G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 online

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in 1825, and died in 1832.

Mary-Brooke-Geva Riddell 38 (2), daughter of James 32 (5), died in
the year 1823.

Mary-Augusta Riddell 83 (3), a daughter of James 3 ' 2 (5), was married
in 1852, to the Rev. H. Cunliffe, Vicar of Shifnal.



Lieut. Roduey-Stuart Riddell 33 (1), a son of Campbell 32 (1), was
born in 1838, and is an officer in the Seventieth Foot Regiment. He is heir
presumptive of Sir Thomas, his cousin.

Thomas-Milles-Stratford Riddell 38 (7), a son of Campbell 32 (1), was
born Jan. 22, 1832.



RIDDELLS OF ENFIELD, ENGLAND.

[Kinglass Branch.]

Col. Andrew Riddell 1 (1), was second son of George (2)*, of the
family denominated Riddells of Kinglass, Scotland; he was appointed lieu-
tenant of the Sixty-sixth Regiment of Foot, April 19, 1789; captain, Dec.
4, 1802 ; captain Fiftieth Foot, May 25, 1803; major by brevet, Dec. 10,
1807, and lieutenant-colonel, June 4, '1814. He was many years on the
staff in different parts of England, as an Assistant Quartermaster General.
He died at his seat at Enfield, Nov. 16, 1825, leaving issue.

SECOND GENERATION.

Jolm-Rignald Riddell' 2 (1), a son of Andrew 1 (1), was of Byculla
House, Enfield, and Speacomb Place, Devon. He wrote the author of
this book, just as he was to sail for the continent, and promised that, on
his return home, where he could have access to his family papers, he
would provide full records of his family, but for some unknown reason has
made no reply to subsequent letters of inquiry.

* Andrew Riddell, the first of Enfield, was the secoud sou of Capt. George
Riddell, of Kinglass, and his wife Christiana, daughter of Andrew Patterson, and
brother of James, the first of Ardnaiiiurchau.



Ill UDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, 63

Jane Riddell" (1), only daughter of Andrew 1 (1), of Enfield, was
married Jan. 14, 1773, to Robert-Sadlier Moody, Esq., of Asply Guise.
She died Oct. 10, 1825, and was buried at St. Mary-le-Bone. Mr." Moody
was a commissioner of Her Majesty's Victualling-board ; he was born
March 21, 1744, died Nov. 9, 1825, and was buried at St. Mary-le-Bone.
Rev. Henry-Riddell Moody was a son of Robert.

THIRD GENERATION.

Rignald-Charles Riddell 3 (1), second son of John- (1), was married
Sept. 8, 1862, to Maria-Isabella, eldest daughter of Augustus-Charles Sky-
mer, Esq., late major of the Sixteenth Lancers. The marriage was at
Priestbury.

Walter-Kenneys Riddell 3 (1), third son of John 2 (1), of Enfield,
Middlesex, died at Brussels, in 1849.



RIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

[Created Baronets May 12, 1628.]

(, Gervasius de Rydale 1 (1), a son of Philip 9 (1), of that family whose
oenealogy will be found in this work under the designation of "Riddells
of Ardnamurchan, Scotland" (which see), accompanied David, Prince of
Cumberland, into Scotland* early in the twelfth century, and became so
great a favorite that he was appointed the first High Sheriff of Roxburgh-
shire, and received grants of lands there as a reward for services faith-
fully performed. He must have been a very influential man, for he was a
constant attendant on royalty, as shown by crown charters to which he
was a witness, and especially that celebrated document, the " Inquisito
Principle Davidi?" one of the most ancient records in Scotland, being
dated as early as A. D. 1116. Gervasius married Christiana de Soulis,
and by her had issue, of whom hereafter. His wife was a liberal donor to
Jedburgh monastery, and Gervasius, when he was advanced in life,
assumed the ecclesiastical garb, and died at Jedburgh in the odor of
sanctity. This was a prevailing custom and considered a great privilege,
namely, that those who had led a secular and a sinful life sought to atone
for the past by dying in a monastery; this practice was also followed by
many whose lives had been peaceful and blameless, a manifest reverence
in religion, although a religion of error.

