G. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) Ridlon.

History of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on online

. (page 87 of 109)
Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 87 of 109)
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" he and Aunt Margaret visited at my father's. Uncle Ben was a strong Abolitionist,
" while Clark Elder was a strong advocate of slavery. Uncle Ben helped a negro, — in
" whom Clark Elder was interested, — but I cannot remember whether he owned him or
" not, — to escape to Canada, and it so enraged Clark Elder that he went out and hanged
" himself."

TiiK Balks Family. — This surname is variously spelled in old records — Bales,
Beals and Beales. Eleazer Bales was a man of great influence amongst the Quakers in
Indiana. The following is adapted from Weeks' " Southern Quakers and Slavery." About
1752, Richard Williams and his wife Prudence Beals, with two children, removed from
ISIonocacy River, then in I'rince George county, Maryland, and settled in North Carolina
upon the lands where the New Garden meeting house now stands, the site for which Wil-
liams gave. Thomas Beals, brother-in-law of Richard Williams, was the first Quaker set-
tled at New Garden. He came from Pennsylvania to North Carolina. In company with
William Rol)inson of New Garden, he made a visit to the Indians, Nov. 11, 1777. They
returned home the ne.xt year, and in 1779, " Thomas Beales proposes removing to the Ohio
river to be near the Delaware Indians." The Quarterly Meeting would not permit him to
go at this time, but in 1780 it was agreed for him to go wt^t to make inspection as to the
advisability of moving his family. In 1782 it was reported that he 4iad removed, with
several other families, and he then requested liberty to appoint other meetings. The cause
of the removals of so many (Quakers from Virginia and Slorth Carolina was their protest
against slavery, and the leader and organizer of the Carolina hegi^ was Thomas Beales.
lie is said to have been the first white man to settle in Ohio. He d.'^ar Chillicothe, Ohio,
in iSoi, and was buried in a cofifin dug out of a log, as there was not a sawmill within hun-
dreds of miles. Bowater Beales went from Montgomery county, Penn., in company with Wil-
liam Hunt, and visited the Friends in Virginia and New Jersey. Many meml)ers of the
I'ealesor P>ales family removed from North Carolina to Ohio and Indiana with the families
of Millikan, and their numerous descendants now reside there.

rOSTKKlTV Ol' WIl.l.lAM Mil. I. /h. IX. (;,',«J

He was one of the executors of his father's will and by this instrument
was bequeathed sixtv acres of land denominated the " I'ine I'ract," adjoin-
ins; the lanils of Joshua Hallidav. He luul already received title to 200 acres
as part of his share of the estate, lie d. in l"'el). 1S57. iluTc were /i////-
tccn children of whom with |th i^eneration.

Hkn'jamin Mii.i.ikan's Advkvturk. I'he following interesting account
was furnished by a neice of iSenjamin Millikan and is substantially correct:
*' IJenjaniin Millikan so well known as an emancipator or liberator of slaves,
was an honest man who had many warm friends and more bitter enemies
than any one in Randolph county, North Carolina. He was law-abiding
and guilty of no wrong.

1 will give one incident which is most i)rominent and was characteris-
tic of his many hardships and sacrifices for the good of others. For the
facts in this case I am indebted to my uncle Kleazer Millikan, who, although
old, partly paralyzed, and very feeble, remembers all of the circumstances
well. And I can remember hearing my dear parents tell about the adven-
ture and many others which I cannot now relate with accuracy. On this
occasion grandfather encountered most bitter annoyance and persecution
by slave-holders on account of his protecting a colored man who had once
been a slave but had been given, with his master's other slaves, his freedom.
Provision was made in the will to transport the colored people to Indiana,
and a white man was appointed to care for them. This poor negro had a
wife who was the slave of another planter and for her sake he declined to
leave the state. The man who had the custody of the liberated colored man
hired him to a man who was supposed to be kind and honorable; but he
l^roved to be brutal, assuming all the authority of a master. He beat and
abused this hired man unmercifully, and did not supply him with sufficient
clothing. This was known to grandfather and he could not conscientiously
let such cruelty go on without an effort to prevent it. He forwarded a letter
to the man in Indiana who had the oversight of this ex-slave, informing him
of the facts and soon received a power of attorney from the state authorities
to go and take the colored man from his oppressor. This was only known
to the persons concerned. Grandfather had not asked for any such author-
ity and would have selected some other for the undesirable commission ; but
he was not the man to shrink from any danger when duty den\anded his

