Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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perdo, destroy], 3, lose.
depereo, -ire, -ii, -iturus, [de -f

pereo], irr., be destroyed (v. 23); be

lost, perish (vii. 31, C. III. 87).
depond, -pSnere, -posui, -positus,

[de + pon5], 3, lay aside, lay down,

place; give up, resign (vii. 33).

[deposit.
depopulor, -arl, -atus, [d§ + popu-

lor], I, dep., lay waste, plunder;

part, depopulatus, pass., laid

waste, devastated (i. 11 ; vii. 77).

[depopulate.
deporto, -are, -avi, -atus, [dS +

porto), 1, remove, iii. 12. [deport.
deposed, -poscere, -poposci, [dS-f

poscS], 3, demanii, earnestly dtsire.
depositus. sin- depSnO.
dgpravo, -are, -avi, -atus, [d§, pra-

vus], 1, distort, corrupt, [deprave.
deprecator, -Sris, [deprecor], m.,

intercessor, mediator, [deprecator.



deprecor



35



destituo



deprecor, -ari, -atus, [de + precor,
pray], I, dep., pray to be delivered
from, beg to escape ; ask for quarter,
beg for mercy (iv. 7, vi. 4). [dep-
recate.

deprehendo, -hendere, -hendi,
-hensus, [de + prehendo], 3,
catch, seize ; surprise.

deprehensus, see deprehendo.

deprimo, -primere, -pressi, -pres-
sus, [de + premo], 3, press down ;
sink (C. 11. 6, 7, 43). [depress.

depugnS, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +
pug-no], l, fight decisively, fight it
out (vii. 28).

depulsus, see depello.

derecte, comp. -ius, [derectus],
adv., directly, straight up and down
(iv. 17).

derectus, -a, -um, [part, of derig-S],
adj., laid straight, straight ; straight
up and down, perpendicular . [direct.

derigS, -rigere, -rexi, -rectus, [de
-f- reg-o], 3, lay straight ; of a line
of battle, draw up, form (vi. 8).
[dress.

derivo, -are, -avi, -atus, [de -f
rivus, brook\, 1, draw off, turn aside.
vii. [derive.

derogo, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +
rogo], 1, withdraw, vi. 23. [dero-
gate.

descends, -scendere, -scendi, de-
scensum est, [de + scando,
clitnb~\, 3, come down, descend ; with
ad and the ace., resort to, stoop to.
[descend.

deseed, -care, -cui, -ctus, [de +
sec5], I, cut off. vii. 4.

desero, -serere, -serui, -sertus, [de
+ sero, Join'], 3, leave, abandon,
desert, [desert.

desertor, -oris, [desero], m., de-
serter, runaway, vi. 23.

desertus. see desero.

desertus, ..'i, -um, comp. -ior, sup.



-issimus, [part, of desero), adj.,
deserted, solitary, v. 53.

desidero, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, wish
for, want, long for, miss ; lack, lose ;
pass, often, especially of soldiers, be
missing, be lost, [desideratum.

desidia, -ae, [deses, idle, cf. de-
sideo], f., indolence, idleness, vi. 23.

designd, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +
signS, mark], 1, point out ; indicate,
evidence (C. HI. 96); designate (1.
18). [designate.

desilio, -silire, -silui, -sultus, [de +
salio, leap], 4, leap down, jump
down ; from horses, dismount.

desisto, -sistere, -stiti, -stiturus,
[de + sisto], 3, leave off, cease ;
desist from, stop, give up. desis-
tere sententia, to give up the notion
(vi. 4). [desist.

despectus, see despicio.

despectus, -us, [despicio], m., a
looking down from an elevation,
view.

desperatio, -onis, [desperS], f.,
despair, hopelessness, [desperation.

desperatus, -a, -um, comp. -ior,
sup. -issimus, [part, of despero],
adj., without hope, beyond hope, des-
perate, vii. 3. [desperate.

desperS, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +
spero], 1, give up hope of, despair
of have no hope of. [despair.

despicio, -spicere , -spexi, -spectus,
[de + specio, look], 3, look down
upon ; despise, disdain, [despise.

despoliS, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +
spolio], 1, despoil, rob. ii. 31.
[despoil.

destinS, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, make
fast, bind, stay. operi destinati,
detailed for the work (vii. 72).
[destine.

destituo, -stituere, -stitui, -stitu-
tus, [de -f statuS], 3, desert, aban-
don, leave, i. 16. [destitute.



destrictus



36



diduco



destrictus, see destringS.
dSstringo, -stringere, -strinxi,

-strictus, [de + strings, pluck

°ff\ 3> unsheathe, draw. i. 25; vii.

