G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on online

. (page 83 of 109)
Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 83 of 109)
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II. Louisa Millican', m. a Mi<. Bknson.

111. Ill NRV Mii.i.k'An\ (1. uiiin.

2. Nancy Millican' (l), eldest dau<;hter of Isaac- (1), b. Oct. 10, 1784; m.
Calkh 1)orsi:v, Apr. 5, 1802.

3. Josiali Millican' (1), second son of Isaac- (l), b. Nov. 25, 1786; m.
Bktsky Rific.iN, and d. Apr. 13, 1854. He claimed to be a Presbyterian
and of Scotch descent. Six children named as follows:

I. Edward Millican^, m. Charlottk Holland.

ir. Rii.KY Mii.i.iCAN^, m. Annik Parks and lives in Queen Anne Co., Md.

with issue.
III. Harriet Millican^ m. Luther Dougherty.
, IV. Kmily MILLICAN^ m. Joseph Wheeler.
V. Mary Millican'*, m. James Somers.

VI. Isaac Millican\ m. Mary Jane TuLLand had three sons, Etiwan/,
Jsiuii and Albert.

4. Charity Millican' (l), second daughter of Isaac^ (1), b. Xov. 4, 1789 ; d.
May 3, 1809, unni.

5. Eli Millican'' (1), third son of Isaac^ (1), b. Oct. i6, 1792 ; m. Elizabeth
McDorman ; d. 185 1. Had three sons and two daughters named as
follows :

I. Eli Wesley Millican^ m. Sarah Ann Somers and had issue as

follows :
( I ). Edward W. Millican^ m. and had issue two children, Mrs. Annie

Carpenter and Charles E.
(2). John Wesley Millican^
(3). RuFUS Henry Millican'"', has no children.
(4). Thcjmas James Millican'', m. and had //tv/rr, Wesley, James, Grace

and Effie.
(5). Virginia E. Millican'', ni. a Mr. Somers.
(6). Ida A. Millican', m. a Mr. Chipenger.
(7). Willie E. Millican^
(8). Sallie E. Millican'^ unm.

II. George Millican^ d. unm.

III. Edward Millican^, d. unm.

IV. Ellen Millican*, d. unm.

V. Eliza Millican\ m. Hance McDorman.

6. Harriet Millican^ (1), third daughter of Isaac' (1), b. Dec. 20, 1794;
was accidentally shot, and d. Apr. 11, 1815.

7. Rachel Millican-' (l), fourth daughter of Isaac' (1), b. March 7, 1797,
and ni. Ballard Bossman.



G28 MILLICANS AND MILLIGANS OF MARYLAND.

8. Polly Millican^ (1), fifth daughter of Isaac^ (1), b. Sept. 7, 1799; m.
Ralph Corkin, and d. Dec. 14, 1831.



David Milligan' was b. in Charleston, Md., in 1799, and is supposed to have
been of the same family as those recorded on the preceding pages ; his
parents names, however, are not known. His wife was Margaret Jackson,
said to be a relative of President Andrew Jackson, b. in Steubenville, O.,
1 791, and d. in Peorie, 111., about i860. Their children were named as
follows :

1. Robert Milligan' (l), eldest son of David^ (1), and Margaret, b. in
Switzerland Co., Ind., 1810; date of d. unknown.

2. James S. Milligan^ (l), second son of David' (l), b. in Indiana, 181 2 ;
d. in Louisville, Ky., 1832.

3. Jane E. Milligan- (1), eldest daughter of David^ ( 1 ), b. in Indiana, 18 14 ;
was m. say 1840, to George W. Childs of Carthage, 111., who d. there about
1866. She d. 1861. Several children were b. in this family, but we know
the name of but one, Helen Childs, b. in Warshaw, Ky., 1848 ; d. 1868 ?

