G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 online

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in 1580, to Anthony Lawe.

TWELFTH GENERATION.

William Ridell 12 (5), eldest son of Peter 11 (3), born in 1581.
Peter Ridell 12 (4), second son of Peter 11 (3), born in 1591.
Thomas Ridell 12 (6), third son of Peter 11 (3), was born in 1599.
Barbara Ridell 12 (1), a daughter of Peter 11 (3), born in 1584; was
married, first, to John Southeron, and secondly, to Anthony Theabold.



Sir Thomas Ridell 12 (7), the eldest son of William 11 (4), was knight-
ed by King James I, in the first year of his reign (1603). He was Sheriff
of Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1601 ; mayor in 1604 and 1616, and Member of
Parliament for that borough inl620, and again with his brother Peter, be-
fore mentioned, in 1628. He was a " Knight of Gateshead in the Palatin-
ate of Durham." He was bailiff of Gateshead in 1605, 1614, and 1620.
His father had obtained, in 1569, a case from the crown of coals, "cwm les
water pytles in campis de Gatshed " ; and he himself was one of the Grand
Lessees, as they were styled, of the Corporation of Newcastle, on the as-
signment of Thomas Sutton, founder of the Charter House, of the Lord-
ships of Gateshead and Whickham, and the parks, wastes, and coal mines
belonging to them, acquired in consideration of £12,000 paid down, but said
by Dr. Craddock, archdeacon of Northumberland, to be then worth £50,-
000 per annum. He built him a pleasant seat out of the hospital of St.
Edmund, in Gateshead, with an extensive prospect out on the fell, which



140 RWDELLS OF NEWCASTLE AND GATESHEAD.

comprised thirteen hundred acres of waste or common land. He married
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Conyers, Knt., of Sockburn, and had issue.

Sir Peter Ridell 12 (5), eldest son of William 11 (4), by his second
wife, succeeded as his father's heir. He married, first, Isabelle, daughter of
Mr. Alderman Atkinson, of Newcastle, and had by that lady, who died
in 1614, four sons and four daughters. Sir Peter espoused, secondly.
Mary, second daughter and co-heir of Thomas Surtees, Esq. (heir male of
the Dinsdale family), and had two more daughters, of whom hereafter.
He was Sheriff of Newcastle-on-Tyne, in 1604; mavor in 1619 and 1635;
Member of Parliament for that borough in 1623,' 1628, and 1640. He
inherited by will the property of a younger brother, Robert, who was a
draper in Newcastle (certain lands in Lancashire), and became a very
wealthy man. He died in 1640, and his dust lies within the hallowed
precincts of St. Nicholas' Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Henry Ridell 12 (1), second son of William 11 (4), by his second wife,
was born in 1574, and died at Elbin^e, in Germany, sine prole.

William Ridell 12 (6), third son of William 11 (4), by second wife, was
born in 1578 ; married and had issue ten children, of whom T have no
particulars, but presume they became the ancestors (five were sons) of
junior branches of the Northumberland family, whose connections can-
not be properly made out.

George Ridell 12 (1), fourth son of William 11 (4), by his second wife,
was born in 1580, and died when young.

Robert Ridell 12 (1), fifth son of William 11 (4), by his second wife, was
born in 1582, and died young.

Michael Ridell 12 (1), sixth son of William 11 (4), by his second wife, was
born in 1583, and died in 1613, probably sine prole.

John Ridell 12 (2), seventh son of William 11 (4), by his second marriage.
I have no particulars concerning him.

Robert Ridell 12 (2), eighth son of William 11 (4), by second wife, was
born in 1590, and died without issue, seized of certain lands in Lancashire,
leaving his brother, Sir Peter, his heir. He had married in 1621, Jane Cole,
who survived as his widow in 1651. He was a draper in the city of New-
castle, and acquired wealth.

Alice Ridell 12 (1), only daughter of William 11 (4), was born in 1587.
No mention of her marriage.

THIRTEENTH GENERATION.

