Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 43 of 73)
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have been
fuerint, they xoill

have been





1 Since the Principal Parts of all the Verhs in the Latin Text of this book
are given in the Vocabulary, it has not been thought necessary to extend this
outline by presenting either a List of Verbs or a discussion of the Stems.



§53]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



503



IMPERATIVE

Pres. es, be thou este, be ye



Fut.



esto, thou

shalt be
esto, he shall be



estote, ye shall be
sunto, they shall be



INFINITIVE
Pres. esse, to be
Per/, fuisse, to have been
Fut. futurus esse, or fore,
to be about to be

PARTICIPLE

futurus, about to be



Fut.

FIRST CONJUGATION
53. Verbs of the First Conjugation are inflected like amo, / love.
Principal Parts:

Pres. Indicative Pres. Infinitive Perf. Indicative Perf. Pass. Participle
Active, amo am&re amavi am&tus

Pres. Indicative Pres. Infinitive Perf. Indicative

Passive, amor am&rl amatus sum



Active Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD

Present Tense



singular
amo, Hove
amas, you love
amat, he



PLURAL

amamus, we love
amatis, you love
amant, they love



Imperfect



amabam, I was

loving
am abas, you were

loving
amabat, he was

loving



amabamus, we

were loving
amabatis, you

ivere loving
amabant, they

were loving



Future

amabo, I shall amabimus, we

love shall love

amabis, thou wilt, amabitis, you

you will, love will love

amabit, he will amabunt, they

love will love

Perfect
amavi, / have

loved, I loved



amavisti, you
have loved,
you loved

amavit, he has
loved, he loved



amavimus, we

have loved, we

loved
amavistis, you

have loved, you

loved
amaverunt, -ere,

they have loved,

they loved



Passive Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense
singular plural

I am loved, etc.
amor araamur

amaris or -re amamini

amatur amantur

Imperfect
I was loved, etc.
amabar amabamur

amabaris or -re ;i mabamini
amabatur amabantur



Future
I shall be loved, etc.
amabor amabimur

amaberis, or -re amabimini
amabitur amabuntur



Perfect
/ have been loved or i" was loved,


etc.


amatus (-a,

sum
amatus es
amatus est


-um)


amati (-ae,

sumus
amati estis
amati sunt


-a)



504



Companion to Caesar



[§53



Active Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD



Pluperfect
amaveram, I had

loved,
amaverfts, you

had loved
amaverat, he had

loved



amaverftmus, we

had loved
aniii veratis, you

had loved
am aver ant, they

had loved



Future Perfect

amavero, I shall

have loved
amaveris, you will

have loved
amaverit, he will

have loved



amaverimus, we
shall have loved

amaveritis, you
will have loved

amaverint, they
will have loved



Passive Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD

Pluperfect
/ had been loved, etc.
amatus erftm l amati eramus



amatus eras
amatus erat



amati eratis
amati erant



Future Perfect

I shall have been loved

amatus ero * amati erimus

amatus eris amati eritis

amatus erit amati erunt



SUBJUNCTIVE
Present
singular plural

J may love, let us love, etc.



SUBJUNCTIVE



amem


amemus


amis


a metis


amet


ament




Imperfect




I might love


amarem


amaremus


am ares


.■imaretis


amaret


amftrent



Perfect

/ may have loved

amav«rim amaverimus



amaveris
amaverit



amaveritis
amaverint



Pluperfect

/ might have loved

amavissem amavissemus

amavisses amavissetis

amavisset amavissent



Present



singular

I may
inner

am eris, or -re
ametur



PLURAL

loved, etc.

amemur
amemini
amentur



Tmperfect

/ might be loved

amarer amfiremur

amareris, or -re amaremini
amaretur nmarentur

Perfect

/ may have been loved

amatus sim - amati simus

amatus sis amutisitis

amatus sit amati sint

Pluperfect
J might have been loved
am&tUI essem- amati essemus



amatus esses
amatus esset



amati essetis
amati essent



1 In the Perfect Passive fui. fuisti. fuit, rtc, arc Mmetimee used for sum,
68, est, etc., and fueram, fueras, fuero, etc, for eram, ero. ste,

2 Here fuerim ; fueris,*fuissem, etc., are sometimes used for sim, essem, etc.



54]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



505



Active Voice
IMPERATIVE

Pres. amfi, love thou am ate, love ye
Fut. amfito, thou amfitote, ye

shaft love shall love

amato, he shall am an to, they

love shall love



INFINITIVE
Pres. am are, to love
Per/, amavisse, to have loved
Fut. amaturus esse, to be
about to love



Pres.
Fut.



