G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on online

. (page 5 of 109)
Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 5 of 109)
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cheeked, robust and merry-hearted, attending to their daily culinary duties.
Here stands the high-posted wooden pump, and stone seats covered with
shining dairy tins. If the visitor should enter the farmer's house he will
find the same arrangements, practically, that meets his gaze in the standard
Scottish farmer's dwelling. In the kitchen the peat hre will be burning in
the open grate, with the iron oven at one side. A long shelf above the
dresser and the doors extending the entire length of the room will be decked
out with divers sizes of polished metal tea urns, and a variety of large, fig-
ured bowls. The two principal rooms below stairs are still called the
"Butt" and "Ben." In the ben-end he will find some plain, substantial fur-
niture, the round table well supplied with books, a few pictures will adorn
the walls, some ornaments will be displayed on mantle and brackets, and
dimity curtains will be draped at the winflows. Everything will be a re-
minder of thrift, frugality, simplicity and comfort.


The domestic scene at evening-time will be typical of the "Cotters Sat-
urday Night" as described by Robert Burns. The Ulsterman has come
home from his fields, or the flocks on the hills, and reads his paper at the
fireside, his shepherd dog lying at his feet. The venerable grandmother,
seated upon the high-back resting-chair, her stooping shoulders caped, and
her head enveloped in a frilled white mutch, (cap) gazes demurely upon the
glowing embers within the grate. The gude wife and her contingent of
robust daughters and maids are busy with "mickle-wheel" and reels dres-
sing the lint, while they jest and laugh and sing Scotch songs. The closing
evening scenes will be the reading of a Psalm, and family devotions ; then
the "guide nichts," and all are away to bed.

"Compared with this, how poor Religious pride,

In all the pomp of method and of art,
When men display to congregations wide,

Devotion's ev'ry grace, except the heart."

The Millikens and Milligans now living in Ireland are principally thrifty
farmers ; some, however, having removed into the cities and large towns,
have become merchants and craftsmen. They are all Protestants, and in
spirit, faith, and character are worthy representatives of their Covenanting
ancestors who suffered for the truth among Scotland's moors and mountains.
They are a conservative. God-fearing, church-going people ; they appreciate
the advantages of education and in a quiet, unostentatious way are iden-
tified with all the local movements calculated to enlighten and morally im-
prove the condition of the population.

The observing traveler will mark the close resemblance between the
people he meets and those living in the Border shires of Scotland. They
may be more rawboned, more brawny and of greater stature, but in com-
plexion, features, and mental character they will be the same. If he engages
these Ulstermen in conversation he will hear the same broad dialect spoken
in the "Land of Burns." Here the same martyr faith prevails; here will
be found the same services in the sanctuary ; the same old gospel and the
same psalms and hymns.

The traditions relating to a common ancestry have been told at a hun-
dred firesides on both sides of the sea. Aged men who were born in the
Border shires of Scotland have related them to their grandchildren at the
"ingle-newk" of many a home on the Ulster hillsides ; venerable sires who
heard the stories from the lips of grandparents in Ireland, repeated them to
their grandchildren in the pioneer cabins of Pennsylvania and Ohio, in
Maryland and the Carolinas ; while they, in turn, passed them down to
their posterity.

Old men now living in Antrim and Londonderry, have informed the au-
thor of visits made by relatives bearing the Milliken name from distant
parts of Ireland to the homes of their grandparents when they were chil-
dren ; and they have a distinct recollection of the stories to which they
listened when sitting around the peat fires, concerning the sufferings of
their Scottish forefathers on the moors and mountains with Cameron, and
how they fought at Drumclog and Bothwell Bridge, at the Boyne, Ennis-
killin, and Londonderry. Ironi the Ijps of two j^ersons a t^aidition can be


transmitted through seven generations over a period of two hundred years.
'I'o ilhistrate :

1. RoHiiRT Mn.i,iK.EN, a shephcrd-farnier in the shire of Galloway, Scotland,
was a zealous Covenanter who escaped with his family to Ireland, in the
year 1680. He was born in 1650, and died in Londonderry in the year
1 740, aged 90.

2. Jamks Milliken, son of the preceding, born in the year 1670, was ten
years of age when he went with his parents to Ulster, Ireland, in 1680, and
lived contemporary with his father 70 years, dying in 1750, aged So.

