Julius Caesar.

C. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; online

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saddle (vii. 45).

strepitus, -us, [strepo], m., noise,

stringo, -ere, strinxi, strictus, 3,
b,ind tight ; of a sword, draw (C. III.
93). [stringent

struo, -ere, struxi, structus, 3,
build, construct. C. III. 96.

studeo, -ere, -ui, 2, be eager for,
strive for ; be devoted to, pay heed to ;
eagerly desire, strive, [student.

studiose, comp. -his, sup. -issime,
[studiSsus, eager], adv., eagerly,

studium, -i, [cf. studeS], n., eager-
ness, energy, enthusiasm ; goodzvill
(i. 19); pursuit. studia rei mili-
taris, pursuits of war, military pur-
suits (vi. 21). [study.

stultitia, -ae, [stultus], f., folly, lack
of foresight, vii. 77.

stultus, -a, -um, adj., foolish. C. ill.
59. [stultify.

sub, prep. :

( 1 ) With ace., after verbs of mo-
tion, under, towards, near to, just

(2) With abl., under, at the foot
of, close by ; of time, on, in, during.

subactus, see subig-o.

subdolus, -a, -um, [sub -f dolus],
adj., crafty, cunning, vii. 31.

subdiico, -ducere, -diixi, -ductus,
[sub + duco], 3, lead up from a
lower to a higher position (i. 22,

24) ; of ships, draw up, haul on
shore, beach (iv. 29; v. 11, 24).

subductio, -onis, [subdued], f,
hauling on shore, beaching, v. I.

subeo, -ire, -ii, -iturus, [sub + eo],
irr., go under (i. 36) ; come up,
approach, go tip (to), from a lower
position (ii. 25, 27; vii. 85); un-
dergo, suffer.

subfodio, -fodere, -fodi, -fossus,
[sub + fodio], 3, stab underneat 1.
iv. 12.

subfossus, see subfodio.

subicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [sub
-f- iaciS], 3, throw under, place near ;
throw from beneath (i. 26) ; expose
(iv. 36, C. III. 85); make subject
(vii. I, 77).

subiectus, -a, -um, comp. -ior,
[subicio], adj., lying near, adja-
cent, v. 13. [subject.

subigo, -igere, -egi, -actus, [sub -f-
ag"6], 3, subdue; constrain, reduce
to straits (vii. 77).

subito, [abl. of subitus], adv., sud-
denly, on a sudden.

subitus, -a, -um, [subeo], adj., sud-
den, unexpected.

sublatus, see toll5.

sublevo, -are, -avi, -atus, [sub +
levo], 1, lift up, support, hold up
(i. 48; vi. 27; vii. 47); relieve, as-
sist, aid, support (i. 16, 40; vii. 14,
65); of labor, lighten (vi. 32); re-
trieve (C. in. 73).

sublica, -ae, f., stake, pile.

subluo, -luere, , -lutus, [sub +

luo], 3, wash (vii. 69); flow at the
foot of (Q. in. 97).

subruo, -mere, -rui, -rutus, [sub
+ ymo, fall], 3, undermine.

subsequor, -sequi, -secutus, [sub
+ sequor], 3, dep., follow close
upon, follow after, follow up. [sub-

subsidium, -i, [cf. subsidS], n., re-




serve, reserve force, auxiliaries ;
support, relief, help, aid ; relieving
force ; resource, remedy. mittere
subsidio, to send help, [subsidy.

subsldo. -sidere, -sedi, [sub +
sido, sit], 3, slay behind, remain
behind, vi. 36. [subside.

subsists, -sistere, -stiti, [sub +
sisto, set], 3, halt, make a stand (i.
15); hold out (v. 10). [subsist.

subsum, -esse, [sub -f- sum], irr.,
be near (i. 25; v. 2Q) ; of time, be
close at hand, not far off (iii. 27; v.
23, C. in. 97).

subtraho. -trahere, -traxi, -trac-
tus, [sub + traho], 3, carry off,
draw off underneath (vii. 22); zvith-
draw, take away (i. 44). [subtract.

subvectio, -5nis, [subveho], f.,
transportation, vii. 10.

subveho, -vehere, -vexl, -vectus,
[sub + veho], 3, bring up. i. 16.

subvenio, -venire, -veni, subven-
tum est, [sub + venio], 4, come
to the help of, come to the rescue of;
assist, succor, render assistance.

