward VII.



310 THE TOWER FROM WITHIN

58. Lieut.-General Sir George Luck, 1905-07, in the reign of

Edward VII.

59. Lieut.-General Sir Robert MacGregor Stewart, 1907-09, in

the reign of Edward VII.

60. Lieut.-General Sir Henry Grant, 1909-12, in the reigns of

Edward VII and George V.

61. Lieut.-General the Hon. Sir Frederick Stopford, 1912-17, in

the reign of George V.

62. General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, 191 7, in the reign of

George V.

63. General Sir Ian Hamilton, 191 S, in the reign of George V^



APPENDIX C

DEPUTY-LIEUTENANTS, OR LIEUTENANT-GOVERNORS,
OF THE TOWER

1. Lieut.-Colonel John Farewell, 1689-1709 (this officer appears

also to have been Lieutenant of the Tower under Lord
Lucas), in the reigns of WiUiam and Mary, and Queen
Anne.

2. Colonel James Pendlebury, 1709-15, in the reigns of Queen

Anne and George I.

3. Colonel Robert D'Oyly, 1715-22,^ in the reign of George I.

4. Colonel Williamson, 1722-49, in the reigns of George I and

George II.

5. Colonel Richard White, 1749-50, in the reign of George 11.

6. Colonel Charles Rainsforth, 1750-78,1 in the reigns of

George II and George III.

7. Colonel John Gore, 1778-88, in the reign of George III.

8. Colonel John Gale, 1788-94, do. do.

9. Colonel Yorke, 1 794-1 826, in the reigns of George III and

George IV.

10. Colonel Francis H. Doyle, 1826-39, in the reigns of George IV,

Wilham IV, and Queen Victoria.

1 1 . Lieut.-Colonel John Gurwood, 1 839-45, in the reign of Queen

Victoria.

12. Colonel the Hon. G. Cathcart, 1846-52, in the reign of

Queen Victoria.

13. Colonel Lord de Ros, 1852.

(After Lord de Ros there have been no Deputy-Lieutenants,
or Lieutenant-Governors.)

1 Previously Major of the Tower.



APPENDICES 311

APPENDIX D

MAJORS OF THE TOWER

1. Major Thomas Hawley, 1690-97, in the reign of William and

Mary.

2. A4ajor Marmadukc Soull, 1697-1709, in the reigns of

William ITI and Queen Anne.

3. Major Robert D'Oyly (later a Deputy-Governor), 1709-15,

in the reigns of Queen Anne and George I.

4. Major Joseph Mason, 1715-24, in the reign of George I.

5. Major Richard White, 1724-39, in the reigns of George T

and George II.

(There is a break here of ten years, during which possibly the
Deputy-Governor performed both duties.)

6. Major Charles Rainsford (later a Deputy-Governor), 1749-50,

in the reign of George II.

7. Major Charles H. Collins, 1750-71, in the reigns of George II

and George III.

(There is a break here of seven years, during which possibly the
Deputy-Governor performed both duties.)

8. Major John Parr, 1778-82, in the reign of George III.

9. Major John Shrimpton, 1782-88, do. do.
ID. Major Lloyd Hill, 1788-93, do. do.

11. Colonel Matthew Smith, 1793-18 12, do. do.

12. Lieut.-Colonel Maclean, 1 812-16, do. do,

13. Major, later Colonel, J. H. Elrington, 1816-57, ^^ ^^^ reigns of

George HI, George IV, William IV, and Queen Victoria.

14. Lieut.-Colonel F. C. Whimper, 1857-70, in the reign of

Queen Victoria.

15. Colonel (later Lieut.-General) Sir G. Bryan Milman, 1870-

1909, in the reigns of Queen Victoria and Edward VII.

16. Major-General H. Pipon, 1909 (present holder), in the reign

of Edward VII. Major and Resident-Governor.



312 THE TOWER FROM WITHIN



APPENDIX E

KEEPERS OF THE REGALIA^

1. Abbot and Monks of Westminster, 1042-66, in the reign of

Edward the Confessor.

2. First official Keeper of the Regalia, 1216, in the reign of

Henry III.