12.
desum, deesse, defui, [de-f-sum],

irr., be wanting, fail, be lacking.
desuper, [de + super], adv., from

above, i. 52.
detendo, -ere, , detensus, [de

+ tendS], 3, relax; of tents, strike

(C. in. 85).
deterior, -us, comp., sup. deterri-

mus, [de], adj., worse, poorer ; of

less value (i. 36). [deteriorate.
deterreo, -terrere, -terrui, -terri-

tus, [de + terreo], 2, frighten off,

prevent, deter ; repress (v. 7). de-

terrere ne, qu6 minus, or quin,

to prevent from, [deter.
detestor, -ari, -atus, [de + testor],

I, dep., curse, execrate, [detest.
detineo,-tinere,-tinui,-tentus, [de

+ tene5], 2, hold back. iii. 12.

[detain.
detractus, see detrahS.
detraho, -trahere, -traxi, tractus,

[de + trah6], 3, draw off, take off ;

take away, remove, [detract.
detrecto, -are, -avi, -atus, [de +

tract5], 1, avoid, vii. 14.
detrimentosus, -a, -una, [detri-

mentum], adj., hurtful, detri-
mental, vii. t ) t ) .
detrimentum, -i, [de, cf. ter6, wear

away~\, n., loss, damage, injury;

loss in war, repulse, reverse, defeat.

quid detrimenti, any harm (C.

1. 7). [detriment.
deturbo, -are, -avi, -atus, [dS +

turb6, disturb], 1, force back in dis-
order, dislodge, v. 43; vii. 86.
deuro, -urere, -ussl, -ustus, [dS +

ur6], 3, burn up. vii. 25.
deus, -I, m., god. [deity.
deveho, -vehere, -vexi, -vectus,



[de + veh5], 3, carry away,
remove, convey.

dgvenio, -venire, -veni, -venttlrus,
[de + veniS], 4, come. ii. 21.

devexus, -a, -um, [devehO], adj.,
sloping. As noun, devexa, n., pi.,
sloping places, slopes (vii. 88).

devinco, -vincere, -vici, -victus,
[de + vincS], 3, conquer completely,
subdue, vii. 34, C. ill. 87.

devoco, are, -avi, -atus, [d§ +
voc5], 1, call a7vay. in dubium
devocare, to risk, endanger (vi. 7).

devotus, [part, of devoveS], adj.,
bound by a vow. As noun, devoti,
-5rum, m., pi., faithful followers
(iii. 22).

devoveo, -vovere, -v5vi, -vStus,
[de + voveS], 2, vow, devote (iii.
22) ; offer to the gods, consecrate
(vi. 17). [devote.

dexter, -tra, -trum, adj., right.
[dexterous.

dextra, -ae, [dexter, sc. manus],
f., right hand. i. 20.

Diablintes, -um, m., pi., (dl-a-
blin'tez), a small people in north-
western Gaul, probably a division of
the Aulerci. iii. 9.

dicio, -onis, pi. and nom. sing, not
in use, f., sxvay, sovereignty, author-
ity, lordship, i. 31, 33J «• 34-

dico, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, dedicate;
devote, offer (vi. 12, 13).

dico, dicere, dixi, dictus, 3, say,
converse, speak ; mention, tell, utter ;
appoint; of a case, plead; of a day,
set.

dictio, -6nis, [dic5], f., speaking;
pleading (i. 4). [diction.

dictum, -i, [dic5], n., saying, word;
command, order. dictC audiSns,
audientSs, obedient to {his) order.
[dictum.

diduco, -ducere, -dttxi, -ductus,
[dis- -f- dttcO], 3, lead in different



dies



37



discedo



directions (vi. 34) ; divide, separate
(ill. 23); distribute, [diduce.

dies, diei, m. and f., day; time (i.
7). in dies, day by day, every
day. diem dicere, to set a day.

differo, differre, distuli, dilatus,
[dis- + fero], irr., spread, scatter
(v. 43) ; put off, delay (vii. 1 1, C. III.
85); differ, be different, [differ.

