Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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vi. 28, 35.

infringd, -fringere, -fregri, -fractus,
[in + frangoj, 3, break off; break,
lessen (C. 111. 92). [infraction.

ingens, -entis, comp. ing-entior, adj.,
large, vast, great ; of size of body,
huge (1. 39).

ingratus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- 4- grratus], adj., un-
acceptable, unwelcome, [ingrate.

ingredior, -gredi, -gressus, [in +
grradior, step], 3, dep., advance;
enter, go into (ii. 4; v. 9) . [ingress.

inicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [in +
iacio], 3, ihrotv in; lay on{\\. 17) ;
place on, put on (vii. 58); inspire,
infuse (i. 46); of fear, strike into
(iv. 19; vii. 55). [inject.

iniectus, see iniciS.

inimicitia, -ae, [inimlcus], f., en-
mity, vi. 12.

inimicus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + amicus], adj., un-
friendly, hostile. As noun, ini-
micus, -i. m., enemy, personal en-
emy, as distinguished from hostis,
a public enemy ; adversary, [inimi-

inlquitas, -atis, [iniquus], f., un-
evenness ; unfairness, unreasonable-
ness ; disadvantage. inlquitas
loci, unfavorableness of {the) posi-
tion, disadvantageous position, [in-

iniquus, -a. -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [in- + aequusl, adj., un-
even, sloping; unfavorable, disad-
vantageous; unfair, unjust (i.

initium, -i, [cf. ineo], n., beginning,
commencement ; pi., elements, first
principles (vi. 17). [initial.

initurus, see ineo.

initus, -a, -um, see ineo.

iniungo, -iungrere, -iunxi, -iunctus,
[in + iungo], 3, fasten upon, im-
pose, vii. 77. [enjoin.

iniuria, -ae, [iniurius, in- + ius],
f., wrong, outrage, injustice, injury.

iniussus, -us, [in- + iussus], m.,
only abl. in use, without command,
without orders, i. 19; v. 28.

innascor, -nasci, -natus, [in -f nas-
cor], 3, dep., be born in, be latent
in (vii. 42, Cm. 92); spring up in,
arise in (i. 41). [innate.

innatus, -a, -um, see innascor.

innitor, -niti, -nixus or -nlsus, [in -f-
nitor], 3, dep., support one's self
with, lean upon. ii. 27.

innixus, see innitor.

innocens, -entis, comp. innocen-
tior, sup. -issimus, [in- + nocens,
from noceo], adj., blameless, inno-
cent. As noun, innocentes, -ium,
m., pi., the innocent (vi. 9), innocent
men (vi. 16). [innocent.

innocentia, -ae, [innocens], f.,
blamelessness, integrity, i. 40. [in-

inopia, -ae, [inops, needy - ], {., 7vanl,
lack, need, shortage, scarcity.

inopinans, -antis, [in- + opinans,
from opinor], adj., not expecting,
unawares, off one 's guard.

inquam, inquis, inquit, present in-
dicative, def., say, says.

Tnsciens, -entis, [in- + sciens, from
scio], adj., not knowing, unazuare.

Inscientia, -ae, [insciens], f., igno-
rance, lack of knotvledge.

Tnscius, -a, -um, [in-, cf. scio], adj.,

not knowing, unatvare, ignorant.
Insecutus, see insequor.




insequor, -sequl, -secutus, [in +
sequor], 3, &e\>., follow up, pursue,
follato in pursuit.

Insero, -serere, -serul, -sertus, [in
-+- serS], $, fasten in. iii. 14. [in-

insidiae, -arum, [cf. inside5], f.,
pi., ambush, ambuscade ; artifice,
device, trap, pitfall. per Insidias,
by stratagem (i. 42; iv. 13). [in-

msidior, -arl, -atus, [insidiae], 1,
dep., lurk in ambush, lie in wait.

insigne, -is, [Insignia], n., sign,
mark, signal ; decoration, [ensign.

insignia, -e, comp. -ior, [in + sig-
num], adj., noteworthy, i. 12.

insilio, -silire, -silul, [in + salio,
leap], 4, leap upon. i. 52.

Insimulo, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
simulo], 1, charge with, accuse of;
with gen. vii. 20, 38.