3. Roi'.KRT Milliken, son of the preceding, born in Londonderry, Ireland,
in 1695, lived contemporary with his father 54 years, and with his grand-
father 45 years, dying in 1791, aged 96 years.

4. William Milliken, son of the preceding, born in Londonderry, Ireland,
in the year 1720, died in 1794, aged 74. He lived contemporary with his
father 71 years, and with his grandfather 30 years.

5. RoiiERT Milliken, son of the preceding, born in Londonderry, Ireland,
in the year 1750, died in 1S30, aged 80. He lived contemporary with his
grandfather 41 vears, with his father 44 years.

6. Samuel Milliken, son of the preceding, born in Colerain, Ireland, i8io,
was living in 1895 in full possession of his mental faculties, and related
what his father had received from the lips of his grandfather relating to the
experiences of his grandfather who was the exiled Covenanter hrst in IHster.

This is an exceptional case of longevity in the lineal descent of a family,
but the Millikens are in the habit of living a century without complaining.*

Samuel Milliken, hale and hearty at the age of 85, had a concise recol-
lection of his father's description of his grandfather, the third Robert Mil-
liken. He said : "My grandfather lived with my father when an aged man
and was a person of peculiar and unalterable habits. He was small of stat-
ure, a weaver of the hand-loom by occupation, and very stooping. He wore
always, indoors and out-of-doors, a blue, knitted Killmamock bonnet. His
hair, heavy and snow-white, fell in curling masses about his neck ; his
diet in old age consisted of potatoes, which he insisted upon roasting in the
embers, and oatmeal porridge. When not employed at his loom he spent
much of his time in reading the lives of the Covenanters, and was never
weary of his description of his grandfather and the recitations to which he
had listened in his boyhood from his lips relating to his adventures on the
moors and mountains of Galloway when hunted by Claverhouse. Two of
his brothers were at Rothwell Bridge and amongst the prisoners in the
Greyfriers churchyard. His father, when an aged man, had made a long
journey on foot to sign a copy of the Covenant, and died soon afterwards
from the fatigue of his exertion. He, himself, had escaped to Ireland by a
small boat in the night-time, and had returned to Scotland but once to visit
his kindred in Galloway. He (the first Robert) was at the battle of the
Boyne and suffered at the siege of Londonderry. He was well known and
held in high esteem, and when he died the local militia turned out and gave
him a soldier's burial. His body was carried to his grave on 'chairpoles'
by his four sons.

*The author has record of four Centenarians in the family.


I also have a vivid recollection of my venerable grandmother as she sat
on the resting-chair beside the peat fire spinning the lint (flax) and croon-
ing some old tune. She was of robust figure and florid face, but she wore a
great Scotch mutch (cap) that almost hid her features. She was a woman
of deep and unostentatious piety. She would always sit demurely with her
hand shading her eyes when my father opened the Bible to read for the even-
ing worship, and in a subdued voice repeated the Lord's Prayer while the
family joined in their devotions. She died full of years, sincerely lamented
by many."

American Families. The earliest families of this name known to have
settled in the American Colonies came to Maryland in the train of Lord
Baltimore. Patrick Mullikin and James Mullikin, probably brothers, were
in the Province as early as 1650, and took up land in Dorchester county
alongside of each other. They also had grants of land in Calvert county,
but finally sat down on plantations in Anna Arundel and Talbot counties
where their descendents have since resided. It has not been ascertained
whether these Mullikins came from Scotland or the Province of Ulster in
the North of Ireland. A family tradition, however, makes them come from
the northern shires of Scotland bringing their servants and household gear
with them. Their land grants from Lord Baltimore were extensive and
increased rapidly in value as the country was settled. Broad plantations
were laid out, many slaves purchased and enormous crops produced. In
process of time stately and capacious mansions were erected which were
occupied by large families for several generations. They were well allied
with many of the most respectable and aristocratic families in Maryland,
and their income enabled them to live in comfort and the enjoyment of
such luxuries as were obtainable by families of wealth at that period. For
full particulars see the genealogy in the body of this book.

