G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 online

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the King of France, a copy of which is still preserved. He had one
daughter, of whom hereafter. Died in 1319 A. D.

Sir Hugh Ridel 10 (6), second son of Galfridns 15 (9), succeeded to
the manor of Wittering and Cranstown, and to the barony of Montclare
and Piragord, and in consequence of his brother's dying without male
issue became eventually head of this family. He served King Edward
II in his war against Scotland, and swore fealty to him in 1296. As he
held his lands in Scotland of King Edward, as lord paramount in that
country ; for tarrying too long in Scotland, King Edward took from
him his manor of Wittering, and gave it to his son Galfridus. Thus
deprived of his rights, Hugh went to his kinsman, Sir William Ridell of
Northumberland, who generously settled upon him a part of his revenue.

Sir Nicholas Kidel 16 (1), third son of Galfridns 15 (9), acquired the
barony of Sotus, in Agenois in Guinne, and the manor of Sallows, in
Norfolk. His posterity became the representatives of this family, as will
afterwards appear.

SEVENTEENTH GENERATION.

Alicia Ridel 17 (1), only daughter of Galfridns 16 (10), was married to
William Furt, a Baron of Gascony. Her f)retensions to the barony of
Blaye, were doubtful, as it seems to have been confirmed, like many
others, to male heirs only; in which case, it should have devolved upon
her uncle Hugh, before mentioned. Alicia, however, having got posses-
sion of it, sold her rights and pretensions with regard to it to Edward II,
King of England, who had power enough to secure his bargain against
any impeachment that could be made against it by a subject, and par-
ticularly as Hugh was out of favor at court. A clause, however, was
inserted in the deed of conveyance, that, should Alicia's rights be
rendered invalid, she should lose the greater part of the purchase-money.



Sir Galfridus Ridel 17 (11), son of Hugh 16 (6), Baron of Montclare
and lord of the manors of Wittering and Cranstown ; but this last pos-
session he lost during the Scotch wars, in which he took an active part
against King Robert Bruce's party. He died in 1346, and was succeeded
by his son, of whom hereafter.



William Ridel 17 (6), son of Nicholas 16 (1), succeeded to his father's
estate as Lord of Sallows and of the manor of Sallows ; he was returned
to hold that lordship in 1316; his name is to be found in many bene-
factories. He had issue two sons, of whom hereafter.

EIGHTEENTH GENERATION.

Sir Hugh Ridel 18 (7), son of Galfridns 17 (11), succeeded his father
in 1346, as Baron of Montclare and lord of the manor of Wittering. He
petitioned King Edward III to procure him the restitution of Crans-
town, which his ancestors had held time immemorial of the kings of
England. His petition was not successful. He died in 1363 A. D., with-



56 IUDDELLS OF N0BMAND1 AND ABDNAMUBCHAN.

out issue, wherepon the manor of Wittering, as well as the representa-
tion of the family, devolved upon the grandson of Sir Nicholas Ridel,
before mentioned, who entering the church in the year 1800, settled his
manor and lands upon his son.

Sir Nicholas Ridel" (2), eldest son and heir of William 17 (6), was
Lord of Sotus and of the manor of Sallows. He afterwards succeeded
to the manor of Wittering, in Northamptonshire, and to Montclare, in
F'iragord, upon the death of his kinsman, Hugh Ridel, before mentioned ;
and at the same time assumed the representation of the family under
notice. He died shortly after, in 1363 A. D., leaving two sons, of
whom hereafter.

John RideP (2), second son of William 17 (6), entered into the church
and became rector of Chigwell, in Essex.

NINETEENTH GENERATION.

Sir John Ridel 19 (3), eldest son of Nicholas 1 " (2), succeeded his
father as representative of this family, and inherited the family estates in
England and France ; and also procured a charter from King David
II, of Scotland, granting him the manor of Cranstown, which had been
lost by his predecessors ; this property he either sold, or was forced to
relinquish, as we find it possessed by William Watson soon after. Thus
the family, by losing their possessions in Scotland, for many years had
no intercourse with that kingdom, till they acquired other propertv
there, as will presently appear. Sir John made a conspicuous figure in
the wars between England and France. He was succeeded by his son, of
whom more hereafter.

