G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 online

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Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 8 of 103)
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48 EIDDELLS OF NOBMANDY AND ABDNAMUBCHAN.



and Richard, and their sister Matilda, with many other persons of dis-
tinction, were swallowed up in the sea with the crew, soon after leaving
the port of Harrluer.

Hugh Ridel 9 (1), second son of Galfridus s (3), was endowed with the
patrimony of the lands of Farringdon, in Northamptonshire, besides which
he held the barony of Rilly, in Touraine, in France, and the manor of
Cranstown, in Scotland. He was ancestor of the " Riddells* of Cranstown-
Riddell " in Mid-Lothian, Scotland. Another authority supposes him to
have been a son of Gervacius Rydale, who stands at the head of the "Rid-
dells of Riddell," in Roxburghshire, Scotland. The Cranstown Riddells
were a distinguished, knightly, and baronial family, and gave their name to
their lands at a far earlier date than the Roxburgh branch. The barony
of Cranstownt was held of the crown by the descendants of Hugh. In a
little more than two centuries they became extinct in the male line, and
the heir of the last proprietor, dead in 1357, was the wife of John Murray.
One writer says, " Oscital Ridal having returned to his native land by
consent of King Malcolm Canmore, gave his lands of Cranstown, Preston,
and others, to his son Hugo, who in the year 1110 bestowed the church of
Cranstown, and certain lands in the barony, to the monastery of Selkirk,
which was founded by Prince David." I shall not separate the " Riddells
of Cranstown-Riddell" from the family now under notice.

Philip Ridel 9 (1), third son of Galfridus s (3), had one son who be-
came head of the family of " Riddells of Riddell," in Roxburghshire, Scot-
laud (which see), one who entered the church and was canonized, and
another who became Baron of Varcillac, in Guinne, who also entered the
church.

Matthias Ridel 9 (1), fourth son of Galfridus 8 (3), was made abbot of
Peterborough monastery, A. D. 1102 (or, as one writer says, in 1105 A. D.),
by King Henry I. Matthias appears to have made a conveyance of the
manor of Pithesle to his brother, the Justiciary of England, before men-
tioned. He held the abbacy but a year, dying on the twelfth of the calends
of November, the very day twelve months from his entrance. After his
death the king again seized upon the monastery, and held it three years.

* Riddell, a baronial (Norman) name derived from a Gothic race in Aquitaine,
France. Gerard, Baron of Blaye, 1030, granted lands to the Abbey of Fons Dulcis,
near Bordeaux, which grant was confirmed by his brother Gerald de Blaye, and his
sons Geoffry Rudelli (Ridel), and William Frehelandus (or Ridel) ; the last named,
who was living 1079-1099, married a sister of William de Albini Brito of England,
and had sons, Warm, Oliver, and Geoffry; the latter went to Scotland with King
David, received grants of laud there, and became ancestor of the Riddells of Ridell
in Roxburghshire.

Another Geoffry Ridel, of the preceding generation, came to England from
Apulia with William Bigod (or Bigot), to assist William the Conqueror, ami is
mentioned in Domesday Book, 1086. He was Crown commissioner with Ralph
Basset, 1106, aud succeeded that justiciary, 1120. A collateral branch of this family
possessed lands in Normandy, 1165; Geoffrey Ridel occurs in Normandy, 1180;
Roger, 1195; Geoffrey, 1198. This note was taken from a book entitled " The Nor-
man People."

t Cranstown-Riddell was acquired by the family of Macgills, in 1561. Sir James
Macgill, of Cranstown-Riddell, was created a baronet in 1619, and in 1651, a peer by
the title of Viscount Oxenford. The title became extinct at the death of Robert,
second Viscount, and the land descended by marriage to Sir John Dalrymple of
Cousland, and Fala, whose family succeeded to the earldom of Stair in 1841. and
Cranstown-Riddoll is still the property of that family. John Dodds is the present
factor at Cranstown-Riddell. There is no mansion on the estate now, only a factor's
house.