Sir William Ridell 13 (7), eldest son of Thomas 1 - (7), was his father's
heir and successor. He was in the time of Elizabeth one of the Grand
Lessees in trust for the Corporation of Newcastle, of the Lordships of
Gateshead and Whickham. He married first, Katherine, daughter of Sir
Henry Widdrington, of Widdrington (this family was subsequently allied
to that of Riddel], as will presently appear), and had an only surviving
child, of whom hereafter.

Sir Thomas Ridell 13 (8), second son of Thomas" ( 7 ), was a Knight of
Fenham, recorder of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and representative of the borough
in Parliament in 1620 and 1628. He was also Colonel of a regiment of
foot under Charles I, and Governor of Tynemouth Castle. During the
troubles of his time he espoused with extraordinary zeal the royal cause,
and so distinguished himself that a reward of one thousand pounds was
offered for his apprehension. He was a Catholic and cavalier of inflexible
spirit ; and his mansion, which was situated a little to the east of the pres-



EIDDELLS OF NEWCASTLE AND GATESHEAD. 141

ent Trinity Chapel, in the High Street of Gateshead, suffered often and
severely from the ravages of the Presbyterian forces. In the year 1640,
while the Scottish array occupied Newcastle, he sent a petition to King
Charles on account of the destruction of his property at the hands of the
soldiers, whereby, as he alleged, he and his posterity were " like to be ruin-
ated and undone." There was no help, however, under existing circum-
stances, as will appear from the following letter, which has been considered
by some as apocryphal. It purports to have been written by one Captain
Leslie to Sir Thomas Ridell, of Gateshead House. It runs thus : —

" Sik Thomas. — Between me and Gad, it maks my heart blead blued to see sic
wark gae thro sae trim a garden as yours. I ha been twa times we my cusiu the
Generall, and sae shall I sax times mair afore the warks gae that gate.
But gin awe this be dune, Sir Thamas, ye maun mak the twenty pounds
thraty, and I maun hae the tagg'd-tail trooper that stands in the staw, and the wee
trim-gaeing thiug that stands in the newk o' the haw, chirping and chiming at the
neun-tide o' day, and forty bows of bier to saw the maens withawe. And as I am a
chevalier of fortin, and a limb o' the house of Rothes, as the muckle mauu kist in
Edinburgh Auld Kirk can weel witness for these aught hundred years and mair
bygane, nought shall skaith your house, within or without, to the valedome of a
twapenny checken. I am your humble sarvant, John Lessley,

Major General and Captain over sax score and twa men and some mair; Crouner
of Cumberland, Northumberland, Murryland, and Riddesdale, the Merce, Tiviotdale,
and Fife ; Bailie of Kirkadie ; Governor of Brunt Eland and the Bass ; Laird of
Libertoue, Tilley and Whoolly ; Siller-Tacker of Stirling ; Constable of Leith ; and
Sir John Lesslie, Knight, to the bute of awe that."

After the surrender of Tyneraouth Castle, which was necessitated by
" the pestilence having been five weeks amongst the garrison with a great
mortalitie, soe that they were glad to yeald, and to scatter themselves
abroad," the knight made his way to Berwick-on-Tweed, from which place
he made his escape to the Continent in a small fishing-smack. He died at
Antwerp in 1652, two years after the death of his father, "a broken and
banished man," his lordship of Tunstal having previously been sold to
satisfy the composition levied upon him, amounting to about as much as it
was worth, in the then depressed state of the land market. He married
in 1629, Barbara, daughter of Sir Alexander Davidson, Knight of Blakis-
ton, and widow of Ralph Calverly, by whom he had issue, of whom here-
after.

Peter Ridell 13 (6), third son of Thomas 12 (7), died sine prole.

Hon. George Ridell 13 (2), fourth son of Thomas 12 (7), born in 1602,
was Doctor of Civil Law, Judge Advocate in the Army of the Marquis
of Newcastle, and during the siege of Hull, in 1645 ; married Jane, daugh-
and by her had a son and daughter, of whom hereafter.

ter and co-heir of Eysdale, Chancellor of the Diocese of York,

and by her had a son and daughter, of whom hereafter.

Robert Ridell 13 (3), fifth son of Thomas 12 (7), born in 1612, married a
French lady, named Magdalen. No account of a family, but he was pre-
suniably ancestor of some branch of the Riddell family that cannot now
be properly made out.