William Ridel 1 '' (7), second son of Nicholas 15 (2), acquired the manor
of Walcot, and other lands in Northamptonshire. He made a conspicuous
figure with his brother, before mentioned, in the wars between France and
England ; and dying without issue male his property was divided be-
tween his two daughters, one of whom was the wife of Sir Richard Grif-
fin, the other of Sir Richard Sutton ; their names do not appear.

Nicholas Ridel 19 (3), third son of Nicholas 18 (2), was proprietor of
the manors of Wittering and Sallows, and Baron of Montclare and Sotus,
in France. He died in 1405, leaving two sons, of whom hereafter. Nich-
olas became head of this family.

TWENTIETH GENERATION.

Hugh Ridel 20 (8), eldest son of Nicholas 19 (3), succeeded to his father's
estates of Montclare, Wittering, and others. He married Elizabeth Cowal,
heiress of Thornby, in Northamptonshire, by whom he had three sons, of
whom hereafter. He died in 1422 A. D., and was succeeded by his son.

Thomas Ridel" (1), second son of Nicholas 19 (3), appears in the pedi-
gree without mention of his capacity.

TWENTY-FIRST GENERATION.

Nicholas Ridel 21 (4), eldest son of Hugh 20 (8), was lord of the manor
of Wittering. He was strongly attached to the house of Lancaster; and
in honor of King Henry VI he named his son and heir. The whole of
the family estates on the Continent were in his time lost, in consequence
of the province of Guinne being wrested from the English Crown in
1445 A. D. He was succeeded by his son, of whom hereafter.

Sir William Ridel 21 (8), second son of Hugh 20 (8), obtained for his



BWDELLS OF NOBMANDT AND ABDNAMUBCHAN. 57

inheritance the manor of Sallows and the barony of Sotus in Gninne,
where he distinguished himself in several engagements in which he fought.
Having no children, his third brother, of whom hereafter, succeeded to
his property; and the son of his brother eventually became head of this
family, as will appear.

Thomas Ridel 21 (2), third son of Hugh' 20 (8), succeeded to his brother
William, before mentioned, as lord of the manor of Wittering and the
barony of Sotus in Guinne. In 1422 he entered the service of France
when leagued with England, and served as an English Esquire, under his
brother Sir William, who was then proprietor of Sallows. He died in
1428, and was succeeded by his son, of whom more hereafter.

TWENTY-SECOND GENERATION.

Henry Ridel' 22 (1), son of Nicholas' 21 (4), was his father's heir to Wit-
tering and other lands in Northamptonshire. He distinguished himself
by his attachment to the house of Lancaster during the civil wars. He
was named in honor of King Henry VI. He married Egidia, who sur-
vived him some years (he deceased in 1471), and by her had issue, an
(inly daughter and heir, who became the wife of Robert Halley, Esq., who,
in her right, enjoyed the lands which belonged to the Ridel family. Thus
the manor of Wittering passed out of the family after remaining in their
possession above three hundred years. Some monuments still remain in
the old church at Wittering, especially their coat-of-arms (see their arms
in this book), which is on stained glass, in the upper pane of the chancel.
The family vault may also be seen. Upon the death of Henry, the rep-
resentation of the family devolved upon his cousin, of whom hereafter.

Sir John Riddell 22 (4), son of Thomas 21 (2), was lord of the manor
of Sallows and Baron of Sotus in Guinne, where he fought in defense of
his property, but lost it irrecoverably when that province fell into the
hands of the French. He bore his own standard, being a knight banneret,
and was served by thirteen esquires. He is the first of this family who is
known to have spelled the surname with the double letters. He was re-
turned to hold the manor of "Riddell," in Sallows, in A. D. 1458, and
died in A. D. 1474, leaving issue two sons, of whom hereafter.