Walter de Ridale 1 (1), a son of Philip 9 (1), who was son of Galfridus
Ridel of France, and brother of Gervasius, before mentioned, accompa-
nied Prince David to Scotland, and like his brothers, enjoyed the friend-
ship and patronage of royalty. He was a witness to crown and other
charters of importance, but that to himself, from King David I, of the

* Sir Walter Scott says tradition carries the history of this family to a point ex-
tremely remote, and is sanctioned by the discovery of two stone coffins, one con-
taining a pot with ashes and arms, dated A. D. 727; the other elated A. D. 936, and
filled with the hones of a man of gigantic size.

One writer says Gervaise Ridale received from Earl Henry, son of David, King
of Scotland, a grant of lands called Prenwentsete, now Primside, near Yetholm,
about three miles from the English border.



64 lUDDELLs OF BOXBURGHSHIBE, SCOTLAND.

lauds of Wester Li Hies leaf, in Roxburghshire, eclipsed them all, being
the most ancient charter known from a king to a layman. This charter
was granted between 1120 and 1153; it included lands called Whiitun,
mar the Cheviot Hills, the lands to be held of the crown, "per servitium
unius militia sicut unus baronum meorum vicinorum suorumP Another
authority gives the date of the charter as 111:2, confirming possessions to
li Walter us de Ridal de terris de Lilliesleaf et dimidum de Estetho (or
Chetto), et W/iittunes tenen de Rege per servitium unius militis, sicut
unus Baronum nostrovum, coram Andrm Episcopo de Catanis, Waltero
Filio AUansi et Ricardo de MoravUlo." This ancient document became
so frail by lapse of time that it was legally copied during a court held at
Jedburgh, by order of Lord Gray, Justice General of Scotland, in 1556.
Xisbit, the antiquary and herald, who flourished in the early part of the
last century drew the copy. These lands were subsequently denominated
the Baronies of Riddel! and Whittun, in part from the possession, and the
latter, "Domini de Ridded and Whittunus." The charter styles Walter
a sheriff, and confirms to him all the lands of which his brother Gervasius
died possessed. This Walter married Ethrida de Percy, sister to the Lord
of Oxenham, and having no issue was succeeded bv his brother, of whom
hereafter. Walter died about the year 1150.

Sir Auskittel de Ridale 1 (1), son of Philip 9 (1), of the house of
Ridel, or Rydale, denominated "of Ardnamurchan " in this work, suc-
ceeded his brother Walter, before mentioned. His name is spelled in an-
cient documents, Anschittal, Auskittal, Anschittil, and Oscittal. The
lands of his brother Walter were derived by will, and confirmed by a bull
from Pope Adrian IV, dated 8th April, 1155. The bull runs thus: —
"Adrianus Episcopus, servus servorum Dei, Auskittel Riddell militi, solo-
tem et Apostolicum Benedictionem, sub Beati Petri et nostri protectione
suscepimus specialiter ae quw Wa/terus de Riddell testamentum suum ante
obitum suumfaciens tibi nosciter reliquisse, viz., villas de Whittunus, Lillies-
clive, Braehebe, etcetera bona a quibuscunque tibi juste colate, nos authori-
tate sedis Apostolical integre confirmamus. Datum Beneventi Septimo
ides Aprilis^ There is another bull from Pope Alexander III, dated 7th
of June, 1160, confirming the will of the said Walter de Ridale, bequeath-
ing to his brother Auskittel the lands of Lilliesclives and Whittuns, and
ratifying the bargain between Auskittel and Huctrudes concerning the
church at Lilliesclives, in consequence of the mediation of Malcolm II,
and confirmed by a charter from that monarch. One authority says, "Os-
citel Ridal having returned to his native land with consent of King Mal-
com Canmore, gave his lands of Cranstown, Preston, and others to his
son Hugo (Hugh), who in the year 1110 bestowed the church of Crans-
town and certain lauds in the barony, to the monastery of Selkirk, which
was founded by Prince David during the reign of his brother, Alexander
I. This monastery was afterwards transferred to Kelso when David suc-
ceeded to the throne." This writer says, " Ocitel married Elena, daughter
to Robert de Morville, lord of Riddesdale, in Northumberland, and by
her had several sons." His wife seems to have been a sister to Jordanus
le Fleming. Auskittel died in 1180, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
of whom hereafter. Sir Auskittel was a witness to a charter of confir-
mation granted to the monks of Kelso in 1159, by Malcolm IV, the grand-
son of David I. His title represented knighthood.

