G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 online

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time. — Nova Scotia Records.

Baronets of Scotland charge their coat armour with the arms of Nova Scotia, the
order having been founded to promote the plantation of that province.

t Jedburgh Abbey was founded by King David I, about 1130 A. D. Of this
once magnificent structure, the church,— two hundred and thirty feet long, — alone
remains. The abbey was rifled and burned in 1523 by the Earl of Surrey, and again
by the Earl of Hertford, in 1544. To preserve the beautiful abbey from complete
ruin, it was repaired with judicious regard to its ancient architectural designs, a few
years ago. This spot is every year visited by hundreds of travelers. I think the
stone to the memory of Jean Riddell was discovered by Walter Riddell-Carre, Esq.,
late of Cavers Carre.



70 BIDDELLS OF BOXBTJBGHSHIBE, SCOTLAND.

" She lived a holy life,

To Christ resigned her breath.
Her soul is now with God,
Triumphing over death!"

SEVENTEENTH GENERATION.

Sir Walter Riddell" (8), eldest son of Sir John 16 (3), was knighted by
King Charles, during his father's lifetime. He succeeded to the baronial
estates, and married a very pious woman, Janet Rigg, the daughter of a
worthy and godly man, William Kigg, of Aithernie, Fifeshire, by whom
he \y.\(\five sons and two daughters. Janet Rigg, Lady Riddell, was not
only pious, but accomplished, and her father was a man of high principle
and character, and moreover extremely wealthy. Mr. Rigg was fined
£50,000 Scots, for opposing the introduction of the Five Articles at Perth,
by James IV, and also suffered imprisonment in Blackness Castle. His
sister, the aunt of Lady Riddell, Miss Catherine Rigg, who married
Douglas, of Cavers, w r as the celebrated Covenanter, and the ladies were
descendants of Dr. John Row, of Perth, John Knox's coadjutor. Walter
was succeeded by his son.

Sir William' Riddell 17 (8), second son of Sir John 16 (3), was made a
knight at an early age, and became governor of Desborough, in Holland.
He married Windelina Van Bucham, by whom he had a daughter, married
to Nicholas Bowyer, Esq. ; her name was Anna-Catherine; also other issue.

Capt. John Kiddell 17 (4), third son of Sir John 16 (3), was an officer in
the service of Holland.

Capt. Thomas Riddell 17 (2), fourth son of Sir John 10 (3), was also an
officer in the service of Holland.

EIGHTEENTH GENERATION.

Sir JollU Riddell 18 (5), eldest son and successor of Sir Walter 17 (8),
was third Baronet of Riddell. He was called in the family Sir John
Bluebeard, because he had four wives, not at once of course, like Brigham
Young. He married Dec. 9, 1659, to Agnes, daughter of Gideon Scott, of
Harden, who dying without issue, he married secondly in November, 1661,
to Helen, daughter of Sir Alexander Morrison, of Preston Grange, by
Jean his wife, daughter of Robert, Lord Boyd. By this union there were a
son and daughter, of whom hereafter. He married thirdly, in October,
1669, Margaret Swinton, of Swinton, by whom he had a son and a
daughter. He married fourthly, Mrs. Watt, of Rosehill, whose maiden
name had been Hepburn. Sir John inherited his mother's religious zeal,
and became a zealous Covenanter, and suffered imprisonment for his
defence of civil and religious liberty and his non-conformity. He Avas at
this time a member of parliament for Roxburghshire, and was prosecuted
for defending his brother, who was a distinguished preacher. He got a re-
mission in 1687, from the king, and died in 1700, a very short time after
his fourth marriage, and was succeeded by his son, of whom hereafter.

William Riddell 1 " (9), second son of Walter 17 (8), had bestowed upon
him the lands of Friarshaw, in Dumfrieshire, and became ancestor of the
"Riddells of Glen-Riddell," in that county. He married Elizabeth,
daughter of Capt. Francis Wauchope, of the Middev family. See " Glen-
Riddell."