Ephraim Ridell 13 (1), sixth son of Thomas 12 (7), born in 1615.

Anilie Ridell 13 (2), eldest daughter of Thomas 12 (7), was the wife of
Sir John Clavering, Knight of Callaly.

Elizabeth Ridell 18 (1), second daughter of Thomas 12 (7), died in 1606.

Mary Ridell 13 (1), third daughter of Thomas 12 (7), was the wife of
Sir Francis Radcliffe, Baronet of Dilston.



142 1UDDELLS OF NEWCASTLE AND GATESHEAD.

Eleanor Ridell 18 (2), fourth daughter of Thomas 12 (7), bom 1610.
Jeailie Ridell 13 (1), fifth daughter of Thomas 1 ' 2 (7), was the wife of
John Forcer, Esq., of Harbor House, Durham.

FOURTEENTH GENERATION.

William Ridell 14 (8), eldest son of William 18 (7), and his wife Kath-

erine Widdrington, was of Gateshead. He married first Isabella , and

by her had one daughter, of whom hereafter ; his second wife was Mar-
garet , by whom he had a son and daughter. He died in 1698.

Thomas Riddell 14 (9), eldest son of Thomas 18 (8), succeeded his father,
and was styled "of Fenham, in the county of Northumberland," which
estate he sold in the year 1695, under an act of Parliament, to John Ord,
Esq., of Newcastle. This property once belonged to the Knights of Jeru-
salem, called " Knight Hospitallers of St. John." The estate was granted
them by Parliament in 1324. It was annexed to the crown at the Dissolu-
tion, but afterwards came by purchase to the Riddell family ; they held it
for only a few generations, however, and sold it to the Ords as above
stated. The coal mines were reserved at the time of the first sale, but
were afterwards sold to the Ords, who held the hall and lands until about
thirty years ago, when the mansion and about ninety acres of land were
sold to Colonel Bell, and he and his widow held it for fifteen years ; it
was then sold to William Pears, who held it till about 1873, when it came
by purchase to William-Cochran Carr, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, the present
owner. The hall and about two hundred acres of land are all that has
been sold from the original estate by Mrs. Blackett Ord, who now owns
large tracts of valuable land in Fenham and Benwell [vide Gazetteer],
For the past twenty years the hall and grounds have been neglected and
allowed to go to ruin, till by the exertions of the present proprietor it has
been thoroughly renovated and put in fine condition (see plate view of
Fenham Hall in this book). The grounds are beautiful, and the trees very
large, — indeed the largest in the neighborhood, — some of them being
thirty-six inches in diameter at five feet from the ground. The rhodo-
dendrons on the terrace are of unusual size ; they have come down to the
ground again, and have taken root, until from one original plant a tree
now covers about fifty feet in area. Mr. Riddell was the first of this
family whose name is found spelled with the double letters in full. He
married Mary, eldest daughter of Edward Grey, Esq., of Bichfield, North-
umberland, and had (with other daughters who all died unmarried) eight
sons and one daughter, of whom hereafter. Mr. Riddell was baptized in
1632, and died in 1704.

Ralph Riddell 14 (1), second son of Thomas 18 (8), was born in 1636.
No further mention of this child.

Barbara Riddell 14 (2), eldest daughter of Thomas 18 (8), was born in
1630.

Anne Riddell 14 (3), second daughter of Thomas 13 (8), born in 1632,
was married to Francis, second son of Marmaduke Tunstal, Esq., of Wyc-
liffe, in the County of York.

Elizabeth Riddell 14 (2), third daughter of Thomas 18 (8), born in 1634;
was married to Ralph Wilson, Esq., of Field House, near Gateshead, in
the County of Durham.

Margery Riddell 14 (1), fourth daughter of Thomas 18 (8), born in 1639;
was living in 1661, a nun at Pointoise, in France.



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RIDDELLS OF SWINBURNE AND FELT ON. 143

Jane Riddell 14 (2), fifth daughter of Thomas 13 (8), born in 1641.
Eleanor Riddell 14 (3), sixth daughter of Thomas 13 (8), born in 1643.
A daughter Angela died 1709, aged 65 years.



