Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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conquest the plural was used of three
provinces in Transalpine Gaul (Fig.
199). [Gaul.

Gallicus, -a, -um, [Gallus], adj., of
Gaul, Gallic.

gallina, -ae, [gallus, cock], f., hen.

Gallus, -a, -um, adj., Gallic. As
noun, m., a Gaul; pi., Galli,
-orum, Celts, Galli (gal' I), used by
Caesar as referring to the inhabitants
of Gallia Celtica, the middle of the
three main divisions of Gaul.

Gallus, -1, m., see Trebius.

Garumna, -ae, f., (ga-rum'na), the
great river of southwestern France,
which rises in the Pyrenees Moun-
tains and flows in a northwesterly
direction to the Atlantic Ocean, after
a course of about 350 miles; now
Garonne, i. I.

Garumni, -orum, m.,pl.,(ga-rum'ni),
a people in Aquitania, probably near
the sources of the Garonne, iii. 27.

Gates, -ium, m., pi., (ga' tez), a peo-
ple in Aquitania. iii. 27.

gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum, 2,
semi-dep., rejoice, be glad. iv. 13.

gavisus, see gaudeS.

Geidumm, -orum, m., pi., (je-
dum' nl), a people of Belgic Gaul,
clients of the Nervians. v. 39.

Genava, -ae, f., (jen'a-va), a city of
the Allobroges, on the lacus Leman-
nus; now Geneva, i. 7.

gener, generi, m., son-in-law. v. 56.

generatim [genus], adv., by kind;
by peoples, by tribes, nation by na-
tion (i. 51; vii. 19).

gens, gentis, f., clan, family (vi. 22) ;
nation, people, [gentile.

genus, generis, n., birth, descent,
family; race (iv. 3; vii. 22, 42);

kind, species; class, rank; method,
nature, [genus.

Gergovia, -ae, f., (jer-go' vi-a), chief
city of the Arvernians, situated on a
narrow plateau (elevation, 2,440 ft.)
about six miles south of Clermont-

Germania, -ae, [Germanus], f.,
Germany. [Germany.

Germanicus, -a, -um, [German!],
adj., German.

Germanus, -a, -um, adj., of or from
Germany, German. As noun, Ger-
man!, -orum, m., pi., Germans,
the Germans. [German.

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus, 3, bear,
carry; manage, transact, do, carry
on ; carry out, perform, accomplish ;
of anoffice,y?/// of war, wage, rem
gestam perscribit, he zvrote a full
account of what had been done (v.
47). [jest.

gestus, see gero.

gladius, -i, m., sword, [gladiolus.

glans, glandis, f., acorn; slingshot,
bullet hurled by a sling (v. 43; vii.
81). [gland.

gleba, -ae, f., lump of earth, clod;
lump, mass (vii. 25). [glebe.

gloria, -ae, i.,fame, renown, [glory.

glorior, -ari, -atus, [gloria], 1, dep.,
boast, brag (i. 14).

Gnaeus, -i, abbreviation Cn., m.,
(ne' us), a Roman first name.

Gobannitio, -5nis, m., (gob-a-nish'
[y]5), an uncle of Vercingetorix,
hostile to him. vii. 4.

Gorgobina, -ae, f., (gor-gob' i-na),
a city in the country of the Aeduans,
inhabited by Boians (vii. 9).

Gracchi, -orum, m., pi., the Grac-
chi, (grak 7 1), Tiberius and Gaius
Sempronius Gracchus, leaders in re-
forms which led to violence; Tibe-
rius Gracchus was killed in 133 B.C.,
Gaius in 121 B.C. C. 1. 7.




Graecus, -a, -um, [I>cu/c6s], adj.,
Greek, Grecian. As noun, Grae-
cus -l, m., a Greek (vi. 24).

Graioceli, -orum, m., pi., (gra-yo'-
se-ll), a Gallic people in the Alps,
i. 10.

grandis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., large, great, [grand.