succedo, -cedere, -cessi, -cessu-
rus, [sub + cedoj, 3, come up,
approach, advance; succeed to an-
other's place, take the place of, relieve,
folloiv ; become the successor (vi. 13) ;
prosper, succeed (vii. 26). [suc-

succendo, -cendere, -cendl, -cen-
sus, [sub, cf. candeS], 3, set en
fire, set fire to.

succido, -cidere, -cidi, -cisus, [sub
+ caedO], 3, cut down.

succumbo, -cumbere.-cubul, [sub
-f- cum bo, for cubO], 3, yield, suc-
cumb, vii. 86. [succumb.

succurro, -currere, -curri, -cursum
est, [sub 4- curro], }, run to hclp^ *
succor, v. 44 ; vii. 80. [succor.

sudis, -is, f., stake, pile.

sudor, -oris, [cf. sudo, sneat], m.,

sweat ; toil, effort (vii. 8). [sudary.
Sueba, -ae, [Suebus, cf. Suebi], (.,

a Swabian woman, i. 53.
Su€bl, -5rum, m., pi., the Swabian^,

Suebi (swe' bi), a powerful German

Suessiones, -um, m., pi., (swes-j-r.'-

nez), a Belgic people north of the'

Matrona (Marne); the name sur-
vives in Soissons.
sufficio, -ficere, -feci, -fectus, [sub

+ facioj, 3, hold out. vii. 20.

suffragium, -i, n., vote, [suffrage.
Sugambri, -orum, m., pi., (su-gam'-

brl), a German people,
suggestus, -us, [suggerS, raise up],

m., platform (vi. 3).
sui, sibi, se or sese, nom. wanting,

reflex, pron., himself, herself, itself,

themselves, him, her, it.
Sulla, -ae, m., (sul' a) :

(1) Lucius Cornelius Sulla, born
138 B.C.; consul 88, dictator 81-79
B.C.; leader of the aristocratic party
in the first Civil War, enemy of
Marius; died 78 B.C. i. 21; C. 1. 7.

(2) Faustus ^Cornelius Sulla, sun
of the dictator. C. 1. 6.

(3) Publius Cornelius Sulla,
nephew of the dictator, who fought
under Caesar. C. in. 89, 99.

Sulpicius. -I, 111., (sul-pish' [y]us) :

(1) Publius Sulpicius A'ufus, a
lieutenant of Caesar in Gaul and
afterwards in the Civil War. iv. 22,
vii. 90.

(2) Servius Sulpicius, a Roman
senator. C. 11. 44.

sum, esse, fui, futurus, irr., be, exist.

summa, -ae, [summus; sc. res], f.,

sum total. Qggrtgak) whole (i. 29 ;

vi. II, 34 ; C Ml. 89) ; general

management, control, admimst> a-




tion ; determination, deciding (vi.
n). summa imperii, the su-
preme command, [sum.

sumministro, -are, -avi, -atus, [sub
-f ministrS, serve'], I, supply, pro-
vide, furnish.

summitto.-mittere, -misi, -missus,
[sub + mittS], 3, send secretly ;
send as reinforcement, send as help.

summoveo. -movere, -mSvi, -mS-
tus, [sub + moveS], 2, force back.

summus. see superus.

sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus,
3, lake (1. 7, 16; vii. 65); take to
one's self take on, assume (i. 33; ii.
4) ; put forth, expend, spend (iii. 14).
de aliquS supplicium sumere,
to inflict punishment on any one
(i. 31; vi. 44).

sumptuosus, -a, -um, comp. -ior,
[sumptus], adj., costly. vi. 19.

sumptus, -tus, [sumo], m., expense.
i. 18. [sumptuary.

superbe, comp. -ius, sup. -issime,
[superbus,/>r0z^/], adv., haughtily.

superior, see superus.

supero, -are, -avi, -atus, [superus],
1, conquer, overcome, vanquish, de-
feat ; surpass (vi. 24); surmount
(vii. 24); rise above (iii. 14); prove
superior (iii. 14); carry the day (v.
31); survive (vi. 19). [superable.

supersedes, -sedere, -sedi, [super
+ sedeS, sit~\, 2, refrain from. ii.
8. [supersede.

supersum, -esse, -fui, [super +
sum], irr., remain, be left (i. 23;
iii. 28; v. 22; C. III. 91); survive
(i. 26; ii. 27, 28).