About this time the poor maltreated colored man came to grandfather's
one day and besought him to go and prevail upon his employer to cease
beating him, and he consented to go ; but this only enraged him the more
and he became desperate in his inhuman abuse. At an early hour one morn-
ing my grandfather and some other neighbors heard a terrible outcry not
far from his barn as of some one in the hands of a tyrant. On going to
ascertain the cause, two men were found beating this poor colored man. It
was assumed by grandfather that he had taken refuge the night before in his
barn, but unknown to him or his family. The slave masters were suspicious
and terribly enraged, accusing him of harboring the colored man.

Grandfather's cup of indignation was now full and he began to use the
authority with which he had been legally invested. He took the negro to
his own home, like a good Samaritan, and made him comfortable. Then



the enraged planter took out a writ against grandfather for taking the hire-
lins: from him.

We must here bear in mind that it was an offence calling for a heavy
penalty upon any one who meddled with another's slaves, and this man,
with all of the assumption of a slaveholder, was to institute legal proceed-
ings and punish grandfather for — no unlawful transaction. His friends in-
formed him, however, of what was going on and he " escaped out of their
hands " by going across the line into Guilford county until suitable prepara-
tions could be made for his departure for Indiana with the colored man.
Without returning to see his family, he went on his journey traveling sixty
miles the first day in a two-horse wagon over mountainous roads, crossing
wide streams, and traversing almost interminible forests, enduring many
hardships. If his enemies had known of his departure before he had made
this distance they would have followed and perhaps killed him, but his skil-
fully laid plans had deceived and prevented them and he went on undisturbed.

When it was known by his enemies, the slave owners,that he had carried
the old colored man safely to a free state, they boasted that he would never
dare to return to North Carolina, and made dreadful threats against him if
he did ; but assured that his action had been lawful, when he had placed the
negro beyond harm and visited some relatives in Indiana, he came boldly
back to his home and was not molested.

Meanwhile, court proceedings had been instituted by the man from
whom he had taken the negro ; but when grandfather came back with author-
ity to prosecute him for his brutal treatment of a free man, and for non-
pavment of his wages, he buckled and besought him to sign a paper which
had been drawer up, to settle the trouble out of court by arbitration. Referees
were appointed and agreed upon the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars
to be paid by the man who had abused the negro ; and this he paid. His
defeat so crushed his spirit that in exasperation, like Judas, he went and
hanged himself. From a footnote found elsewhere, it appears that the man
who "went out and hanged himself," was Clark Elder, whose wife was a
member of the Millikan family.

It was said by those who were familiar with all the details of this ad-
venture by grandfather when conveying the colored man to Indiana, that
it was one of the cleverest schemes ever carried out on the " underground
railroad." It was only one out of many bold acts of Benjamin Millikan in
which he circumvented his enemies, the slave holders, and successfully
guided the poor suffering negroes to a land of freedom.

He was keen-witted, sagacious, daring and brave ; and always found a
way to accomplish his purposes when impelled by a sense of justice to help
bondmen in securing their liberty. He went to Indiana six times, going
over the road by private conveyance twelve times. On four of these trips
he went with his two-horse wagon to move his relatives to that free state.
One journey was made on horseback, and he and his wife went once in a