TWENTY-THIRD GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 23 (3), eldest son of John' 22 (4), was styled " of Sallows,
Esquire." In his time the family had lost much of its grandeur and influ-
ence. The manor of Wittering, and other lands in Northamptonshire,
were now lost, and the estates in Guinne, estates which caused the Ridels
to have a continued connection with France for Jive hundred years, that
is from their existence as a distinct family, now also remained to them
no longer. Thomas died in 1505 A. D., and was succeeded by his son.

Robert Riddell 23 (2), second son of John 22 (4), served in the ai*my of
France, in the year 1480, and was styled an " English Esquire."

TWENTY-FOURTH GENERATION.

Thomas Riddell 24 (4), a son of Thomas' 23 (3), was styled " of Sallows,
Esquire." He married Constantina, daughter of John Calle, of Melton,
in the County of Norfolk. By an inquisition at the castle of Norwich, it
appears that he died Sept. 20, 1545, leaving an only son, then only nine
years old, who was his successor.



58 BIDDELLS OF NOBMANDJ AND ABDNAMUBCHAN.

TWENTY-FIFTH GENERATION.

John Riddell"' (5), only son of Thomas 84 (4), succeeded his father
when a child. In the year 1550 he sold his manor of Sallows, and other
possessions in Norfolk, to one Nicholas Southerton, being then fourteen
years old. He then went to and dwelt in Scotland, where he was well
received by King James I. He married a daughter of Thomas Urquahart,
of Cromerty, by Helen, daughter of Lord Abernethy, of Salton, by whom
he had two sons. He died in 15*4 A. D.

TWENTY-SIXTH GENERATION.

James Riddell 20 (1), eldest son of John-'' (5), succeeded to his father's

estates.* He remained in Scotland where his father had settled, and
acquired considerable property in the County of Edinburgh; to this a
remarkable addition was made by his marriage with Elizabeth, daughter
of Adam Alleyn, Esq., a connection which formed a sufficient induce-
ment for him to fix his residence in Scotland. He died in the year 1620,
Leaving an only son, his successor.

TWENTY-SEVENTH GENERATION.

James Riddell" 7 (2), only son of James- 6 (l),t was styled, "of King-
lass, in Linlithgowshire, Esquire." The estate of Kinglass he purchased
soon after his father's death. He was a man of great talents, and of the
most exemplary virtues, both public and private. To his patriotic endeav-
ors Scotland is indebted for the introduction of some of its most valuable
manufactures. To these endeavors his great influence, both in England and
Scotland, gave success, as it secured the concurrence and assistance of some
of the most eminent men of that time, and particularly that worthy noble-
man, the Earl of Crawford and Lindsey, who in one manufactory joined with
him in partnership. Being a man of the most liberal spirit, he was equally
respected during the time of the commonwealth, and afterwards under the
newly established monarchial government. | Many friendly letters which



* About 1595, this James Riddell was made a free denizen of the royal city of
Kasimier, and in 1602, he had from Alexander, then King of Poland, all the priv-
ileges of a free citizen confirmed to him. On his return to Scotland he became a
burgess aud guild-brother of Edinburgh. He died in 1G20.

f The following acrostic in praise of James Riddell aud the antiquity of his fam-
ily, which was taken from the family papers, is a curiosity worthy a place here.

"J I cannot chuse but preyse thy noble name,
A As one descended from an ancient stoke ;
M Mars into belyck lies renoined thee feme,
B Excelling all the base and vulgar sort.
S So hold thyself of a brave, loftee mind,
R Resembles rycht thee art comyt of that kyud,
I Join all the art wyse and judicious;
D Descreet iu lyfe and conversatione,
D Distroying all evil leafes virtions,
E Esteemed, beloved, and of gentill fashoun;
L Loftee and gallant, a youth of pregnant spirits,
L Likely by fortune to be raiset by merit."
It is not known which James Riddell this was written to, but believed to repre-
sent the above James, hence placed in this connection.

X During the civil wars this James Riddell was much in the confidence of Oliver
Cromwell and General Monk; the former once lodged with him in his house at
Leith, aud afterwards corresponded with him. He was appointed by the Scots Es-
tates, Commissary General to their forces, in their expedition to the north, and he
is so designated in his burgess ticket from the town of Brechin, in 1645. At Mr.