Ralph de Ridale 1 (l),a son of Philip (1), and brother of Gervasius
and Auskittel, was a donor to Jedburgh Abbey.



RIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE. SCOTLAND. 65

SECOND GENERATION.

Walter <le Ridale 2 (2), eldest son and heir of Auskittel 1 (1), suc-
ceeded his father in the year. 1180. He married Guynolda, daughter of
Earl Gospatrick, and had issue two sons, of whom hereafter.

Hugh de Ridale" (1), second son of Auskittel 1 (1), was ancestor of the
family denominated "Riddells of Cranstown-Riddell," a distinguished
baronial family that nourished about two centuries and ended in heirs
female in 1357, the daughter of the last proprietor, Isabella Rydell, hav-
ing been the wife of John Murray. This family were created baronets,
long previous to the " Riddells of Riddell" Roxburghshire, and gave their
name to their lands which were held of the crown. This Hugh was one
of the hostages for the ransom of King William after his capture at the
battle of Alnwick, A. D. 1174. See "Riddells of Cranstown."

JordailUS de Ridale' 2 (1), third son of Auskittel 1 (1), and brother of
the preceding, became ancestor of the family in Northumberland, now
denominated "of Felton and Swinburn." See history of this family.
Jordanus was named for his uncle Jordanus le Fleming, and was witness
to a charter from King William to the Abbey of Dunfermline, together
with David, the king's brother, Nicholas the Chancellor, and Robert de
Quincey.

THIRD GENERATION.

Sir Patrick de Riddell 3 (1), eldest son of Walter 2 (2), married
Christiana, daughter to Eustace de Vescie, by Margaret, illegitimate
daughter to King William the Lion, by whom he acquired the lands of
Sprouston, for William de Riddell, son of Sir Patrick, is witness to a
charter granted by John de Vescie to William de Vescie, " Domvnus de
Sprouston de Nova Tirva de Moli" and is there described as son to Chris-
tian, daughter of Margaret. After succeeding to his estates he made dona-
tions to the Abbey of Melrose, and to the monks serving God there ; his
wife, or widow, confirmed her husband's donations. Christian, his wife, was
a member of that border family of de Vescie, of whom one was a feudal
lord, appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Charta ; her grand-
father, " William the Lion," king of Scotland, brother of Malcolm IV,
so surnamed from having introduced the lion as the armorial bearing of
Scotland ; and from this emblem the head of the Herald's Office in Edin-
burgh is called " Lion-King-at-arms." Sir Patrick had issue three sons, of
whom hereafter. Sir Patrick was knighted.

FOURTH GENERATION.

Walter de Riddell 4 (2), eldest son of Patrick 3 (1), succeeded as his
father's heir, and married a daughter of Hugh de Giffard, " Dominus de
Yester" and had issue two sons, of whom hereafter. He seems to have
been a pious churchman, for he not only confirmed his father's donations
to the convent of Melrose, but gave many benefactions himself, not only
to the monks of Melrose, but to those of Kelso.

William de Riddell 4 (1), second son of Patrick 3 (1), married Matilda
Corbett, and received from his father at the time of his alliance with that
lady, a part of his lands at Whittun;. but he died without children, and
the lands returned to the head of the family.

(xaufred de Riddell 4 (1), third son of Patrick 3 (1), obtained a part
of his father's lands, from which he gave many donations to the monks of
Kelso, in the reign of Alexander II. No account of a wife or children.
5



66 BIDDELLS OF BOXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

FIFTH GENERATION.