Rev. Archibald Riddell 1 " (1), third son of Walter 17 (8), the second
Baronet, was educated for the church, and became ancestor of the "Rid-
dells of Grant-on," whom see.



RIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND, 71

Thomas Riddell 18 (3), fourth son of Walter 17 (8), married to Agnes
Scott. No other mention.

Andrew Riddell 18 (4), fifth son of Walter 17 (8), married, and had
issue one daughter, of whom hereafter.

Margaret Riddell 18 (3), a daughter of Walter 17 (8), married to the
Rev. Geo. Semple, of Jedburgh ; another authority says, "C. Semple, Esq."

Allison Riddell 18 (1), a daughter of Walter 17 (8), married to George
Home, Esq., of Barrendean ; another authority says, " a brother of Sir
William Scott, of Mourton." Possibly both.

Richard Riddell 18 (2), a son of Sir William 17 (8), of Holland.
Anna-Catherine Riddell 18 (1), a daughter of William 17 (8), married
to Nicholas Bowyer, Esq.

NINETEENTH GENERATION.

Sir Walter Riddell 19 (9), eldest son of Sir John 18 (8), became the
fourth baronet, and inherited the family estates. He married Margaret,
daughter of John Watt, of Rosehill, who was also a daughter of his step-
mother, and had issue Jioe sons and three daughters. Sir Walter was a
very godly man, and seems to have fully imbibed the piety of his father
and grandmother, whose spirit and habits were characteristic of him. He
was a great lover of the Scriptures, and was very zealous of their inter-
pretation. He was once attending the preaching of his own son Robert,
who was minister of Lilliesleaf, when thinking he was not presenting the
claims and terms of the gospel correctly, he stopped him with the words,
" Robert, that won't do." He was recommended to stop so many people
coming upon his property, but his answer was, " The earth is the Lord's."
In his days the public road passed close to the back of Riddell House, and
its nearness to the kind-hearted baronet's mansion, must have induced
a good many " seekers," as beggars were then called, to intrude upon his
premises. He died in 1747, and was succeeded by his second son.

Christian Riddell 19 (2), eldest daughter of John 18 (8), married Henry,
eldest son of Sir Patrick Nisbet of Dean.

William Riddell 19 (10), youngest son of Sir John 18 (8), died in 1700,
sine prole. His mother was Margaret Swinton, the third wife of Sir
John Riddell.

Margaret Riddell 19 (4), youngest daughter of Sir John 18 (8), was by
his third wife, Margaret Swinton.

TWENTIETH GENERATION.

John Riddell' 20 (9), eldest son of Walter 19 (9), was remarkable for his
talents and accomplishments as an advocate, but predeceased his father at
an early age, unmarried.

( Sir Walter Riddell 20 (10), second son of Walter 19 (9), succeeded as
fifth baronet, in consequence of his elder brother's predeceasing his
father. He was in early life a merchant at Eyemouth, probably a dealer
in fish and spirits, brandy being largely imported there. He married Jane,
daughter of J. Turnbull, Esq., of Houndwood, near Eyemouth ; it was a
runaway marriage, but the lady had neither money nor rank ; the rank was
on Walter's side, but as he was at the time only a merchant, the Turn-
bulls may have looked down upon him. He died in the year 1765, having
had issue Jioe sons and one daughter, of whom hereafter. He was suc-
ceeded by his second son.



72 BIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

Thomas Riddell 20 (4), third son of Walter 19 (9), became ancestor of
the " Riddells of Camieston," whose history consult.

William Riddell 20 (11), fourth son of Walter 19 (9), went to Bermuda,
in the West Indies, and became ancestor of a small branch family, which
soon became extinct in the male line. One of this family seems to have
been an eminent physician, and wrote a medical thesis which showed a
desire to do good.

Rev. Robert Riddell' 20 (3), fifth son of Walter 19 (9), married Esther,
daughter of Dr. John Riddell, of Edinburgh, his kinswoman, but had no is-
sue. He was minister of Lilliesleaf, and was sometimes interrupted during
his discourses by his father, the baronet, who was a very exact critic.

