Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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[proceed.

Procillus, (pro-sil' us), see Vale-
rius (4).

proclino, -are, -avi, -atus, [prO 4-
clinS, bend~], I, bend forward, lean
forward ; pass., become desperate (vii.
42).

proconsul, -ulis, [pro -f cSnsul],
m., proconsul, an ex-consul appointed
as governor of a province.

procul, adv., at a distance, from afar,
far off.

procumbo, -cumbere, -cubui, [pr5
+ cumbo, for cubo, lie down], 3,
fall prostrate (vii. 15); sink down
(ii. 27); be beaten down (vi. 43); lie
down (vi. 27) ; lean forward (iv. 17).

procuratio, -onis, [procur5], f.,
charge, management. C. III. 104.

procuro, -are, -avi, -atus, [pr5 -f
ctiro], 1, look after, have charge of,
regulate, vi. 13. [procure.

procurro, -currere, -cucurri or
-curri, [pro 4- curro], 3, run for-
ward, hasten forward, rush forzvard.

prodeo, -ire, -ii, -itum est, [pr6d-,
for pro, + ©6], irr., come out, come
forth, advance.

prodesse, see pr5sum.

proditio, -onis, [prSdo], f. , treachery.

proditor, -oris, [prodo], m., traitor.

proditus, see prSdo.

prodo, -dere, -didi, -ditus, [pr5 4-
do], 3, give forth, make known;
transmit, hand down; surrender,
betray ; give up, abandon (iv. 25).

produco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus,
[pr6 -|- duc6], 3, bring out, lead
forth ; prolong (iv. 30) . [product.

productus, see produce.

proelior, -&ri, -atus, [proelium], 1,
(\ep.,f^bt.

proelium, -i, n., battle, combat, engage-
ment.



profectio



93



propinquus



profectio, -onis, [proflclscor], f.,

departure , setting out.
profectus, see proflcio.
profectus, see proflclscor.
profero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus, [pro -f-

fero], irr., bring out, bring forth.
proficio,-flcere, -feci, -fectus, [pro

+ faciS], 3, effect, gain, accomplish.

[profit.
proficiscor, -ficisci, -fectus, [pr5-

flcio], 3, dep., set out, depart ; set

out (for}, proceed.
profiteor, -flteri, -fessus, [pro, =

pro, + fateor, confess], 2, dep., de-
clare openly, avow (VII. 2, 37) ; offer,
promise, [profess.
profligo, -are, -avi, -atus, [pro +

fligo, strike], 1, put to flight, I'out.

ii. 23; vii. 13. [profligate.
profluo, -fluere, -fluxi, [pro -f-

fluo], 3, flow forth, iv. 10.
profugio, -fugere, -fugi, [pro, =

pro, + fugiS], 3, flee, escape.
profui, see prosum.
profundo, -fundere, -fudi, -fusus,

[pr5 -f fundS], 3, pour forth. se

profudit, rushed forward (C. in.

93)-

prognatus, -a, -um, [pro + (g)na-
tus, from (g-)nascor], adj., sprung,
descended, ii. 29; vi. 18.

progredior, -gredl, -gressus, [pr5
+ gradior, step], 3, dep., advance,
go forward, proceed, [progress.

progressus, see progredior.

prohibeo, -hibere, -hibui, -hibitus,
[pro + habeo], 2, hold, restrain;
keep off, prevent, hinder ; cut off,
shut off; protect, defend. [pro-
hibit.

proicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [pro
+ iacio], 3, throiv forward, throw,
fling, cast; of arms, throw down ;
abandon, lose ( ii. 15). se proicere,
to leap down (iv. 25), to prostrate
one's self (i. 27, 31). proiectae,



pass, as middle, casting themselves
(vii. 26). [project.

proinde [pro •+- inde], adv., hence,
therefore, and so. proinde ac si,
just as if {C in. 60).

promined, -minere, -minui, 2, bend
forward, lean forward, [prominent.

promiscue [promiscuus], adv., in
common, promiscuously, vi. 21.

promissrs, -a, -una, [part, of pro-
mitto], adj., of hair, hanging down,
flowing, v. 14.

promotus, see promoveo.

promoveo, -movere, -movi, -m5-
tus, [pro + moveo], 2, move for-
ward, push forward, [promote.