Insinuo, -are, -avi, -atus, [in +
sinuo, curve], 1, push in; with se,
make one's way (iv. 33). [insinu-

insisto, -sistere, -stiti, [in + sisto],
3, stand, stand upon, keep one's foot-
ing ; press on; follow, pursue (iii.
14)- t5tus insistit in, he devotes
himself wholly to (vi. 5). [insist.

InsolSns, -entis, [In-, sole5], adj.,
unusual, Insolens belli, unaccus-
tomed to war (C. 11. 36). [inso-

insolenter [insolens], adv., arro-
gantly, haughtily, i. 14.

Tnsolitus, -a, -una. [in- 4- solitus],
adj., unaccustomed. C. III. 85.

inspects, -are, only pres. part, in
use, [freq. of InspiciO], 1, look at,
look. inspectantibus nSbis,

under our own eyes (vii. 25). [in-

Instabilis, -e, [in- + stabilis, from
St5], adj., unsteady, iv. 23.

instans, -antis, comp. instant ior.
[part, of InstS], adj., impending,
pressing, vi. 4. [instant.

mstar, n., indecl., likeness ; followed
by gen., like (li. 17).

instigo, -are, -avi, -atus, I, urge on,
incite, v. 56. [instigate.

instituo, -stituere, -stitui, -stitu-
tus, [in -f statu5], 3, of troops,
drazu up, arrange; devise, build,
construct; make; make ready, fur-
nish ; obtain (ill. 9) ; establish, insti-
tute (vi. 16); undertake, commence,
begin ; resolve upon, determine ;
train, teach, [institute (verb).

institutum, -i, [instituo J, n., plan,
practice (i. 50? vii. 24); custom,
usage (iv. 20; vi. 18); institution
(i. 1); arrangement, disposition
(C. in. 84). [institute (noun).

Institutus. see instituo.

insto, -stare, -stiti, -staturus, [in +
sto], 1, be near at hand, approach;
press on, press forward.

instrumentum, -i, [InstruS], n.,
tool; singular with collective force,
stock, outfit, militare Instrumen-
tum, stock of weapons (vi. 30).

instruo, -struere, -struxi. -strtlc-
tus, [in + struS, build], 3, build,
construct ; of troops, draw up, form ;
fit out, equip, supply (v. 5; vii. 59;
C. in. 61). [instruct.

Insuefactus, -a, -um. [Insu§scS +
faci5], adj., accustomed, trained.
iv. 24.

insuetus, -a, -um, [part, of Insues-
c5l, adj., unaccustomed.

insula, -ae, f., island, [insular.

insuper [in + super], adv., above,
on top. iv. 17; vii. 23.

integer, -gra, -grum, comp. inte-
grior, sup. integerrimus, [in- +
TAG in tangS], adj., untouched,
whole, unhurt, undamaged ; fresh,




vigorous. re integra, at the out-
set (vii. 30). As noun, integri,
-orum, m., p\., fresh troops, [integer.

intego, -tegere, -texi, -tectus, [in
-+- tego], 3, cover, cover over.

intellego, -legere, -lexi, -lectus,
[inter + lego], 3, understand, see
clearly, realize, [intelligent.

intentus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of intendo], adj.,
attentive, eager, intent, [intent.

inter, prep, with ace, between, among;
of time, during, for (i. 36). in-
ter se, with each other, among them-
selves, with one another.

intercedo, -cedere, -cessi, -cessu-
rus, [inter + cedo], 3, go between,
be placed between (ii. 17); lie be-
tween (i. 39; v. 52; vii. 26, 46, 47) ;
of time, intervene, pass (i. 7; v. 53) ;
take place, occur (v. 1 1 ). [intercede.

intercessio, -onis, [intercedo], f., .
interposition, protest. C. 1. 7. [in-

intercipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptus,
[inter + capio], 3, cut off, inter-
cept, [intercept.

intercludo, -clu^re, -ciasi, -clu-
sus, [inter 4- ciaudo], 3, shut off,
cutoff; block up,b nkade, hinder.

