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1SS5-1SS9; Princeton Theol. Sem., A.B., 1890-1891; Yale
Univ., A.M., 1900 (hon.) ; D.D., Edinburgh Univ., 1910;
m. Harrisburg, Pa., April 20, 1893, Emma Doll Bailey;
children: Elliott, b. 1898, Margaret,- b. 1900, Eleanor,
b. 1903, Constance, b. 1907, William, b. 1910. Sec.
Student Vol. Movement for Foreign Missions. 1889-
1890; sec. B'd of Foreign Missions of Presby'n Oh.,
since 1891. Has traveled extensively in Asiatic coun-
tries, and S. America. Democrat; Presbv'n. Trustee
Northfield Sch., N. Y. Juvenile Asylum, Vacation Bible
Sch. Ass'n. Residence: Englewood, N. J. Address: 156
Fifth Av., N. Y. City. .

SPEIR, FRANCIS

Lawyer; b. N. Y. City, Nov. 11, 1856; s. Francis and
Cecilia Maben (Patterson) Speir; grad. Princeton Coll.,
A.B., 1S77; grad. student in geology and paleontology,
Columbia Law Sch., LL.B., 18S0; m. Brooklyn, N. Y.,
May 17, 1SS9, Agnes Edward Forbes; children: Frances
Cecil, b. 1S90; Sarah Edwards, b. 1894; Robert Forbes
b. 1S96; Henry Fairfield Osborn, b. 1898. In active
practise of law; largely engaged in real estate, and
estate investments; senior mem. Speir & Bartlett.
Trustee village of South Orange, three terms; elected
pres. twice, now serving as such: chm'n exec. com.
that built first joint trunk sewer in N. J., serving as
permanent chm'n. Republican; Episcopalian. Mem.
St. Nicholas Soc, Chm'n Graduate Council Princeton
Univ., trustee Orange Memorial Hosp., vestryman Ch.
of Holy Communion. Recreations: Walking, floricul-
ture, reading. Clubs: Century Ass'n, Down Town
Ass'n, Essex County Country, Princeton, Nassau,
South Orange Field. Residence: 276 Ridgewood, S.
Orange, N. J. Address: 52 Wall St., N. Y. City.



674



WHO'S WHO IN NEW YORK



SPEIR, LOUIS DEAN

Lawyer; b. S. Orange, N. J., Nov. 28, 1SC9; a. Frauds
and Cecilia Maben (Patterson) Speir; grad. Prince-
ton, A.B., 1890; N. Y. Law Sch., LL.B., 1894; m. West
Hampton, L. I., Oct. 2, 1905, Lilian Vanderbilt. Prac-
tised law In N. Y. City for 19 years. Mem. firm of
Martin, Fraser & Speir; dir. and sec. Putnam Sewing
Co. Clubs: Princeton, Reform. Address: 20 Exchange
PI., N. Y. City.