promptus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [part, of promo, bring for-
zvard], adj., ready, quick, [prompt.

promunturium, -i, [cf. promineo],
n., headland, iii. 12. [promontory.

prone [pronus], adv., bending for-
ward, leaning forward, iv. 17.

pronuntio, -are, -avi, -atus, [pro
+ nuntio], 1, tell openly, declare;
announce, give notice. Impers., pr5-
ntintiatur, notice is given, [pro-
nounce.

prope, comp. propius, sup. proximo,
adv., near, nearly, almost ; followed
by the ace., near. proximo, near-
est, next, very near ; last, most re-
cently.

propello, -pellere, -puli, -pulsus,
[pro + pello], 3, drive away, put
to flight, rout; force back (v. 44).
[propel.

propero, -are, -avi, -atus, [prope-
rus, quick], 1, hurry, make haste,
hasten.

propinquitas, -atis, [propinquus],
f., nearness, vicinity; relationship
(ii. 4). [propinquity.

propinquus, -a, -um, comp. -ior,
[prope], adj., near, neighboring.
As noun, propinquus, -i, m., rela-



propior



94



provlsus



tive ; pi., propinqui, -orum, m.,

relatives, kinsfolk; propinquae,

-arum, f., female relatives (i. 18).
propior, -us, gen. propiSris, adj. in

comp. degree, sup. proximus, [cf.

prope], positive wanting, nearer.

proximus, -a, -um, nearest, next,

last, of space or time. proxima

nocte, on the following night.

[proximate.
propius. see prope.
propono, -ponere, -posui, -positus,

[pr6 + pono], 3, set forth, put jor-

ward, present; declare, explain;

propose, intend; raise, display (ii.

20). [propose.
proposition, -I, [propositus], n.,

intention, purpose. C. ill. 84.
propositus, see propono.
.proprius, -a, -um, adj., one's own,

particular, peculiar, characteristic.

vi. 22, 23. [proper.
propter, prep, with ace. only, on ac-
count of, in consequence of.
propterea [propter + ea], adv., for

this reason, therefore. propterea

quod, because.
propugnator, -oris, [propug-no],

m., defender, vii. 25.
propugno, -are, -avi, -atus, [pro -f-

pugrno], 1, come forth to fight (v.

9) ; fight on the defensive (ii. 7; vii.

86).
propulsS, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq.

of propello], 1, drive off, drive back

(i. 49); ward off, repel (vi. 15).
prora, -ae, [irpypa], i.,prow. [prow.
proruo, -ere, -ui, -utus, 3, throw

down ; tear down (iii. 26).
prosequor, -sequi, -secutus, [pro

+ sequor], 3, dep., follow after;

follow up, pursue; address (11. 5).

[prosecute.
prospectus, -us, [cf. pr5spici5], m.,

view, sight. in prSspectu, in

sight, visible (v. 10). [prospect.



prospicic, -spicere. spe^i, -spec-
tus, [pro + specio, look}, 3, look
out, see to it (v. 7); provide for,
look out for (i. 23; vii. 50).

prosterno, -sternere, -stravi, -stra-
tus, [pro f sterno, scatter"], 3,
overthrow, utterly cast doiun, destroy.
vii. 77. [prostrate.

prosum, prodesse, profui, [pro,
prod-, -f- sum], irr., be of advantage
to. vi. 40.

protego, -teg-ere, -texi, -tectus,
[pr5 + tegS], 3, cover, protect.
[protect.

proter6,-terere, -trivi, -tritus, [pro
+ tero], 3, wear away, destroy. C.
11. 41.

proterreo, -ere, -ui, -itus, [pro -f
terreo], 2, frighten away, drive off
by means of fright, v. 58; vii. 81 .

protinus [pro + tenus], adv., forth-
with, at once, immediately.

proturbo, -are, -avi, -atus, [pro +
turbS, disturb], 1, drive away, re-
pulse, ii. 19; vii. 81.

provectus, see proveho.

proveho, -vehere, -vexi, -vectus,
[pro (- veho], 3, carry forward {y.
8) ; pass, in a middle sense, put out
to sea.