8. Jesse Millikan'' (1), fifth son of SamueP (1), b. in Randolph Co., N. C,
Oct. i8, 1785; m. Apr. 7, 1810, Lydia Barrett, this being her birthday;
her advent was on Apr. 7, 1791, in Winchester, Frederick Co., Va. Her
parents were Richard and Sarah (George) Barrett, Quakers, from the "Old

rOSTERirV OF 117L/./.I.U .\ni.I.lhAX. cc,

Dominion." He was a professional surveyor and civil enj^ineer and assisted
in making the tirst survey of Public Lands in ( )hio. While surveying in
Hiirhhuul Co., he boarded a whde with Kichard liarrett and there lirst met
his charming Lydia. It has been related that while on his way to be m.
lesse Millikan liad a narrow escape from drowning in a branch of I'aint
Creek. It was in the spring, the water was at llood-tide, and as there were
no bridges he had no alternative but to swim. Love laughed at streams as
well as "locksmiths," and he boldly launched away. Heing an expert swim-
mer, he succeeded, after a most desperate struggle, in reaching the opposite
shore, stimulated and nerved, no doubt, for this herculean e.xerticm by
visions of the fair face of her whom he wished to make his own. Jesse
Millikan went to Ohio, or the Northwest Territory, with his brothers John
and William, as earlv as 1800-1, and settled at ("hillicothe, which was then
the capital, and subsequently at Washington Court House, Tayette Co.,
where he resided until his death. His daughter, Mrs. Ellen Rawlings, has
a manuscript arithmetic and geometry written by him in his youth, showing
that his thoughts were early turned toward Ohio, for one of the problems
reads as follows: " If it be 600 miles and one half from Samuel Millikan's
door to that fine country, the Miami, which I do greatly admire, and that a
wheel nine and three inches be, how often will it turn in running there.'
Jesse, I require it of thee."

He was postmaster at Washington Court House, and clerk of Fayette
Co. from its organization until his death. He also built a mill which he
long owned, and which become the property of his son, Curan Millikan. It
seems quite remarkable that we should be able to produce letters written by
each of the three brothers, sons of Samuel Millikan who went to Ohio, but
such is the case, and we herewith append the following verbatim liieratitn.

"Washington, Fayette County, Ohio, April 11, 1818.

Dear Brothers & Friends.

Your letter announcing the Death of our Father was received some time
ago, which as is common amongst mortals could not fail of producing sen-
sations of sorrow, we however anticipated nothing else knowing his great
infirmity and advanced age.

The Barkktt Family. Thomas liarrett, the American ancestor of this family was a
Quaker and had a grant of land from William Penn in Pennsylvania, in 1682. Benjamin
Barrett, grandson of Thomas, and wife F.leanor had a son Richard Barrett, born Nov. 11,
1760; also a son Jonathan and a daughter. The family removed to Fiederick Co., Va.
This Richard Barrett married Sarah George, May 11, 1785, she being the daughter of Kllis
and Lydia (Chambers) (George, born Dec. 8,1762. Jonathan Barrett married .Sarah (leorge's
sister. Richard Barrett and his family removed to Highland Co., ()., where they passed
the remainder of their days. Their family consisted of nine children, Rebecca, Fleanor,
Lydia, who married Jesse Millikan, Phoeby, Sarah, Rachel, Sidney, Amy and Richard
Lewis Barrett, whose son David Barrett has long been superintendent of the Ohio State
Reform Farm, at Lancaster, O.

A daughter of Benjamin and Eleanor Barrett was married to John Cowgill (or Cogle)
and had sons John and Jonathan. John the father lived near Cincinnati, but sold out and
moved to Highland Co., ()., where he bought several adjoining farms for himself and
children. They had a shop in which they manufactured saddle-trees, which they delivered
by wagon through Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky. In Washington's memorandum book
appears the name of Benjamin Barrett who did work on the fortification at Winchester,
Virginia, in 1756-7. Probably identical with the above-named Benjamin.


I have wrote Nathaniel Wyatt requesting information of the situation of
land will'd to John's children and also informing him of the nature of father's
will respecting the children. I have not had an opportunity of sending the
deed for that Land to be recorded yet ; and indeed if a new one could be
procured I am of opinion it would be better as the one made has been exe-
cuted so long ago. I however must endevor to procure a new one or have
the one father sent recorded.