Eleiior Riddell 20 (1), eldest daughter of Walter 19 (9), married to
Robert Carre, Esq., of Cavers Carre.

Sarah Riddell' 20 (1), second daughter of Walter 19 (9), married to John
Forest.

Christian Riddell 20 (3), third daughter of Walter 19 (9), died young,
and unmarried.

TWENTY-FIRST GENERATION.

Walter Riddell' 21 (11), eldest son of Walter- (10), was a captain in
the service of the States of Holland; died unmarried before his father,
hence did not succeed.

Sir John Riddell' 21 (10), second son of Walter 20 (10), succeeded as
sixth baronet. Being second son, he was shipped off to Curacoa, where
he was a merchant, but coming home before his father's death, married
Jane, daughter of James Buchanan, Esq., of Sunden, in the County of
Bedford, to whose estates she succeeded on the death of her brother,
Archibald Buchanan, Esq., in the year 1772. He died about three years
after he succeeded to the title and estates, at Hamstead, in Middlesex, the
16th of April, 1768, leaving issue three sons, the youngest of whom was
posthumous

Col. James Riddell' 21 (2), third son of Walter- (10), was commissioned
a lieutenant-colonel in the Dutch service. He was represented as "a
fine-looking man." He died advanced in life, but unmarried, in 1804.

Andrew Riddell 21 (5), fourth son of Walter' 20 (10), died unmarried.

Capt. Thomas Riddell 21 (5). fifth son of Walter- (10), became
ancestor of the " Riddells of Beesborough," for an account of whom, see
department in this book under that head.

Jane Riddell 21 (1), only daughter of Walter 20 (10), married to John
Carre, Esq., of Cavers Carre, Roxburghshire.

TWENTY-SECOND GENERATION.

Sir Walter RiddelP (12), eldest son of Sir John 21 (10), succeeded
his father in 1768, and died in the seventeenth year of his age, Feb. 7,
1784. He was succeeded by his brother.

Sir James-Buchanan Riddell 22 (3), second son of John 21 (10), was
an officer in the First Regiment of Foot Guards, and was drowned at
Brunswick while bathing in the river, Sept. 4th, 1784, only a few months
after succeeding to the title and estates of the family. Succeeded by his
brother.

Sir John-Buchanan Riddell 2 ' 2 (3), third son of John 21 (10), succeeded'
his brother as ninth baronet in 17S4. He married August 17, 1805,
Frances, eldest daughter of Charles, Earl of Efcomney, and granddaughter,
maternally, of the Earl of Egremont. He was a member of parliament



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BIDDELLS OF ROXBUBGHSHIRE, SCOTLAXD. 73

for the burghs of Selkirk and Lanark, and died in the prime of life, and
in the midst of incomplete plans, April, 1819, aged 51 years, leaving issue
four sons and/?ue daughters, of whom hereafter. He was succeeded by
his eldest son the present baronet, the tenth in succession. Sir John was
one of the most devoted agriculturalists the country ever knew ; but in
carrying forward his improvements on an extensive scale, he seems to
have been lavish in his outlay, and became so involved, that after his
death the estate of " Rid dell- Whittun," which had so long been in the
possesssion of the old family, was sold. Many of the beautiful trees on
the lawn and about the grounds were planted by Sir John, and many
changes and improvements remain to prove his interest in, and passionate
love for, agricultural pursuits.