superus, -a, -um, comp. superior,
sup. summus or supremus, [su-
per], adj., above, on high. Comp.
superior, -ius, higher, upper, supe-
rior ; of time, former, earlier, as

superiSre nocte, the previous night
(v. 10). Sup., summus, -a, -um,
highest; greatest, very great ; most
important, chief; all together, all ( v.
17; vii. 41); often denoting a part,
as summus mSns, the top of the
height (i. 22). As noun, summum,
-i, n., top, end. ab summ6,/row
the top (ii. 18) ; at the end (vii. 73) ;
from the end (vi. 26). [superior,

suppetS, -petere, -petivi or -ii, -pe-
titus, [sub + petS], 3, be at hand,
be available; hold out (vii. 77, 85).

supplementum, -I, [suppleS, fill
up~], n., raw contingent, a body of
recruits under training, not yet
assigned to the legions in which
they will serve, [supplement.

supplex, -icis, m. and f., suppliant.
ii. 28.

supplicatio, -Snis, [supplies], f.,
solemn thanksgiving, thanksgiving.

suppliciter [supplex], adv., after
the manner of a suppliant, humbly.

supplicium, -i, [cf. supplex], n.,
punishment; death-penalty, execu-

supports, -are, -avi, [sub + ports],
1, bring up, transport, convey, [sup-

supra, adv. and prep. :

( 1 ) As adv., above ; before, previ-

(2) As prep., with ace, above;
of time, beyond, before (vi. 19).

suscipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptus,
[subs, for sub, + capiS], 3, tinder-
take, take up; take upon one's self,
assume (i. 3). bellum suscipere,
to commence war. [susceptible.

suspectus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, adj.,
under suspicion, [suspect.

suspicio, -Snis, f., suspicion ; reason
to suspect (1. 4). [suspicion.




suspicor, -ari, -atus, [cf. suspiciS],
I, dep., suspect, mistrust, surmise.

sustento, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of
sustineo], I, sustain, endure, bear,
hold out.

sustineo, -tinere, -tinui, -tentus,
[subs, for sub, f teneo], 2, hold
up (vii. 56) ; check, pull up (iv. 33);
hold out, bear, endure ; hold out
against, withstand, [sustain.

sustuli, see tollo.

suus, -a, -una, [cf. sui], possessive
pronominal adj., his, her, its, their;
his own, her own, their own, etc.;
with loco, locis, favorable to him-
self, to themselves. As noun, sui,
m., pi., his, their friends, people,
party, side ; suum, -i, n., their own
(i. 43); sua, n., pi., his, her, their
property, possessions. se suaque,
themselves and their possessions (i. 1 1,
ii. 31).

Syria, -ae, [Sup^a], f., (sir'i-a), a
country lying east of the Mediterra-
nean Sea, between Cilicia and Pales-
tine; organized into a Roman prov-
ince in 64 B.C. C. 1. 6, in. 103.

Syriacus, -a, -um, [Syria], adj.,
Syrian. C. in. 88.


T. = Titus (tl'tus), a Roman first

tabella, -ae, [dim. of tabula], f.,
tablet; voting-tablet, ballot (C. HI. 83).

tabernaculum, -i, [taberna, hut~],
n., tent, hut. [tabernacle.

tabula, -ae, f., board ; writing-tablet ;
list written on a tablet (i. 29).

tabulatum, -i, [cf. tabula], n., floor,
story, vi. 29. [tabulate.

taceo, -Sre, -ui, -itus, 2, be silent, re-
main silent (i. 17); say nothing of,
pass over in silence (i. 17).

tacitus, -a, -um, [part, of taceS],

adj., silent, i. 32. [tacit.
talea, -ae, f., stick, block (vii. 73) ;

bar (v. 12). [tally.
talis, -e, adj., such.
tarn, adv., so, so very.
tamen, adv., yet, still, for all that,

nevertheless, however.
Tamesis. -is, m., the Thames.
tametsi [tam, ™ tamen, -+- etsi],

conj., although, though.
tandem [tam]. adv.. atlength,finally;

in questions, pray (i. 40).
tango, tangere, tetig-i, tactus, 3,

touch, border on. v. 3. [tact.
tantopere [tantS opere], adv., so

earnestly, with so great effort, i. 31.
tantulus, -a, -um, [dim. of tantus],

adj., so small, so slight, so trifling.
tantum [ace. of tantus], adv., only

so much, so far, merely, tantum

modo, only (iii. 5).
tantundem [ace. neut. of tantus-

dem], adv., just so much. vii. 72.
tantus, -a, -um, adj., so great, so large,

so much, so extensive, so important.