4. John Milligan- (l), third son of David^ (1), b. in Indiana in 1818; m.
Ellen Walker; d. Feb. 25, 1844.

5. Mary Milligan'- (l), second daughter of David^ (1), b. in Indiana 1820.
No other information.

6. David Milligan- (l), fourth son of David^ (l), b. in Switzerland Co., Ind.,
Sept. 22, 1822 ; m. Orinda Kent, and d. in Madison Co., Ind., July 9,
1896. Two children.

7. Samuel W. Milligan- (1), fifth son of David^ (1), b. in Indiana, 1825;
lived in Madison Co., la. He m. Adaline Richmond in Ind., who is liv-
ing in Winterset, Madison Co., la. He was a Methodist minister. Their
children were :

L George Milligan, who lives in Boise City, Idaho.
II. Mary Milligan, who m. Baker, residence unknown.

III. William Milligan, m. and resides in Des Moines, la. Carpenter.
Several children.

IV. Stella Milligan, m. a school-teacher named Lester, and resides in
Carroll Co., la.

V. Perry Milligan is m. and has issue. Resides at Colorado Springs,

Col. A contractor.
VI. Jesse Milligan lives Avith his mother on the old homestead near
Winterset, Madison Co., la. Farmer.

8. Elizabeth Milligan- (l), third daughter of David^ (1), b. in Indiana, 1826;
was m. in that state to Krastus Gould who was a cabinet maker living in
Osgood, Ind., and d. about 1900. She d. Nov. 16, 1893, Two surviving
children.

9. Ann Milligan''^ (1), fourth daughter of David^ (1), b. in Indiana, 1826;
was m. to John Devilbiss, and had issue.



MIl.LICANS AND MIl.LIGANS OF MARYLAND. C,->\S



10. Margaret Mil ligan- (1), fifth dau<^hter of David' (1), b. in IiuHhiki,
March 15, 1816; in. to josKi-ii KKNr, a printer and newspaper man, h. in
Madison, Ind. and killed in a hay-i:)ress at liatavia, about 1.S14. Slie d. in 1SS8.

11. Thomas Gilliland Milligan" (l), si.\th .son of David' (D, h. in Switzer-
land Co., Md., Feb. i, 1829; m. Mary Jane Coopkr at Galva, 111. in 1857,
and removed to Iowa soon after, locatin<5 at Fort Des Moine.s. He is a
carpenter and builder. Children as follows :

I. CiiARLKS RuHiiRT MiLLiGAN, b. in \\'arren Co., la., May 1, 1859; in.
{^ct. 18, 1884, Ella Shearer, and is a carpenter and builder in
Des Moines, Iowa.
H. Emma Mii.lioan, b. in Warren Co., la., Apr. 21, 1862; m. Nov. 16,
1893, Charlks Lamh, who enlisted several years ago in the U.S.
army, and his whereabouts (1903) unknown. No issue.

III. Nellie Milligan, b. in Galva, 111., Oct. 13, 1864; m. June 4, 1890,
Charles H. Beach of Bayonne, N. J., who is clerk in Jersey Central
R.R office. New York. Residence, Bayonne, N.J. One daughter,
aged 10 years.

IV. Frank A. Milligan, b. in Des Moines, la., Dec. 25, 1866. Cripple
from spinal affection due to an accident in infancy; now an almost
helpless invalid at Hotel " Astoria," Washington, D.C.

V. Clara Byrd Milligan, b. in Des Moines, la., June 13, 1874. Sten-
ographer and typewriter, Washington, D.C.

12. Mary Jane Milligan- (2), youngest daughter of David^ (1), b. in Bike
Co., 111., in 1841.



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liUllihans in^lanbolpb Countn, 1), C.



PENNSYLVANIA FAMILY.