He was a man of commanding person, and elegant though stiff manners,
and as the representative of an old and long line of ancestry, he was
doubly respected. His business habits were good, but his affairs became
confused, and the property upon which he bestowed so much money was
lost to his descendants. High farming and extensive improvements con-
tributed to his troubles ; but in pushing his gigantic schemes, he was a
great benefactor of the working classes, to whom he gave extensive
employment, and the present proprietor is reaping the rich benefits of Sir
John's immense expenditure. As this article will close our immediate
connection with the old estate so long held, it will be proper to give some
description of Lilliesleaf at the time it passed out of the hands of the Rid-
dell family. Lilliesleaf is a parish in the northwest division of Roxburgh-
shire, bounded on the northwest by a part of Selkirkshire parish ; on the
north by Bowden ; on the east by Ancrum ; on the south by Minto, and a
detached part of Selkirkshire ; and on the west by Ashkirk. Its extreme
length from east to west is five miles ; its mean breadth is about two miles
and a furlong; and its area is upwards of seven thousand acres. A small
stream called Ale water, remarkable for the fine quality of its trout, forms
for half a mile the southern boundary; flows three miles northeasterly
through the interior, runs three miles debouchingly along the northern
and eastern boundaries, and passes away eastward into Ancrum creek.
Several broad, low ridges, and waving alternations of slope and valley,
diversify the surface of the parish; and though all is capable of cultiva-
tion, and at one time subject to the plough, it is now distributed into
nearly equal proportions of arable lands and pasture. About six hundred
acres are planted, and about fifty are mossy and waste. The soil is partly
light sand, partly clay, and partly a rich loam. Two marl-pits have given
up much treasure to the arable land. At the death of Sir John Riddell,
in 1819, his extensive lands, which had been nearly all disposed in arable
farms, were laid out in grass. This is the place commemoi-ated by Sir
Walter Scott, in the lines : —

" Ancient Riddells' fair domain,
Where Ale, from mountains freed,
Down from the lakes did raving come;
Each wave was crested with tawny foam,
Like the mane of a chestnut steed."

Although the family possessed the estate long enough to entitle the
great poet to call it "ancient Riddell," their title did not sustain the
highly, complimentary note connection with the first line of the above
verse. The Riddell family held possession from about 1120 to 1823, in all
six hundred and seventy years. Scott endeavors to establish the family



74 BIDDELLS OF B0XBUBGHSH1BE, SCOTLAND.

as domiciled at Riddell, long previous to the time they acquired it, and
mentions the date on the aisle of the old churchyard as being 1110. There
are memorials cut in the south wall, but they do not possess a sufficiently
antiquated character to represent a period so far back, though these figures
may have been re-cut in after times. There was an ancient church or
chapel on the Wester Lilliesleaf or Riddell estate, said to have stood near
an old ash-tree not far from the last gate leading from the Eastern
Lodge to the mansion-house, not far south from the old castle which stood
in the wood a little above where the old Lilliesleaf road to Selkirk passed.
At what period the ancient castle, which was probably a place of great
strength and security, was built, it would be impossible to say ; but it
seems probable that the family erected it very soon after acquiring the
property in the twelfth century. It is also difficult to prove when the
present " Riddell House " superseded the old castle as a residence,
though it gives evidence of great antiquity. When the present proprietor
was preparing to enlarge the ancient house, he erected in the western side
of the old mansion, an antiquated stone with the Riddell arms on one
side of the shield, and what was supposed to be the arms of the Kerrs on
the other side, though the stars are not on a chevron according to the
regular cognizance. This stone is evidently about four hundred years
old, and represents an alliance between members of the families of Rid-
dell and Kerr, which actually occurred about that date. An arch was
discovered at the same time, that gave evidence of great antiquity,
especially the walls from their hardness, probably caused by using hot
lime, as was common in olden times. The aisle in the old church-yard,
which was not reserved when the property was sold, but which was
generously restored by the purchaser, was used as a burial-place for the
family very early, but how early there is no authority to prove. No doubt
they were buried somewhere on the estate from their first settlement,
probably at the first chapel, as bones have been dug up there in years past;
but in process of time the aisle came to be used, in fact when it was part
of the old church, which stood till 1771, the year of the erection of the
present one. The choir of the old church was just where the aisle of the
present one now stands. Whether this ancient church was the original one,
cannot be known ; but it was evidently a pre-reformation one, and it was
thatched with broom, as was the custom in olden times. " It is to be
lamented," says one of the family in Scotland, " that at the sale of the fine
old place, the name of Riddell, which was given to it by the family after
themselves — a very unusual thing in the history of proprietors — had not
been changed, and a new name awarded, or the old one of Wester Lillies-
leaf restored. I have no doubt that the several distinguished branches of
the old family, whose ancestors for several centuries enjoyed an unmolested
and unbroken possession of the dear uld place, find its name now a
source of melancholy and unpleasant reflection."