3. Bishop of Carlisle, 1230, in the reign of Henry III.

4. John de Flete, 1337, in the reign of Edward HI.

5. Robert de Mildenhall, 1 347, do. do.

6. Thomas Chitterne, 141 8, in the reign of Henry VI.

7. Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex, in the reign of Henry VIII.

8. Marquis of Winchester, 1553, in the reign of Edward VI.

9. Sir Henry Mildmay, interregnum.

10. Sir Gilbert Talbot, 1660, in the reign of Charles II.

11. Talbot Edwards, Assistant Keeper in the reigns of Charles II

and James II, died 1674.

12. Talbot Edwards (son of above), died 1719, in the reigns of

William III and Queen Anne.
(No recorded names of Keepers for 100 years.)

13. Lieut.-Colonel Charles Wyndham, 1850 (?) to 1872, in the

reign of Queen Victoria,

14. Colonel John Cox Cawler, in the reign of Queen Victoria.

15. Captain Arthur John Loftus, in the reign of Queen Victoria.

16. Lieut.-General George Dean- Pitt, 1882-3, ^^ ^^^ reign of

Queen Victoria.

17. Lieut.-General Sir Michael Biddulph, in the reign of Queen

Victoria.

18. Lieut.-General Sir Frederick Middleton, to 1898, in the reign

of Queen Victoria.

19. General Sir Hugh Gough, from 1898 to 1909, in the reigns

of Queen Victoria and Edward VIL

20. Lieut.-General Sir Robert Low, from 1909 to 191 1, in the

reigns of Edward VII and George V.

21. General Sir Arthur Wynne, 1911 to 191 7, in the reign of

George V.

22. Major-General Sir George Younghusband (present holder),

1 91 7, in the reign of George V,

' ^ Named at various periods " Master and Treasurer of the Jewel
House," " Keeper of the Crown Jewels," " Keeper of the Regalia,"
now named ** Keeper of the Jewel House."



APPENDICES 313



APPENDIX F

LIST OF THE REGALIA

IN THE REIGN OF GEORGE V

I. Crowns, Coronets, and Diadems : —

(i) King Edward the Confessor's Crown.

(2) The Imperial State Crown.

(3) The Imperial Indian Crown.

(4) Crown of Queen Mary of Modena.

(5) Crown of Queen Mary, Consort of King George V.

(6) Diadem of Queen Mary of Modena.

(7) Crown of the Prince of Wales.

II. Sceptres and Rods : —

(1) The King's Royal Sceptre,

(2) The King's Sceptre with the Dove, or Rod of Equity.

(3) The Queen's Sceptre with the Cross.

(4) The Queen's Sceptre with the Ivory Dove.

(5) James I's Sceptre with the Dove.

(6) St. Edward's Staff.

III. Orhs :—

(i) The King's Orb.
(2) The Queen's Orb.

IV. Swords : —

(i) The King's Jewelled State Sword.

(2) The King's Sword of State.

(3) The Sword Spiritual.

(4) The Sword Temporal.

(5) Curtana, or the Sword of Mercy.

V. Spurs and Bracelets : —

(i) St. George's gold spurs.
(2) Gold bracelets.

X 3



314 THE TOWER FROM WITHIN

VI. Maces:—

(i) Charles II.

(2) do.

(3) James II.

(4) do.

(5) William and Mary.

(6) do.

(7) do.

(8) George I.

VII. Ecclesiastical Plate : —

(i) The Ampulla.

(2) The Anointing Spoon.

(3) The Royal Baptismal Font.

(4) Alms Dish.

(5) Flagon.

VIII. State Trumpets and Banners : —

(i) Fifteen State Trumpets.
(2) Twenty Bannerets.

IX. Royal Plate : —

(i) Queen Elizabeth's Salt Cellar.



(2) King


Charles IPs Salt Cellar. (State Cellar.)


(3)


do.


(4)


do.


(5)


do.


(6)


do.


(7)


do.


(8)


do.


(9)


do.


(10)


do.


(")


do.


(12)


do.


(13)


do.


(14) Kmg


Charles II's Wine Fountain.


(15) Twelve Salt Spoons.


(16) Two Tankards (George IV).