SPELLISSY, DENIS ALOYSIUS

Lawyer; b. Enmis, County Clare, Ireland, Dec. 15,
1845; s. Dennis and Eliza (Molony) Spille'ssy; ed. in
academic institutions at Dublin and Galway, and at
Springfield Coll., Ennis, an affiliated college of London
Univ.; m. N. Y. City, Jan., 1S7S, Martha Gaughran;
children: Mabel E., b. Nov. 20, 1878, Dennis, 'b. July 17,
1886. Admitted to N. Y. Bar, N. Y. City, May, 1870;
Identified with Eight-Hour Law, the Franchise Tax
Law, testamentary litigation and questions relating to
descent of real property; frequently appt'd referee by
Supreme Court; acted on many comm'ns for condemna-
tion, of land for public uses. Treas. and director N. Y.
County Lawyers' Ass'n. Active Democrat; was chm'n
19th Assembly Dist., County Democracy, and mem.
Exec. Com. of that body, in which capacity (with
Judges Beekman and Kibreth) drafted the first bill
upon which present Election Law was founded. Rep-
resented Franchise Tax and Municipal Ownership
League (was pres.) on Exec. Com. of Civic League,
1902-1903, and active In that movement until the Fran-
chise Tax Daw was passed; procured passage of Tene-
ment House Law. Supporter of Mr. Bryan for Presi-
dency, and in campaign of 1900 was prominent in
Irish Am. Union, a powerful Bryan org'n. Never ac-
cepted office while leader in the Countv Democracy,
but in 1902 nominated for att'y-gen. State of N. Y. by
the Liberal Democracy, composed of Mr. Bryan's
friends, and came in ahead of his ticket. Roman
Catholic. Mem. 8th Reg't Nat. Guard Veteran Ass'n.
Mem. Soc. Med. Jurisprudence, Gaelic Soc, Knights of
Columbus, Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. Recreations:
Golf and pedestrianism. Clubs: Catholic, Napper
Tandy. Address: 257 Broadway, N. Y. City.

SPENCE, LEWIS HENRY

Steamship ag't; b. Ireland, Sept. 18, 1847; s. Joseph
B. and Eliza J. (Ohristie) Spence; ed. in N. Y. public
schs. and Coll. City of N. Y.; m. N. Y. City, Jan. 29.
1878, Anna Tuthill; children: Harold T., b. 1878; Lewis
G., b. 1881, Kenneth M., b. 1886. Formerly one of
mg'rs N. Y. Produce Exchange, also trustee Gratuity
Fund of that Exchange; served for some years on
Arbitration Com. Mem. N. Y. Produce Exchange, Mari-
time Exchange and Chamber of Commerce (one of
official arbitrators). Mem. firm Simpson, Spence &
Young. Progressive; Episcopalian. Mem. Am. Geog.
Soc. Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. Recreation:
Golf. Clubs: Larchmont Yacht, N. Y. Athletic, Knoll-
wood Country. Residence: 320 W. 75th St. Address:
11 Broadway, N. Y. City.

SPENCE, LEWIS J.

R'y official; b. Wilmington, Del., Sept. 16, 1868; ed.
public and high schs. of Wilmington; m. Adelia L. Mc-
Cord; children: Lewis A., b. Aug. 24, 1899; Cecil A.,
b. Aug. 2, 1909. Entered railroad service as stenog-
rapher in office of Edwin Hawley, 1885; later gen.
eastern ag't of Southern Paoific Co.; became chief
clerk and later eastern freight ag't; succeeded Mr.
Hawley as gen. eastern freight ag't, 1902, and in 1906
became gen. freight ag't Atlantic S. S. Lines in addi-
tion; appt'd ass't dir. of traffic, with headquarters In
Chicago, 1911; succeeded J. C. Stubbs as dir. of traffic,
Union Pacific, Southern Pacific Systems, 1912, becom-
ing also mem. B'ds of Dirs. of constituent companies.
Upon separation of these systems, in compliance with
recent decree of Supreme Court, became dir. of traffic,
Southern Pacific Co. Mem. B'd of Dirs. Southern
Pacific Co., Louisiana Western R. R., Gulf S. S. Co.,
Southern Pacific R. R. of Mexico, Chicago & Alton
R. R. Clubs: Union League, Traffic (Chicago), City
Lunch, Railroad, Traffic (N. Y.). Midwood (Brooklyn).
Residence: 208 Argyle Road, Brooklyn. Address: 165
Broadway, N. Y. City.

SPENCE, THOMAS BRAY

Physician; b. Starkey, N. Y., Dec. 28, 1867; s. Byron
(M.D.) and Susan (Beardslee) Spence; grad. Penn Yan
Acad., 1886, Cornell Univ., IA.B., 1890; Coll. of Phys. and
Surg. (Columbia Univ.) (M.D.), 1893; m. Gananoque,
Ontario, Can., Jan. 18, 1899. Janet M. Taylor; ass't
surgeon, 1896-1906, surgeon, 1906-1907, surgeon-in-
chief since 1907, Methodist Episcopal Hosp. ; pres.
Brooklyn Surg. Soc, 1905-1906. Capt. and ass't sur-
geon to 14th Reg't, N. Y. Vol. Inf. in Spanish-Am.
War, 1898; capt. and ass't surgeon, 14th Reg't, N.G.



