G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on online

. (page 70 of 109)
Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 70 of 109)
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surname is Durall or Denrall.



POSTEK/TV OF JAMES Mi'LLIKIX. .-,17

old age, and brought up a large family. For names of children and grand-
children see " Mullikins of South Carolina."

3. Thomas MuUikin' ( 1 ), son of James- ( 1 ), h. alter 172J, was under 18
years of age when his father's will was made in 1 7)0. ihis lad, like two of
his brothers, was to be supported and educateil In' his mother until he had
attaineii the age of 18 years; then he was to have the benefit of his own
labors. Wi him his father bequeathed a negro boy and, jointly with his
brothers and sisters, the balance of his property. This was the first Thomas
Mullikin of whom 1 linil any record, but he was not identical with that
'I'honuis who made his will in Anne Arundel county in 1745; who must
have been b. as early as 1708 or 1710. No record of a family found, but
this is no proof that he did not have one.

4. James Mullikin' (3), son of James- (1), may have been his father's
eldest son, as he was not mentioned as a minor in 1740. He was given a
negro named "Pompey," and made joint heir with his brothers and sisters
to his father's estate. I have no more information concerning this fames
>rullikin.

5. Elizabeth Mullikin'' (1), daughter of James'- (2), was the wife of a Mr.
Du^'M.i., and had a son as early as 1740 who was a beneficiary of his
grandfather's will. Her father gave her a negro named " Hannah, " and to
her son, Hannah's first child, prenatal, when b. Probably some of the
Maryland l)uj"alls are her descendents.

6. Mary Mullikin' (1), daughter of James- (2) was m. to a Mr. Howard
before 1740. To her, in his will, he gave 20 pounds in money. She was
probably the ancestress of some of the numerous and respectable Howards
of Maryland.



Thomas Mullikin of Anne Arundel Co., Md., made his will in 1745. His
wife's name was Elizabeth. To her he gave his dwelling and plantation
during her widowhood ; then to his son Williafu to whom he also gave a
negro man named " Tone, " on condition that the widow have his labor dur-
ing her life. He gave to his son 27iomas two negro boys named " Sharper "
and " Black Wall." Provides that this son Thomas shall have the benefit of
his labors when he arrives at the age of eighteen years. He gave to his
daughter Charity, a negro girl named " Hannah " on condition that she
should serve his widow during her widowhood. The names of his children,
as mentioned in his w^ill, were : JVi/liiun, Thoinas, Charity, Eleanor,
Elizabeth, Rachel, (Goodman) and Mary (Harper). It will be seen that
this Thomas Mullikin was not identical with Thomas of Revolutionary fame.
as he was living many years subsequent to the death of this Thomas. And
the names of his children do not correspond.



Thomas Mullikin, probably a son of James"^ (2), was born as early as 1740.
He married ELiZAiiKiH EIllkx Williams about 1762. She had several
brothers in the Revolutionary Army. Family tradition makes this Thomas
and his brother Jeremiah their father's heirs to the plantation at the
"Forks of the Patuxent," and he was evidently the son of the second
James and his wife Charity, beforementioned. An old plan of the Patuxent



r



518 POSTERITY OF JAMES MULLIKIN.

estate " Platted by Brice Howard, 6th Oct., 1786, by a scale of 50 equal
parts in an inch," shows the division line between Jeremiah Mullikin and
Thomas Mullikin. A note on this plan reads thus : " Courses for the 338
acres beginning at a stone planted by Benjamin Mullikin near the road, it
being the beginning of the dividing line between them " (Jeremiah and
Thomas). Then follows the course of the survey. This land is denomi-
nated : " A Morety of Merritons Fancy," and " Simpson's Choice." That
part assigned to Thomas Mullikin contained 3383^ acres; that assigned to
Jeremiah Mullikin contained 337^ acres.