Granius, -1, m., Aulus Granius, (gra'-
ni-us), a Roman knight killed in
action near Dyrrachium. C. ill. 71.

gratia, -ae, [gratus], f., favor, grati-
tude ; esteem, regard; recompense,
requital (i. 35, v. 27); popularity ;
influence (i. 9, 18, 20, 43, etc.). PI.,
gratiae, -arum, thanks, gratias
agere, to thank, gratia, for the
sake of (vii. 43) . [grace.

gratulatio, -5nis, [gratulor], f., re-
joicing, congratulation. [gratula-

gratulor, -ari, -atus, [gratus], 1,
dep., offer congratulations, congratu-
late, i. 30. [gratulate.

gratus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, adj., acceptable, pleasing
(vi. 16). Neut. as noun, gratum,
-i, a kindness, a favor (i. 44).

gravis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., heavy (iv. 24); heavily ladtn
(v. 8) ; severe, hard, serious, trouble-
some ; of age, advanced (iii. 16).
[grave (adjective).

gravities, -atis, [gravis], f., weight
(v. 16); importance (iv. 3). [grav-

graviter, comp. gravius, sup. gra-
vissime, [gravis], adv., heavily
(iii. 14); severely, warmly, bitterly ;
seriously, with great displeasure.
graviter ferre, to be annoyed, be

gravo, -are, -avi, -atus, [gravis], 1,
weigh doivn. Pass, as dep., hesi-
tate, be umvilling (i. 35).

Grudil, -orum, m., pi., (gru'di-I), a
Belgic people near the Nervians. v,


gubernator, -oris. [gubernS, steer\
m., helmsman, pilot, [governor.

gusto, -are, -avi, -atus, [gustus,
tasting'], 1, taste, taste of [gusta-

habeo, habere, habui, habitus, 2,
have, hold, possess, keep ; regard,
think, consider; account, repute,
reckon; of a count, make (i. 29).
orationem habere, to make a
speech, deliver an address, [habit.

haesito, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of
haereo], 1, stick fast, remain fixed.
vii. 19. [hesitate.

hamus, -1, m., hook; barbed hook (vii.
73)- [hamate.

harpago, -5nis, [= d/>7r<£77;], m.,
grappling-iron, grappling-hook, a
pole with an iron hook at the end.
vii. 81.

Harudes, -um, m., pi., (ha-ru' dez),
a German tribe between the Danube
and the upper part of the Rhine.

haud, adv., not at all, not. v. 54.

hedera, -ae, f., ivy. C. in. 96.

Helveticus, -a, -um, adj., Helvetian.
Helveticum proelium, the battle
with the Helvetians (vii. 9).

Helvetius, -a, -um, adj., of the Helve-
tians, Helvetian, civitas Helve-
tia, the State of the Helvetians,
Helvetian State, divided into four
cantons, the names of two of which,
pagus Tigurinus, pagus Verbi-
genus, are known (i. 12). As
noun, Helvetii, -5rum, m., pi., the
Helvetians, Helvetii (hel-ve'sh[y]I).

Helvii, -5rum, m., pi., (hel'vi-i), a
( lallic people in the Province.

Hercynius, -a. -um.adj., Hercyninn.
Silva Hercynia [in Greek 'Apictvia




8prj, 'Epkijviol 5pvnol~\, a forest in
southern Germany and Austria, which
followed the course of the Danube
from its source eastward beyond mod-
ern Vienna to the Carpathian Moun-
tains, [hercynite.

hereditas, -atis, [heres, heir~\, f.,
inheritance, vi. 13. [heredity.

Hibernia, -ae, f., Hibernia (hi-ber'-
ni-a), Ireland, v. 13. [Hibernian.

hlbernus, -a, -um, [hiems], adj.,
of winter. As noun, hiberna,
-orum (sc. castra), n., pi., winter-
quarters, [hibernal.

hie, haec, hoc, gen. huius, dem.
pron., this, the follotving, he, she, it.

hie, [pron. hie], adv., here, at this
place ; of time, at this point.

hiemo, -are, -avi, -aturus, [hiems],
1, pass the winter, winter.

hiems, hiemis, f., winter; wintry
storm, stormy weather (iv. 36).

hinc [hie], adv., hence, from this
place, from this point.

Hirrus, -1, m., see Lucilius.