provenio, -venire, -veni, -ventum
est, [pro + veniS], 4, come forth ;
grow (v. 24).

proventus, -us, [cf. proveniS], m.,
issue, result, outcome, vii 29, 80.

provideo, -videre, -vidi, -visus,
[pr5 {- videS], 2, foresee, per,
in advance ; provide for, look out for.
[provide.

provincia, -ae, f., province ; often the
Province, the part of Transalpine
Gaul subdued by the Romans before
58 b.v. [province.

provincialis, -e, [prSvincia], adj.,
of the province, vii. 7. [provincial.

provlsus, see pr6vide5.



provolo



95



quaestor



provolo, -arc, -avi, [pro + volo,
fly], i, fly forward, dash forth, ii. 19.

proxime, see prope.

proximus, -a, -um, see propior.

prudentia, -ae, [prudens, for pro-
viders, far-seeing], f., foresight,
good judgment, ii. 4. [prudence.

Ptianii, -orum, m., pi., (ti-a'ni-I), a
small state in Aquitania. iii. 27.

Ptolomaeus, -I, [IIro\e/««os], m.,
Ptolemy, king of Egypt in 49 B c,
brother of Cleopatra. C. in. 103.

puberes, -um, [adj. pubes used as a
noun], m., pi., adults, v. 56.

publice [ptiblicus], adv., in the name
of the state, as a state, publicly.

publico, -are, -avi, -atus, [publi-
cus], I, make public ; confiscate (v.
56; vii. 43). [publish.

publicus, -a, -um, adj., of the state,
public, common. litterae pub-
licae, state documents (v. 47). res
publica, the state, public business,
public interest. As noun, publi-
cum, -I, n., a public place (vi. 28;
vii. 26). in publico, in a public
place (vi. 18). [public.

Fiiblius, -i, m., (pub'li-us), a Roman
first name.

pudet, pudere, puduit or puditum
est, 2, impers. form of pudeo, it
shames ; it makes ashamed (vii. 42).

pudor, -oris, [cf. pudeo], m., shame,
sense of shame.

puer, pueri, m., child, boy.

puerilis, -e, comp. -ior, [puer], adj.,
of a child, [puerile.

pugna, -ae, I., fight, combat, battle.

pugno, -are, -avi, -atus, [pugna], 1,
fight, engage in battle, pugnatum
est, the battle raged.

pulcher, -chra, -chrum, comp. -ior,
sup. pulcherrimus, adj., beautiful
(vii. 15) ; noble (vii. 77).

Pullo, -onis, m., (pul'o), a brave cen-
turion, v. 44.



pulsus, sec pello.

pulsus, -us, [pello], m., stroke; of
oars, movement (ill. 13). [pulse.

pulvis, pulveris, m., dust. [pul-
verize.

puppis, -is, f., stern of a ship. [poop.

purgo, -are, -avi, -atus, [for *pu-
rigo; purus + ago], 1, make clean;
free from blame, excuse, clear, sui
ptirgandi causa, in order to excuse
themselves, [purge.

Puteoli, -orum, m., pi., (pu-te' o-lT),
a city on the coast of Campania, now
Pozzuoli. C. in. 71.

puto, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, think, con-
sider, believe, judge, [putative.

Pyrenaeus, -a, -um,[nup77J/a?os], adj.,
of Pyrene. Pyrenaei montes, the
Pyrenees Mountains, i. I.



Q. = Quintus.

qua [abl. fern, of qui, originally sc.

via or parte], adv., where.
qua, nom. sing, fem., and neut. pi.,

of the indefinite pron. quis, or qui.
quadragenl, -ae, -a,[quadraginta],

num. distributive adj., forty each,

forty in each case. iv. 17; vii. 23.
quadraginta, or XL, [quattuor],

indeclinable num. adj., forty.
quadringenti, -ae, -a, or CCCC,

[quattuor + centum], numeral

adj., four hundred.
quaero, -ere, quaesivi, quaesitus,

3, look for, seek (ii. 21; vii. 37);

ask, inquire, make inquiry, [query.
quaestio, -5nis, [cf. quaerS], f., in-
quiry ; examination, investigation.

[question.
quaestor, -oris, [cf. quaero], m. :

(1) quaestor, state treasurer, the
lowest in rank of the great officers
of state.