inter dico, -dicere, dixi, -dictus,
[inter -)- dico], 3, forbid, prohibit,
exclude, interdict; followed by a
prohibition, enjoin (v. 58; vii. 40).

interdiu, [inter, cf. dies], adv., in
the daytit?ie, by day.

interdum, [inter + dum], adv., for
a lime, for a season (i. 14) ; some-
limes (i. 39).

interea, [inter + ea], adv., in the
mean time, meanwhile.

intereo, -ire, -ii, -iturus, [inter +
eo], 4, perish, be destroyed, die.

interficio, -flcere, -feci, -fectus, [in-
ter -f facio], 3, slay, kill.

intericio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [in-
ter + iacio], 3, throw between,
place between, put between; pass,
part., interiectus, lying between,
intervening, [interject.

interiectus, see intericiS.

interim, [inter + -im], adv., in the
mean time, meanwhile.

interior,-ius, gen. -oris, sup. intimus,
[inter], adj. in comp. degree, inner,
interior. As noun, interiores,
■um, m., pi., those living in the in-
terior (v. 14), those within the city
(vii. 82, 86). [interior.

interitus, -us, [intereo], m., destruc-
tion, death, v. 47.

intermi tt 6 , -mittere . -misi , -missus ,
[inter + mitto], 3, leave an inter-
val, leave vacant; leave off, leave;
stop, break, cease, discontinue; inter-
rupt, suspend ; pass., of fire, abate
(v. 43), of wind, fail (v. 8). [inter-

internecio, -onis, [cf. interneco, de-
stroy], f., slaughter (i. 13); utter
destruction (ii. 28). [internecine.

interpello, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, inter-
rupt ; disturb, hinder (i. 44). [in-

interpono, -p5nere, -posui, -posi-
tus, [inter + pon5], 3, place be-
tween, put between, interpose ; put
forzvard (i. 42) ; present, manifest
(iv. 32) ; of time, suffer to elapse.
fldem interponere, to pledge one's
honor (v. 6, 36). [interpose.

interpres, -pretis, m., interpreter,
i. 19; v. 36. [interpreter.

interpretor, -ari, -atus, [interpres],
1, dep., explain, expound, vi. 13.

interrogo, -are, -avi, -atus, [inter
+ rogo], 1, ask, question, vii. 20.

interrumpo, -rumpere, -rupi, -rup-
tus, [inter + rumpo], 3, break




down, destroy, vii. 19, 34. [inter-

interscindo, -scindere, -scidi, -scis-
sus, [inter + scindo], 3, cut down
(ii. 9); cut through (vii. 24).

inter sum, -esse, -fui, irr., be between,
lie between ; be present at, take part
in. Impers., interest, it concerns,
is important, magni interest, it
is of great importance (v. 4, vi. 1).
neque interest, and it makes no
difference (vii. 14). [interest.

intervallum, -i, [inter + vallum],
n., room between two palisades, in-
terval, space, distance, [interval.

intervenio,-venire, -veni, -ventum
est, [inter + venio], 4, arrive (vi.
37) ; appear, present one's self (vii.
20). [intervene.

interventus, -us, [intervenio], m.,
intervention, iii. 15.

intexo,-texere, -texui, -textus, [in
+ texo, weave"], 3, weave in, inter-
weave, ii. 33.

intoleranter, comp. -ius, sup. -issime,
[intolerans], adv., unendurably ;
violently (vn. 51).

intra, [for intera, sc. parte], prep,
with ace, inside of, within.

intritus, [in- -f part, of ter5, rub],
adj., unworn ; unwearied, fresh (iii.

intro, adv., within, inside.

intro, -are, -avi, -atus, [in + *tro,
cf. trans], 1, enter, go in. [enter.

introduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus,
[intrS + duc5], 3, lead into, bring
into, [introduce.

introeo, -ire, -ivi, [intrS + e5], irr.,
go in; come in, enter (v. 43).

introitus, -us, [introeS], m., an
entering; entrance (v. 9). [introit.

intromissus, see intr5mitt5.

intromitto, -mittere, -misi, -mis-
sus, [intrS + mitt5], 3, send into,
send in ; let in ; bring in (v. 58).

introrsus, [intrS + versus], adv.,
within, inside.