I do not expect to go to Carolina this fall. I am about building a mill
which requires my attention here. If there is anything coming to me from
Carolina it will be of material benefit to me this fall particularly to assist in
erecting the mill, if there be any safe opportunity of sending forward on
paper on the State Bank of N. Carolina, (which) is good here. I have not
wrote to William since I received your letter, because I do not Know where
to direct to him.

' We have four children, namely, Samuel, Curran, Jesse and Richard, all
healthy as common children. I will inform you of the situation of the land
in this state which Father bought of Ruddock as soon as I receive an
answer from Nathl Wyatt. Please to inform me what Father wished should
be done with the other hundred acres, there being two hundred acres, and
only one (hundred) will'd to John's children.

I wish you to write to me as soon as possible ; and as I do not now rec-
ollect anything more of importance to communicate, I will close this letter
desiring that mother will not suppose I have forgotten her parental care
and attention toward me when I was under her good care. Farewell !

Jesse &: Lydia Millikan.

Jesse Millikan was a man of medium height, strong built, very active in
body and mind and a natural mathematician and mechanic. ,He was suc-
cessful as a business man, and his penmanship as uniform and graceful as
any engraved letters. His wife, Lydia Barrett, was large, and their children
and descendants were strongly marked with characteristics of the Barretts,
being generally large framed, hardy, lovers of out-of-door pursuits and
long lived.

It has been said that Jesse M ill ikan's wife was expelled from the Quaker
society because she m. outside of it ; but the simple fact seems to be that
she did not unite with any Quaker society after her m. for the reason there
was none in Fayette county. She did become a member of the Methodist
Fpiscopal church at Washington C. H., but continued to wear her Quaker
dress till the day of her death, and was buried in it.

Jesse Millikan d. August 1836, and Lydia his wife d. Oct. 27, 1857. Of
their eleven children ten lived to grow up and m. and in August 1897, seven
were still living. See 4th generation.

9. Ann Millikan-' (1), youngest daughter of Samuel- (1), b. in Randolph
Co., N. C, Feb. 20, 1788 ; m. Oct. 12, 18 14, to Rev. Fleazer Bales. They
removed to Indiana, and settled near the town of Mooresville, Morgan Co.
She d. in early life and he was afterwards m. three times. There were sev-
eral children, and the eldest may have been a child of Ann Millikan.

10. Mary Millikan'' (3), youngest daughter of Samuel- (l), b. in Randolph
Co., N. C, Jan. 2, 1791 ; m. Jan. 13, 1808, Thomas Tomlinson, son of



Samuel and Ann ( Kn<jlish ) 'I'omlinson of Rowan Co. N. C. The names of
two children of Mary were found in the (Juakcr records of Springfield, N. ( '.,
namely :

[. A\N '^o^fLINSo^■, b. Dec. 19, 1808.
II. J\Ni. ToMLiNSoN, b. Feb. 25, 181 1.

jfourtb ('*)cncr;ition.


1. Hon. William Millikan' (6), eldest son of John'' (1), b. in Delaware Co.,
O., Sept. 22, 1806. He was four times m. His first wife was Rachki, Ab-
bott to whom m. in 1829, and who d. without issue in 1833. He m. .second,
Amanda Holme.s, who d. in 1836 at South Bend, Ind. His third wife was
Emma Cleveland, of Klkhart, Ind., to whom he was m. Jan. 30, 1841 ; she
d. May 7, 1858, and he took for his fourth wife, Apr. 7, 1865, Mary Bost-
wicK.. He was associated with his brother, John Millikan, as editor of the
"Press" published at South Bend, Ind., for a number of years, and was
elected to the Legislature while a resident of that state. He was for many
years editor and proprietor of the " Fayette County Herald," published at
Washington Court House, O., where he resided, being the oldest editor in
the state. At the age of 95 he was working at his desk but was later in-
capacitated for active work by paralysis, and his son, William W. Millikan,
who has long been associated with his father as editor and publisher, now
manages the paper and printing establishment. Mr. Millikan had also been
a member of the Ohio Legislature, being twice elected to that body, besides
filling other responsible positions. He seems to have been the " Grand
Old Klan," editorially, of Ohio, and had lived so industriously, efficiently,
and honestly until patriarchial years that he had won the esteem and ven-
eration of a wide circle of friends and acquaintances. He was in a com-
fortable condition of health, though confined to his house, at the great age
of 98 years. He d. Dec. 7, 1904. See his portrait in this work. Eight
children of whom with 5th generation. See forw-ard.