BIDDELLS OF NORMANDY AND ARDNAMU1WHAN. 59

passed between him and General Monk, together with a passport written,
signed, and sealed by the General himself, in November, 1659, are still
preserved. Probably the General's affection for Mr. Riddell was stronger
on account of his being descended from Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and
from Galfridus, Lord Ridel. He married Sept. 19, 1639, Elizabeth, eldest
daughter of George Foulis, Esq., of Ravelstone, Master of the King's Mint,
niece of Sir James Foulis, of Ingleby, in Yorkshire, Baronet, ancestor of
Sir Archibald Primrose, by whom he had nine sons, the two eldest of whom
successively became his heirs, and eight daughters, one of whom was the
wife of Walter Riddell, of Minto. This marriage is the first alliance be-
tween the main line now under consideration, and the Roxburghshire
branch, after it was broken off and established as a distinct family. This
James died in 1674, aged 66 years.

TWENTY-EIGHTH GENERATION.

James Riddell 2 " (3), eldest son of James 27 (2), succeeded his father in
the estate of Kinglass, Scotland, and was a captain in the service of the
States of Holland. He greatly encumbered his paternal estate, and dying
unmarried in 1688, he was succeeded by his brother, as hereafter stated.

George Riddell 2s (1), second son of James 27 (2), was styled " of King-
lass, Esquire," having succeeded his brother James, before mentioned.
He married Jane, eldest daughter of Capt. John Tailzeour, by his first
wife, who was daughter of Dr. John Evans, rector of Lewisham, in
Kent, descended from an ancient family in Wales; by her he had issue
six sons and eight daughters. He was a wine merchant at Leeds, Scotland.
He was succeeded in 1706 by his son ; the only one known to be then
living.

TWENTY-NINTH GENERATION.

Capt. George Riddell 29 (2), eldest son of George 2S (1), in whose time
the estate of Kinglass passed out of the family. He married Christiana,
daughter of Andrew Patterson, Esq., of Kirkton, by Barbara his third
wife, daughter of Colonel MacDougall, a younger son of the family of
Treugh, now represented by the Earl of Dumfries, and sister of James
Patterson, Esq., of Kirkton, who married the Honorable Catherine, daugh-
ter of Lord John Gray, and had issue nine sons and six daughters. Cap-
tain Riddell was a distinguished man.

THIRTIETH GENERATION.

Dr. George Riddell 30 (3), eldest son of George 29 (2), became an
eminent physician in Yorkshire, Va., and is supposed to have died before
his father, as the succession of the estate devolved upon a younger
brother, who, was settled at Belton. I have not been able to learn whether
this man had a family.

Andrew Riddell 30 (2), second son of George 29 (2), was styled " of En-
held," and is presumably the first of that family, which see for account of
descendants. He was an officer in the army.

Riddell's request a church at Leith was restored to the parishioners by General
Monk, — it had been used for a stable, — and the citizens conferred upon him a large
space in the body of the church for a seat for his family. His passport from Gen-
eral Monk allowed him to pass and repass, free from molestation, with his servants,
horses, and arms, about his private affairs. After the Restoration he obtained
from Ch tries II an order for erecting a new manufactory of woolen and tow cards,
the first of the kind in Scotland, for which he obtained an act of Scottish Parlia-
ment, in 1663.



60 I! I UDELLS OF NORMANDY AND ARDNAMURCHAN.

Sir James Riddell 80 (4), third son of George 29 (2), was styled "of
Ardnamurchan and Sunart." He had the honor to be created a baronet
by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, Sept. 2, 1778. He was a Doctor
of Law, Justice of the Peace for the Counties of Argyle and Suffolk, and
member of the Society for Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and
Commerce. He married first, Mary, daughter of Thomas B. Milles, of
Billockby Hall, in the County of Norfolk, by Helen his third wife, daughter
of Major Ferrier of Hemsby, and Member of Parliament for Yarmouth,
in the same county. By her he had four sons and one daughter, who,
with the second and fourth sons, died young. He married secondly, in
1 775, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Burden, Esq., in the county of Durham
and York, as heir to her father and grandfather, Henry Poster, Esq.