Sir William de Riddell 6 (2), eldest son of Walter 4 (2) and his wife
Giffard, was knighted at a very early a<;e by Alexander II. He succeeded
to his father's property, and married Isabella, who, with himself, granted
a considerable estate to the monks of Melrose about the year 1255, by a
charter witnessed by their son William, which charter proves the succession
as follows : " Uxor Wilhelmi de Riddell de alia bovata terrce in territorio de
Whittun quam pater metis Wilhelmus, parsona de Hunam, emit a, Gan-
fredo Coco" — the deed being made"J°ro salute animm Domini Patricii
de Riddell, and Walter, filii ejus, et Wilhelmi, sponci mei." It was wit-
nessed by five members of the family which proves four successive de-
scents. The charter translated reads as follows: "Isabella, wife of Wil-
liam of Riddell, gives this out of pasture land in the territory of Whittun,
which my father, William, parson of Hunam, bought from Ganfred Coke,
for the salvation of the soul of Sir Patrick de Riddell and Walter, his
son, and William my spouse."

Patrick de Riddell 5 (2), second son of Walter 4 (2), has left no record
of marriage or inheritance.

SIXTH GENERATION.

William de Riddell 6 (3), eldest son of William 5 (2), succeeded his
father in the family estates. He was compelled to swear fealty to King
Edward I, when he overran Scotland, and is particularly mentioned in
the year 1296; but this laird died without issue, and was succeeded by
his brother, of whom hereafter.

GalfridllS de Riddell 6 (1), second son of William 5 (2), succeeded his
brother William, before mentioned, and made many donations to the re-
lio-ious houses of Kelso and Melrose, during the reio;n of Alexander III.
He died about the year 1325, and was succeeded by his son, of whom
hereafter. This ancient family name seems to be handed down as proof
that this branch of the family was directly connected with that of Angou-
lesme and Piragord, in France.

SEVENTH GENERATION.

Sir William de Riddell 7 (4), son of Galfridus 6 (1), succeeded his
father in the family estates, and received the honor of knighthood at the
hand of his king, David Bruce, in whose reign he is mentioned in many
of the chartularies and chronicles. He died in the reign of Robert II,
and was succeeded by his son, of whom hereafter.

Sir Robert de Riddell 7 (1), probably a brother of the preceding, was
a witness to a charter to Kelso Abbey, of land in Mow ; and was cau-
tioner for Mow of Mains, who was a hostage in England on account of
border disturbances.

Richard de Riddell 7 (1), probably a brother of the preceding, was a
witness to two charters to John Kerr, of Auldtownburn ; dated respec-
tively in 1357 and 1358. There is no record to prove that these last two
Riddells had wives or children; nor that they ever held family property.
Their names were found, as above associated, on documents in the charter
chest at Fleurs.

EIGHTH GENERATION.

Quilltill de Riddell 8 (1), a son of William 7 (4), succeeded his father.
He was certainly in possession in 1420, when a Court of Inquisition was
held, and the Lilliesleaf lands were then called Riddell, though after that



BIDDELLS OF R0XBUBGSH1BE, SCOTLAND. 67

date the old favorite name sometimes crops up. The family surname, how-
ever, had been regularly and officially given to the Lilliesleaf property
(Whittun continuing as originally), deriving the baronial character from
the tenure of the first charter by David I to Walter ; and hence the
origin of the local name of Riddell, as denoting an estate that previously
was not Scotch or known in Scotland. Quintin had a son who seems to
have married and had issue, but died before his father; hence the succes-
sion fell to a grandson, of whom hereafter. There was a daughter, how-
ever, who married to John Scott, of Harden. Quintin was a new name
in the family, and from whence derived does not appear, though the name
of a saint in the Roman calendar.

TENTH GENERATION.

James Riddell 10 (1), a grandson of Quintin 8 (1), succeeded to the
family lands as Laird of Riddell and Whittun, as early as 1493. He had
a brother, and son, his successor, of whom hereafter. It appears, from
documents found in Edinburgh, that this James was served heir to his
grandfather, Quintin, at Jedburgh, the 4th of May, 1471. He married
Margaret, daughter of Sir James Lindsay, and besides his successor, be-
fore mentioned, he had two daughters.

