Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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u " " ' up:

a " "

' arm.'

i " " 'p*n.'

u " " ' singular.' *

a " "

' all.'

i " " 'unity.'*

u " " ' circws.' *

g " «


6 " " 'no:

U " " ' rude.'

e " "

' nu?t.'

O " " 'not.'

Tj" " 'Ml.'

The chief stress, or accent, is indicated by ', the secondary by "; but the sec-
ondary stress is not marked when separated from another stress by a single inter-
vening unstressed syllable, for in that case one naturally puts it in the proper

* The obscure unstressed vowels are in effect very much alike, but they differ
slightly according to the character of the adjoining consonants. They are most cor-
rectly sounded when one glides over them rapidly and naturally.



References to the Gallic War are printed thus: I. 7 (Book I, chapter 7); to
the Civil War, C. 1. 7.

English Derivatives of Latin words are inserted at the end of the definitions,
set off by a half-bracket, thus : [accuse.

* Implies that the form before which it stands is hypothetical.


= ablative.


= infinitive.


= absolute.


= intensive.


= accusative.


= interrogative.


a adjective.


= interjection.


= adverb, adverbial.


— intransitive.


= Bellum Civile,



— irregular.

Civil War.

u n.,

— line, lines.


= causative.


— literally.


= chapter.


- masculine.


= comparative.

n., neut.

- neuter.


= conjunction.


= -tote.


= dative.


= nominative.


= declension.


= numeral.


= defective.


= ordinal.


— demonstrative.

p., pp.

= page, P^es.


= deponent.


= participle.


= diminutive.


— passive.


— distributive.


= patronymic.


— exempli gratia

= for ex-


= person, personal.



= perfect.

et al.

= et alibi = and elsewhere.


— plural.

et seq.

= et sequentia =

and what


= positive.



= predicate.


= et cetera = and

so forth.


= preposition.


= exclamation.


= present.


= feminine.


= pronoun.


= frequentative.


— reflexive.


— future.


— relative.


= genitive.

semi-dep.= semi-deponent.


= id est = that is.


= singular.


= imperative.


= subjunctive.


= impersonal.


= superlative.


= imperfect.


= translate, or translation.


= inchoative.


= verb.


= indeclinable.


= vocative.


= indefinite.

I, 2, 3,

4 with verbs = 1st, 2d, 3d, or


— indicative.

4th conjugation.


A., with proper names, = Aulus.

a. d. = ante diem.

a, ab, abs, prep, with ab\.,from, away

from, out of; at, on ; of agency, with

the passive voice, by, on the part of;

of time, from, since, after. ab

utroque latere, on both sides.

a parvis, from childhood (vi. 21).
abditus, -a, -um, [part, of abdo],

adj., concealed, secluded, vi. 34.
abdo -dere, -didl, -ditus, [ab +

d5], 3, put away, remove ; conceal.

se abdere, to hide one's self
abduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus,

[ab -f diico], 3, withdraw; lead

away, take off (1. 11). [abduct.
abeo, -Ire, -ii, -iturus, [ab + eo],

vet., go away, depart, vi. 43; vii. 50.
abesse, see absum.
abicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [ab +

iaciS], 3, throw away, throw down;

hurl (v. 48). [abject.
abies, -ietis, i.,fir tree, spruce, v. 12.
abiungo, -iung-ere, -iunxi, -iunctus,

[ab -f iungo] , 3, unyoke ; separate,

part (vii. 56).
abscido, -cidere, -cidi, -cisus, [abs

+ caedo], 3, cut off (\\\. \\)\ lop

off, cutaway (vii. 73).
absens, [part, of absum], adj., absent.

se absente, in his absence, [absent
absimilis, -e, [ab + similis], adj.,

absisto, -sistere, -stiti, [ab -f

sisto], 3, withdrarv, go away.
abstineo, -tinere, -tinui, -tentus,

[abs + teneo], 2, hold back; re-

frain from (i. 22) ; spare, give
quarter (vii. 47). [abstain.