introrumpo. -rumpere, -rupi, -rup-
tus, [intrS + rumpS, break], 3,
burst into ; break in (v. 51).

intueor, -tueri, -tuitus, [in -f tu-
eor], 2, dep., look upon. i. 32.

intuleram, see InferO.

intuli, see infero.

intus, adv., ivithin, on the inside.

inusitatus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [in-
-f part, of usitor, freq. of utor],
adj., unfamiliar, unwonted, tmprece-

inutilis, -e, comp. -ior, [in- + utilis],
adj., useless, unserviceable, of no use ;
disadvantageous (vii. 27). [inutile.

invenio, -venire, -veni, -ventus, [in
+ veni6], 4, come upon, find, dis-
cover; find out, learn (ii. 16). [in-

inventor, -5ris, [invenio], m., origi-
nator, inventor, vi. 17. [inventor.

inveterasco, -ere, inveteravi, [in
-f- veterasco, from vetus], 3, grow
old; become established, become fixed
(v. 41); establish one's self (ii. 1).
[cf. inveterate.

invictus, -a, -um, [in- -f part, of
vincS], adj., unconquerable, invinci-
ble, i. 36.

invideo, -videre, -vidi, -visus, [in
+ vide5], 2, look askance at; envy

(»• 30-

invidia, -ae, [invidus], f., envy,
jealousy, [envy.

inviolatus, -a, -um, [in- + part, of
vio\6],a.(\}., inviolable, iii. 9. [in-

invisitatus, -a, -um, [in- + visita-
tus], adj., unseen. C. 1 1. 4.

invito, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, invite,
request (i. 35; iv. 6); entice, attract
(v. 51 ; vi. 35). [invite.

invitus, -a, -um, sup. -issimus, adj.,




unwilling, reluctant. se invito
(I. 8; iv. 16), eo invito (i. 14),
against his zvill.

ipse, -a, -um, gen. ipsius, dem. pron.,
self; himself, herself, itself, them-
selves ; he, they (emphatic); very.
hoc ipso tempore, just at this mo-
ment (vi. 37).

iracundia, -ae, [Iracundus], f.,
anger, passion, vi. 5 ; vii. 42.

iracundus, -a,-um, comp. -ior, [ira],
adj., passionate, quick-tempered, i.
31. [iracund.

irrldeo, -ridere, -risl, -risus, [in +
rideo, laugh], 2, laugh at, make fun
of, ridicule, ii. 30.

irridicule, [in- + ridicule], adv.,
without wit. i. 42.

irrumpo, -rumpere, -rttpi, -ruptus,
[in + rumpo, break], 3, break into,
burst into, rush in.

irruptio, -onis, [irrumpo], f., raid
(vii. 7); attack (vii. 70). [irrup-

is, ea, id, gen. eius, dem. pron., he,
she, it; that, this, the, the one ; before
ut, is = talis, such; after et, and
that too ; after neque, and that not
(iii. 2) ; with comparatives, abl. eo =
the, all the, as eo magis, all the more.

iste, -a, -ud, gen. istius, dem. pron.,
that, that of yours, vii. 77.

ita, [cf. is], adv., in this way, so, thus ;
in the following manner, in such a
way, accordingly. non ita, not so
very, not very (iv. 37; v. 47).

Italia, -ae, f., Italy. [Italy.

itaque, = et ita, and so (i. 52).

itaque, [ita + -que], adv., and thus,
accordingly, therefore, consequently.

item, adv., also, further ; just so, in
like manner, [item.

iter, itineris, [cf. eo, ire], n., jour-
ney, line of march, march ; road,
route. magnum iter, forced

march, from 20 to 25 miles a day.

ex itinere, directly after marching,
from the line of march ; used of a
force which turns from marching at
once, without encamping, to attack
an enemy in the field (i. 25) , to storm
a town (ii. 6, 12; iii. 21), or to re-
treat (ii. 29). [itinerary.

iterum, adv., again, a second time.

Itius, -i, m. , portus Itius (ish' [y]us),
harbor from which Caesar sailed to
Britain, probably Boulogne.

itiirus, see e5.

iuba, -ae, f., mane. i. 48.