tantus . . . quantus, so great, so

much. o)i ly so much . . . as.
Tarbelli, -orum, in., pi., (tar-bel' i),

a people in Aquitania, near the

Ocean, iii. 27.
tardg, comp. -ius, sup. -issime, [tar-
dus], adv., slowly; comp., rather

slowly (iv. 23, C. in. 82).
tardo, -are, -avi, -atus, [tardus], 1,

check, delay, impede, hinder.
tardus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.

-issimus, adj., slow. Comp., less

(icti-rc (ii. 25). [tardy.
Tarusates, -ium, m., pi., (tar-u-sa'-

tez), a people in Aquitania. iii. 23,

Tasgetius, -i. m., (tas-je' sh[y]us), a

ruler of the Carnutes. v. 25, 29.
Taurois, -entis, ace. Tauroenta,

[Tai/p6cij],(td' ro-js), a fortified place




on the seacoast near Massilia. C.

ii. 4.
taurus, -1, m., bull. vi. 28. [Taurus.
Taximagulus, -I, m., (tak-si-mag' u-

lus), a British chieftain, v. 22.
taxus, -I, i.,yew. vi. 31.
Tectosages, -um, m., pi., (tek-tos'-

a-jez), a division of the Volcae, in

the Province ; represented also by a

branch settled near the Hercynian

forest (vi. 24).

temere, adv., blindly, recklessly, rashly
(1. 40, v. 28; vii. 37, C. hi. 87);
without good reason (iv. 20).

temeritas, -tatis, [cf. temere], f.,
rashness, recklessness, [temerity.

temo, -5nis, m., pole, tongue, of a
wagon or chariot, iv. 33.

Tempe [T^utt^], n., indeclinable pi.,
Tempe, a narrow valley, famed for
its beauty, in the northern part of
Thessaly, through which the river

Figure 209. — A view in the Vale of Tempe.
Through this beautiful valley Pompey rode in mad haste after the battle of Pharsalus.

tectum, -i, [teg-6], n., roof (i. 36);

house (vii. 66).
tegimentum, -I, [teg-o], n., covering.

ii. 21; "vi. 21. [tegument.
tego, teg-ere, texi, tectus, 3, cover

(v. 43) ; hide, conceal, protect.
telum, -1, n., general word for missile ;

dart, spear.
temerarius, -a, -um, [temere J, adj.,

rash, headstrong. I. 31 ; VI. 20.

Xerias (ancient Peneius) flows east-
ward to the sea; it lies between Mt.
Olympus and Mt. Ossa (Map 19, and
Fig. 209).

temperantia, -ae, [temperans, tem-
perate'], {., moderation, sound judg-
ment, i. 19. [temperance.

temperatus, -a, -um, comp. -ior,
[tempers], adj., moderate, temper-
ate, mild (v. 12). [temperate.




tempero, -are, -avi, -atus, [cf. tem-
pusj, I, control one's self, refrain
(»• 7, 33)- [temper.

tempestas, -tatis, [tempus], f.,
weather ; stormy weather, bad
weather, storm, [tempest.

tern plum. -I, n., temple. C. I. 7, 11. 5.

tempto, -are, -avi, -atus, [freq. of
tendo], I, try, attempt; make an
attack on, attack, assail (vii. 73, 86) ;
try tozvin over (vi. 2). [tempt.

tempus, -oris, n., period of time;
time, period ; season ; occasion, cir-
cumstances, pro tempore, accord-
ing to the emergency (v. 8). in re-
liquum tempus,/^ the future, for
all time to come, [temporal.