(2) quarter-tnaster, quaestor, an
officer accompanying the army on



quaestus



96



quin



campaigns, having charge of money
and supplies, sometimes detailed for
military service in charge of troops.

quaestus, -us, [cf. quaerS], m., get-
ting of money, gain. vi. 17, C. in.
60.

quails, -e, [cf. quis], inter, adj., of
what sort? what sort of ? i. 21.

quam [qui], adv. and conj., how
much, how ; with superlatives (with
or without possum), as possible ;
after comparatives and comparative
expressions, than, as; with expres-
sions of time, after, quam vetus,
how old. quam diu, as long as.
naves quam plurimas, as many
ships as possible. quam celer-
rime, as quickly as possible. post
diem quartum quam, the fourth
day after.

quam vis [quam + vis, from vol5],
adv., however much; however (iv.
2).

quando, adv., ever, at any tune.

quanto opere, see quantus.

quantus, -a, -um, adj., how great,
how much, how large ; after tantus,
as; tantum . . . quantum, so much,
so far . . . as. As noun, with gen.
of the whole, quantum bonl, how
much advantage, how great advan-
tage (i. 40); quantum agrl, as
much land as (vi. 22). quantS
opere, how much, how deeply (ii. 5).
quanto opere . . . tantS opere,
as much as ... so much (vii. 52).

quantusvis, quantavis, quantum-
vis, [quantus + vis, from vol5],
adj., however great, no matter how
%rcat.

quar8 [qua + re], adv., wherefore,
and for this reason.

quartus, -a, -um, [quattuor], adj.,
fourth. quartus decimus, or
XIIII, fourteenth, [quart.

quasi [quam -+- si], conj., as if.



quattuor, or IIII, indeclinable num.

adj., four.
quattuordecim, or XIIII, [quattuor

+ decern], indeclinable num. adj.,

fourteen.
-que, enclitic conj., and, appended to

a word which in construction belongs

after it.
quern ad modum, see modus,
queror, querl, questus, 3, dep.,

complain, lament; complain of,

make complaint of. [querulous.
questus, see queror.
qui, quae, quod, gen. cuius, rel. and

inter, pron. :

(1) As rel. pron., who, which;
at the beginning of a clause often
best rendered by a personal or de-
monstrative pron., with or without
and. Idem qui, the same as.

(2) As inter, adj. pron., what?
what kind of?

qui, quae or qua, quod, indef. pron.,
any, any one, or anything, used both
as subst. and as adj. si qui, if any
one.

quicquam, see quisquam,

quicumque, quaecumque, quod-
cumque, indef. pron., whoever,
whatever, whichever.

quid, see quis.

quidam. quaedam, quiddam, indef.
pron., a certain one, a certain thing.
As adj., quidam, quaedam, quod-
dam, a certain, some, certain.

quidem. adv., indeed, at least. nS
. . . quidem, not even.

quidnam, see quisnam.

quies, -etis, f., rest, repose, [quiet
(noun).

qui§tus, -a, -um, [part, of quiSscS.
from quiSs], adj., at rest, calm,
quiet; peaceful, at peace, [quiet
(adj.).

quin, [old abl. qui 4- ne], conj., thai
not, but that, without; after words



quincunx



97



quotiens



expressing doubt or suspicion, that ;
after deterreo, retineo, etc., trans,
by from with a participle, quln
etiam, moreover.
quincunx, -uncis, [quinque + un-
cia], f., quincunx, an arrangement
of trees or other objects like the five
spots on the dice {quincunx), thus:



• vii. 73.

quindecim, or XV, [quinque + de-
cern], indeclinable num. adj., fifteen.

qumgentl, -ae, -a, or D, [quinque
+ centum], num. z.&\.,five hundred.

quini, -ae, -a, [quinque], distrib.
num. 2i&).,five each, five at a time.

quinquaginta, or L, [quinque], in-
declinable num. adj., fifty.

quinque, or V, indeclinable num. adj.,
jive.

qulntus, -a, -um, [quinque], adj.,
fifth, [quint.

