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Who's who in New York (city and state) online

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N. Y. Acad, of Sciences, Am. Soc. Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals, Humane Soc and fifteen others. Clubs:
Lotos, City, Underwriters, Union League, Automobile
of America, Economic, Sleepy Hollow Country, Aero,
Auto-Polo, Plaza. Residence: 155 W. 5Sth St. Ad-
dress: 56 Cedar St., N. Y. City.

SNYDER, ALBAN GOSHORN

Consul gen.; b. Charleston, W. Va.. Nov. 5, 1877; s.
Charles Philip and Jane Adelia (Goshorn) Snyder;
grad. Washington and Lee Univ., A.B., 189S; studied
law at W. Va. Univ., 1902; m. Ancon, Canal Zone,
Sept. 16, 1911, Evelyn Sehuber. Employed as clerk in
Am. Consulate, Ciudad Porfirio Diaz. Nov., 1898; appt'd
vice and deputy consul at Ciudad Porfirio Diaz, 1899;
retired Oct.. 1901; appt'd sec. legation and consul gen.
at Bogota Feb., 1903; served as charge d'affaires ad
interim Dec, 1903, Dec, 1904, and May, 1905-Nov.,
1905; appt'd consul gen. at Buenos Aires June 22, 1906,
and at Panama City Jan. 11, 1909. Presby'n. Mem.
Sigma Ohi fraternity. Recreations: Tennis, baseball,
shooting, fly fishing. Club: University (Washington,
D. C). Address: Am. Consulate General, Panama,
Panama.

SNYDER, ALBERT WHITCOMB

Clergyman; b. Lisbon, N. Y., April IS, 1S42; s. John
H. and Agnes (Bellentine) Snyder; ed. public schools,
Racine Coll., Wis., and Kenyon Coll., O. ; grad.
Nashotah Theol. Sem., Wis.; m. Watertown, N. Y., Jan.
6. 1875, Josephine M., d. Major Henry Smith, U. S. A.;
children: Mrs. Charles H. Van Buren (Brooklyn).
Lieut. Frederick Story Snyder, 2d Cav., U. S. A. Ordered
deacon, 1S67, by Bishop Kemper; ordained priest, 1867,
by Bishop Whitehouse, in Episcopal ministry. Founder
and first rector of Calvary Church, Chicago, 111.; rec-



tor of Emmanuel Church, Rockford, 111.; chaplain
Lehigh Univ.; rector St. Paul's Ch., Wellsboro, Pa.
Traveled in England, Wales and on Continent.
Author: Living Church Tracts, The Chief Things, first
and second series; How Is a Man to Know What to
Believe? The Chief Days, Through the Forty Days,
etc ; editorial writer in religious and secular papers.
Rector of St. Paul's Oh., Woodside, N. Y., 1899-1911;
rector emeritus since 1911. Address: 168 Sixth St.,
Elmhurst, OL. I.. N. Y.

SNYDER, VIRGIL

Educator; b. Dixon, Iowa, Nov. 9, 1869; s. Ephraim
and Eliza Jane (Randall) Snyder; grad. Iowa State
Coll., Ames, la., B.Sc, 1889; Cornell Univ. (grad. stu-
dent), 1890-1892; Gottingen (Germany), 1892-1895,
Ph.D., 1894; also summer 1899, 1903, 1912. 1913; m.
Gottingen, Germany, Dec. 28, 1894, Margarete Gie-
singer; children: Herbert, b. 1895; Norman, b. 1897.
Fellow in mathematics, Cornell, 1892-1893; instr. math-
ematics, Cornell, 1895-1903; ass't prof., 1st grade, 1903-
1905; 2d grade, 1905; leave of absence to study in
Europe, 1899-1903; Sabbatical leave, Italy, 1912-1913;
prof., 1910; editor Bulletin Am. Math. Soc. since 1903.
Joint author: Elements of Differential Calculus (with
James McMahon), 1898 (Am. Book Co.); also Differ-
ential and Integral Calculus (with J. I. Hutchinson).
1902 (Am. Book Co); Text Book on the Calculus (with
J. I. Hutchinson), 1912 (Am. Book Co.). Editor Hart
& Feldman's Geometry, 1912 (Am. Book Co.). Author
of about seventy mathematical papers and criticisms.
Mem. Am. Math. Soc, Deutsche Mathematiker Vereini-
gung, Circolo Matematico di Palermo, Nat. Geog. Soc,
Sigma Xi. Club: Alpine. Address: 214 University Av.,
Ithaca, N. Y.
SOHMER, WILLIAM