Tencteri, -5rum, m., pi., (tengk'-
te-rl), a German people, driven from
their territories by the Suebi.

tendo, tendere, tetendi, tentus, 3,
stretch, extend; put up (C. ill. 82);
have one's tent (vi. 37). [tend.

tenebrae, -arum, f., pi., darkness.

teneo, tenere, tenui, 2, hold, keep,
occupy ; hold in, keep in, hold back,
restrain, hem in; bind (i. 31).
se tenere, to keep one's self to re-
main, [tenet.

tener, -era, -erum, comp. -ior, sup.
tenerrimus, adj., tender, young.
ii. 17. [tender (adj.).

tenuis, -e, comp. tenuior, sup. tenu-
issimus, adj , thin / poor, trifling
(vi. 35); feeble, delicate (v. 40).

tenuitas, -atis, [tenuis], f., thinness;
weakness; poverty, destitution (vii.
17). [tenuity.

tenuiter, comp. tenuius, sup.
-issime, [tenuis], adv., thinly.
iii. 13.

ter, num. adv., three times, thrice.

teres, -etis, [cf. ter5, rub], adj.,
smooth (vii. 73).

tergum, -i, n., back. a terg-5, post

tergum, in the rear, on the rear.

terga vertere, to flee, [tergant.
term, -ae, -a, [ter], distrib. num. adj.,

by threes, three each, [ternary.
terra, -ae, f., earth ; land, ground ';

territory, country, region, [terrace.
Terrasidius, -I, m., (ter-a-sid' i-us),

an officer under Publius Crassus.

iii. 7, 8.
terrenus, -a, -um, [terra], adj., of

earth, earthy, i. 43. [terrain.
terreo, -ere, -ui, -itus, 2, frighten,

terrify, alarm ; followed by quo

minus, deter, frighten from an ac-
tion (vii. 49).
territo, -are, [freq. of terreS], 1,

frighten greatly, terrify. metu

territare, to fill with apprehension

(v. 6).
terror, -oris, [cf. terre5], m., fear,

fright, alarm. inferre terrorem,

to strike terror (vii. 8). [terror.
tertius, -a, -um, [ter], num. ord.

adj., third. tertius decimus. or

XIII, thirteenth, [tertiary.
testamentum, -i, [cf. testorj, n.,

wilt. i. 39. [testament.
testimonium, -i, [cf. testis], n.,

proof, evidence, [testimony.
testis, -is, m. and f., icitness.
testudo, -inis, [cf. testa, potsherd ],

{., turtle ; turtle-shell roof testudo. a

covering formed by the soldiers'

shields held above their heads and

overlapping (ii. 6; v. 9; vii. 85);

turtle-shell shed, a movable shed to

protect soldiers near the enemy's wall

(v. 42, 43, 52). [testudinate.
Teutomatus, -1, m., (tu-tom'a-tus),

a king of the Nitiobroges. vii. 31,

Teutoni, gen. -um, ni., pi., Teutons,

Teutoni (tu'to-ni); see Cimbri.
Thessalia, -ae, [0e<r<ra\/a], f., Thes-

saly. the northeastern part of Greece.

C. in. 82.




Thraces, -um, m.,pl., 1 hracians, na-
tives of Thrace, east of Macedonia.
C. in. 95.

tignum, -1, n., log, pile. iv. 17.

Tigurinus, -a, -um, adj., Tigurian.
As noun, Tigfurinl, -orum, m., pi.,
the Tigurians, one of the four divi-
sions of the Helvetians, i. 12.

timed, -ere, -ui, 2, fear, be afraid of ;
be afraid, be apprehensive (i. 14, 41).
Pres. part, as noun, timentes, m.,
pi., the fearful (vii. 7).

timide, comp. -ius, [timidus], adv.,
timidly, iii. 25; v. 33.

timidus, -a, -um, comp. -ior, sup.
-issimus, [cf. timeo], adj., timid,
cowardly, i. 39; vi. 40. [timid.

timor, -oris, [cf. timeo], m., fear,
apprehension, alarm, [timorous.

Titurius, -i, m., Quinlus Titurius Sa-
binus (tl-tu' rj-us sa-bl' nus), a lieu-
tenant of Caesar.

Titus, -l. m., (ti'tus), a Roman first
name; abbreviation, T.

tolero, -are, -avi, -atus, 1, bear, sup-
port, endure ; sustain (vii. 77); hold
out (vii. 71). [tolerate.

tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus, 3,
lift, raise; of an anchor, weigh (iv.
23) ; take on board ( iv. 28) ; puff up,
elate (i. 15; v. 38, C. II. 37); take
away, remove (vi. 17; vii. 14); do
away with (1. 42).

Tolosa, -ae, f., (to-16' sa), a city in
the Province, now Toulouse, iii. 20.