Qulntus, -I, m., (kwin' tus), a Roman
first name.

quia, , quid, inter, pron., zvho ?

what? Neut. quid, with gen. of
the whole, quid consilil, ivhatplan ?
neut. quid, as adverbial ace, %vhy ?
quid vos sectaminl, why do ye
pursue? (vi. 35).

quia, , quid, indef. pron., any

one, anything. As adj., qui, quae
or qua, quod, any. si quis, if
any one. ne quis, that not any
one, thai no one. Neut. quid, with
partitive gen., any; as, si quid
consilil, if any plan.

quisnam, , quidnam, inter, pron.,

who, pray? ivhat, pray? As adj.,
qulnam, quaenam, quodnam, of
what kind, pray (ii. 30).

quispiam, , quidpiam, indef.

pron., any one, anything (vi. 17).
As adj., quispiam, quaepiam,
quodpiam, any (v. 35).



quisquam, , quicquam, indef.

pron., any one, anything. As adj.,
any (ace. quemquam, vi. 36).

quisque, , quidque, indef. pron.,

each one, each thing. As adj., quis-
que, quaeque, quodque, each.

quisquis, , quicquid, indef. rel.

pron., whoever, whatever.

quivis, quae vis, quid vis, [qui +
vis, from volo], indef. pron., any
one, anything you please. As adj.,
quivis, quaevls, quodvls, any
whatever.

quo, see qui.

quo, adv. and conj. :

(1) qu5 [dat. or abl. of qui],
adv., relative and interrogative,
whither, where; indefinite, after si
and ne, to anyplace, at any point,
anywhere.

(2) quo [abl. of qui], conj., used
especially with comparatives, fol-
lowed by subj., in order that, that,
that thereby. quo minus, that not,
often best translated by from with a
participle.

quoad [quo + ad], conj., as long as
(iv. 12); until, till (iv. II; v. 17,
24).

quod [ace. of qui], conj., because, in-
asmuch as, since ; as to the fact that,
so far as.

quo minus, see quo (2).

quoniam [quom, old form of cum,
+ iam], conj., since, seeing that, be-
cause, inasmuch as.

quoque, conj., following the emphatic
word of a clause, also, too.

quoque, abl. of quisque, which see.

quoque = et quo.

quoque versus, see versus.

quot, indeclinable adj., how many, as
many as. iv. 22, vii. 19.

quotannis [quot + abl. pi. of an-
nus], adv., yearly, every year.

quotiens [quot], adv., as often as



quotienscumque



98



recordor



(v. 34) ; how often (i. 43, C. III. 72).
[quotient.
quotienscumque. [quotiens -f-
-cumquej, adv., just as often as.
C. 1. 7.

R.

radix, -icis, f., root (vi. 27); of an
elevation, foot, base. radices col-
lis, the foot of the hill (vii. 51, 69).
radices montis, the base of the
height, the foot of the mountain.
[radish.

rado, -ere, rasi, rasus, 3, shave.
[razor.

raeda, -ae, f., wagon with four wheels,
i. 51 ; vi. 30.

ramus, -I, m., branch, bough, limb.

rapiditas, -atis, [rapidus, swift],
f., swiftness, iv. 17. [rapidity.

rapina, -ae, [cf. rapio, seize], {^pil-
laging, plundering, i. 15. [rapine.

rams, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup. ra-
rissimus, adj., not thick ; pi., few,
scattered, in small parties, [rare.

rasus, see rado.

ratio, onis, [reor, reckon], f., reckon-
ing, enumeration; account ; method,
means, way ; plan, theory, system,
science; reason, ground ; condition,
situation. rationem habere, to
keep an account (vi. 19), take accotmt
of (v. 27, vii. 71; C. 111. 82). ra-
tione inita, having made calculation
(vii. 71). abs te rationem re-
poscent, they will call you to ac-
count, will hold you responsible (v.
30). [ratio, ration, reason.

ratis, -is, f., raft.

Rauraci. orum, m., pi., (ra' ra-si), a
people along the upper Rhine, north
of the Helvetians.

re-, red-, used only in composition,
again, back.

rebellio. -5nis, [rebellis, from re- f
bellum], f , reneioa I of fighting, up-



rising, rebellionem facere, to
enter into rebellion, rebel, revolt.
[rebellion.