Another plan, surveyed and platted by Richard Beard 20th Feb., 1684-5,
shows the boundaries and number of acres in the original lands known as
" Merritons Fancy," and "Simpson's Choice." This survey was made for
John Merriton and John Simpson. The plan, or "platt," as it was called,
beautifully drawn with pen and ink, shows the course of the Patuxent river
and contains the figures of twelve trees at as many corners, named " Gum-
tree," " Hickory," or "Red oak "as the case might require. "Merritons
Fancy" contained 500 acres, and "Simpson's Choice" 615 acres. A part
of this grant was owned by Colonel Greenbury. Accompanying this old
plan of the two tracts of land is a document showing the courses of the
boundaries.

Thomas Mullikin owned more that 50 slaves at one time. He had a
large and elegantly constructed carriage, in form like a Swafi, drawn by a
pair of handsome, spirited horses which was of capacity suitable for two
persons besides the coachman, and footman who stood behind. On this
vehicle was carved the coat-of-arms of the family and under it a large or-
namental letter "M for Mullikin. Thomas Mullikin was a very strict dis-
ciplinarian in his family and with his servants. He never allowed any pro-
fane language used on his plantation, and insisted on his family being
represented at church every Sabbath. He was, however, a very indulgent
father and kept open house for his children's company. But he had a
quick temper and if some of his boys were in a dispute and saw him ap-
proaching they instantly disappeared. He was a dignified, proud-spirited
gentleman of the old southern aristocratic school, and held fast to the
tradition of a superior ancestry.

It was a custom of Thomas Mullikin to sit with his wife, of whom he
was very fond, to a cup of tea at four o'clock every afternoon. When they
had sufficed, a meal was prepared for the children, at which it was the duty
of the eldest daughters to preside, and see that each was provided for. The
girls disliked to serve in this capacity and on one occasion Cave, — who was
named for her father's favorite physician, — and her sister C/iarity, were in
a dispute as to whose turn it was to serve. At that moment their father
appeared on the scene, and at the sight of his displeased countenance they
beat a hasty retreat. Cave was so chagrined at having made such an un-
dignified exit, that she determined to turn the tables on her father. First,
she secreted herself under the doorsteps ; then, after having found out that
the whole family were searching for her, she slipped up to bed and feigned
a severe headache as a result of the fright her father gave her. As soon,
however, as he had exhibited suitable repentence, she recovered. A few
days after this incident the elder daughters were in the parlor with
some young gentlemen who had called, and at the same time the younger



POSTERITY UF JAMES MULUKJN. f)ll»



girls were playing at "visiting." All unexpected, one of them entered the
room in trailing garments and said : '* ilow are you all ? I hear our sister
("ave is ill from fear that her father would cane her." At this exjjosure
Cave, with much embarrassment, confessed the deception she had practiced

At one time Thomas Mullikin was riding over his plantation accom-
panied by a favorite negro, ami was overtaken by nightfall. They heard a
sound in the shrubbery as of distress, and going to investigate, a panther
sprang upon them. The frightened slave instantly turned and (led, while
his master followed as fast as his Heet-horse could carry him. When the
fanilK heard the frenzied negro screaming as he approached the house,
thev ran out with lights to learn the cause ; these frightened the panther
that had pursued them and they reached shelter unharmed. The remark-
able thing about this adventure was that the negro outran the horse and
reached home before his master. Fancy the race for life !

Numbered among the slaves on the Mullikin plantation at the Forks of
the I'atuxent, were the son and daughter of an African chief, stolen on the
coast and brought to Maryland by the slave-traders. It was the duty of
this negro boy to care for the flaxen-haired baby, Thomas Mullikin Jr., and
while doing so he would often run his dusky fingers through the yellow-
curls and shout to his sister, "Look Dinah," and then would throw himself
backward and shake with convulsive laughter.

'Thomas Mullikin raised extensive fields of tobacco, much of which was
cured on the plantation and shipped to England to be exchanged for such
goods and wares as were needed in the family. He also raised wool and
flax and this was hand-dressed and manufactured at the Mullikin home.
The voung ladies were all taught to sew and knit and found much pleasure
in making c|uilts and samplers.