Thomas Riddell 10 (1), was a grandson of Quintin 8 (1), and brother
of James, previously mentioned. I find no record of a family or inherit-
ance for this man.

ELEVENTH GENERATION.

John Riddell 11 (1), son of James 10 (1) and Margaret Lindsay, his wife,
succeeded his father, and was infeft in the barony of Riddell in 1510.
He granted a precept infefting Patrick, Earl Bothwell, in a part of some
lands in Lilliesleaf in 1584, which he held of the Laird of Riddell. John
died in 1542, and was succeeded by his grandson.

Margaret Riddell n (l), eldest daughter of James 10 (1), married to
Walter Scott of Harden.

Christian Riddell 11 (1), second daughter of James 10 (1), married to
Walter Scott of Harden, nephew to the last named.

TWELFTH GENERATION.

Walter Riddell 1 " (4), eldest son of John 11 (1), and his apparent heir
married Jane , and died before his father, leaving issue a son, who suc-
ceeded his grandfather.

George Riddell 1 ' 2 (1), a son of John 11 (1), is particularly mentioned in
a legal transaction upon record affecting him.

John Riddell 12 (2), a son of John 11 (1), was denominated " of Robine."
I find no other account of this man.

William Riddell 12 (5), youngest son of John 11 (1), probably died
when young, as I find no other mention of his name.

THIRTEENTH GENERATION.

Walter Riddell 13 (5), eldest son of Walter 1 - (4), succeeded his grand-
father, as previously mentioned, and was styled " of that ilk," or " de
odem." He married Mariotta, daughter of Sir James Pringle, of Gala-
shiels, A. D. 1543. He died in the beginning of the reign of James VI,
and left issue three sons, of whom hereafter.

FOURTEENTH GENERATION.

Walter Riddell 14 (6), eldest son and heir of Walter 18 (5), was served
to his inheritance in the year 1588. He married a daughter of Sir George



68 MDDELLS OF ROXBUEGHSMIBE, SCOTLAND.

Ramsey of Dalhousie, by whom he had a son and successor, of whom
hereafter.

Robert Riddell 14 (2), second son of Walter 13 (5), received a consider-
able portion of his father's lands at Minto, and became ancestor of the
« Riddells of Minto-Riddell."

William Riddell 14 (6), youngest son of Walter 13 (5), received a portion
of his father's landed-estates ; no other mention.

FIFTEENTH GENERATION.

Andrew Riddell 15 (2), son of Walter 14 (6), was served heir to his father
in 1592, obtaining a charter March 24, 1595. He married first Miss
Pringle, daughter of James Pringle, of Galashiels and Smailholm, his
cousin, and after her death he espoused Violette, daughter of William
Douglas, Esq., of Pumpberston, West-Lothian. He had issue by both
wives, of whom hereafter. Andrew was a man of much importance, and
having acquired Haining (signifying an enclosed grass-field) from the
Scotts, the first possessors of that beautiful estate, held large territorial
possessions, and was called the "Bai-on of Riddell." Though lordly in
his possessions, he must have been a man of remarkable humility, for he was
offered a baronetcy, which he declined. Andrew died in 1632, and was
buried in the ancient " Riddell aisle," in the old Lilliesleaf church-yard,
where his monuments may still be seen bearing the following inscription in
Latin : " Here lies Andrew Riddell (de odem), who died at the age of 82,
on the 4th of March, A. D. 1632. Long live the memory of the dead. The
hours fly." On the same stone is the following : " His sorrowing wife,
Violette Douglas, has erected this monument to the memory of her most
beloved husband, Andrew Riddell, Baron of Riddell, who died in the hope
of the resurrection of the just." There are coats-of-arms on the monu-
ment. The will of the laird in 1552 proves the old burial place of the
family, called the "Riddell aisle," to have been in the choir of the church.
There is another stone, no doubt belonging to the family, with no in-
scription save the words " Pray for the soul." The present church, a
plain structure, stands outside the church-yard wall ; it was erected in
1771.

SIXTEENTH GENERATION.