N.Y., 1898-1906. Republican; Presbyterian. Mem.
Med. Soc. of County of Kings, Med. Soc. of State of
N. Y., Am. Med. Ass'n, Brooklyn Surg. Soc, Associ-
ated Physicians of D. I., N. Y. Physicians' Mut. Aid
Soc, Ass'n of Mil. Surgeons of U. S., Alumni Ass'n
of M. E. Hosp., Cornell Ass'n of Brooklyn. Recre-
ation: Automobiling. Club: Montauk. Address: 541
3rd St., Brooklyn, N. Y.

SPENCER, ANDREW

Lawyer; b. Milford, N. Y., Dec 10, 1863; s. Andrew
and Minerva (Cromkhite) Spencer; ed. Hartwick Sem.,
Cooperstown High Sch.; grad. Cornell Univ., Ph.B.,
1888 (mid-course honors in history and polit. science;
sp'l mention on theses; v.-p. graduating class: prizes
to amount of $1,200); Lombard Univ., Ph.D., 1892
(hon.); Albany Law Sch., 1898; m. Milford, N. Y.. 1884,
Minerva E. Bowe; children: Minerva, b. 1888; Vinyla,
b. 1889; Genevieve, b. 1891. Principal New York pub-
lic schools; Maryland, 1888; Sharon Springs, 1889;
Hamburg, 1890-1891; sup't U. S. Indian schools, East-
ern Cherokee, 1892; Mt. Pleasant, Mich., 1893-1897.
Reading law and Albany Law Sch., 1898-1899; prac-
tising law Milford, N. Y 1899-1907; examiner of mu-
nicipal accounts, N. Y. State Comptroller's Office, since
1907. Clerk B'd Supervisors, Otsego Co., 1901-1902;
1905-1906. Democratic candidate for dist. att'y, Ot-
sego Co., 1905; designated local att'y for Att'v-Gen.'s
Office. 1903-1905. Democrat; Mason; Odd Fellow;
Knights of Maccabees; mem. Nat. Protective League.
Address: Care State Comptroller, Albany, N. Y.

SPENCER, CHARLES FRANCIS

Physician; b. Manchester, Conn., March 10, 1857; s.
Francis and Eliza (Keeney) Spencer; ed. Med. Dep't
N. Y. Univ., M.D.; m. Caneada, N. Y., July 8, 1885, Lil-
lian Burr; children: Charles Burr. b. Sept. 22, 1886;
Frederick Burr, b. May 27, 1890; Edgar Burr, b. Feb. 8,
1892. Borough Chief of Div. of Gen. Sanitary Inspec-
tion, Borough of Bronx. Mem. and elder Morrlsania
Presoy'n Ch. Mem. Physicians' Mutual Aid Ass'n.
Mem. Columbia Lodge, 484, F. and A. M., N. Y. City.
Descendant of revolutionary soldiers on both father's
and mother's lines; descendant of Thomas Spencer, the
preacher, a co-worker of Bishop Astmry of Methodist
Ch., who gave to Methodist Soc. of Manchester, Conn.
(at that time part of East Hartford), a church built
by him and ground on which it stood (date of deed,
Feb. 28, 1800); also descendant in direct line from
Thomas 'Spencer, one of founders of Hartford (monu-
ment in cemetery of Center Ch., Hartford). Address:
1124 Tinton Av., N. Y. City.