RIDDELLS OF NORMANDY AND ARDNAMURCHAN. 49

TENTH GENERATION.

Matilda Ridel 10 (1), only child of Galfridus 9 (4), married to Richard
Basset, Lord Justiciary of England to King Henry I. He was of an an-
cient and noble family, being the son of Ralph Basset, Lord Justiciary of
England, grandson of Thurstine, who came over with William the Con-
queror, great-grandson of Hugh Basset, who lived in the end of the tenth
century. Matilda and her husband founded the Abbey of Laud, in Lei-
cestershire. The issue of this marriage was four sons, the eldest of whom,
in honor of his mother, assumed the name of Ridel, and carried on that
family. Ralph, the second son, became ancestor of the Bassets of Dray-
ton, peers of the realm ; this branch ended in heirs female, married into
the family of Beauchamp, Earls of Warwick, the Earls of Stafford, and
the Chaworths. The third son, William, became ancestor of the Bassets
of Sapcote, peers of the realm, which branch ended in heirs female about
the time of that of Drayton, — the end of the fourteenth century. An
account of the fourth son hereafter. Matilda succeeded in 1139 A. D.



Riguald Ridel 1 ' 1 (1), a son of Hugh 9 (1) succeeded to his father's es-
tates, and left one son, his heir, of whom hereafter.

ELEVENTH GENERATION.

Galfridus Ridel 11 (5), eldest son of Matilda 10 (1), born at Blaye,
France, in 1129, assumed the surname of Ridel and became the represent-
ative of that family, being the twelfth in order of succession. He was
Baron of Blaye, in France, and held fifteen knights' fees in England of
the king, in capite, being lands in Normandy and others in England, as
a feudatory. He was one of the chaplains of King Henry II, and was so
much in the royal favor, that after Thomas a-Becket was elevated to the
primacy of Canterbury, he was appointed his successor as archdeacon of
Canterbury, 1162. He was induced to take holy orders by the king's en-
treaties, as his support against the machinations of Becket, who used to
declare that his greatest enemy on earth was Galfridus Ridel, and also to
give him on that account, the name of " Archdevil of Canterbury." He
was employed still at court, for his name stands second of the "Assidentes
Justicice Regis,'''' before whom, in 1165, a charter between the abbots of
St. Albans and Westminster was executed in the Exchequer. He was
sent with John of Oxford, in 1164, to the pope, to obtain his confirmation
of the ancient customs and dignities of the realm; and again, in 1169,
he was one of the ambassadors to the court of France, with the king's
request that Becket, who had withdrawn there, might not be permitted
to remain. Both embassies were unsuccessful, but his activity in the
king's behalf was not allowed to pass unnoticed. The irritated primate
included him in the excommunication which he pronounced in 1169,
against several of the bishops and chief men of the kingdom, and in an-
nouncing the sentence to the bishop of Hereford, he designated Galfridus
an "archdevil." On Henry's remonstrance, however, the pope's nuncios
found it necessary to absolve him before the end of the year, he being
one of those who personally attended the king. Galfridus' favor increased
at court with Becket's oppression, and accordingly, in the same year of
the death of the bishop, the See of Ely was placed in his hands and so re-
mained about four years. In 1173 the bishopric was given him, but he
was not admitted to it until he had given his solemn protestation in the
4



50 BIDDELLS OF NOBMANDY AND ABDNAMUBCHAN.

Chapel of St. Catherine, in Westminster, that he had in no way, know-
ingly- been accessory to the murder of the archbishop, an accusation not
unnaturally made againsl him, from the active part he was known to have
taken in the king's proceedings. He was then solemnly enthroned, hut
his consecration did not take place, the See of Canterbury being vacant,
until October, 1174.