Pres.
Fut.



Pres.
Per/.

Fut.



Passive Voice
IMPERATIVE

SINGULAR

am fire, be thou loved
amator, thou shalt be loved
amfitor, he shall be loved

PLURAL

amfimini, be ye loved
amantor, they shall be loved

INFINITIVE

amfiri, to be loved

amatus esse, to have been

loved
amatum iri, to be about to be

loved



PARTICIPLE

Pres. am fins, loving

(Gen. amantis)
Fut. amaturus, about to love

GERUND SUPINE



Ge n . am andl, of lov ing

Bat. amando, for loving

Ace. amandum, loving

Abl. amando, by loving



Perfect.
Gerundive.



PARTICIPLE

amatus, loved, having

been loved
amandus, to be loved,

worthy to be loved



Ace. amatum, to love

Abl. amatu, to love, to be loved



SECOND CONJUGATION

54. Verbs of the Second Conjugation are conjugated like moneo,
/ advise.

Principal Parts :

Pres. Indicative Pres. Infinitive Perf. Indicative Perf. Pass. Participle
Active, moneo monere

Pres. Indicative Pres. Infinitive

Passive, moneor moneri

Active Voice



INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense
singular plural

I advise, etc.



monui monitus

Perf. Indicative
monitus sum

Passive Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense
singular plural

/ am advised, etc.



moneo


monemus


moneor


monemur


mones


monetis


moneris or -re


monemini


monet


monent


monetur


monentur



506



Companion to Caesar



[§51



Active Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD

Imperfect

I was advising, or I advised, etc.

monebam monebamus

monebas monebatis

monebat monebant

Future

I shall advise

monebo monebimus

monebis monebitis

monebit monebunt

Perfect
/ have advised, or / advised
monul monuimus



monuisti

in on i lit



monueram

in (timer Ss
monuerat



monuifitis
monuerunt, or -ere

Pluperfect

/ had advised

iiKtiiiieramus
nidii ueratis
i in timer ant



Passive Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD

Imperfect

I was advised, etc.

monebar monebamur

monebaris, or -re monebamini
monebatur monebantur

Future

/ shall be advised

monebor \ monebimur

moneberis, or -re monebimini
monebitur monebuntur

Perfect
J have been advised, I was advised



raonitus sum

inoiiitus es
monitus est



moniti sumus
iiioiii 11 estis
moniti sunt



monitus eram
monitus eras
monitus erat



Pluperfect

/ had been advised

moniti eramus
moniti eratis
moniti erant



Future Perfect
I shall have advised



monuero
monueris
monuerit



monuerimus

monueritis

monuerint



Future Perfect
J shall have been advised



monitus ero
monitus eris
monitus erit



moniti erimus
moniti eritis
moniti erunt



SUBJUNCTIVE

Present
I may advise, let us advise, etc.
moneam moneamus



iiKtneas
mo neat



nioiieatis
moneant



SUBJUNCTIVE

Present
I may be advised, etc.



monear

nionearis, or -re
nioneatur



moneamur
nioneamini
moneantur



Imperfect

I might advise, you would advise

monerem moneremus

moneres moneretis

moneret monerent



Imperfect
/ might be advised
monerer moneremur

tnoiiereris. or -re moneremini
moneretur monerentur



54]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



507



Active Voice

SUBJUNCTIVE

Perfect

I may have advised, etc.

monuerim monuerimus

monueris monueritis

monuerit monuerint

Pluperfect

I might have advised, you would have

advised, etc.

monuissem monuissemus

monuisses monuissetis

monuisset monuissent



Passive Voice

SUBJUNCTIVE
Perfect
I may have been advised, etc.
rnonitus sim moniti slmus

mouitus sis moniti sitis

rnonitus sit moniti sint

Pluperfect
I might have been advised

rnonitus essem moniti essemus
rnonitus esses moniti essetis

rnonitus esset moniti essent



IMPERATIVE

Pres. mone, advise monete, advise

thou ye

Fut. moneto, thou monetote, ye

shalt advise shall advise

moneto, he monento, they

shall advise shall advise



IMPERATIVE

Pres. monere, be monemini, be ye
thou advised advised

Fut. monetor, thou
shalt be ad-
vised
monetor, he monentor, they
shall be ad- shall be ad-
vised vised