abstraho, -trahere, -traxl, -tractus,
[abs + traho], 3, drag away, drag
off, take away by force, [abstract.

absum, -esse, afui, afuturus, [ab
+ sum], irr., be distant, be absent or
away from; be wanting, be lacking.
longe abesse, to be far away. a
bello abesse, to be exempt from
military service (vi. 14). tot5
bell5 abessent, they took no part
in the entire war (vn. 63).

abundo, -are, -avi, [ab + undo,
from unda, wave\ 1, overflow;
abound in; be well provided with
(vn. 14, 64). [abundant.

abutor, -uti, -usus, [ab + utor], 3,
dep., use up, misuse ; waste (C. III.
90). [abuse.

ac, see atque.

accedo, -cedere, -cessi, -cessurus,
[ad + cedo], 3, come to, draw near,
approach ; be added, [accede.

accelero, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad 4-
celero, from celer], 1, make haste,
hasten. VII. 87. [accelerate.

acceptus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of accipio], adj.,
acceptable, welcome, dear. i. 3.

accido, -cidere, -cidi, [ad + cado] ,
3, fall (ill. 14, 25) ; happen, occur,
turn out ; befall, fall to the lot of.
Impers., accidit, it happens, [ac-

accido, -cidere, -cidi, -cisus, [ad +
caedo], 3, cut into. vi. 27.

accipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptus,
[ad + capio], 3, take to one's self



receive, accept; hear of, learn;
incur (vii. 17). [accept.

acclivis, -e, [ad, cf. clivus], adj.,
sloping ; up-hill, rising.

acclivitas -tatis, [acclivis], f., up-
ward slope, ascent, ii. 18. [accliv-

Acco, -onis, m., (ak' 0), a leader
among the Senones. vi. 4, 44; vii. 1.

accommodatus, -a, -urn, comp.
-ior, sup. -issimus, [part, of ac-
commodo], adj., suited, adapted.
in. 13. [accommodate.

accommodo, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad
+ commodo, from commodus],
I, adjust, put on. ii. 21.

accurate, comp. -ius, sup. -issime,
[accuratus], adv., carefully.
Comp., with greater pains (vi. 22).

accurro, -currere, -cucurri, or
-curri, -cursum est, [ad +
curr5], 3, run to (iii. 5), hasten to
(i. 22).

accuso, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad +
causa], 1, call to account, find fault
with ; reproach, accuse, [accuse.

acer, acris, acre, comp. acrior, sup.
acerrimus, adj., sharp ; of fighting,
fierce (C. III. 72). [acrid.

acerbe, comp. acerbius, sup. acer-
bissime, [acerbus], adv., bitterly.
si acerbius inopiam ferrent, if
they found the scarcity too severe
(vii. 17).

acerbit&s, -tatis, [acerbus], f., bit-
terness, sourness ; pi., sufferings (vii.
17). [acerbity.

acerbus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [acer], adj., bitter, harsh.

acerrime, sec acriter.

acervus, -I, m., heap, pile. ii. 32.

Achillas, -ae, [*A\tXXd«, 'A\iX-
\€t»s], m., Achillas (a-kil' as), an
official under the young King Ptolemy
of Egypt in 49 B.C., one of the slay-
ers of Pompey. C. IB. 104.

acies, -el, f., edge ; of the eye, keen look
(i.39) ; of an army, line of battle,
line, army in battle array, battle.

acquiro, -quirere, -quisivi. -quisi-
tus, [ad + quaerS], 3,get in addi-
tion ; gain further (vii. 59). [ac-

acriter, comp acrius, sup. acer-
rime, [acer], adv., sharply, fiercely,
with vigor, courageously. cum
acriter resisteretur, ivhen a vig-
orous resistance was offered (v,

actuarius, -a, -um, [ago], adj., easily
driven, swift. navis actuaria,
swift vessel, driven by oars as well
as sails, v. 1. [actuary.

actus, see ago.