SPENCER, CREIGHTON

Clergyman; b. Tarrytown, N. Y.; s. Rev. Dr. James
Selden and Mary Frances (Mounsey) Spencer; ed. Co-
lumbia Coll., A.B., and Gen. Theol. Sem.; m. Joanna
Livingston, d. Henry and Elizabeth (Wetmore) Meiser,
of Wappingers Falls, N. Y. Formerly rector of St.
George's Ch., Hempstead, L. I.; Christ Ch., Tarrytown,
N. Y.; St. Thomas's Ch., New Windsor. N. Y., and St.
John's Ch., Bisbee, Ariz.; now rector Christ Ch., West
Collingswood, N. J. Clubs: University (N. Y.), Au-
thors' (London). Address: West Collingswood, N. J.

SPENCER, LORILLARD

Manufacturer; b. Westchester, N. Y., July 4. 1883;
s. Lorill'ard and Caroline Suydam (Berryman) Spencer;
ed. St. Paul's Sch., Concord, N. H., and Columbia Coll.;
m. Newport, R. I., 1905, Mary Ridgley Sands; one son:
Lorillard, Jr., b. 1906. Pres. and dir. Austral Window
Co.; pres., treas. and dir. Panama Eng'ring Co.; v.-p.
and dir. McNutt Can Co., Inc. Eight years in Squadron
A (now 1st Cav.), N.G.N.Y. Comm'd 2d lieut. 8th
Art'y Dist., Co. C, N.G.N.Y., 1st lieut., 1913. Mem.
Delta Phi fraternity, Soc. War 1S12, Soc Automobile
Eng'rs. Mem. Exec B'd Nat. Council Boy Scouts of
America; Pres. N. Y. City Council Boy Scouts of Amer-
ica; mem. B'd of Mg'rs Am. Soc. for Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. Clubs: Union, Country of West-
chester, N. Y. Yacht, Automobile of America. Resi-
dence: 71 E. 82dSt. Address: 50 Madison Av., N. Y. City.

SPENCER, NELSON STANLEY

Lawyer; b. Naugatuck, Conn., May 5, 1856; s. Gus-
tavus and Mary C. (Hurlbut) Spencer; grad. Coll. City
of N. Y., A.B., 1875; m. Ald-enham Ch., Aldenham, Wat-
ford, Herts, Eng., Aug. 20, 1901, Katharine H. Rice.
Engaged in practice of law in N. Y. City since 1881;
mem. firm of Stickney & Shepard, 1SS6-1890; of Stick-
ney, Spencer & Ordway, 1890-1903, and since 1903 of
Spencer, Ordway & Wierum. Chm'n B'd of Inspectors
of Schools for the 21st Dist. of the Borough of Man-
hattan, 1896-1902. Mem. Municipal Civil Service
Comm'n of City of N. Y 1902-1904; trustee Hudson-
Fulton Comm'n, 1906-1910. Independent Democrat.
Mem. Ass'n Bar City of N. Y., N. Y. State Bar Ass'n,



WHCTS WHO IN NEW YORK



675



Nat. Municipal League, Municipal Art Soc. (dir. and
counsel), Nat. Civil Service Reform League (mem.
Council), Civil Service Reform Ass'n of N. Y. (mem.
Exec. Com.), Nat. Sculpture Soc, Soc. of Mural
Painters, Philharmonic Soc. of N. T. (dir.). and others.
Clubs: Century, National Arts, University, City
(trustee). Address: 27 William St., N. Y. City.