On the retiremenl of Richard de Luci, in 1179, Bishop Galfridus was
appointed, with the Bishops of Winchester and Norwich, to lill the office
of Chief Justiciary, and on the division of the kingdom by the Council
of Windsor into four judicial circuits, these prelates were respectively
placed at the head of three of them. They were superseded the following
year, but Galfridus appears to have acted subsequently in court, as he was
one of the justices before whom a fine was levied in 1182. In the roll of
Richard I, his pleas are recorded as a justice itinerant in no less than live
counties. As, however, he died Aug. '21, 1189, in the interval between
the death of Kino- Henry and the coronation of Kino- Richard, which
took place within thirteen days of Galfridus' death, that monarch, finding
that he had died intestate, appropriated to the expense of the ceremony
the treasures he found in his coffers, amounting to three thousand and
sixty silver marks, and two hundred and five golden ones, no very vast ac-
cumulation after ruling so rich a diocese for nearly fifteen years. He had,
how ever, devoted a large sum during his life to the improvement of his
cathedral and the erection of the two towers from the foundation. The
cognomen, superbus, which he acquired, is stated to have been given from
the arrogance of his disposition and his want of affability. The his-
tory of Ely relates that his tomb was violated, and that his successor,
William de Longchamp, on the day of his enthronization, ascended the
pulpit, and with the other bishops present, excommunicated all those who
had committed the sacrilege, or consented thereto. During his term of
office he repaired St. Etheldreda's shrine, and added different vestments
and ornaments to those in use ; he gave to the church five rich copes of red
silk, bound with gold lace and adorned with golden flowers, one of the
copes having a circle of precious stones set in silver, an abbe starred with
gold, a mitre, and a noble altar cloth. He also redeemed many ornaments
which had been forfeited by his predecessor, and granted and confirmed
by charter the sum of one hundred marks to be annually paid to the
Sacrist from the treasury, to provide a wax taper to be kept burning
constantly before the high altar in the church forever; and two marks aris-
ing from lands in Somersham and Stokings, toward finding provision for
the convent, and for an allowance of rye and good beer to be made on
two days in the year. He had been nominated one of the executors of
King Henry's wilf, which bears date at Waltham, A. D. 1182. The king
dying abroad, in July, 1189, he went down (with many other bishops) to
Winchester in great state, to await the arrival of the new king, and while
there he was taken ill and died a iew days after. His body was conveyed
thence to Ely* and interred in the cathedral church. Whether he was

* The monastery of Ely was founded by Etlieldreda, daughter of Anna, Kins of
the East Angles. Her first design was to build the cathedral at Craterdune, about
a mile distant from the present city, where Ethelbert, King of the East Angles, is
said to have founded a monastery, which was destroyed by the army of Penda, King
of Mercia. From the Saxon Chronicles I learn that Etheldreda began her building
at Ely in the year G73, and the year following was consecrated abbess of her own
foundation. She was born about the year 630, at Ixning, in the western part of



B1DDELLS OF NOBMANDY AXD ABDNAMUBCHAK. 51



married has been a matter of question by sacred historians. I have found
good proof that he was twice married, but the name of his first wife does
not appear. He had, however, two sons by this wife, of whom hereafter.
He married secondly, Sibilla, sister of William Maudit, Lord of Hanslap,
and ancestor of the Earls of Warwick, by whom he left two sons and a
daughter, of whom more hereafter. He was inquired after by the pope,
and the answer was, "He has a gospel excuse for his absence." When
the pope asked what that was, he was answered, " He has married a wife
and therefore cannot come." From the foregoing, supplemented by the
statement made at his confirmation, namely, that he had not since his
admission to holy orders been married or cohabited with any woman, says
a sacred writer, "seems to imply that he had been formerly married."

Jordan Ridel 11 (1), fourth son of Matilda 10 (1) and Richard Basset, as-
sumed the surname of Ridel, and became possessed of lands of Nogent and
Aurillac, in Champagne, in France. This is the first time the name (Tor-
dan occurs in the family.



Hugh Ridel 11 (2), only son of Rignald 10 (1), was his father's successor,
and having no male issue his daughter became heir to his own estate and
that of Wittering.