Iuba, -ae, m., Juba (ju' ba), a king of
Numidia, who joined the side of
Pompey in the Civil War.

iubeo, iubere, iussl, iussus, 2, order,
give orders, bid, command, [jussive.

iudicium, -I, [iudex,y«^], n., legal
judgment, decision, decree ; place of
judgment, trial (i. 4) ; opinion, judg-
ment, [judicial.

iudico, -are, -avi, -jitus, [iudex],
I, judge, decide; think, be of the
opinion; pronounce, declare (v. 56).
[judge (verb).

iugum, -i, [iug, cf. iungo], n., yoke
(i. 7, 12; iv. 33) ; of hills and moun-
tains, ridge, summit, height.

iumentum, -i, [for *iugumentum,
root iug in iungfo], n., yoke-animal,
beast of burden, draught-animal,
used of horses, mules, and asses.

iunctiira, -ae, [iungo], f., juncture,
joint, iv. 17. [juncture.

iiinctus, see iung-o.

iungo, -ere, iunxi, iunctus, 3, join
together, join, connect, unite, [join.

iiinior, see iuvenis.

Iunius, -l, m., Quintus Junius (jun'-
yus), a Roman of Spanish birth in
Caesar's army. v. 27, 28.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m., Jupiter (ju'pi-
ter). vi. 17. Fig. 200. [jovial.

Iura, -ae, m., Jura (jii'ra), a range
of mountains extending from the




Rhine to the Rhone (about 170
miles), and forming the boundary
between the Helvetians and the
Sequanians. i. 2, 6, 8.

Figure 200. — Bust of Jupiter, discovered at Pompeii.

Of marble. " The god is following with closest attention the
course of events in some far distant place, affairs that in the
next moment may require his intervention ; excitement and
expectancy are seen in the raised upper lip. The ideal of this
sculptor was the wise and powerful king, whose watchful and
all-protective eye sees to the furthest limits of his kingdom "

itis reddere, to render justice (vi.
13). ius dicere, to administer jus-
tice (vi. 23). iara in hos, rights
over these (vi. 13).

ius iurandum, iuris iu-
randi, [ius ■+■ gerun-
dive of iuro], n., oath.

iussus, -as, [iubeo],
m., used only in abl.
sing., order ; bidding,
command, vii. 3.

iiistitia, -ae, [iustus],
f., justice, fair-deal-
ing, [justxe.

iustus, -a, -urn, comp.
-ior, sup. -issimus,
[ius], ad]., just, right-
ful, fair ; proper, suit-
able, due. [just.

iuvenis, -e, comp. iu-
nior, adj., young. As
noun, iuniores, -urn,
m., pi., younger men,
of military age, under
forty-six years (vii. 1).

iuventus, -utis, [iu-
venis], (., youth;
young men.

iuvo, -are, iuvi, iutus,
1, help, aid, assist.

iuxta, adv., near
near, [jostle.



iuro, -are, -avi, -atus, [ius], 1, take
an oath, swear, [jury.

ius. iuris, n., right, justice, authority.
ittre belli, by the laws of war (i. 44;
vii. 41). in su6 iure, in the exer-
cise of his own rights (1. 36, 44).

Kal. = Kalendae.

Kalendae. -arum. f..
pi., Calends, the first
day of the month.

L., with proper names = Lucius.
Labeiius. i, m., see Durus.
Labienus. -I, m., Titus labienus (la-
bj-e' nus). the most prominent of




Caesar's lieutenants in the Gallic
War; in the Civil War he went
over to the side of Pompey, but
displayed small abilities as a com-
mander, and fell at the battle of
Munda, 45 B.C.

labor, labi, lapsus, 3, dep., slip; go
astray (v. 3) ; fail, be deceived, be
disappointed (v. 55). [lapse .

labor, -oris, m., toil, work, exertion,
labor ; endurance (iv. 2). [labor.

laboro, -are, -avi, -atus, [labor], 1,
make effort, labor, strive (i. 31 ; vii.
31); be hard pressed, be in distress,
be in danger, [labor (verb).

labrum, -I, [lab, cf. lambo, lick],
n., lip (v. 14); edge (vii. 72); rim,
brim (vi. 28).