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This may be properly called a migratory family, for the early generations
were wandered in the wilderness longer than were the Hebrews before reach-
ing the " Land of Promise." From the time when William Millikan left his
home in Scotland, or the north of Ireland, and came to Pennsylvania with
his kindred of the same name, this family have been singularly itinerate.
\\'e do not know his motive in coming to America at so early a day in the
history of the Colonies. He had lived in Chester Co., Pa. a number of
years surrounded by other families of the same surname, but we do not
know what degree of relationship existed between them. When the great
wave of Quaker migration began to move from Pennsylvania southward
about the middle of the i8th century, William Millikan removed to then
Rowan county, North Carolina, and settled there among many of his old
Quaker neighbors.

There seems to have been an inherent unrest in the family. They soon
found themselves in touch with slavery, an institution despised by the
Quakers. The sandy " pine soil " of their farms that produced abundant
harvests when first broken was soon exhausted by ungenerous husbandry,
and hundreds of acres were abandoned and relinquished again to the domain
of nature. It has been said that the corn-rows can now be traced through
groves of pine where were cultivated fields a hundred years ago. The sec-
ond generation had scarcely settled down to domestic life in their new log
houses when they were filled with discontent by hearing of almost inter-
minable tracts of rich " bottom lands," and forests abounding with possums
and wild turkeys, beyond the mountains in Tennessee. Then these families,
comprising whole neighborhoods, sold out, or abandoned their farms, " pulled
up stakes," and with their children, cattle and household gear turned their
faces westward.

There were at that tiine no roads worthy of the name after reaching the
mountains, and their experiences of hardships were extremely trying when
ascending the almost precipitous steeps.

Teams were disconnected and doubled up while wagons were left be-
hind ; then they went back and drew the wagons up in turn. When descend-
ing the steep mountain sides both hind wheels of their wagons were locked,
and trees with all their branches on were chained to the rear end of their
wagons to impede the velocity of movement and break concussion when they
reached the bottom.

Their horses were galled by the wooden hnmes in which they drew the
heavy laden, lumbering wagons along the rough winding roads, and had to
be turned out among the foothills to heal and rest. During such inter-
ruptions in their journey the families drew their wagons into a circle, built
their campfires in the centre, and waited until they could resume their on-
ward march.

We can fancy these grave and austere fathers and mothers sitting in the
dim light of their evening fires while weird shadows were cast upon their



\



MILI.IKAXS J.\ A'AXnoI./'// COUNTY, NORTH CAROlJN.l. {\;\\



features, bowing their heads in silent prayer before going to rest in their
long wagons; and their conversation interspersed with their conventional
" thee," "thy " and " thou."

Some heads of families hail crossed the mountains on horseback the
year previous, and cleared patches of land and ])ut up log cabins ; others
had no shelter but their covered wagons till lantls were alloted, locations
chosen, and rude houses built.

Almost as soon as the families comprising the Lost Creek settlement had
established themselves on their lands, arrangements were made to provide
places for worship and schools. John Mills, wlio m. Sarah Millikan, do-
nated land for a meeting house, schoolhouse and burial place. A rude
sanctuary was laid up of hewed timber and a schoolhouse, still standing,
was built of logs. The laths for this meeting house were split from rift
chestnut aiul the shingles, hand shaved, were fastened to the roof with
wooden pegs in gimlet holes. Oiled paper was used as a substitute for glass
in the schoolhouse, and the seats were of hewed slabs. • Their log houses
had puncheon Hoors, and the few boards used for tables and cupboards were
cut out by hand with whipsaws.

Here again these peace-loving Quakers were compelled to witness the
cruelties of slavery. As soon as the wilderness had been opened to the sun-
light, slaveholders sat down beside them, and the unhunan treatment of
the poor negroes by their masters was too much to be endured. Many sold
out or abandoned their farms and removed to Indiana, and to the " Miami
Country," now in (^hio. The community in Indiana was called the "Ten-
nessee Settlement," becau.se composed principally of families from that state.

About this time the Northwest Territory, now in Ohio, was opened for
settlement and those who had means in the Randolph County Colony, pur-
chased extensive tracts of land there for their sons.