TWELFTH GENERATION.

Margaret Ridel 1 " (1), a daughter of Hugh 11 (2), inherited the estates
of her father, and became the wife of Hugh Ridel, of whom hereafter.



Galfridus Ridel 1 " (6), eldest son of Galfridus 11 (5), obtained the prin-
cipality of Blaye, upon his father's entering the church, and was one of
the most celebrated of the troubadour poets. His history illustrates in a
most striking manner the age of chivalry in which he lived. He was the
favorite minstrel of Geoffrey de Plantagenet Bretagne, and during his res-
idence at the court of England, where he lived in great honor and splen-
dor, caressed for his talents and loved for the gentleness of his disposition,
he heard continually the praises of the Countess of Tripoli, — whose fame,
in consequence of her munificent hospitality to the Crusaders, who, when
returning from the plains of Asia, wayworn, sick, and disabled, were re-
lieved and entertained by her, had spread throughout Christendom, —
which praise of her beauty and benevolence, constantly repeated by the
returned Crusaders, in their enthusiasm of gratitude, fired the heart of
Ridel (sometimes spelled "Rudel") the poet to such an extent that, with-
out having seen her, and unable to bear the torments of absence longer, he
undertook a pilgrimage to visit the unknown lady. He quitted the Eng-
lish court against the entreaties and expostulations of his prince, and sailed
for the Levant. He became seriously ill on the voyage, and lived but a few
hours after the vessel reached the harbor of Tripoli. When the countess

Suffolk; her mother's name was Henswitha. She was first married to Toubert, a
nobleman of the East Angles, and afterwards to Egfrid, Kiug of Northumberland,
and, persevering with both husbands to live in a state of virginity, she was as-
sisted in building the monastery by her brother Adolphus, at that time King of the
East Angles. She died June 23, 679, and was buried in a wooden coffin, in the
common cemetery with the nuns, by her orders. The See of Ely was created by
King Henry I, in 1109 A. D. The bishops of Ely were Counts Palatine, but their
rights as such were nearly all destroyed by Act of Parliament, in the reign of Henry
VIII. The arms of Ely are, " Gules, three open crowns, two and one; or, bishop's
mitre on top of the shield."



52 RIDDELLS OF VORMANDY A.XD ARDNAMURCHAN.

beard that a celebrated poet was on board, who was dying for her love,
she immediately hastened to Ids side, and taking bis band entreated him
to live for her sake. Ridel, already speechless :m<l almost in the agonies
of death, revived for a moment at such unexpected tenderness and favor,
and expressing the excess of his gratitude and love, died in her arms.
The conntess wept most bitterly and vowed herself a life of penance for
the loss she bad caused the world. She commanded that the last song
Ridel had composed in her honor, should be transcribed in letters of gold,
and carried it always in her bosom. His body was enclosed in a magnifi-
cent mausoleum of porphyry, with aiwVrabic inscription, commemorating his
genius and bis love for her. The song which the minstrel composed when
on this romantic expedition, while bis strength was failing, and which was
worn by the countess* within her vest to tin- end of life, is still extant,
and has been translated into nearly every language in Europe; of these
translations the following by Sismondi best preserves the original curious
arrangement of the rhymes, as well as the piety and tenderness of the sen-
timent : —

" Irrite, dolent partirai,

Si ne vois cet amour de loiu,
Et ue sais quaud je le verrai

Car sout par trop nos terres loin.
Dieu, qui toutes choses as fait,
Et forraas cet amour si loin,
Donne force a mon coeur, car ai

L'espoir devoir m' amour an loin.
Ah, Seigneur, tenez pour bien vrai
L' amour qu' ai pour elle de loin.
Car pour un bien que j' en anrai,

J'ai mille maux, tant je suis loiu.
J' a d' autre amour ne jowirai,

Si lion de cet amour de loin, —
Qu'une plus belle jen'en scais
En lien qui soit ni pres in loin ! "

The following is as faithful a version anglicized, as the different idioms
of the language will admit of: —