difficilis, -e, comp. difflcilior, sup.
diflflcillimus, [dis- + facilis], adj.,
difficult, hard, [difficile.

difficultas, -tatis, [difficilis], f., dif-
ficulty, trouble, [difficulty.

difficulter, comp. difflcilius, sup.
difficilime, [difficilis], adv., with
difficulty ; comp., with too great diffi-
culty (vii. 58).

diffido, -fidere, -fisus sum, [dis- +
fldo], 3, semi-dep., distrust, lose con-
fidence in, despair of. [diffident.

diffisus, -a, -um, part, of diffido.

diffluo, -ere, diffluxl, [dis- + fluo],
3,fiow in different directions, divide.
iv. 10. [diffluent.

diffundo, -fundere, -fudl, -fusus,
[dis- + fundo], 3, pour forth;
spread out, extend (vi. 26). [diffuse.

digitus, -i, m., finger ; as a measure,
finger's breadth (vii. 73), the 16th
part of a Roman foot, .728 of an
inch. digitus pollex, thumb as a
measure (iii 13). [digit.

dignitas, -tatis, [dignus], f., worth,
merit; self-respect (vi. 8); great-
ness, rank, reputation, [dignity.

dignus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, adj., worthy, worth, de-
serving, vii. 25.

diiudico, -are, -avi, -atus, [dis- +
iudico], 1, decide, v. 44. [dijudi-
cate.

dilectus, see diligo.

dilectus, -as, [diligo], m., levy,
draft, enlistment.

diligenter, comp. dlligentius, sup.



diligentissime, [diligens], adv.,
carefully, punctually, with painstak-
ing.

diligentia, -ae, [diligens], f., care,
painstaking, activity, [diligence.

diligo, -ligere, -lexl, -lectus, [dis-
+ leg5, choose~\, 3, love, prize, vi.
19.

dimensus, see dimetior.

dimetior, -metiri, -mensus [dis- +
metior], 4, dep., passive in Caesar,
measure, measure off (iv. 17); of
work, lay out (ii. 19). [dimension.

dimicatio, -onis, [dimico], f., com-
bat, engagement, encounter, vii. 86.

dimico, -are, -avi, -atum est, [dis- -f
mic5], 1, fight, contend, struggle.

dimidius, -a, -um, [dis- + medius],
adj., half '(vi. 31). As noun, dimi-
dium, -i, n., half.

dimitto, -mittere, -misi, -missus,
[dis- + mitto], 3, send in different
directions, send about ; dismiss, send
off ; let go, let slip, lose ; abandon,
leave; give up (vii. 17); disband
(11. 14). [dismiss.

dirimo, -imere, -emi, -emptus, [dis-
+ emo, lake j, 3, take apart ; break
off, put an end to (i. 46).

diripio, -ripere, -ripui, -reptus, [dis-
+ rapid, seize"], 3, tear asunder ;
ravage, plunder, pillage.

dis- (di-), inseparable prep., used only
as a prefix with other words, adding
the force of apart, asunder, in dif-
ferent directions, utterly, entirely;
not, un-.

In Composition dis- becomes dif-
before f, dir- before vowels, di-
before d, g, 1, m, n, r, and v.

Dis, Ditis, m., with pater, Dis paler
(dis pa' ter), Father Dis, god of the
Underworld, vi. 18.

discedo, -cedere, -cessi, -cessurus,
pf. pass, impers., discessum est,
[dis- + cedo], 3, go apart, disperse,



disceptator



38



diutinus



scatter ; depart, withdraw, leave, go
aivay, go off. ab armis discedere,
to lay down one's arms.

disceptator, -Sris, [disceptS, de-
cide], m., arbitrator, umpire, judge.
vii. 37.

discerno, -cernere, -crevi, -cretus,
[dis- + cern5], 3, distinguish be-
tween, know apart, keep separate
(vii. 75). [discern.

discessus, -as, [discedo], m., de-
parture, going away.

disciplina, -ae, [discipulus], f., in-
struction, training ; system, [disci-
pline.

discludo, -cludere, -clusi, -clusus,
[dis- + claudo], 3, keep apart, hold
apart (iv. 17); separate (vii. 8).

disco, discere, didici, 3, learn.

discrimen, -inis, [cf. discerns], n.,
interval ; crisis, peril (vi. 38).

discutid, -cutere, -cussi, -cussus,
[dis-+ quati5, shake], 3, shatter ;
remove, clear away (vii. 8). [dis-
puss.

disicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [dis-
+ iaciS], 3, drive asunder ; disperse,
scatter, rout (i. 25; iii. 20).

disiectus, see disici5.

dispar, -paris, [dis- + par], adj., un-
equal, unlike, v. 16 ; vii. 39.

dispar 6, -are, -avi, -atus, [dis- +
paro], i, divide, separate. [dis-
parate.

dispergo, -spergere, -spersi, -sper-
sus, [dis- + spargrS, scatter], 3,
scatter, scatter about, disperse, [dis-
perse.

dispersus, see dispergo.

dispono. -p6nere, -posui, -positus,
[dis- + pon5], 3, set in various
places, distribute; station, post.
[dispose.

disputatio, -5nis, [dispute], f., dis-
cussion, debate, dispute, [disputa-
tion.



disputo, -are, -avi, -atus, [dis- -f-
puto], I, treat, investigate, discuss.
vi. 14. [dispute.

dissensio, -onis, [dissentio], {^dis-
agreement, dissension, [dissension.

dissentio, -sentire, -sensi, -sensus,
[dis- -f sentio], 4, differ in opinion,
disagree, v. 29; vii. 29. [dissent.

dissero, -serere, [dis- + sero, sow],
3, plant here and there, place at inter-
vals, vii. 73.

dissimulo, -are, -avi, -atus, [dis - f
simul6], I, make unlike; conceal,
keep secret (iv. 6). [dissimulate.

dissipo, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, scatter,
disperse, [dissipate.

dissuaded, -suadere, -suasi, -sua-
siirus, [dis- + suadeo], 2, advise
against, object, oppose, vii. 15. [dis-
suade.

distendo, -tendere, -tendi, -tentus,
[dis- + tendS], 3, stretch out. C. in.
92. [distend.

dis tine 6, -tinere, -tinui, -tentus,
[dis- + teneo], 2, keep apart, hold
apart, separate; hinder, delay (vii.

37).
disto, -are, [dis- + st5], I, stand

apart, be separated, be distant, dis-

tantes inter se binds pedes, tivo

feet apart (vii. 23). [distant.
distraho, -trahere, -traxi, -tractus,

[dis- + traho, draw], 3, wrench

asunder (vii. 23); draw apart (C.

in. 92). [distract.
distribuo, -tribuere, -tribui, -tribu-

tus, [dis- + tribuS ], 3, distribute,

divide, assign, apportion, [distribute.
ditissimus, see dives,
diu, oomp diutius, sup. diutissime,

adv., long, for a long time, quam

diu, as long as (i. 17).
diunius, -a, -um, [cf. di§s], adj., of

the day, by day. [diurnal.
diutinus, -a, -um, [diu], adj., long-

continued, lasting, v. 52.



diutissime



39



dubius



diutissime, see diu.

diiitius, see diu.

diuturnitas, -tatis, [diuturnus], f.,
long continuance, length (of time),
long duration, i. 40; iii. 4.

diuturnus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [diu],
adj., long, prolonged, i. 14.

diversus, -a, -um, [part, of diverts],
adj., opposite; separate, apart; dif-
ferent; remote (vi. 25). [diverse.

diverts, -ere, -ti, -sus, [dis- +
verto], 3, separate, ii. 24. [divert.

dives, -itis, comp. ditior, sup. ditis-
simus, adj., rich, zuealthy. i. 2.

Diviciacus, -i, m., (div" i-shi-a' kus) :

(1) An Aeduan of influence, loyal
to Caesar, who at his intercession
pardoned Dumnorix (i. 18-20), and
the Bellovaci (ii. 14, 15).

(2) A ruler of the Suessiones. ii. 4.
Divico, -Snis, m., (div r i-ko), leader

of the Helvetians in their war with
Cassius, 107 B.C., and head of an
embassy to Caesar, 58 B.C. i. 13, 14.

divido, -videre, -visi, -visus, 3, sep-
arate, divide, [divide.

divinus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [divus], adj., divine,
sacred, [divine.

divisus, see dividS.

do, dare, dedi, datus, irr., give, give
#A gi- ve ov e r > grant ; offer, furnish,
allow, in 'fugam dare, to put to
flight, operam dare, to take pains
(v. 7). [date.

doceo, docere, docui, doctus, 2,
teach; inform; point out, state;
show (vi. 1). [doctor.