Tolosates,. -ium, [Tolosa], m., pi.,
(tol-o-sa' tez), a people in the terri-
tory of the Volcae Tectosages, in the
Province, about Tolosa.

tormentum, -i, [cf. torqueo, twist],
n., windlass (vii. 22); as a military
term, pi., torsioners, engines, artillery
(vii. 41, 81); missile, thrown by the
torsioners (iv. 25); means of tor-
ture, rack, torture (vi. 19; vii. 4).

torreo, torrere, torrui, tostus, 2.

roast ; burn, scorch (v. 43). [torrid.
tot, indeclinable num. adj., so many.
totidem [tot], indeclinable num. adj.,

just as many, just so many.
totus, -a, -um, gen. totius, adj., the

whole, all, all the, entire, [total.
trabs, trabis, f., beam, timber.
tractus, see traho.
trado, -dere, -didi, -ditus, [trans -+-

do], 3, hand over, give up, deliver,

surrender ; intrust, commit, confide ;

commend, recommend (vii. 39) ; hand

down (iv. 7); teach, impart (vi. 14,

17; vii. 22).
traduco, -ducere, -duxi, -ductus,

[trans + duco], 3, lead across, bring

over; lead, transport, transfer ; win

over (vi. 12, vii. 37). [traduce.
tragula, -ae, f., dart, javelin, perhaps

having a barbed point, and hurled by

means of a leather thong.
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus, 3,

drag along ( i. 53 ) ; draw along, drag

(vi. 38). [tract.
traicio, -icere, -ieci, -iectus, [trans

+ iaciS], 3, throw across; strike

through, pierce, transfix (v. 35, 44;

vii. 25, 82). [trajectory.
traiectus, see traicio.
traiectus, -us, [cf. traici5],m.,/a.y-

sage. iv. 21 ; v. 2.
trano, -are, -avi, [trans + n6,

swim], I, swim across, i. 53.
tranquillitas, -atis, [tranquillus,

still], f., stillness, calm (iii. 15).

summa tranquillitas, a profound

calm (v. 23). [tranquillity.
trans, prep, with ace. only, across,

over; on the further side of, be-
Transalpinus, -a, -um, [trans +

Alpinus, from Alpes], adj., beyond

the Alps, Transalpine . vii. I, 6.
transcendo, -scendere, -scendi,

[trans + scando, climb], 3, climb




over (vii. 70); of ships, board (in.
15). [transcend.

transeo, -Ire, -II or -Ivi, -itum est,
[trans + eo], irr., go over, go across,
pass over, cross over ; pass by, march
through; of time, pass (iii. 2).
[transit (verb).

transfero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus,
[trans + ferS], irr., carry across ;
transfer, [transfer.

transflgo, -figere, -fixi, -fixus,
[trans + figo, fix], 3, pierce
through, transfix, [transfix.

transflxus, see transfigS.

transfodio, -lodere, -fodi, -fossus,
[trans + fodio], 3, pierce through,
impale (vii. 82).

trSnsgredior, -gredi, gressus,
[trans + gradior, walk, go], 3,
dep., pass over, go across, cross, ii.
19; vii. 25, 46. [transgress.

transitus, -Us, [cf. transeS], m.,
going over, crossing (v. 55; vi. 7;
vu - 57)- [transit (noun).

trSnslatus, see transfers.

transmarinus, -a, -urn, [trans +
mare], adj., beyond the sea. vi. 24.

transmissus, -us, [cf. transmittS],
rev., passage, v. 13.

transmitto, -mittere, -misi, -mis-
sus, [trans + mitto], 3, send
across, convey across. vii. 61.

Transpadanus, -a, -um, [trans +
PadusJ, adj., beyond the Po. C.
111. 87. [Transpadane.

transports, -are, -avi, -atus. [trans
-f ports], 1, carry over, convey
across, transport, [transport.

Tiansiheiianus, -a, -um, [trans +
Rhenus], adj., beyond the Rhine, on
the other side of the Rhine (v. 2).
As noun, Transrhenam, -Srum,
m., pi., the people beyond the Rhine
(iv. 16; vi. 5). [Transrhenane.

transtrum, -I, [trans], n., thwart,

cross-beam. iii. 13.
transversus [part, of transvertS],

adj., crosswise, ii. 8. [transverse.
Trebius, -1, m., Marcus Trebius Gal-

lus (tre' bi-us gal' us), an officer

under Publius Crassus. iii. 7, 8.
TrebSnius, -I, m., (tre-bo' ni-us) :

( 1 ) Gaius Trebonius, quaestor
60 B.C., tribune of the people 55 B.C.,
a lieutenant of Caesar in the Gallic
and Civil wars; afterwards one of
the conspirators against Caesar's life.