The children of Thomas attended the same school and their teacher was
boarded in the same family. At one time an educated Irishman who had
found his wav into the colonv was their instructor, and being verv fond of
a cup of tea in the afternoon, he would go snuffing around and in his
inimitable brogue ask if the " ta-kattle " was on. When the children were
at school the slaves carried their dinners out to them ; the tablecloths,
napkins and dishes were spread upon the grass under some tree and all had
a merry time while at their repast.

When old enough to ride, each of the daughters had a horse, and thus
early became expert in the saddle. They were accustomed, when visiting
or going to church, to ride their own palfreys.

In dressing for dinner on some especial occasions, Mrs. Mullikin would
wear a long, graceful white ostrich feather in her hair to make her costume
more attractive. This woman was noted for her beneficence. She would
throw a cloak about her, draw the hood over her head, call a negro boy to
jump up behind her, and ride for miles to visit the sick, rich or poor, and
minister to their needs. In the absence of the doctor she could take his
place and perform his offices successfully. At one time the " quarter fever "
broke out on her husband's plantation and thirty negroes died under the
doctor's hand. Then Elizabeth proposed to her husband that she w'ould
have the barn cleared out, whitewashed, and clean straw beds laid down on
the floor. 'This was done, the stricken negroes were removed to the barn,
and she attended them, assisted by some of the negro women. Every one



520 POSTERITY OF JAMES MULLIKIN.

was saved. The negro houses were then cleaned and whitewashed and the
" fever " disappeared. Mrs. Mary Hart believes that this Thomas Mullikin
married his wife in England, and that she was a Scotch gentlewoman who
brought her serving maid with I er. This highborn lady was always spoken
of as proud, haughty and imperious, and she could never fully adjust herself
to the primitive conditions of the country at the time of her settlement in
Maryland. Her .. '^"i^l\ was married in Prince George county, and a
daughter became the wife of Jeremiah Mullikin from whom the Wood-
wards and Belt Mullikin were descended. Mrs. Thomas Mullikin could
never forgive her son for this alliance with the daughter of her lid, but the
descendents of this woman are among the most intellectual and respect-
able members of the Mullikin family.

This Thomas Mullikin showed his enterprise by the introduction into
Maryland of a team of large, handsome horses, wearing bells, and a great
covered wagon. This was widely known as the " Bell Team, " and was at
that time, an inovation. Mrs. Mary Hart, a woman well informed in the
history of this Mullikin family, is quite sure that her grandfather purchased
the horses and wagon in England. For many years this " Bell Team " was
used for the transportation of freight from Pennsylvania and Ohio over the
mountains, passing regularly through Cumberland, Md., and attracting con-
siderable attention by the music of the bells and the enormous capacity of
the canvas-covered wagon. Some soldiers pressed this team into service
during the Revolution to carry arms to Cum_berland, but it was restored to
its owner after some lapse of time.

A-ote. — Many of the slaves on the Patuxent Plantation were pnrchased from cargoes of
Africans brought to this country by the slave dealers. " Guinea negroes " were said to
be the best breed known at that time, and their descendents in point of integrity, intellect
and sterling worth, were celebrated throughout the community. One of these was
deserving of special notice. His name was Moses. He was the son oi Lyle, and grandson
of Guinea parents. This slave was a very bright Mulatto — one authority says his father
was a gentleman in Annapolis — born about the year 1800, and died in 1870. He was left
by his master, Capt. Thomas Mullikin, to his second wife who permitted him to live and
work where he pleased; but as a reward for such liberties required of him $75.00 per
year. He fell in arrears of payment, and a daughter by her first husband, who was
executrix, collected what was due several years after the death of his old mistress. Moses
was a rough carpenter and found plenty of work. He also cultivated small patches of
land. A local preacher of the Methodist church, hfe dispensed the word to the colored
folk in the church-house of the white Methodists on alternate Sabbaths. None of his
numerous children lived to be more than 40 years of age. Pie was much thought of by
the white people, and recognized as their leader by the colored people. His wife outlived
him, dying several years later.

Thomas Mullikin was a military man. Records found in the Maryland
archives show that he held a commission in the militia during the Revo-
lution. June 15, 1776, the Council of Safety orders payment to Mrs. Anne
Johnson for providing subsistence for Capt. Thomas Mullikin's Company of
Militia on the late alarm of the " Otter, " sloop of war. At a meeting of
Capt. Thomas Mullikin's Company of Militia, May 15, 1776, he resigned
his commission, as did Belt Mullikin the 2d lieutenant.