documentum, -I, [doceS], n., proof,
warning, vii. 4. [document.

doled, dolere, dolui, doliturus, 2,
suffer ; be grieved, be annoyed.

dolor, -Sris, [doleS], m., pain, suf-
fering ; grief, distress, [dolors.

dolus, -i, m., cunning, fraud, deceit
(i. 13; iv. 13). [dole.



domesticus, -a, -um, [domus], adj.,
home, native, internal ; their own
(ii. 10); of their own household
(C. 111.60). domesticum bellum,
civil war (v. 9). [domestic.

domicilium, -i, [domus], n., dwell-
ing, abode, habitation, [domicile.

dominor, -ari, -atus, [dominus], I,
dep., be master, have dominion, ii.
31. [dominate.

dominus, -i, [domS, subdue~\, m.,
master, lord. vi. 13. [dominie.

Domitius, -i, m., (do-mish' [y]us) :

( 1) Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus,
consul with Appius Claudius Pulcher,
54 B.C. (v. 1), in the Civil War a
general on the side of Pompey.

(2) Gnaeus Domitius, a cavalry
officer in Curio's army in Africa.
C. 11. 42.

(3) Gnaeus Domitius CalvTnus,
a general in Caesar's army. C. in.
89.

domus, -us, f., house, home. [dome.

Donnotaurus, -i, m., Gaius Valerius
Donnotaurus (don-o-ta^ rus) , a leader
among the Helvii. vii. 65.

dono, -are, -avi, -atus, [dSnum], 1,
give, grant, confer, i. 47; vii. 11.
[donate.

donum, -i, [d5], n., gift, present.

dorsum, -i, n., back ; of a mountain,
long summit, like the back of an
animal (vii. 44). [dorsal.

dos, dotis, [cf. dS], f., dowry, mar-
riage portion, vi. 19. [dot (dowry).

Druides, -um, m., pi., Druids.

Dubis, -is, m., (du'bis), a river in
Gaul, tributary of the Arar (Saone) ;
now the Doubs. i. 38.

dubitatio, -Snis, [dubitS], f., doubt,
hesitation, [dubitation.

dubito, -are, -avi, -atus, [dubius],
1, be uncertain, doubt ; hesitate, delay.

dubius, -a, -um, adj., doubtful, uncer-
tain, [dubious.



ducenti



40



educo



ducenti, -ae, -a, or CC, [duo + cen-
tum], adj., tivo hundred.

duco, ducere, duxi, ductus, 3, lead,
guide, conduct, bring, take; of a
trench, make ; protract; prolong, put
off ; think, consider, reckon. in
matrimSnium ducere, to marry
0-9, 53)- [ductile.

ductus, -us, [duco], m., generalship,
command, vii. 62, C. I. 7. [duct.

dum, conj., while ; until.

Dumnorix, -ig"is, m., (dum' no-riks),
an Aeduan, brother of Diviciacus,
and son-in-law of Orgetorix; a bitter
enemy of Caesar, and leader of an
Aeduan anti-Roman party; slain by
Caesar's orders while trying to es-
cape from him, 54 B.C. (Fig. 42.)

dumtaxat, [dum + taxat], adv.,
merely, only. C II. 41.

duo, -ae, -o, or II, adj., two. [duet.

duodecim, or XII, [duo + decern],
indecl. num. adjective, twelve, [duo-
decimal.

duodecimus, -a, -um, [duodecim],
num. adj., twelfth.

duodeni, -ae, -a, gen. pi. duodenum
(vii. 36), [duodecim], distributive
num. adj., twelve at a time, by
twelves.

duodeseptuaginta, or LXVIII, [duo
+ de + septuaginta], indeclin-
able num. adj., sixty-eight, i. 29.

duodgtriginta, or XXVIII, [duo + de
+ trigrinta], indeclinable num. adj.,
twenty-eight, v. 2.

duodeviginti, -ae, -a, or XVIII, [duo
+ d6 + viginti], num. adj., eighteen.

duplex, -icis, [duo, cf. plicS, fold\
adj., twofold, double, [duplex.

duplico, -are, -avi, atus, [duplex],
1, make double, double, [duplicate.

duritia, -ae, [durus], f., hardness;
severe mode of life (vi. 21). [duress.

duro, -are, -avi, -atus, [durus], 1,
harden, make hardy, vi. 28.