(2) Gaius Trebonius, a Roman
knight, vi. 40.

trecenti, -ae, -a, or CCC, [tres +
centum], num. adj., three hundred.

trepido, are, -ftvl, -atus, [cf. trepi-
dus], 1, hurry about anxiously, v.
33> vi - 37- [trepidation.

tr§s, tria, gen. trium, or III, num.
adj., three.

Treveri, -Srum, m., pi., Treverans,
Treveri (trev' e-rl), a Belgic people
near the Rhine.

Treverus, -a, -um, adj., Treveran,
of the Treveri (ii. 24).

Triarius. -i, m., Gaius Triarius (tri-
a' rj-us), a commander under Pom-
pey. C. in. 92.

Triboces, -um, or Triboci, -Srum.
m., pi., (trib' o-sez, trib' o-sl), a
CJerman people near the Rhine.

tribunicius, -a, -um, [tribQnus],.
adj., of a tribune, tribunicial. C. I. 7.

tribunus, -I, [trlbus, tribe], m.,
tribune. tribunus mllitum, mili-
tary tribune. tribunus plebis.
tribune of the people, [tribune.

tribuo, -ere, -ui, -atus, [cf. tribus],
3, assign, ascribe; allot, give, con-
cede ; grant, pay, render.

tributum, -I, [part, of tribuS], n.,
tax, tribute, vi. 13, 14. [tribute.

trichila, -ae, f, arbor, bower. C. III.




triduum, -I, [tri, = tres, cf. dies],
n., space of three days, three days.

triennium, -I, [tri-, = tres,+ annus],
n., period of three years, three years.
iv. 4. [triennial.

triginta, or XXX, indeclinable num.
adj., thirty.

trim, -ae, -a, [tres], distrib. num.
adj., three each; three; threefold,
triple (1. 53). [trinal.

Trinovantes, -um, m., pi., (trin-o-
van' tez), a tribe in Britain.

tripertito, [tripertitus, tri- + par-
titus], adv., in three divisions,
in three columns, [tripertite.

triplex, -icis, [tri, == tres, cf. plico,
fold], adj., threefold, triple, [triple.

triquetrus, -a, -um, adj., three-cor-
nered, triangular, v. 13.

triremis, -e, [tri, = tres, + remus],
adj., having three banks of oars. C.
11. 6. [trireme.

tristis, -e, comp. -ior, sup. -issimus,
adj., sad, dejected, disconsolate, i. 32.

tristitia, -ae, [tristis], f., sadness,
dejection, i. 32.

Troucillus, -i, m., Gaius Valerius
Troucillus (tru-sil' us), a Gaul who
acted as interpreter for Caesar, i. 19.

truncus, -i, m., trunk of a tree,

tu, tui, pi. vos, vestrum, personal
pron., thou, you.

tuba, -ae, f., trumpet, [tuba.

tueor, tueri, 2, dep., gaze at, behold,
watch ; guard, protect, defend.

tuli, see fer5.

Tulingi, -orum, m , pi., (tu-lin' ji),
a people near the Helvetians.

Tullius, see Cicero.

TuUub, see Volcacius.

turn, adv., then, at that time ; there-
upon; besides, moreover. cum
. . . turn, both . . . and, not only
. . . but also.

tumultuor, -ari, -atus ; [tumultus],

1, dep., make a disturbance ; be in
confusion (vn. 61).

tumultuose, comp. -ius, sup.
-issime, [tumultu5sus],adv., with
confusion. Comp., with more con-
fusion than usual (vii. 45).

tumultus, -us, m., disturbance, con-
fusion, disorder, uproar ; uprising,
rebellion (i. 40; v. 26). [tumult.

tumulus, -i, [tumeo, swell], m.,
mound, hillock, [tumulus.

tunc, adv., then, at that time, at this
juncture, v. 41.

turba, -ae, f., disorder, confusion.

Online LibraryJulius CaesarC. Iulii Caesaris Commentarii rerum gestarum. Caesar's Commentaries: the Gallic war, books I-Iv, with selections from books V-VII and from the civil war; → online text (page 70 of 73)