It mav be asked, " How did the families in those isolated settlements
hear from their kindred in North Carolina and in Tennessee ?" In answer we
can only say that the Quaker preachers, being imbued with a warm mission-
ary spirit, w-ent everywhere to plant the truth — and carry the mail. From
a bundle of old letters now on my desk, written in the cabins of the Milli-
kans in the Lost Creek settlement and the Miami Country and carried hun-
dreds of miles through the wilderness in Quaker preachers' saddle-bags to
families in Randolph Co., N. C, I find that the means of communicating
intelligence were inadequate, and children who had removed to Ohio did not
hear of their parents death for many months, and then only by letters car-
ried by some traveling Quaker preacher. The provisions of a will in which
legacies were awaiting them were not known to the heirs for months after
the death of the testator. John Mullikan was not paid his share of the
money devised to him by his grandfather's will made in Randolph Co.,
N. C. in 1818, until 1847; then one of the executors made a journey to
Ohio and faithfully performed his duty.

After their journeys to Ohio and Indiana, these Quaker preachers vis-
ited from house to house among their kindred and old neighbors, and dwelt
Avith enthusiasm upon their descriptions of the lands, timber, and water
powers of the " Miami Country." When visiting their kindred in the set-
tlement at Lost Creek, these wandering preachers told around their hearth-
stones the same stories of the natural aclvantages offered to settlers in the



(332 MILLIKANS IN RANDOLPH COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA.

new territory visited by them. They were the heralds who led on the van-
guard of settlement ; the messengers and mail carriers of a pioneer com-
munity. In their leathern saddlebags and wallets were carried from the
sons and daughters who had moved to Tennessee and Ohio, wafer sealed
letters addressed to their parents in Randolph county, North Carolina. A
bundle of these old, faded, fingermarked letters, written on coarse, water-
marked foolscap paper, with their geometric folds and broken red wafers,
are now upon my desk — mute but impressive links between the old days and
the new. They were inscribed by toiling hands with quills plucked from
the wings of wild turkeys, and were perused with trembling lips and stained
with the tears of the dear old fathers and mothers ; they have been pre-
served with sacred care and handed down through six generations of the
Millikan family to fall, at last, only temporarily, into the hands of the far
away historian and compiler of this volume. In these old epistles many
pathetic incidents were recorded, many endearing expressions dictated, many
loving sentiments expressed, and affectionate regards conveyed to parents,
brothers, sisters, and more distant kindred. Much was written descriptive
of the advantages of the new country, the character of the timber, the
quality of the soil, the available water powers, the abundance of wild game
waiting to be transferred from the forest to the bakepan, and the fruits
spontaneous ; the prices of land, the conditions of payment, the distances
to mill and market, the quality of the "limewater " and manner of domes-
tic life.

Many of the sons and daughters who left Randolph and Guilford counties
in North Carolina for Lost Creek and the settlements in Ohio and Indiana,
had looked upon the faces and homes of their parents for the last time.
In a few instances visits were made on horseback to the old homes in North
Carolina and Tennessee, but the years had flown and many loved faces and
forms were not seen.

.Sctttcment at l^ost Crcch, ^cnn.

In the central valley between the French Broad and Holston rivers in
East Tennessee, is Lost Creek. This stream is fed by springs, flows through
the valley westward, sinks and runs under Mahoney hill, coming again to
the surface near the Holston river, of which it forms a considerable tribu-
tary. The peculiarity of the stream, running under ground, has attached
to it the name of Lost Creek ; and this also applies to the valley. The
Clinch mountains may be seen in the north, the Bay mountains in the south,
and a mass of the fag-ends of creation around them in form of ridges and
craigs. The scenery is wild, rugged and grand, and the climate delightful
and conducive to health.

We have no knowledge of the inducement that impelled so many Quaker
families to remove from North Carolina to the Lost Creek valley — then a
wilderness. It was necessary for the sons and daughters of the remarkably
prolific families in the counties of Chatham and Guilford to seek for homes,
and they turned their longing eyes westward where wild lands were cheap
and open to settlement. Moreover, these families were nearly all connected
by ties of blood, and " birthright members " of the Quaker church.