State Comptroller of N. Y.; b. Germany, May 26,
1852; s. Dr. Joseph and Agatha (Miller) Sohmer; ed.
public schs. and business coll.; m. N. Y., 1872. Julia
Roth. Entered ins. business at an early age; re-
signed as mg'r and engaged in ins. business alone
since that time. Elected assemblyman, ' 10th Dist., N.
Y., 1889, serving three terms; Dem. candidate for
sheriff, N. Y., 1894; elected registrar, County of N. Y.,
1895; later served as county clerk; elected to 10th
Senate Dist. 1906, 1907, 190S, and served on Senate
Corns, on Ins., Revision and Printed and Engrossed
Bills, 1907 1908: elected State Comptroller 1910, and
again 1912. Democrat. Address:' 75 William St.,
N. Y. City.
SOLLEY, FRED P.

Physician; b. Newark, N. J Oct. 10, 1866; s. John B.
Solley and Frances Mead (Hedden) Solley; grad. Yale
Univ., A.B., 1888, Ph.B., 1889 (Sheffield Scientific Sch.);
Columbia (Coll. Phys. and Surg), M.D., 1892; m. Jan.
1, 1895, Marv Houston Westcott; children: Frederic W.,
b. 1895; Theodore H., b. 1897; Margaret, b. 1899: Robert
F., b. 1901. Resident physician. St. Luke's Hosp., N.
Y. City, 1893-1894; continued medical study for one
year (1895) in Universities of Heidelberg, Vienna and
Paris. Ass't phys. Presby'n Hosp. O. P.D. Republican;
Congregationalist. Mem. Am. Med. Ass'n. A. A. A. S.,
Acad, of Medicine, N. Y. Co. and State Med. Socs., Med.
Ass'n of the Greater N. Y.. Physicians' Mutual Aid
Ass'n, Soc. of the Alumni of St. Luke's Hosp., Soc. of
Internal Medicine, Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity.
Club: Universitv. Summer residence at East Hamp-
ton, L. I. Address: 114 E. 60th St., N. Y. City.
SOMERVILLE, HENDERSON MIDDLETON

Pres. B'd U. S. gen. appraisers; b. Madison Co., Va.,
March 23, 1837; grad. Univ. of Alabama, A.B., 1S56,
A.M., 1859, LL.D., 1887; Cumberland Law Sch., Tenn.,
LL.B., 1859, LL.D., Georgetown Coll., Ky., 1886, and
Southwestern Univ., Tenn., 1S87. After leaving law
school, 1859, became editor Memphis Appeal until 1S62;
engaged in teaching as associate professor of mathe-
matics and languages at Univ. of Alabama, until 1S65;
engaged in gen. practice of law Tuscaloosa, Ala., and
while so engaged founded Law Sch, of Univ. of Ala-
bama, 1873, holding the chair of constitutional,
statutory and common law until 1890. Was mem. Dem.
State Exec. Com. of Alabama, 1872, until elected 1S80,
asso. justice Supreme Court of Alabama, in which
position served until appt'd 1S90, mem. B'd U. S. Gen.
Appraisers, in which position has continued ever
since, serving as chm'n until 1904; trustee Peabody
Ed'n Fund; was trustee Alabama Insane Hosp., 1874-
1892; was mem. Medico-Legal Soc. of N. Y. and its
pres., 1892-1893: mem. exec, council, Southern Soc of
N. Y., Alpha Delta Phi Soc; pres. Alabama Soc. of N.
Y. since 1908: mem. Phi Beta Gamma Soc. since 1856.
Author: Alabama Statutes for Trial of the Criminal
Insane, and of opinion of Ala'bama Supreme Court on
legal responsibility- of insane persons, reported in Slst
volume Alabama Reports. Residence: 271 Central Park
West. Address: 641 Washington St., N. Y. City.