He made his will Oct. 11, 1800. It was probated in 1805, and he
probably died in that year. His widow survived many years, dying about
1825. He bequeathed his dwelling and plantation, being part of land
called "Simpson's Choice, " part called " It is done at last, " and part of



POSTERITY OI- JAMES MCLUKIX. j^I



" Chanevs Purchase, " to his two sons, James aiul lieiijiuniii, lorever.
Children mentioned in his will : /(AWt-y, I'/ionurs, /u/ijiiwin, Basil, liiinicli,
Osboni^ Elli'iiilcr, C/mrify, Cave, Mary, Klizabcth, and Sarah. Twin daugh-
ters tlied in infancy — in all, fourteen.

.touith ('')cncr;ition.

CHILDREN OF THOMAS AND ELIZABETH E. WILLIAMS.

\/ I. James MuUlkin^ (4), eldest son of Thomas' (1), was the joint-heir with
IJenjamin to the homestead plantation at the "Forks of I'atuxent." This
was held in common until i8ii, when the lands were parted by a new sur-
vey and "platted" by James H. Marriott. The section assigned to James
embraced the lands denominated " It is done at last, " and " Chaneys Tur-
_ chase, " and contained i88i^ acres. He deeded 126^^ acres of land to
Samuel Snowden, (let. 18, 1811, and 62 acres to Benjamin Mullikin, his
brother, same date. The partition deed, now before the compiler of this
volume, has the signature of his wife who was maiden-named Aw Di'vai.l.
This was his second wife. He married for first wife a Miss PK'rrv. Some
records at Annapolis show that this James Mullikin was a commissioned
officer in the Maryland militia. In November, 1775, James was voted for
as a field officer in the Patuxent Battalion. June 18, 1776, Richard Ben-
nett Hall, captain of a company of 25th battalion, Maryland militia, com-
plains that James Mullikin, ist lieutenant of his company, had tried to in-
jure him by misrepresentation and abusive language, and requests a court
martial at Annapolis. Order passed by Council of Safety, July 6, 1776, for
a general court martial to be held at the trial of Capt. Hall, Lieut. .Mulli-
kin and others. On Jan. 27, 1777, Robert Tyler informs Council of Safety
that Capt. Hall of his battalion refuses to obey orders, and advises them to
make ist Lieut. James Mullikin captain. July 4, 1777, a commission was
issued by the Council of Safety to James Mullikin as 2d lieut. in Capt. John
Mitchell's company, 14th battalion militia of Caroline county. May ist,
1778, commissioB issued to James Mullikin as captain in upper battalion of
militia, Prince George county. June 15, 1778, Council orders payment to
Capt. James Mullikin of ;^9,6,8d due to him and part of his company. Coun-
cil appoints James Mullikin, justice of the peace for Prince George county,
Xov. 20, 1778 ; his commission is.sued Jan. 26, 1779. Feb. 23, 1779, C\)uncil
notifies James Mullikin of Prince George county of complaint by J. Drane
and others against him, and their request for his removal. Wednesday,
March 10, appeared for a hearing and witnesses summoned. Date changed
to March 29th. April ist, 1779, record of three days in examining witnesses
on case. Recommended that differences be settled and the contestants live
in peace. Memoralists agree to withdraw complaint. So much of the court
martial.

This James Mullikin was born as early as 1767 — possibly before that —
as he was older than his brother Benjamin whose birth was in 1769. Some
years after the partition of the land, and after he had married his second
wife, he sold out and removed to Kentucky. At that time he must have
been fully fifty years of age. He was very poor when he left Maryland.
Several years afterwards he took a drove of horses and mules to his native
state and remained among his relatives until they were sold ; then returned
to Kentuckv and was never afterward heard from bv his familv save by a



v'



522 POSTERITY OF JAMES MULLIKIX.

rumor that he had moved to Ohio. He probably had a family of children
before leaving Maryland. See " Mullikin's of Fleming Co., Ky."