The next families in order of time to appear in the colonies came from
Scotland to Boston as early as 1680. These certainly held a good social
position among their contemporaries and their names in the early records
of the town are found in good company. They were communicants, or at-
tendants, at the Brattle street church, which was the sanctuary where such
distinguished citizens as Paul Revere worshipped. They were members of
the Scott's Charitable Society and of the St. Andrews Lodge of Free Ma-
sons to which Paul Revere belonged. Thomas Milliken was treasurer of
this lodge and, as did others of the family, served on important committees.
These fraternal bodies were composed largely, as their titles implies, of
Scotchmen and persons of Scotch descent, and their membership were highly
respectable, intelligent, and well allied by marriage. These Millikens held
the tradition of a superior ancestry and endeavored to transmit to their pos-
terity, by precept and example, unimpaired, the prestige of their fathers.
Those who removed to Dunstan were men of intelligence and probity ; they
were law-abiding, patriotic and religious, and held important official posi-
tions, civil and judicial. Edward Milliken was a magistrate of high stand-
ing and was widely known as "Justice Milliken." Deacon Nathaniel, his
brother, was long the honored official of the first Orthodox church of Scar-
borough. The brother Samuel was an earnest patriot, was at the siege of
Louisburg under Pepperill, and died while singing a hymn of praise to God.


A majority of the Millikens, Milligans, and Mullikins have been serious,
sedate, grave, considerate and conservative. 'I'hey were moderate, cautious
and deliberate, making no haste to form an opinion or ch)se a bargain, l)ut
everlastingly determined and uncompromising when their "minds were
made up." From their Coventing forefathers they have been morally and
religiously inclined, and wherever they established homes were ardent sup
porters of the church. As Protestants they fought from principle in Ireland
and to enjoy the privilege of untrammelled worship they escaped from their
oppressors to the American Colonies where great care was bestowed upon
the moral and religious education of their children ; and to these inestimable
influences must be attributed the almost universal excellence of character
maintained by persons who bear the family name. In England, Scotland,
and Ireland, not less than twenty clergymen have been produced by the
branches of this family, and rising Hfty in the American branches. As de-
scendents of martyr heroes they have possessed the martyr's faith and zeal,
and gave eminent and devoted service to the cause they represented. .As
preachers they were bold advocates of righteousness, and fearlessly opposed
what was wrong.

Military Record. Since the days of their chivalrous Saxon-Norman
ancestors and the Scottish and Scotch-Irish forefathers, the loyalty, patri-
otism and courage of the members of this family have been unquestioned.
They fought with William the Conquerer at the battle of Hastings, and with
Richard Cameron at Airdmoss ; they were in the army at the P>oyne and
Enneskillen ; suffered at the siege of Londonderry, Ireland, and bore arms
in every war since the settlement of the American Colonies. The Pension
Records at Washington show the names of twelve rrten from this family who
served during the Revolution, and six of them were of the family in Scar-
borough, Maine. Many others were engaged in the struggle for American
Independence who did not survive to apply for a pension. The names of
sixteen others stand on the Pension List who fought in the war of 1S12,
and some received wounds in battle from which they suffered the remainder
of their lives. During the war with Mexico, several Millikens served under
Gen. Winfield Scott. This family was represented by more men in the
Union and Confederate armies during the Civil war than any other in the
country, more than orie hundred soldiers bearing the name, having borne
arms in that fratricidal struggle.

The stream of Millingas blood, taking its rise in a Saxon fountainhead
more than a thousand years ago, has flowed downward by the physical law
of gravity through forty generations and has lost none of its momentum or
fertility; and its rich, red, rushing current, circulating in their veins has
imparted to the family the coolness and solidity of the Saxon ; the maritime
spirit and adventure of the Scandinavian ; the imagination and sense of en-
joyment of the Norman ; the emotion and poetic feeling of the Celt ; the
moderation and conservatism of the Englishman ; the seriousness and re-
flection of the Scotchman ; the haughty independence of the lUsterman,
and the energy and enterprise of the typical American. This vital current
has furnished to numerous families collaterally connected tributaries that
have invested them with marked temperamental traits of character. With
but few exceptions the members of this family have stood upon the right


side of all important national and moral questions, and were never afraid
to identify themselves with any movement that involved the public welfare.
They were loyal advocates of Christianity and education, and liberal sup-
porters of the church and public schools. They did not stand in the way
of the evolutionary wheels of progress, but always put the trig on the right
side. ]}eing diligent readers and profound thinkers, the rank and file of
the family were well informed and equipped for filling their stations as citi-
zens of our grand Republic. When once enlisted in any reform movement,
whether of a civil, moral, temperance, or religious character, they devoted
themselves to its progress with determined and unfaltering loyalty until
they achieved success or died in the conflict.