John Mills, who m. Sarah Millikan, was one of the flrst who emigrated



MILLIKANS IX RANDOLPH COUNTY, NOR III CAROLINA. ^\\\\\



and crossed the mountain wall that separated \orlh ( irolina from reniicsNcc.
In company with William Millikaii, his brother-in-law, he lirst followeii the
west-guiding-trail on horseback and visited the Lost Creek neighborhood
on a prospecting tour. Like the faithful spies, Caleb and Joshua, who went
to view the " Land of Promise," aiuiently, these, on their return \u North
Carolina, brought a good report. It was a land Ihnviiig with iioiu-y and
wild turkeys. Fancy paints the picture of the home coming, and the group
gatheretl around the wide stone fireplaces in the (Quaker homes in Chatham
county listening to the tales of adventures on the road and descriptions of
the country, timber, land and water. The soil was pronounced of rich
quality, the water pure antl impregnated with limestone, and wild game
plentiful. Proprietors of the territory upon which the young families
contemplated founding new homes were communicated with, terms of pur-
chaseascercained, and the topic absorbed the attention of the community
in two counties. Preparations for the departure were hastily made. Strong
wagons with lumbering wheels and jingling lynch pins were the primitive
"Prairie Schooners." The horses were in rude harness, wcMiin-j^ wooden
hames.

John Mills, with his wife Sarah Millikan, removed from Chatham county,
North Carolina to Lost Creek in the year 1784. They took their horses,
cattle, and farming tools with them. The oldest sons drove the cows and
sheep. Homespun yarn was carried and the good mothers were knitting
stockings for their husbands and sons, seated in the jolting wagons as they
journeyed. When night fell, fires were kindled, kettles suspended on forks
and wooden cranes, and food cooked. The women and chiltlren slept in
the wagons ; the father and oldest sons upon beds of cedar boughs. They
were awakened by the gobbling of hundreds of wild turkeys, fed their jaded
horses, ate the morning meal, and resumed their journey. They then fol-
lowed the " wilderness road " which, probably, all who removed to Tennesse
traveled. Starting at Greensborough, they went west to Winston ; followed
up the river valley to Mt. Airy; crossed the Blue Ridge mountains and New
river to Abington, Virginia; thence southwest into Tennessee where P^ristol
now stands ; over a sinuous route through the " hill country " near the
source of the Holston river ; then onward to Elizabethton, Jonesboro, and
Greenville ; through Bull's Gap in the mountains to Morristown ; to Mossy
Creek and then to Lost Creek.

John Mills left his family at a Quaker settlement in Greene county, and
taking his older sons, one of whom, William, was then fifteen, and built a
cabin about one mile and a half east of where Lost Creek sinks under .Ma-
honey Hill. Here they cleared ten acres and planted a crop. William was
hunter and housekeeper. Soon after the remaining members of the family
followed, and the new home became an established institution. Old neigh-
bors and kindred families soon followed from North Carolina, and the
settlement grew quite rapidly. The heavy forests disappeared, fields ex-
panded, cabins were multiplied, and peace prevailed.

In front of the Lost Creek meeting house, south, is the graveyard in a
grove of cedars. The graves are marked by slabs of rough sandstone, only
a few bearing inscriptions. Here many of the Millikans and their kindre 1
rest from their labors while gentle winds sing their requiem in the trees
above their graves.