Acutius. -1, m., Acutius Rufus
(a-ku'sh(y)us ru' fus), a partizan of
Pompey. C. III. 83.

acutus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of acu5, sharpen],
adj., sharpened, sharp, [acute.

ad, prep, with ace, to, tenvards, up to ;
of place, in the vicinity of, at, near to,
by, in the presence of, among, on ; of
time, till, to, up to, until ; of pur-
pose, especially with the gerundive
constr., for, in order to, for the
purpose of, in ; of other relations,
with regard to, according to, in re-
spect to, in consequence of, as to,
in; with words of number, with
adverbial force, about, ad hunc
modum, after this manner, ad
unum, to a man. ad exercitum
manere, to remain with the army
( v - 53).' ad virtutem, in respect
to valor. (C. II. 6).

adactus, see adig-o.

adaequo, are, -avi, -atus, [ad +
aequo], 1, make equal to, bring up
to a level with (ill. 1 2); be equal to,
keep up with (i. 48), keep abreast of
(v. 8). [adequate.



adamo, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad +

amo], i, conceive a love for, covet,

i. 31.
Adbucillus, -I, m., (ad-bu-sil' us), an

Allobrogian, father of Roucillus and

Egus. C. 111. 59.
addo, -dere, -didi, -ditus, [ad + do],

3, add, join to; lay on (vii. 23).

adduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus,

[ad + duco], 3, lead to, bring, bring

up to a place; lead, draw ; induce,

prevail upon, [adduce.
ademptus, see adimo.
adeo, -Ire, -il, -itum est, [ad + eo],

\xx.,go to, come near, draw near, ap-
proach; reach, visit.
adeo, [ad + ©0, from is], adv., so

far, to such a degree ; so, so much.
adeptus, see adipiscor.
adequito, -are, -avi, [ad -f equito,

from eques], I, ride towards ; ride

up to (i. 46).
adhaeresco, -haerescere, -haesi,

[ad + haeresco], 3, stick, adhere ;

remain clinging (v. 48).
adhibed, -hibere, -hibui, -hibitus,

[ad + habeo], 2, hold toward ;

bring forward, bring in, call in,

summon, admit ; use, employ.
adhortor, -ari, -atus, [ad+ hortor],

I, dep., encourage, rally, exhort,

rouse, urge.
adhuc, [ad + hue], adv., hitherto,

until now, as yet. iii. 22.
adiaceo, -iacere, -iacul, [ad +

•iaceo], 2, lie near, border upon, be

adjacent, vi. t>2>' [adjacent.
Adiatunnus, -I, m., (a" di-a-tun'

us), a leader of the Sotiates. iii.

adicio, -icere, -ieel, -iectus, [ad 4-

iacio], 3, throw to, hurl ; throw up ;

join to, add.
adigo, -ig-ere. -eg-i, -actus, [ad +

ago], 3, drive {to), drive in; of

missiles, cast, hurl {to) ; of piles,
drive home (iv. 17); of a tower,
move tip (v. 43); of an oath, bind
(vii. 67, C. 1. 76).

adimo, -imere, -emi, -emptus,
[ad + emo], 3, take away (v. 6,
C. 1. 7); cut off (vii. 81).

adipiscor, -ipisci, -eptus, [ad +
apiscor, reach~\, 3, dep., gain, ob-
tain, secure, v. 39. [adept.

aditus, -us, [adeo], m., approach,
access ; zvay of approach, means of
access; pi. landing-places (IV. 20).

adiudico, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad +
iudico], 1, aivard by judicial deci-
sion, adjudge, vii. 37. [adjudicate.

adiungo, -iungere, -iunxi, -iunctus,
[ad + iungo], 3, join to, attach;
add, unite with; annex. [adjunct.

adiutor, -oris, [adiuvo], m., helper,
confederate (v. 38) ; mediator (v. 41).

adiuvo, -iuvare, -iiivi, adiutus,
[ad + iuvo], 1 , help, assist, support ;
render assistance, be of assistance.