"Grieved and troubled shall I die,

If I meet not my love afar;
Alas ! I know not that I e'er

Shall see her, — for she dwells afar.
O God ! that didst all things create,

And formed my sweet love now afar:
Strengthen my heart that I may hope

To behold her face who is afar.
Oh, Lord ! I believe how very true

Is my love for her, who is afar;
Tho' for each joy a thousand pains

I bear, because I am so far." t

Richard Ridel 1 " (1), second son of Galfridus" (5), succeeded his
brother, before mentioned, and became possessed of nearly all the family
estates in England. He resumed the surname of Bassett, and his family
became extinct in the male line; consequently the inheritance devolved
upon his brother, of whom hereafter.

* Princess Melinseud, daughter of Raimoud, Count of Tripoli, the affianced bride
of Manuel, Emperor of Constantinople.

f This poem must have been composed a<s early as A. I). 11 ">0.



RIDDELLS OF NORMANDY AND ARDNAMURVHAN. 53



Hugh Ridel 12 (3), third son of Galfridus 11 (5), and eldest by his sec-
ond wife, Sibilla Mandit, became on the death of his half-brother, who
died without male issue, direct ancestor and representative of his family,
and was the thirteenth in the order of succession. He possessed the prin-
cipality of Blaye. His descendants became the representatives of the
families of Ridel and Bassett. He married Margaret, daughter of another
Hugh Ridel, before mentioned, and in her right acquired the lordship of
Wittering, in Northamptonshire, the manor of Cranstown, in Scotland,
the barony of Rilley, in Touraine, France, and considerable property in
England, as she was heiress of her father, as before mentioned. By this
means he became a powerful baron, and his name is truly distinguished in
the annals of both England and Scotland. In 1174, he was one of the
noblemen who were hostages to King Henry II, for William the Lion,
King of Scotland, when taken prisoner at the battle of Alnwick. Through
that prince he was allied to the Ajou, Chester, and St. Liz families. He
had issue, three sons, of whom more hereafter.

William Ridel 12 (5), fourth son of Galfridus 11 (5), by his second wife,
Sibilla Maudit, was lord of the manor of Farringdon, in Northampton-
shire, and of Primside and Glengarnoch, in Scotland, of which kingdom
he was High Chancellor, under William the Lion. He died in the year
1214, leaving an only son, of whom hereafter.

Stephen Ridel 12 (1), a nephew of Bishop Ridel, is said by Dr. Millis
to have been archdeacon of Ely in 1210, and resigned this office in 1214.
Pie was chancellor to John Earl Moriton, afterwards King John ; and was
possessed of several ecclesiastical benefices in this diocese, of which he
was deprived by Bishop Longchamp, but probably restored to them
:i!4'ain, as he afterwards occurs witness with Richard Barre, archdeacon of
Ely, in several charters of Bishop Eustace. The name of this member of
the Norman house of Ridel does not stand in the regular pedigree of the
main line of the family, and there were, probably, many other junior

branches omitted.

THIRTEENTH GENERATION.

Galfridus Ridel 13 (7), eldest son of Hugh 12 (3) and his wife Margaret,
succeeded his father as Lord of Blaye, and was nephew of the barons
who conspired against King John, in the year 1212. By the death of his
nephew Hugh he again reunited to the family the estates of Wittering
and Cranstown, but some of the lands possessed by Hugh had been made
over by him to Ralph, Lord Basset, his kinsman of Weldon. He married
Hawissa, daughter and co-heiress of William Peverel, in whose right he
acquired Chiche Notley, and other lands in Essex, amounting to five
knights' fees, by whom he had two sons, of whom hereafter. Galfridus
died in 1249, and was succeeded by his son and namesake.

Hugh Ridel 13 (4), second son of Hugh 12 (3), and Margaret, his wife,
died before his father, — previous to 1200 A. D.

Richard Ridel 13 (2), third son of Hugh 12 (3), succeeded to his mother's
inheritance, and left one son, his heir.