WHO'S WHO IN NEW YORK



671



SONDERN, FREDERIC E




Post-rad. Med. Sch.; dir. of Laboratories, N. Y.
Lying-in Hosp. Mem. N. T. Acad, of Medicine. Am.
Ass'n Pathologist. Bacteriologists. Clubs: N. Y.
Athletic, N. Y. Yacht. Address: 200 W. 56th St., N. Y.
City.

SONNE, OTTO

Civil and landscape eng'r; b. Denmark, Dec. 2, 1S55:
s. H. C. and Margaret (Rothe) Sonne: ed. Poly. Inst.,
Copenhagen, Denmark, C.E., 1877; m. N. Y. City, Aug.
12, 1S94, Harriet Rothe: children: Paul, b. 1S95; Erna
b. 1897; Stephen, b. 1899; Marie, b. 1902. On gov't
eng'ring work, Denmark, 1877-1884, U. S. Improvement
of Missouri River, 1885-1S86; Sibley Bridge over the
Missouri (principal ass't eng'r), 18S6-1S87; various
bridge work and surveys in Colo, and Tenn., 1888-
1891; private office in Boston, 1S91-1906, office in N. Y.
City since 1906. Served in Danish Army and Navy,
1879. Mem. Am. Soc Civil Eng'rs since 1SS7. Club:
St. Botolph (Boston). Address: 132 Nassau St., N. Y.
City.

SONNENBERG, LOUIS M.

Lawyer; b. New Haven, Conn., April 7, 1S7S; s.
Michael and Ida (Shoninger) Sonnenberg; prep, ed'n
at Hopkins Grammar Sch., New Haven; grad. Yale
Univ., A.B., 1897, LL.B., 1S99; unmarried. Practised
law in N. Y. City since 1900; mem. N. Y. and Conn.
Bars. Mem. firm Studin & Sonnenberg, lawyers; pres.
M. Sonnenberg Piano Co.; v. -p. Sonnen'berg-Skinner
Co.; dir. Am. Talking Picture Co., Palace Theatre and
Realty Co. Republican. Mem. Ass'n Bar City of N. Y-,
Am. Bar Ass'n, N. Y. County Lawyers Ass'n. Clubs:
Yale, Rep, Harmonie, Graduates (N. Y.). Harmonie
(New Haven), Early Risers Riding. Residence: 16 E.
60th St. Address: 55 Liberty St., N. Y. City.