Durocortorum, -1, n., (du-ro-cor' to-
rum), capital of the Remi, now
A'eims. vi. 44.

durus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup. -issi-
mus, adj., hard, severe, difficult; of
a season, inclement (vii. 8).

Durus, -i. m., Quintus Laberius Du-
rus, (la-be' ri-us du' rus), a military
tribune, v. 15.

dux, ducis, [duc5, lead\ m., leader,
guide ; general, commander, [duke.

Dyrrachlnus, -a, -um, [Dyrra-
chium], adj., at Dyrrachium, of
Dyrrachium. C. III. 84, 87, 89.

Dyrrachium, -i, [Aup^<£x*ov], n.,
(dir-ra' ki-um), a city on the east
coast of the Adriatic, formerly called
Epidamnus ; now Durazzo, in Alba-
nia. C. in. 53.



R

§, see ex.

ea, [properly abl. of is, sc. parte],
adv., there, on that side. v. 51.

Eburones, -um,m.,pl., (eb-u-ro' nez),
a Belgic people north of the Treve-
rans. In 54 B.C. they destroyed
a detachment of Caesar's army
under Sabinus and Cotta, and were
afterwards almost exterminated by
him.

EburovicSs, -um, m., pi., (eb" u-ro-
vl' sez), a division of the Aulercl.

gdisco, -discere, -didicl, [ex +
disc5], 3, learn by heart, vi. 14.

editus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [part, of
ed6], adj., elevated; rising (11. 8).

6do, -dere, -didi, -ditus, [ex + d6],
3, put forth ; inflict (i. 31 ) . [edit.

gdoceo. -docSre, -docui, -doctus,
[ex -f doceO], 2, teach carefully,
instruct, inform, tell.

6duc6, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus, [ex
+ ducO], 3, lead out, lead forth ; of
a sword, draw (v. 44). [educe.



effemino



41



emmus



effemino, -are, -avi, -atus, [ex +
femina], I, make zvomanish, weaken,
enervate, i. i ; iv. 2. [effeminate.

effercio, -Ire, effertus, [ex+farci5,
stuff'], \,fill in. vii. 23.

effero, -ferre, extull, elatus, [ex +
fero], irr., bring out, carry forth,
carry away (i. 5; v. 45); spread
abroad, publish (i. 46; vi. 14; vii.
I, 2); lift up, pull up\ extol (C. III.
87) ; elate (v. 47, VII. 47). [elate.

efficio, -ficere, -feci, -fectus, [ex+
facio], 3, make out, bring about;
accomplish, effect, prodttce ; make,
render ; build, construct, [effect.

effodio, -fodere, -fodl, -fossus, [ex
+ fodio], 3, dig out; of the eyes,
gouge out (vii. 4).

effossus, see effodio.

effugio, -f ugere, -fugl, [ex+fugio],

3, escape.

effundo, -fundere, -fadi, -fusus,
[ex -\- fundo], 3, pour out. s§
effundere, of a crowd, pour out,
rush forth (C. 11. 7) ; of cavalry, dash
forth (v. 19). [effusive.

egens, egentis, comp. egentior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of egeo], adj.,
needy. As noun, egentes, -ium,
m., pi., the needy, destitute men (vii.

4, C. in. 59).

egeo, egere, egui, 2, lack, be in
want {of) . vi. 1 1 .

egestas, -tatis, [egens], f., priva-
tion, destitution, want. vi. 24.

ego, mel, personal pron., I ; pi. nos,
nostrum, we. [egotism.

egomet, pi. nosmet [ego -f -met,
enclitic suffix = ' self '], personal pro-
noun, I myself, ourselves, vii. 38.

ggredior, -gredi, -gressus, [ex +
gradior, step], 3, dep., go out, go
forth, come forth, leave ; from a ship,
land, disembark.

egregie, [egregius], adv., remark-
ably well, admirably, splendidly.



egregius, -a, -um, [ex + grex, herd,
crowd], adj., eminent, marked, dis-
tinguished, excellent, [egregious.

egressus, see egredior.

egressus, -us, [egredior], m., de-
parture ; disembarking, landing (v.
8) . [egress.

Egus, -i, m., (e' gus), an Allobrogian,
son of Roucillus. C. Ill, 59.

eicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [ex +
iacio], 3, throw out, cast out, thrust
out, expel; cast up (v. 10). se
eicere, to rush, sally forth, [eject.

eius modi, see modus.

elabor, -labi, -lapsus, [ex + labor],
3, dep., slip away ; escape (v. 37).
[elapse.

elatus, see effero.