Admagetobriga, -ae, f., (ad' r ma-
je-tob' ri-ga), a place in Gaul. i. 31.

administer, -tri, [ad + minister],
m., assistant, helper; officiating priest
(vi. 16).

administro, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad
+ ministro], I, render assistance ;
manage, carry on, administer; ar-
range for, get ready ; of orders,
execute, carry out. [administer.

admiror, -ari, -atus, [ad + miror],
1, dep., wonder at, be surprised at ;
admire, [admire.

admisceo, -ere, admiscui, admix-
tus, [a + misceo], 2, mingle
with, mix with. C. ill. 48. [admix.

admitto, -mittere, -misi, -missus,
[ad + mitto], 3, let go ; admit, re-
ceive; become guilty of, commit;
incur (iv. 25, C. in. 64). f acinus
admittere to commit a crime, ad-



missis equis, 7vith their horses at
top speed, lit. let go (C. II. 34).

admodum, [ad + ace. of modus],
adv., lit. up to the measure; quite,
very ; with numbers, fully, at least.

admoned, -ere, -ul, -itus, [ad +
moneS], 2, warn, [admonish.

admomtus, -as, [admoneo], m.,
suggestion, advice. C. in. 92.

adno, -nare, [ad + no, szuim], *i,
swim to. C. 11. 44.

adolesco, -olescere, -olevi, -ultus,
[ad + olesco, grow~], 3, grow up,
reach maturity, vi. 18. [adolescent.

adorior, -oriri, -ortus, [ad + orior],
4, dep.,fall upon, attack, assail.

adortus, pf. part, of adorior, having
attacked, attacking.

adsum, -esse, affui, [ad + sum],
irr., be at hand, be present; assist,
help (vii. 62).

adulescens, -entis, [adolesco], adj.,
young. As noun, m., young man,

adulescentia, -ae, [adulescens], f.,
youth, i. 20 ; C. 11. 38. [adoles-

adulescentulus, -i, [dim. of adules-
cens], m., very young man, strip-
ling, iii. 21.

adventua, -us, [advenio], m., com-
ing, approach, arrival, [advent.

adversarius, -a, -um, [adversor],
adj., opposed. As noun, adversa-
rius, -i, m., opponent, enemy, [ad-

adversus, -a, -um, sup. -issimus,
[part, of adverts], adj., turned to-
wards, fronting, in front, facing,
opposite; unfavorable, adverse, un-
successful. adversS flumine, up
the stream (vii. 60). in adversum
6s, full in the face (v. 35). res
adversae, misfortune, disasters (vii.
30). [adverse.

adversus, [adverto], prep, with ace.
only, opposite to ; against (iv. 14).

adverto, -tere, -ti, -sus, [ad -f
vertS], 3, turn to, direct, animum
adverto, notice, observe, [advert.

advoco, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad -f
voco], 1, call. vii. 52. [advocate.

advolo, -are, -avi, [ad + volS, fly],
1, fly to ; hasten to, rush upon.

aedificium, -i, [aediflco], n., build-
ing, [edifice.

aedifico, -are, -avi. -atus, [aedes,
building, -f fac, in faciS], 1, build,

Aeduus, -a, -um, adj., Aeduan. As
noun, Aeduus, -i, m., an Aeduan ;
pi., Aeduans, the Aedui, (ed'ii-i or
e]' u-I), a Gallic people, between the
upper waters of the Sequana (Seine)
and the Liger (Loire), in alliance
with the Romans before Caesar's ar-
rival in Gaul and prominent through-
out the Gallic War.

aeger, -gra, -grum, adj., sick. As
noun, aegri. -orum, m., pi., the sick
(v. 40, C. in. 75).

aegerrime, see aegr§.

aegrg, comp. aegrius, sup. aeger-
rime, [aeger], adv., with difficulty,
scarcely, hardly, aegerrime, with
the greatest difficulty (i. 13).

Aegyptus, -i, [Atyvirros], f., Egypt.
C. III. 104.