APPENDICES 315

X. Other Plate and Valuables : —

(i) The Maundy Dish.

(2) King George IV's Monde.

(3) Model of Koh-i-Nur Diamond with original setting.

(4) Model of Cullinan Diamond as found.

(5) Steel hammer and chisel, used in cutting the

Cullinan Diamond.



XI. Insignia of Orders : —

(i) Order of the Garter.

(2) do. Thistle,

(3) do. St. Patrick.

(4) Order of Merit (Civil and Military).

(5) Order of the Bath.

(6) do. Star of India.

(7) do. St. Michael and St. George.

(8) do. Indian Empire.

(9) Royal Victorian Order.

(10) Order of the British Empire.

(11) Imperial Order of the Crown of India.

(12) Royal Red Cross.

XII. Decorations for Valour : —

(i) Victoria Cross (Naval).

(2) Victoria Cross (Military).

(3) Distinguished Service Order (Naval and Military).

(4) Military Cross (Military).

(5) Distinguished Service Cross (Naval).

(6) Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Naval).

(7) Distinguished Conduct Medal (Military).

(8) Distinguished Service Medal (Naval).

(9) Military Medal (Military).



INDEX



Abel, Dr, Thomas, 30

Apsley, Sir Allan, Lieutenant of

Tower, 64, 69, 178, 242, 253
Aragon, Katherine of, 42
Arden, John, 225
Arundel, Philip How^ard, Earl of,

27,67,151,153,252
Askew, Anne, 226, 227

B

Bailiff, Thomas, 17, 18
Bailly, Charles, 28, 29, 67
Bainbridge, R., 28
Baldwin, Sir John, 125, 126
Balmerino, Arthur Elphinstone,

Lord, 86-91, 245, 255
Bavant, Ralph, Lieutenant of

Tower, 63
Becket, Thomas a. Archbishop of

Canterbury and Constable of

Tower, 33, 55, 56
Bedingfield, Sir Henry, 80
Berkley, Sir Richard, 193
Beresford, Hannah, 237, 239, 248
Blood, Colonel, 37, 249, 278-280,

287
Blount, Sir Richard, Lieutenant of

Tower, 29, 67, 246
Blount, Sir Michael, Lieutenant of

Tower, 67, 246
Boleyn, Anne —

Burial place of, 24, 120, 143, 237,

239

Charges against, 124-126
Description of, 121-123



Boleyn, Anne —

Execution of, 132-136

Last days of, 131, 132

Letter to Henry VHI, 127-129

Passed through Traitor's Gate, 6,

127
And Sir Thomas Wyat, 81
Trial of, 11, 130, 131
Boleyn, George, Viscount Roch-
ford, brother to Anne Boleyn,
37,125,140,237
Brackenbury, Sir Robert, Con-
stable of Tower, 15, 16, 53,
235
Bridlington, Prior of, 29
Bruce, Rev. J. Bowes, 78
Brydges, Sir John, Lieutenant of

Tower, 66, 6j, yg, 153, 166
Bulmer, Sir John, 29, 30
Bulmer, Sir Ralph, 29, 30
Bulmer, Sir William, 29, 30
Burgoyne, Sir John Fox, Constable

of Tower, 59, 60, 237, 249
Burley, Sir Simon de, 92



Carew, Sir George, 170, 171

Casement, Roger, 215, 216

Charles I, 21, 232

Charles H, 181, 182, 245

Cheek, Captain Tom, Lieutenant
of Tower, 70, 214

Cholmondeley, Sir Richard, Lieu-
tenant of Tower, 65, 66, 246

Clarence, George, Duke of, 38, 39

Clarke, Thomas, 30, 31



;i7



3i8



THE TOWER FROM WITHIN



Clinton, Lord, Constable of Tower,
158

Cobham, Lord, 68, 207

Coventry, Sir William, 39

Cranmer, Archbishop of Canter-
bury, 16, 17, 66, 134, 137,
138, 161

Crespigny, Sir Claude Champion
de, 284

Cromarty, George, Earl of, 86,

Cullinan diamond or Star of Africa,
291-293

D

Daniell, John, 40

Darnley, Henry Stuart, Earl of, 83,

84
Derwentwater, Lord, 84, 85
Devonshire, Edward Courtenay,

Earl of, 79
Dighton, John, murderer of two

young Princes, 16
Dorset, Earl of, 196
Douglas, Lady Margaret, 83, 84,

213
Drake, Sir Francis, 191
Draper, Hugh, 41
Dudley, Lord Guildford, 27, 66,

151, 158, 159, 161, 163-165
Dundas, Major-General J. D., 47
Dunlop-Smith, Lieutenant-Colonel