lac, lactis, n., milk, [lacteal.

lacesso. -ere, -Ivi, -itus, [obsolete
lacio, entice], 3, arouse, provoke;
harass, assail, attack.

lacrima, -ae, f., tear, [lachrymal.

lacrimo, -are, -avi, -atus, [lac-
rima], 1, shed tears, weep. vii. 38.

lacus, -us, m., lake. [lake.

laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus, 3, in-
jure ; break, violate (vi. 9).

laetitia, -ae, [laetus], f., rejoicing,
joy, delight, v. 48, 52; vii. 79.

laetus, -a, -urn, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, adj., joyful, glad. Hi." 18.

languide, comp. languidius, [lan-
guidus], adv., feebly, lazily, vii. 27.

languidus, -a, um, comp. -ior, [cf.
languor], adj., weak, faint, ex-
hausted, iii. 5. [languid.

languor, -oris, [langueo, be faint],
m., faint ness ; exhaustion, weariness
(v. 31). [languor.

lapis, -idis, m., stone, [lapidary.

lapsus, see labor.

laqueus, -1, m., noose, vii. 22.

largior, largiri, largitus, [largus,
abundant], 4, dep., give freely, sup-
ply, bestow (vi. 24); bribe (i. 18).

largiter, [largus, abundant], adv.,
abundantly, much.

largitio, -onis, [largior], f., lavish
giving, bribery, i. 9. [largition.

Larisa, -ae, [Adpt<ra-a], f. (la-ris' a),
a city in Thessaly, now Larissa. C.
in. 96, 97, 98.

lassitudo, -inis, [lassus, weak], f.,
faintness, weariness, [lassitude.

late, comp. lathis, sup. latissime,
[latus], adv., widely, broadly, ex-
tensively, quam latissime, as far
as possible.

latebra, -ae, [cf. Iate5], f., hiding-
place, vi. 43. [latebricole.

lateo, latere, latui, 2, lie hid (ii.
19); be unnoticed (iii. 14). [latent.

latissime, see late.

latitudo, -inis, [latus], f., width,
breadth, extent, [latitude.

latius, see late.

Latobrigi, -drum, m., pi., (lat-o-
bri' jl), a people near the Helvetians.

latro, -onis, m., freebooter, robber.

latrocinium, -I, [latrdcinor, plun-
der], n., freebooting, brigandage, rob-
bery, vi. 16, 23, 35.

laturus, see fer5.

latus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup. -issi-
mus, adj., broad, wide ; of territory,
extensive (ii. 4; vi. 22).

latus, -eris, n., side; of an army,
flank. latus apertum, exposed
flank. ab latere, on the flank.

laudo, -are, -avi, -atus, [laus], 1,
praise, commend, compliment, [laud

laurea, -ae, [laurus, laurel], f.,
laurel tree; laurel (C. III. 71).

laus, laudis, f., praise, glory, com-
mendation, distinction, [laud.

lavo, -are, lavi, lautus and lotus,
1, wash; pass, lavari, used reflex-
ively, bathe (iv. 1). [lave.




laxo, -are, -avi, -atus, I, make wide,
spread out, extend, [laxative.

legatio, -5nis, [leg-5, despatch'], f.,
envoyship, mission (i. 3); referring
to persons (= legati), deputation,
embassy, envoys, [legation.

legatus, -I, [leg-6, despatch], m., en-
voy ; of the army, lieutenant, lieu-
tenant-general, [legate.

legio, -onis, [cf. lego, collect], f.,
legion, [legion.

legionarius, -a, -um, [leg-io], adj.,
of a legion, legionary, [legionary.

lego, -ere, legi, lectus, 3, bring to-
gether ; single out, select (C. ill. 59) ;
read, [legible.

legumen. -inis, [leg-5, gather], n.,
pulse. C. in. 47. [legume.

Lemannus, -1, m., with lacus, Lake

Lemovices, -urn, m., pi., (lem-o-
vl'sez), a Gallic people west of the

lenis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., smooth, gentle, [lenient.

lenitas, -atis, [lenis], f., smoothness
(1. 12); gentleness (C. III. 98).

leniter, comp. lenius, sup. -issime,
[lenis], adv., mildly, gently, slightly.

lente. [lentus], adv., comp. lentius,
slowly. C. 11. 40.