Thomas Ridell 14 (10), only son of George 13 (2). No particulars.
Margaret Ridell 14 (2), only known daughter of George 13 (2).

FIFTEENTH GENERATION.

Jane Ridell 16 (3), eldest daughter of William 14 (8), by his first wife
Isabella, was married to Mark Riddell, m. d.

William Ridell 15 (9), only son of William 14 (8), by his second wife
Margaret, was his father's heir and successor. He was the last known of
this family styled "of Gateshead," having died issueless in 1710. The
Gateshead property seems to have passed for a time into the family of
Clavering of Callaly, Sir John Clavering, Knt., a staunch Royalist
throughout the civil wars, having married Annie Ridell, William's great-
aunt. Ralph Clavering, the fourth in descent from this marriage, was an
occasional resident at Gateshead House, during the Jacobite Rebellion ;
and in January, 1746, when the Duke of Cumberland and his army passed
through the town, and a vast crowd was collected by the spectacle, several
keelmen perched themselves upon the garden-wall belonging to the Ridell
mansion to obtain a better view, whereupon Robert Woodness, the gar-
dener, hounded the dogs upon them. This gave such provocation to the
mob that they broke into the garden, and proceeding from one act of de-
struction to another, finally destroyed the house by fire, together with the
" Popish Chapel " attached to it. And thus ended the residential connec-
tion of the Ridell family with Gateshead ; for the house was never re-
paired, and the materials were gradually carried away, until, in 1820, the
ruins were entirely removed, and on the 13th of March, 1838, the last trees
of the garden were cut down by Mr. John Hopper, miller. The only relic
of the Ridell mansion now remaining is a gateway which stands at the
northwest corner of the chapel. Gateshead is only separated from the
city of Newcastle by the River Tyne, and is interesting only as a manu-
facturing place. Here are the great grindstone-quarries from which the
celebrated "Newcastle Grindstones" are shipped to all parts of the world.
The early history of Gateshead is obscure. William the Conqueror de-
feated the forces of Malcolm, King of Scotland, here in 1068.

Catherine Ridell 15 (1), daughter of William 14 (8), died unmarried in
1750.

[I shall now change the designation of this family from " Riddells of
Newcastle and Gateshead " to that of " Riddells of Swinburne and Fel-
ton," but shall carry forward the generation figures in the same rotation
as before. — Author.~\



RIDDELLS OF SWINBURNE AND FELTON.

[Fifteenth Generation from Jordan de Ridel. ]

Thomas Riddell 15 (11), eldest son of Thomas 14 (9), who sold Fenham
and purchased Swinburne, was born in 1656, and died young, leaving no
descendants.

William Riddell 15 (10), second son of Thomas 14 (9), was born in
1658, and died young, issueless.



144 • BID DELLS OF SWINBUliXE AND F ELTON.

Edward Riddell 15 (1), third son of Thomas 14 (9), was his father's heir
and successor. Was horn in 1660, and styled "of Swinburne Castle."
He married Dorothy, daughter of Robert Dalton, Esq., of Thurnham, in
Lancashire, and dvintr in 1781, was succeeded by his son, of whom hereafter.

Alexander Riddell 15 (1), fourth son of Thomas 14 (9), born in 1663.

Mark Riddell 15 (1), m. d., fifth son of Thomas 14 (9). born in 1665; was
a physician, sometime of Hunton, and afterwards of Morpeth. He mar-
ried Jane, daughter of William Riddell, as before mentioned, and had
one only son living in 1731, when his father's will was proved. This will
w as dated 1721, and Dr." Riddell probably died about that time.

John Riddell 15 (3), sixth son of Thomas 14 (9), died in 1672.

Thomas Riddell 15 (12), seventh son of Thomas 14 (9).

William Riddell 15 (11), eighth son of Thomas 14 (9).

Elizabeth Riddell 15 (2), only daughter of Thomas 14 (9), was married
to William Shaftoe, Esq., of Barrington.