2. Thomas Mullikin^ (4), second son of Thomas'' (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co.,
Md., in 1762 ; m. Elizabeth Smith and resided in his native place until his
death ; afterwards the mother removed with her children to Lancaster Co.,
Pa., where she brought them up. Their names were, Hilary, Henrietta, Sarah,
Mary, T/iojnas, and Richard, and their names will appear in their proper order
hereafter. An extended correspondence has failed to locate the descendents
of this family.

3. Benjamin Mullikin^ (2), fourth son of Thomas'' (1), was b. in Anne
Arundel Co., Md., in 1769 ; m. Sarah Harwood * who d. Oct. 5, 1826. He
received, jointly with James beforementioned, and became an heir to the old
Patuxent plantation. In 181 1, a partition was made and that part assigned
to Benjamin, as shown by the land-platt, or plan, made by James H. Mar-
riott at the time denominated the " north section " and bordering on the
river. Thus Benjamin succeeded to the homestead and buildings possessed
by his father, his grandfather, and great-grandfather, James Mullikin the
original patentee of the lands. His share consisted of 188^ acres. He
was a captain in the war of 1812-1814; m. his second wife, Mrs. Althea
Stewart, Jan. 8, 1829. He d. Jan. 26, 1848, aged 79 years; was an Episco-
palian ; had three children, all by first wife.

4. Basil Mullikin^ (1), son of Thomas'^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co., Md. ;
m. a Miss Ridgeley, of an old and distinguished Maryland family, who
became the mother of twin daughters named Louisa and Orphelia, one of
whom was m. to a Mr. Welsh.

5. Burach Mullikin^ (1), son of Thomas'^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co., Md. ;
d. in childhood.

6. EUender Mullikin^ (1), son of Thomas'' (1), b. in Anne Arunel Co., Md. ;
d. in childhood.

7. Ellen Mullikin* (1), daughter of Thomas'^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co.,
Md., was m. to John Smith who had a grocery store at Annapolis, and had
a daughter who became the wife of Daniel Hart, a bookbinder in Annapolis.

8. Charity Mullikin* (1), daughter of Thomas" (1), b. in Anne Arundel
Co., Md., in 1779; was m. as his second wife Eeb. 14, 1804, to Capt.
Caleb Sears,! who had m. first, Apr. 22, 1793, Ann Kersey, a daughter
of Francis and Margaret (Wrightson) Kersey, but had no issue. He d.

*Elizahkth Ellkx Mullikin, wife of Capt. Thomas Mullikin, bad a sister m. to
Harwood who was aunt to Sarah Harwood, wife of Benjamin Mullikin.



tCAPT. Caleb Skars is said to have been b. in England but the time is unknown.
His father, l-xlward Sears, was on Poplar Island, Talbot Co., Md., as manager for the
Carroll family as early as 1768. Edward's wife was named Sarah, and she d. Jan. 19,
1813, aged 88 years. He d. when Mary, his youngest child, was a small girl ; she was b.
in 1773. Children of Edward and Sarah Sears as follows: Capt. John Scars, 5th Mary-
land Continental Infantry, d. in 1802. William Sears, of Poplar Island succeeded his
father as manager of the Carroll manor. Ariana Scars of Talbot Co., Md., m. Mr. Hall-
daway, and secondly, a Mr. Rhodes. Capt. Calel> Scars of Anne Arundel t'o.> Md., was a
master mariner and farmer. Capt. James Sears d. in Talbot Co., Md., in 1833. Elizal'ct/i
Sears was m. to Mr. Hughes. Ruth' Sears was m. to John Lowe, May 10, 1879, !*• ^1^'^\
d. 1842. Alary Sears b. Dec. 19, 1773, m. William Coe of Annapolis, June 29, 1793, as
second wife, and d. April 29, 1835.



rOSTEHITY OF JAMES MrLLIKLW ',23
^ ^ _

May 14, 1830. Charity d. July 10, 1S41, aged 72 years. C^hildren named
as follows :

I. \\iiii\M ( i ki,i.\i:rm' Si \ks, h. May 10, 1S03; d. Sept. 9, 1804.
11. \\ 1 1 I I \M Si:.\Rs, h. Jan. 31, iiSo4; d. June 27, 1806.