Hispania, -ae. f., Spain. PI., His-
paniae, -arum, Spanish provinces,
referring to the division into the two
parts, Hispania citerior, Hither
Spain,a.nd ulterior, Further Spain
(C. in. 73). [Spain.

Hispanus, -a, -um, adj., Spanish, v.
26. [spaniel, i.e. 'Spanish dog.'

homo, hominis, m. and f., human
being, man.

honestus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [honos], adj., honorable,
noble; of good family, (vii. 3; C.
11. '5). loco natus honesto, of ex-
cellent family (v. 45, C. III. 61).

honorificus, -a, -um, comp. hono-
riflcentior, sup. -centissimus, [ho-
nos, cf. facio], adj., conferring
honor, complimentary, i. 43. [hon-

honos, or honor, -oris, m., honor, es<
teem, respect, dignity; public office,
office, post, [honor.

hora, -ae, [= &pa~], f., hour, a twelfth
part of the day, from sunrise to sun-
set, the Roman hours varying in
length with the season of the year.

hordeum, -I, n., barley. C. in. 47.

horreo, horrere, horrul, 2, tremble
at, shudder at, dread, i. 32.

horribilis, -e, comp. -ior, [horreS],
adj., dread-inspiring, [horrible.

horridus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [hor-
reo], adj., wild, frightful (v. 14).

hortatus, -us, [hortor], m., encour-
agement, urging. C. in. 86.

hortor, -ari, -at us, 1, dep., urge, en-
courage ; exhort, incite, press.

hospes, hospitis, m., host ; guest (vi.
23); friend bound by hospitality,
guest-friend {\. 53, v. 6). [host.

hospitium, -i, [hospes], n., relation
of guest and host, tie of hospitality,
hospitality, [hospice.

hostis, -is, m., public enemy, foe ; in
this book both the sing, and the pi.,
hostes, -ium, in most cases = the
enemy. Cf. inimicus. [host (army).

hue, [hie], adv., hither, here, to this

huius modi, see modus.

humanitas, -atis, [humanus], f.,
humanity; refinement, culture (i. 1.
47). [humanity.

humanus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [homo], adj., of man,
human (C. I. 6) ; refined, civilized
(iv. 3; v. 14). [human.

humilis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. humil-
limus, [humus, ground^, adj., low;
shallozu (v. 1); mean, humble, in-
significant, weak, [humble.

humilitas, -atis, [humilis], f., low-
ness (v. 1 ) ; humble position, insig-
nificance (v. 27). [humility.





iaceo, iacere, iacui, iacittirus, 2,

lie, lie prostrate ; lie dead (vii. 25).

Pres. part, as noun, iacentes, -ium,

m., pi., the fallen (ii. 27).
iacid, iacere, ieci, iactus, 3, throw,

cast, hurl ; throw up, construct (ii.

12) ; of an anchor, drop (iv. 28).
iacto, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of

iacio], 1, throw, cast (vii. 47);

throw about, jerk back and forth (i.

25) ; discuss, agitate (i. 18) ; boast of,

vaunt (C. in. 83).
iactura, -ae, [iaciS], f., a throwing;

loss, sacrifice, cost.
iactus, see iaciS.
iaculum, -I, [cf. iaci5], n., javelin.

v. 43. 45-

iam, adv., already, now ; at once, im-
mediately (vi. 35, vii. 38); at length
(i. 42); actually (Hi. 17); in fact,
indeed (iii. 9).

ibi or ibi, adv., in that place, there.

Iccius, -1, m., (ik'sh[y]us), a leader ,
of the Remi.

ictus, -us, [ico, strike], m., blow,
stroke, i. 25; vii. 25.

Id., abbreviation for Idtis.

idcirco, [id +abl. of circus], adv.,
on that account, therefore, v. 3.

idem, eadem, idem, eiusdem, dem.
pron., the same, [identity.

identidem, [idem et idem], adv.,
repeatedly, again and again, ii. 19.

idoneus, -a, -um, adj., suitable, con-

_ venient,fit, capable.