SPEYER, JAMES

Banker; b. N. Y. City, 1S61; ed. Frankfort-on-Main; m.
Nov., 1S97, Ellin D. Prince (Mrs. John A. Lowery), d.
John Dyneley Prince and Mary Travers. Began busi-
ness career in father's banking house In' Frankfort.
Went to Paris and London, 1S85, returned to N. Y. Now
senior partner in N. Y. banking house of Speyer & Co.,
also partner in Frankfort and London houses. Treas.
and trustee Provident Loan Soc. of N. Y., v.-p. Societe
Financiere Franoo-Amerlcaine; trustee German Sav-
ings Bank, Title Guarantee & Trust Co., Union Trust
Co., N. Y. : dir. Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Co., Bank of
Manhattan Co.. Gen. Chem. Co., Lackawanna Steel Co.,
N. Britisli ,V- Mercantile Ins. Co. of N. Y., Rock Island
Co. of N. Y., Corn Products Refining Co., Mo. Pacific
R'y Co., and St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern R'y
Co. Mem. B'd Mg'rs Isabella Heimath; trustee Mt.
Sinai Hosp., Hosp. Saturday and Sunday Ass'n; mem.
Exec. Com. Nat. Civic Federation, The Pilgrims, Am.
Ass'n for Internat. Conciliation; chm'n Finance Com.
and trustee Teachers' Coll.; v.-p. Mexico Soc; treas.
Am. Museum of Safety; trustee Nat. Acad. Ass'n; mem.
Exec. Com. Pan-Am. Soc. of U. S. Clubs: City, Man-
hattan, Players', Lotos, Reform, Lawyers, Whist, Rac-
quet, Recess. City Midday (trustee), N. Y. Yacht, Eco-
nomic (pres.), Deutscher Verein, Sleepv Hollow Coun-
try. Address: 1058 Fifth Av., N. Y. City, and "Wald-
heim," Scarborough-on-Hudson, N. Y.

SPINGARN, ARTHUR B.

Lawyer; b. N. Y., March 28, 1878; s. Elias and Sarah
(Barnett) Spingarn; grad. Columbia Univ., A.E., 1897,
A.M., 1899, Columbia Law 'Sch., LL.B.. 1900. Practising
law in N. Y. City since 1900. Mem. Ass'n Bar City
of N. Y.. 'N. Y. County Lawyers' Ass'n, Am. Bar Ass'n,
Columbia Coll. Alumni Ass'n; treas. N. Y. Vigilance
Com. Clubs: City, Harmonie. Residence: 52 W. 90th
St. Address: 55 Liberty St., N. Y. City.

SPINGARN, ELIAS

Merchant; b. in Austria, 1838; <s. Joel and Rebecca
(Lowenstein) Spingarn; m. June. 1874, Sarah Barnett;
children: Joel Elias, b. 1875; Harry J., b. 1876; Arthur
B., b. 1S78; Sigmund. b. 1SS5. Engaged in tobacco busi-
ness in N. Y. City since 1861 (packing and importing
tobacco). Partner E. Spingarn & Co. Republican.
Mem. Chamber of Commerce of N. Y. City. Residence:
52 W. 90th St. Address: 5 Burling Slip, N. Y. City.

SPINGARN, JOEL ELIAS

Author; 1>. N. Y. City, May 17, 1875; s. Elias and
Sarah B. Spingarn; grad. Columbia Univ., A.B.. 1895,
?onP-; 1899; graduate student Harvard and Columbia,
1S95-1899; also studied abroad; m. N. Y. City Dec 21
1905, Amy Einstein. Ass't tutor and adj. prof, in coml
parative literature at Columbia, 1899-1909- prof com-
parative literature, Columbia, 1909-1911; chm'n div of
modern languages and literatures, Columbia, 1910-
J2Ji' Author: Literary Criticism in the Renaissance,
1S99, revised edition, 1908, translated into Italian, 1905-
The New Hesperides and Other Poems, 1911; The New
Criticism, a lecture. 1911; A Question of Academic
Freedom. 1911; conth'r to Cambridge History of Eng-
lish Literature; also numerous articles, poems and
reviews in literary periodicals here and abroad.
Editor: Critical Essays of the Seventeenth Century 3
vols. (Clarendon Press, Oxford); Temple's Essavs;
etc.; co-editor and founder, Journal of Comparative
Literature, 1902-1904. Phi Beta Kappa Poet, 1901.
Republican nominee for Congress, 18th N Y Dist
1908; delegate to first Nat Conv. of Progressive party!
Chicago. Aug., 1912; pres. N. Y. branch, Nat. Ass'n for
Adv. of Colored People; champion of civil rights of
Am. negro; Pres. Amenia Field Dav Ass'n, Amenia
Times Co. Clubs: City, Columbia Faculty (N Y.),
North Lake Fish and Game (Canada). Residences:
Amenia, N. Y., and 9 W. 73d St., N. Y. City.