Lentulus, -I, m., (len' chulus) :

(1) Lucius Lentulus, consul in 49
B.C., a partisan of Pompey, who was
with him at the time of the battle of
Pharsalus (C. in. 96).

(2) See Spinther.
ISnunculuB, -I, m., boat, skiff. C. 11.


Lepontii, -5rum, m., pi., (le-pon'-
s h[y]>)» a people in the Alps.

Leptitam, -5rum, [Leptis], m.,
pi., (lep-ti-ta' ni), the inhabitants
of Leptis Minor, a city on the coast
of Africa southeast of Thapsus.

lepus, -oris, m., hare. v. 12.

Leuci, -orum, m., pi., (lu' si), a Gal-
lic state south of the Mediomatrici.
i. 40.

Levaci, -orum, m., pi., (le-va'si),a
Belgic people, dependents of the
Nervians. v. 39.

levis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., light, slight ; of a report, base-
less, unfounded (vii. 42); of an en-
gagement, unimportant (vii. 36,53).
Comp., more capricious (v. 28); less
serious (vii. 4).

levitas, -atis, [levis], f., lightness
( v - 34); fickleness, instability (ii. I;
vii. 43). [levity.

leviter, [levis], adv., comp. levius,
sup. levissime, lightly. C. in. 92.

levo, -are, -avi, -atus, [levis], 1,
lighten; relieve, free from (v. 27).

lex, leg-is. f., law, enactment, [legal.

Lexovii. -orum, m., pi., (leks-o' vi-T),
a Gallic state on the coast west of
the Sequana (Seine). Fig. 201.

Figure 201. — Coin of the Lexovii.

Bronze. Obverse, portrait ; inscription.
CISIAMBOS, probably the name of the man
whose portrait appears.

Reverse, eagle; inscription, PUBLICOS

libenter, comp. libentius, sup. liben-
tissime, [libens, glad], adv., will-
ingly, gladly, cheerfully.

liber, -era, -erum, comp. -ior, sup.
liberrimus, adj.,//w, independent ;
tin impeded, unrestricted, [liberal.

liberalitas, -atis. [liberalis], U gen-
erosity (i. 18) ; generous help (i. 43).




liberaliter, comp. liberalius, sup.
-issime, [liberalis], adv., gra-
ciously, courteously, kindly.

libere, comp. -ius, [liber], adv.,
freely, without hindrance (vii. 49);
boldly (v. 19); openly (i. 18 ; vii. 1).

liberi, -orum, m., pi., children.

libero, -are, -avi, -atus, [liber], 1,
set free, free ; release, relieve, [lib-

libertas, -atis, [liber], f., freedom,
liberty, independence, [liberty.

Libd, -onis, m., Lucius Scribonius
Libo (skri-bo' ni-us H' bo), a partisan
of Pompey in the Civil War. C. III.

librilis, -e, [libra, pound], adj.,
weighing a pound, vii. 81.

licentia, -ae, [licens, licet], f., law-
lessness ; presumption (vii. 52).

liceor, liceri, licitus, 2, dep., bid,
make a bid, at an auction, i. 18.

licet, licere, licuit and licitum est,
2, impers., it is allowed, lawful, per-
mitted, licet mihi, / am allowed,
I may. petere ut liceat, to ask
permission, [licit.

Licinius, -i, m., Licinius (li-sin' i-us),
a Roman name :

( 1 ) Licinius Crassus, see Crassus.

(2) Licinius Damasippus (dam-
a-sip' us), a Roman senator on the
side of Pompey in the Civil War.
C. 11. 44

lictor, -oris, m., lictor, an attendant
upon a Roman magistrate. C. 1. 6.

Liger, -eris, m., (li'jer), L.oire, which
rises in the Cevennes ( Cebenna)
mountains, flows northwest, receives
as a tributary the Allier (Elaver),
flows west, and empties into the
Atlantic, after a course of more than
500 miles, iii. 9; vii. 5, 1 1, 55, 59.

lignatio, -onis, [lignor, from lig-

Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 64 of 73)