John Riddell 80 (6), fourth son of George 20 (2), acquired wealth by
commerce in Virginia, and is supposed to have taken up his residence in
that State, but no account of a family appears in the Scottish pedigree.

Robert Riddell 30 (3), fifth son of George 29 (2), was styled "of Garzield,
Dumfrieshire." He married Susanna-Andry Kenneys, and became an
officer in the royal regiment of Horse Guards. He died at Musselburgh,
in 1802, and his widow at Garzield, in 1806 (?). In the account of his
death found in the Gentleman' s Magazine, Mr. Riddell is styled " of
Kennys Hall," in Dumfrieshire, Scotland ; no account of a family.

THIRTY-FIRST GENERATION.

Sir Thomas-Milles Riddell 31 (5), eldest son of James 80 (4), was styled
"of Mount Riddell," in the County of Stirling. He succeeded his father
as second baronet ; married, in 1784, Margaret, daughter of Col. Dugald
Campbell, by Christiana, daughter of the late Alexander Drummond, Esq.,
Consul at Aleppo, son of John Drummond of Newton, and sister of Gen.
Duncan Campbell of Lochness, in the County of Argyle, by whom he had
issue two sons and Jive daughters. He died July 19, 1796; his wife died
Oct. 31, 1836. Succeeded by his eldest son.

Lieut. George-James Riddell 31 (4), third son of James 30 (4), was
styled "of London Stubbs," in the County of Norfolk. He was a most
accomplished youth, and an officer of great promise in the second troop of
Horse Grenadier Guards. He fell in a duel, April 23, 1783 ; the circum-
stances, copied from the Gentleman's Magazine, are as follows : " A duel
was fought between Mr. George Riddell of the Horse Grenadiers, and Mr.
Cunningham of the Scots Greys. Both of these gentlemen belonged for-
merly to the Scots Greys, and had differed at play. Mr. Riddell had chal-
lenged Mr. Cunningham, which challenge was declined; but many of tin'
gentlemen reviving at intervals that circumstance, Mr. Cunningham found
it necessary for the full restoration of his honor, that he should call upon
Mr. Riddell. This appeal Mr. Riddell considering out of season, declined
attending to, till he had consulted his fellow-officers, who agreed there
was no obligation on him to answer Mr. Cunningham. This being their
determination, Mr. Cunningham resolved upon forcing him to the point,
and meeting him accidentally at Mr. Christie's, their agent, spit in his face.
Mr. Riddell, observing that this was a fresh insult, he should take notice
of it, and took his departure. He then immediately proceeded to make a
few arrangements in his affairs; but before he had completed them, he
received a billet from Mr. Cunningham, reminding him of the affront he
had passed upon him, and declaring his readiness to give him satisfaction.
This note coming while the wafer was yet wet to the hands of Sir James



THE N : '^F 1

PUBLIC Lit f J



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JRIDDELLS OF NOBMAXDT AND ABDNAMUBCHAN. 61

Riddell, who was under some apprehenson of his son's situation, opened
it, and having read it, closed it without taking any notice of its contents
more than providing in consequence of it, the assistance of several surgeons
of the first ability. The meeting was fixed, they were both punctual, Mr.
Riddell attended by Captain Topham, of the Horse Grenadiers, and Mr.
Cunningham by Captain Cunningham, of the Sixty-ninth Regiment of Foot.
Eight paces were first measured by the seconds, and then the contending
parties took their ground. They tossed up for the first fire, and Mr.
Riddell won. He then fired, and shot Mr. Cunningham under the
right breast, the ball passing as is supposed through the ribs, and lodging
on the left side near the back. The moment Cunningham received the
shot, he reeled, but did not fall ; he opened his waistcoat and declared he
was mortally wounded. Mr. Riddell still remained on his ground, when
Mi-. Cunningham, after a pause of two minutes, declared he would not be
taken off the field, till he had fired at his adversary ; he then presented
his pistol, and shot Mr. Riddell in the groin, when he immediately fell and
was carried in a coach to Mr. Topham's, where he lingered until seven
o'clock on Thursday morning, and then expired." After four hours' sit-
ting, the coroner's jury brought in a verdict of manslaughter.