SIXTEENTH GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 16 (13), eldest son of Edward 15 (1), was styled "of
Swinburne Castle, Esq." He married in 1726, Mary, daughter of William
Widdrington, Esq., of Cheeseburn Grange, and sister and co-heir of Ralph
Widdrington, by whom he had issue. This gentleman was involved in the
rising of 1715, but saved himself by escaping from Lancashire Castle, but
not being excepted from the general pardon, he was allowed to return to
his estate and reside there unmolested. Swinburne Castle, the seat of this
family, before mentioned, has a singular history. It was held with Gun-
nerton by Peter de Gunwarton, in the time of Edward I. In 1326, it be-
longed to John Swynburn, from whom it passed by marriage to the fam-
ily of Widdrington ; John de Widdrington being the first heir of that
name ; his descendants owned it in 1596. It was purchased by Thomas
Riddell, Esq. (ante), in 1695, and has since continued in this family. The
present castle is a very large stone building, situated on rising ground,
and " surrounded by plantations, laid out in long straight lines, which, at
a distance, have a dark and hard appearance." See plate view of Swin-
burne Castle in this book.



Edward Riddell 16 (2), only known son of Mark 15 (1) and Jane (Rid-
dell), was living in 1731, when his father's will (dated 1721) was proved.
He was styled " of Morpheth."

SEVENTEENTH GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 17 (14), eldest son of Thomas 16 (13), was his father's
heir and successor to Swinburne Castle. He married Elizabeth, only
daughter and heiress of Edward Horsley Widdrington, Esq., of Felton
Park, Northumberland, by whom he had several children, of whom here-
after. He was engaged with his father in the insurrection of 1715, and
was carried up to London, where, being arraigned for treason, he pleaded
guilty, but experienced the royal mercy, and was liberated. He sold the
collieries of Fenham, which had been reserved at the time of the disposal
of the rest of the estate, to the Ord family. He died in 1777, and was
succeeded by eldest son.

Ralph Riddell 18 (2), second son of Thomas 16 (13), inherited the prop-
erty of his uncle and namesake, Ralph Widdrington, called " Cheeseburn
Grange," and became ancestor of the " Riddells of Cheeseburn Grange,"
which see.






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BIDDELLS OF SWINBURNE AND FELTON. 145

Dorothy Riddell 18 (1), eldest daughter of Thomas 17 (13), died young.

Barbara Riddell 18 (3), second daughter of Thomas 17 (13), was the
wife of a Mr. Nelson, of Lancashire, an esquire.

[One daughter, whose name does not appear, was the wife of

Maxwell, Esq., of Scotland. Some say there was a son named Edward,
who died when a child, but I cannot tell certainly about him.]

NINETEENTH GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 19 (15), eldest son and heir of Thomas 18 (14), was of
Swinburne Castle, County of Northumberland. He married, April 19,
1790, Margaret, daughter of William Salvin, Esq., of Croxdale, and by
her had an only son, who predeceased him. He died himself in 1798,
and was succeeded by his youngest and only surviving brother.

Edward-H.-Widdrington Riddell 19 (3), second son of Thomas 18 (11),
inherited the estates of the Widdringtons through his mother, who
was the heiress, and was consequently styled "of Felton and Horsley."
He married, June 20, 1792, Isabella, fifth daughter of William Salvin,
Esq., of Croxdale Hall, County of Durham, and sister of the wife of his
brother Thomas, before mentioned ; but died without issue, Jan. 26, 1793,
at Stella Hall, Durham. His widow was married in 1803, to Ralph
Riddell, Esq., of Cheeseburn Grange. The manor of Felton, which came
to this family of Riddell from the Widdringtons, comprised Old Felton,
Acton, Swarland, Framlington, Glantlees, and Over-Isger. It anciently
belonged to the barony of Mitford, and was given by Henry I to William
Bertram ; but in the thirteenth year of the reign of Edward II it was
possessed by Andromare de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, who was mur-
dered in France, after which it passed successively to the Earls of Athol,
the Perceys, the Scropes, the Lisles, and the Widdringtons. The prop-
erty of Horsley came to the Riddells through the Widdringtons' inter-
marriage with the Horsleys, an ancient Northumberland family, long seated
at Long Horsley, whence the surname.