SOPER, GEORGE ALBERT

Sanitary eng'r and expert; b. N. Y. City, Feb. 3, 1S70;
s. George A. and Georgianna L. (Bucknam) Soper; ed.
University Grammar Sch., N. Y. City; Rensselaer Poly.
Inst., B.S., 1895; Columbia Univ., A.M., 1898, Ph.D., 1S99;
also sp'l studies in France, Germany and Switzeralnd;
m. Troy, N. Y., 1895, Mary Virginia McLeod; children:
George A., b. 1899; Harvey McLeod, b. 1902. Civil eng'r
Boston Water Works, and eng'r of contracting firm
building water filtration works for many cities, 1895-
1897; post-grad, studies at Columbia Univ., and in
Europe, 1S94-1S99; charge of sanitary rehabilitation
of Galveston, Tex., after disaster of 1900; sanitary
eng'r N. Y. City Dep't Health, 1902; expert sent by
State Dep't Health to tight epidemic of 1,300 cases of
typhoid at Ithaca, N. Y. : expert called by City of
Watertown, N. Y., to stamp out epidemic of 600 cases
of typhoid, 1905; expert in charge of typhoid epidemic
work for Williams Coll., Lawrence (N. Y.) B'd of
Health, etc.; expert of Rapid Transit R. R. Comm'n of
N. Y., in charge of investigation of subway air, mak-
ing over 5,000 analyses and 50,000 observations of tem-
perature and humidity, and numerous autopsies and
physical examinations of employees, 1905-1906. En-
gaged in practice as consulting sanitary eng'r; mem.
Comm'n of Eng'rs, appt'd by Merchants' Ass'n of N.
Y., to investigate city transit conditions, 1903; mem.
delegation from Merchants' Ass'n and Chamber of
Commerce of N. Y., which investigated natural and
economic resources of Texas at invitation of Gov. and
Legislature of Texas; mem. N. Y. Bay Pollution
Comm'n, appt'd 1903 by Gov. of N. Y.; reappt'd, 1905,
to investigate sanitary condition of N. Y. Harbor;
mem. since 1906 and pres. since 1908, Met. Sewerage
Comm'n of N. Y.; appt'd by Mayor of N. Y. to establish
comprehensive plan or policy for disposing of sewage
for Met. Dist. of N. Y. Author: Air and Ventilation
of Subways (1908); Modern Methods of Street Clean-
ing (1909), and about thirty papers, addresses and
reports published in med. and eng'ring literature. Mem.
Am. Soc. Civil Eng'rs, Boston Soc. Civil Eng'rs Am.
Chemical Sec, Soc. Am. Bacteriologists, Am. Water
Works Ass'n, Am. Public Health Ass'n; fellow A. A.
A. S., N. Y. Acad. Medicine, Royal Sanitary Inst, of
Great Britain, Delta Phi fraternity, Soc. of the Sigma
Xi, Ass'n of Doctors of Philosophy of Columbia Univ.
Address: 17 Battery PI., N. Y. City.

SORNBERGER, SAMUEL J.

Physician and surgeon; b. in Town of Colesville,
Broome County, N. Y., Aug. 15, 1849; s. Sidney and
Elvira (Martin) Sornberger; ed. in State Normal



School. Cortland. N. Y.. 1871-1874; Syracuse Univ.,
Ph.B., 1S7S, Ph.D., 1880; Coll. Phys. and Surg., Chicago,
111., M.D., 1894; m. Burnt Hills, Saratoga Co., N. Y
1S80, Kate M. Foster; one sen: Frank F., b. 1880. For
twelve years occupied chair of English, physics, Latin
and history in State Normal Sch., Cortland, N. Y.; since
1898 on surg. staff of Cortland Hosp. Republican:
Baptist. Mem. Cortland Co. Med. Soc, N. Y. State
Med. Soc, Am. Med. Ass'n, Syracuse Acad. Medicine;
mem. Vesta Lodge, I.O.O.F., Cortlandville Lodge, 470,
F. and A. M., and Elon Encampment of Odd Fellows,
Cortland, N. Y. Address: 16 Church St., Cortland, N. Y.

SOTHERN, EDWARD HUGH

Actor; b. New Orleans, La., Dec. 6, 1859; second s. of
Edward Askew Sothern, the famous actor; ed. in Eng-
lish schools and academies, and studiecj for the career
of an artist before taking to the stage; m. 1st, 1896,
Virginia Harned; 2d, 1911, Julia Marlowe. Made first
appearance on the stage in a minor part with his
father at Abbeys Park Theatre, N. Y. City, in 1879;
then went en tour with John McCullough's Co. After
father's death (Jan. 20, 1SS1) played in England, in
brother's co. until 1883; then in various productions
in the U. S. until 1887, when took first leading role,
that of "Jack Hammerton," in the Highest Bidder, which
was successful, and has since starred with own co. in
Lord Chumley, The Maister of Woodbarrow, The
Prisoner of Zenda, Under the Red Robe, An Enemy to
the King, The Adventures of Lady Ursula. The Song
of the Sword, A Shilling's Worth, The Sunken Bell,
Hamlet, Richard Lovelace, If I Were King, and other
Shakespearean plays with Julia Marlowe. Address:
600 Madison Av., N. Y. City.