SPITZER, HENRY

Physician: b. Hungary, July 8, 1862; s. Leopold and
Marie (Steiner) Spitzer; ed. N. Y. Grammar School,
13. Coll. City of N. Y., A.B., 1881, N. Y. Univ. Med. Coll.,
M.D., 1884; m. N. Y., Jan. 25, 1899, Aline Hirsch; one
d.: Marie Irma, b. Aug. 21. 1905. Phvsician to Essex
Market Dispensary, Union Dispensary. Instr In
gynecology in Post-Graduate Med. Sch. of N. Y., visit-
ing gynecologist Metropolitan Hosp.; visiting physi-
cian United Hebrew Charities. Surgeon major. 1st
Reg't, Lafayette Post Volunteers for Spanish War,



1898; surgeon Germania Schiitzen Bund, Washington
Rifles No. 1, 1884-1896. Mem. N. Y. County Med. soc,
N. Y. State Med. Ass'n, Am. Med. Ass'n, Metropolitan,
Eastern Med. Ass'n, Manhattan Clinical Ass'n, Owl and
Scroll. Recreations: Yachting, riding. Club: Progress.
Address: 219 W. 139th St., N. Y. City.

SPITZKA, EDWARD ANTHONY

Anatomist, physician, educator; b. N. Y. City. June
17, 1876; s. Dr. Edward Charles and Katharine (Wacek)
Spitzka; ed. N. Y. City public sens; Coll. City of N. Y.
(Dtvoe prize); Coll. Phys. and Surg. (Columbia Univ.),
M.I'., 1902 (third Harsen clinical prize); m. White
Plains, N. Y., June 20, 1906, Alice Pauline Eberspacher.
Appt'd f'llow in anatomy in Columbia on graduating.
1902-1906; demonstrator of anatomy. 1904-1906; prof,
gen. anatomy, Jefferson Mtd. Coll., Philadelphia, since
1906; dir. Daniel Baugh Inst, of Anatomy. Performed
autopsy on Czolgosz (McKinley's assassin); has
examined brains of many criminals and representa-
tives of various races (Eskimos, Papuans, Negroes,
Japanese, Andamanese, Nicobarese, etc.), studied brains
of notables (Prof. E. D. Cope, Prof. Jos. Leidy, Prof.
Harrison Allen, Geo. F. Train, Dr. William Pepper
Major J. W. Powell, Dr. Edward Seguin, Dr. E. C.
Seguin, Dr. Philip Leidy, Major J. B. Pond, Dr. A. J.
Parker, 'Dr. Persifcr Frazer, Dr. John H. Musser, Dr.
W. I. McGee, etc.). Author of 40 articles on brain
anatomy. Interested in various problems in biology:
particularly brain development, heredity, morphology
of the primates and mammalia in general. Editor of
19th edition of Gray's Anatomy, 1913 (published by
Lea & Febiger). Also interested in subject of crime
and punishment; death by electricity, etc. Mem. Co.
I, 7th Reg't, N.G.N.Y., 1898-1906. Collaborator in

several journals of anatomy, anthropology, crimi-
nology, etc. Fellow A. A. A. S., Am. Philos. Soc,, Am.
Anatomists); mem. Com. on Resuscitation from Elec-
frarernitv, Sigma Xi. Alumni Ass'n of Phys. and Siirg.,
Theta Nu Epsilon, Philadelphia Neurol. Soc; Coll. oi
Physicians of Philadelphia, Am. Acad, of Natural
Sciences, Geog. Soc; sec. Section of Somatology, Con-
gress of Arts and Sciences. St. Louis, 1904; sec. Com.
on Brain Bequests and Brain Investigations (Am.
Anatomists); mem. Com. on Resuscitation from Elec-
tric Shock. Club: University. Summer residence: Mt.
Pocono, Pa. Addresses: Jefferson Med. Coll., Philadel-
phia, Pa., and 66 E. 73d St., N. Y. City.