III. John Sears, b. Apr. 19, 1S06; d. June 30, 1806.

i\. ("harlks C'arroi.I- Skars, b. Apr. 24, 1807; m. Jan. 19, 1832, Jli.ia
Maria Saundkrs, dau. of C'apt. James and Ann ((irove) Saunders of
Anne Arundel Co., Md., and had issue. He d. Jan. 21, 1842.

V. LucRKPiA Skars, b. Aug. 5, 1810; d. unni.

\ 1. Dknnis ]). Skars, b. Aug. 11, 1812; d. single.

\ 11. Ann Klizabkth Skars, b. July 21, 1814; m. Grandison W'aikixs
of Anne Arundel Co., Md., and iiad issue.

9. Cave Mullikin^ (1), daughter of Thomas'^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co.,
Md., July 4, 1776; was m. to William Archibald Tuck, who, with a
brother, was engaged in the furniture business in the city of .Annapolis.
She was left a widow in 1813, and was m., second, to Thomas K.di.knk by
whom she had two sons. She was of medium height antl plump figure, with
light curling hair of an auburn tint. She was possessed of a remarkably
lively and cheerful disposition. During her early m. life she resided in
.Annapolis, but after the death of Mr. Tuck she moved to Baltimore. She
did not keep house later than 1832, and spent her last days with her
son-in-law. Dr. Coffin, in Martinsburg, \V. Va., where she d. in Jan., 1847.
She was a communicant of the Methodist church. Her children were
named as follows :

1. Elizabeth Ki.i.kx Ti'ck, b. 1801 ; m. James Hamlin, a hatter, and
lived in Pittsburg, I'a. She d. about 18S4. Had no less than ten
children. ,

II. Mary Tuck, b. 1804; d. in infancy.

III. Caroline Tuck, b. 1805 ; m. James Alexander, an accountant and
merchant, by whom six children.

IV. Julia Ann Tuck, b. 1807 ; m. William H. Coffin, b. in England
and d. at " Chesley, " nea:r Martinsburg, Va., where they had lived for
nearly 40 years. He was a teacher, and a surgeon in the Confederate
Army.* There were nine children.

V. William Hallam Tuck, b. 1809 ; m. Margaret Chew. He was a
Judge of the Supreme Court of Maryland. Has one son in Balti-
more, Md. vA*.'-

VI. Sophia Cavk Tuck, b. 1811, m. Isaac Hopkins, b. in Wales, mer-
chant, and settled in Zanesville, O., where she recently d. Mrs. Hop-
kins contributed much information for this book. She possessed an
accurate and fruitful memory and was well informed in the history
of the Mullikin family. She had eight children.

VII. Thomas Jeffer.son Edlene, d. single.

VIII. Howard Edlene, m. Miss Mary Ann Reese and was killed in
battle of Winchester.

*T\vo of Dr. Cottin'.s sons were captains in the Confederate army and one lost his
life at the battle of I'lantersville, Ala. .A daughter m. Dr. V. .S. Middleton; another m.
Dr. I. R. Wheat.



524 POSTERITY OF JAMES MC'LL/A/X.

10. Elizabeth Mullikin"' (2), daughter of Thomas (1), b. in Anne Arundel
Co., Md., was m. to Mr. W'rightson Lowe, a shipbuilder of Baltimore.
She is described as a woman of remarkable beauty, of a sunny disposition,
and never known to get angry. She had five children : Anne, Thomas,
James, John, and EUzabeth.

11. Mary MuUikin* (2), daughter of Thomas'^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co.,
Md. ; was m. to Rev. Richard TidinCxS, a Methodist minister, and d. when
a young woman leaving a babe named Elizabet/i. She was very gentle and
kind-hearted, and the negro servants were overcome with grief when she
passed away.

12. Sarah Mullikin^ (1), daughter of Thomas-^ (1), b. in Anne Arundel Co.,



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 70 of 109)