SOULE, GEORGE HENRY, JR.

Publisher; b. Stamford, Conn.. June 11, 1887; s.
George Henry and Ellen (Smyth) Soule; grad. Yale
Coll., A.B. Entered employ of Frederick A. Stokes Co.,
Aug., 1908; advertising mg'r since 1909. Sec. Louns-
bury & Soule Co., Stamford. Chm'n of Com. of Publi-
cation, appt'd by an ass'n of 25 publishers, 1912;
reappt'd 1913. Mem. Zeta Psi fraternity and hon. Soc.
of Chi Delta Theta. Recreations: Tennis, sailing.
Clubs: N. Y., Yale, Stamford Yacht. Residence: Stam-
ford, Conn. Address: 443 Fourth Av., N. Y. City.

SOUSA, JOHN PHILIP

Conductor, composer, author; b. Washington, D. C,
Nov. 6, 1854; s. Antonio and Elizabeth Sousa. At
age of 11 first appeared in public as violin soloist;
at 15 was teaching harmony; in 1S76 became one of
first violins in orchestra conducted by Offenbach when
latter visited America; later conductor for various
theatrical and operatic companies, among them the
Church Choir Pinafore Co. In 1SS0 appt'd leader of
band of U. S. Marine Corps, Nat. Band, serving under
Presidents Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland and
Harrison until Aug. 1, 1892, when resigned from
U. S. Service to organize the Sousa Band, which up
to Dec. 1, 1913, had made 36 semi-annual tours through
U. S., and has five ' times visited Europe, giving a
total of 9,000 concerts in 1,000 cities and covering'
over 600,000 miles of travel. Inaugurated Nov., 1910,
in N. Y. tour of world, visiting Europe, Canary
Islands, Africa, Tasmania, Australia, New Zealand,
Fiji Islands, Sandwich Islands, British Columbia, re-
turning to U. S. and closing in N. Y. after 14 months'
travel. As music composer organized a "march"
style recognized the world over, has productions in
this field including, as best known and most popular,
The Washington Post, Liberty Bell, Manhattan Beach,
High School Cadets, Semper Fidelis, The Gladiator,
The Stars and Stripes Forever, The Invincible Eagle,
Hail to the Spirit of Liberty, Hands Across the Sea,
The Charlatan, The Bride-Elect, El Capitan, King
Cotton, Imperial Edward, Jack Tar, The Diplomat,
The Free Lance, The Fairest of the Fair, The Federal,
From Maine to Oregon, etc. Has also written several
suites, including Three Quotations, Looking Upward,
At the Kings Court, Last Days of Pompeii, Sheridan's
Ride, The Dwellers in the Western World, Tales of
a Traveler; also a symphonic poem, The Chariot Race;
a long list of songs and miscellaneous compositions
and comic operas: The Smugglers, Desiree, The Queen
of Hearts, El Capitan, The Bride-Elect, The Charla-
tan, Chris and the Wonderful Lamp, The Free Lance,
American Maid. As author, compiled under auspices
of the Government, National, Patriotic and Typical
Airs of All Countries; wrote books and lyrics for
opera, The Bride-Elect; also numerous verses and
magazine articles, and has produced two novels, The
Fifth String, and Pipetown Sandy. With band ap-
peared twice, by command, before King Edward and
Queen Alexandra, once at Sandringham, then at
Windsor, and on first occasion was honored by His
Majesty with decoration of Victorian Order. Also
received Grand Diploma of Honor of Academy of



672



VOICE CULTURE



MME, bayerlee

Cracljtr of 5>mgtttg

Telephone Morningside 3665 502 EaSt 113th Street, NeW York




1. Is a specialist in voice placing as
well as in interpretation; she has,
moreover, a thorough knowledge of
the human throat.