SPOONER, ALLEN NEWHALL

Civil eng'r; b. Jersey City, N. J., Oct. 2, 1864; s. Ed-
ward A. and Angela (Newhall) Spooner; grad. Colum-
bia Coll., Sch. of Mines, C.E., 1886; m. 1st, Jersey City,
N. J., March 15, 1888, Emma F. Browne (deceased);
2d, Jersey City, N. J., Feb. 4, 1903, Bertha Klaproth;
children: Violet Langsford, b. 1889; John Irving, b.
1891; Rav Newhall, b. 1893; Addison Ware, b. 1907.
Mem. corps of Eng'rs, Pa. R. R. Co., 1886-1887; super-
vising and constructing eng'r, Dep't of Docks and
Ferries City of N. Y., 1887-1907; comm'r of docks, N.
Y City, Feb. 11, 1908-Jan. 3, 1910; now with N. Y. Sub-
marine Construction Co., N. Y. City. Consulting eng'r
Passaic Valley District Sewage and Drainage Comm n.
N. J.; Midland R. R. Terminal Co., Staten Island, New
Dorp Beach, S. I.; N. Y. Dock Co.; James Shewan &
Sons Dry Docks. N. Y.; N. Y. and College Point Ferry,
Port Morris Terminal, N. Y. and Astoria Ferry; Ameri-
can Dock Co., etc. Democrat. Recreation: Outdoor
sports. Mem. Am. Soc, Civil Eng'rs, Municipal Engi-
neers, Alumni Ass'n, Sch. of Applied Science, Worth
Lodge, F. and A. M.. Psi Upsilon fraternity, Royal
Arcanum. Club: Columbia University. Address: 130
Pearl St., N. Y. City.

SPOONER, JOHN COIT

Lawyer, ex-U. S. Senator; b. Lawrenceburg, Dear-
born Countv, Ind., Jan. 6. 1843. Moved with his father's
family to Wis. and settled at Madison, June 1, 1859.
Grad. from the State Univ.. 1864; was private in Co.
D, 40th Reg't and capt. of Co. A, 50th Reg't, Wis. Inf.
Vols.; bvt'd maj. at close of service; was private and
mil. sec of Gov. Lucius Fairchild, of Wis. Admitted
to bar, 1S67, served as ass't atfy-gen. of State until
1870, when moved to Hudson, Wis., and practised law
there, 1870-1884. Mem. Assembly from St. Croix County,
1872; mem. of B'd of Regents of Wis. Univ.; elected
U. S. Senator to succeed Angus Cameron, Republican,
for term beginning March 4, 1885. Was succeeded as
U. S. Senator March 4, 1891, by William F. Vilas. Demo-
crat. Unanimously nominated as Republican candidate
for Gov. of Wis., 1892. but defeated; moved from Hud-
son to Madison. 1893; actively engaged in practice of
profession, 1892-1897; unanimously nominated In Re-
publican caucus, Jan. 13. 1897. and duly elected, Jan.
27, 1897, U. S. Senator for term beginning March 4,
1897, to succeed William F. Vilas, Democrat. Was
tendered bv Pres. McKinley, Dec, 1898. a position in
his cabinet, as sec. of the interior, and declined it; was



676



WHO'S WHO IN NEW YORK



also tendered in 1898 by Pres. McKinley membership
of the U. S. and British Joint High Comm'n, and de-
clined it; was tendered by Pres. McKinley, Jan. 3, 1901.
position of att'y-gen. to take office March 4, 1901, and
declined it; on July 6, 1900, in a communication to
Republicans of Wis., announced his purpose not to be
a candidate for reelection; but on Jan. 27, 1903, was,
notwithstanding, elected for another term, beginning
March 4, 1903; resigned 1907, engaged in practice of
law, N. Y. City. Address: 14 Wall St., N. Y. City.