Sir John, 287, 288
Dunraven, Lord, 14



E

Edward I, 3, 236

Edward H, 43

Edward V, 15, 16

Edward VI, 43, 144-151, 157

Edward VH, 280, 284, 287

Edwards, Talbot, 248, 249, 253,

278, 295-297
Edwards, Talbot, Junior, 255, 279
Eliot, Sir John, 21



Elizabeth, Queen —

Clemency to Sir John Perrott,

251
Committed to Tower, 6j, 78-80
Constrained to attend Mass in

Chapel of St. John, 235
And Earl of Essex, 190-201
Enters Tower to be crowned, 81
And 4th Duke of Norfolk, 204,

205
And Lady Arabella Stuart, 208
Released from Tower, 80
And Sir Walter Raleigh, 170-172
Pier wrath with Lady Katherine
Grey, 82, 83
Essex, Earl of, 19

Essex, Geoffrey de Mandeville,
Earl of, third Constable of
Tower, 52, 54, 214
Essex, Thomas Cromwell, Earl of,

127, 133, 214, 294
Essex, Robert Devereux, Earl of —
Commands expedition to France,

191, 192
Committed to Tower, 196
Disgrace of, 193

Early days of, 190
Execution of, 199-201
Favoured by Queen Elizabeth,

190
Forsakes Irish post without leave,

192, 193

Governor of Ireland, 192
Imprisoned in DeveHn Tower, 36
Marriage of, 191
Plots against Queen Elizabeth,

194-196
Quarrel with Lord Grey de

Wilton, 206
Trial of, 196, 197
Essex, Arthur Capel, Earl of, 14,

70, 214, 215, 254
Essex, Frances Howard, Countess

of, later Countess of Somerset,

19-21, 215 f'^

Exeter, John Holland, 4th Duke of,

52,218



INDEX



3^9



Fawkes, Guy, 9, 69, 75, 228-230
Felton, John, murderer of Duke of

Buckingham, 22, 231, 232
Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, 78
Fitzgerald, Thomas, 32
Forest, Miles, murderer of two

young Princes, 15
Fountains, Abbot of, 29, 30
Foxley, William, 251
FrankHn, chemist, 20, 21



G

Gage, Sir John, Constable of

Tower, 33, 79, 80, 153
Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester,

80, 153
Gates, Sir John, 154, 236
George II, 86
George V, 94, 281, 287
Gerard, Father, 222-225
Gerard, Mr., late American Am-
bassador in Berlin, 215
Grenfell, Field-Marshal, Lord, 47
Grey, Lady Jane —
Execution of, 165-168
Imprisonment of, 159-165
Lodged in Gaoler's quarters,

14, 27, 159-161
Marriage of, 151
Passed through Traitor's Gate, 6
Reign of, 158
Relatives of, 157, 158
Trial of, 161, 162
Grey, Lady Katherine, 82, 83
Grey de Wark, Lord, 182, 184,

185
Grey de Wilton, Lord, 34, 39, 47,

205-208, 253
Griffin, Lord Edward, 255
Grove, Edward, 103
Gundulph, Bishop of Rochester, 2,

236
Gurwood, Colonel John, 247
Gyfford, G., 28



H

Hales, Sir Edward, Lieutenant of

Tower, 70
Harvey, Sir George, Lieutenant of

Tower, 68, 175, 176
Hatton, Sir Christopher, 17, (^1
Helwyss, Sir Gervase, Lieutenant

of Tower, 19-21, 69, 230
Henry I, 43, 236
Henry II, 55, 56
Henry III, 3, 33, 42, 55, 57, 236,

256, 274
Henry IV, 107
Henry V, 273, 274
Henry VI, 32, 36, 235, 274
Henry VII, 273
Henry VIII—