2. She possesses the rare gift of the
"absolute pitch," a gift which can-
not be overvalued in a teacher of
singing. Not only is her own in-
tonation exquisitely pure, but her
fine, sensitive ear allows her to de-
velop purity of intonation and
beauty of tone in her pupils.

3. She plays a virtuoso accompani-
ment.

4. She has a broad culture outside of
music, having studied painting, his-
tory, literature, and especially lan-
guages: German, English, French,
Italian.

5. She has restored many a voice which
seemed hopelessly injured by abuse,
and developed voices where other
teachers failed to find any.



Madame Bayerlee refers by permission
to the following former pupils:

HERR ANTON VON ROOY, Metropolitan
Opera House, New York.

HERR LUDWIG MANTLER, Kaiserlich-Kon-
igliches Hofopernhaus, Vienna, Austria.



MISS EMMA CLINTON, 145 West
New York.



73rd St.,



Also to

PROF. ENGELBERT HUMPERDINCK,
Grunewald bei Berlin, Germany.

MR. GEORGE HENSCHEL, Edinburgh, Scot-
land.

DR. RUDOLPH E. SCHIRMER, 3 East 43rd
St., New York.

MR. BOARDMAN WRIGHT, Woolworth
Building, New York.



Advertisements continued on jiai/c 70-}



WHO'S WHO IN NEW YORK



673



Hainaut, Belgium, and decorated by French Gov't
with Palms of Academy, besides being made an Offi-
cer of Public Instruction. Mem. various Masonic
bodies, Sons of Veterans, Nat. Geog. Soc. Recrea-
tions: Outdoor sports, especially riding and hunting.
Clubs: Gridiron, Republican, Salmagundi, Players,
Dramatists. N. Y. Athletic, The Indian, Elks, White-
marsh Valley County (Pa.), Kenloch Hunting (S. C).
Residence: Hotel Touraine. Address: 1 W. 34th St.,
N. Y. City.

SOUTHARD, J. BENNETT

Lawyer; b. Cold Spring, N. Y., 1S75: s. Jacob G.
and Emma L. (Smith) Southard; ed. Nelsonville, N. Y.,
common sch. ; Columbia Univ. Law Sch., N. Y. City;
m. Waterville, N. Y., Aug. 5, 1903, Kittie A. Haight;
one son: J. Bennett, Jr., b. 1904. App'd dist. att'y,
Putnam Co., N. Y., 1S97; served as dist. att'y by an
election, 1S9S, 1S99, 1900; elected 1901 and still serving
as Putnam Co. judge and surrogate. V.-p. Sectional
Weight Co.; treas. Ironside Battery Co.; dir. Albany
& Troy Steamship Co., Nat. Bank of Cold Spring, N. Y.
Republican; Presby'n. Mem. Masons, Odd Fellows,
Foresters, Red Men, Elks, Sons of Revolution. Ad-
dress: Ccld Spring, N. Y.