Aemilius, -i, m., Lucius Aemilius
(e-mil' i-us), a decurion in charge of
a squad of Gallic cavalry, i. 23.

aequaliter, [aequalis, equal], adv.,
evenly, uniformly, ii. 18.

aequinoctium, -i, [aequus + nox],
n., equinox, iv. 36; v. 23. [equinox.

aequitas, -tatis, [aequus], f..
ness ; justness, fairness. animi
aequitas, contentment (vi. 22).

aequo, -are, -avi, -atus, [aequus],
I, equalize, make equal, [equate.



aequus, -a, -um, comp. aequior, sup.
aequissimus, adj., level, even, flat ;
fair, just, equitable; like, equal;
favorable, advantageous. aequS
animo, with tranquil mind, without

aeraria, -ae, [aerarius, of copper], f.,
copper mine. iii. 21.

aerarium, -I, [aerarius, of copper],
n„ the public treasury in Rome, the
treasury. C. I. 6.

aeratus, -a, -um, [aes, through
*aero, -are], adj., sheathed with
copper or bronze. C. II. 3.

aes, aeris, n., copper ; bronze, an alloy
of copper and tin; money. aes
alienum, (lit., another 's money),
debt (vi. 13).

aestas, -tatis, f., warm season, sum-

aestimatio, -onis, [aestimS], f., val-
uation, appraisement, [estimation.

aestimo, -are, -avi, -atus, [aes], 1,
value, appraise, estimate; regard,
consider, [estimate.

aestivus, -a, -um, [aestas], adj., of

aestuarium, -1, [aestus], n., place
overflowed at high tide, {salt) marsh.
ii. 28; iii. 9. [estuary.

aestus, -us, m., heat ; tide.

aetas, -tatis, f., age, time of life ; old
age. aetate confectus, advanced
in years, puerilis aetas, age of
childhood. per aetatem, by rea-
son of age.

aeternus, -a, -um, [for *aeviter-
nus, from aevum], adj., everlast-
ing, perpetual, vii. 77. [eternal.

Aetolia, -ae, [AlrwXla], f., (e-to'li-a),
a province of Greece, south of
Epirus. C. in. 61.

affero, -ferre, attuli, allatus, [ad -f-
fero], irr., bring, convey, deliver;
bring forward, allege ; produce,
cause, occasion, [afferent.

afficio. -flcere, -feci, -fectus, [ad +

facio], 3, do something to, treat, use ;

visit with, afflict, trouble, weaken,

impair ; treat with kindness, place

under obligation (i. 35; vii. 37);

visit with punishment (1. 27); fill

with joy (v. 48). [affect.
affigo, -figere, -fixi, -fixus, [ad +

figo], 3, fasten to. iii. 14. [affix.
affingo, -flngere, -finxi, -fictus, [ad

+ fingo], 3, fashion; of a report,

embellish (vii. 1).
affinitas, -tatis, [af finis, from ad +

finis], f., relationship by marriage,

kinship, connection, [affinity.
affirmatio, -onis, [affirmo], f., as-
surance, vii. 30. [affirmation.
af fixus, see affigS.
afflicto, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of

affligo], 1, shatter, damage (iv. 29);

strand, wreck (iii. 12).
affligo, -fligere, -flixi, -flictus, [ad

+ fligo, strike], 3, dash against;

throtv down, knock down ; shatter,

damage, [afflict.
affore (= affuttirus esse), future

infinitive of adsum.
Afranius, -1, m., Lucius Afranius,

(a-fra/ ni-us), a lieutenant of Pompey

defeated by Caesar in Spain in 49 B.C.
_ C. in. 83, 88.

Africa, -ae, f., (af'ri-ka), the Roman
_ province of Africa. C. 11. 37.
Africus, -a, -um, [Africa], adj., of

Africa. As noun, Africus, -1, m.