(Tlji; ^klgfv Jfiuniln at gunstan


In writing a history of the nunicrous family in Maine known us "The Scarboroiigli
Millikens," there are good reasons for comprising in an introductory chapter an account
of the Alger families at Dunstan from whom they are descended maternally, and from
whom they inherit their estates; indeed the relationship was such that the early history
of the two families is intlivisible.

The earliest known mention of the Algers in New Kngland is the sig-
nature of Thomas Alger to the delivery of the Trelawney grant to John
Winter of Richmond's Island, July 21, 1632. The name of Andrew Alger
appears as a witness to a signature at the same place Aug. 26, 1635. Arthur
Alger, a brother of Andrew, was there at the same time, and by the records
of John Winter it appears that Tristram Alger was at Richmond's Island
early; for in his (Winter's) letter to Robert Trelawney of date July 10,
1637, he says: "Tristram Alger would pray you to pay unto his wife the
money that is due unto him at this time. He is a quiet man." We know
that this member of the Alger family was from Newton Ferrers, county oi
Devon, England, and he seems to have returned to his home.

In a deposition found in the records of York county, Maine, there is
reference to the fact that Arthur and Andrew Alger came from a village in
Kngland named Dunstan. In 1638, Andrew and Arthur Alger were living
on Stratton's Island, and employed a number of fishermen.

On the early records appear the names of two, possibly three, persons who
were probably related to the brothers, Arthur and Andrew Alger. They
were Tristram Alger who settled in Scarborough between 1640 and 1650;
Arthur Alger Jr., one of the inhabitants of Scarborough who acknowledged
allegiance to Massachusetts in 1658; and Andrew Alger who lived at Cape
Porpoise in 1674, and in 1690 removed with his wife to Newbury, Mass., and
was reputed ancestor of the family of this name in Connecticut.

Andrew Alger was living in Saco as early as 1640, and was styled "Sur-
veyor." In 1 641, he and his brother Arthur purchased of the Indians a
tract of land w^ithin the limits of the town of Scarborough containing one
thousand acres, and terms of this transaction are found in the following
declaration :

"19th of September, 1659, The declaration of Jane the Indian of Scar-
borough concerning lands. This aforesayd Jane, alias Uphannum, doth
declare that her mother, namely Nagasqua the wife of Wackwaarawaskee,
Sagamore, and her brother namely Ugagoguskitt, and herself, namely LTp-
hannum, coequally hath sould unto Andrew Alger, and to his brother Arthur
Alger, a Tract of Land beginning att the mouth of ye River called blew
Poynt River, where the River doth part, and so bounded up along with the
River called Owasseoage in Indian, and soe up three scoore poole above
the falls, on the one side ; and on the other side bounded up along with the
norther-most River that Dreaneth by the great hill Abram Jocelyn's and
goeth northward, bounding from the head of ye River South West, and soe
to the aforesyd bounds, namely three score poole above the Falls. This


aforesaid Uphaimuin doth declare that her mother and brother and she hath
already in her hand received full satisfaction of the aforesayd Algers for
the aforesyd Lands from the beginning of the world to this day, provided
on condition that for tyme to come from yeare to yeare yearly the aforesaid
Algers shall peacably suffer Uphannum to plant in Andrew Alger's field seo
long as Uphan : and her mother Nagasqua doe both live, and alsoe one
bushel of corn for acknowledgment every year soe long as they both shall
live. Uphan : doth declare that ye bargan was made in the year 1651 into
which Shee doth subscribe the mark Uphannum X."

In 1674, the "Indian Jane" made a second acknowledgment of this sale
which is recorded as follows :

"Note yt this sayle of ye Land Recorded in pa: 114: within expressed,
sould to Andrew Alger by those Indians, who sould to ye sd Algers them
yr heyers, executors, administrators and assigns forever, as is owned by
Uphan: alias Jane, this 27 : of May 1674: in presence of William Phillips.

Seth Fletcher."

The brothers Andrew and Arthur had built them cabins and with their
families were settled on their lands. They had faithfully complied with the
terms of their agreement and with their married children settled around
them had lived in peace with their Indian neighbors. On the salt marshes
they could cut hay for their cattle in winter and found abundant pasturage
for them in summer. They had a house at the " Neck " which was their
rendezvous during the fishing season and the denizens of the deep furnished
delicious food for their tables. The fish oil supplied their lamps and to-
gether with the products of their cultivated lands, the dairy, the abundance
of wild game and a variety of wild berries that grew on the new soil, sup-
plied their temporal needs.