Idiis, -uum, f., pi., abbreviation Id.,
the Ides, the fifteenth day of March,
May, July, and October; the thir-
teenth day of other months, i. 7.

ignis, -is, m.,fre. PI., Igrn§s, fire-
signals, watch-fires (ii. 33). [igneous.

ignobilis, -e, [in- + (g)n5bilisj,
adj., unknown; obscure (v. 28).

ignominia, -ae, [in- -f- (g)n5menj,
f., disgrace, dishonor, [ignominy.

ignoro, -are, -avi, -atus, [cf. ig-
nosco], 1, be ignorant of, not to
know, be unaware ; overlook (i. 27).
non ig-norans, being not unfamiliar
with (vi. 42), not unaware (vii. ^).

ignosco, -gnoscere, -gnovi, -gno-
tus, [in- + (g)nosco, know], 3,
pardon, overlook ; forgive, excuse.

ignotus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + (g)notus], adj.,
unknown; unfamiliar (iv. 24).

illatus, see infero.

ille, ilia, illud, illius, dem. pron.,
used with or without a noun, that ;
he, she, it.

illic [loc. of ille], adv., there, in that
place, in that region. i. 18; vii.

illigo, -are, -avi, -atus, [in + ligo,
bind], I, tie on; bind (iv. 17);
fasten (v. 45).

illo [ille], adv., thither, to that place ;
to that end (iv. Ii).

illustris, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issi-
mus, [in, cf. lux], adj., prominent,
distinguished ; remarkable, note-
worthy (vii. 3). [illustrious.

Illyricum, -i, n., (Mir' j-kum), a re-
gion along the east coast of the
Adriatic Sea, now /stria and Dal-
matia. ii. 35; iii. 7; v. 1.

imbecillitSs, -atis, [imbecillus,
7veak], f., weakness, [imbecility.

imber, imbris. m., rain, rainstorm.
magnus imber, a violent rain-
storm (vii. 27).

imitor, -ari, -atus, 1, dep., copy, imi-
tate, vi. 40; vii. 22. [imitate.

immanis. -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issi-
mus, &.([)., huge, enormous, immense.

immineo. -minere. [in -f mineS,
overhang], 2, overhang; be near at
hand, threaten (vi. 38). [imminent.




immitto, -mittere, -misi, -missus,
[in + mitto], 3, send into ; send
against (vii. 40) ; of pikes, hurl,
cast against (v. 44, vi. 8, C. III. 92);
of timbers, let dozen into (iv. 17),
let in between (iv. 17).

immolo, -are, -avi, -atus, [in, cf.
mola, meal], I, lit. sprinkle meal
on a victim for sacrifice; sacrifice,
offer up (vi. 16, 17). [immolate.

immortalis, -e, [in- -f mortalis, from
mors], adj., immortal, [immortal.

immunis, -e, [in- + munus], adj.,
free from taxes, vii. 76. [immune.

immunitas, -atis, [immunis], f.,
freedom from public burdens, ex-
emption (vi. 14). [immunity.

imparatus, -a, -um, sup. -issimus,
[in- + paratus], adj., not ready,
unprepared, vi. 30.

impedimentum, -i, [impediS], n.,
hindrance, interference (i. 25; ii.
25). PI. impedimenta, -orum,
heavy baggage, baggage; pack-ani-
mals (vii. 45). [impediment.

impedio, -pedire, -pedivi, -peditus,
[in, cf. pes], 4, hinder, obstruct, in-
terfere with; prevent, disorder ; of
the mind, occupy, engage (v. 7) ; make
unpassable (vii. 57). [impede.

impeditus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of impedio], adj.,
encumbered with baggage, hindered,
hampered, obstructed, embarrassed ;
difficult, hard (ii. 28, iii. 9); of
places, hard, inaccessible.

impello, -pellere, -puli, -pulsus, [in
-f-pello), 3, strike against; urge,
urge on, drive on, impel, [impel.

impended, -pendere, [in + pendeS,
hang], 2, hang over, overhang, i. 6;
iii. 2. [impend.

impensus, -a. -um, comp. -ior, [part,
of impends, expend], adj., ample,
great ; of price, dear, high (iv. 2).

imperator, -oris, [impero], m., com-

mander-in-chief, commander, gen-
eral. [emperor.