(originally sc. ventus), southivest

wind {v. 8).
afuisse, afuturus, see absum.
Agedincum, -i, n., (aj-e-ding' kum),

chief city of the Senones, now Sens.
ager, agri, m., land under cultivation,

field, territory, domain ; pi. lands,

territory, country, the country.
agger, -geris, [aggero, ad 4- ger5],

m., that which is brought to a place,

material for an embankment, filling



of earth and timber; earth; em-
bankment, mound, dike; rampart.
aggerem exstruere, to build a
rampart (vii. 72). multo aggere,
with much earth (vii. 23).

aggredior, -gredi, -grressus, [ad +
grradior, walk, go~\, 3, dep., ap-
proach ; go against, attack, fall upon.

aggrego, -are, -avi, -atus, [ad -f
grego, from grex, flock\, I, bring
together, join, se aggregate, to
place one's self with (iv. 26), to
join one's self to (vi. 12). [aggre-

agito, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of
ago], 1, drive onward, impel ; stir
up, discuss (vii. 2). [agXate.

agmen, -minis, [ago], n., army on
the march, marching column ; line of
march, agmen claudere, to bring
up the rear (1. 25, II. 19). novis-
simum agmen, the rear, primum
agmen, the van. in agmine, on
the march (iii. 24, vii. 66).

agnosco, -ere, agnSvi, [ad +
gnSsco], 3, recognize. C. 11. 6.

ago, agere, egi, actus, 3, set in mo-
tion, drive, move forward ; direct,
conduct, guide; incite, urge ; press
forward, chase, pursue ; drive off as
plunder, rob ; do, act, transact, per-
form ; manage, carry on, accomplish ;
treat, discuss, confer, plead with ; of
time, spend, pass, live ; of court, hold ;
of sheds and towers, bring up.
gratias agere, to thank, [act.

alacer, -cris, -ere, comp. alacrior,
adj., lively ; eager, in high spirits.

alacritas, -tatis, [alacer], f., liveli-
ness ; enthusiasm, [alacrity.

alarius, -a, -um, [ala, wing], adj., of
the wing. As noun, alarii, -5rum,
m., pi., auxiliary troops posted on the
wings, wing-men.

Albici, -Srum, m., pi , (al' bj-sl), a

small warlike people living north of
Massilia. C. 11. 6.

albus, -a, -um, adj., while, plum-
bum album, tin (v. 12). [album.

alces, -is, f., moose, European elk. vi.

Alesia, -ae, f., (a-le'sh[y]a or a-le'zh
[y]a), chief city of the Mandubians,
now Alise-Sainte-Reine. vii. 68-90.

Alexandria, -ae, ['A\e£&p8p€ia~], f.,
(al-eg-zan' dri-a), capital of Egypt.
C. in. 103, 104.

all-, the form of alius in composition.

alias, [alius], adv., at another time.
alias . . . alias, at one time . . . at
another, sometimes . . . sometimes,
now . . . now. [alias.

alieno, -are, -avi, -atus, [alienus],
1, alienate, estrange. alienata
mente, deprived of reason (vi. 41)

alienus, -a, -um, [alius], adj., belong-
ing to another, another's ; strange,
foreign ; unsuitable, unfavorable, dis-
advantageous. As noun, alienis-
simi, -orum, sup., m., pi., entire
strangers (vi. 31). [alien.

alio, [alius], adv., to another place,
elsewhere, vi. 22.

aliquamdiu, [aliqui, did], adv., for
some time, for a zvhile.

aliquando, [all- -f quandO], adv., at
some time or other, sometime; at
length (vii. 27, 77).

aliquantus, -a, -um, [all- -f quan-
tus], adj., some, considerable.
Neut., aliquantum, as noun, a lit-
tle, somewhat. aliquantum iti-
neris, some distance (v. 10).

aliqui, aliqua, aliquod, [all- + qui],
indefinite pronominal adj., some, any,
some other,

aliquis (rarely aliqui), aliqua, ali-
quid, nom. and ace. pi., n., aliqua,
[all- 4- quis], indefinite pron., some
one, any one, anybody ; pi., some, any



Neut., aliquid, something, somewhat,
anything. aliquid calamitatis,
some disaster (v. 29).

aliquot [ali- + quot], num. adj., in-
decl., some, several.

aliter, [alis, alius], adv., otherwise,
differently. aliter ac, otherwise
than, different from what.

alius, -a, -ud, dat. alii, adj., another,
some other, other, different, else,
alius . . . alius, one . . . another,
the one . . .the other ; pi., alii . . . alii,
some . . . other ; often as noun,
alius, another, alii, others, long-e

. alius atque, very different from.

allatus, see affero.

allicio, -licere, -lexi, [ad + lacio
entice~\, 3, attract, allure.