2. Jesse L. Millikan^ (2), second son of John^ (1), b. in Delaware Co., O.,
July 3, 1808; m. Sarah Hartzell of Circleville, Pickaway Co., O., Nov.
29, 1832. He learned the tanner's trade, and carried on the tanning and
currying business at Washington Court House, at or near Cincinnati, ().,
and at South Bend, Ind. He also studied medicine and practiced during
his later years at Washington Court House. Mrs. Millikan d. at South
Bend, Ind., June 22, 1846. He d. at Washington Court House, O., Feb.
19, 1850. Eight children of whom with 5th generation.

3. Ann Wyatt Millikan-' (2), eldest daughter of John' (1), b. in Delaware
Co., O., Apr. 5, 1810; m. Nov. 22, 1833, William Harvey Blakemore.
After her father's d. she lived with her uncle, Jesse Millikan, at Washington
Court House, O. Mr. Blakemore \Yas a farmer and merchant. They lived
at Washington C. H., O., where he d. July 20, 1870, and she d. May 3,
1874. They had ten children named as follows:

L Manford S. Blakemore, b. Nov. 14, 1834; d. Feb. 22, 1834,
II. Keziah Clarissa Blakemore, b. March 6, 1836; m. May 26, 1856,


Horatio B. Maynard, a lawyer, of Washington Court House, O.
Eight children.

III. Amanda Josephine Blakemore, b. Sept. 24, 1837 ; m. June 27, 1870,
Charles Beery of Washington C. H., O. ; d. July 24, 1894. No

IV. Charles Carroll Blakemore, b. May 26, 1839; m. June 15,1865,
Jennie H. Cox, who d. Oct. 25, 1874. He m. Dec. 1881, Josephine
House. He was a gunsmith. Lived at Washington C. H., O., till
1883, when he removed to a ranch in Dawson Co., Mont., where he
d. June 14, 1884.

v. Millikan Blakemore, b. Apr. 5, 1841 ; d. Nov. 14, 1850?
VI. Francis Lee Blakemore, b. Dec. 24, 1842 ; m. Anna Dodge of
Boston, Mass., sister of Major Dodge of the U. S. army, and relative
of Gen. Dodge of Council Bluffs, la. He lived on a farm near
Plattsville, la., until the d. of his wife in 1889, when he went to
Blockton, la., where he now resides. He served in the Civil war as
aide on staff of Gen. Kilpatrick. Three children,
vii. Wyatt DeKalb Blakemore, b. Nov. 5, 1844 ; m. Mary Flick of
Taylor Co., la., where he is a prosperous farmer and stock raiser.
Residence, Blockton, la. Five children.
VIII. Emma Melissa Blakemore, b. Sept. 4, 1846; m. Nov. 28, 1867,
Watson E. Bonfoy. They lived at Zanesville, O., till 1872 ; now in
Conn. Four children.
IX, Mary Marcella Blakemore, b. Oct. 8, 1848; d. Sept. 7, 1850.
X. Anna Marilla Blakemore, b. Oct. 18, 1850; m. May 5, 1874,
Nathan Snyder, a photographer of Washington C. H. She d. in
San Francisco, Cal., Sept. 27, 1898. One child.