SOUTHWORTH, THOMAS SHEPARD

Physician; b. West Springfield, Mass., June 7, 1S61;
s. Edward and Mary Woodbury (Shepard) South-
worth; grad. Phillips Acad., Andover, Mass., 1S79:
Yale Coll., A.B., 1SS3; Coll. Phys. and Surg., N. Y.
City, 1SS7, M.D.; m. Detroit, Mich., April 29, 1903, Jean
Ponton Hamilton. Studied Un ; v. of Gbttingen, winter
of 1SS3-18S4; med. interne, St. Luke's Hosp., N. Y.
City, 1887-1SSS; surg. interne, Chambers St. Hosp.,
N. Y. City, 1888-1889; Hosp. of Vienna, Austria, 1889-
is:ni; Kotunda Hosp.. Dublin. Ireland, 1890; consulting
physic ; an, N. Y., Nursery & Child's Hosp.; visiting
physician N. Y. Children's Hosps. and Schs., Scarlet
Fever and Diphtheria Hosp. Mem. Acad, of Medicine,
County Med. Soc, Am. Med. Ass'n, Am. Pediatric Soc,
Alumni Ass'n St. Luke's Hosp. Clubs: University
(N. Y. City), Yale, Quill. Address (summer): Stock-
bridge, Mass.; (winter): S07 Madison Av N. Y. City.

SPAFFORD, JOSEPH HENRY

Lawyer; b. Providence, R. I Nov. 5, 1861; s. Nathan
Henry and Mary Augusta (Buckingham) Spafford;
grad. Roxbury Latin Sch., 1880; Amherst Coll., B.A.,
1SS4; Boston Univ. Law Sch., LL.B., 1887; m. Spring-
field, Mass., June 13, 1893, Emilv Hazard Dakin; chil-
dren: Katharine Hazard, b. 1897; Ruth, b. 1901; Emilv
Madeline, b. 1904. Admitted to bar in Boston, 18S7;
practised law at Palatka, Fla., five years, since then
N. Y. City. Mem. Ass'n Bar City of N. Y., Sons of
Revolution. Met. Museum of Art. Clubs: University,
Barnard, Psi Upsilon. Residence: 152 W. 57th St.
Address: 111 Broadway, N. Y. City.

SPAHR, HERMAN LOUIS

' Consul; b. Macon, Ga., Dec. IS, 1875; s. Herman and
Meta (Harbann) Spahr; grad. Univ. of South Caro-
lina. A.B.. A.M.; Univ. of Chicago, Univ. of Heidel-
berg, Germany; m. Columbia, S. C, Sept. 6, 1904, Zaida
Whitman. Admitted to bar of S. C, 1899; instr. in
modern languages, Univ. of S. Carolina, 1900-1906;
consul at Breslin, Germany, since 1906. Lieut. Co.
C, 2d S. C. Vol. Inf., in Spanish War (served in Cuba).
Episcopalian. Address: Am. Consulate, Breslin,
Germany.

SPARGO, JOHN

Author, lecturer, art critic; b. Stithians, Cornwall,
England, Jan. 31, 1876; s. Thomas and Jane Hocking
(Spargo) Spargo; ed. in public schools and in Oxford
and Cambridge Univ. Extension Courses; m. 1st, Car-
diff, S. Wales, Jan. 24, 1901, Prudence Edwards (died
1904); 2d, Yonkers, N. Y.. Mar. 30, 1905; Mary A. R.
Bennetts; children: George Herron, b. 1901; John b.
1906; Mary, b. 1907. Has traveled extensively in
Europe and America making sociol. studies, lecturing
in universities, etc.; one of founders of Prospect House
Settlement. Yonkers; dir. Westchester Soc. for Pre-
vention of Cruelty to Children, Am. Socialist Soc.
(Rand Sch. for Social Science, N. Y. City); mem. N. Y.
Milk Com.; Exec. Com. Ethical-Social League, N. Y.
City, etc. Author: The Bitter Cry of the Children,
1906 (Macmillan); Socialism, a Summarv and Inter-
pretation of Socialist Principles, 1906 (Macmillan):
The Socialists Who They Are and What They Stand
for, 1906 (Kerr); Forces that Make for Socialism in
America, 1906 (Kerr); Capitalist and Laborer, 1907
(Kerr); The Common Sense of the Milk Question, 1908
(Macmillan) ; The Socialism of William Morris, 1908
(Littlefield, Westwood, Mass.); The Common Sense of
Socialism, 1908 (Kerr); The Spiritual Significance of
Modern Socialism, 1908; Socialist Reading for Chil-
dren, 1909; Karl Marx. His Life and Work, 1909; The