Figure 192. — Coin of the Allobroges.

Silver. Reverse, horned animal gallop-
ing ; underneath, a wheel.

Allobroges, -um, (ace. Allobro-
gas, i. 14, vii. 64), m., pi., (a-lob'
ro-jez), a Gallic people in the north-
eastern part of the Province. Ace.
sing., Allobrog-em, an Allobrogian
(C. ill. 84). Fig. 192.

alo, alere, alui, altus, 3, nourish, in-
crease ; maintain, keep ; rear, foster,

Alpes, -ium, 3, f., pi., Alps, general
term for the mountains separating
Cisalpine Gaul from Transalpine
Gaul and Germany.

alter, -era, -erum, gen. alterius or
alterius, adj., often with the force
of a noun, one of two, the other, an-
other ; second. alter . . . alter,

the one . . . the other. alter!

. . . alteri, the one division, the one

party . . .the other, [alter.
alternus, -a, -um, [alter], adj., in

turn, alternate, vii. 23. [alternate.
alteruter, -tra, -trum, pronominal

adj., either of tivo. C. in. 90.
altitudo, -inis, [altus], f., height,

depth ; of a beam, thickness (Hi. 13).

altus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup. -issi-

mus, [part, of al5], adj., high, deep.

As noun, altum, -i, n., the deep, the

open sea.
aluta, -ae , f., soft leather, iii. 1 3.
am-, see ambi-.
ambactus, -I, m., vassal, dependant.

vi. 15.
Ambarri, -orum, m., pi., (am-bar' ri),

a people east of the Arar (Saone),

near its junction with the Rhone.

i. 11, 14.
ambi-, amb-, am-, an-, prep, found

only in composition, round about,

Ambiani, -orum, m., pi., (am-bi-a'nl),

a small state in Belgic Gaul. Fig.


Figure 193. — Coin of the Ambiani.

Gold. Crude imitation of a Greek coin
with a head of Hercules and a four-horse
chariot. Underneath the chariot, imitation of
the Greek name, " Of Philip."

Ambibarii, -orum, m.,pl. (am-bi-ba'

ri-i), a small state on the northwest

coast of Gaul. vii. 75.
Ambiliati, -orum, m., pi., (am"bi-li'

a-ti), a small state in Central Gaul.

iii. 9.




Ambiorix, -Ig-is, m., (am-bi'o-riks),a
leader of the Eburones, who de-
stroyed the Roman force under
Sabinus and Cotta, and inspired the
attack on Cicero's camp.

Ambivareti, -Srum, m., pi., (am-bi-
var' e-ti), a people in Central Gaul,
clients of the Aeduans.

AmbivaritT, -orum, m., pi. (am-bi-
var'i-ti), a small state in Belgic Gaul,
iv. 9.

ambo, -ae, -5, [cf. ambi-], adj., often
used as noun, both. v. 44, C. II. 6.

amentia, -ae, [amens, from a +
mens], f., madness, folly.

ammentum, -i, n., thong, strap, for
hurling a dart. v. 48.

amicitia, -ae, [amicus], f., friend-
ship ; of a state, friendship, alliance.

amicus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [amo], adj., friendly,
faithful, well-disposed, [amicable.

amicus, -I, [amo], m., friend, ally.

amitto, -mittere, -misi, -missus, [a
+ mittS], 3, send away ; let go, Ut
slip, lose.

amor, -oris, [a,vao],m., affection, love.

amplifier, -are, -avi, -atus, [am-
plus -f facio], 1, make large, in-
crease, extend, [amplify.

Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 57 of 73)