Ralph Riddell 19 (1), third son of Thomas ls (11), succeeded to the
estates of Felton and Horsley at the decease of his brother Edward,
issueless, in 1793. He married, July 23, 1801, Elizabeth, daughter of
Joseph Blount, Esq., second son of Michael Blount, Esq., of Maple Dur-
ham, and had issue, of whom hereafter. Mr. Riddell was passionately
fond of rearing and training race-horses, and eminently successful on the
" turf " ; yet he was no gambler, but of steady and retiring habits, to
which deafness gave him more than a natural relish. His noted horse
"Doctor Syntax," won about twenty gold cups ; another called "XYZ," —
"that bonnie steed that bang'd them a' for pith and speed," — carried off
nine gold cups ; and his "Don Carlos" was the winner of the same num-
ber, when he was purchased for the Russian government, and sent over to
that country. Mr. Riddell gave up his racing establishment a few years
before his death, which took place on the 9th of March, 1833, when he
was sixty-three years of age. He was a man of unbounded kindness,
and exceeding liberality to the poor. In consequence of the steady and
uniform adherence of this family to the Roman Catholic faith they have
not figured in the higher offices of the county.

Mary Riddell 19 (2), eldest daughter of Thomas 18 (14).

Dorothy Riddell 19 (2), second daughter of Thomas 18 (14), died un-
married.

Elizabeth Riddell 19 (3), third daughter of Thomas 18 (14), was married
10



146 BIDDELLS OF SWINBUBNE AND FELT OX.

to John Clifton, Esq., of Lytham Hall, County of Durham, and died
Nov. 19, 1825.

Alllie Riddell 19 (4), youngest daughter of Thomas 18 (14), was the wife
of Sir Walter Blount, Bart., of Soddington, County of Worcester. The
following account of the wedding will show the customs and manner of
the festivities of those times: — "1792, Nov. 24, — being the anniversary
of the birthday of Miss Anne Riddell, of F'elton Park, the morning was
ushered in by the ringing of bells ; ale and other liquors were distributed
to the populace, and the evening concluded with a dance at Felton Park.
On the 27th, Sir Walter Blount, of Morley, in Shropshire, gave an ox to
the inhabitants of Felton and its environs, which was roasted whole.
Two men cooks, in proper uniforms, cut up the ox and distributed it in
equal proportions to the people ; the bakers of the village did the same
with the bread, and the publicans with their ale. The whole was con-
ducted with the greatest decorum, with music and tiring of cannon. The
favorite tune was, 'There's few good fellows when Watty 's awa'.' The
village exhibited a scene of laudable hospitality and harmless festivity.
On the following morning Sir Walter Blount and Miss Anne Riddell
were united in marriage. Immediately after the ceremony they took
their departure for his seat in Shropshire, amidst the blessings of the
poor, and the acclamations of the populace, who unharnessed the horses
and drew the carriage from Felton Park quite through the village. He
gave ten pounds to the poor of the parish, and three guineas to the people
who drew the carriage, to drink; at the same time Sir Walter ordered
two fat sheep to be roasted and distributed, and this was accordingly
done that day." Lady Blount died in 1823, one only son surviving her,
the eighth and present baronet, Sir Walter Blount.

TWENTIETH GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 20 (16), eldest son of Ralph 19 (4), was born May 18,
1802; married Oct. 15, 1827, Mary, daughter of the late William Throck-
morton, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn. He succeeded his father as heir of Swin-
burne Castle and Felton Park, on the 19th of March, 1833. He was a
Commissioner of the Peace for Northumberland in 1830, and sometime
Sheriff for that county. He had four sons by his first wife, who, having
deceased, Mr. Riddell married secondly, in 1845, Laura-Anna, daughter
of Thomas-Joseph de Tafford, Bart., of Tafford Park, County of Lan-
caster, and by her had issue. He died at his seat, Felton Park, on the
5th of April, 1870, aged 67. Throughout the winter he had been an
invalid, but on Saturday before his death he was so well that he ventured
upon a drive to Alnwick. In waiting for his carriage to return home he



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 20 of 103)