imperatorius, -a, -um, [impera-
tor], adj., of a commander , general' s.
C. in. 96.

imperatum, -i, [impero], n., com-
mand, order, ad imperatum, in
accordance with his command (vi. 2).

imperitus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + peritus] , adj., in-
experienced, unskilled, unacquainted

imperium, -I, [cf. impero], n., com-
mand, order; control, government,
dominion ; military authority.
nova imperia, a revolution (ii. 1 ).

impero, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, com-
mand, order ; exercise authority over,
rule (i. 31, 36); requisition, order
to furnish, levy, draft, demand. After
impero, ut is ordinarily to be trans-
lated by to, and ne by not to, with
the infin. [imperative.

impetro, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
patro, execute], 1, obtain by request,
procure, get; accomplish, bring to
pass; gain one's request. re im-
petrata,^ the request having been
granted, after the request had been

impetus, -us, [in, cf. peto], m., at-
tack, assault, charge; raid (l. 44);
fury, impetuosity, force, [impetus.

impius, -a, -um, [in- + pius], adj.,
wicked, impious. As noun, impii,
-orum, m., pi., the wicked (vi. 13).

implied, -are, -avi or -ui, -atus or
-itus, [in + plico, fold], I, infold;
interweave (vii. 73). [implicate.

imploro, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
plorS, cry out], 1, beseech, implore
(i. 51); invoke, appeal to (v. 7, C.
in. 82). auxilium implorare, to
solicit aid (i. 31, 32). [implore.




impono, -pSnere, -posul, -positus,
[in + p6n6], 3, put on, place on,

put ; impose {upon) ; levy upon
(1. 44); of horses, mount (i. 42).

imports, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
portS], 1, bring in, import, i. I;
iv. 2; v. 12. [import.

improbus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + probua, good\
adj., bad, shameless, i. 17.

imprSvIsS [improvlsus], adv., un-
expectedly, suddenly, i. LJ.

improvlsus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [in-
-f part, of provided], adj., unfore-
seen, unexpected. Neut. as noun
in de imprSvisS, unexpectedly, sud-

imprudens, -entis, [contr. from im-
prSvidens, in- + part, of provi-
ded], adj., unazvares, off 'one 's guard.
iii. 29; v. 15. [imprudent.

impriidentia, -ae, [imprudens], f.,
lack of foresight, indiscretion, igno-
rance, [imprudence.

impubes, -eris, [in- + pubes], adj ,
under age ; unmarried (vi. 21).

impugno, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
pugnS], 1, attack, make an attack
on (i. 44) ; fight (iii. 26). [impugn.

impulsus, -us, [impellS], m., push;
instigation (v. 25). [impulse.

impulsus, see impellS.

impune [impunis, from in- + poe-
na], adv., without punishment, with
impunity, i. 14.

impunitas, -atis, [impunis, fromin-
+ poena], f., exemption from pun-
ishment, impunity, i. 14. [impunity.

Imus, see inferus.

in, prep, with ace. and abl. :

(1) With the ace.: into, to, up
to, towards, against; until, till ;
for, with a view to ; in, respecting,
concerning, according to; after,

(2) With the abl. : in, within, on,
upon, among, over ; in the course of,
within, during, while; involved in,
in case of, in relation to, respecting.

In composition in retains its
form before the vowels and most of
the consonants; is often changed to
il- before 1, ir- before r; usually
becomes im- before m, b, p.

in-, inseparable prefix, = un-, not, as
in incertus, uncertain.

inanis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., empty (v. 23); vain, useless
(vii. 19). [inane.

incaute, comp. incautius, [incau-
tus], adv., carelessly, vii. 27.

incautus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [in- +
cautus, cf. caveS], adj., off one's
guard, vi. 30. [incautious.

incedS, -cedere, -cessi, [in+cedS,
go], 3, go forward, move {forward) ;
come upon, enter (C. in. 74).

incendium, -I, [cf. incendS], n.,
fire, conflagration, [incendiary.

incendS, -cendere.-cendi, -census,
[in, cf. candeo, shine], 3, setonfire,
burn; rouse, excite (vii. 4). [in-

incensus, see incendS.

inceptus, see incipiS.