Ralph Ridel 13 (1), only son of William 12 (5), acquired the estate of
Strixton, in Northamptonshire, by gift of his kinsman, William Maudit,
Earl of Warwick, in 1232, and also the manor of Risby, in Lincolnshire,
in right of his wife, Isabella, daughter of Falco D'Oyrie, by whom he had
two sons, of whom hereafter.



54 BIDDELLS OF NORMANDY AND ARDNAMURCHAN.

FOURTEENTH GENERATION.

Galfridus Ridel 14 (8), eldest son of Galfridus 13 (7), became ancestor
of the main line of the Ridel family, and succeeded his father as the fif-
teenth in succession in the lordships of Wittering and Cranstown, and in
the barony of Blaye. In the king's writs, summoning him and his father
to attend the army, and bring fifteen men at least with them into the field,
this Galfridus is styled "Galfridus Ridel, junior." He was more than
once entrusted with the important charge of forming and settling the
articles of peace between the two monarchs of England and France,
being chosen on the part of the former. He married the heiress of a large
estate in the island of Oleron (her name does not appear), of which King
Henry III ordered his Seneschal of Gascony to deliver seisin to her in
the year 1234; by her he had two sons, of whom hereafter. He died in
1261, a nobleman justly celebrated for his loyalty and the enjoyment of
the favor of royalty.

Roger Ridel 14 (1), second son of Galfridus 13 (7), succeeded to his
mother's inheritance and enjoyed it in the lifetime of his father, on
which account he was always designated "Roger Ridel, the son of Galfri-
dus." He also possessed his father's lands in Normandy, where his pos-
terity seems to have settled, and to have become a distinct and celebrated
branch of the Ridel family. One of them, Martin Ridel, was Baron of
More and Plainsevett, grand treasurer in France under Louis XIV.
Some of the descendants of this man settled in the United States, and
spelled their name Riddelle.

Hugh Ridel 14 (5), only son of Richard 13 (2), inherited the estates of
Wittering and Cranstown ; but dying without issue, these estates devolved
upon his uncle Galfridus 13 (7), before mentioned.



Robert Ridel 14 (1), eldest son of Ralph 18 (1), having no male issue,
gave his lands of Strixton, which he inherited from his father, to the
church, in 1282 ; but his estates in Scotland came to his daughter, of whom
hereafter.

Ralph Ridel 14 (2), second son of Ralph 13 (1), had Risby for his in-
heritance. He married Agnes, heiress of Wildon, in Bedfordshire, by
whom he had two sons, of whom more hereafter.

FIFTEENTH GENERATION.

Galfridus Ridel 16 (9), eldest son of Galfridus 14 (8), succeeded to his
father's estate in 1261. In France we find him several times summoned
to meet the king w T ell provided with horses and arms; and in England
and Scotland, as a great benefactor to religious houses. He had issue
three sons, of whom hereafter.



Margaret Ridel 16 (2), daughter of Robert 14 (1), married a daughter
of Henry de Cunningham, and became ancestress of the Cunninghams of
Glencairn, earls. She was her father's heiress and inherited his estates
in Scotland, and her descendants have represented some of the most
worthy families in the realm.

Sir John Ridel 16 (1), eldest son of Ralph" (2 i, was a knighl ami lord

of the manor of Wildon in Bedfordshire, in riejil of his mother, an heiress.
Ralph Ridel 16 (3), second son of Ralph 14 (2), inherited Risby, and



BIDDELLS OF NOBMANDT AND ABDXAMUBCIIAX. 55

had an only daughter, of whom nothing appears except that she was her
father's heiress and was married to Sir William Marmioir, Knight.

SIXTEENTH GENERATION.

Galfridus Kidel 10 (10), eldest son of Galfridns 15 (9), succeeded his
father in 1288, in the barony of Blaye. He was in great favor with
Kings Edward I and II : the latter in 1308 wrote a letter in his behalf to



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 8 of 103)