(i.''



ostcritn af Milliam ||IilliluUL



1



PREAMBLE. Three pioneers of the Milliken family sat down in North Caro-
lina. We are not dependent upon tradition for our knowledge of their
existence there. Old documents, public and personal, mark their footprints
upon the sands of time. Letters containing many names written by the
pioneers, yellowed with age and stained with tears and finger-marks, have
been preserved with sacred care ; letters of considerable length pregnant
with particulars relating to removals and settlements, with dates, which
establish genealogical connections. Several early wills made by heads of
families contain many names of children and of those who intermarried.
Extensive research, however, in Pennsylvania and North Carolina fails to
reveal any information relating to the ancestry of the heads of the three
great families. The tax-lists of Chester county — some are missing — show
that from 1739 to 1763, seven persons who bore the Milliken name owned
estates there ; and we naturally inquire how did it happen that so many
Mil likens — the surname was spelt in a variety of forms — should have ap-
peared in this Quaker neighborhood contemporaneously .'' Some mutual
interest must have brought them together, and we reasonably assume that
they were relatives who had removed from some distant locality. All had
attained their majority and were Yoemen. As some were designated "un-
married," we suppose they were young men. One only, Richard Milliken,
was called a "Renter." Another, George Milliken, was styled "Inmate."
The name Patrick is a hint that points to Ireland as his place of nativity,
or the home of his ancestors. The name Moses which appears on the tax-
list from 1753 to 1763, is not common in the Milliken families; it is of
frequent occurance, however, in the branch settled in Brunswick Co., N. C,
but an intelligent old lady down there assumes, without any doubt or hesi-
tancy, that her grandfather and granduncle were from Maryland.

The most singular circumstance concerning this group of Millikens in
Chester Co. was their disappearance from the locality almost simultaneously.
Whither did they journey ; where pitch their moving tents .'' Examination
of the county records of more recent dates fails to reveal the names of their
posterity. Like a flock of birds they seem to have risen with one accord
and flown away. One only has been traced with certainty. We know that
during the great Quaker migration to the South, William Millikan and his
family went to Rowan, now Randolph Co., N. C. Numerous letters written
by him have been found, but not in one instance does he mention any Mil-
likan save his own son, and we have no evidence of the removal with him
of any person bearing the name. His discendants have been traced. We
find the name of a James Milliken on the Chester county tax-list in 1753
and 1754. Knowing that a person of this name removed from Chester to
Westmoreland county about this time, we imagine that they were identical,
but we have no proof. The name of George Millikan designated "of Ken-
net, Inmate," appears on the ta.x-list in 1763. The George Milligan who




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POSTERITY OF WILLIAM Mll.l.lK.lS^ ,;;',.-,



had a grant of land on C'hartier's ("reek, Washington Co., I'a., in i7«6,
called " Milligan's Hrt'wery," may have been the same ; hut |)root is wanting.

It is not reasonable to suppose that these seven n>en, having reached their
majority and had acquired estates upon which they paid taxes for twenty
years, all died issueless; and we have no hesitancy in assuming that they had
families whose descendants are now living somewhere within our broad
domain.

Turning our attention again to North Carolina, we shall tind that William
Millikan and Charles Milliken were living in Chatham antl Randolph coun-
ties, adjoining, as no distant neighbors, side-by-side, as many as si.xttrn vttin:
Shall we believe that their .settlement so near each other was accidental .'
Family tradition says that they were intimate in association and that their
descendants claimed to be relatives. They certainly must have been ac-
quainted, as William Millikan was a land surveyor and well known in .sev-
eral counties where he served under the agent of Lord Cranville. They
may have been brothers who had emigrated from Ireland at dilTerent times
and were .separated for some years until they settled near each other in
North Carolina. We must leave the family history somewhat in obscurity.
The citations of evidence as presented seems worth preserving and we record
it for what it signifies.

From an extensive correspondence extending to every known family of
the name, and a study of their temperaments, habits, physical types, busi-
ness methods, etc., I am more and more impressed with the strong resem-
blance between the descendants of William Millikan who settled in Ran-
dolph Co., N. C, and the families settled in \\'ashington, Westmoreland,
Huntington, Mercer and Juniata counties in Pennsylvania. The majority
of the men, especially of the earlier generations, have been tall, rawboned,
muscular and of fair and medium complexion. They were men of motive
temperaments and many possessed great natural mechanical ability. Not



Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 83 of 109)