incertus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + certus], adj., un-
certain, doubtful; undecided (vii.
62); indefinite (vii. 16); of reports,
unreliable, unauthenlicated (iv. 5);
of a military formation, in disorder
(iv. 32).

incido, -cidere, -cidi, [in -f- cadS],
3, with in and the ace, fall in with,
come upon, fall in the way of (i. 53;
vi. 30); occur, happen (vii. 3); of
war, break out (ii. 14, vi. 15). [in-

incido, -cidere. -cidi, -clsus, [in +
caedS], ^, cut into. ii. 17. [incise.

incipiS, -cipere, -c§pi, -ceptus, [in




+ capio], 3, begin, commence, un-
dertake, [incipient.

incisus, see incido.

incitatio, -onis, [incitS], f., a rous-
ing, spurring on. C. III. 92.

incito, -are, -avi, -atus, [in + cito,
move rapidly], I, urge, urge on,
hurry ; of vessels, drive forward
with oars, drive (iii. 14 ; iv. 25 ;
vii. 60 ; C. II. 6) ; of horses, urge
on, spur ; of water, with se, rush
against (iv. 17), run in (iii. 12);
of men, rouse, stir up, excite ; spur
on (iii. 10) ; exasperate (vii. 28) .

incognitus, -a, -um, [in- + part, of
cognosco], adj., unknown, not
known, iv. 20, 29. [incognito.

incolo, -colere, -colui, [in + colo],
3, intrans., live, dwell; trans., in-
habit, dwell in, live in.

incolumis, -e, adj., safe, unharmed,
uninj hired, unhurt.

incommode, comp. -ius, sup. -issime,
[incommodus], adv., inconven-
iently; unfortunately (v. 33).

incommodum, -i, [incommodus],
n., inconvenience, disadvantage;
misfortune, disaster, injury, de-
feat, quid incommodi, any harm
(vi. 13), what disadvantage (vii.

incredibilis, -e, [in- + credibilis],

adj., beyond belief, extraordinary,

incredible, [incredible.
increpito, -are, [freq. of increpo,

chide'}, I, reproach, rebuke (ii. 15);

taunt (ii. 30).
incumbo, -ere, incubui, incubitus,

[in + cumbo for cubo, lie], 3,

press upon ; devote one's self to (vii.

76). [incumbent.
incur sio. -onis, [incurro], f., inva-
sion, raid, inroad, [incursion.
incursus, -us, [incurro], m., onrush

(ii. 20); assault, attack (vii. 36).

incuso, -are, -avl, -atus, [in 4
causa], \, find fault with, accuse;
chide, rebuke (i. 40; ii. 15).

inde, adv., of place, from that place,
thence ; of time, after that, then (vii.

indicium, -i, [cf. indico, reveal], n.,
information, disclosure.

indico, -dicere, -dixi, -dictus, [in -f
dico], 3, proclaim, declare; of a
council, call, appoint, [indict.

indictus, see indico.

indictus, -a, -um, [in- + dictus],
adj., unsaid; of a case, untried
(v.i. 38).

indigeo, -ere, indigrui, [indu, for in,
+ eg-eS], 2, be in want of, lack.
C. 11. 35. [indigent.

indigne, comp. -ius, sup. indignis-
sime, [indignus], adv., unworthily,
shamefully, vii. 38.

indignitas, -atis, [indignus], f.,
shamefulness (vii. 56) ; indignity,
ill-treatment (ii. 14). [indignity.

indignor, -ari, -atus, [indignus], 1,
dep., consider unworthy; be indig-
nant (vii. 19). [indignant.

indignus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + dignus], adj., un-
worthy, v. 35; vii. 17.

indiligens, -entis, comp. -ior, [in- +
diligens], adj., negligent, remiss.
vii. 71.

indiligenter, comp. -ius, [indili-
gens], adv., negligently, carelessly.