And Anne Boleyn, 122-136
Built " King's House " at Tower,

53
Confiscates treasure at tomb of

Thomas a Becket, 56
Fifth marriage of, 136
Firm believer in torture, 218, 227
And Katherine Howard, 138-142
Leniency to Anne Askew, 227
Restored St. Peter's ad Vincula,
236
Henry Prince of Whales, son of

James I, 175, 206, 262
Heriot, astronomer, 37
Hertford, Lord, 82
Hilton, Miss, 85
Hopton, Sir Owen, Lieutenant of

Tower, 18, 67
Howard, Katherine, 6, 12, 24, 120,

136-141, 143
Howard, Lord Thomas, 83
Howard de Walden, Thomas, Lord,
Constable of Tower, 197, I9()



J

James I, 75, 173, 176-178, 208, 209,

275
James II, 23, 38, 182, 184



320



THE TOWER FROM WITHIN



Jeffreys, Chief Justice, 23, 24, 242,

254
Jervaulx, Abbot of, 29, 30
John, King, 57
Johnson, Otwell, 140, 141
JuHus Cssar, 3

K

Kenmure, Lord, 84, 85

Kildare, Earl of, 32

KUmarnock, WiUiam Boyd, Earl of,

86-91,245,255
Kingston, Sir WiUiam, Constable c f

Tower, 130-133
Knyvett, Sir A., Lieutenant of

Tower, 226, 227
Koh-i-nur diamond, 288-291



Langton, Stephen, Archbishop of

Canterbury, Constable of

Tower, 57
Latimer, Bishop of Worcester, 16,

17, 66
Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury,

22, 231, 232, 245
Lee, Mrs. Margaret, 130, 133-135
Leslie, John, Bishop of Ross, 17
Lodi, Lieutenant, 215
Longchamp, William, Bishop of

Ely, Constable of Tower, 3, 57
Lovat, Simon, Lord Eraser of, 10,

47, 86-92, 245, 255

M

Mandeville, Geoffrey de, first Con-
stable of Tower, 48, 52, 54

Mary, Queen, 79, So, 118, 151, 158,
i59» 163

Mary, Queen of Scots, 83, 204, 205

McLeod, Lord, 86, 87

Miagh, T., 26

Milman, Colonel Sir Bryan, 299

Mills, Mrs., 85



Monmouth, James, Duke of —
Attempt to seize throne, 182, 1 83
Burial in St. Peter's ad Vincula,

24, 188
Execution of, 186-188
Imprisonment in Bell Tower, 8^,

185
Marriage of, 181, 182
Passed through Traitor's Gate, 6
Personal characteristics of, 181
Rapid rise of, 182
Rules of Hfe of, 183, 184

Monmouth, Duchess of, 181, 182

Monson, Admiral, 212

More, Sir Thomas, 9, 77, 78

N

Napier of Magdala, Eield-Marshal
Lord, Constable of Tower, 60,
61, 249

Nithsdale, Lord, 84, 85

Nithsdale, Lady, 85

Noreys, Henry, 124, 125

Norfolk, Hugh de Bigod, Earl of,

57,58
Norfolk, Duke of, 122, 126, 130,

131, 133, 152, 162
Norfolk, Thomas Howard, 4th

Duke of, 204, 205
Northampton, Earl of. Constable

of Tower, 99
Northumberland, Waltheof, Earl

of, 231
Northumberland, Henry Percy,

Earl of, 17, 18, 67
Northumberland, Henry Percy,
Earl of, " The Wizard," 37, 38
Northumberland, John Dudley,
Duke of —
Ambitions of, 144, 145
Apostasy of, 153, 159, 160, 236
Arrest of, 151

Buried between two Queens, 143
Execution of, 153-156
Forsakes Lady Jane Grey for
Mary, 151



INDEX



^li



Northumberland, John Dudley,

Duke of —
As guardian of Edward VI, 144
Intrigues against Duke of

Somerset, 145, 146
Lodged in Bloody Tower, 152
Passed through Traitor's Gate, 6
Proclaims Lady Jane Grey

Queen, 151
Prisoner in Beauchamp Tower,


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