The widow of Sir John Riddell, the last family proprietor of Riddell,
who was born Oct. 25, 1778, died July 1, 1868, at the great age of ninety
years. She was a woman of great character, and highly respected for her
quiet manners and amiable deportment. She was descended from Sir
John Maisham, who had been called " the great Maisham of England."

TWENTY-THIRD GENERATION.

Sir Walter-Buchanan Riddell 38 (13), eldest son of John" 2 (11), suc-
ceeded to the baronetcy at the death of his father in 1819. He was born



BIDDELLS OF BOXBUBGHSHIBE, SCOTLAND. 75



at " Riddell House," Roxburghshire, in 1810; married in 1859, Alicia,
youngest daughter of the late William Ripley, Esq., formerly of the Fifty-
second Regiment. He was educated at Eton and Oxford ; took his
degree of B. A. in 1831, that of M. A. in 1834. He was called to the
bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1834; is now a magistrate for Kent, Northumber-
land ; judge of the Metropolitan County Courts, and late recorder of
Maidstone. He has been a member of parliament. Sir Walter's seat is
at Hepple, Northumberland, a property that came to the family from the
Buchanans, said to be a beautiful place. He spends much of his time
in London. As he has no issue, his heir presumptive is John-Walter,
eldest son of Rev. John B, Riddell, who will probably eventually suc-
ceed. Sir Walter has manifested a deep interest in this book, and has
very kindly assisted the author in many ways. In reply to an invitation
to attend the family meeting held in Philadelphia in 1876, he says: " It
would have much gratified and interested me, had it been in my power to
have visited this proposed family gathering, and also to have witnessed
the great exhibition now in progress at Philadelphia, to which Lady
Riddell and I have received most kind and pressing invitations from old
friends resident in that city. But I am sorry to say that my judicial duties
in London prevent my leaving England, besides that I am rather old to
begin with the ' New World,' as your mighty continent used to be called
before the new career of the United States commenced one hundred years
ago. I hope that your genealogical work, with reference to which I have
had much interesting correspondence with you, is progressing satisfac-
torily, and that the proposed family gathering will secure the publication
of a family history, in which, if I may presume to consider myself the
head of the family, I may deem myself specially concerned and interested.
I beg you to present my compliments and the expressions of my hearty
good will to the president and gentlemen of the committee arranging the
meeting, as well as to the members of the old family and its branches
who may attend it, and also to express my great regrets that I am unable
to join the assembly."

Rev. Johu-Charles-R. Riddell 3 (12), second son of John- 2 (11),
was born in 1814; married April 16, 1846, Frances-Sophia, daughter
of the late George-James Chalmondly, Esq., and his wife, the Countess
Dowager of Romney. He was educated at Eton ; M. A. of Christ
Church, Oxford, and late Fellow of All Souls' College. He was rector of
Harrietsham, Kent, and Hon. Canon of Canterbury. Mr. Riddell was his
brother Walter's heir presumptive to the baronetcy ; he had issue eight
children, of whom hereafter. Deceased.

Gen. Charles-James Riddell'- 3 (1), third son of John 2 ' 2 (11), was
born in 1816; married in 1847 (Feb. 11th), Mary, second daughter of
Lieut.-Gen. Sir Hugh-Dalrymple Ross, K. C. B., and has issue a daughter.
He bears the title R. A., C. B.