Rebilus, (reb' i-lus), see Caninius.

recedo, -cedere, -cessl, -cessurus,
[re- + cedo], 3, withdraw, [re-
cede.

recens, -entis, adj., fresh ; recent,
late. As noun, recentes, -ium,
m., pi., those who were fresh, the un-
wearied (v. 16; vii. 48; C. III. 94).
[recent.

recenseo. ere, recensul, [re- +
censeS], 2, review, mobilize, vii. 76.

receptaculum, -I, [recepto], n.,
place of shelter, retreat, [receptacle.

receptus, see recipio.

receptus, -us, [recipio], m., retreat;
avenue of retreat (vi. 9); recall, a
signal given with a musical instru-
ment to call soldiers back (vii. 47).

recessus, -us, [recedo], m., a reced-
ing; opportunity to draw back (v.
43). [recess.

recido, -cidere, -cidi. -casurus, [re-
+ cado], 3, fall back ; come upon,
fall to the lot of (vii . 1 ) .

recipio, -cipere, -cepl, -ceptus.
[re- + capio], 3, take back, get back,
recover, 7uin ; receive, admit; take
upon one's self (C. ill. 82). se
recipere, to retreat, withdraw; to
recover one's self {\\. 12; iv. 27, 34).
recipere in deditionem, receive
into submission, [receive.

recito,-are, -avl. -atus, [re- + cito,
quote], I, read aloud, recite, v. 48.
[recite.

reclino, -are, -avl, -atus, [re- -f
cllno. /'<•;/</], 1, bend back. se
recllnare, to lean back (vi. 27);
part, reclinatus, leaning back (vi.
27). [recline.

recordor, -ari, -atus, [re-, cor], 1,
dep., remember, call (0 mind. C ill.
47^ 7 2 ^ 73- [record.



recreo



99



Reginus



recreo, -are, -avi, -atus, [re- -f-
creo], i, restore, renew. C. m. 74.
[recreate.

recte, comp. -ius, sup. -issime, [rec-
tus], adv., rightly, properly; nobly
(vii. 80); safely (vii. 6).

rectus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup. rec-
tissimus, [part, of rego], adj.,
straight, direct.

recupero, -are, -avi, -atus, [re-, cf.
capio], 3, get back, recover, [recu-
perate.

recusatio, -onis, [recuso], f., re-
fusal, objection, protest. C. in.
98.

recuso, -are, -avi, -atus, [re-, cf.
causa], 1, refuse, make refusal, de-
cline ; raise objections (v.- 6).

redactus, see redigo.

redditus, see reddo.

reddo, -dere, -didi, -ditus, [red- +
do], 3, give back, restore, return;
render, make (ii. 5). ius red-
dere, to dispense justice (vi. 13).
supplicationem reddere, to pro-
claim a thanksgiving (vii. 90).
vitam pr5 vita reddere, to give
life for life (vi. 16). [rendition.

redemptus, see redimo.

redeo, -ire, -ii, -itum est, [red- -f-
eo], irr., go back, come back, return ;
slope down (ii. 8); be reduced (v.
48); be referred (vi. 11). ad
gladios redire, to resort to swords,
draw swords (C. in. 93).

redigo, -igere, -egi, -actus, [red- +
ag5], 3, force back ; reduce; render,
make (ii. 27; iv. 3). [redact.

redimo, -imere, -emi, -emptus,
[red- -f- emo], 3, buy back, pur-
chase ; of revenues, buy up, farm
(i. 18). [redeem.

redintegro, -are, -avi, -atus, [red-
-f integrS, make zuhole~\, 1, com-
mence again, renew; revive, [re-
dintegrate.



reditio, -onis, [cf. redeo], f., agoing
back, returning, i. 5.

reditus, -us, [cf. redeo], m., return-
ing, return, iv. 30; vi. 29, 36.

Redones, -um, m., pi., (red' o-nez),
a people in northwestern Gaul (Fig.
206).




Figure 206. — Coin of the Redones.

Gold. Obverse, head with chaplet of
laurel.