THIRTY-SECOND GENERATION.

Sir James-Milles Riddell 32 (5), eldest son of Thomas 31 (5), succeeded
his grandfather. He was Justice of the Peace, and Doctor of Law for the
County of Argyle. He married Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Brooke,
Bart., of Newton Priory, County of Chester, and had issue, of whom
hereafter. Sir James died at Strontian,* in 1861, and was succeeded by his
son, of whom more hereafter.

Campbell-Drumiiioiid Riddell 32 (1), second son of Thomas 31 (5), was
born Jan. 9, 1796; married in Ceylon, in April, 1830, Caroline-Stuart,
daughter of the Hon. John-Rodney Stuart, by his wife, Lady Louisa
Stafford, and had issue, of whom hereafter. He was Colonial Secretary
of New South Wales. Died in Feb. 1859, aged 62 years.

Christiaiia-Drummoiid Riddell 32 (1), eldest daughter of Thomas 31 (5),
of whom no particulars.

Marj -Milles-Geva Riddell 82 (1), second daughter of Thomas 31 (5), of
whom no particulars.

Sarall-Blirdeil Riddell 32 (1), third daughter of Thomas 31 (5), was mar-
ried in 1835, to Maj. J. C. Young, of the Seventy-ninth Regiment.

* Stroxtian. — The residence of Sir James-Milles Riddell, Baronet of Ardnamur-
chan, is surrounded by dressed and planted groves. The neat slated cottages of
the village, substantialy built of granite, and sometimes adorned Avith parasitic
plants, contrast strongly with some turf huts, with which they are intermingled,
and indicate the neighborhood of a resident proprietor. These cottages were
erected for the use of the miners employed in the celebrated Strontian Mines, and
the huts previously in existence were purged from their offensiveness, and dressed
into comparative beauty; a complete moral change was introduced into the village
by Sir James Riddell and his lady ; they insisted on'cleauliness in and out of doors,
and as the hand readily obeys the will, the girls soon caught the spirit of the lesson,
and were not only neat and tidy themselves, but carried the same principle into
their fathers' homes. About the date of the Revolution, the manufacture of straw
plait was introduced by the proprietor, as means of useful employment for the
females, and the improvement of the condition of the whole population. There
are considerable lead mines on the estate, but I believe they are not worked at pres-
ent. Strontian is 25 miles in length, by 10 miles in width, and comprises 40,099
acres, inhabited mostly by shepherds, miners, crofters, and farm hands.



62 UIDDELLS OF ENFIELD. ENGLAND.

Eleanor-Frazer Riddell 82 (1), fourth daughter of Thomas 31 (5), of
whom no particulars.

Margaret Riddell 3 " (1), fifth daughter of Thomas 31 (5), of whom no
particulars.

THIRTY-THIRD GENERATION.

Sir Thomas-Milles Riddell 33 ((>), eldest son of James 32 (5), was born
Dec. 25, 1822; succeeded his father as third Baronet, in 1861, and is
Justice of the Peace, Magistrate, and Doctor of Law for the Counties of
Argyle and Inverness; was formerly lieutenant of King's Dragon Guards,
and captain of the Perth Militia. He married in 1851, Mary-Anna,
daughter of John Hodgson, Esq., of St. Petersburgh. No issue. He has
been in Parliament. His heir presumptive, his cousin, of whom hereafter.
He is a gentleman of fine personal appearance. See portrait in this book.
Residence, Strontian, Argyleshire, Scotland. He died in 1883.

Richard-Brooke Riddell 33 (3), second son of James 32 (5), was born



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the ancient Ryedales, and their descendants in Normandy, Great Britain, Ireland, and America, from 860 to 1884 → online text (page 9 of 103)