Gen. Henry-Philip-A. Riddell 23 (1), fourth son of John 2 ' 2 (11), was
born in 1819. I have no record of his marriage. He was educated at
Eton and Haileybury college; was formerly in the Bengal service, and
a member of the Legislative Council of India ; is a magistrate for
Northumberland. His services under the government have been rec-
ognized by the presentation of the medal styled the " Star of India,"*

* Description of the " Star of India " — The, Star. — Rays of gold issuing from
a centre, having thereon a star in diamonds, resting upon a light blue enameled



76 BIDDELLS OF ROXBURGHSHIRE, SCOTLAND.

the highest bestowed for civil services under the crown. He got a com-
panionship and the designation of C. S. I. Mr. Riddel] was in the "Old
East India Company," and was at one time Postmaster-General of India.
He has been a most useful public servant, a man of remarkable ability and
energy of character. See his portrait in the group with his brother, Sir
Walter, in this book. His seat is Whitefield House, Rothbury, North-
umberland, in England, a place he rents of his brother, the baronet.

Frances-Jane Riddell 23 (1), eldest daughter of John- (11), was born
Aug. 6, 1806, in Edinburgh, Scotland; died in 1869.

Harriet Riddel!* 3 (1), second daughter of John' 22 (11), was born at
Ridded House, Roxburghshire, Aug. 29, 1808..

Emily Riddel! 23 (1), third daughter of John' 22 (11), was born Nov. 19,
1808 ; married Dec. 21, 1843, to John Adams, Esq., a barrister-at-law
(deceased), son of Mr. Sergeant Adams.

Jane Riddel!" 3 (2), fourth daughter of John 22 (11), was born sub-
sequent to 1810, and before 1819. No other mention.

Charlotte-Mary Riddell 23 (1), youngest daughter of John 22 (11), was
born subsequent to 1810, died in 1869.

TWENTY-FOURTH GENERATION.

John-Walter Riddel! 24 (13), eldest son of John' 23 (12), and his wife
Frances-Sophia, was born March 14, 1849; married in August, 1874, Sarah-
Isabel, youngest daughter of the late Robert Wharton, Esq., and has issue,
of whom hereafter. He was educated at Eton, and Christ's Church,
Oxford. He will eventually (should he outlive his uncle) succeed as
eleventh baronet. He is in London with his uncle Walter.

Robert-George Riddel! 24 (4), second son of John' 23 (12), and his wife,
Frances-Sophia, was born Sept. 15, 1854; lieutenant Sixtieth Rifles.

Charles-Sidney Riddel! 24 (2), third son of John' 23 (12), was born
Auo-. 30, 1858.

Henry-Edward Riddel! 24 (2), fourth son of John 23 (12), was born

Jan. 25, 1860 ; officer Royal Camanian Militia.

Franees-Mary Riddell 24 (2), eldest daughter of John' 28 (12).
Mary-Amelia Riddell 24 (1), second daughter of John' 23 (12).
Sophia-Anna Riddell 24 (1), third daughter of John 23 (12).
Margaret-Charlotte Riddel! 24 (4), fourth daughter of John' 23 (12).

Mary-Frances Riddell 24 (2), only daughter of Charles' 23 (1).

TWENTY-FIFTH GENERATION.

Katherine Riddel! 25 (1), eldest daughter of John' 24 (13), born Nov-
25, 1875.

circular ribbon, tied at the ends, inscribed with the motto of the order, viz: —
"Heaven's Light our Guide." also in diamonds. The Collar — Composed of the
Lotus of India, of palm-branches, tied together in saltier, and of the united red and
white rose. In the centre is an imperial crown; all richly enameled in gold, in
their proper colors. The Badge. — An onyx cameo of Her Majesty's effigy, set in a
perforated and ornamented oval, containing the motto of the order, " Heaven's
Light our Guide," surmounted by a star, all in diamonds. The ribbon of the order
is sky blue, having a narrow white band toward either side, and is worn from tin-
right shoulder to the left side. The Mantle — Light blue satin, lined with white,
and fastened with a cordon of white silk, with blue and silver tassels, on the left
vide a representation of the Star of the order. This decoration is conferred upon



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 11 of 103)