Reverse, horseman brandishing a spear
and shield ; in front of the horse, a head of
wheat.

reduco, -ducere, -dtixi, -ductus,
[re- + duco], 3, lead back, bring or
conduct back ; draw back (vii. 22,
24) ; carry back, put back, (vii. 72).
[reduce.

refectus, see reflcio.

refero, -ferre, rettuli, -latus, [re- +
fero], 3, bring back, carry back (iv.
28) ; bring, carry, convey to a place
or person; report, announce. pe-
dem referre, to retreat, gratiam
referre, to make return, requite.
[refer.

reficio, -flcere, -feci, -fectus, [re-
+ facio], 3, repair, refit, restore;
of troops, refresh (iii. 5 ; vii. 32, 83) ;
recruit (C. in. 87). [refectory.

refr actus, see refring-o.

refringo, -fring-ere, -fregi, -fractus,
[re- + frango], 3, break (vii. 56);
burst in, break down (ii. ^)- [ re# "
fract.

refugio, -fugere, -fugi,[re-+ fugio],
3,fiee back (v. 35) ; flee away, escape.
[refuge.

Reginus, (re-jl' nus), see Antistius.



regiO



100



reno



regiS, -Snis, [cf. regS, keep straight],
f., direction, line ; boundary ; region,
tract, territory, recta regiSne, in
a direct line (vii. 46) ; along the line
(vi. 25). § regiSne, directly oppo-
site, [region.

regius, -a, -um, [rex], adj., kingly,
royal, vii. 32, C. III. 104.

regno, -are, -avi, -atus, [regnum],
1, be king, reign, v. 25. [reign.

regnum, -I, [cf. regS], n., kingship,
sovereignty, royal power ; absolute
authority ; territory subject to a king
or ruler, kingdom, [reign (noun.)

rego, -ere, rexi, rectus, 3, keep
straight; regulate; control, manage
(iii. 13); conduct, carry on (vi. 17).

reicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [re- +
iacio], 3, throw back, hurl back (i.
46) ; of ships, cast back, carry back
( v - Si 2 3) > drive back, repulse (i.
24; "• 2>Z)\ cast away (v. 30);
throw aivay (i. 52). [reject.

reiectus, see reicio.

relanguesco, -ere, -ui, [re- -f lan-
guescS], 3, become enfeebled, become
enervated, ii. 15.

relatus, see refero.

relego, -are, -avi, -atus, [re- + lego,
depute], I, banish, remove, treat as
an outlaiv. [relegate.

relic tus, see relinqu5.

religio, -onis, f., religious scruple, re-
ligious obligation, religious observ-
ance, superstition, [religion.

religo, -are, -avi, -atus, [re- f ligo,
bind], I, bind back ; bind ' Jast ((.'. II.
6).

relinquo, -linquere, -liqui, -lictus,
[re- + linquS, quit], 3, leave, leave
behind ; desert, abandon ; of a siege
or attack, leave off , give up. [relin-
quish.

reliquus, -a, -um, [cf. relinquO],
adj., remaining, left, the rest. As
noun, reliqui, -Crum, m., pi., the



rest; reliqui, gen. sing, neut., in
nihil reliqui, nothing left (i. 11).

remaneo. -manere, -mansi, [re- -f
maneo], 2, remain, stay behind.
[remain.

remex, -igis, [remus, cf. ag5], m.,
rower, iii. 9.

Remi, -orum, m., pi., (re' mi), a Btl-
gic people, about the headwaters of
the Axona {Aisne); chief city, Du-
rocortorum, now Reims.

remigo, -are, [remex], 1, row.
v. 8.

remigro, -are, -avi, [re- + migro,
remove], 1, move back, return, iv.
4, 27. [remigrate.

reminiscor, -minisci, [re- + men in
mens], 3, dep., remember, recollect.
i. 13., [reminiscent.

remissus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, [part,
of remitto], adj., relaxed; mild.
remissior, less severe (v. 12). [re-
miss.

remitto, -mittere, -misi, -missus,
[re- -f- mittS ], 3, send back; give
back, restore (vii. 20) ; relax, dimin-
ish (ii. 15; v. 49); impair, lose (vi.
14); of a tax, remit (i. 44). [re-
mit.

remollesco. -lescere, [re- + mol-
lescS, grow soft], 3, become weak.
iv. 2.

remotus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [removes], &(]]., far off,
remote, i. 31; vii. 1. [remote.

removeo, -movere, -mSvi, -mStus,



Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 68 of 73)