SPRAGUE, FRANK JULIAN

Elec. eng'r and inventor; b. Milford, Conn., July 25,
1S57. Won a competitive apiptm't to U. S. Naval Acad.,
1874, and grad. 1878. Took sp'l course in elec. matters
and developed strong inventive faculties; ordered to
U.S.S. Richmond, bound for Chinese Station; sp'l cor-
respondent Boston Herald during this cruise and Gen.
Grant's visit to China and Japan; returned 1880 and
carried on elec. experiments at Stevens Inst, shops,
and Brooklyn Navy Yard; ordered to duty on train-
ing ship Minn., where made first attempt to introduce
incandescent electric light in U. S. Naval Service;
later continued experiments at Torpedo Station, New-
port. Ordered to U.S.S. Lancaster, Mediterranean
Squadron, and subsequently assigned to Crystal
Palace Elec. Exb'n, Sydenham, England. Was young-
est mem. and only Am. on the jury, his assos. on
which, included Horace Danwin, Capt. de Abney and
Profs. Frankland, W. Gryll Adams and Fleming Jen-
kins, all famous scientists; made sec. of his section,
and organized and conducted experiments on dynamo
machines, electric lights and gas engines. Later re-
signed from navy to become ass't to Mr. Edison, dur-
ing which connection made important improvements
in matters connected with electric light distribution.
Becoming interested in electric transmission of
power, resigned a year afterward, and with E. H.
Johnson, organized Sprague Electric R'y & Motor Co.,
and began development of electric motors. In 1884 ex-
hibited several of these at Phila. Elec. Exb'n, which
were soon afterward endorsed by parent Edison Elec-
tric Light Co. for use by its licensed co's. May, 1887,
took contract for equipment of Union Passenger R'y
of Riehmon-d, Va., with 80 motors for 40 cars, complete
overhead system and a central station, the first com-
mercial electric road on a large scale, and foundation
of modern electric trolley development. The Sprague
Co. was absorbed about 1S90 by Edison Gen. Electric
Co., with which remained for a time as consulting
eng'r. Took up development of electric elevators, or-
ganized Sprague Electric Eleveater Co. and developed
high speed screw elevator, automatic house elevator,
and double motor elevator, -4he latter being adopted
for Central London R'y in 1S92, with Drs. Louis Dun-
can and Cary Hutchinson, designed one of earliest lo-
comotives. In 1897 took personal contract for carrying
out multiple unit system of train equipment on South
Side Elevated R'y in Chicago, which was beginning of
a train system which has now become universal with
electric train operation on underground, elevated and
other roads. Elected mem. of Electric Traction
Comm'n of N. Y. Central R'y, and for four years was
active in inauguration of electric system on that road,
collaborating with its chm'n, v. -p. W. J. Wilgus. in
development of the protected under-contact third
rail. Consulting eng'r Sprague Electric, Gen. Electric
and Otis Elevator Co.'s; selected by Southern Pacific
Co. to prepare, in collaboration with its officers, a re-
port on possibilitv of electrifying the Sierra Nevada
Mountain section of the Sacramento Div. of that Co. to
increase its capacity. Awarded medal at Phila. Exb'n;
gold medal, Paris Exp'n, 18S9: Elliott Creson medal of
Franklin Inst., 1902; grand prize La. Purchase Exp'n
for inventions and developments in electric motors
and electric r'ys and Edison medal for meritorious
achievement in electric arts. Past pres. and mem. Am.



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