Marx He Knew, 1909; Sidelights on Contemporary
Socialism, 1910; Elements of Socialism, 1911; also
numerous pamphlets and magazine articles. Socialist;
served several years on Exec. Com. English Social
Dem. Federation; one of first to oppose Boer War
and suffered at hands of rioters. Came to U. S. in
1901 and has been closely identified since with So-
cialist Party. Editor The Comrade, October, 1901
May, 1904; mem. Nat. Com. Socialist Party; delegate
to Nat. Convs., 1904 and 1908, and chm'n Resolutions
Com.; mem. Special Com. elected by 1908 conv. to
study and report on Immigration; asso. editor Internat.
Social Review; mem. many edn'l and reform societies.
Addresses; Bennington, Vt., and Yonkers, N. Y.

SPEAR, LAWRENCE YORK

Naval architect; b. Warren, Ohio, Oct. 23, 1870; s.
Judge W. T. and Francis (York) Spear; honor grad.
U. S. Naval Acad., 1S90, B.S., So.; Univ. of Glasgow.
Scotland, 1S93; m. N. Y. City, June 12, 1902, Lilian, d.
late Charles Tudor Wing. In 1S90 attached to Pensa-
cola, flagship S. Am. Station, present during Balma-
ceda revolution in Chili, transferred to Charleston;
brought home captured Itata; detached from Charles-
ton, 1S91, and ordered to Univ. of Glasgow, for sp'l
course in naval architecture. Comm'd ass't constr.,
1S92. Took all first prizes, at Glasgow, including
Harvey prize; returned to U. S., 1893; on duty at var-
ious places on Pacific Coast in connection with build-
ing Oregon, Olympia and other vessels. Comm'd naval
constructor, 1S9S; ordered in charge post-graduate
sch. at Annapolis; later on duty in Washington and as
sup't of vessel building in and around N. Y. City.
Resigned, 1902, to take position as naval architect
and gen. mg'r of Holland Torpedo Boat Co., and v.-p.
Electric Boat Co., in which positions is in charge of
the design and construction of all "Holland" sub-
marines. Pres. New London Ship & Engine Co. Mem.
Soc. Naval Architects and Marine Eng'rs, Am. Soc
Naval Eng'rs. Recreations: Motoring, fishing, shoot-
ing. Clubs: Strollers, University. Address: 11 Pine
St., N. Y. City.

SPEARE, LEWIS ROBINSON

Merchant; b. Boston, Mass., June' 6, 1S61; s. Aldine
and Caroline M. (Robinson) Speare; grad. grammar
and high schs.; m. Chelsea, Mass., 1883, Edith B. Hol-
way; one d.: Caroline M. Engaged in oil, starch and
mill supplies business, under firm name Speare,
Gregory & Co., subsequently The Alden Speare's Son's
Co., of which is pres'. Pres. Ashland Emery & Corun-
dum Co., Diamond Mills Emery Co., Jackson Mills
Emery Co., and others; v.-p. and dir. The Huron Mill-
ing Co. Mem. Boston Chamber of Commerce. Clubs:
Home Market (dir.), Hardware, Lotos, Automobik- of
America, Am. Automobile Ass'n (N. Y.), Algonquin,
Art, Exchange, Athletic (Boston). Address: 253
Broadway, N. Y. City.

SPEER, ROBERT ELLIOTT

Sec Presby'n B'd of Foreign Missions; b. Hunting-
don, Pa., Sept. 10, 1867; s. Hon. Robert Milton and
Martha Ellen (McMurtrie) Speer: attended Phillips
Acad.. Andover, Mass., 1883-18S5; Princeton Univ.,



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