Sir John Riddell 10 (3), eldest son of Andrew 15 (2), by his wife Pringle,
Mas a man of considerable talent, and obtained the honor of a baronetcy,
which was refused by his father ; this was conferred on the 14th of May,
1628, about three years after the institution of the order in Scotland.
This John was also knighted at an early age. He married first, Agnes,
daughter of Sir John Murray, of Blackbarrony, by Margaret, daughter of
Sir Alexander Hamilton, of lnnerwick, the oldest branch of the Hamiltons.
This alliance connected the house of Riddell with many of the most
illustrious families in Scotland, for Margaret had a sister married to Sir
Robert Kerr, the first Earl of Ancrum, another sister to Sir Robert Halhet,
of Pitferran, a third to Patrick Murray, of Phillipshaugh, a fourth to Sir
Patrick Scott, of Thirlstane, besides two others married to Sir James
Douglas, of Colphople, and to Veitch of Dawick. Sir John married
secondly, Jane, daughter of Sir James Anstruther, of Anstruther, relict of
James Douglas, commendator of Melrose, who was second son of the Earl
of Morton. By the second marriage Sir John had a daughter whose name
does not appear, married to David Barclay, Esq., of Colernie, in the
County of Fife. At his creation in 1628, Sir John received a part of a



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RIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND. 60

territory in Nova Scotia,* under the name of the " Barony of New
Riddell." I have not learned what disposition the family made of this
land. Sir John had issue six children, of whom hereafter.

William Riddell 10 (7), second son of Andrew 15 (2), inherited the
landed estate known as "Newhouse," and became ancestor of the "Rid-
dells of Newhouse," about whom there has been so many opinions ex-
pressed by genealogists. See article in this book under above designation.
He also got a charter of Muselee in 1618, and became ancestor of that
branch of the family.

James Riddell 16 (2), third son of Andrew 15 (2), was denominated "of
Maybole." I have no other account of this man, but may presume that
he became ancestor of some of the junior branches of the Roxburghshire
Riddells — possibly was ancestor of the late Robert Riddell, father of
Henry-Scott Riddell, the Shepherd Poet of Tiviothead. I have not found
the "missing link," but the families always claimed relationship.

Walter Riddell 16 (7), fourth son of Andrew 15 (2), received from his
father the lands of Hartride. I have no other mention.

Andrew Riddell 16 (3), was a "favorite son" of Andrew 15 (2), by
Violette Douglas, his second wife, and received from his father the
beautiful estate called " Haining " in Selkirkshire. This property con-
tinued in this branch of the family till the beginning of the seventeenth
centurv, when it was sold to the second son of Prinze of Clifton.
Andrew's monument is in the " Riddell aisle," bearing the inscription,
" whose life was short and good." His wife was a Stewart of Traquair,
and her husband having died young she married secondly Sir William
Douglas, ancestor of the Marquis of Queensbury. Andrew left one son,
his successor. See " Riddells of Haining."

Margaret Riddell 16 (2), eldest daughter of Andrew 15 (2), married,
Robert Rutherford, Esq., of Edgerston.

Isabel Riddell 16 (1), third daughter of Andrew 15 (2), married to Robert
Kerr, a brother of Sir Thomas, of Cavers. Two of her sisters married
respectively, John Bailie, ancestor of the Baillies of Wellerstaiu, and Sir
John Scott, of Goldielands, while the last and fifth sister lived and died
unmarried.

Jean Riddell 16 (1), a daughter of Andrew 15 (2), was born in 1600, and
died a maiden lady in 1660. She was buried in the Abbey burying-ground
at Jedburgh, f where her monument stands, bearing the following inscrip-
tion : " Here lies a religious and virtuous gentlewoman, Jean Riddell,
daughter of Sir Andrew Riddell of that ilk, who died in the year of God,
MDCLX, and of her age 60.



♦John Riddell, of New Riddell, received a grant of 16,000 acres of land in the
Island of Anticosti, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, dated May 14, 1628, and unlike
many other baronets took seizen of his grant — i. e., took it up, but does not appear
to have made any use of it. Presumed to have been forfeited by the effluxions of



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 10 of 103)