Elaver, Elaveris, n., (el'a-ver), a
tributary of the Liger {Loire), into
which it flows from the south after a
course of about 200 miles; now
Allier.

electus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of eligo], adj.,
chosen, picked. ii. 4, C. III. 91.
[elect.

elephantus, -i, [t\4<f>as], m., ele-
phant, vi. 28. [elephant.

Eleuteti, -orum, m., pi., (e-lu' te-tl),
a people of Central Gaul. vii. 75.

elicio, -licere, -licui, [ex -f- lacio,
entice], 3, entice forth, lure forth ;
bring out, draw out. [elicit.

eloquor, -i, elocutus, [ex + lo-
quor], 3, dep., speak out, utter, de-
clare. C. 11. 34. [eloquent.

Elusates, -ium, m., pi., (el-u-sa' tez),
a people in Central Aquitania. iii. 27.

emigro, -are, -avi, [ex + migro, de-
part], 1, go forth to remain, move,
e?nigrate. i. 31. [emigrate.

emineo, -minere, -minui, 2, project,
stand out. vii. 72, 73. [eminent.

eminus [ex + manus, hand], adv.,
at a distance, from afar. vii. 24.



emissus



42



essedarius



emissus, see emittS.

gmitto, -mittere, -mlsl, -missus,
[ex + mitto], 3, send out ; hurl,
cast, shoot, discharge (ii. 23); throw
away, let go (i. 25). [emit.

emo, emere, emi, emptus, 3, buy,
purchase, i. 16; ii. 33.

enascor, -nasci, -natus, [ex + nas-
cor], 3, dep., grow out; of
branches, shoot out (ii. 17).

eiiim [nam], conj., postpositive, for,
for in fact, neque enim, and
{with good reason) for . . . not, for
in fact . . . not.

enitor, -I, enisus, [ex-f nitor], 3,
dep., make effort (C. II. 6); force
one's way out (C. II. 34).

enuntio, -are, -avi, -atus [ex +
nuntiS], I, report, reveal, disclose.'
[enounce.

eo, abl. of is (44).

e6, [cf. is], adv., thither, to that place,
there.

eo, ire, ii, iturus, itum est, irr., go,
pass, march, advance.

eodem [idem], adv., to the same
place ; to the same thing (1. 14), to
the same end (iv. 11).

ephippiatus, -a, -um, adj., riding
with saddle-cloths, iv. 2.

ephippium, -i, [icplyririov, from iirl +
i'7T7ros], n., saddle-cloth. IV. 2.

Epirus, -i, ["Hiretpos], f., (e-pl' rus),
a province in the northern part of
Greece, east of the Adriatic. C. 111.
47,61.

epistula, -ae, [<?7rt(n-o\i$], f., letter,
despatch, v. 48. [epistle.

Eporedorix, -igis, m., (ep-o-red' o-
riks) :

(i) A leader of the Aeduans, cap-
tured by Caesar, vii. 67.

(2) A young Aeduan of rank, for
a time friendly to Caesar, after-
wards one of the commanders of the
Gallic army raised for the relief of



Alesia. vii. 38, 39, 40, 54, 55, 63,
64, 76.

epulae, -arum, f., p\., feast, vi. 28.

eques, -itis, [equus], m., horseman,
cavalryman, trooper ; as a member
of a social order, knight.

equester, -tris, -tre, [eques], adj.,
of cavalry, cavahy-. [equestrian.

equitatus, -us, [equito, ride], m.,
cavalry ; knighthood, collectively
knights (i. 31).

equus, -i, m., horse, [equine.

Eratosthenes, -is, ['EpaToo-^^s],
m., (er-a-tos' the-nez), a Greek, born
at Cyrene, in Africa, B.C. 276; died
about B.C. 196; librarian of the great
library at Alexandria in Egypt, and
famous as a geographer, mathemati-
cian, historian, and grammarian, vi.
24.

erectus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [part,
of erig-5], adj., high, elevated, iii.
13. [erect (adj.).

ereptus, see eripio.

erga, prep, with ace, towards. v.

54-

ergo, adv., therefore, then., vii. 77.

erigo, -rigere, -rexi, -rectus, [ex-f
rego], 3, raise to a standing position,



Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 61 of 73)