INFINITIVE PARTICIPLE

Pres. monere, to Pres. monens,
advise advising

Per/, monuisse, to (Gen. mo-

have advised nentis)

Fut. moniturus Fut. moniturus,
esse, to be about to

about to advise

advise



INFINITIVE PARTICIPLE



GERUND

Gen. monendi, of

advising
Bat. monendo, for

advising
Ace. monendum,

advising
Abl. monendo, by

advising,



SUPINE



.4cc. monitum,
to advise

Abl. monitu, to
advise, to
be advised



Pres. moneri, to be

advised
Perf. rnonitus esse,

to have been

advised
Fut. monitum iri,

to be about

to be advised



Perfect, rnoni-
tus, advised,
having been
advised

Gerundive, rao-
nendus, to be
advised,
worthy to
be advised



508



Companion to Caesar



[§55



THIRD CONJUGATION
55. Verbs of the Third Conjugation are inflected like reg6, / rule.
Principal Parts:



Pres. Indicative
Active. rego

Pres. Indicative
Passive. regor

Active Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD

Present Tense

I rule, etc.

8INGULAR PLURAL

rego regimus



Pres. Infinitive Perf. Indicative
regere rexi

Pres. Infinitive
regi



Perf. Pass. Partio.
rectus
Perf. Indicative
rectus sum



regis
regit


regitis
regunt




Imperfect


I io as ruling, or I ruled
regebam regebftmus
regebfts regebfttis
regebat regebant




Future




I shall rule


regam

reges

reget


regemus

regetis

regent




Perfect


/ have ruled, or / ruled


rexi

rexisti

rexit


reximus
rexistis
rexerunt, or -ere




Pluperfect




I had ruled


rexeram

rexerfts

rexerat


rexerftmus

rexerfttis

rexerant




Future Perfect




I shall have ruled


rexer5
rexeris
rcxerit


rexerimus

rexeritis

rexerint



Passive Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense
lam ruled, etc.

SINGULAR PLURAL



regor

regeris or -re
regitur



regimur
regimini
reguntur



Imperfect

/ ivas ruled
regebar regebftmur

regebfiris, or -re regebamini

regebfttur regebantur

Future
/ shall be ruled
regar regemur

regeris, or -re r.-emini

regetur rcgentur

Perfect
I have been ruled, or / tooj rn/rd
rectus sum recti sumus

rectus es recti estis

rectus est nvilsunt

Pluperfect
/ had been ruled

recti eramus



rectus eram
rectus eras
rectus erat



recti erfttis
recti erant



Future Perfect
I shall have been nihil
rectus ero recti erimus

rectus eris rc.iieritis

rectus erit recti erunt



§55]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



509



Active Voice

SUBJUNCTIVE

Present

/ may rule, let us rule, etc.



SINGULAR

regam

regfis

regat



regamus

regatis
regant



Imperfect
/ might rule, you would rule, etc.



regerem

regeres

regeret



regeremus

regeretis

regerent



Perfect
I may have ruled
rexerim rexerimus

rexeris rexeritis

rexerit rexerint

Pluperfect

J might have ruled, you would have
ruled



rexissem


rexissemus


rexisses


rexissetis


rexisset


rexissent


IMPERATIVE


Pres. rege, rule


regite, rule ye


thou




Fut. regito, thou


regitote, ye shall


shalt rule


rule


regit5, he


regunto, they


shall rule


shall rule



INFINITIVE



PARTICIPLE



Pres. regere, to Pres. regens, rul-
rule ing

Per/, rexisse, to {Gen. re-

have ruled gentis)

Fut. recturus esse, Fut. recturus,
to be about about to

to rule rule



Passive Voice
SUBJUNCTIVE

Present
/ may be ruled, etc.



singular

regar

reg&ris, or -re
regatur



regSmur
regSLminl
regantur



Imperfect

/ might be ruled, you would be ruled

regerer regeremur

regereris, or -re regeremini
regeretur regerentur

Perfect
I may have been ruled
rectus sim recti slums

rectus sis recti sitis

rectus sit recti sint

Pluperfect
I might have been ruled, you would
have been ruled
rectus essem recti essemus

rectus esses recti essetis

rectus esset recti essent

IMPERATIVE

Pres. regere, be regimini, be ye

thou ruled ruled
Fut. regitor, thou

shalt be

ruled
regitor, he reguntor, they

shall be shall be rulecl

ruled

INFINITIVE PARTICIPLE

Pres. regi, to be Perfect, rectus,
ruled ruled, having

been ruled

Per/, rectus esse, Gerundive

to have regendus, to be

been ruled, deserving

ruled to be ruled

Fut. rectum iri, to
be about to
be ruled



510



Companion to Caesar



(§53



Active Voice



GERUND

Gen. regendi, of ruling
Dat. regendo, for ruling
Ace. regendum, ruling
Abl. regendo, by ruling