But notwithstanding the acknowledgment by the Indians that they had
received full satisfaction of the Algers for the land sold "from the beginning
of the world ;" although the Algiers had permitted Uphannum to plant in
Andrew's field for more than twenty years and the " bushel of corn " had
been bestowed annually to cement the bonds of friendship, yet the Algers
saw that an Indian war with all its horrors was about to burst upon the

Early in the autumn of 1675 they were warned to assemble at Sheldon's
Garrison at Black Point. They were guarded by soldiers who assisted in
removing their goods. Again on Oct. 12, 1675, Andrew and Arthur, ac-
companied by relatives, went back to their cabin to remove some of their
property that remained, and were attacked by Indians. We may never
know the particulars concerning the experiences of that fatal day, but there
are some rays of light thrown upon the scene by the depositions found. It
was the family tradition that the Algers were shot when exposed on their
return to the Garrison. Southgate, in his history of Scarborough says :
" They were in their cabins at the time of the attack." Peter Witham (aged
72) in his deposition said: "About 52 or 3 years ago, then being in my
country's service under Capt. John Wincol, and being posted with other sol-
diers at Blue Point, at Mr. Poxwells Garrison, I went up to Dunstan to guard
Andrew and .Vrthur Alger, and we assisted them to carry olT their grain.
Some days after which the said Andrew and Arthur, with some of their re-


lation, went from Shclton's Garrison to Dunstan tobrinK oil >()ine of their j^uods,
and were beset by tlie Indians and said Andrew was killed and said Arthur was
mortally wounded."

Joanna Puncheon in her dei)osition, said: "One Robert Nichols who lived
on their land (Algers) was killed with his wife in the be.ninnin"^ of the Indian war
in wheal harvest, and some weeks after, Andrew and Arthur Alger were killed
in Indian han'csl."

iVndrew Alger was shot dead and his brother Arthur was mortally wounded.
The latter was conveyed to Marblehead, Mass., and died at the hou.sc of W illiam
Sheldon there on the 14th of the same month. Robert I-Jiiott in his deposition
"witnesseth that about ye 14th day of Oct. 1675, Arthur Alger at William Shel-
don's house in perfect sense and memory desired me and the rest standing by
to take notice yt he did give all his goods moveable and immoveable to his wife
Ann." Christopher Pickett, aged 60, and John Cooke, testified to the word of
Robert Elliott. Then follows ''An Inventory of the estate of Arthur Alger of
Black Point wounded by the Indians and dying of his wounds Oct. 14, 1675, at
Marblehead." This Inventory was made by Giles Barry and Ralph Allison of
Black Point, Jan. 4, 1676. The amount was ;^io8, 3, 6.

Arthur Alger was constable of Scarborough in 1658, and grand -juryman in 1661 ;
and in 1671 and 1672, a representative to the General Court at Boston. His
wife was Ann Roberts, a daughter of Giles Roberts, a very early inhabitant
of Scarborough, who survived him. He was childless and brought up three
sons of Giles Roberts Jr., his brother-in-law, and in his will left them ;^5, 10,
apiece. In an extract from the Book of Eastern Claims, we find as follows:
" Ann Walker, formerly relict of Arthur Alger, claims a tract of land which was
conveyed by his last will and testament dated 1675, to his wife Ann Alger."
Her second husband was Samuel Walker of Boston.

Andrew Alger settled on his lands at Dunstan, removing from Saco, in 1654.
He was constable and selectman, and in 1668 was commissioned lieutenant.
He made his will in Scarborough, Mar. 23, 1669, in which he was styled "Fish-
erman." Mentions wife Agnes as executrix; sons John, Andrew, and Mat-
thew, and daughters Elizabeth, and Joanna. Appointed his brother Arthur
Alger and friend Andrew Brown, overseers. The witnesses were Seth Fletcher
and Rpger Hill. Will allowed June 30, 1676. Inventory amounted to ;^78.
16, 10. There were not less than six children, named as follows:

I. John Alger (1), son of Andrew (1), m. Mary Wilmot, daughter of Nicholas

Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 5 of 109)