4. Nathaniel Wyatt Millikan'* (l), third son of John^ (1), b. in Marlborough
Township, Delaware Co., O., March 19, 1812 ; m. Elizabeth McCleave
Sexton, a daughter of William Sexton of Washington C. H., O. ; b. in Win-
chester, Va., Oct. 1826, He was a school teacher, studied law and was ad-
mitted to the bar at South Bend, Ind. in 1840. He went west and settled
on a farm in Lacon, Marshall Co., 111. Removed to Missouri in 1862, and
owned a farm near Rochester, Andrew Co., Mo. He d. Aug. 26, 1875, in
Sherman Township, DeKalb Co., Mo. His widow, when last heard from
(1904) was living with some of his children at Mayesville, Ks. There were
three sons and three daughters of whom with 5th generation.

5. John Millikan' (2), fourth son of John^ (1) and Ann Wyatt, b. 18 14 at his
grandfather Wyatt's house and there found a home until his death in 1824 ;
then went to live with his mother and stepfather on a farm in Delaware Co.,
O. In July 1826, he was bound out as an apprentice to learn the printer's
trade. In 1834, he went to Marion, O., to work in his brother William's
printing oflfice. In 1834 went to Washington C. H., to sell dry goods and
groceries in the store of his brother Jesse. In 1836 he was offered and ac-
cepted a position as salesman in a wholesale grocery store in Chillicothe,
O. He was soon taken ill and returned to his mother's home where he re-
mained till Feb. 14, 1837, when he joined his brother William in publishing
the South Bend Free Press. He sold his interest in that paper in 1844, and
in March 1845, bought out the Laporte Whig and moved to that place where



he was subsequently joined in that puhlii alion by his brother W'iHiain whom
he styles "one of the best men living."

lie m. Nov. 29, 1S39, Joaxna Rdysion Lkwis, dauj^hter of Daniel and
Ann (Minor) Lewis, at the residence of her father near South l!end, Ind.,
the ceremony performed by the Rev. A. Ilirrison of the M. K. church who
was a srrandson of President William ilenrv Harrison. His wife was b. in
C'ulpeper, \'a. They moved from South Bend to Laporte, Ind., in March
1845; to Chicago, 111., in May 1868; to Plymouth, Ind., in May 1872;
thence to Crown Point, Ind., where they now (1903) reside in Apr. 1877.
He published newspapers in all these places but ('hicajjjo. His wife d. in
Crown Point, .\pr. 14, 1891, and he is under the loving care of his daughter.
Much of his time is spent in reading and without glasses. He saws a little
wood for daily exercise and cultivates fruit and vegetables in summer. Says
he finds no time for worrv or complaining. He is a small man, weighing about
120 pounds. Retains his mental faculties and writes a good hantl. Is said
to resemble in a marked degree the late poet, Longfellow. See Mr. .Milli-
kan's portrait in this work. Three children of whom with 5th generation.


1. Samuel Millikan^ (5), eldest son of Jesse''(l), b., probably in Chilli-
cothe, O., June 3, 1811 ; m. Rhoda Pratt of Greenfield, Mass., who claimed
to be a descendant of the celebrated Indian chief. King Philip. He removed
from Washington C. H., O. to California in 1850, and d. soon after his ar-
rival, Nov. 29, 1850. Was buried at Aburn, in Placer Co. Mrs. Millikan
was living with her daughter, Mrs. Cox of Indianapolis, Ind., in 1895.
He was a well educated man with scholarly tastes. When quite young he
was private Secretary to one of the early Governors of Ohio. There were
five children all of whom with 5th generation.

2. Curran Millikan^ (1), second son of Jesse^ (1), b. in Chillicothe, O., June

3. 181 1 ; m. first, Catherine Heglar, in Apr. 1836. She d. Oct. i, 1838,
and he m. second, Apr. i, 1841, Elizabeth Rawlings, (b. May 4, 1816) of

Online LibraryG. T. (Gideon Tibbetts) RidlonHistory of the families Millingas and Millanges of Saxony and Normandy, comprising genealogies and biographies of their posterity surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken and Mullikin, A. D. 800-A. D. 1907; containing names of thirty thousand persons, with copious notes on → online text (page 87 of 109)