SUPINE



Ace. rectum, to rule

Abl. rectu, to rule, to be ruled



56. Verbs in -io of the Third Conjugation have in the present sys-
tem forms in which -i- is followed by a vowel; these forms are like
the corresponding forms of the Fourth Conjugation. An example is
capio, / take.



Principal Parts:

Pres. Indicative
Active. capio

Pres. Indicative
Passive. capio r



Pres. Infinitive
capere

I'kks. Infinitive
capi



Active Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD

Present Tense



JUGULAR


PLURAL


capio


capimus


capis


capitis


capit


capiunt



Imperfect
capiebam . capiebamus

capiebas capiebatis

capiebat capiebant



capiara

capies

capiet



cepi

cepisti

cepit



ceperam

ceperas

ceperat



Future

capiemus

capietis

capient



Perfect



cepimus
eepistis
ceperunt or -ere



Pluperfect



ceperamus

ceperatis

ceperant



Future Perfect
ceper5 ceperimus

ceperis ceperitis

ceperit ceperint



Perf. Indicative
cepi

Perf. Indicative
captus sum



Perf. Pass. Partic.
captus



Passive Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD
Present Tense

singular plural

capior capimur

caperis, or -re capiraini

capita? capiuntur

Imperfect
capiebar
capiebaris
capiebatur



capiebamur
capiebamini
capiebantur

Future

capiemur
capiemini
capientur

Perfect

capti sumus
capti estis
capti sunt

Pluperfect
captus eram capti eramus

capti r nit is
capti erant

Future Perfect
captus erO capti erinms

capti eritis
capti erunt



capiar

capieris

capietur

captus sum
captus es
captus est



captus eras
captus erat



captus eris
captus erit



§57]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



511





Active Voice


Passive Voice




SUBJUNCTIVE


SUBJUNCTIVE




Present


Present


SINGULAR PLURAL


singular


PLURAL


capiam capiamus
capias capiatis
capiat capiant


capiar

capiaris, or -re
capiatur


capiamur
capiamini
capiantur




Imperfect


Imperfect


caperem caperemus
caperes caperetis
caperet caperent


caperer
cape re ris
caperetur


caperemur
capereminl
caperentur




Perfect


Perfect


ceperim ceperimus
ceperis ceperitis
ceperit ceperint


captus sim
captus sis
captus sit


capti simus
capti sitis
capti sint





Pluperfect


Pluperfect


cepissem *cepissemus
cepisses cepissetis
cepisset cepissent


captus essem
captus esses
captus esset


capti essem us
capti essetis
capti essent




IMPERATIVE


IMPERATIVE


Pres.
Fut.


cape capite
capito capitote
capito capiunto


Pres. capere

Fut. capitor

capitor


capimiui
capiuntor




INFINITIVE PARTICIPLE


INFINITIVE


PARTICIPLE


Pres.
Per/.
Fut.


capere Pres. capiens
cepisse (Gen. capientis)
capturus esse Fut. capturus

GERUND SUPINE


Pres. cap!
Per/, captus esse
Fut. captum Iri


Per/, captus
Ger. capien-
dus


Gen.
Dat.
Ace.
Abl.


capiendi

capiendo

capiendum Ace. captum

capiendo Abl. captu







57. a. Inflected like capio are its Compounds, accipio, con-
cipio, decipio, excipio, incipio, percipio, praecipio, recipio, and
suscipio.

b. The following verbs in -io, inflected like capio, are used by
Caesar: cupio, ardently desire, wish well to (I. 18, etc.); facio, do,
make, and its Compounds afficio, conficio, deficio, efficio, Inficio,
perficio, praeficio, proficio, reficio and sufficio ; elicio, entice (V.
50), fodio, dig (VII. 73) and its Compounds effodio (VII. 4), Infodio
(VII. 73), subfodio (IV. 12), transfodio (VII. 82) ; fugio, run away,