"• 33-

indiligentia, -ae, [indiligens], f.,
negligence, carelessness, vii. 17.

induco, -ducere, -duxl, -ductus,
[in + duco], 3, lead in; lead on,
induce, influence (i. 2, 27) ; cover
(ii. 33). [induce.

inductus, see induco.

indulgentia, -ae, [indulgens], f.,
favor, kindness, vii. 63. [indul-




indulged, -dulgere, -dulsl, 2, be kina
to, favor, [indulge.

induo, -duere, -dui, -dutus, 3, put
on (ii. 21); with se, pierce, stab
themselves (vii. 73, 82).

industria, -ae, [industrius], f , ac-
tivity, energy. C. li. 4, m. 73. [in-

industrie [industrius], adv., ac-
tively, energetically, vii. 60, C. III.


indutiae, -arum, f., pi., truce, armis-
tice, iv. 12, 13.

Indutiomarus, -i, m., (in-du" sh(y)o-
ma' rus), a Treveran, rival of Cin-
getorix and hostile to Caesar.

ineo, -ire, -ii, -itus, [in + eo], irr.,
enter, enter upon, begin; of favor,
win (vi. 43) ; of a plan, form ; of
an account or enumeration, cast up,

inermis, -e, and (i. 40) inermus, -a,
-una, [in- + arma], adj., unarmed,
■without arms.

iners, -ertis, comp. inertior, sup. in-
ertissimus, [in- + ars], adj., indo-
lent ; unmanly (iv. 2). [inert.

infamia, -ae, [infamis, from in- +
fama], f., disgrace, dishonor, [in-

infans, -antis, comp. infantior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + part, of for, speak],
adj., without speech. As noun, m.
and f., (lit. one not speaking), child,
infant (vii. 28, 47). [infant.

Infectus, -a, -um, [in- 4- f actus],
adj., not done, unaccomplished. in-
fecta re, without accomplishing his
{their) purpose (vi. 12, vii. 17, 82).

infero, -ferre, intuli, ill&tus, [in 4-
ter$~\,\rr., bring in, import (ii. 15);
throzv upon (vii. 22), throw into (vi.
19) ; of injuries, inflict ; of hope
and fear, inspire, infuse ; of an ex-
cuse, offer, allege (i. 39) ; of wounds,
make, give. bellum inferre, to

make war. sigrna inferre, to ad-
vance, in equum inferre, to put
on a horse (vi. 30). [infer.

inferus, -a, -um, comp. inferior, sup.
infimus or imus, adj., below, under-
neath ; comp., lower, inferior ; sup.,
lowest, at the bottom. sub inflmo
colle, at the foot of the hill (vii. 49).
Neut. as noun, ab inflm5, from the
foot (vii. 19), at the bottom (vii. 73);
ad inflmum, toward the bottom
(vii. 73); ab imo, from the bottom
(Hi. 19), at the lower end (iv. 17).

infestus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, adj., hostile, threatening.

Inficio, -flcere, -feci, -fectus, [in -f-
facio], 3, stain, v. 14. [infect.

Infidelis, -e, sup. -issimus, [in- +
fldelis], adj., unfaithful, untrust-
worthy, vii. 59. [infidel.

Infigo, -figere, -fixi, -fixus, [in 4-
figo], 3, fasten in. vii. 73. [in-

infimus, see inferus.

lnfimtus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [in- 4-
finitus, from fmi5], adj., unlim-
ited, boundless ; vast, immense; num-
berless (v. 12). [infinite.

infirmitas, -atis, [infirmus], {^weak-
ness, feebleness (vii. 26); fickleness
( iv - 5» J 3). [infirmity.

infirmus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + firmus], adj., not
strong, weak; depressed, timid (iii.
24) ; comp., less strong (iv. 3) . [in-

inflate, comp. inflatius, [infl&tus],
adv., boastfully. C. II. 39.

Inflecto, -flectere. -flexi. -flexus,
[in 4- fleets], 3, bend. i. 25; ii.
17. [inflect.

Inflexus, see inflectO.

influo, -fluere, -fluxi. [in + flu6], 3,
flow into, flow ; drain into (vii. 57).




infodio, -fodere, -fodi, -fossus, [in
+ fodio], 3, bury. vii. 73.

infra, [for Infera, sc. parte], adv.
and prep. :

(1) As adv., below, iv. 36; vii.

(2) As prep., with ace, below.

Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 63 of 73)