512



Companion to Caesar



[§58



and its Compounds confugio, dgfugio, effugio, perfugio, profugio*
and refugio ; iacio, throw, and its Compounds abicio, conicio, dSicio,
disicio, eicio. inicio. obicio, proicio, reicio, and subicio ; pario,
bring forth, gain (C. III. 82) ; two Compounds of quatio, shake,
discutio (VII. 8) and percutio (V. 44); five Compounds of rapid,
seize, arripio (V. 33), corripio, diripio, Sripio and praeripio ; sapid,
have sense (V. 30) ; allicio, attract (V. 55, VII. 31) ; and Compounds of
specio. look, conspicio, despicio. perspicio, prospicio, and respicio.
c. Similar in inflection to the Passive of capio are the following
Deponent Verbs in -ior used by Caesar: patior, suffer (inflected
below, 60), and its Compound perpetior (C. IIT. 47); morior, die
(1. 4, etc.) ; and the following Compounds of gradior, step : aggredior,
congredior, degredior, digredior, egredior, ingredior, praegredior,
progredior, and regredior.

FOURTH CONJUGATION

58. Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation are inflected like audio, 1
hear.



Principal Parts:

Pres. Indicative

Active. audio

Pres. Indicative

Passive. audior

Active Voice



Pres. Infinitive

audire
Pres. Infinitive

audiri



INDICATIVE MOOD

Present Tense

I hear, etc.

SINGULAR

audio



audis
audit



PLURAL

audimus

auditis

audiunt



Imperfect
/ was hearing, or J heard
audiebam audiebftmus
audiSbas audieb&tis

audiebat audiebant



Perf. Indicative

audivi
Perf. Indicative

auditus sum



Pekf. Pass. Partic.
auditus





Future




I shall hear


audiam


audiemus


audies


audietis


audiet


audient



Passive Voice

INDICATIVE MOOD

Present Tense

J am heard, etc.



SINGULAR


PLURAL


audior


audimur


audiris, or -re


audimini


auditur


audiuntur


Imperfect


I xoas


heard



audiebar audiebftmur

audiebariB, or -re audiebamini

audiebfitur uudiebantur

Future

/ ,s7/((// be heard

audiar , audiemur

audilria, or -re audiemini

audietur audientur



§58]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



513



Active VorcE
INDICATIVE MOOD
Perfect
I have heard, or J heard

audivi audlvimus

audlvist! audlvistis

audlvit audlverunt, or -ere

Pluperfect

I had heard

audiveram audiveramus
audiverSs audiveratis
audlverat audiverant

Future Perfect

/ shall have heard

audivero audlverimus

audiveris audiveritis

audiverit audiverint



Passive Voice
INDICATIVE MOOD

Perfect

J have been heard, or / toas heard

auditus sum audit! sumus

auditus es audit! estis

auditus est audit! sunt

Pluperfect

/ had been heard
auditus eram audit! eramus



auditus eras
auditus erat



audit! eratis
audit! erant



Future Perfect

i" shall have been heard

auditus ero audit! erimus



auditus eris
auditus erit



audit! eritis
audit! erunt



SUBJUNCTIVE

Present
J may hear, let us hear, etc.

SINGULAR PLURAL

audiam audiamus

audi&s audiatis

audiat audiant

Imperfect

J might hear, you would hear

audirem audiremus

audires audiretis

audiret audirent

Perfect

/ may have heard

audiverim audiverimus

audiveris audiveritis

audiverit audiverint

Pluperfect

I might have heard, you would

have heard

audlvissem audivissemus
audivisses audivissetis

audivisset audlvissent



SUBJUNCTIVE
Present
J may be heard, let us be heard, etc.

singular plural

audiar audiamur

audiaris, or -re audi&mini

audiatur audiantur

Imperfect
i" might be heard, you would be heard
audirer audiremur

audireris, or -re audiremin!
audiretur audirentur

Perfect
I may have been heard
auditus sim audit! simus

auditus sis audit! sitis

auditus sit audit! sint

Pluperfect

/ might have been heard, you

would have been heard

auditus essem audltl essemus

auditus esses audltl essetis

auditus esset audltl essent



514



Companion to Caesar



[§59



Active Voice




Passive Voice


IMPERATIVE




IMPERATIVE


Pres. audi, hear thou


audite, hear ye


Pres.


audire, be
thou heard


audimini, be ye
heard


Fut. audits, thou


auditote, ye


Fut.


auditor, thou




shalt hear


shall hear




shalt be
heard




audito, he


audiunto, they




auditor, he


audiuntor, they


shall hear


shall hear




shall be
heard


shall be heard


INFINITIVE


PARTICIPLE


INFINITIVE


PARTICIPLE


Pres. audire, to hear


Pres. audiens,


Pres.


audiri, to be


Perf. auditus.




hearing




heard


heard,


Per/, audivisse, to


(Gen.


Perf


auditus esse,


having


have heard


audien-




to have


been




tis)




been heard


heard


Fut. audlturus esse,


Fut. audlturus,


Fut.


auditum iri,


Ger. audiendus,


to be about


about to




to be about


to be


to hear


hear




to be heard


heard,
worthy to
be heard


GERUND


SUPINE








Gen. audiendi, of










hearing










Bat. audiendo, for










hearing










Ace. audiendum,


Ace. auditum,








hearing


to hear








Abl. audiendo, by


Abl. auditu, to








hearing


hear, to be heard





DEPONENT VERBS

59. a. The forms of Deponent Verbs are generally Passive, while
the meaning is Active.

b. The Passive meaning is found in the Gerundive of Deponent
Verbs, and sometimes in the Perfect Participle ; as dimenso, meas-
ured off (11. 19) ; dSpopulatls, having been ravaged (I. 11).

c. Deponent Verbs have in the Active form a Future Infinitive,
Present and Future Participles, Gerund, and Supine.

60. Deponent Verbs in the four conjugations are inflected, as hor-
tor, urge (\. 19) ; vereor, fear (T. 19) ; sequor, follow (I. 22), and
patior, suffer, allow (I. 6, 9) ; largior, give freely (I. 18) :



§60]



Essentials of Latin Grammar



515



INDICATIVE MOOD





First


Second


Third


Third


Fourth


Conjugation


Conjugation


Conjugation


Conj. in -ior


Conjugation


Pres.


hortor


vereor


sequor


patior


largior




hortaris, -re


vereris, -re


sequeris, -re


pateris, -re


largiris, -re




hortatur


veretur


sequitur


patitur


largitur




hortamur


veremur


sequimur


patimur


largimur




hortaminl


vereminl


sequiminl


patimini


largimini




hortantur


verentur


sequuntur


patiuntur


largiuntur


Imp.


hortabar, etc.


verebar, etc.


sequebar, etc.


patiebar, etc


. largiebar, etc.


Fut.


hortabor


verebor


sequar


patiar


largiar


Per/.


hortatus sum


veritus sum


secutus sum


passus sum


largitus sum


Plup.


hortatus eram


veritus eram


secutus eram


passus eram


largitus eram


F.P.


hortatus ero


veritus ero


secutus ero


passus ero


largitus ero






SUBJUNCTIVE






Pres.


horter


verear


sequar


patiar


largiar


Imp.


hortarer


vererer


sequerer


paterer


largirer


Per/.


hortatus sim


veritus sim


secutus sim


passus sim


largitus sim


Plup.


hortatus essem veritus essera secutus essen


i passus essera


i largitus essem






IMPERATIVE






Pres.


hortare


verere


sequere


patere


largire


Fut.


hortator


veretor


sequitor


patitor


largltor






INFINITIVE







Pres. hortari vereri sequi pati larglri

Per/, hortatus esse veritus esse secutus esse passus esse largitus esse
Fut. hortaturus esse veriturus secuturus passurus largiturus







PARTICIPLES






Pres.
Fut.
Per/.
Ger.


hortans
hortaturus
hortatus
hortandus


verens
veriturus
veritus
verendus


sequens
secuturus
secutus
sequendus

GERUND


patiens
passurus
passus
patiendus


largiens
largiturus
largitus
largiendus


Gen.
Bat.
Ace.
Abl.


hortandi
hortando
hortandum
hortando


verendl
verendo
verendum
verendo


sequendi
sequendo
sequendum
sequendo

SUPINE


patiendl
patiendo
patiendum
patiendo


largiendi
largiendo
largiendum
largiendo


Ace.
Abl.


hortatum
hortatu


veritum
veritu


secutum
secutu


passum
passu


largltum
largltu



516 Companion to Caesar [§6i

61. a. Of the Deponent Verbs used by Caesar, besides those pre-
viously mentioned, the most important are :

(1) First Conjugation, arbitror, think (I. 4), cohortor, urge on

(I. 25), conor, attempt (I. 3), consector, pursue (III. 19),
coiiBolor, reassure (I. 20), conspicor, catch sight of (I. 25),
cunctor, delay (III. 23), dominor, hold sway (II. 31), frii-



Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 43 of 73)